List of countries by incarceration rate

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A map of incarceration rates as of 3 October 2012.

This is a list of countries by incarceration rate.[1]

Incarceration rates[edit]

This list is sorted by alphabetical order instead of by incarceration rate. Click column heads to sort alphabetically or numerically. Can sort in ascending or descending order. The row number column on the left sorts independently from the columns to the right of it.

 
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Country (or dependent territory,
subnational area, etc.)
Prisoners per
100,000
population
Afghanistan 83
Albania 181
Algeria 162
American Samoa (USA) 349
Andorra 56
Angola 105
Anguilla (United Kingdom) 543
Antigua and Barbuda 389
Argentina 149
Armenia 160
Aruba (Netherlands) 233
Australia 133
Austria 98
Azerbaijan 210
Bahamas 379
Bahrain 275
Bangladesh 45
Barbados 529
Belarus 335
Belgium 108
Belize 495
Benin 77
Bermuda (United Kingdom) 411
Bhutan 145
Bolivia 140
Bosnia and Herzegovina: Federation 80
Bosnia and Herzegovina: Republika Srpska 75
Botswana 204
Brazil 274
Brunei Darussalam 125
Bulgaria 138
Burkina Faso 32
Burundi 85
Cambodia 100
Cameroon 115
Canada 118
Cape Verde (Cabo Verde) 286
Cayman Islands (United Kingdom) 330
Central African Republic 19
Chad 39
Chile 250
China 124 or 172. See notes below.
Colombia 244
Comoros 28
Congo (Brazzaville) 33
Cook Islands (New Zealand) 109
Costa Rica 314
Cote d'Ivoire 44
Croatia 108
Cuba 510
Curaçao (Netherlands) 285
Cyprus (Republic of) 108
Czech Republic 163
Democratic Republic of Congo (formerly Zaire) 35
Denmark 73
Djibouti 63
Dominica 369
Dominican Republic 247
Ecuador 173
Egypt 76
El Salvador 424
England & Wales England and Wales 148
Equatorial Guinea 132
Estonia 228
Ethiopia 111
Faeroe Islands (Denmark) 21
Fiji 172
Finland 58
France 103
French Guiana/Guyane (France) 287
French Polynesia (France) 147
Gabon 210
Gambia 53
Georgia 219
Germany 78
Ghana 55
Gibraltar (United Kingdom) 210
Greece 120
Greenland (Denmark) 301
Grenada 430
Guadeloupe (France) 188
Guam (USA) 422
Guatemala 105
Guernsey (United Kingdom) 148
Guyana 260
Haiti 95
Honduras 160
Hong Kong (China) 126
Hungary 184
Iceland 47
India 30
Indonesia 62
Iran 284
Iraq 139
Ireland, Republic of 89
Isle of Man (United Kingdom) 113
Israel 249
Italy 100
Jamaica 152
Japan 51
Jersey (United Kingdom) 165
Jordan 95
Kazakhstan 290
Kenya 121
Kiribati 138
Kosovo/Kosova 93
Kuwait 86
Kyrgyzstan 182
Laos 71
Latvia 264
Lebanon 108
Lesotho 107
Liberia 43
Libya 82
Liechtenstein 19
Lithuania 322
Luxembourg 131
Macau (China) 190
Macedonia (former Yugoslav Republic of) 147
Madagascar 83
Malawi 76
Malaysia 133
Maldives 320
Mali 32
Malta 134
Marshall Islands 68
Martinique (France) 233
Mauritania 43
Mauritius 202
Mayotte (France) 78
Mexico 211
Micronesia, Federated States of 103
Moldova (Republic of) 187
Monaco 79
Mongolia 274
Montenegro 171
Morocco 221
Mozambique 62
Myanmar (formerly Burma) 113
Namibia 182
Nauru 140
Nepal 51
Netherlands 82
New Caledonia (France) 144
New Zealand 183
Nicaragua 153
Niger 40
Nigeria 33
Northern Ireland 101
Northern Mariana Islands (USA) 267
Norway 72
Oman 36
Pakistan 41
Palau 243
Panama 383
Papua New Guinea 52
Paraguay 136
Peru 221
Philippines 113
Poland 210
Portugal 138
Puerto Rico (USA) 335
Qatar 53
Republic of (South) Korea 98
Republic of Guinea 22
Reunion (France) 126
Romania 163
Russian Federation 470
Rwanda 492
Samoa (formerly Western Samoa) 227
San Marino 0
Sao Tome e Principe 100
Saudi Arabia 162
Scotland 146
Senegal 64
Serbia 142
Seychelles 868
Sierra Leone 54
Singapore 233
Sint Maarten (Netherlands) 396
Slovakia 188
Slovenia 66
Solomon Islands 56
South Africa 294
South Sudan 65
Spain 144
Sri Lanka 105
St. Kitts and Nevis 611
St. Lucia 321
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 422
Sudan 50
Suriname 194
Swaziland 289
Sweden 60
Switzerland 87
Syria 60
Taiwan 273
Tajikistan 121
Tanzania 73
Thailand 435
Timor-Leste (formerly East Timor) 38
Togo 67
Tonga 155
Trinidad and Tobago 362
Tunisia 230
Turkey 198
Turkmenistan 224
Tuvalu 80
Uganda 102
Ukraine 271
United Arab Emirates 238
United States of America 707. See notes below.
Uruguay 289
Uzbekistan 160
Vanuatu 76
Venezuela 174
Vietnam 143
Virgin Islands (United Kingdom) 425
Virgin Islands (USA) 535
Yemen 53
Zambia 119
Zimbabwe 147

