List of countries by freshwater withdrawal

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This is a list of countries by freshwater withdrawal mostly based on The World Factbook,[1] accessed in June 2008.

Rank Country Total
withdrawal
(km³/year)
Per capita
withdrawal
(m³/year)
Domestic
withdrawal
(%)
Industrial
withdrawal
(%)
Agricultural
withdrawal
(%)
Date of
Information
1  India 645.84 585 8 5 86 2000
2  China 549.76 415 7 26 68 2000
3  United States 477 1,600 13 46 41 2000
4  Vietnam 169.39 1,072 2 2 96 2000
5  Japan 88.43 690 20 18 62 2000
6  Indonesia 82.78 372 8 1 91 2000
7  Thailand 82.75 1,288 2 2 95 2000
8  Uzbekistan 79.4 560 3 1 96 2000
9  Mexico 78.22 731 17 5 77 2000
10  Russia 76.68 535 19 63 18 2000
11  Iran 72.88 1,048 7 2 91 2000
12  Pakistan 71.39 847 8 24 68 2000
13  Egypt 68.3 923 8 6 86 2000
14  Brazil 59.3 318 20 18 62 2000
15  Bangladesh 58.34 2,194 5 2 93 2000
16  Canada 44.72 1,386 20 69 12 1996
17  Iraq 42.7 1,482 3 5 92 2000
18  Italy 41.98 723 18 37 45 1998
19  Turkey 39.78 544 15 11 74 2001
20  Germany 38.01 460 12 68 20 2001
21  Ukraine 37.53 807 12 35 52 2000
22  Sudan 37.32 1,030 3 1 97 2000
23  Spain 37.22 864 13 19 68 2002
24  Turkmenistan 35 2,360 2 17 82 2000
25  Burma 33.23 658 1 1 98 2000
26  France 33.16 548 16 74 10 2000
27  Colombia 29.19 753 17 9 74 2000
28  Philippines 28.52 343 17 9 74 2000
29  South Korea 25.47 549 36 16 48 2003
30  Kazakhstan 24.65 5,104 2 1 98 2000
31  Australia 24.06 1,193 15 10 75 2000
32  Afghanistan 23.26 779 2 0 98 2000
33  Hungary 21.03 2,082 9 59 32 2001
34  Peru 20.13 720 8 10 82 2000
35  Syria 19.95 1,048 3 2 95 2000
36  Saudi Arabia 17.32 705 10 1 89 2000
37  Azerbaijan 17.25 2,051 5 28 68 2000
38  Ecuador 16.98 1,283 12 5 82 2000
39  Madagascar 14.96 804 3 2 96 2000
40  Sri Lanka 12.61 608 2 2 95 2000
41  Morocco 12.6 400 10 3 87 2000
42  Chile 12.55 770 11 25 64 2000
43  South Africa 12.5 264 31 6 63 2000
44  Tajikistan 11.96 1,837 4 5 92 2000
45  United Kingdom 11.75 197 22 75 3 1994
46  Poland 11.73 304 13 79 8 2002
47  Portugal 11.09 1,056 10 12 78 1998
48  Argentina 10.71 235 50 4 46 2000
49    Nepal 10.18 375 3 1 96 2000
50  Kyrgyzstan 10.08 1,916 3 3 94 2000
51  Malaysia 9.02 356 17 21 62 2000
52  Korea, North 9.02 401 20 25 55 2000
53  Netherlands 8.86 544 6 60 34 2001
54  Greece 8.7 782 16 3 81 1997
55  Venezuela 8.37 313 6 7 47 2000
56  Cuba 8.2 728 19 12 69 2000
57  Nigeria 8.01 61 21 10 69 2000
58  Belgium 7.44 714 13 85 1 1998
59  Bulgaria 6.92 895 3 78 19 2003
60  Yemen 6.63 316 4 1 95 2000
61  Mali 6.55 484 9 1 90 2000
62  Romania 6.5 299 9 34 57 2003
63  Algeria 6.07 185 22 13 65 2000
64  Ethiopia 5.56 72 6 0 94 2002
65  Tanzania 5.18 135 10 0 89 2000
66  Libya 4.27 730 14 3 83 2000
67  Zimbabwe 4.21 324 14 7 79 2002
68  Cambodia 4.08 290 1 0 98 2000
69  Austria 3.67 448 35 64 1 1999
70  Georgia 3.61 808 20 21 59 2000
71  Dominican Republic 3.39 381 32 2 66 2000
72  Lithuania 3.33 971 78 15 7 2003
73  Somalia 3.29 400 0 0 100 2000
74  Paraguay 3.15 910 2 1 96 2000
75  Laos 3 507 4 6 90 2000
76  Namibia 2.95 977 30 4 66 2000
77  Belarus 2.79 286 23 47 30 2000
78  Norway 2.68 296 37 54 9 2002
79  Costa Rica 2.68 619 29 17 53 2000
80  Tunisia 2.64 261 14 4 82 2000
81   Switzerland 2.52 348 24 74 2 2002
82  Sweden 2.4 519 23 67 10 1996
83  Finland 2.33 444 14 84 3 1999
