List of countries by external debt

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For Net international debt by country (external debt owing to other countries minus external debt of other countries held), see Net international investment position.

This is a list of countries by external debt, the total public and private debt owed to nonresidents repayable in internationally accepted currencies, goods, or services,[1] where the public debt is the money or credit owed by any level of government, from central to local, and the private debt the money or credit owed by private households or private corporations based in the country under consideration. This is not to be confused with public debts which can be found under 'List of countries by public debt'.

For informational purposes, several non-sovereign entities are also included in this list.

Note that while a country may have a relatively large external debt (either in absolute or per capita terms), it could be a "net international creditor" if its external debt is less than the total of the external debt of other countries held by it. For example, Norway, Luxembourg, Switzerland, China and others are net international creditors.

Rank Country External debt[2]
US dollars
Date Per capita[3][4][5][6]
US dollars
% of GDP[7][8][9]
1  United States 17,997,889,181,468.20 7 December 2014 58,437 106
2  United Kingdom 9,590,995,000,000 31 March 2014 160,158 406
3  Germany 5,546,869,000,000 31 March 2014 57,755 142
4  France 5,750,152,000,000 31 March 2014 74,619 182
5  Japan 2,861,488,000,000 31 March 2014 24,000 60
6  Netherlands 2,526,895,000,000 31 March 2014 226,503 344
7  Luxembourg[note 1] 3,472,282,000,000 31 March 2014 3,696,467 3,443
8  Italy 2,651,413,000,000 31 March 2014 est. 36,841 108
9  Spain 2,305,648,000,000 31 March 2014 52,045 167
10  Ireland 239,672,886,310 30 September 2014 52,227 1,008.2
11  Australia 1,395,638,000,000 31 March 2014 est. 52,596 95
12  Belgium 1,286,918,000,000 31 March 2014 113,603 266
13   Switzerland 1,610,897,000,000 31 March 2014 154,063 229
14  Canada 1,337,445,000,000 31 March 2014 est. 29,625 64
15  Sweden 1,145,785,000,000 31 March 2014 91,487 187
16  Hong Kong 1,231,233,000,000 31 March 2014 est. 105,420 334
17  Austria 820,010,000,000 31 March 2014 90,128 200
18  China 3,000,000,000,000 31 December 2013.[10] 2,220.57 37.5
19  Norway 737,118,000,000 31 March 2014 131,220 141
20  Russia 715,819,000,000 31 March 2014 3,634 23
21  Denmark 593,221,000,000 31 March 2014 101,084 180
22  Greece 574,920,000,000 31 March 2014 47,636 174
23  Finland 577,700,000,000 31 December 2011 68,960 155
23  Portugal 548,800,000,000 30 June 2011 47,835 223
24  South Korea 425,353,000,000 31 March 2014 est. 7,567 37
25  Brazil 428,300,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 1,608 15
26  Turkey 386,786,000,000 30 June 2014 5,114 48
27  India 376,000,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 240 20
28  Mexico 352,900,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 1,956 20
29  Sweden 326,000,000,000 20 January 2014 6,586 47
30  Indonesia 251,200,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 837 28
31  Hungary 202,000,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 14,821 115
32  United Arab Emirates 163,800,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 24,273 41
33  Qatar 137,000,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 41,988 55
34  Saudi Arabia 134,000,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 3,176 19
36  Romania 132,100,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 5,082 67
37  Ukraine 142,000,000,000 31 March 2014 est. 2,995 81
38  Iceland[11][12] 116,053,000,000 2008 362,942 999
39  Thailand 140,065,000,000 31 March 2014 est. 1,292 26
40  Cyprus 106,500,000,000 31 December 2011 est. 37,812 129
41  Venezuela 105,700,000,000 [13] 31 December 2012 1,906 19
42  Kazakhstan 105,500,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 6,060 68
43  Israel 95,019,000,000 31 March 2014 est. 12,070 42
44  Chile 102,100,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 5,867 38
45  Malaysia 95,550,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 2,570 31
46  New Zealand 90,230,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 52,300 126
47  Czech Republic 108,067,000,000 31 March 2014 est. 8,260 45
48  South Africa 137,500,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 1,613 23
49  Colombia 85,140,000,000 31 July 2013 est. 1,269 20
50  Slovakia 68,440,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 10,926 68
51  Pakistan 67,000,000,000 21 May 2013 est. 366 30
52  Croatia 64,250,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 13,519 99
53  Slovenia 61,230,000,000 30 June 2011 25,555 47.6
54  Philippines 58,500,000,000 30 December 2013 est. 636 32
