List of countries by greenhouse gas emissions per capita

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Per capita GHG emissions in 2005, including land-use change
Per capita GHG emissions in 2000, not including land-use change
GHG emissions by country in 2005, including land-use change
Per capita responsibility[citation needed] for current atmospheric CO2 level, including land-use change

This is a list of countries ranked by greenhouse-gas emissions per capita in 2000. It is based on data for carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, perfluorocarbon, hydrofluorocarbon and sulfur hexafluoride emissions compiled by the World Resources Institute[1] (WRI) from a variety of sources, including CDIAC and the US Environmental Protection Agency. Bunker-fuel emissions are not included.

Two sets of per capita emissions are given, one with an estimate of the effects of land-use change (for example, cutting down forests) and one without. The former is based on regional estimates in Houghton (2003).[2] Difficulties with determining rates of deforestation and the magnitude of carbon stocks held by the remaining forests and with distributing regional carbon fluxes among individual countries mean that the land-use change components have a large margin of error, perhaps as large as +/-150% in some cases.

They are included here because, although difficult to quantify accurately at a country level, land-use change is a significant contributor to global warming. The WRI estimates that it accounted for almost a fifth of global anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions in 2000. For 2005 the data for a large number of countries only includes CO2 emissions (see note 12.)

List of countries by emissions[edit]

