List of countries by intentional homicide rate by decade

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List of countries by homicide rate by decade per year per 100,000 inhabitants. The reliability of underlying national homicide rate data may vary.[1] Homicide demographics are affected by changes in trauma care, leading to changed lethality of violent assaults, so the homicide rate may not necessarily indicate the overall level of societal violence.[2]

1900s[edit]

Country 1900 1901 1902 1903 1904 1905 1906 1907 1908 1909
 United States [3] 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.3 2.1 3.9 4.9 4.8 4.6
 England,  Wales[4] 0.96

1910s[edit]

Country 1910 1911 1912 1913 1914 1915 1916 1917 1918 1919
 United States [3] 4.6 5.5 5.4 6.1 6.2 5.9 6.3 6.9 6.5 7.2
 England,  Wales[4] 0.81

1920s[edit]

Country 1920 1921 1922 1923 1924 1925 1926 1927 1928 1929
 United States [3] 6.8 8.1 8.0 7.8 8.1 8.3 8.4 8.4 8.6 8.4
 Japan [5][6][7][8][9] 4.14 4.05 3.75 3.25
 England,  Wales[4] 0.83

1930s[edit]

Country 1930 1931 1932 1933 1934 1935 1936 1937 1938 1939
 United States [3] 8.8 9.2 9.0 9.7 9.5 8.3 8.0 7.6 6.8 6.4
 Japan [5][6][7][8][9] 3.59 3.69 4.06 4.02 3.80 3.59 3.55 3.15 2.76 2.37
 England,  Wales[4] 0.75

1940s[edit]

Country 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945 1946 1947 1948 1949
 Mexico[10] 48.1
 United States [3] 6.3 6.0 5.9 5.1 5.0 5.7 6.4 6.1 5.9 5.4
 Japan [5][6][7][8][9] 2.10 1.97 1.61 1.50 1.25 1.27 2.36 2.48 3.12 3.32
 England,  Wales[11] 0.81 0.86 0.78 0.68
 Scotland[12] 0.72 0.59 0.66 0.47

1950s[edit]

Country 1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959
 United States[13] 4.6 4.4 4.6 4.5 4.2 4.1 4.1 4.0 4.8 4.9
 Japan [5][6][7][8][9] 3.44 3.39 3.35 3.38 3.49 3.40 2.90 2.78 2.92 2.90
 Scotland[12] 0.68 0.41 0.53 0.80 0.63 0.68 0.57 0.51 0.82 0.66
 England,  Wales[4][11] 0.79 0.75 0.91 0.74 0.70 0.63 0.71 0.71 0.58 0.59
 Northern Ireland[14] 0.00 0.22 0.36 0.50 0.21 0.21 0.29 0.50 0.00

1960s[edit]

Country 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969
 United States[13] 5.1 4.8 4.6 4.6 4.9 5.1 5.6 6.2 6.9 7.3
 Japan [5][6][7][8][9] 2.81 2.78 2.47 2.37 2.43 2.31 2.22 2.11 2.17 2.05
 Scotland[12] 0.68 0.71 1.12 0.88 0.98 1.21 1.65 1.35 1.40 1.57
 Northern Ireland[14] 0.84 0.42 0.35 0.07 0.07 0.27 0.40 0.53 0.33 0.79
 England,  Wales[4][11] 0.62 0.57 0.64 0.65 0.63 0.68 0.76 0.73 0.74 0.68

1970s[edit]

Country 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979
 Lesotho[15] 141
 Bahamas[15] 23
 Lebanon[15] 20
 Jamaica[16] 8 8 10 12 10 13 18 20 18 17
 Netherlands Antilles[15] 12
 Iraq[15] 12
 Sri Lanka[15] 12
 Guyana[15][16] 22 11 12
 Cyprus[15] 11
 Trinidad and Tobago[15] 10
 United States[13] 7.9 8.6 9.0 9.4 9.8 9.6 8.8 8.8 9.0 9.7
 Northern Ireland[14] 0.91 7.99 24.58 13.10 13.45 15.62 18.38 8.08 5.56 8.87
 Finland[17] 3.3 2.8 3.0 2.7
 Canada[17] 3.0 2.8 3.0 2.7
 Australia[17] 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.8
 New Zealand[17] 1.1 1.8 1.9 1.6
 Italy[17] 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.6
 Belgium[17] 0.9 0.9 1.6
 Japan [5][6][7][8][9] 1.90 1.83 1.91 1.88 1.73 1.87 1.87 1.78 1.62 1.60
 Scotland[12] 1.59 1.38 1.62 1.47 1.49 1.49 2.03 2.03 1.50 1.42
 Austria[17] 2.0 1.3 1.4 1.3
 Germany[17] 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.1
 France[17] 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.1
 England,  Wales[11] 0.69 0.83 0.83 0.79 1.06 0.90 0.99 0.85 0.95 1.10
 Denmark[17] 0.7 0.7 0.5 1.0
 Netherlands[17] 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.9
 Ireland[17] 0.3 0.9 0.7 0.9
 Norway[17] 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.9
Greece  Greece[17] 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.7