55  Iraq 50,268,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 1,641 64
56  Malta 48,790,000,000 30 June 2011 14,233 72
57  Egypt 48,760,000,000 31 December 2013 est. 391 14
58  Bulgaria 43,240,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 6,261 90
59  Vietnam 68,380,000,000 31 December 2013 est. 379 32
60  Sudan 39,700,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 946 55
61  Peru 52,590,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 1,126 22
62  Bangladesh 36,210,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 149 23
63  Latvia 35,340,000,000 31 December 2012 18,527 146
64  Lebanon 32,640,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 8,815 88
65  Serbia 32,600,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 4,178 80
66  Lithuania 32,840,000,000 31 December 2012 9,995 80
67  Morocco 29,420,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 712 22
68  Kuwait 28,210,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 15,754 43
69  Bahrain 25,270,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 13,261 65
70  Tunisia 24,490,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 1,779 42
71  Sri Lanka 22,820,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 881 36
72  Cuba 22,360,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 1,780 34
73  Estonia 22,228,000,000 31 December 2013 16,944 87
74  Ecuador 20,030,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 995 25
75  Angola 19,650,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 944 21
76  The Bahamas 16,680,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 1,067 6
77  Dominican Republic 16,580,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 1,162 25
78  Monaco[note 2] 16,500,000,000 31 June 2010 est. 471,428 240
79  Guatemala 16,170,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 1,216 42
80  Jamaica 14,600,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 4,660 92
81  Panama 13,130,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 3,927 52
82  El Salvador 12,840,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 1,953 53
83  North Korea 3,000,000,000 2012 est. 544
84  Costa Rica 12,040,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 1,874 24
85  Uruguay 11,610,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 3,989 33
86  Ghana 11,230,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 274 21
87  Tanzania 11,180,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 183 33
88  Uzbekistan 10,460,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 150 11
89  Nigeria 10,100,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 71 5
90  Ethiopia 9,956,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 51 14
91  Oman 9,768,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 2,962 16
92  Kenya 3,624,000,000 31 March 2014 est. 200 25
93  Iran 9,452,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 170 4
94  Bosnia and Herzegovina 9,051,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 2,052 48
95  Syria 8,818,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 373 13
96  Jordan 8,345,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 903 20
97  Georgia 8,688,742,000 31 December 2012 1,940 54.8
98  Democratic Republic of the Congo 7,644,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 197 122
99  Republic of the Congo 7,644,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 1,722 155
100  Zimbabwe 6,975,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 609 103
101  Republic of Macedonia 6,740,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 2,668 60
102  Yemen 6,726,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 293 23
103  Armenia 6,435,000,000 31 December 2012 1,584 56
104  Paraguay 5,714,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 382 13
105  Bolivia 5,604,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 275 15
106  Laos 5,599,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 900 91
107  Burma 5,448,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 117 17
108  Zambia 5,445,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 264 22
109  Albania 5,281,000,000 31 December 2012 882 23
110  Nicaragua 5,228,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 693 62
111  Moldova 5,167,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 1,296 79
112  Cambodia 5,071,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 304 37
113  Libya 5,278,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 972 9
114  Honduras 4,884,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 465 23
115  Mozambique 4,880,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 231 50
117  Papua New Guinea 4,860,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 238 16
