List of countries by intentional homicide rate

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List of countries by intentional homicide rate per year per 100,000 inhabitants. The reliability of underlying national murder rate data may vary.[1] The legal definition of "intentional homicide" differs among countries. Intentional homicide may or may not include infanticide, assisted suicide or euthanasia.[2]

Intentional homicide demographics are affected by changes in trauma care, leading to changed lethality of violent assaults, so the intentional homicide rate may not necessarily indicate the overall level of societal violence.[2] They may also be underreported for political reasons.[3][4] Another problem for the comparability of the following figures is that some data may include attempts. In general the values in these lists should not include failed attempts except when mentioned otherwise.

A study undertaken by the Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development estimated that there were approximately 490,000 intentional homicides in 2004. The study estimated that the global rate was 7.6 intentional homicides per 100,000 inhabitants for 2004.[5] For the year 2012 UNODC (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime) made a similar study. It reported a global average homicide rate of 6.2 per 100,000 population.[6] UNODC calculated a rate of 6.9 in 2010.[7]

Murder rate per 100,000 inhabitants in 2012.
  0–1
  1–2
  2–5
  5–10
  10–20
  >20

UNODC's global study[edit]

The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) has a site called Global Study on Homicide. The data for all the tables below (except the country subdivisions) comes from that site. Please update the UNODC tables with the most recent UNODC data.[6][8][9] Rates are calculated per 100,000 inhabitants.

Intentional homicide, as defined by UNODC, is "unlawful death purposefully inflicted on a person by another person".[6]

By region[edit]

UNODC murder rates most recent year[6]
Region Rate Count
    Americas 16.3 157,000
    Africa 12.5 135,000
       World 6.2 437,000
    Europe 3.0 22,000
    Oceania 3.0 1,100
    Asia 2.9 122,000

The UNODC report has bar charts and timeline graphs of homicide rates for subregions. But the report does not list exact rate numbers. Subregion counts are not found in the report, but may be calculated by manually totaling the counts for each country in a subregion.[6]

By country[edit]

Please note. Only the UNODC source is used for this section.[6] All else is removed.

Count total, and rate per 100,000 population per year. The initial order of the countries is alphabetical within subregion. Subregions are initially in alphabetical order within regions. Reload the page to return to that initial subregion order. The row number column on the left sorts independently from the columns to the right of it.

This chart does not use the very latest data due to differences in how intentional homicide is defined and calculated for each country. In order to have more consistent, continuous, and reliable oversight only the latest UNODC sourcing is used for this section on countries.[6] For more info outside of UNODC sourcing (wars, etc.) see the notes section that follows this country table.

Note: x (in the count column, mainly in the Oceania section) – From UNODC source:[6] "due to small population size the estimated count is less than 2".



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UNODC murder rates most recent year (full table here [9])
Country Rate Count Region Subregion Year listed Notes

