List of countries and dependencies and their capitals in native languages

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The following chart lists countries and dependencies along with their capital cities, in English as well as any additional official language(s).

A[edit]

Country (exonym) Capital (exonym) Country (endonym) Capital (endonym) Official or native language(s) (alphabet/script)
Abkhazia[1] Sukhumi Apsny
Аҧсны
Abkhaziya
Абхазия
Aqwa
Аҟəа
Sukhum
Сухум
Abkhaz
(Abkhaz Cyrillic script)
Russian
(Cyrillic script)
Afghanistan Kabul Afghanestan
افغانستان
Kaalu
كابل
Pashto/Dari
(Arabic script)
Albania Tirana Shqipëria Tiranë Albanian
Algeria Algiers Dzayer
ⴷⵣⴰⵢⴻⵔ
Al-Jazā'ir
الجزائر
Dzayer
ⴷⵣⴰⵢⴻⵔ
Al-Jazā'ir
الجزائر
Berber language
(Tifinagh script)
Arabic
(Arabic script)
American Samoa[2] Pago Pago Amerika Sāmoa
American Samoa
Pago Pago
Pago Pago
Samoan
English
Andorra Andorra la Vella Andorra Andorra la Vella Catalan
Angola Luanda Angola Luanda Portuguese
Anguilla[3] The Valley Anguilla The Valley English
Antigua and Barbuda Saint John's Antigua and Barbuda St. John's English
Argentina Buenos Aires Argentina Buenos Aires Spanish
Armenia Yerevan Hayastán
Հայաստան
Yerevan
Երեվան
Armenian
(Armenian alphabet)
Aruba[4] Oranjestad Aruba
Aruba
Oranjestad
Oranjestad
Dutch
Papiamento
Australia Canberra Australia Canberra English/ Aboriginal native languages
Austria Vienna Österreich Wien German
Azerbaijan Baku Azərbaycan
Bakı
Azerbaijani
(Latin script)

B[edit]

Country (exonym) Capital (exonym) Country (endonym) Capital (endonym) Official or native language(s) (alphabet/script)
The Bahamas Nassau The Bahamas Nassau English
Bahrain Manama Al-Baḥrayn
البحرين
Al-Manāmah
المنامة
Arabic
(Arabic script)
Bangladesh Dhaka Bangladesh
বাংলাদেশ
Dhaka
ঢাকা
Bengali
(Bengali script)
Barbados Bridgetown Barbados Bridgetown English
Belarus Minsk Bielaruś
Беларусь
Belarus
Беларусь
Minsk
Мінск
Minsk
Минск
Belarusian
(Cyrillic script)
Russian
(Cyrillic script)
Belgium Brussels België
Belgique
Belgien
Brussel
Bruxelles
Brüssel
Dutch
French
German
Belize Belmopan English
Benin Porto-Novo Bénin Porto-Novo French
Bermuda[3] Hamilton English
Bhutan Thimphu Druk Yul
འབྲུག་ཡུལ
Thimphu
ཐིམ་ཕུ
Dzongkha
Bolivia La Paz Bolivia
Buliwya
Wuliwya
Volívia
La Paz
Chuqiyapu
Chuqiyapu
La Paz
Spanish
Quechua
Aymara
Guaraní
Bosnia and Herzegovina Sarajevo Bosna i Hercegovina
Босна и Херцеговина
Sarajevo
Сарајево
Bosnian, Serbian, Croatian
(Cyrillic script)
Botswana Gaborone English
Brazil Brasília Brasil Brasília Portuguese
British Virgin Islands[3] Road Town English
Brunei Bandar Seri Begawan Brunei
بروني
Bandar Seri Begawan or Bandar
باندر سري بڬاون
Malay
(Jawi script)
Bulgaria Sofia Bulgariya or Bălgarija
България
Sofiya or Sofija[5]
София
Bulgarian
(Cyrillic script)
Burkina Faso Ouagadougou French
Burma Naypyidaw Myanma
မြန်မာ
Nay Pyi Taw
နေပြည်တော်
Burmese
(Burmese alphabet)
Burundi Bujumbura Kirundi, French

C[edit]

