List of countries by intentional homicide rate

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List of countries by intentional homicide rate per year per 100,000 inhabitants. The reliability of underlying national murder rate data may vary.[1] The legal definition of "intentional homicide" differs among countries. Intentional homicide may or may not include infanticide, assisted suicide or euthanasia.[2]

Intentional homicide demographics are affected by changes in trauma care, leading to changed lethality of violent assaults, so the intentional homicide rate may not necessarily indicate the overall level of societal violence.[2] They may also be underreported for political reasons.[3][4] Another problem for the comparability of the following figures is that some data may include attempts. In general the values in these lists should not include failed attempts except when mentioned otherwise.

A study undertaken by the Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development estimated that there were approximately 490,000 intentional homicides in 2004. The study estimated that the global rate was 7.6 intentional homicides per 100,000 inhabitants for 2004.[5] For the year 2012 UNODC (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime) made a similar study. It reported a global average homicide rate of 6.2 per 100,000 population.[6] UNODC calculated a rate of 6.9 in 2010.[7]

Murder rate per 100,000 inhabitants in 2012.
  0–1
  1–2
  2–5
  5–10
  10–20
  >20

UNODC's global study[edit]

The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) has a site called Global Study on Homicide. The data for all the tables below (except the country subdivisions) comes from that site. Please update the UNODC tables with the most recent UNODC data.[6][8][9] Rates are calculated per 100,000 inhabitants. Intentional homicide, as defined by UNODC, is "unlawful death purposefully inflicted on a person by another person".[6]

By region[edit]

UNODC murder rates most recent year
Region Rate Count
    Africa 12.5 134,881
    Americas 17.0 161,865
    Asia 2.9 122,229
    Europe 3.0 21,990
    Oceania 3.0 1,108
       World 6.3 442,073

By subregion[edit]

[citation needed]

UNODC murder rates most recent year
Subregion Rate Count Region
    Eastern Africa 11.1 38,888 Africa
    Middle Africa 18.5 24,595 Africa
    Northern Africa 3.8 8,184 Africa
    Southern Africa 31.0 18,195 Africa
    Western Africa 14.1 45,019 Africa
    Caribbean 15.8 6,599 Americas
    Central America 31.1 49,734 Americas
    Northern America 4.2 14,722 Americas
    South America 22.6 90,810 Americas
    Central Asia 5.8 3,603 Asia
    Eastern Asia 1.0 16,555 Asia
    South-Eastern Asia 4.3 26,376 Asia
    Southern Asia 3.9 67,962 Asia
    Western Asia 3.9 7,733 Asia
    Eastern Europe 5.9 17103 Europe
    Northern Europe 1.4 1,398 Europe
    Southern Europe 1.1 1,708 Europe
    Western Europe 0.9 1,781 Europe
    Australasia 1.1 295 Oceania
    Melanesia 8.6 787 Oceania
    Micronesia 3.9 17 Oceania
    Polynesia 1.5 9 Oceania

By country[edit]

Count total and rate per 100,000 population per year. The initial order of the countries is alphabetical within subregion. In the count column click the plus (++) and asterisk (**) links for more info.