Burundi 8.0 790 Africa Eastern Africa 2012
Comoros 10.0 72 Africa Eastern Africa 2012
Djibouti 10.1 87 Africa Eastern Africa 2012
Eritrea 7.1 437 Africa Eastern Africa 2012
Ethiopia 12.0 11,048 Africa Eastern Africa 2012
Kenya 6.4 2,761 Africa Eastern Africa 2012
Madagascar 11.1 2,465 Africa Eastern Africa 2012
Malawi 1.8 279 Africa Eastern Africa 2012
Mauritius 2.8 34 Africa Eastern Africa 2011
Mayotte (France) 6.0 12 Africa Eastern Africa 2009
Mozambique 12.4 3,133 Africa Eastern Africa 2012
Réunion (France) 1.8 15 Africa Eastern Africa 2009
Rwanda 23.1 2,648 Africa Eastern Africa 2012
Seychelles 9.5 9 Africa Eastern Africa 2012
Somalia 8.0 819 Africa Eastern Africa 2012 See notes below.
South Sudan 13.9 1,504 Africa Eastern Africa 2012 See notes below.
Uganda 10.7 3,753 Africa Eastern Africa 2011
Tanzania 12.7 6,071 Africa Eastern Africa 2012
Zambia 10.7 1,501 Africa Eastern Africa 2012
Zimbabwe 10.6 1,450 Africa Eastern Africa 2012
Angola 10.0 2,079 Africa Middle Africa 2012
Cameroon 7.6 1,654 Africa Middle Africa 2012
Central African Republic 11.8 532 Africa Middle Africa 2012 See notes below.
Chad 7.3 907 Africa Middle Africa 2012
Congo 12.5 541 Africa Middle Africa 2012
Democratic Republic of the Congo 28.3 18,586 Africa Middle Africa 2012
Equatorial Guinea 19.3 142 Africa Middle Africa 2012
Gabon 9.1 148 Africa Middle Africa 2012
Sao Tome and Principe 3.3 6 Africa Middle Africa 2011
Algeria 0.7 280 Africa Northern Africa 2011
Egypt 3.4 2,703 Africa Northern Africa 2011
Libya 1.7 103 Africa Northern Africa 2012 See notes below.
Morocco 2.2 704 Africa Northern Africa 2012
Sudan 11.2 4,159 Africa Northern Africa 2012 See notes below.
Tunisia 2.2 235 Africa Northern Africa 2012
Botswana 18.4 368 Africa Southern Africa 2012
Lesotho 38.0 764 Africa Southern Africa 2010
Namibia 17.2 388 Africa Southern Africa 2012
South Africa 31.0 16,259 Africa Southern Africa 2012
Swaziland 33.8 416 Africa Southern Africa 2012
Benin 8.4 848 Africa Western Africa 2012
Burkina Faso 8.0 1,311 Africa Western Africa 2012
Cape Verde 10.3 51 Africa Western Africa 2012
Ivory Coast 13.6 2,691 Africa Western Africa 2012
Gambia 10.2 182 Africa Western Africa 2012
Ghana 6.1 1,537 Africa Western Africa 2012
Guinea 8.9 1,018 Africa Western Africa 2012
Guinea-Bissau 8.4 140 Africa Western Africa 2012
Liberia 3.2 135 Africa Western Africa 2012
Mali 7.5 1,119 Africa Western Africa 2012
Mauritania 5.0 191 Africa Western Africa 2012
Niger 4.7 803 Africa Western Africa 2012
Nigeria 20.0 33,817 Africa Western Africa 2012
Senegal 2.8 379 Africa Western Africa 2012
Sierra Leone 1.9 113 Africa Western Africa 2012
Togo 10.3 684 Africa Western Africa 2012
Anguilla (UK) 7.5 1 Americas Caribbean 2012
Antigua and Barbuda 11.2 10 Americas Caribbean 2012
Aruba (Netherlands) 3.9 4 Americas Caribbean 2010
Bahamas 29.8 111 Americas Caribbean 2012
Barbados 7.4 21 Americas Caribbean 2012
British Virgin Islands (UK) 8.4 2 Americas Caribbean 2006
Cayman Islands (UK) 14.7 8 Americas Caribbean 2009
Cuba 4.2 477 Americas Caribbean 2012
Dominica 21.1 15 Americas Caribbean 2010
Dominican Republic 22.1 2,268 Americas Caribbean 2012
Grenada 13.3 14 Americas Caribbean 2012
Guadeloupe (France) 7.9 36 Americas Caribbean 2009
Haiti 10.2 1,033 Americas Caribbean 2012
Jamaica 39.3 1,087 Americas Caribbean 2012
Martinique (France) 2.7 11 Americas Caribbean 2009
