List of countries by foreign-born population

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Map of the world with countries coloured according to their immigrant population as a percentage of total population (as of 2005):
more than 50% 20% to 50% 10% to 20% 4% to 10% 1% to 4% less than 1% no data

This is a list of countries by immigrant population.

2013 report[edit]

This is a list of countries by immigrant population, based on the United Nations report Trends in International Migrant Stock: The 2013 Revision.[1]

Country Number of immigrants Percentage of
total number of
immigrants
in the world

Immigrants as
percentage of
national population

 United States 45,785,090 19.8 14.3
 Russia 11,048,064 4.8 7.7
 Germany 9,845,244 4.3 11.9
 Saudi Arabia 9,060,433 3.9 31.4
 United Arab Emirates 7,826,981 3.4 83.7
 United Kingdom 7,824,131 3.4 12.4
 France 7,439,086 3.2 11.6
 Canada 7,284,069 3.1 20.7
 Australia 6,468,640 2.8 27.7
 Spain 6,466,605 2.8 13.8
 Italy 5,721,457 2.5 9.4
 India 5,338,486 2.3 0.4
 Ukraine 5,151,378 2.2 11.4
 Pakistan 4,080,766 1.8 2.2
 Thailand 3,721,735 1.6 5.6
 Kazakhstan 3,476,233 1.5 21.1
 Jordan 2,925,780 1.3 40.2
 Hong Kong 2,804,753 1.2 38.9
 Iran 2,649,516 1.1 3.4
 Malaysia 2,469,173 1.1 8.3
 Ivory Coast 2,446,171 1.1 12.0
 Japan 2,437,169 1.1 1.9
 South Africa 2,399,238 1.0 4.6
  Switzerland 2,335,059 1.0 28.9
 Singapore 2,323,252 1.0 42.9
 Israel 2,046,873 0.9 26.5
 Kuwait 2,028,053 0.9 60.2
 Netherlands 1,964,922 0.9 11.7
 Argentina 1,885,678 0.8 4.6
 Turkey 1,864,889 0.8 2.5
 Qatar 1,600,955 0.7 73.8
 South Korea 1,445,103 0.5 2.9
 Sweden 1,130,025 0.7 15.9
 Bangladesh 1,396,514 0.6 0.9
 Syria 1,394,227 0.6 6.4
 Austria 1,333,807 0.6 15.7
 Uzbekistan 1,266,278 0.6 4.4
 Nigeria 1,233,592 0.5 0.7
 Venezuela 1,171,331 0.5 3.9
 Belgium 1,159,801 0.5 10.4
 New Zealand 1,132,828 0.5 25.1
 Oman 1,112,032 0.5 30.6
 Mexico 1,103,460 0.5 0.9
 Belarus 1,085,396 0.5 11.6
 Greece 988,245 0.4 8.9
   Nepal 971,247 0.4 3.5
 Kenya 955,452 0.4 2.2
 Portugal 893,847 0.4 8.4
 China 848,511 0.4 0.1
 Croatia 756,980 0.3 17.6
 Libya 755,974 0.3 12.2
 Ireland 735,535 0.3 15.9
 Bahrain 729,357 0.3 54.7
 Ethiopia 718,241 0.3 0.8
 Burkina Faso 696,983 0.3 4.1
 Norway 694,508 0.3 13.8
 Poland 663,755 0.3 0.9
 South Sudan 629,577 0.3 5.6
 Brazil 599,638 0.3 0.3
 Denmark 556,825 0.3 9.9
 Serbia 532,457 0.3 5.6
 Uganda 531,401 0.3 1.4
 Hungary 472,798 0.3 4.7
 Rwanda 452,406 0.2 3.8
 Democratic Republic of Congo 446,924 0.2 0.7
 Sudan 446,707 0.2 1.2
 Chad 331,251 0.2 3.4
 Czech Republic 439,116 0.2 4.0
 Republic of Congo 431,470 0.2 9.7
 Costa Rica 419,572 0.2 8.7
 Dominican Republic 402,506 0.2 3.9
 Chile 398,251 0.2 2.2
 Gabon 394,953 0.2 23.6
 Moldova 391,508 0.2 11.2
 Guinea 378,464 0.2 3.2
 Zimbabwe 360,992 0.2 2.6
 Ecuador 359,315 0.2 2.2
 Ghana 358,829 0.2 1.4
 Macau 333,269 0.2 58.8
 Sri Lanka 324,977 0.2 1.5
 Azerbaijan 323,843 0.2 3.4
 Puerto Rico 319,393 0.2 8.7
 Armenia 317,001 0.2 10.6
 Yemen 314,683 0.2 1.3
 Tanzania 312,778 0.2 0.6
 Egypt 297,448 0.2 0.4
 Indonesia 295,433 0.2 0.1
 Finland 293,167 0.2 5.4
 Cameroon 291,792 0.2 1.3
 Latvia 282,887 0.2 13.8
 Tajikistan 275,735 0.2 3.4
 Algeria 270,407 0.2 0.7
 Palestinian National Authority 256,517 0.2 5.9
 Burundi 254,477 0.2 2.5
 Benin 234,241 0.2 2.3
 Slovenia 233,293 0.2 11.3
 Luxembourg 229,409 0.1 43.3
 Kyrgyzstan 226,960 0.1 4.6
 Turkmenistan 226,327 0.1 4.3
 Liberia 225,484 0.1 5.3
 Mozambique 218,881 0.1 0.8
 Philippines 213,150 0.1 0.2
 Estonia 209,984 0.1 16.4