118  Trinidad and Tobago 4,780,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 3,502 21
119  Cote d'Ivoire 4,742,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 527 51
120  Barbados 4,490,000,000 2010 est. 2,456 22
121  Algeria 4,344,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 115 3
122  Namibia 4,204,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 1,131 20
123  Uganda 4,126,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 85 17
124  Senegal 4,117,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 296 30
125  Azerbaijan 4,042,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 8,513 6
126    Nepal 3,774,000,000 31 December 2011 161 35
127  Kyrgyzstan 3,666,000,000 31 December 2012 699 81
128  Cameroon 3,343,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 164 15
129  Mauritius 2,942,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 3,937 52
130  Somalia 2,942,000,000 31 December 2010 est. 386
131  Tajikistan 2,771,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 262 35
132  Gabon 2,758,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 1,587 18
133  Mali 2,725,000,000 31 December 2012 254 88
134  Guinea 2,652,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 305 68
135  Madagascar 2,631,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 140 36
136  Burkina Faso 2,442,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 136 23
137  Mongolia 2,070,000,000 31 December 2011 686 41
138  Botswana 1,968,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 1,208 16
139  Chad 1,749,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 160 21
140  Belize 1,457,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 3,079 75
141  Seychelles 1,453,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 15,614 147
142  Niger 1,451,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 178 79
143  Afghanistan 1,280,000,000 FY10/11 92 22
144  Bhutan 1,275,000,000 2011 1,193 64
145  Guyana 1,234,000,000 31 December 2010 1,049 42
146  Equatorial Guinea 1,232,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 634 6
147  Malawi 1,214,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 77 24
148  Montenegro 1,200,000,000 2011 est. 939 24
149  Guinea-Bissau 1,095,000,000 31 December 2010 est. 722 259
150  Belarus 1,067,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 2,629 45
151  Palestine 1,040,000,000 2010 est. 414
152  Eritrea 1,026,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 195 58
153  Maldives 1,015,000,000 2011 est. 2,947 50
154  Benin 953,500,000 31 December 2012 est. 308 43
 Faroe Islands 888,800,000 2010
155  Haiti 854,700,000 31 December 2012 est. 36 5
156  Sierra Leone 827,600,000 31 December 2012 est. 340 61
157  Djibouti 802,900,000 31 December 2012 est. 573 56
158  Cape Verde 741,300,000 31 December 2012 est. 714 52
159  Swaziland 737,300,000 31 December 2012 est. 428 14
160  Lesotho 715,400,000 31 December 2012 est. 255 30
161  The Gambia 545,800,000 31 December 2012 est. 306 50
162  Grenada 538,000,000 2010 est. 3,402 74
163  Suriname 504,300,000 2005 est. 1,011 28
164  Comoros 485,400,000 31 December 2010 est. 430 115
 Aruba 478,600,000 2005 est. 4,935 21
165  Saint Lucia 471,400,000 31 December 2012 est. 1,586 32
166  Central African Republic 469,500,000 31 December 2012 est. 270 68
167  Antigua and Barbuda 458,000,000 June 2010 4,388 36
168  Turkmenistan 428,900,000 31 December 2012 est. 978 25
169  Liberia 400,300,000 31 December 2012[14] 65 22
170  Sao Tome and Principe 316,600,000 31 December 2012 est. 2,193 349
171  Vanuatu 307,700,000 31 December 2012 est. 389 22
172  Fiji 268,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 150 5
173  Dominica 253,800,000 31 December 2012 est. 3,000 75
174  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 252,200,000 31 December 2012 est. 4,477 85
175  Samoa 235,500,000 31 December 2009 est. 968 47
176  Burundi 231,700,000 31 December 2012 167 202
177  Saint Kitts and Nevis 189,100,000 31 December 2012 est. 6,408 79
178  Solomon Islands 166,000,000 2004 355 44
 Bermuda 160,000,000 FY99/00 2,575 5
179  Cook Islands 141,000,000 1996 est. 7,756
180  Tonga 118,600,000 31 December 2012 est. 799 33
181  Marshall Islands 87,000,000 2008 est. 1,377 54
 New Caledonia 79,000,000 1998 est. 385 3
 Cayman Islands 79,000,000 1998 est. 2,078 7
182  Federated States of Micronesia 60,800,000 FY05 est. 556 25
 Greenland 36,400,000 2010 1,035 5
183  Nauru 33,300,000 2004 est.
184  Kiribati 10,000,000 1999 est. 120 14
 Montserrat 8,900,000 1997
 Anguilla 8,800,000 1998
 Wallis and Futuna 3,670,000 2004
185  Niue 418,000 2002 est.
186  Singapore 0 31 March 2014 est. 0 0[15]
 Macau 0 2010 0 0
 British Virgin Islands 0 2012
187  Brunei 0 2011 0 0
188  Liechtenstein 0 2005 0 0
189  Taiwan 0 31 December 2012 est. 0 0
190  Palau 0 2000 0 0

