List of countries by greenhouse gas emissions per capita

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Per capita GHG emissions in 2005, including land-use change
Per capita GHG emissions in 2000, not including land-use change
GHG emissions by country in 2005, including land-use change
Per capita responsibility[citation needed] for current atmospheric CO2 level, including land-use change

This is a list of countries ranked by greenhouse-gas emissions per capita in 2000. It is based on data for carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, perfluorocarbon, hydrofluorocarbon and sulfur hexafluoride emissions compiled by the World Resources Institute[1] (WRI) from a variety of sources, including CDIAC and the US Environmental Protection Agency. Bunker-fuel emissions are not included.

Two sets of per capita emissions are given, one with an estimate of the effects of land-use change (for example, cutting down forests) and one without. The former is based on regional estimates in Houghton (2003).[2] Difficulties with determining rates of deforestation and the magnitude of carbon stocks held by the remaining forests and with distributing regional carbon fluxes among individual countries mean that the land-use change components have a large margin of error, perhaps as large as +/-150% in some cases.

They are included here because, although difficult to quantify accurately at a country level, land-use change is a significant contributor to global warming. The WRI estimates that it accounted for almost a fifth of global anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions in 2000. For 2005 the data for a large number of countries only includes CO2 emissions (see note 12.)

List of countries by emissions[edit]