 Senegal 209,398 0.1 1.5
 Cyprus 207,313 0.1 18.2
 Malawi 206,578 0.1 1.3
 Brunei 206,173 0.1 49.3
 Togo 202,476 0.1 3.0
 Romania 198,839 0.1 0.9
 Mali 195,553 0.1 1.3
 Georgia 189,893 0.1 4.4
 Paraguay 185,776 0.1 2.8
 The Gambia 162,919 0.1 8.8
 Panama 158,417 0.1 3.8
 Bolivia 154,330 0.1 1.4
 Lithuania 147,781 0.1 4.9
 Botswana 146,456 0.1 7.2
 Republic of Macedonia 139,751 0.1 6.6
 Reunion 136,493 0.1 15.6
 Central African Republic 134,237 0.1 2.9
 Niger 132,294 0.1 0.7
 Colombia 129,632 0.1 0.3
 Djibouti 123,537 0.1 14.2
 Afghanistan 105,090 0.1 0.3
 Peru 104,919 0.1 0.3
 French Guiana 104,291 0.1 43.3
 Burma 103,117 0.1 0.2
 Zambia 98,907 0.1 0.7
 Guadeloupe 97,081 0.1 20.8
 Albania 96,798 0.1 3.1
 Sierra Leone 96,368 0.1 1.6
 Iraq 95,780 0.1 0.3
 Mauritania 90,206 0.1 2.3
 Angola 87,436 0.1 0.4
 Maldives 84,230 0.1 24.4
 Bulgaria 84,101 0.1 1.2
Channel Islands 82,592 0.1 51.0
 Guam 80,770 0.1 49.6
 Cambodia 75,556 0.1 0.5
 Uruguay 73,528 0.1 2.3
 Mayotte 73,107 0.2 32.9
 Guatemala 72,764 0.1 0.5
 Vietnam 68,290 0.1 0.1
 United States Virgin Islands 63,271 0.1 59.3
 New Caledonia 63,037 0.1 24.8
 Bahamas 61,343 0.1 16.3
 Martinique 60,653 0.1 15.0
 Namibia 51,448 0.1 2.2
 Bhutan 50,862 0.1 6.7
 Belize 50,860 0.1 15.0
 Morocco 50,771 0.1 0.2
 Montenegro 50,708 0.1 8.2
 North Korea 46,813 0.1 0.2
 Andorra 45,086 0.1 56.9
 Mauritius 44,997 0.1 3.6
 Isle of Man 44,688 0.1 52.0
 Suriname 41,670 0.1 7.5
 El Salvador 41,615 0.1 0.6
 Nicaragua 41,482 0.1 0.7
 American Samoa 40,845 0.1 71.2
 Haiti 38,061 0.1 0.4
 Curacao 36,865 0.1 23.2
 Tunisia 36,526 0.1 0.3
 Aruba 35,950 0.1 34.9
 Jamaica 34,907 0.1 1.3
 French Polynesia 34,830 0.1 12.8
 Iceland 34,377 0.1 10.7
 Trinidad and Tobago 32,488 0.1 2.4
 Malta 34,455 0.1 8.0
 Madagascar 34,313 0.1 0.1
 Barbados 32,280 0.1 11.3
 Antigua and Barbuda 28,733 0.1 31.9
 Honduras 27,503 0.1 0.4
 Sint Maarten 27,021 0.1 59.7
 Swaziland 25,524 0.1 2.0
 Papua New Guinea 25,441 0.1 0.4
 Somalia 24,593 0.1 0.2
 Monaco 24,299 0.1 64.2
 Northern Mariana Islands 24,155 0.1 49.9
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 23,197 0.1 0.6
 Fiji 22,828 0.1 2.5
 Laos 21,801 0.1 0.3
 Bermuda 19,066 0.1 29.1
 Guinea-Bissau 18,024 0.1 1.1
 Mongolia 17,225 0.1 0.6
 Cuba 16,177 0.1 0.1
 Eritrea 15,798 0.1 0.2
 Cape Verde 14,874 0.1 3.0
 Guyana 14,770 0.1 1.7
 Caribbean Netherlands 12,613 0.1 65.9
 Comoros 12,511 0.1 1.7
 Liechtenstein 12,208 0.1 33.1
 Saint Lucia 12,180 0.1 6.7
 Seychelles 12,079 0.1 13.0
 Timor-Leste 11,565 0.1 1.0
 Grenada 11,367 0.1 10.7
 Turks and Caicos Islands 11,356 0.1 24.8
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 10,260 0.1 9.4
 Equatorial Guinea 10,141 0.1 1.3
 Gibraltar 9,662 0.1 33.0
 British Virgin Islands 9,144 0.1 32.3
 Solomon Islands 7,870 0.1 1.4
 Anguilla 6,520 0.1 45.6
 Dominica 6,419 0.1 8.9
 Sao Tome and Principe 6,345 0.1 3.3
 Greenland 5,694 0.1 10.4
 Saint Kitts and Nevis 5,673 0.1 10.5
 Samoa 5,623 0.1 3.0
 Palau 5,590 0.1 27.8
 Tonga 5,436 0.1 4.8
 Western Sahara 4,932 0.1 0.9
 San Marino 4,399 0.1 15.4
 Faroe Islands 3,641 0.1 7.4
 Cook Islands 3,234 0.1 15.4
 Vanuatu 3,108 0.1 1.3
 Lesotho 3,095 0.1 0.1
 Wallis and Futuna 2,885 0.1 20.5
 Kiribati 2,619 0.1 2.6
 Micronesia 2,600 0.1 2.6
 Nauru 2,070 0.1 21.1
 Falkland Islands 1,975 0.1 62.1
 Marshall Islands 1,705 0.1 3.2
 Montserrat 1,321 0.1 25.9
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon 972 0.1 17.1
 Holy See 799 0.1 100.0
 Saint Helena 590 0.1 14.3
 Niue 552 0.1 37.1
 Tokelau 298 0.1 25.4
 Tuvalu 148 0.1 1.6