Note: x[a] - From UNODC source[6]: "due to small population size the estimated count is less than 2".
UNODC murder rates most recent year (full table here [9])
Country Rate Count Region Subregion Year listed
 Burundi 8.0 790 Africa Eastern Africa 2012
 Comoros 10.0 72 Africa Eastern Africa 2012
 Djibouti 10.1 87 Africa Eastern Africa 2012
 Eritrea 7.1 437 Africa Eastern Africa 2012
 Ethiopia 12.0 11,048 Africa Eastern Africa 2012
 Kenya 6.4 2,761 Africa Eastern Africa 2012
 Madagascar 11.1 2,465 Africa Eastern Africa 2012
 Malawi 1.8 279 Africa Eastern Africa 2012
 Mauritius 2.8 34 Africa Eastern Africa 2011
 Mayotte (France) 6.0 12 Africa Eastern Africa 2009
 Mozambique 12.4 3,133 Africa Eastern Africa 2012
 Réunion (France) 1.8 15 Africa Eastern Africa 2009
 Rwanda 23.1 2,648 Africa Eastern Africa 2012
 Seychelles 9.5 9 Africa Eastern Africa 2012
 Somalia 8.0 819 ++ Africa Eastern Africa 2012
 South Sudan 13.9 1,504 ++** Africa Eastern Africa 2012
 Uganda 10.7 3,753 Africa Eastern Africa 2011
 Tanzania 12.7 6,071 Africa Eastern Africa 2012
 Zambia 10.7 1,501 Africa Eastern Africa 2012
 Zimbabwe 10.6 1,450 Africa Eastern Africa 2012
 Angola 10.0 2,079 Africa Middle Africa 2012
 Cameroon 7.6 1,654 Africa Middle Africa 2012
 Central African Republic 11.8 532 ++ Africa Middle Africa 2012
 Chad 7.3 907 Africa Middle Africa 2012
 Congo 12.5 541 Africa Middle Africa 2012
 Democratic Republic of the Congo 28.3 18,586 Africa Middle Africa 2012
 Equatorial Guinea 19.3 142 Africa Middle Africa 2012
 Gabon 9.1 148 Africa Middle Africa 2012
 São Tomé and Príncipe 3.3 6 Africa Middle Africa 2011
 Algeria 0.7 280 Africa Northern Africa 2011
 Egypt 3.4 2,703 Africa Northern Africa 2011
 Libya 1.7 103 ++ Africa Northern Africa 2012
 Morocco 2.2 704 Africa Northern Africa 2012
 Sudan 11.2 4,159 ++** Africa Northern Africa 2012
 Tunisia 2.2 235 Africa Northern Africa 2012
 Botswana 18.4 368 Africa Southern Africa 2012
 Lesotho 38.0 764 Africa Southern Africa 2010
 Namibia 17.2 388 Africa Southern Africa 2012
 South Africa 31.0 16,259 Africa Southern Africa 2012
 Swaziland 33.8 416 Africa Southern Africa 2012
 Benin 8.4 848 Africa Western Africa 2012
 Burkina Faso 8.0 1,311 Africa Western Africa 2012
 Cape Verde 10.3 51 Africa Western Africa 2012
 Ivory Coast 13.6 2,691 Africa Western Africa 2012
 Gambia 10.2 182 Africa Western Africa 2012
 Ghana 6.1 1,537 Africa Western Africa 2012
 Guinea 8.9 1,018 Africa Western Africa 2012
 Guinea-Bissau 8.4 140 Africa Western Africa 2012
 Liberia 3.2 135 Africa Western Africa 2012
 Mali 7.5 1,119 Africa Western Africa 2012
 Mauritania 5.0 191 Africa Western Africa 2012
 Niger 4.7 803 Africa Western Africa 2012
 Nigeria 20.0 33,817 Africa Western Africa 2012
 Senegal 2.8 379 Africa Western Africa 2012
 Sierra Leone 1.9 113 Africa Western Africa 2012
 Togo 10.3 684 Africa Western Africa 2012
 Anguilla (UK) 7.5 1 Americas Caribbean 2012
 Antigua and Barbuda 11.2 10 Americas Caribbean 2012
 Aruba (Netherlands) 3.9 4 Americas Caribbean 2010
 Bahamas 29.8 111 Americas Caribbean 2012
 Barbados 7.4 21 Americas Caribbean 2012
 British Virgin Islands (UK) 8.4 2 Americas Caribbean 2006
 Cayman Islands (UK) 14.7 8 Americas Caribbean 2009
 Cuba 4.2 477 Americas Caribbean 2012
 Dominica 21.1 15 Americas Caribbean 2010
 Dominican Republic 22.1 2,268 Americas Caribbean 2012
 Grenada 13.3 14 Americas Caribbean 2012
 Guadeloupe (France) 7.9 36 Americas Caribbean 2009
 Haiti 10.2 1,033 Americas Caribbean 2012
 Jamaica 39.3 1,087 Americas Caribbean 2012
