List of countries by intentional homicide rate

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Homicide Rate Per 100,000 Population (2011)list of 30 top countries.

List of countries by intentional homicide rate per year per 100,000 inhabitants. The reliability of underlying national murder rate data may vary.[1] The legal definition of "intentional homicide" differs among countries. Intentional homicide may or may not include infanticide, assisted suicide or euthanasia.[2]

Intentional homicide demographics are affected by changes in trauma care, leading to changed lethality of violent assaults, so the intentional homicide rate may not necessarily indicate the overall level of societal violence.[2] They may also be underreported for political reasons.[3][4] Another problem for the comparability of the following figures is that some data may include attempts. In general the values in these lists should not include failed attempts except when mentioned otherwise.

A study undertaken by the Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development estimated that there were approximately 490,000 intentional homicides in 2004. The study estimated that the global rate was 7.6 intentional homicides per 100,000 inhabitants for 2004.[5] For the year 2010 UNODC (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime) made a similar study. It presumed a number of 468,000 intentional homicides for this year. That would correspond to a worldwide rate of 6.9.[6]

Murder rate per 100,000 inhabitants in 2011.
  0-1
  1-2
  2-5
  5-10
  10-20
  >20

UNODC's global study[edit]

The UNODC made a study in 2012 that includes most countries of the world. The following lists show only the most recent data. Rates are calculated per 100,000 inhabitants. Intentional homicide in this case is defined as unlawful death purposefully inflicted on a person by another person.[7]

By region[edit]

UNODC murder rates most recent year
Region Rate Count
    Africa 17.0 169,105
    Americas 15.4 144,635
    Asia 3.1 127,120
    Europe 3.2 23,516
    Oceania 2.9 1,180
       World 6.9 466,078

By subregion[edit]

UNODC murder rates most recent year
Subregion Rate Count Region
    Eastern Africa 21.9 69,344 Africa
    Middle Africa 20.8 25,330 Africa
    Northern Africa 5.9 12,276 Africa
    Southern Africa 30.5 17,484 Africa
    Western Africa 15.4 44,671 Africa
    Caribbean 16.9 7,001 Americas
    Central America 28.5 44,997 Americas
    Northern America 3.9 13,558 Americas
    South America 20.0 79,039 Americas
    Central Asia 6.1 3,667 Asia
    Eastern Asia 1.3 19,828 Asia
    South-Eastern Asia 6.0 34,787 Asia
    Southern Asia 3.8 63,102 Asia
    Western Asia 2.6 5,736 Asia
    Eastern Europe 6.1 18,497 Europe
    Northern Europe 1.5 1,432 Europe
    Southern Europe 1.4 1,669 Europe
    Western Europe 1.0 1,852 Europe
    Australasia 1.0 268 Oceania
    Melanesia 11.1 898 Oceania
    Micronesia 2.5 10 Oceania
    Polynesia 0.1 3 Oceania

By country[edit]