2005 report[edit]

This is a list of countries by immigrant population, based on the United Nations report World Population Policies 2005.[2] [3] The total immigrant population was estimated to be 186,579,300. UN member and observer states are ranked.

Rank Country Number of immigrants Percentage of
total number of
immigrants
in the world
Immigrants as
percentage of
national population
Notes
1  United States 38,355,000 20.56 12.81 2009: 38.5 million foreign-born residents, 12.5% of the total population.[4]
2  Russia 12,080,000 6.474 8.483
3  Germany 10,144,000 5.437 12.31 2011: 10.7 million foreign-born residents[5]
4  Ukraine 6,833,000 3.662 14.7
5  France 6,471,000 3.468 10.18
6  Saudi Arabia 6,361,000 3.409 25.25
7  Canada 6,200,000 3.272 18.76
8  India 5,700,000 3.055 0.517
9  United Kingdom 5,408,000 2.898 8.982
10  Spain 4,790,000 2.567 10.79 5.6 million (2009) [6]
11  Australia 4,097,000 2.196 19.93 Other sources give higher estimates.[7]
12  People's Republic of China 3,852,000 2.064 0.2944 does not include Hong Kong (SAR) and Macau (SAR)
13  Pakistan 3,254,000 1.744 1.984
14  United Arab Emirates 3,212,000 1.722 71.4
 Hong Kong 2,999,000 1.607 42.59 According to the 2006 By-Census, 60.3% of the population was born in Hong Kong, 33.5% in other parts of China, and 6.2% elsewhere.[8]
15  Israel 2,661,000 1.426 37.87
16  Italy 2,519,000 1.35 4.288 The number of immigrants has risen steeply since the publication of the UN report.[9] According to a 2010 report, the number is now close to 4.3 million.[10]
17  Kazakhstan 2,502,000 1.341 16.88
18  Ivory Coast 2,371,000 1.271 13.06
19  Jordan 2,225,000 1.193 39.01 Note the UN definition of Palestine refugees.[11]
20  Japan 2,048,000 1.098 1.599
21  Iran 1,959,000 1.05 2.861
22  Singapore 1,843,000 0.9878 42.6
 Palestinian territories 1,680,000 0.9004 45.38 Note the UN definition of Palestine refugees.[11]
23  Ghana 1,669,000 0.8945 7.548
24  Kuwait 1,669,000 0.8945 62.11
25   Switzerland 1,660,000 0.8897 22.89
26  Malaysia 1,639,000 0.8784 6.15
27  Netherlands 1,638,000 0.8779 10.05
28  Argentina 1,500,000 0.8039 3.871
29  Turkey 1,328,000 0.7118 1.814
30  Uzbekistan 1,268,000 0.6796 4.768
31  Austria 1,234,000 0.6614 14.9
32  Belarus 1,191,000 0.6383 12.21
33  Sweden 1,117,000 0.5987 12.3
34  South Africa 1,106,000 0.5928 2.332 The real figure may be much higher.[12][13][14] The 2011 Census placed the figure at 4.4%,[15] and that may be an underestimate due to xenophobia.
35  Thailand 1,050,000 0.5628 1.635
36  Bangladesh 1,032,000 0.5531 0.7277
37  Venezuela 1,010,000 0.5413 3.776
38  Syria 985,000 0.5279 5.173 Note the UN definition of Palestine refugees.[11]
39  Greece 974,000 0.522 8.662
40  Nigeria 971,000 0.5204 0.7382
41    Nepal 819,000 < 0.5 3.018
42  Tanzania 792,000 < 0.5 2.066
43  Burkina Faso 773,000 < 0.5 5.844
44  Portugal 764,000 < 0.5 7.204
45  Belgium 719,000 < 0.5 6.901