1980s[edit]

Country 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
 Colombia[18] 32 37 36 31 35 41 48 53 62 68
 Brazil[19][20] 11.7 12.5 12.5 13.7 15.2 14.9 15.1 16.7 16.6 20.2
 Mexico[10] 17 18 17 16 20 21 20 19 19
 Jamaica[16] 42 23 19 18 21 19 20 19 17 18
 Venezuela[21] 8 8 9 13
 Soviet Union[17] 9.6 12.4
 Guyana[16] 13 15 14 15 17 16 18 10 12 12
 United States[13] 10.2 9.8 9.1 8.3 7.9 7.9 8.6 8.3 8.4 8.7
 Northern Ireland[14] 6.05 6.63 6.74 5.87 4.17 3.89 5.52 6.91 7.33 4.72
 Finland[17] 3.3 2.7 2.8 3.1 2.7 2.7 3.3 2.7 2.8 3.2
 Italy[17] 1.9 1.9 2.1 1.9 1.6 1.5 1.3 1.6 1.9 2.2
 New Zealand[17] 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.6 1.2 2.0 2.2 2.0 1.7 2.2
 Australia[17] 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.4 2.1
 Canada[17] 2.1 2.3 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.1 2.0 2.2 1.9 2.1
 Scotland[12] 1.66 1.64 1.53 1.77 1.67 1.54 1.54 1.92 1.57 1.79
 Belgium[17] 1.5 1.8 1.7 2.1 1.6 1.5 1.3
 Norway[17] 1.1 1.3 1.0 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.6 1.4 1.2 1.3
 Denmark[17] 1.3 1.4 1.0 1.2 1.0 1.4 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.2
 Austria[17] 1.2 1.3 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.1
 France[17] 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.0 1.1
 Germany[17] 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.0
 Netherlands[17] 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.9 1.0 0.9 0.9 1.0
 Spain[17] 0.9 1.0
 Japan [5][6][7][8][9] 1.44 1.49 1.46 1.46 1.47 1.38 1.87 1.30 1.17 1.06
 England,  Wales[11] 1.11 1.01 1.12 0.97 1.08 1.07 1.12 1.19 1.09 1.04
 Greece[17] 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.8 1.1 0.8
 Ireland[17] 0.7 2.0 0.6 0.8 0.6 0.6 0.8 1.1 0.8 0.6

1990s[edit]

