List of countries by economic complexity

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Map and Scatterplot of Countries by Economic Complexity

This list orders countries by their economic complexity index (ECI), as it was defined and calculated by Ricardo Hausmann, Cesar Hidalgo and other contributors based mainly at the Harvard-MIT Observatory of Economic Complexity. The ECI was calculated with trade data from the UN Comtrade,[1] thus the information is only based on exports (and not goods produced). The 2009 rankings includes Products Exports Treemaps, also built by the Observatory of Economic Complexity.

2011 rankings[edit]

Rank Country/Territory ECI[2]
1  Japan 2.33125
2  Sweden 1.98292
3  Germany 1.98112
4  Finland 1.84528
5  United Kingdom 1.79158
6  United States 1.7853
7  South Korea 1.74861
8  Singapore 1.7388
8  Austria 1.72242
10  Czech Republic 1.71726
10  Slovenia 1.63572
12  Ireland 1.60316
12  Hungary 1.47193
14  Israel 1.45675
15  Slovakia 1.37287
15  Denmark 1.29778
15  Netherlands 1.22029
18  Poland 1.21808
19  Guinea 1.04571
20  Croatia 1.00287
21  Belarus 0.979208
22  Malaysia 0.968661
23  Estonia 0.953915
23  Spain 0.952511
25  Mexico 0.916825
26  Canada 0.898468
27  China 0.893582
28  Lithuania 0.807657
28  Latvia 0.801201
30  Ukraine 0.787845
31  Russia 0.787334
32  Thailand 0.688337
33  Panama 0.655664
34  Hong Kong 0.646592
35  Bulgaria 0.616008
36  Portugal 0.592028
37  Armenia 0.580456
38  Serbia 0.57122
39  New Zealand 0.497474
40  Turkey 0.492492
41  Bosnia and Herzegovina 0.476457
42  Brazil 0.450501
43  Argentina 0.362831
44  Uruguay 0.327271
45  Bahrain 0.274021
46  Lebanon 0.264733
47  Greece 0.236269
48  Jordan 0.220378
49  Philippines 0.167047
50  United Arab Emirates 0.16629
51  Costa Rica 0.149685
52  Australia 0.125223

The list is incomplete and only includes the top 52 countries.

2009 rankings[edit]