Count and rate per 100,000 population

UNODC murder rates most recent year (full table here)
Country Rate Count Region Subregion
 Burundi 4.1 349 Africa Eastern Africa
 Comoros 12.2 85 Africa Eastern Africa
 Djibouti 3.4 29 Africa Eastern Africa
 Eritrea 17.8 879 Africa Eastern Africa
 Ethiopia 25.5 20,239 Africa Eastern Africa
 Kenya 20.1 7,733 Africa Eastern Africa
 Madagascar 8.1 1,588 Africa Eastern Africa
 Malawi 36.0 5,039 Africa Eastern Africa
 Mauritius 2.5 33 Africa Eastern Africa
 Mozambique 3.3 750 Africa Eastern Africa
 Rwanda 17.1 1,708 Africa Eastern Africa
 Seychelles 8.3 7 Africa Eastern Africa
 Somalia 1.5 138+ Africa Eastern Africa
 Uganda 36.3 11,373 Africa Eastern Africa
 Tanzania 24.5 10,357 Africa Eastern Africa
 Zambia 38.0 4,710 Africa Eastern Africa
 Zimbabwe 14.3 1,775 Africa Eastern Africa
 Angola 19.0 3,426 Africa Middle Africa
 Cameroon 19.7 3,700 Africa Middle Africa
 Central African Republic 29.3 1,240 Africa Middle Africa
 Chad 15.8 1,686 Africa Middle Africa
 Congo 30.8 1,180 Africa Middle Africa
 Democratic Republic of the Congo 21.7 13,558 Africa Middle Africa
 Equatorial Guinea 20.7 137 Africa Middle Africa
 São Tomé and Príncipe 1.9 3 Africa Middle Africa
 Gabon 13.8 200 Africa Middle Africa
 Algeria 1.5 516 Africa Northern Africa
 Egypt 1.2 992 Africa Northern Africa
 Libya 2.9 176+ Africa Northern Africa
 Morocco 1.4 447 Africa Northern Africa
 Sudan 24.2 10,028++ Africa Northern Africa
 Tunisia 1.1 117 Africa Northern Africa
 Botswana 14.5 287 Africa Southern Africa
 Lesotho 35.2 764 Africa Southern Africa
 Namibia 17.2 352 Africa Southern Africa
 South Africa 31.8 15,940 Africa Southern Africa
 Swaziland 12.9 141 Africa Southern Africa
 Benin 15.1 1,262 Africa Western Africa
 Burkina Faso 18.0 2,876 Africa Western Africa
 Cape Verde 11.6 56 Africa Western Africa
 Ivory Coast 56.9 10,801 Africa Western Africa
 Gambia 10.8 106 Africa Western Africa
 Ghana 15.7 3,646 Africa Western Africa
 Guinea 22.5 2,152 Africa Western Africa
 Guinea-Bissau 20.2 294 Africa Western Africa
 Liberia 10.1 371 Africa Western Africa
 Mali 8.0 1,157 Africa Western Africa
 Mauritania 14.7 485 Africa Western Africa
 Niger 3.8 552 Africa Western Africa
 Nigeria 12.2 18,422 Africa Western Africa
 Senegal 8.7 1,027 Africa Western Africa
 Sierra Leone 14.9 837 Africa Western Africa
 Togo 10.9 627 Africa Western Africa
 Anguilla 6.8 1 Americas Caribbean
 Antigua and Barbuda 6.8 6 Americas Caribbean
 Bahamas 36.6 127 Americas Caribbean
 Barbados 11.3 31 Americas Caribbean
 British Virgin Islands 8.6 2 Americas Caribbean
 Cayman Islands 8.4 5 Americas Caribbean
 Cuba 5.0 563 Americas Caribbean
 Dominica 22.1 15 Americas Caribbean
 Dominican Republic 25.0 2,513 Americas Caribbean
 Grenada 11.5 12 Americas Caribbean
 Guadeloupe 7.0 32 Americas Caribbean
 Haiti 6.9 689 Americas Caribbean
 Jamaica 40.9 1,125 Americas Caribbean
 Martinique 4.2 17 Americas Caribbean
 Montserrat 19.7 1 Americas Caribbean
 Puerto Rico 26.2 983 Americas Caribbean
 Saint Kitts and Nevis 38.2 20 Americas Caribbean
 Saint Lucia 25.2 44 Americas Caribbean
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 22.9 25 Americas Caribbean
 Trinidad and Tobago 35.2 472 Americas Caribbean
 Turks and Caicos Islands 8.7 3 Americas Caribbean
 U.S. Virgin Islands 39.2 43 Americas Caribbean
 Belize 41.4 129 Americas Central America
 Costa Rica 10.0 474 Americas Central America
 El Salvador 69.2 4,308 Americas Central America
 Guatemala 38.5 5,681 Americas Central America
 Honduras 91.6 7,104 Americas Central America
 Mexico 23.7 27,199+ Americas Central America
 Nicaragua 12.6 738 Americas Central America
 Panama 21.6 759 Americas Central America
 Bermuda 12.3 8 Americas Northern America
 Canada 1.6 554 Americas Northern America
 United States 4.8[8] 14,173 Americas Northern America
 Argentina 5.5 2237 Americas South America
 Bolivia 8.9 884 Americas South America
 Brazil 21.8 42,785 Americas South America
 Chile 3.7 639 Americas South America
 Colombia 30.8 14,670+ Americas South America
 Ecuador 18.2 2,638 Americas South America
 French Guiana 13.3 30 Americas South America
 Guyana 18.6 140 Americas South America
 Paraguay 11.5 741 Americas South America
 Peru 10.3 2,969 Americas South America
 Suriname 4.6 24 Americas South America