84  Mongolia 2.31 549 10 58 33 2000
85  United Arab Emirates 2.3 511 23 9 68 2000
86  Macedonia 2.27 1,118 NA NA NA cu
87  Senegal 2.22 190 4 3 93 2002
88  Niger 2.18 156 4 0 95 2000
89  New Zealand 2.11 524 48 9 42 2000
90  Israel 2.05 305 31 7 62 2000
91  Guatemala 2.01 160 6 13 80 2000
92  Czech Republic 1.91 187 41 57 2 2002
93  Zambia 1.74 149 17 7 76 2000
94  Albania 1.71 546 27 11 62 2000
95  Mauritania 1.7 554 9 3 88 2000
96  Guyana 1.64 2,187 2 1 98 2000
97  Kenya 1.58 46 30 6 64 2000
98  Guinea 1.51 161 8 2 90 2000
99  Bolivia 1.44 157 13 7 81 2000
100  Estonia 1.41 1,060 56 39 5 2002
101  Lebanon 1.38 385 33 1 67 2000
102  Oman 1.36 529 7 2 90 2000
103  Nicaragua 1.3 237 15 2 83 2000
104  El Salvador 1.28 186 25 16 59 2000
105  Ireland 1.18 284 23 77 0 1994
106  Swaziland 1.04 1,010 2 1 97 2000
107  Slovakia 1.04 193 NA NA NA cu
108  Malawi 1.01 78 15 5 80 2000
109  Jordan 1.01 177 21 4 75 2000
110  Haiti 0.99 116 5 1 94 2000
111  Cameroon 0.99 61 18 8 74 2000
112  Ghana 0.98 44 24 10 66 2000
113  Côte d'Ivoire 0.93 51 24 12 65 2000
114  Slovenia 0.9 457 NA NA NA cu
115  Honduras 0.86 119 8 12 80 2000
116  Panama 0.82 254 67 5 28 2000
117  Burkina Faso 0.8 60 13 1 86 2000
118  Suriname 0.67 1,489 4 3 93 2000
119  Denmark 0.67 123 32 26 42 2002
120  Mozambique 0.63 32 11 2 87 2000
121  Mauritius 0.61 488 25 14 60 2000
122  Uruguay 0.49 80 20 8 71 2000
123  Moldova 0.44 166 20 27 52 2000
124  Kuwait 0.44 164 45 2 52 2000
125  Bhutan 0.43 199 5 1 94 2000
126  Jamaica 0.41 155 34 17 49 2000
127  Sierra Leone 0.38 69 5 3 92 2000
128  Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0.36 6 53 17 31 2000
129  Angola 0.35 22 23 17 60 2000
130  Trinidad and Tobago 0.31 237 68 26 6 2000
131  Uganda 0.3 10 43 17 40 2002
132  Armenia 0.3 148 24 5 71 2000
133  Eritrea 0.3 68 3 0 97 2000
134  Bahrain 0.3 411 40 3 57 2000
135  Hong Kong 0.295 2008[2]
136  Qatar 0.29 358 24 3 72 2000
137  Burundi 0.29 38 17 6 77 2000
138  Latvia 0.25 108 55 33 12 2003
139  Chad 0.23 24 17 0 83 2000
140  Cyprus 0.21 250 27 1 71 2000
141  Singapore 0.19 44 45 51 4 1975
142  Botswana 0.19 107 41 18 41 2000
143  Guinea-Bissau 0.18 113 13 5 82 2000
144  Togo 0.17 28 53 2 45 2000
145  Iceland 0.17 567 34 66 0 2003
146  Rwanda 0.15 17 24 8 68 2000
147  Belize 0.15 556 7 73 20 2000
148  Benin 0.13 15 32 23 45 2001
149  Gabon 0.12 87 50 8 42 2000
150  Liberia 0.11 34 27 18 55 2000
151  Equatorial Guinea 0.11 220 83 16 1 2000
152  Papua New Guinea 0.1 17 56 43 1 1987
153  Brunei 0.09 243 NA NA NA cu
154  Barbados 0.09 333 33 44 22 2000
155  Fiji 0.07 82 14 14 71 2000
156  Luxembourg 0.06 121 42 45 13 1999
157  Lesotho 0.05 28 40 40 20 2000
158  Gambia, The 0.03 20 23 12 65 2000
159  Congo, Republic of the 0.03 8 59 29 12 2000
160  Central African Republic 0.03 7 80 16 4 2000
161  Malta 0.02 50 74 1 25 2000
162  Dominica 0.02 213 NA NA NA cu
163  Djibouti 0.02 25 84 0 16 2000
164  Cape Verde 0.02 39 7 2 91 2000
165  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 0.01 83 NA NA NA cu
166  Saint Lucia 0.01 81 NA NA NA cu
167  Comoros 0.01 13 48 5 47 1999
168  Antigua and Barbuda 0.005 63 60 20 20 1990
169  Maldives 0.003 9 98 2 0 1987

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ Total Water Management, Development Bureau, estimated yearly average, excluding import of freshwater.