Montserrat (UK) 20.4 1 Americas Caribbean 2008
Puerto Rico (US) 26.5 978 Americas Caribbean 2012
Saint Kitts and Nevis 33.6 18 Americas Caribbean 2012
Saint Lucia 21.6 39 Americas Caribbean 2012
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 25.6 28 Americas Caribbean 2012
Trinidad and Tobago 28.3 379 Americas Caribbean 2012
Turks and Caicos Islands (UK) 6.6 2 Americas Caribbean 2009
United States Virgin Islands (US) 52.6 56 Americas Caribbean 2013
Belize 44.7 145 Americas Central America 2012
Costa Rica 8.5 407 Americas Central America 2012
El Salvador 41.2 2,594 Americas Central America 2012
Guatemala 39.9 6,025 Americas Central America 2012
Honduras 90.4 7,172 Americas Central America 2012
Mexico 21.5 26,037 Americas Central America 2012 See notes below.
Nicaragua 11.3 675 Americas Central America 2012
Panama 17.2 654 Americas Central America 2012
Bermuda (UK) 7.7 5 Americas Northern America 2012
Canada 1.6 543 Americas Northern America 2012
Saint Pierre and Miquelon (France) 16.5 1 Americas Northern America 2009
United States 4.7 14,827 Americas Northern America 2012
Argentina 5.5 2,237 Americas South America 2010
Bolivia 12.1 1,270 Americas South America 2012
Brazil 25.2 50,108 Americas South America 2012
Chile 3.1 550 Americas South America 2012
Colombia 30.8 14,670 Americas South America 2012 See notes below.
Ecuador 12.4 1,924 Americas South America 2012
French Guiana (France) 13.3 30 Americas South America 2009
Guyana 17.0 135 Americas South America 2012
Paraguay 9.7 649 Americas South America 2012
Peru 9.6 2,865 Americas South America 2012
Suriname 6.1 33 Americas South America 2012
Uruguay 7.9 267 Americas South America 2012
Venezuela 53.7 16,072 Americas South America 2012
Kazakhstan 7.8 1,263 Asia Central Asia 2012
Kyrgyzstan 9.1 494 Asia Central Asia 2011
Tajikistan 1.6 126 Asia Central Asia 2011
Turkmenistan 12.8 660 Asia Central Asia 2012
Uzbekistan 3.7 1,060 Asia Central Asia 2012
China 1.0 13,410 Asia Eastern Asia 2010
Hong Kong 0.4 27 Asia Eastern Asia 2012
Macao 0.7 4 Asia Eastern Asia 2010
North Korea 5.2 1,293 Asia Eastern Asia 2012
Japan 0.3 442 Asia Eastern Asia 2011
Mongolia 9.7 266 Asia Eastern Asia 2011
South Korea 0.9 427 Asia Eastern Asia 2011 See notes below.
Taiwan 3.0 686 Asia Eastern Asia 2011
Brunei 2.0 8 Asia South-Eastern Asia 2012
Cambodia 6.5 964 Asia South-Eastern Asia 2012
Indonesia 0.6 1,456 Asia South-Eastern Asia 2012
Laos 5.9 392 Asia South-Eastern Asia 2012
Malaysia 2.3 652 Asia South-Eastern Asia 2012
Myanmar 15.2 8,044 Asia South-Eastern Asia 2012
Philippines 8.8 8,484 Asia South-Eastern Asia 2012
Singapore 0.2 11 Asia South-Eastern Asia 2012
Thailand 5.0 3,307 Asia South-Eastern Asia 2011
Timor-Leste 3.6 39 Asia South-Eastern Asia 2010
Vietnam 3.3 3,037 Asia South-Eastern Asia 2012
Afghanistan 6.5 1,948 Asia Southern Asia 2012 See notes below.
Bangladesh 2.7 4,169 Asia Southern Asia 2012
Bhutan 1.7 12 Asia Southern Asia 2012
India 3.5 43,355 Asia Southern Asia 2012
Iran 3.9 3,126 Asia Southern Asia 2012
Maldives 3.9 13 Asia Southern Asia 2012
Nepal 2.9 786 Asia Southern Asia 2011
Pakistan 7.7 13,846 Asia Southern Asia 2012 See notes below.
Sri Lanka 3.4 707 Asia Southern Asia 2011
Armenia 1.8 54 Asia Western Asia 2012
Azerbaijan 2.1 194 Asia Western Asia 2010
Bahrain 0.5 7 Asia Western Asia 2011
Cyprus 2.0 23 Asia Western Asia 2012
Georgia 4.3 187 Asia Western Asia 2010