Country 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
 Swaziland[22] 90.77 88.48
 Colombia[23][24] 70.0 79.0 78.0 76.0 71.0 66.0 67.8 63.3 56.6 58.6
South Africa South Africa[25] 70 68 64 60 59 55
 Albania[26] 6.46 7.55 46.39
 Honduras[27][28] 35 43 43 41
 El Salvador[29] 36
 Jamaica[16] 23 23 26 26 28 31 37 42 37 33
 Venezuela[30] 13 12 16 20 22 20 22 18 19 25
 Brazil[23] 18.6 17.5 15.6 16.7 17.5 19.3 24 25 26 25
 Guatemala[31][32] 29 34 33 32 35 37 31 24
 Soviet Union/ Russia[17] 14.2 15.2 23.0 30.6 21.9 21.5 19.9 18.03 19.27
 Belize[33][34] 9 10 10 13 17.1
 Kazakhstan[26] 15.23 16.49 16.33
 Bahamas[26] 14.39 17.96 15.92
 Mexico[23] 16.6 16.7 17.8 16.7 16.0 15.4 15.4 14.6 14.93 15.13
 Guyana[16] 13 12 25 14 16 14 14 11 11 15
 Ecuador[23] 9.8 10.8 11.4 12.2 10.6 13.4 14.0 12.4 15.1 14.8
 Puerto Rico[35] 14.6
 Dominican Republic[36] 14.39
 Botswana[37] 12.87
 Paraguay[22] 16.40 11.83
 Estonia[22][26] 16.58 14.60 12.21 13.94 11.32
 Nicaragua[38][39] 12 13 15 14 13 16 15 15 13 11
 Zambia[22] 9.02 10.85
 Peru[26] 12.52 12.13 10.28
 Sri Lanka[26] 8.91 9.70 9.98
 Panama[39][40] 12 12 12 12 12 14 9 12 10 9.8
 Belarus[22][26] 9.29 9.42 9.94 10.26 9.74
 Latvia[22][26] 11.45 10.76 11.03 10.21 9.50
 Uganda[26] 8.92 9.15 9.45
 Papua New Guinea[22] 10.28 8.99
 Kyrgyzstan[22][26] 11.85 11.34 9.47 8.86 8.90
 Barbados[22] 7.54 8.64
 Ukraine[22][26] 8.55 9.58 8.35 8.34 8.52
 Thailand[22][26] 7.65 7.46 7.90 9.56 8.39
 Lithuania[22][26] 13.51 10.92 10.55 8.40 8.35
 Philippines[22] 8.12 7.69
 Trinidad and Tobago[41] 7.66
 Tajikistan[26] 6.27 7.47 7.63
 Moldova[22][26] 8.39 7.91 8.14 7.49 7.62
 Tanzania[26] 7.12 7.49 7.52
 Argentina[23] 4.5 3.8 4.1 3.6 3.9 7.83 8.52 9.15 7.22 7.29
 Zimbabwe[22][26] 6.85 6.73 7.18 6.38 7.04
 Costa Rica[22][26][38] 5 4 5 5 5 5.45 5.53 6.06 6.13 6.57
 Yemen[22] 3.70 6.02
 United States[13] 9.4 9.8 9.3 9.5 9.0 8.22 7.41 6.80 6.3 5.7
 Georgia[22][26] 7.22 4.98 5.25 4.47 4.86
 Poland[17] 2.8 2.9 2.7 2.4 2.21 2.26 2.09 4.83 4.70
 Andorra[26] 9.36 4.69
 Armenia[22] 3.82 4.10
 Uruguay[22] 3.71 4.11
 Bulgaria[22][26] 5.88 5.24 4.79 4.61 3.98
 Seychelles[22] 8.88 3.75
 India[22][26] 4.03 3.98 3.90 3.94 3.72
 Azerbaijan[22][26] 5.90 5.29 3.74 3.54 3.03
 Portugal[17] 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.7 4.11 3.94 3.83 3.41 2.99
 Finland[17] 3.2 3.1 3.4 3.3 2.9 2.86 2.99 2.70 2.19 2.77
 Israel[26] 2.02 2.06 2.67
 Slovakia[22] 2.37 2.61
 Malaysia[22][26] 1.92 2.12 2.49 2.83 2.59
 Northern Ireland[14] 5.12 7.48 6.80 6.46 5.22 1.44 2.33 2.51
 Hungary[17] 4.0 4.1 3.5 3.1 2.89 2.66 2.85 2.86 2.50
 Croatia[26] 3.48 2.56 2.48
 Maldives[26] 0.82 2.35
 South Korea[22][26] 1.31 1.40 1.56 2.10 2.12
 China[26] 2.27 2.09 2.12
 Romania[22][26] 3.34 3.19 3.07 2.49 2.07
 Tonga[26] 2.06 2.05 2.04
 Mauritius[22][26] 2.23 3.00 2.09 2.67 1.96
 Macedonia[22] 2.38 1.88
 Australia[17] 2.0 1.9 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.80 1.70 1.73 1.52 1.81
 Austria[17] 1.6 1.3 1.5 1.3 2.5 2.2 2.2 1.8
 Scotland[12] 1.53 1.57 2.56 2.23 2.10 2.57 2.32 1.72
 Czech Republic[17] 1.8 2.0 2.2 2.8 1.70 1.68 1.81 1.69 1.67
 France[17] 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.1 2.4 2.3 2.0 1.6 1.65 1.63
 Chile[23] 2.7 2.9 2.5 2.2 2.5 5.09 4.88 4.68 1.52 1.60
 Fiji[26] 3.02 1.62 1.60
 Canada[42] 2.4 2.7 2.6 2.2 2.0 1.82 1.92 1.73 1.68 1.58
 Netherlands[17][43] 0.9 1.1 1.73 1.79 1.58 1.83 1.65 1.81 1.51 1.50
 Greece[17] 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.44 1.61 1.93 1.68 1.48
 England,  Wales[11] 1.09 1.22 1.13 1.10 1.22 1.28 1.12 1.24 1.43 1.45
 Belgium[17] 1.4 1.2 1.40 1.18 1.42
 Italy[17] 2.1 2.8 2.2 2.3 1.8 1.77 1.66 1.52 1.52 1.40
 Slovenia[22][26] 2.21 1.91 1.81 0.71 1.26
  Switzerland[17] 1.3 1.4 1.6 1.16 1.17 1.23 1.07 1.25
 Germany[17] 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.7 1.68 1.53 1.44 1.19 1.22
 Spain[17] 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 2.7 0.62 0.62 0.54 1.18 1.16
 Tunisia[22] 0.87 1.07
 Japan [5][6][7][8][9] 0.98 0.99 0.99 1.02 1.02 0.97 1.02 1.10 1.00 1.06
 New Zealand[17] 2.3 1.9 2.3 2.1 2.1 1.09 1.29 1.60 1.19 1.05
 Ireland[17] 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 1.19 1.16 1.04 1.02 1.01
 Singapore[22][26] 1.71 1.02 1.26 0.94 1.01
 Indonesia[22] 0.86 1.01
 Denmark[17] 1.0 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.5 1.15 1.31 1.67 0.92 0.98
 Bahrain[26] 0.87 1.34 0.97
 Jordan[26] 0.83 1.04 0.95
 Kuwait[26] 0.94
 Hong Kong[22][26] 1.19 1.16 1.54 0.95 0.86
 Saudi Arabia[22] 0.47 0.85
 Norway[17] 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.0 0.8 0.99 0.98 0.86 0.86 0.83
 Cyprus[26] 1.23 1.35 0.80
 Iceland[22] 0.72

