List of countries by leading trade partners

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For most countries in the world, their leading export and import trading partner in terms of value is either the European Union, or to a lesser degree, the United States. Other countries like China, Japan, Russia, Brazil and South Africa are emerging as significant markets or source countries in different parts of the world.

Individually for each European Union member trade with all other European Union members collectively is greater than any other trading partner. The European Union and the United States are each other's largest export market. However both the European Union and the United States have China as their largest origin of imports. China's own largest source of imports is South Korea,[1] which in turn has China as its largest import and export trading partner. In other parts of the world the European Union or the United States is the largest trading partner, however other leading trading countries may be the most prominent in certain countries. Brazil, Russia and South Africa are becoming increasingly dominant in their respective regional areas.[citation needed]

Some isolated countries depend on a larger neighbour to be their largest trading partner - Venezuela is Cuba's key export market, while Uzbekistan is the leading origin of imports into Tajikistan and Afghanistan, its landlocked neighbours.

The largest import and export merchandise trade partners for most countries of the world are listed below. Details for the European Union, Hong Kong and Macau are also included. In most cases the data relates to 2009 rankings. Data was extracted from the World Trade Organization's Trade Profile Database[2]

Colour indicate leading merchandise export destination for indicated country (EU aggregated), c2007-10
Colour indicate leading source of merchandise imports for indicated country (EU aggregated), c2007-10
Country Leading export market Leading import source
 Afghanistan Pakistan Uzbekistan
 Albania European Union European Union
 Algeria European Union European Union
 Angola n/a n/a
 Antigua and Barbuda Netherlands Antilles United States
 Argentina Brazil Brazil
 Armenia European Union European Union
 Australia China European Union
 Austria European Union European Union
 Azerbaijan Turkey Russia
 Bahamas United States United States
 Bahrain Saudi Arabia European Union
 Bangladesh European Union China
 Barbados United States United States
 Belarus European Union Russia
 Belgium European Union European Union
 Belize United States United States
 Benin China European Union
 Bhutan India India
 Bolivia Brazil Brazil
 Bosnia European Union European Union
 Botswana European Union South Africa
 Brazil European Union European Union
 Brunei Japan Malaysia
 Bulgaria European Union European Union
 Burkina Faso Togo European Union
 Burundi United Arab Emirates European Union
 Cambodia United States China
 Cameroon European Union European Union
 Canada United States United States
 Cape Verde European Union European Union
 Central African Republic European Union European Union
 Chad n/a n/a
 Chile China United States
 China Hong Kong SAR[3] European Union[4]
 Colombia United States United States
 Comoros European Union United Arab Emirates
 Congo n/a n/a
 Congo, Democratic Republic of the n/a n/a
 Costa Rica United States United States
 Croatia European Union European Union
 Cuba Venezuela European Union
 Cyprus European Union European Union
 Czech Republic European Union European Union
 Denmark European Union European Union
 Djibouti Ethiopia European Union
 Dominica European Union United States
 Dominican Republic United States United States
 Ecuador United States United States
 Egypt European Union European Union
 El Salvador United States United States
 Equatorial Guinea n/a n/a
 Eritrea European Union European Union
 Estonia European Union European Union
 Ethiopia European Union China
 European Union United States China
 Fiji Singapore Singapore
 Finland European Union European Union
 France European Union European Union
 Gabon United States European Union
 Gambia Senegal European Union
 Georgia European Union European Union
 Germany European Union European Union
 Ghana South Africa European Union
 Greece European Union European Union
 Grenada Dominica United States
 Guatemala United States United States
 Guinea European Union European Union
 Guinea-Bissau India European Union
 Guyana European Union United States
 Haiti n/a n/a
 Honduras United States United States
 Hong Kong SAR China China
 Hungary European Union European Union
 Iceland European Union European Union
 India European Union European Union
 Indonesia China China
 Iran Japan European Union
 Iraq n/a n/a
 Ireland European Union European Union
 Israel United States European Union
 Italy European Union European Union
 Ivory Coast European Union European Union
 Jamaica United States United States
 Japan China China
 Jordan Iraq European Union
 Kazakhstan European Union Russia
 Kenya European Union European Union
 Kuwait United Arab Emirates European Union
 Kyrgyzstan Switzerland Russia
 Laos n/a n/a
 Latvia European Union European Union
 Lebanon Switzerland European Union
 Lesotho United States South Africa
 Libya n/a n/a
 Lithuania European Union European Union
 Luxembourg European Union European Union
 Macau Hong Kong SAR China
 Macedonia European Union European Union
 Madagascar European Union European Union
 Malawi European Union South Africa
 Malaysia Singapore China
 Maldives Thailand Singapore
 Mali South Africa European Union
 Malta European Union European Union
 Mauritania European Union European Union
 Mauritius European Union European Union
 Mexico United States United States
 Moldova European Union European Union
 Mongolia China Russia
 Montenegro n/a n/a
 Morocco European Union European Union
 Mozambique European Union South Africa
 Myanmar n/a n/a
 Namibia South Africa South Africa
   Nepal India India
 Netherlands European Union European Union
 New Zealand Australia Australia
 Nicaragua United States United States
 Niger European Union European Union
 Nigeria United States European Union
 Korea, North China China
 Norway European Union European Union
 Oman China European Union
 Pakistan European Union European Union
 Panama United States United States
 Papua New Guinea European Union Australia
 Paraguay Brazil China
 Peru United States United States
 Philippines European Union Japan
 Poland European Union European Union
 Portugal European Union European Union
 Qatar Japan European Union
 Romania European Union European Union
 Russia European Union European Union
 Rwanda European Union European Union
 Saint Kitts and Nevis United States United States
 Saint Lucia United States United States
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Trinidad and Tobago United States
 Samoa Australia New Zealand
 Sao Tome and Principe European Union European Union
 Saudi Arabia Japan European Union
 Senegal Mali European Union
 Serbia European Union European Union
 Seychelles European Union European Union
 Sierra Leone United States Côte d'Ivoire
 Singapore Hong Kong SAR European Union
 Slovakia European Union European Union
 Slovenia European Union European Union
 Solomon Islands China Australia
 South Africa European Union European Union
 Korea, South China China
 Spain European Union European Union
 Sri Lanka European Union India
 Sudan China China
 Suriname European Union United States
 Swaziland South Africa South Africa
 Sweden European Union European Union
  Switzerland European Union European Union
 Syria European Union European Union
 Taiwan China Japan
 Tajikistan Russia Uzbekistan
 Tanzania Switzerland European Union
 Thailand European Union Japan
 Togo Niger European Union
 Tonga New Zealand New Zealand
 Trinidad and Tobago United States United States
 Tunisia European Union European Union
 Turkey European Union European Union
 Turkmenistan Russia Russia
 Uganda European Union European Union
 Ukraine European Union Russia
 United Arab Emirates India European Union
 United Kingdom European Union European Union
 United States European Union Canada
 Uruguay Brazil Argentina
 Uzbekistan n/a n/a
 Vanuatu European Union Australia
 Venezuela United States United States
 Vietnam United States China
 Yemen China European Union
 Zambia Switzerland South Africa
 Zimbabwe South Africa South Africa