46  Poland 703,000 < 0.5 1.843
47  Croatia 661,000 < 0.5 14.52
48  Lebanon 657,000 < 0.5 16.96 Note the UN definition of Palestine refugees.[11]
49  Mexico 644,000 < 0.5 0.6017
50  New Zealand 642,000 < 0.5 15.48
51  Brazil 641,000 < 0.5 0.3439
52  Sudan 639,000 < 0.5 1.727
53  Qatar 637,000 < 0.5 75.9
54  Oman 628,000 < 0.5 24.46
55  Libya 618,000 < 0.5 10.56
56  Ireland 585,000 < 0.5 13.81
57  Ethiopia 555,000 < 0.5 0.7393
58  South Korea 551,000 < 0.5 1.152 Over 1.5 million foreign residents as of June 2013.[16]
59  Democratic Republic of the Congo 539,000 < 0.5 0.9086
60  Uganda 518,000 < 0.5 1.876
61  Serbia and Montenegro 512,000 < 0.5 4.726 The UN report was produced before Montenegro declared independence from Serbia on June 3, 2006. 822,308 foreign-born according to the 2011 Serbian Census.[17]
62  Zimbabwe 511,000 < 0.5 3.928
63  Czech Republic 453,000 < 0.5 4.413
64  Latvia 449,000 < 0.5 19.46 Note the special case of Latvian non-citizens
65  Costa Rica 441,000 < 0.5 10.19
66  Moldova 440,000 < 0.5 12.96
67  Chad 437,000 < 0.5 4.483
68  Mozambique 406,000 < 0.5 2.051
69  Guinea 406,000 < 0.5 4.318
70  Denmark 389,000 < 0.5 7.163
71  Philippines 374,000 < 0.5 0.4503
72  Sri Lanka 368,000 < 0.5 1.774
73  Kenya 345,000 < 0.5 1.007
74  Norway 655,000 < 0.5 13.1 Updated feb. 2013
75  Senegal 326,000 < 0.5 2.796
76  Hungary 316,000 < 0.5 3.136
77  Tajikistan 306,000 < 0.5 4.703
78  Cambodia 304,000 < 0.5 2.16
79  Bahrain 295,000 < 0.5 42.22
80  Republic of the Congo 288,000 < 0.5 7.202
81  Kyrgyzstan 288,000 < 0.5 5.471
82  Somalia 282,000 < 0.5 3.427
83  Malawi 279,000 < 0.5 2.165
84  Zambia 275,000 < 0.5 2.357
85  Yemen 265,000 < 0.5 1.263
 Macau 257,000 < 0.5 51.09 According to the 2006 By-Census, 42.5% of the population was born in Macau, 51% in other parts of China, and 6.5% elsewhere.[18]
86  Gabon 245,000 < 0.5 17.7
87  Algeria 242,000 < 0.5 0.7366
88  Armenia 235,000 < 0.5 7.308
89  The Gambia 232,000 < 0.5 15.29
90  Chile 231,000 < 0.5 1.406
91  Turkmenistan 224,000 < 0.5 4.634
92  Estonia 202,000 < 0.5 15.19
93  Georgia 191,000 < 0.1 4.269
94  Togo 183,000 < 0.1 2.978
95  Azerbaijan 182,000 < 0.1 2.164
96  Benin 175,000 < 0.1 2.074
97  Luxembourg 174,000 < 0.1 37.42
98  Paraguay 168,000 < 0.1 2.728
99  Slovenia 167,000 < 0.1 8.332
100  Egypt 166,000 < 0.1 0.2242
101  Lithuania 165,000 < 0.1 4.809
102  Indonesia 160,000 < 0.1 0.0718
103  Finland 156,000 < 0.1 2.962
104  Dominican Republic 156,000 < 0.1 1.754
105  Namibia 143,000 < 0.1 7.041
106  Cameroon 137,000 < 0.1 0.8394
107  Romania 133,000 < 0.1 0.596
108  Morocco 132,000 < 0.1 0.4193
109  Brunei 124,000 < 0.1 33.16
110  Slovakia 124,000 < 0.1 2.296
111  Niger 124,000 < 0.1 0.8884
112  Colombia 123,000 < 0.1 0.2697
113  Rwanda 121,000 < 0.1 1.339
114  Macedonia 121,000 < 0.1 5.949
115  Sierra Leone 119,000 < 0.1 2.154
116  Myanmar 117,000 < 0.1 0.2316
117  Cyprus 116,000 < 0.1 13.89