2000s[edit]

Country 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
 El Salvador[44] 60 60 47 56 65 62 65 57 52 71
 Honduras[45][46][47] 50 54 56 34 32 35 43 50 58 67
 Jamaica[44] 34 44 40 37 55 62 50 58 60 62
 Guatemala[46][48] 26 25 31 35 36 42 45 45 49 52
 Saint Kitts and Nevis[44] 13 13 11 21 23 16 34 32 45 52
 Venezuela[49] 33 32 38 44 37 37 45 48 52 49
 Trinidad and Tobago[50] 10 13 15 20 22 33 31 33 46 43
 Colombia[51][52] 64 64 67 52 45 39 37 37 34 39
 South Africa[53][54] 50 48 48 43 40 40 41 39 37 34
 Belize[46][55] 16 25 33 25 29 30 33 31 32 29
 Bahamas[44] 21 16 16 16 14 17 19 24 22 25
 Dominican Republic[36][44] 14 13 14 21 25 26 23 22 25 24
 Panama[46][56] 10 10 12 11 10 11 11 13 20 24
 Brazil[44] 30 31 32 33 31 29 31 29 30 23
 Saint Lucia[44] 15 21 26 22 22 21 23 15 23 23
 Dominica[44] 2.9 1.44 13 12 12 12 7.3 10 10 19
 Ecuador[44][57] 17 16 16 14 18 18 21 21 22 19
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines[44] 19 11 19 17 25 22 12 33 25 18
 Guyana[44] 10 11 19 28 18 19 22 15 21 16
 Mexico[58] 11 10 10 10 9.0 9.5 9.9 8.2 13 18
 Russia[59][60][61][62] 28 30 31 29 27 25 20 18 17 15
 Nicaragua[44][46][63] 9.4 10 11 12 11 12 12 13 13 14
 Paraguay[22][64][65] 12 17 17 15 12 12
 Costa Rica[44][46][66] 6.4 6.4 6.3 7.2 6.6 7.8 8.0 8.3 11 11
 Kazakhstan[44] 16 15 13 13 14 12 12 11 11
 Uganda[65][67] 8.0 7.4 8.7 9.1 6.3 8.7
 Indonesia[44][65] 8.9 8.1
 Kyrgyzstan[44] 8.3 7.7 8.2 8.4 8.3 9.7 8.8 8.1 8.0 7.9
 Mongolia[44][64][65][67] 14 13 12 12 11 7.9 7.6
 Pakistan[44] 6.2 6.5 6.2 6.1 6.2 6.1 6.2 6.4 7.2 7.3
 Estonia[68][69] 10 10 10 14 9.4 12 8.9 8.2 7.8 7.1
 Barbados[44] 7.5 9.3 9.3 12 8.1 9.2 13 9.2 8.5 7.0
 Bolivia[44] 6.5 5.7 7.6 7.5 6.9
 Uruguay[44] 6.4 6.6 6.9 5.9 6.0 5.7 6.1 5.8 6.6 6.8
 Grenada[44] 15 5.9 14 8.8 5.9 11 12 11 14 6.7
 Moldova[44] 10 10 10 9.1 7.9 7.1 6.9 5.9 6.4 6.7
 Lithuania[44] 9.9 10 7.2 9.3 8.4 8.9 7.4 7.0 7.1 5.6
 Philippines[44] 7.4 7.4 8.1 7.8 7.6 7.5 7.1 6.7 6.5 5.4
 Thailand[44] 8.1 7.9 7.0 9.8 6.5 7.2 7.0 6.5 5.8 5.4
 Ukraine[44] 9.8 10.0 8.9 8.5 8.0 7.1 6.9 6.3 5.9 5.4
 Peru[44] 3.2 3.0 2.7 2.9 3.0 2.9 2.7 3.0 5.2
 United States[70][71] 5.5 5.6 5.6 5.7 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.6 5.4 5.0
 Belarus[44] 10 9.7 9.9 8.9 8.3 8.4 7.5 6.7 5.6 4.9
 Latvia[72] 9.2 9.0 8.8 9.4 8.6 5.5 6.5 5.1 5.2 4.8
 Georgia[44] 5.0 5.6 6.3 6.6 6.2 9.0 7.3 7.5 6.0 4.7