 Uruguay 5.9 199 Americas South America
 Venezuela 53.7[9] 13,080 Americas South America
 Kazakhstan 8.8 1,418 Asia Central Asia
 Kyrgyzstan 20.1 1,072 Asia Central Asia
 Tajikistan 2.1 143 Asia Central Asia
 Turkmenistan 4.2 203 Asia Central Asia
 Uzbekistan 3.1 831 Asia Central Asia
 China 1.0 13,410 Asia Eastern Asia
 Taiwan 3.2 743 Asia Eastern Asia
 North Korea 15.2 3,658 Asia Eastern Asia
 Hong Kong 0.2 17 Asia Eastern Asia
 Japan 0.3 442 Asia Eastern Asia
 Macau 0.7 4 Asia Eastern Asia
 Mongolia 8.7 239 Asia Eastern Asia
 South Korea[note 1][note 2] 2.6 1,251 Asia Eastern Asia
 Brunei 0.5 2 Asia South-Eastern Asia
 Cambodia 3.4 448 Asia South-Eastern Asia
 Indonesia 8.1 18,963 Asia South-Eastern Asia
 Laos 4.6 279 Asia South-Eastern Asia
 Malaysia 2.3 604 Asia South-Eastern Asia
 Myanmar 10.2 4,800 Asia South-Eastern Asia
 Philippines 5.4 4,947 Asia South-Eastern Asia
 Singapore 0.3 16 Asia South-Eastern Asia
 Thailand 4.8 3,307 Asia South-Eastern Asia
 Timor-Leste 6.9 75 Asia South-Eastern Asia
 Vietnam 1.6 1,346 Asia South-Eastern Asia
 Afghanistan 2.4 712+ Asia Southern Asia
 Bangladesh 2.7 3,988 Asia Southern Asia
 Bhutan 1.0 7 Asia Southern Asia
 India 3.5 42,923 Asia Southern Asia
 Iran 3.0 2,215 Asia Southern Asia
 Maldives 1.6 5 Asia Southern Asia
   Nepal 2.8 818 Asia Southern Asia
 Pakistan 7.8 13,860+ Asia Southern Asia
 Sri Lanka 3.6 745 Asia Southern Asia
 Armenia 1.4 44 Europe Eastern Europe
 Azerbaijan 2.2 206 Asia Western Asia
 Bahrain 0.6 6 Asia Western Asia
 Cyprus 1.7 19 Asia Western Asia
 Iraq 2.0 608+ Asia Western Asia
 Israel 2.1 159+ Asia Western Asia
 Jordan 1.8 100 Asia Western Asia
 Kuwait 2.2 59 Asia Western Asia
 Lebanon 2.2 95 Asia Western Asia
 Palestine 4.1 145+ Asia Western Asia
 Oman 0.7 18 Asia Western Asia
 Qatar 0.9 13 Asia Western Asia
 Saudi Arabia 0.8 234 Asia Western Asia
 Turkey 3.3 2,320 Asia Western Asia
 United Arab Emirates 0.8 39 Asia Western Asia
 Yemen 4.2 990+ Asia Western Asia
 Belarus 4.9 473 Europe Eastern Europe
 Bulgaria 3.6 267 Europe Eastern Europe
 Czech Republic 0.8 83 Europe Eastern Europe
 Georgia 2.5 107 Europe Eastern Europe
 Hungary 1.3 133 Europe Eastern Europe
 Poland 1.1 436 Europe Eastern Europe
 Moldova 7.5 267 Europe Eastern Europe
 Romania 2.0 421 Europe Eastern Europe
 Russia 9.7 13,826 Europe Eastern Europe
 Slovakia 1.5 84 Europe Eastern Europe
 Ukraine 5.2 2,356 Europe Eastern Europe
 Denmark 0.9 47 Europe Northern Europe
 Estonia 5.2 70 Europe Northern Europe
 Finland 2.2 118 Europe Northern Europe
 Greenland 19.2 11 Europe Northern Europe
 Iceland 0.3 1 Europe Northern Europe
 Ireland 1.2 54 Europe Northern Europe
 Latvia 3.1 70 Europe Northern Europe
 Lithuania 6.6 219 Europe Northern Europe
 Norway 2.2 111 Europe Northern Europe
 Sweden 1.0 91 Europe Northern Europe
 United Kingdom 1.2 722 Europe Northern Europe
 Albania 4.0 127 Europe Southern Europe
 Andorra 1.3 1 Europe Southern Europe
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.5 56 Europe Southern Europe
 Croatia 1.4 62 Europe Southern Europe
 Greece 1.5 176 Europe Southern Europe
 Italy 0.9 529 Europe Southern Europe
 Malta 1.0 4 Europe Southern Europe
 Montenegro 3.5 22 Europe Southern Europe
 Portugal 1.2 124 Europe Southern Europe
 Serbia 1.2 123 Europe Southern Europe
 Slovenia 0.7 15 Europe Southern Europe
 Spain 0.8 390 Europe Southern Europe
 Macedonia 1.9 40 Europe Southern Europe
 Austria 0.6 56 Europe Western Europe
 Belgium 1.7 180 Europe Western Europe
 France 1.1 682 Europe Western Europe
 Germany 0.8 690 Europe Western Europe
 Liechtenstein 2.8 1 Europe Western Europe
 Luxembourg 0.8 4 Europe Western Europe
 Monaco 0.0 0 Europe Western Europe
 Netherlands 1.1 179 Europe Western Europe
  Switzerland 0.7 52 Europe Western Europe
 Australia 1.0 229 Oceania Australasia
 New Zealand 0.9 39 Oceania Australasia
 Fiji 2.8 23 Oceania Melanesia
 Papua New Guinea 13.0 854 Oceania Melanesia
 Solomon Islands 3.7 19 Oceania Melanesia
 Vanuatu 0.9 2 Oceania Melanesia
 Guam 0.6 1 Oceania Micronesia
 Kiribati 7.3 7 Oceania Micronesia
 Federated States of Micronesia 0.9 1 Oceania Micronesia
 Nauru 9.8 1 Oceania Micronesia
 Palau 0.0 0 Oceania Micronesia
 French Polynesia 0.4 1 Oceania Polynesia
 Samoa 1.1 2 Oceania Polynesia
 Tonga 1.0 1 Oceania Polynesia