118  Bolivia 116,000 < 0.1 1.263
119  Ecuador 114,000 < 0.1 0.8618
120  Bulgaria 104,000 < 0.1 1.346
121  Panama 102,000 < 0.1 3.156
122  Burundi 100,000 < 0.1 1.325
123  Uruguay 84,000 < 0.1 2.426
124  Albania 83,000 < 0.1 2.317
125  Botswana 80,000 < 0.1 4.533
126  Central African Republic 76,000 < 0.1 1.882
127  Cuba 74,000 < 0.1 0.6501
128  Comoros 67,000 < 0.1 8.396
129  Mauritania 66,000 < 0.1 2.151
130  Madagascar 63,000 < 0.1 0.3386
131  Angola 56,000 < 0.1 0.3513
132  Guatemala 53,000 < 0.1 0.4141
133  Andorra 52,000 < 0.1 77.25
134  Liberia 50,000 < 0.1 1.523
135  Mali 46,000 < 0.1 0.3403
136  Swaziland 45,000 < 0.1 4.36
137  Afghanistan 43,000 < 0.1 0.144
138  Peru 42,000 < 0.1 0.1502
139  Belize 41,000 < 0.1 15.19
140  Bosnia and Herzegovina 41,000 < 0.1 0.9113
141  Tunisia 38,000 < 0.1 0.3762
142  Trinidad and Tobago 38,000 < 0.1 2.912
143  North Korea 37,000 < 0.1 0.16
144  The Bahamas 32,000 < 0.1 9.907
145  Haiti 30,000 < 0.1 0.3518
146  Nicaragua 28,000 < 0.1 0.5103
147  Iraq 28,000 < 0.1 0.0972
148  Barbados 26,000 < 0.1 9.311
149  Honduras 26,000 < 0.1 0.3609
150  Monaco 25,000 < 0.1 70.11
151  Laos 25,000 < 0.1 0.422
152  Papua New Guinea 25,000 < 0.1 0.4247
153  El Salvador 24,000 < 0.1 0.3429
154  Iceland 23,000 < 0.1 7.667
155  Mauritius 21,000 < 0.1 1.687
156  Vietnam 21,000 < 0.1 0.0249
157  Djibouti 20,000 < 0.1 2.522
158  Guinea-Bissau 19,000 < 0.01 1.198
159  Antigua and Barbuda 18,000 < 0.01 22.09
160  Jamaica 18,000 < 0.01 0.679
161  Fiji 17,000 < 0.01 2.005
162  Eritrea 15,000 < 0.01 0.3408
163  Liechtenstein 12,000 < 0.01 35.31
164  Grenada 11,000 < 0.01 10.68
165  Malta 11,000 < 0.01 2.723
166  Cape Verde 11,000 < 0.01 2.17
167  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 10,000 < 0.01 8.403
168  Bhutan 10,000 < 0.01 0.448
169  Saint Lucia 9,000 < 0.01 5.6
170  Samoa 9,000 < 0.01 4.865
171  Mongolia 9,000 < 0.01 0.3401
172  San Marino 9,000 < 0.01 32.01
173  São Tomé and Príncipe 7,000 < 0.01 4.459
174  Equatorial Guinea 6,000 < 0.01 1.19
175  Lesotho 6,000 < 0.01 0.334
176  East Timor 6,000 < 0.01 0.6336
177  Dominica 5,000 < 0.01 7.257
178  Nauru 5,000 < 0.01 38.45
179  Seychelles 5,000 < 0.01 6.199
180  Suriname 5,000 < 0.01 1.114
181  Federated States of Micronesia 4,000 < 0.01 3.687
182  Saint Kitts and Nevis 4,000 < 0.01 9.369
183  Palau 3,000 < 0.01 15.04
184  Kiribati 3,000 < 0.01 3.02
185  Cook Islands 3,000 < 0.01 16.04 Self-governing state in free association with New Zealand
186  Maldives 3,000 < 0.01 0.9119
187  Solomon Islands 3,000 < 0.01 0.6276
188  Marshall Islands 2,000 < 0.01 3.228
189   Vatican City 1,000 < 0.01 100 Due to the unique nature of the Vatican state, there are no natural citizens
190  Tonga 1,000 < 0.01 0.9804
191  Vanuatu 1,000 < 0.01 0.4739
192  Guyana 1,000 < 0.01 0.1332
193  Tuvalu 300 < 0.01 2.873
194  Niue 100 < 0.01 4.617 Self-governing state in free association with New Zealand