Per capita greenhouse gas emissions in 2000
Rank
in 2000 with
land-use change
Rank
in 2000 without
land-use change
Rank
in 2005 without
land-use change
Country Year 2000 Tonnes of CO2e
with land-use
change
Year 2000 Tonnes of CO2e
without land-use
change
Year 2005 Tonnes of CO2e
without land-use
change
1 51 98 Belize11,12 93.9 8.4 2.8
2 1 1 Qatar12 54.7 54.7 55.5
3 76 113 Guyana12 52.5 5.6 2.0
4 64 67 Malaysia12 37.2 6.8 5.7
5 2 2 United Arab Emirates1 36.8 36.8 38.8
6 3 3 Kuwait 30.4 30.4 35.0
7 154 147 Papua New Guinea2,12, 29.2 1.7 0.7
8 4 15 Brunei1,12 25.9 25.9 13.9
9 5 5 Australia 25.9 25.6 26.9
10 6 78 Antigua & Barbuda1,12 25.3 25.3 5.1
11 119 165 Zambia12 24.6 2.6 0.2
12 9 8 Canada 24.3 22.2 22.6
13 8 6 Bahrain 12 23.9 23.9 25.4
14 7 7 United States3 22.9 24.3 23.5
15 10 9 Trinidad & Tobago1,12 22.1 22.1 19.6
16 11 4 Luxembourg1 21.2 21.2 27.5
17 102 118 Panama12 19.7 3.6 1.9
18 12 11 New Zealand 19.3 18.5 18.8
19 14 14 Estonia 18.2 16.6 14.4
20 68 105 Botswana12 17.8 6.5 2.3
21 13 12 Ireland 16.8 17.3 16.7
22 15 13 Saudi Arabia 16.5 16.5 16.2
23 41 43 Venezuela 15.8 9.9 10.0
24 123 101 Indonesia 14.9 2.4 2.7
25 90 62 Equatorial Guinea12 14.5 4.6 6.7
26 16 19 Belgium1 14.3 14.3 13.2
27 17 10 Turkmenistan1 14.2 14.2 18.9
28 18 32 Singapore 14.1 14.1 11.3
29 19 17 Czech Republic 13.9 13.9 13.7
30 173 174 Liberia 12 13.9 1.0 0.1
31 20 16 Netherlands4 13.5 13.5 13.8
32 22 18 Russia 13.5 13.1 13.7
33 121 145 Nicaragua 12 13.4 2.5 0.8
34 21 20 Finland 13.1 13.3 13.0
35 23 23 Oman 12 12.9 12.9 12
36 24 69 Palau1,12 12.8 12.8 5.7
37 87 74 Brazil 12.8 4.9 5.4
38 25 27 Denmark5 12.5 12.5 11.5
39 26 25 Germany 12.3 12.3 11.9
40 30 24 Mongolia 11.8 11.6 11.9
41 28 28 Israel 11.8 11.8 11.5
42 29 35 Nauru1,12 11.7 11.7 11.0
43 27 33 Norway 11.4 12.1 11.2
44 32 31 South Korea 11.1 11.0 11.4
45 33 22 Kazakhstan1 11.0 11.0 12.7
46 34 36 United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 11.0 11.0 10.6
47 36 52 Libya12 10.8 10.6 8.3
48 31 29 Greece 10.8 11.0 11.5
49 35 37 Japan 10.7 10.7 10.5
50 151 110 Myanmar 10.7 1.7 2.2
51 37 26 Taiwan12 10.6 10.6 11.8
52 38 38 Cyprus12 10.3 10.2 10.5
53 43 42 Slovenia 10.2 9.7 10.1
54 73 123 Cambodia 10.2 5.8 1.6
55 39 30 Austria 10.0 10.1 11.5
56 40 34 Iceland1 10.0 10.0 11.1
57 115 99 Peru 9.9 2.7 2.8
58 69 151 Paraguay12 9.9 6.1 0.6
59 42 40 Ukraine1 9.8 9.8 10.3
60 44 44 Poland 9.6 9.6 9.8
61 45 48 South Africa 9.5 9.5 9.0
62 53 53 Argentina 9.3 7.8 8.2
63 49 46 Slovakia 9.3 8.7 9.3
64 46 41 Spain6 9.2 9.4 10.1
65 47 45 Italy7 9.2 9.2 9.7
66 56 181 Central African Republic12 9.0 6.7 0.1
67 48 47 France8 8.7 8.8 9.0
68 50 75 Suriname12 8.6 8.6 5.3
69 52 50 Belarus 8.6 8.0 8.5
70 78 90 Gabon12 8.4 5.5 3.7
71 104 91 Ecuador 8.2 3.4 3.3
72 89 61 Bolivia 8.1 3.5 6.9
73 125 156 Cameroon12 7.6 2.4 0.4
74 57 54 Iran 7.6 7.5 8.2
75 136 159 Côte d'Ivoire12 7.5 2.0 0.4
76 58 56 Sweden 7.5 7.5 7.4
77 60 58 Seychelles1,2,12 7.4 7.4 7.0
78 126 142 Guatemala12 7.4 2.4 0.9
79 55 49 Bulgaria 7.4 7.7 8.6
80 61 80 Serbia & Montenegro12 7.4 7.4 4.8
81 59 51 Hungary 7.4 7.4 8.3
82 174 125 Congo, Dem. Rep. 7.4 1.0 1.6
83 62 59 Uzbekistan1,12 7.3 7.3 6.9
84 54 55 Portugal9 7.2 7.8 7.9
85 63 57 Switzerland10 7.1 7.2 7.3
86 65 70 Azerbaijan 6.8 6.8 5.6
87 79 134 Angola12 6.7 5.4 1.3
88 57 64 Bahamas12 6.6 6.6 6.5
89 162 160 Benin12 6.5 1.4 0.3
90 116 146 Zimbabwe12 6.5 2.7 0.8
91 142 93 Laos 6.4 1.9 3.1
92 80 65 Mexico 6.4 5.4 6.1
93 164 130 Nepal 6.3 1.3 1.5
94 100 88 Colombia 6.3 3.8 3.9
95 85 133 Namibia12 6.3 5.1 1.4
96 81 77 Chile 6.3 5.3 5.1
97 70 63 Malta12 6.1 6.1 6.5
98 109 132 Congo, Rep.2,12 6.0 3.2 1.4
99 128 171 Madagascar12 6.0 2.3 0.2
100 71 60 Croatia 5.9 6.0 6.9
101 88 89 Jamaica12 5.9 4.8 3.8
102 72 76 Macedonia1 5.8 5.8 5.2
103 74 83 Barbados1,12 5.8 5.8 4.5
104 96 82 Latvia 5.7 4.0 4.6
105 75 153 Mauritania1,12 5.6 5.6 0.6
106 82 73 Turkey 5.6 5.3 5.5
107 77 66 Romania 5.5 5.5 6.1
108 92 68 Lithuania 5.4 4.5 5.7