Country (exonym) Capital (exonym) Country (endonym) Capital (endonym) Official or native language(s) (alphabet/script)
Cambodia Phnom Penh Kampuchea
កម្ពុជា
Phnom Penh
ភ្នំពេញ
Khmer
ខ្មែរ
Cameroon Yaoundé Cameroun
Cameroon
Yaoundé
Yaoundé
French
English
Canada Ottawa English
French
Indigenous
Cape Verde Praia Cabo Verde Praia Portuguese
Cayman Islands[3] George Town English
Central African Republic Bangui République Centrafricaine
Ködörösêse tî Bêafrîka
Bangui
Bangî
French
Sango
Chad N'Djamena Tchad
Tšād
تشاد
Ndjamena
Nijāmīnā
نجامينا
French
Arabic
(Arabic script)
Chile Santiago Spanish
China (People's Republic of China)[1] Beijing Zhōngguó (Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó)
中國 (中華人民共和國)
中国 (中华人民共和国)
Běijīng
北京
北京
Mandarin Chinese
(Traditional Chinese characters)
(Simplified Chinese characters)
Christmas Island[6] Flying Fish Cove English
Cocos Islands[6] West Island English
Colombia Bogotá Spanish
Comoros Moroni Komori
Juzur al-Qamar
جزر القمر
Comores
Moroni
Moroni
موروني
Moroni
Shikomor
Arabic
(Arabic script)
French
Cook Islands[7] Avarua English
Costa Rica San José Spanish
Côte d'Ivoire Yamoussoukro French
Croatia Zagreb Hrvatska Zagreb Croatian
Cuba Havana Cuba La Habana Spanish
Curaçao[4] Willemstad Curaçao
Kòrsou
Curaçao
Willemstad
Willemstad
Willemstad
Dutch
Papiamento
English
Cyprus Nicosia Kypros
Κύπρος
Kıbrıs
Lefkosia
Λευκωσία
Lefkoşa
Greek
(Greek alphabet)
Turkish
Czech Republic Prague Česká republika
Česko
Praha Czech

D[edit]

Country (exonym) Capital (exonym) Country (endonym) Capital (endonym) Official or native language(s) (alphabet/script)
Democratic Republic of the Congo Kinshasa République démocratique du Congo Kinshasa French
Denmark Copenhagen Danmark København Danish
Djibouti Djibouti Jībūtī
جيبوتي
Djibouti
Jībūtī
جيبوتي
Djibouti
Arabic
(Arabic script)
French
Dominica Roseau English
Dominican Republic Santo Domingo República Dominicana Santo Domingo Spanish

E[edit]

Country (exonym) Capital (exonym) Country (endonym) Capital (endonym) Official or native language(s) (alphabet/script)
East Timor Díli Timor Lorosa'e
Timor-Leste
Díli
Díli
Tetum
Portuguese
Ecuador Quito Spanish
Egypt Cairo Misr or Masr
مصر
Al-Qāhirah
القاهرة
Arabic
(Arabic script)
El Salvador San Salvador Spanish
Equatorial Guinea Malabo Guinea Ecuatorial Malabo Spanish
Eritrea Asmara Iritriya
إرتريا
Erta
ኤርትራ
Asmaraa
أسمرا
Asmära
አሥመራ
Arabic
(Arabic script)
Tigrinya
Estonia Tallinn Eesti Tallinn Estonian
Ethiopia Addis Ababa Ityop'ia
ኢትዮጵያ
Addis Abäba
አዲስ አበ
Amharic

F[edit]

Country (exonym) Capital (exonym) Country (endonym) Capital (endonym) Official or native language(s) (alphabet/script)
Falkland Islands[3] Stanley Falkland Islands English
Faroe Islands[8] Tórshavn Føroyar
Færøerne
Tórshavn
Thorshavn
Faroese
Danish
Fiji Suva Fiji
Viti
फ़िजी
Suva English
Fijian
Fiji Hindi
Finland Helsinki Suomi
Finland
Helsinki
Helsingfors
Finnish
Swedish
France Paris French
French Guiana[9] Cayenne Guyane Cayenne French
French Polynesia[10] Papeete Polynésie française Papeete French

G[edit]

Country (exonym) Capital (exonym) Country (endonym) Capital (endonym) Official or native language(s) (alphabet/script)
Gabon Libreville French
The Gambia Banjul English
Georgia Tbilisi Sak'art'velo
საქართველო
Tbilisi
თბილისი
Georgian
(Georgian alphabet)
Germany Berlin Deutschland Berlin German
Ghana Accra English
Akan
Fante
Twi
Ga
Dagbani
Ewe
Gibraltar[3] Gibraltar English
Greece Athens Hellas
Ελλάς or Ellada
Ελλάδα
Athinai
Αθήναι or Athina
Αθήνα
Greek
(Greek alphabet)
Greenland[8] Nuuk Kalaallit Nunaat
Grønland
Nuuk
Godthåb
Greenlandic
Danish
Grenada St. George's English
Guadeloupe[9] Basse-Terre French
Guam[2] Hagåtña
formerly Agaña
Guåhån Hagåtña English
Chamorro
Guatemala Guatemala City Guatemala La Nueva Guatemala de la Asunción Spanish
Guernsey[11] Saint Peter Port English
Guinea Conakry Guinée
Gine
Gine
Conakry
Kɔnakiri
Konakiri
French
Maninka, Susu
Pular
Guinea-Bissau Bissau Guiné-Bissau Bissau Portuguese
Guyana Georgetown English

H[edit]

Country (exonym) Capital (exonym) Country (endonym) Capital (endonym) Official or native language(s) (alphabet/script)
Haiti Port-au-Prince Haïti
Ayiti
Port-au-Prince
Pòtoprens
French
Haitian Creole
Honduras Tegucigalpa Spanish
Hong Kong[12] Hong Kong
Heung Gong
香港
English
Cantonese Chinese
(Traditional Chinese characters)
Hungary Budapest Magyarország Budapest Hungarian

I[edit]