 Cuba[44] 5.8 5.9 7.0 6.4 6.5 6.2 5.5 5.5 4.6
 Sri Lanka[44][65][67] 6.4 6.7 6.3 10 8.4 7.4 4.6
 Suriname[44] 4.6 17 12 12 14 14 12 8.8 8.3 4.6
 Turkmenistan[44] 7.7 7.1 5.8 5.3 5.1 4.9 4.4
 Mauritius[44] 2.2 2.3 2.5 2.9 2.8 2.9 3.9 3.5 3.7 4.2
 Yemen[22][65] 4.0 3.5 3.2 4.5 4.4 4.0 4.0
 Montenegro[73][74] 4.4 3.2 2.3 3.5 4.0 1.62 3.7 3.8
 Turkey[68][73] 10.0 8.6 8.3 7.6 7.1 7.0 6.6 4.3 3.8
 Taiwan[75] 5.1 4.8 5.2 4.7 4.0 4.0 4.0 3.8 3.5 3.6
 Cambodia[44] 4.6 3.2 3.3 3.9 3.9 3.4
 India[44][76] 4.2 4.0 3.9 3.5 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.4 3.4
 Argentina[44] 7.2 8.2 9.2 7.6 5.9 5.5 5.3 5.3 5.8 3.4
 Chile[77] 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.5 3.7
 Kosovo[74] 4.5 3.2
 Uzbekistan[44] 4.3 4.3 4.2 3.8 3.7 3.5 3.3 3.1 3.1
 Iran[44][67] 2.6 2.9 3.0
 Albania[44] 9.0 6.8 5.8 4.6 3.8 4.2 2.8 3.3 2.9
 Libya[65] 2.2 2.9
 South Korea[44][78] 2.0 2.3 2.1 2.1 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.9
 Fiji[65] 3.1 2.8
 Liechtenstein[68][74] 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.9 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.8 2.8
   Nepal[44] 2.6 3.4 3.4 2.9 3.5 3.3 2.3 3.1 3.2 2.8
 Bangladesh[79] 2.6 2.4 2.3 2.6 2.3 2.7 2.4 2.6 2.6
 Maldives[65][67][80] 2.5 2.8 1.28 1.73 3.0 2.6
 Syria[44] 2.2 2.3 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.3 2.4 2.8 2.7
 Finland[44] 2.9 3.0 2.5 2.0 2.8 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.3
 Malaysia[22][64][65] 2.4 2.3 2.0 2.3
 Armenia[44] 3.0 2.9 2.3 2.2 2.4 1.79 2.4 2.3 2.5 2.2
 New Zealand[81] 1.63 1.55 1.87 1.61 1.47 1.77 1.53 1.54 1.55 2.2
 Serbia[44][74] 2.5 2.7 2.1 2.2 1.59 1.89 1.76 2.4 2.0 2.2
 Azerbaijan[22][44][65][67][80] 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.2 2.4 2.4 2.2 2.0 2.1
 Israel[44] 2.4 3.6 3.6 3.2 2.7 2.5 2.8 1.94 2.3 2.1
 Cyprus[68][74] 1.16 1.00 0.43 2.1 2.1 2.0 1.57 1.41 1.14 2.0
 Romania[68][74] 2.5 2.7 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.1 2.0 1.93 2.3 1.96
 Bulgaria[44] 4.1 3.9 3.2 3.2 3.1 2.5 2.4 2.2 2.3 1.91
 Vietnam[65] 3.8 1.72 1.85 1.85
 Canada[82][83][84][85] 1.78 1.78 1.86 1.74 1.95 2.05 1.86 1.80 1.83 1.81
 Bosnia and Herzegovina[74][77] 3.9 1.80 1.85 1.93 1.72 1.80 1.76
 Tajikistan[44] 4.6 3.7 2.9 2.6 2.2 2.4 4.3 2.3 1.76
 Macedonia[44] 2.7 3.0 3.5 2.4 2.8 2.6 2.5 2.1 1.75 1.75