109 112 131 Costa Rica12 5.4 2.8 1.5
110 83 84 Lebanon 5.3 5.2 4.4
111 84 79 North Korea 5.2 5.1 5.0
112 93 71 Thailand 5.1 4.3 5.6
113 86 86 Jordan 4.9 4.9 4.2
114 138 136 Honduras12 4.7 2.0 1.1
115 101 162 Sudan12 4.6 3.7 0.3
116 91 85 Bosnia & Herzegovina12 4.5 4.5 4.3
117 95 87 Algeria 4.2 4.2 4.2
118 94 81 Iraq 4.2 4.2 4.6
119 166 169 Sierra Leone12 4.2 1.2 0.2
120 98 102 Syria12 4.0 4.0 2.7
121 99 72 China 3.9 3.9 5.5
122 106 106 Tunisia12 3.7 3.3 2.3
123 103 116 Dominican Republic12 3.5 3.5 1.9
124 105 97 St Kitts & Nevis1,12 3.3 3.3 2.8
125 155 112 Nigeria 3.3 1.6 2.1
126 110 114 Fiji2,12 3.3 3.1 2.0
127 139 170 Guinea12 3.2 2.0 0.2
128 107 100 Mauritius1,12 3.2 3.2 2.7
129 97 109 Cuba12 3.1 4.0 2.2
130 161 164 Togo12 3.1 1.5 0.2
131 111 155 Vanuatu12 3.0 2.9 0.4
132 152 122 Philippines 3.0 1.7 1.7
133 182 179 Malawi12 3.0 0.6 0.1
134 130 183 Mali12 2.9 2.2 0.0
135 124 186 Chad12 2.9 2.4 0.0
136 165 149 Sri Lanka12 2.8 1.3 0.7
137 169 137 Uganda 2.7 1.1 1.1
138 113 126 Dominica1,12 2.7 2.7 1.6
139 114 107 St Lucia1,12 2.7 2.7 2.2
140 117 94 Egypt 2.6 2.6 3.0
141 118 121 Niue1,2,12 2.6 2.6 1.7
142 167 158 Ghana12 2.6 1.2 0.4
143 120 92 Moldova1 2.5 2.5 3.2
144 122 108 Grenada1,12 2.5 2.5 2.2
145 148 138 El Salvador12 2.4 1.8 1.0
146 159 168 Guinea-Bissau12 2.4 1.6 0.2
147 140 175 Tanzania12 2.4 1.9 0.1
148 127 154 Djibouti12 2.4 2.4 0.5
149 135 128 Pakistan 2.3 2.1 1.5
150 131 144 Samoa2,12 2.3 2.2 0.8
151 129 135 Tonga12 2.3 2.3 1.2
152 134 127 Morocco12 2.2 2.1 1.6
153 147 119 Senegal 2.2 1.8 1.8
154 144 96 Albania 2.2 1.9 2.9
155 132 115 Georgia1 2.2 2.2 2.0
156 133 103 Armenia1 2.1 2.1 2.5
157 137 124 St Vincent & Grenadines1,12 2.0 2.0 1.6
158 158 161 Kenya12 2.0 1.6 0.3
159 141 104 Maldives1,12 1.9 1.9 2.4
160 143 117 Kyrgyzstan 1.9 1.9 1.9
161 145 182 Burkina Faso12 1.9 1.9 0.1
162 146 120 India 1.8 1.9 1.7
163 149 95 Cook Islands2,12 1.8 1.7 2.9
164 150 150 Bhutan12 1.7 1.7 0.6
165 157 141 Yemen12 1.6 1.6 0.9
166 156 129 Tajikistan1 1.6 1.6 0.5
167 170 177 Mozambique12 1.6 1.1 0.1
168 181 180 Rwanda12 1.6 0.7 0.1
169 185 184 Burundi12 1.6 0.4 0.0
170 160 171 Lesotho12 1.5 1.5 0.1
171 108 143 Swaziland12 1.5 3.2 0.8
172 163 173 Eritrea1,12 1.4 1.4 0.1
173 168 166 Haiti12 1.4 1.2 0.2
174 179 157 Solomon Islands12 1.1 0.8 0.4
175 153 111 Vietnam 1.1 1.7 2.1
176 172 152 Cape Verde1,12 1.1 1.1 0.6
177 176 178 Niger12 1.1 1.0 0.1
178 178 139 Ethiopia 1.1 0.9 1.0
179 175 148 São Tomé and Príncipe12 1.0 1.0 0.7
180 183 185 Afghanistan12 0.9 0.6 0.0
181 171 167 The Gambia12 0.9 1.1 0.2
182 177 140 Bangladesh 0.9 0.9 0.9
183 180 172 Comoros1,12 0.7 0.7 0.1
184 184 163 Kiribati112 0.6 0.6 0.3
185 56 21 Uruguay11 0.3 7.6 12.7
Asia 4.5 3.4
Europe 10.6 10.5
Middle East & North Africa 5.7 5.6
Sub-Saharan Africa 4.5 2.3
North America 23.1 24.1
Central America & Caribbean 6.3 4.5
South America 11.1 5.3
Oceania 24.2 19.1
World 6.8 5.6

1Compatible land-use change data not available for 2000

²Compatible PFC, HFC and SF6 data not available for 2000.

³Includes Puerto Rico, Guam and the US Virgin Islands. The WRI is ambiguous about which components are included for these additional territories. The non-land-use CO2 data includes all three; CH4, N2O, PFC, HFC and SF6 data are included for Puerto Rico and the US Virgin Islands but not for Guam; land-use change may or may not be included for any of the three.

4Not including the Netherlands Antilles.

5Not including Greenland and the Faeroe Islands.

6Including the Canary Islands.

7Including San Marino and the Vatican City.

8Including Monaco; not including Overseas Departments or French Polynesia.

9Including the Azores and Madeira.

10Including Liechtenstein.

11Average annual forest cover change as percentage of national total 1990-2000: Belize -2.3%, Uruguay +5.0%. Source: FAO.[3]

12 CH4, N2O, PFC, HFC and SF6 data not available for 2005.

See also[edit]

References[edit]