List of 30 Largest Bilateral Trade Volume in 2012[edit]

The following table is figures for 30 largest bilateral trade volume in 2012 made by the World Trade Organization.[5]

The 30 Largest Bilateral Trade Volume in 2012 (in millions USD)
Rank Net Exporter Net Importer Volume
1  Germany  European Union 1,441,557
2  Netherlands  European Union 779,347
3  European Union  France 730,071
4  European Union  United States 655,897
5  Canada  United States 619,114
6  Belgium  European Union 609,887
7  European Union  United Kingdom 556,631
8  China  United States 555,043
9  China  European Union 546,694
10  Italy  European Union 526,192
11  Mexico  United States 496,664
12  Russia  European Union 388,243
13  Spain  European Union 346,031
14  China  Hong Kong 341,285
15  China  Japan 333,225
16  European Union   Switzerland 273,403
17  South Korea  China 253,995
18  Poland  European Union 251,372
19  European Union  Austria 233,113
20  Japan  United States 219,031
21  Czech Republic  European Union 218,681
22  European Union  Sweden 206,003
23  Norway  European Union 186,734
 China  Germany 185,749
 Germany  United States 177,306
24  European Union  Japan 164,747
25  European Union  Turkey 146,922
26  Hungary  European Union 145,527
27  Australia  China 126,498
28  European Union  Denmark 125,465
 United Kingdom  United States 124,342
29  Taiwan  China 121,558
 Germany   Switzerland 112,085
 Russia  Germany 103,850
30  South Korea  United States 103,200

References[edit]