Country/Territory ECI ECI Increase ('98-'08) Rank Increase ('98-'08) Treemap
Japan 2.316 Increase 0.11 Steady 0
Japan Export Treemap.jpg
Germany 2.0125 Decrease -0.20 Steady 0
Germany Product Export Treemap.jpg
Switzerland 1.935 Decrease -0.14 Steady 0
Switzerland Export Treemap.png
Sweden 1.859 Decrease -0.17 Steady 0
Sweden Export Treemap.png
Austria 1.807 Increase 0.01 Increase 3
Products exported by Austria.png
Finland 1.715 Decrease -0.13 Steady 0
Finland Export Treemap.jpg
Singapore 1.639 Increase 0.42 Increase 12
Singapore Export Treemap.png
Czech Republic 1.628 Increase 0.10 Increase 6
Czech Republic Export Treemap.jpg
United Kingdom 1.558 Decrease -0.37 Decrease -4
United Kingdom Export Treemap.png
Slovenia 1.523 Increase 0.09 Increase 5
Slovenia treemap.png
France 1.473 Decrease -0.20 Decrease -2
France Export Treemap.jpg
Korea, Rep. 1.469 Increase 0.53 Increase 13
Korea Export Treemap.jpg
United States 1.447 Decrease -0.36 Decrease -6
United States Export Treemap.png
Hungary 1.43 Increase 0.42 Increase 9
Hungary Export Treemap.jpg
Slovak Republic 1.379 Increase 0.05 Increase 2
Slovakia Export Treemap.png
Italy 1.308 Decrease -0.23 Decrease -3
Italy Export Treemap.jpg
Denmark 1.267 Decrease -0.27 Decrease -5
Denmark Export Treemap.jpg
Ireland 1.231 Decrease -0.34 Decrease -7
Ireland Export Treemap.jpg
Israel 1.164 Decrease -0.08 Decrease -1
Israel Export Treemap.jpg
Mexico 1.145 Increase 0.35 Increase 7
Mexico Product Export Treemap.jpg
Belarus 1.116 Increase 0.59 Increase 14
Belarus Export Treemap.jpg
Belgium 1.085 Decrease -0.52 Decrease -12
Netherlands 1.044 Decrease -0.33 Decrease -7
Netherlands treemap.png
Hong Kong 1.023 Increase 0.60 Increase 18
Hong-Kong Export Treemap.jpg
Poland 1.02 Steady 0.00 Decrease -3
Poland Export Treemap.png
Croatia 0.989 Increase 0.20 Increase 2
Croatia Export Treemap.jpg
Romania 0.936 Increase 0.29 Increase 5
Romania Export Treemap.png
Spain 0.933 Decrease -0.19 Decrease -8
Spain Export Treemap.png
China 0.894 Increase 0.57 Increase 18
China Export Treemap.jpg
Panama 0.831 Increase 0.96 Increase 36
Panama Export Treemap.png
Thailand 0.814 Increase 0.65 Increase 26
Estonia 0.791 Increase 0.24 Increase 2
Estonia Export Treemap.jpg
Norway 0.777 Decrease -0.21 Decrease -9
Norway treemap.png
Malaysia 0.759 Increase 0.28 Increase 4
Malaysia Product Export Treemap.jpg
Portugal 0.696 Increase 0.13 Decrease -2
Portugal Export Treemap.png
Lithuania 0.683 Increase 0.27 Increase 7
Lithuania treemap.png
Serbia 0.644
Serbia Export Treemap.png
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0.453 Increase 0.08 Decrease -2
Bosnia and Herzegovina Export Treemap.jpg
Latvia 0.594 Increase 0.37 Increase 13
Bulgaria 0.587 Decrease -0.06 Decrease -9
Bulgaria Export Treemap.jpg
Canada 0.571 Decrease -0.45 Decrease -20
Canada Export Treemap.jpg
Ukraine 0.559 Decrease -0.33 Decrease -16
Ukraine Export Treemap.png
Turkey 0.444 Increase 0.17 Increase 6
Turkey Export Treemap.png
Lebanon 0.403 Increase 0.32 Increase 17
Lebanon Export Treemap.jpg
Jordan 0.325 Decrease -0.11 Decrease -4
Jordan Export Treemap.jpg
Russian Federation 0.324 Decrease -0.36 Decrease -17
Russia Export Treemap.png
Tunisia 0.294 Increase 0.31 Increase 16
Tunisia Export Treemap.png
New Zealand 0.287 Decrease -0.18 Decrease -9
New Zealand Exports Treemap (2009).jpg
Costa Rica 0.278 Increase 0.81 Increase 29
Costa Rica Export Treemap.jpg
Moldova 0.266 Increase 0.15 Increase 9
India 0.247 Increase 0.04 Increase 3
India treemap.png
Brazil 0.244 Decrease -0.43 Decrease -22
Brazil Export Treemap.jpg
Greece 0.214 Decrease -0.04 Decrease -3
Greece Export Treemap.jpg
Colombia 0.2 Decrease -0.08 Decrease -6
Colombia Export Treemap.jpg
South Africa 0.131 Decrease -0.28 Decrease -11
South Africa Product Export Treemap.jpg
Uruguay 0.109 Decrease -0.33 Decrease -16
Uruguay Export Treemap.png
Argentina 0.106 Decrease -0.28 Decrease -12
Tree map export 2009 Argentina.jpeg
Albania 0.087 Increase 0.46 Increase 17
Tree map export 2009 Albania.jpeg
Philippines 0.032 Increase 0.34 Increase 14
Philippines Export Treemap.png
El Salvador 0.026 Increase 1.05 Increase 45
El Salvador Export Treemap.jpg
Indonesia -0.007 Increase 0.18 Increase 7
Indonesia Export Treemap.jpg
Macedonia -0.018 Decrease -0.02 Steady 0
Macedonia treemap.png
Egypt, Arab Rep. -0.021 Increase 0.28 Increase 9
Egypt Exports 2.jpg
Dominican Republic -0.064 Increase 0.66 Increase 26