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

China[edit]

China. Same source[1] as for overall table, but more detail.[2] See also: Re-education through labor and Laogai.

North Korea[edit]

North Korea. Little information exists regarding North Korea's incarceration rate. The U.S. Committee for Human Rights in North Korea estimates 150,000 to 200,000 incarcerated based on testimony of defectors from the state police bureau, which roughly equals 600-800 people incarcerated per 100,000.[3] For more info see Prisons in North Korea.

United States[edit]

United States. Rate is for inmates held in adult facilities. For juvenile detention numbers see Youth incarceration in the United States. See notes at the bottom of the U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) source table used by the World Prison Brief to calculate the rate in the above list: "Total includes all inmates held in local jails, state or federal prisons, or privately operated facilities. Excludes inmates held in U.S. Territories (appendix tables 2 and 3), military facilities (appendix tables 2 and 4), U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement [ICE] facilities, facilities contracted by the U.S. Marshals Service, jails in Indian country, or juvenile facilities."[4] BJS has numbers for U.S. Territories, military facilities, ICE, and for jails in Indian country.[5][6][7][8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Highest to Lowest. World Prison Brief. International Centre for Prison Studies. Use dropdown menu to choose lists of countries by region, or the whole world. Use menu to select highest-to-lowest lists of prison population totals, prison population rates, percentage of pre-trial detainees / remand prisoners, percentage of female prisoners, percentage of foreign prisoners, and occupancy rate. Column headings in tables can be clicked to reorder columns lowest to highest, or alphabetically. For detailed info for each country go to the World Prison Brief main page and click on the map links and/or the sidebar links to get to the region and country desired. Data for the whole Wikipedia list was last retrieved on 1 June 2014. Some numbers may be adjusted here later according to later info, or other references.
  2. ^ China | International Centre for Prison Studies.
  3. ^ The Hidden Gulag: The Lives and Voices of "Those Who are Sent to the Mountains", 2nd ed. By David Hawk. Published April 10th 2012 by Committee for Human Rights in North Korea. ISBN 0615623670.
  4. ^ Correctional Populations in the United States, 2012 (NCJ 243936). See Table 2 in PDF. From U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics.
  5. ^ U.S. Territories. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics.
  6. ^ U.S. Military. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics.
  7. ^ Immigration and Customs Enforcement. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics.
  8. ^ Jails in Indian Country. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics.

External links[edit]