Top 10 highest rates since 1995[edit]

Top 10 Highest Homicide Rates by Country since 1995 [10]
Rank Country Year Rate Count
1  El Salvador 1995 139.1 7,977
2  El Salvador 1996 117.3 6,792
3  El Salvador 1997 112.6 6,573
4  El Salvador 1998 95.0 5,584
5  Honduras 2011 91.6 7,104
6  Honduras 2010 82.1 6,239
7  Colombia 1996 71.8 26,642
8  El Salvador 2009 71.1 4,382
9  Honduras 2009 70.7 5,265
10  Colombia 2002 70.2 28,837
10  El Salvador 2011 70.2 4,371

Country subdivisions[edit]

Australia[edit]

Canada[edit]

Mexico[edit]

United States[edit]

See also[edit]

Criminology:

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Statistics includes attempted murder, aiding and abetting of murder, murder conspiracy and others. "Footnote #1 of 09 5대범죄 발생, 검거 현황 (Status for occurrence and arrest of 5 major crimes) by Korea National Police Agency.". 
  2. ^ The number of actual deaths by those crimes is only 184. "'5 피해정도' chapter of '2011 살인(37-44)' statistics by Supreme Prosecutors' Office Republic of Korea.".  That is equivalent to 0.38 deaths per 100,000 inhabitants.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Richards, Patsy (1999-05-27). "Homicide statistics, research paper 99/56" (PDF). House of commons library, Social and general statistics section. p. 29. Retrieved 2007-01-11. 
  2. ^ a b Harris, Anthony R.; Stephen H. Thomas; Gene A. Fisher; David J. Hirsch (May 2002). "Murder and medicine: the lethality of criminal assault 1960–1999" (fee required). Homicide studies 6 (2): 128–166. doi:10.1177/1088767902006002003. Retrieved 2006-12-08. 
  3. ^ Fry, Don. Believing the news ISBN 0-935742-11-5, ISBN 978-0-935742-11-4
  4. ^ Vizzard, William J. Shots in the dark ISBN 0-8476-9560-3, ISBN 978-0-8476-9560-7
  5. ^ "Global Burden of Armed Violence Report". Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development. 
  6. ^ "Global Study on Homicide". UNODC. 
  7. ^ "Homicide Statistics 2012". UNODC. 
  8. ^ "FBI Uniform Crime Report". Rate: Number of Crimes per 100,000 Inhabitants. 2012. 
  9. ^ "Global Study on Homicide 2013". UNODC. Retrieved 24 April 2014. 
  10. ^ [1], UNODC Homicide Chart by Country
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h Dearden, Jack; Jones, Warwick (pdf). Homicide in Australia: 2006-07 National Homicide Monitoring Program annual report (Report). Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology. p. 113. http://www.aic.gov.au/documents/0/B/6/%7B0B619F44-B18B-47B4-9B59-F87BA643CBAA%7Dfacts11.pdf.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h Homicide Statistics: 2011 Australian Government report (Report). Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology.
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h (pdf) Recorded Crime-Victims (Report). Canberra: Australian Bureau of Statistics. http://www.ausstats.abs.gov.au/Ausstats/subscriber.nsf/0/990A014955F3818DCA2577360017E331/$File/45100_2009.pdf.
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Canada Summary Tables". Statistics Canada. 
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae "Mexican Crime Stats 2010". RRS y Asociados, S.C. 
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae "Mexican Crime Stats 2011". RRS y Asociados, S.C. 
  17. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay "State-by-state and National Crime Estimates by Year(s)". Federal Bureau of Investigation. 
  18. ^ "UNODC Homicide Statistics". Universidad de Puerto Rico. 
  19. ^ "Homicide Trends 2003–2008". UNODC. 

External links[edit]