 Western Sahara did not supply data. Western Sahara is a disputed territory in North Africa, mostly administered by Morocco, and claimed by both Morocco and the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic. Immigration to the Moroccan-administered region is primarily from other Moroccan regions. The area administered by the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic is sparsely populated.)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Trends in International Migrant Stock: The 2013 Revision
  2. ^ “World Population Policies 2005”, United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, March 2006. ISBN 978-92-1-151420-9.
  3. ^ “International Migration 2006”, United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. United Nations Publication, No. E.06.XIII.6, March 2006.
  4. ^ “Place of Birth of the Foreign-Born Population: 2009”, United States Census Bureau.
  5. ^ "10,7 Millionen Migranten aus 194 Ländern leben in Deutschland", press release 448/12, Statistisches Bundesamt. 2012-12-18.
  6. ^ 5,598,691 foreign population in Spain (2009), Spanish National Statitistic Institute press report, INE (Spain). June 3, 2009. (Spanish)
  7. ^ http://www.immi.gov.au/media/fact-sheets/15population.htm: 5,350,000 immigrants or 25% of the population.
  8. ^ "Place of Birth", 2006 Population By-Census, Hong Kong: Census and Statistics Department, 2006, retrieved 2012-06-24 
  9. ^ “Immigrants should be citizens”, press report, ANSA. November 3, 2009.
  10. ^ “Italy wakes up to the realities of immigration”, The Guardian. February 21, 2010.
  11. ^ a b c d The UN source uses a broader definition of “immigrant” (i.e., other than “people born outside their country of residence”) for all countries where the UNRWA registers Palestine refugees, defined by UNRWA as both actual refugees of 1949 and all of their descendants. See “Palestine refugees”, UNRWA. Accessed October 25, 2011.
  12. ^ So where are Zimbabweans going?, BBC News. November 8, 2005.
  13. ^ SA population may be much larger than previously thought, Beeld June 1, 2009.
  14. ^ http://www.home-affairs.gov.za/faq.asp Reference to 1996 HSRC study
  15. ^ [1] Census in Brief
  16. ^ http://www.etoday.co.kr/news/section/newsview.php?idxno=745023
  17. ^ http://webrzs.stat.gov.rs/WebSite/Public/ReportResultView.aspx?rptKey=indId%3d1802010903IND01%26102%3dRS%26131%3d0%266%3d3%2c4%2c5%26sAreaId%3d1802010903%26dType%3dIdentificatorAndName%26lType%3dSerbianCyrillic
  18. ^ "Resident Population By Age Group, Gender, and Place of Birth", Global Results of 2006 By-Census, Macau: Statistics and Census Service, 2006, p. 200, retrieved 2012-06-24