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ As the Bank of International Settlements explains small countries with large financial sectors tend to have disproportionately large gross external debts as well as holding large cross-border debt assets.[1] Luxembourg is a net creditor country.
  2. ^ As the Bank of International Settlements explains small countries with large financial sectors tend to have disproportionately large gross external debts as well as holding large cross-border debt assets.[2] Meaning Monaco could potentially be a net creditor.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Debt – external. Definition in The World Factbook.
  2. ^ Debt - external, The World Factbook, United States Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on the 29th of June 2011.
  3. ^ World Development Indicators, World Bank. Accessed on June 29, 2011. Note: Used for Bermuda, Chad, Cyprus, Eritrea, Greenland, Federated States of Micronesia, Monaco, Netherlands, New Caledonia and Turkmenistan.
  4. ^ Total Midyear Population, U.S. Census Bureau, International Data Base, accessed on June 29, 2011. Note: Used for Aruba, Cayman Islands, Cook Islands, Cuba, North Korea, Marshall Islands, Montenegro, Samoa, Somalia, Trinidad and Tobago and West Bank.
  5. ^ The World Factbook - European Union, Central Intelligence Agency,accessed on June 29, 2011.
  6. ^ World Economic Outlook Database, April 2011, International Monetary Fund. Accessed on June 29, 2011. Note: Used for the rest of the countries.
  7. ^ World Economic Outlook Database, April 2011, International Monetary Fund. Accessed on June 29, 2011. Note: Used for Afghanistan, Albania, Antigua and Barbuda, The Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Burundi, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Comoros, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Dominica, Fiji, Georgia, Grenada, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Iceland, Kiribati, Liberia, Mali, Mongolia, Montenegro, Nepal, Niger, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Samoa, Sao Tome and Principe, Sierra Leone, Solomon Islands, Suriname, Tonga and Vanuatu.
  8. ^ .World Development Indicators, World Bank. Accessed on June 29, 2011. Note: Used for Bermuda, Cayman Islands, Chad, Cyprus, Eritrea, Greenland, Federated States of Micronesia, Monaco, Netherlands, New Caledonia and Turkmenistan.
  9. ^ GDP (official exchange rate), The World Factbook, United States Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on June 29, 2011. Note: Used for the rest of the countries.
  10. ^ Riley, Charles (2013-12-30). "China debt surges as local governments spend - Dec. 30 2013". Money.cnn.com. Retrieved 2014-02-03. China's National Audit Office said that local government obligations hit 17.9 trillion yuan ($3 trillion) by the end of June -- a dramatic increase from the 10.7 trillion yuan figure reported in 2010. 
  11. ^ Central Bank of Iceland (September 3, 2009). "External debt Q2/2009". Retrieved 2009-11-22. 
  12. ^ Statistics Iceland (September 11, 2008). "Gross domestic product 2008 – Revision". Retrieved 2009-11-22. 
  13. ^ "La Deuda Externa Aumenta 8 Y Se Ubica En 105 Mil Millones - Economia" (in Spanish). El Universal. Retrieved 2013-10-18. 
  14. ^ "Second Quarter Public Debt Management Report October 1-December 31, 2011". Liberian Ministry of Finance Debt Management Unit. Retrieved June 21, 2012. 
  15. ^ http://www.gov.sg/government/web/content/govsg/classic/factually/Factually-310812-IsitfiscallysustainableforSingaporetohavesuchahighlevelofdebt

External links[edit]