Tree map exports 2009 Dominican Republic.jpeg
Guatemala -0.099 Increase 0.76 Increase 33
Guatemala Export Treemap.jpg
United Arab Emirates -0.106 Decrease -0.08 Decrease -2
United Arab Emirates Export Treemap.png
Vietnam -0.181 Increase 0.41 Increase 16
Viet Nam Export Treemap.png
Saudi Arabia -0.201 Decrease -0.42 Decrease -15
Saudi Arabia Export Treemap.png
Kyrgyz Republic -0.24 Decrease -0.33 Decrease -9
Georgia -0.263 Decrease -0.74 Decrease -33
Georgia Export Treemap.jpg
Sri Lanka -0.265 Increase 0.37 Increase 16
Sri Lanka Export Treemap.png
Namibia -0.271
Kenya -0.276 Increase 0.84 Increase 36
Kenya Export Treemap.jpg
Senegal -0.287 Increase 0.68 Increase 27
Senegal Export Treemap.png
Syrian Arab Republic -0.29 Increase 0.69 Increase 27
Syria Export Treemap.png
Trinidad and Tobago -0.306 Decrease -0.25 Decrease -11
Trinidad and Tobago Export Treemap.png
Mauritius -0.307 Increase 0.32 Increase 9
Mauritius treemap.png
Chile -0.312 Decrease -0.44 Decrease -20
Tree map export 2009 Chile.jpeg
Australia -0.321 Decrease -0.50 Decrease -23
Zimbabwe -0.327 Increase 0.23 Increase 2
Zimbabwe Export Treemap.png
Jamaica -0.343 Increase 0.44 Increase 12
Jamaica Export Treemap.jpg
Pakistan -0.398 Increase 0.33 Increase 10
Pakistan Export Treemap.png
Morocco -0.4 Increase 0.11 Decrease -6
Morocco treemap.png
Cuba -0.426 Increase 0.19 Increase 1
Tree map export 2009 Cuba.jpeg
Qatar -0.438 Increase 0.35 Increase 9
Qatar Export Treemap.png
Paraguay -0.474 Decrease -0.25 Decrease -17
Paraguay Export Treemap.png
Uganda -0.488 Increase 0.65 Increase 24
Uganda Export Treemap.png
Honduras -0.518 Increase 0.57 Increase 20
Honduras Export Treemap.jpg
Peru -0.576 Decrease -0.32 Decrease -18
Peru Export Treemap.png
Madagascar -0.594 Increase 0.54 Increase 20
Madagascar treemap.png
Oman -0.604 Decrease -0.27 Decrease -17
Oman Export Treemap.png
Kazakhstan -0.608 Decrease -0.82 Decrease -37
Kazakhstan Export Treemap.jpg
Ecuador -0.619 Increase 0.23 Increase 4
Tree map exports 2009 Ecuador.jpeg
Botswana -0.62
Tree map export 2009 Botswana.jpeg
Tanzania -0.637 Increase 0.61 Increase 20
Uzbekistan -0.658 Decrease -0.51 Decrease -29
Uzbekistan Export Treemap.png
Nicaragua -0.661 Increase 0.66 Increase 20
Nicaragua treemap.png
Cambodia -0.702 Increase 0.48 Increase 16
Tree map export 2009 Cambodia.jpeg
Côte D'Ivoire -0.868 Increase 0.56 Increase 20
Tree map export 2009 Cote d'Ivoire.jpeg
Ghana -0.868 Increase 0.31 Increase 13
Ghana Export Treemap.jpg
Bolivia -0.879 Decrease -0.32 Decrease -20
Tree map export 2009 Bolivia.jpeg
Lao Pdr -0.88 Decrease -0.05 Decrease -6
Lao PDR Export Treemap.jpg
Bangladesh -0.887 Increase 0.11 Steady 0
Tree map export 2009 Bangladesh.jpeg
Ethiopia -0.892 Increase 0.17 Increase 2
Tree map exports 2009 Ethiopia.jpeg
Zambia -0.933 Increase 0.03 Decrease -5
Zambia Export Treemap.png
Malawi -1.024 Increase 0.28 Increase 10
Malawi treemap.png
Yemen, Rep. -1.042 Increase 0.33 Increase 11
Yemen Export Treemap.png
Tajikistan -1.054 Decrease -0.81 Decrease -38
Tajikistan Export Treemap.png
Mozambique -1.077 Decrease -0.70 Decrease -33
Mozambique treemap.png
Mali -1.103 Increase 0.38 Increase 10
Mali treemap.png
Venezuela, RB -1.109 Decrease -1.36 Decrease -60
Liberia -1.128 Decrease -0.52 Decrease -28
Liberia Export Treemap.jpg
Mongolia -1.166 Decrease -0.46 Decrease -24
Mongolia treemap.png
Algeria -1.213 Decrease -0.40 Decrease -19
Tree map export 2009 Algeria.jpeg
Turkmenistan -1.217 Decrease -0.67 Decrease -35
Turkmenistan Export Treemap.png
Kuwait -1.219 Decrease -0.67 Decrease -37
Kuwait Export Treemap.jpg
Azerbaijan -1.223 Decrease -1.60 Decrease -71
Azerbaijan Export Treemap.jpg
Iran, Islamic Rep. -1.229 Decrease -0.54 Decrease -30
Iran Export Treemap.jpg
Libya -1.304 Decrease -0.58 Decrease -28
Libya treemap.png
Gabon -1.364 Decrease -0.44 Decrease -21
Gabon Export Treemap.jpg
Cameroon -1.403 Increase 0.32 Increase 3
Tree map export 2009 Cameroon.jpeg
Nigeria -1.418 Increase 0.23 Increase 1
Nigeria treemap.png
Guinea -1.444 Increase 0.34 Increase 2
Tree map exports 2009 Equatorial Guinea.jpeg
Papua New Guinea -1.577 Decrease -0.02 Decrease -3
Papua New Guinea Export Treemap.png
Congo, Rep. -1.707 Decrease -0.12 Decrease -3
Tree map export 2009 Congo.jpeg
Sudan -1.768 Decrease -0.69 Decrease -19
Sudan Export Treemap.png
Angola -1.793 Decrease -0.64 Decrease -15
Mauritania -1.907 Decrease -0.89 Decrease -24
Mauritania treemap.png

References[edit]