 Martinique (France) 2.7 11 Americas Caribbean 2009
 Montserrat (UK) 20.4 1 Americas Caribbean 2008
 Puerto Rico (USA) 26.5 978 Americas Caribbean 2012
 Saint Kitts and Nevis 33.6 18 Americas Caribbean 2012
 Saint Lucia 21.6 39 Americas Caribbean 2012
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 25.6 28 Americas Caribbean 2012
 Trinidad and Tobago 28.3 379 Americas Caribbean 2012
 Turks and Caicos Islands (UK) 6.6 2 Americas Caribbean 2009
 U.S. Virgin Islands (USA) 52.6 56 Americas Caribbean 2013
 Belize 44.7 145 Americas Central America 2012
 Costa Rica 8.5 407 Americas Central America 2012
 El Salvador 41.2 2,594 Americas Central America 2012
 Guatemala 39.9 6,025 Americas Central America 2012
 Honduras 90.4 7,172 Americas Central America 2012
 Mexico 21.5 26,037 ++ Americas Central America 2012
 Nicaragua 11.3 675 Americas Central America 2012
 Panama 17.2 654 Americas Central America 2012
 Bermuda (UK) 7.7 5 Americas Northern America 2012
 Canada 1.6 543 Americas Northern America 2012
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon (France) 16.5 1 Americas Northern America 2009
 United States 4.7 14,173 Americas Northern America 2012
 Argentina 5.5 2,237 Americas South America 2010
 Bolivia 12.1 1,270 Americas South America 2012
 Brazil 25.2 50,108 Americas South America 2012
 Chile 3.1 550 Americas South America 2012
 Colombia 30.8 14,670 ++ Americas South America 2012
 Ecuador 12.4 1,924 Americas South America 2012
 French Guiana (France) 13.3 30 Americas South America 2009
 Guyana 17.0 135 Americas South America 2012
 Paraguay 9.7 649 Americas South America 2012
 Peru 9.6 2,865 Americas South America 2012
 Suriname 6.1 33 Americas South America 2012
 Uruguay 7.9 267 Americas South America 2012
 Venezuela 53.7 16,072 Americas South America 2012
 Kazakhstan 7.8 1,263 Asia Central Asia 2012
 Kyrgyzstan 9.1 494 Asia Central Asia 2011
 Tajikistan 1.6 126 Asia Central Asia 2011
 Turkmenistan 12.8 660 Asia Central Asia 2012
 Uzbekistan 3.7 1,060 Asia Central Asia 2012
 China 1.0 13,410 Asia Eastern Asia 2010
 Hong Kong 0.4 27 Asia Eastern Asia 2012
 Macau 0.7 4 Asia Eastern Asia 2010
 North Korea 5.2 1,293 Asia Eastern Asia 2012
 Japan 0.3 442 Asia Eastern Asia 2011
 Mongolia 9.7 266 Asia Eastern Asia 2011
 South Korea[note 1][note 2] 0.9 427 Asia Eastern Asia 2011
 Taiwan 3.0 686 Asia Eastern Asia 2011
 Brunei 2.0 8 Asia South-Eastern Asia 2012
 Cambodia 6.5 964 Asia South-Eastern Asia 2012
 Indonesia 0.6 1,456 Asia South-Eastern Asia 2012
 Laos 5.9 392 Asia South-Eastern Asia 2012
 Malaysia 2.3 652 Asia South-Eastern Asia 2012
 Myanmar 15.2 8,044 Asia South-Eastern Asia 2012
 Philippines 8.8 8,484 Asia South-Eastern Asia 2012
 Singapore 0.2 11 Asia South-Eastern Asia 2012
 Thailand 5.0 3,307 Asia South-Eastern Asia 2011
 Timor-Leste 3.6 39 Asia South-Eastern Asia 2010
 Vietnam 3.3 3,037 Asia South-Eastern Asia 2012
 Afghanistan 6.5 1,948 ++ Asia Southern Asia 2012
 Bangladesh 2.7 4,169 Asia Southern Asia 2012
 Bhutan 1.7 12 Asia Southern Asia 2012
 India 3.5 43,355 Asia Southern Asia 2012
 Iran 3.9 3,126 Asia Southern Asia 2012
 Maldives 3.9 13 Asia Southern Asia 2012
   Nepal 2.9 786 Asia Southern Asia 2011
 Pakistan 7.7 13,846 ++ Asia Southern Asia 2012
 Sri Lanka 3.4 707 Asia Southern Asia 2011
 Armenia 1.8 54 Asia Western Asia 2012
 Azerbaijan 2.1 194 Asia Western Asia 2010
 Bahrain 0.5 7 Asia Western Asia 2011
 Cyprus 2.0 23 Asia Western Asia 2012
 Georgia 4.3 187 Asia Western Asia 2010