Iraq 8.0 2,628 Asia Western Asia 2012 See notes below.
Israel 1.8 134 Asia Western Asia 2012 See notes below.
Jordan 2.0 133 Asia Western Asia 2011
Kuwait 0.4 12 Asia Western Asia 2012
Lebanon 2.2 95 Asia Western Asia 2010
Palestine 7.4 312 Asia Western Asia 2012 See notes below.
Oman 1.1 34 Asia Western Asia 2011
Qatar 1.1 23 Asia Western Asia 2012
Saudi Arabia 0.8 234 Asia Western Asia 2012
Syria 2.2 463 Asia Western Asia 2010 See notes below.
Turkey 2.6 1,866 Asia Western Asia 2011
United Arab Emirates 2.6 235 Asia Western Asia 2012
Yemen 4.8 1,099 Asia Western Asia 2010
Belarus 5.1 486 Europe Eastern Europe 2010
Bulgaria 1.9 141 Europe Eastern Europe 2012
Czech Republic 1.0 105 Europe Eastern Europe 2012
Hungary 1.3 132 Europe Eastern Europe 2012
Poland 1.2 449 Europe Eastern Europe 2011
Moldova 6.5 229 Europe Eastern Europe 2012
Romania 1.7 378 Europe Eastern Europe 2012
Russia 9.2 13,120 Europe Eastern Europe 2012
Slovakia 1.4 75 Europe Eastern Europe 2012
Ukraine 4.3 1,988 Europe Eastern Europe 2010
Denmark 0.8 47 Europe Northern Europe 2012
Estonia 5.0 65 Europe Northern Europe 2011
Finland 1.6 89 Europe Northern Europe 2012
Greenland (Denmark) 19.4 11 Europe Northern Europe 2009
Iceland 0.3 1 Europe Northern Europe 2012
Ireland 1.2 54 Europe Northern Europe 2012
Latvia 4.7 97 Europe Northern Europe 2012
Lithuania 6.7 202 Europe Northern Europe 2012
Norway 2.2 111 Europe Northern Europe 2011 See notes below.
Sweden 0.7 68 Europe Northern Europe 2012
United Kingdom 1.0 653 Europe Northern Europe 2011
Albania 5.0 157 Europe Southern Europe 2012
Andorra 1.3 1 Europe Southern Europe 2010
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.3 51 Europe Southern Europe 2011
Croatia 1.2 51 Europe Southern Europe 2012
Greece 1.7 184 Europe Southern Europe 2011
Italy 0.9 530 Europe Southern Europe 2012
Kosovo 3.6 64 Europe Southern Europe 2010
Malta 2.8 12 Europe Southern Europe 2012
Montenegro 2.7 17 Europe Southern Europe 2012
Portugal 1.2 122 Europe Southern Europe 2012
San Marino 0.7 x Europe Southern Europe 2012
Serbia 1.2 111 Europe Southern Europe 2012
Slovenia 0.7 14 Europe Southern Europe 2012
Spain 0.8 364 Europe Southern Europe 2012
Macedonia 1.4 30 Europe Southern Europe 2011
Austria 0.9 77 Europe Western Europe 2012
Belgium 1.6 182 Europe Western Europe 2012
France 1.0 665 Europe Western Europe 2012
Germany 0.8 662 Europe Western Europe 2011
Liechtenstein 0.0 0 Europe Western Europe 2012
Luxembourg 0.8 4 Europe Western Europe 2011
Monaco 0.0 0 Europe Western Europe 2008
Netherlands 0.9 145 Europe Western Europe 2012
Switzerland 0.6 46 Europe Western Europe 2011
Australia 1.1 254 Oceania Australasia 2012
New Zealand 0.9 41 Oceania Australasia 2012
Fiji 4.0 35 Oceania Melanesia 2012
New Caledonia (France) 3.3 8 Oceania Melanesia 2009
Papua New Guinea 10.4 713 Oceania Melanesia 2010
Solomon Islands 4.3 24 Oceania Melanesia 2012
Vanuatu 2.9 7 Oceania Melanesia 2012
Guam (US) 2.5 4 Oceania Micronesia 2011
Kiribati 8.2 8 Oceania Micronesia 2011
Micronesia 4.6 5 Oceania Micronesia 2012
Nauru 1.3 x Oceania Micronesia 2012
Palau 3.1 x Oceania Micronesia 2012
Cook Islands 3.1 x Oceania Polynesia 2012
French Polynesia (France) 0.4 1 Oceania Polynesia 2009
Niue 3.6 x Oceania Polynesia 2012
Samoa 3.6 7 Oceania Polynesia 2012
Tonga 1.0 1 Oceania Polynesia 2012
Tuvalu 4.2 x Oceania Polynesia 2012