 Belgium[44] 2.1 2.8 3.1 2.2 2.6 2.1 2.1 2.0 1.87 1.74
 Czech Republic[73][86] 2.7 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2 1.82 2.3 1.90 1.94 1.74
 Jordan[77] 1.91 1.83 1.20 1.74
 Myanmar[44] 2.3 2.0 1.78 1.67 1.61 1.46 1.67 1.60
 Slovakia[44] 2.6 2.4 2.6 2.7 2.3 1.96 1.64 1.64 1.73 1.54
 Hungary[44] 2.0 2.5 2.0 2.3 2.1 1.63 1.73 1.53 1.47 1.39
 Kuwait[65][80] 1.71 0.99 1.15 1.38
 Morocco[44] 1.60 1.86 1.57 1.71 1.56 1.54 1.62 1.67 1.36 1.37
 Greece[44] 0.98 0.91 0.65 1.03 0.84 0.96 0.74 1.03 1.21 1.35
 Ireland[68][87] 1.48 1.51 1.51 1.31 1.12 1.58 1.66 1.97 1.25 1.35
 Australia[88] 1.89 1.79 1.86 1.71 1.50 1.48 1.56 1.35 1.37 1.34
 Andorra[65] 1.30
 Poland[68][74] 2.2 2.0 1.87 1.72 1.64 1.45 1.28 1.38 1.21 1.29
 Egypt[44] 0.66 0.44 0.70 0.39 0.87 1.01 1.24
 Portugal[44] 1.12 1.01 1.14 1.42 1.37 1.28 1.47 1.74 1.17 1.22
 Bhutan[44][89] 3.2 3.2 3.1 0.80 2.3 1.67 1.33 1.16 1.00 1.17
 United Kingdom[44] 1.71 1.79 2.1 1.75 1.60 1.38 1.42 1.46 1.26 1.17
 China[44] 2.0 1.89 1.90 1.59 1.37 1.22 1.12
 Croatia[44] 2.5 1.85 1.79 1.55 1.87 1.53 1.67 1.40 1.61 1.11
 France[68][74] 1.74 1.72 1.82 1.60 1.59 1.55 1.40 1.30 1.31 1.09
 Saudi Arabia[44] 0.86 1.11 1.33 1.12 1.30 1.24 1.03 1.04
 Denmark[68][73][90] 1.48 1.16 1.08 1.52 1.11 1.29 0.83 0.84 0.97 1.01
 Luxembourg[68][74] 0.92 1.37 0.90 0.70 0.44 0.87 1.92 1.47 1.45 1.01
 Sweden[68][74] 1.00 0.95 1.11 0.93 1.21 0.90 1.03 1.25 0.89 0.99
 Italy[44] 1.31 1.24 1.12 1.24 1.23 1.04 1.06 1.06 1.03 0.98
 Malta[68][73][74] 1.05 1.28 1.27 0.00 1.75 0.99 0.00 0.98 1.46 0.97
 Netherlands[91] 1.13 1.26 1.21 1.25 1.17 1.07 0.78 0.87 0.91 0.93
 Qatar[44] 0.17 0.61 0.84 0.73 0.20 2.5 0.93
 United Arab Emirates[67] 1.12 0.63 1.36 0.92
 Spain[68][74] 1.38 1.43 1.38 1.41 1.23 1.20 1.09 1.08 0.90 0.90
 Germany[92] 1.25 1.14 1.17 1.06 1.06 1.06 0.98 0.92 0.88 0.86
 Bahrain[64][65][67] 0.43 0.98 0.55 0.94 0.53 0.77
  Switzerland[68][74] 0.96 1.19 1.19 1.00 1.07 1.01 0.80 0.68 0.71 0.66
 Norway[93] 1.18 0.73 0.86 1.05 0.85 0.63 0.97 0.70 0.57 0.65
 Slovenia[44] 1.81 1.41 1.81 1.05 1.40 1.00 0.60 1.24 0.55 0.64
 Austria[68][74] 1.02 0.87 0.81 0.62 0.72 0.66 0.73 0.54 0.55 0.51
 Singapore[44] 0.94 0.75 0.55 0.59 0.46 0.49 0.39 0.39 0.38 0.51
 Japan[5][6][44] 0.65 0.62 0.62 0.60 0.56 0.50 0.49 0.44 0.46 0.40
 Iceland[68][74] 1.79 0.35 1.40 0.00 1.03 1.02 0.00 0.65 0.00 0.31
 Monaco[65] 3.1 3.1 3.1 0.00 0.00