Per capita greenhouse gas emissions in 2000
Country Year 2000 Tonnes of CO2e
with land-use
change
Year 2000 Tonnes of CO2e
without land-use
change
Year 2005 Tonnes of CO2e
without land-use
change
Belize11,12 93.9 8.4 2.8
Qatar12 54.7 54.7 55.5
Guyana12 52.5 5.6 2
Malaysia12 37.2 6.8 5.7
United Arab Emirates1 36.8 36.8 38.8
Kuwait 30.4 30.4 35
Papua New Guinea2,12, 29.2 1.7 0.7
Brunei1,12 25.9 25.9 13.9
Australia 25.9 25.6 26.9
Antigua & Barbuda1,12 25.3 25.3 5.1
Zambia12 24.6 2.6 0.2
Canada 24.3 22.2 22.6
Bahrain 12 23.9 23.9 25.4
United States3 22.9 24.3 23.5
Trinidad & Tobago1,12 22.1 22.1 19.6
Luxembourg1 21.2 21.2 27.5
Panama12 19.7 3.6 1.9
New Zealand 19.3 18.5 18.8
Estonia 18.2 16.6 14.4
Botswana12 17.8 6.5 2.3
Ireland 16.8 17.3 16.7
Saudi Arabia 16.5 16.5 16.2
Venezuela 15.8 9.9 10
Indonesia 14.9 2.4 2.7
Equatorial Guinea12 14.5 4.6 6.7
Belgium1 14.3 14.3 13.2
Turkmenistan1 14.2 14.2 18.9
Singapore 14.1 14.1 11.3
Czech Republic 13.9 13.9 13.7
Liberia 12 13.9 1 0.1
Netherlands4 13.5 13.5 13.8
Russia 13.5 13.1 13.7
Nicaragua 12 13.4 2.5 0.8
Finland 13.1 13.3 13
Oman 12 12.9 12.9 12
Palau1,12 12.8 12.8 5.7
Brazil 12.8 4.9 5.4
Denmark5 12.5 12.5 11.5
Germany 12.3 12.3 11.9
Mongolia 11.8 11.6 11.9
Israel 11.8 11.8 11.5
Nauru1,12 11.7 11.7 11
Norway 11.4 12.1 11.2
South Korea 11.1 11 11.4
Kazakhstan1 11 11 12.7
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 11 11 10.6
Libya12 10.8 10.6 8.3
Greece 10.8 11 11.5
Japan 10.7 10.7 10.5
Myanmar 10.7 1.7 2.2
Taiwan12 10.6 10.6 11.8
Cyprus12 10.3 10.2 10.5
Slovenia 10.2 9.7 10.1
Cambodia 10.2 5.8 1.6
Austria 10 10.1 11.5
Iceland1 10 10 11.1
Peru 9.9 2.7 2.8
Paraguay12 9.9 6.1 0.6
Ukraine1 9.8 9.8 10.3
Poland 9.6 9.6 9.8
South Africa 9.5 9.5 9
Argentina 9.3 7.8 8.2
Slovakia 9.3 8.7 9.3
Spain6 9.2 9.4 10.1
Italy7 9.2 9.2 9.7
Central African Republic12 9 6.7 0.1
France8 8.7 8.8 9
Suriname12 8.6 8.6 5.3
Belarus 8.6 8 8.5
Gabon12 8.4 5.5 3.7
Ecuador 8.2 3.4 3.3
Bolivia 8.1 3.5 6.9
Cameroon12 7.6 2.4 0.4
Iran 7.6 7.5 8.2
Côte d'Ivoire12 7.5 2 0.4
Sweden 7.5 7.5 7.4
Seychelles1,2,12 7.4 7.4 7
Guatemala12 7.4 2.4 0.9
Bulgaria 7.4 7.7 8.6
Serbia & Montenegro12 7.4 7.4 4.8
Hungary 7.4 7.4 8.3
Congo, Dem. Rep. 7.4 1 1.6
Uzbekistan1,12 7.3 7.3 6.9
Portugal9 7.2 7.8 7.9
Switzerland10 7.1 7.2 7.3
Azerbaijan 6.8 6.8 5.6
Angola12 6.7 5.4 1.3
Bahamas12 6.6 6.6 6.5
Benin12 6.5 1.4 0.3
Zimbabwe12 6.5 2.7 0.8
Laos 6.4 1.9 3.1
Mexico 6.4 5.4 6.1
Nepal 6.3 1.3 1.5
Colombia 6.3 3.8 3.9
Namibia12 6.3 5.1 1.4
Chile 6.3 5.3 5.1
Malta12 6.1 6.1 6.5
Congo, Rep.2,12 6 3.2 1.4
Madagascar12 6 2.3 0.2
Croatia 5.9 6 6.9
Jamaica12 5.9 4.8 3.8
Macedonia1 5.8 5.8 5.2
Barbados1,12 5.8 5.8 4.5
Latvia 5.7 4 4.6
Mauritania1,12 5.6 5.6 0.6
Turkey 5.6 5.3 5.5
Romania 5.5 5.5 6.1
Lithuania 5.4 4.5 5.7
Costa Rica12 5.4 2.8 1.5
Lebanon 5.3 5.2 4.4
North Korea 5.2 5.1 5
Thailand 5.1 4.3 5.6
Jordan 4.9 4.9 4.2
Honduras12 4.7 2 1.1
Sudan12 4.6 3.7 0.3
Bosnia & Herzegovina12 4.5 4.5 4.3
Algeria 4.2 4.2 4.2
Iraq 4.2 4.2 4.6
Sierra Leone12 4.2 1.2 0.2
Syria12 4 4 2.7
China 3.9 3.9 5.5
Tunisia12 3.7 3.3 2.3
Dominican Republic12 3.5 3.5 1.9
St Kitts & Nevis1,12 3.3 3.3 2.8
Nigeria 3.3 1.6 2.1
Fiji2,12 3.3 3.1 2
Guinea12 3.2 2 0.2
Mauritius1,12 3.2 3.2 2.7
Cuba12 3.1 4 2.2
Togo12 3.1 1.5 0.2
Vanuatu12 3 2.9 0.4
Philippines 3 1.7 1.7
Malawi12 3 0.6 0.1
Mali12 2.9 2.2 0
Chad12 2.9 2.4 0
Sri Lanka12 2.8 1.3 0.7
Uganda 2.7 1.1 1.1
Dominica1,12 2.7 2.7 1.6
St Lucia1,12 2.7 2.7 2.2
Egypt 2.6 2.6 3
Niue1,2,12 2.6 2.6 1.7
Ghana12 2.6 1.2 0.4
Moldova1 2.5 2.5 3.2
Grenada1,12 2.5 2.5 2.2
El Salvador12 2.4 1.8 1
Guinea-Bissau12 2.4 1.6 0.2
Tanzania12 2.4 1.9 0.1
Djibouti12 2.4 2.4 0.5
Pakistan 2.3 2.1 1.5
Samoa2,12 2.3 2.2 0.8
Tonga12 2.3 2.3 1.2
Morocco12 2.2 2.1 1.6
Senegal 2.2 1.8 1.8
Albania 2.2 1.9 2.9
Georgia1 2.2 2.2 2
Armenia1 2.1 2.1 2.5
St Vincent & Grenadines1,12 2 2 1.6
Kenya12 2 1.6 0.3
Maldives1,12 1.9 1.9 2.4
Kyrgyzstan 1.9 1.9 1.9
Burkina Faso12 1.9 1.9 0.1
India 1.8 1.9 1.7
Cook Islands2,12 1.8 1.7 2.9
Bhutan12 1.7 1.7 0.6
Yemen12 1.6 1.6 0.9
Tajikistan1 1.6 1.6 0.5
Mozambique12 1.6 1.1 0.1
Rwanda12 1.6 0.7 0.1
Burundi12 1.6 0.4 0
Lesotho12 1.5 1.5 0.1
Swaziland12 1.5 3.2 0.8
Eritrea1,12 1.4 1.4 0.1
Haiti12 1.4 1.2 0.2
Solomon Islands12 1.1 0.8 0.4
Vietnam 1.1 1.7 2.1
Cape Verde1,12 1.1 1.1 0.6
Niger12 1.1 1 0.1
Ethiopia 1.1 0.9 1
São Tomé and Príncipe12 1 1 0.7
Afghanistan12 0.9 0.6 0
The Gambia12 0.9 1.1 0.2
Bangladesh 0.9 0.9 0.9
Comoros1,12 0.7 0.7 0.1
Kiribati112 0.6 0.6 0.3
Uruguay11 0.3 7.6 12.7
Asia 4.5 3.4
Europe 10.6 10.5
Middle East & North Africa 5.7 5.6
Sub-Saharan Africa 4.5 2.3
North America 23.1 24.1
Central America & Caribbean 6.3 4.5
South America 11.1 5.3
Oceania 24.2 19.1

1Compatible land-use change data not available for 2000

²Compatible PFC, HFC and SF6 data not available for 2000.

³Includes Puerto Rico, Guam and the US Virgin Islands. The WRI is ambiguous about which components are included for these additional territories. The non-land-use CO2 data includes all three; CH4, N2O, PFC, HFC and SF6 data are included for Puerto Rico and the US Virgin Islands but not for Guam; land-use change may or may not be included for any of the three.

4Not including the Netherlands Antilles.

5Not including Greenland and the Faeroe Islands.

6Including the Canary Islands.

7Including San Marino and the Vatican City.

8Including Monaco; not including Overseas Departments or French Polynesia.

9Including the Azores and Madeira.

10Including Liechtenstein.

11Average annual forest cover change as percentage of national total 1990-2000: Belize -2.3%, Uruguay +5.0%. Source: FAO.[3]

12 CH4, N2O, PFC, HFC and SF6 data not available for 2005.

See also[edit]

References[edit]