Notes[edit]

Country subdivisions[edit]

Rates. Click the "show" links next to the country names at the top left of each chart. The references are linked from the sources column.

Australia[edit]

Canada[edit]

Mexico[edit]

United States[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Richards, Patsy (1999-05-27). "Homicide statistics, research paper 99/56" (PDF). House of commons library, Social and general statistics section. p. 29. Retrieved 2007-01-11. 
  2. ^ a b Harris, Anthony R.; Stephen H. Thomas; Gene A. Fisher; David J. Hirsch (May 2002). "Murder and medicine: the lethality of criminal assault 1960–1999" (fee required). Homicide studies 6 (2): 128–166. doi:10.1177/1088767902006002003. Retrieved 2006-12-08. 
  3. ^ Fry, Don. Believing the news ISBN 0-935742-11-5, ISBN 978-0-935742-11-4
  4. ^ Vizzard, William J. Shots in the dark ISBN 0-8476-9560-3, ISBN 978-0-8476-9560-7
  5. ^ "Global Burden of Armed Violence Report". Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h Global Study on Homicide. United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC). See the PDF of the full report [1], and the statistical annex at the end of it (page 121). It has detailed charts for homicide counts and rates by country. You may need to use the "rotate view" command in your PDF reader. Page 21 has estimated total of 437,000 worldwide. Figures 1.1 and 1.2 (pages 21 and 22) have exact numbers for rates and counts for the overall regions. Figure 1.3 on page 23 is a bar chart of homicide rates for the subregions. Need exact rate numbers. Figure 1.16 on page 34 has timeline graphs by subregion. Need exact rate numbers. Subregion counts are not found, but may be calculated by manually totaling the counts for each country in a subregion.
  7. ^ "Global Study on Homicide 2011". UNODC. 
  8. ^ Data. Global Study on Homicide. UNODC. See "Homicide counts and rates, time series...". The xlsx files can be converted to other formats here [2]. Just paste in the URL of the file, and the converted file will be emailed to you.
  9. ^ a b UNODC Homicide counts and rates, time series. An XLSX file. How to open. There is a wikitext table version for easy access to the data. See the note at the top of the talk page.
  10. ^ "Footnote #1 of 09 5대범죄 발생, 검거 현황 (Status for occurrence and arrest of 5 major crimes) by Korea National Police Agency.". 
  11. ^ "'5 피해정도' chapter of '2011 살인(37-44)' statistics by Supreme Prosecutors' Office Republic of Korea.". 
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h Dearden, Jack; Jones, Warwick (PDF). Homicide in Australia: 2006-07 National Homicide Monitoring Program annual report (Report). Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology. p. 113. http://www.aic.gov.au/documents/0/B/6/%7B0B619F44-B18B-47B4-9B59-F87BA643CBAA%7Dfacts11.pdf.
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h Homicide Statistics: 2011 Australian Government report (Report). Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology.
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h (PDF) Recorded Crime-Victims (Report). Canberra: Australian Bureau of Statistics. http://www.ausstats.abs.gov.au/Ausstats/subscriber.nsf/0/990A014955F3818DCA2577360017E331/$File/45100_2009.pdf.
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Canada Summary Tables". Statistics Canada. 
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af "Mexican Crime Stats 2010". RRS y Asociados, S.C. 
  17. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af "Mexican Crime Stats 2011". RRS y Asociados, S.C. 
  18. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay "State-by-state and National Crime Estimates by Year(s)". Federal Bureau of Investigation. 
  19. ^ "UNODC Homicide Statistics". Universidad de Puerto Rico. 
  20. ^ "Homicide Trends 2003–2008". UNODC. 

External links[edit]