2010s[edit]

Country 2010 2011 2012 2013 Count (most recent)
 Honduras[44][46][47] 78 87 86 7,172
 El Salvador[44][46][94] 66 71
 Saint Kitts and Nevis[44][95][96] 38 68
 Venezuela[49][97] 45 47 51 14,852
 Belize[44][46][98][99] 42 39 124
 Guatemala[44][46][100] 41 39 5,681
 Jamaica[44][101] 52 39 1,133
 Bahamas[102] 27 37
 Colombia[52] 38 36 34 15,727
 South Africa[103] 32 31 31 16,259
 Dominican Republic[44][104] 25 25 2,513
 Trinidad and Tobago[50][105] 37 28 352
 Brazil[106] 27 27 52,198
 Dominica[44] 22 15
 Saint Lucia[44][107] 25 22 44
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines[44] 22 19 21
 Panama[44][46][108] 22 20 759
 Guyana[44] 18 17 130
 Ecuador[109] 18 16
 Mexico[58][110] 18 20 19 15 18,143
 Nicaragua[44][46] 13 13 738
 Grenada[44] 12 12
 Paraguay[44] 12 734
 Russia[61][111] 13 12 13,826
 Barbados[44] 11 31
 Costa Rica[112] 12 10 474
 Bolivia[44] 8.9 7.7 775
 Moldova[44] 7.4
 Haiti[44] 6.9 689
 Antigua and Barbuda[44] 6.8 6
 Uruguay[44] 6.1 5.9 199
 Estonia[69] 6.3 7.5 6
 Thailand[44] 5.3 4.8 3,307
 Ukraine[44] 5.2 1,963
 United States[113][114] 4.8 4.7 4.7 14,827
 Georgia[44] 4.1 2.5 107
 Latvia[72] 3.6 4.1
 India[115] 3.2 3.2 2.8 34,434
 Chile[44] 3.2 3.7 636
 Taiwan[75] 3.2 3.0 2.7 624
 Bangladesh[79] 2.7 2.7 2.8 4,114
 Lebanon[44] 2.2 95
 Israel[44][116] 2.1 2.0 151
 Macedonia[44] 1.94 43
 Czech Republic[117] 1.67
 Finland[118] 2.1 2.1 1.64 89
 Canada[119][120] 1.62 1.73 1.56 543
 Morocco[44] 1.40 1.40
 England,  Wales[121][122][123] 1.23
 Australia[124] 1.16
 Poland[44] 1.10
 Ireland[87] 1.30 0.96
 New Zealand[81] 1.76 1.41 0.95 42
 Italy[125] 0.87
 Netherlands[126] 0.87 0.86 0.87 145
 Sweden[127] 0.97 0.86
 Denmark[90] 0.85 0.85
 Germany[92][128] 0.84 0.81 0.7
 Spain[129] 0.72
 Norway[93] 0.68
 Austria[130] 0.56
 Japan[131] 0.36 0.35

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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