 Iraq 8.0 2,628 ++ Asia Western Asia 2012
 Israel 1.8 134 ++ Asia Western Asia 2012
 Jordan 2.0 133 Asia Western Asia 2011
 Kuwait 0.4 12 Asia Western Asia 2012
 Lebanon 2.2 95 Asia Western Asia 2010
 Palestine 7.4 312 ++ Asia Western Asia 2012
 Oman 1.1 34 Asia Western Asia 2011
 Qatar 1.1 23 Asia Western Asia 2012
 Saudi Arabia 0.8 234 Asia Western Asia 2012
 Syria 2.2 463 ++ Asia Western Asia 2010
 Turkey 2.6 1,866 Asia Western Asia 2011
 United Arab Emirates 2.6 235 Asia Western Asia 2012
 Yemen 4.8 1,099 ++ Asia Western Asia 2010
 Belarus 5.1 486 Europe Eastern Europe 2010
 Bulgaria 1.9 141 Europe Eastern Europe 2012
 Czech Republic 1.0 105 Europe Eastern Europe 2012
 Hungary 1.3 132 Europe Eastern Europe 2012
 Poland 1.2 449 Europe Eastern Europe 2011
 Moldova 6.5 229 Europe Eastern Europe 2012
 Romania 1.7 378 Europe Eastern Europe 2012
 Russia 9.2 13,120 Europe Eastern Europe 2012
 Slovakia 1.4 75 Europe Eastern Europe 2012
 Ukraine 4.3 1,988 ++ Europe Eastern Europe 2010
 Denmark 0.8 47 Europe Northern Europe 2012
 Estonia 5.0 65 Europe Northern Europe 2012
 Finland 1.6 89 Europe Northern Europe 2012
 Greenland (Denmark) 19.4 11 Europe Northern Europe 2009
 Iceland 0.3 1 Europe Northern Europe 2012
 Ireland 1.2 54 Europe Northern Europe 2012
 Latvia 4.7 97 Europe Northern Europe 2012
 Lithuania 6.7 202 Europe Northern Europe 2012
 Norway 2.2 111 ++ Europe Northern Europe 2011
 Sweden 0.7 68 Europe Northern Europe 2012
 United Kingdom 1.0 653 Europe Northern Europe 2011
 Albania 5.0 157 Europe Southern Europe 2012
 Andorra 1.3 1 Europe Southern Europe 2010
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.3 51 Europe Southern Europe 2011
 Croatia 1.2 51 Europe Southern Europe 2012
 Greece 1.7 184 Europe Southern Europe 2011
 Italy 0.9 530 Europe Southern Europe 2012
 Kosovo 3.6 64 Europe Southern Europe 2010
 Malta 2.8 12 Europe Southern Europe 2012
 Montenegro 2.7 17 Europe Southern Europe 2012
 Portugal 1.2 122 Europe Southern Europe 2012
 San Marino 0.7 x[a] Europe Southern Europe 2012
 Serbia 1.2 111 Europe Southern Europe 2012
 Slovenia 0.7 14 Europe Southern Europe 2012
 Spain 0.8 364 Europe Southern Europe 2012
 Macedonia 1.4 30 Europe Southern Europe 2011
 Austria 0.9 77 Europe Western Europe 2012
 Belgium 1.6 182 Europe Western Europe 2012
 France 1.0 665 Europe Western Europe 2012
 Germany 0.8 662 Europe Western Europe 2011
 Liechtenstein 0.0 0 Europe Western Europe 2012
 Luxembourg 0.8 4 Europe Western Europe 2011
 Monaco 0.0 0 Europe Western Europe 2008
 Netherlands 0.9 145 Europe Western Europe 2012
 Switzerland 0.6 46 Europe Western Europe 2011
 Australia 1.1 254 Oceania Australasia 2012
 New Zealand 0.9 41 Oceania Australasia 2012
 Fiji 4.0 35 Oceania Melanesia 2012
 New Caledonia (France) 3.3 8 Oceania Melanesia 2009
 Papua New Guinea 10.4 713 Oceania Melanesia 2010
 Solomon Islands 4.3 24 Oceania Melanesia 2012
 Vanuatu 2.9 7 Oceania Melanesia 2012
 Guam (USA) 2.5 4 Oceania Micronesia 2011
 Kiribati 8.2 8 Oceania Micronesia 2011
 F.S. Micronesia 4.6 5 Oceania Micronesia 2012
 Nauru 1.3 x[a] Oceania Micronesia 2012
 Palau 3.1 x[a] Oceania Micronesia 2012
 Cook Islands 3.1 x[a] Oceania Polynesia 2012
 French Polynesia (France) 0.4 1 Oceania Polynesia 2009
 Niue 3.6 x[a] Oceania Polynesia 2012
 Samoa 3.6 7 Oceania Polynesia 2012
 Tonga 1.0 1 Oceania Polynesia 2012
 Tuvalu 4.2 x[a] Oceania Polynesia 2012
  1. ^ a b c d e f g From UNODC source[6]: "due to small population size the estimated count is less than 2".

