List of countries by bismuth production

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Bismuth /ˈbɪzməθ/ is a chemical element that has the symbol Bi and atomic number 83. This heavy, brittle, white crystalline trivalent other metal has a pink tinge and chemically resembles arsenic and antimony.

Of all the metals, it is the most naturally diamagnetic, and only mercury has a lower thermal conductivity. It is also generally considered as the last naturally occurring non-radioactive element.

Bismuth compounds are used in cosmetics and in medical procedures. As the toxicity of lead has become more apparent in recent years, alloy uses for bismuth metal as a replacement for lead have become an increasing part of bismuth's commercial importance.

List of producing countries[edit]

This is a list of countries by bismuth in 2011.

Rank Country/Region Bismuth production
(tonnes)[1]
  World 3400
1 China China 1600
2 Mexico Mexico 935
3 Japan Japan 483
4 Australia Australia 100
5 Canada Canada 92
6 Bulgaria Bulgaria 45
7 Russia Russia 45
8 Bolivia Bolivia 41
9 Romania Romania 40

References[edit]

  1. ^ "World Mineral Production 2007-2011". British Geological Survey. Retrieved 7 April 2013. 

External links[edit]