Top 10 highest rates since 1995[edit]

UNODC Top 10 Highest Homicide Rates by Country since 1995 [9]
Rank Country Year Rate Count
1  El Salvador 1995 139.1 7,977
2  El Salvador 1996 117.3 6,792
3  El Salvador 1997 112.6 6,573
4  El Salvador 1998 95.0 5,584
5  Honduras 2011 91.4 7,104
6  Honduras 2012 90.4 7,172
7  Honduras 2010 81.8 6,236
8  Colombia 1996 71.8 26,642
9  El Salvador 2009 70.9 4,382
10  Honduras 2009 70.7 5,280

Country subdivisions[edit]

Rates. Click the "show" links next to the country names at the top left of each chart.

Australia[edit]

Canada[edit]

Mexico[edit]

United States[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Statistics includes attempted murder, aiding and abetting of murder, murder conspiracy and others. "Footnote #1 of 09 5대범죄 발생, 검거 현황 (Status for occurrence and arrest of 5 major crimes) by Korea National Police Agency.". 
  2. ^ The number of actual deaths by those crimes is only 184. "'5 피해정도' chapter of '2011 살인(37-44)' statistics by Supreme Prosecutors' Office Republic of Korea.".  That is equivalent to 0.38 deaths per 100,000 inhabitants.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Richards, Patsy (1999-05-27). "Homicide statistics, research paper 99/56" (PDF). House of commons library, Social and general statistics section. p. 29. Retrieved 2007-01-11. 
  2. ^ a b Harris, Anthony R.; Stephen H. Thomas; Gene A. Fisher; David J. Hirsch (May 2002). "Murder and medicine: the lethality of criminal assault 1960–1999" (fee required). Homicide studies 6 (2): 128–166. doi:10.1177/1088767902006002003. Retrieved 2006-12-08. 
  3. ^ Fry, Don. Believing the news ISBN 0-935742-11-5, ISBN 978-0-935742-11-4
  4. ^ Vizzard, William J. Shots in the dark ISBN 0-8476-9560-3, ISBN 978-0-8476-9560-7
  5. ^ "Global Burden of Armed Violence Report". Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development. 
  6. ^ a b c d e Global Study on Homicide. United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC). See the PDF of the full report, and the statistical annex at the end of it. It has detailed charts for homicide counts and rates by country. You may need to use the "rotate view" command in your PDF reader.
  7. ^ "Global Study on Homicide 2011". UNODC. 
  8. ^ Data. Global Study on Homicide. UNODC. See "Homicide counts and rates, time series...". The xlsx files can be converted to other formats here [1]. Just paste in the URL of the file, and the converted file will be emailed to you.
  9. ^ a b c UNODC Homicide counts and rates, time series. An XLSX file. How to open. There is a wikitext table version for easy access to the data. See the note at the top of the talk page.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h Dearden, Jack; Jones, Warwick (PDF). Homicide in Australia: 2006-07 National Homicide Monitoring Program annual report (Report). Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology. p. 113. http://www.aic.gov.au/documents/0/B/6/%7B0B619F44-B18B-47B4-9B59-F87BA643CBAA%7Dfacts11.pdf.
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h Homicide Statistics: 2011 Australian Government report (Report). Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h (PDF) Recorded Crime-Victims (Report). Canberra: Australian Bureau of Statistics. http://www.ausstats.abs.gov.au/Ausstats/subscriber.nsf/0/990A014955F3818DCA2577360017E331/$File/45100_2009.pdf.
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Canada Summary Tables". Statistics Canada. 
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae "Mexican Crime Stats 2010". RRS y Asociados, S.C. 
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae "Mexican Crime Stats 2011". RRS y Asociados, S.C. 
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay "State-by-state and National Crime Estimates by Year(s)". Federal Bureau of Investigation. 
  17. ^ "UNODC Homicide Statistics". Universidad de Puerto Rico. 
  18. ^ "Homicide Trends 2003–2008". UNODC. 

External links[edit]