Country (exonym) Capital (exonym) Country (endonym) Capital (endonym) Official or native language(s) (alphabet/script)
Iceland Reykjavík Ísland Reykjavík Icelandic
India New Delhi Bharôt
ভাৰত
Bharôt
ভারত
India
Bhārat
ભારત
Bhārat
भारत
Bhārata
ಭಾರತ
Bhārat
भारत
Inḍya, Bhāratam
ഇന്ത്യ, ഭാരതം
Bhārat
भारत
Bhārat
भारत
Bharôtô
ଭାରତ
Bhārat
ਭਾਰਤ
Bhāratam
भारतम्
Indiyā, Bārata
இந்தியா, பாரத
Bhāratadēsam
భారత దేశం
Nôtun Dilli
নতুন দিল্লী
Nôtun Dilli
নতুন দিল্লী
New Delhi
Navī Dilhī
નવી દિલ્હી
Naī Dillī
नई दिल्ली
Nava Dehali
ನವ ದೆಹಲಿ
Navī Dillī
नवी दिल्ली
Nyūḍalhi
ന്യൂഡല്ഹി
Navī Dillī
नवी दिल्ली
Naya Dilli
नयाँ दिल्ली
Nūadillī
ନୂଆଦିଲ୍ଲୀ
Navīñ Dillī
ਨਵੀਂ ਦਿੱਲੀ
Nava Dehalī
दिल्ली
Puduḍilli
புதுடில்லி
Krothha ḍhillī
క్రొత్త ఢిల్లీ
Assamese
(Assamese script)
Bengali
(Bengali script)
English
Gujarati
(Gujarāti script)
Hindi
(Devanagari script)
Kannada
(Kannada script)
Konkani
(Devanagari script)
Malayalam
(Malayalam script)
Marathi
(Devanagari script)
Nepali
(Devanagari script)
Oriya
(Oriya script)
Punjabi
(Gurmukhi script)
Sanskrit
(Devanagari script)
Tamil
(Tamil script)
Telugu
(Telugu script)
Kashmiri
Indonesia Jakarta Indonesia Jakarta Bahasa Indonesia
Iran Tehran Īrān
ایران
Tehrān
تهران
Persian
(Arabic script)
Iraq Baghdad Al-'Iraq
العراق
Îraq
Baghdad
بغداد
Bexda
Arabic
(Arabic script)
Kurdish
Ireland Dublin Éire
Ireland
Baile Átha Cliath
Dublin
Irish
English
Isle of Man[11] Douglas Isle of Man
Ellan Vannin
Douglas
Doolish
English
Manx
Israel Jerusalem yisrael
ישראל
Isrā'īl
إسرائيل
Yerushalayim
יְרוּשָׁלַיִם
al-Quds
القدس
Hebrew
(Hebrew alphabet)
Arabic
(Arabic alphabet)
Italy Rome Italia Roma Italian

J[edit]

Country (exonym) Capital (exonym) Country (endonym) Capital (endonym) Official or native language(s) (alphabet/script)
Jamaica Kingston English
Japan Tokyo Nihon
Nippon
日本
Tōkyō
東京
Japanese
(Japanese characters)
Jersey[11] St. Helier Jersey
Jersey
Jèrri
St. Helier
Saint Hélier
Saint Hélyi
English
French
Jèrriais
Jordan Amman Al-’Urdun
الأردن
‘Ammān
عمان
Arabic
(Arabic script)

K[edit]

Country (exonym) Capital (exonym) Country (endonym) Capital (endonym) Official or native language(s) (alphabet/script)
Kazakhstan Astana Qazaqstan
Қазақстан
قازاقستان
Kazakhstán
Казахстан
Astana
Астана
استانا قالاسى
Astana
Астана
Kazakh
(Cyrillic script)
(Arabic script)
Russian
(Cyrillic script)
Kenya Nairobi English, Swahili
Kiribati Tarawa[13]
English, Gilbertese
Kosovo[1] Prishtinë Kosova, Косово
Prishtinë, Приштина (Priština)
Albanian, Serbian
(Latin, Cyrillic)
Kuwait Kuwait City Al-Kuwayt
الكويت
Al-Kuwayt
الكويت
Arabic
(Arabic script)
Kyrgyzstan Bishkek Kyrgyzstan
Кыргызстан
Kirgizija
Киргизия
Bishkek
Бишкек
Bishkek
Бишкек
Kyrgyz
(Cyrillic script)
Russian
(Cyrillic script)

L[edit]

Country (exonym) Capital (exonym) Country (endonym) Capital (endonym) Official or native language(s) (alphabet/script)
Laos Vientiane Lao
ປະເທດລາວ
Vientiane or Vieng Chan
ວຽງຈັນ
Lao
Lao alphabet
Latvia Riga Latvija Rīga Latvian
Lebanon Beirut Lubnān
لبنان
Bayrūt
بيروت
Arabic
(Arabic script)
Lesotho Maseru Sesotho, English
Liberia Monrovia English
Libya Tripoli Libya
ⵍⵉⴱⵢⴰ
Lībiyā
ليبيا
Ṭrables
ⵟⵔⴰⴱⵍⴻⵙ
Tarabulus
طرابلس
Berber language
(Tifinagh script)
Arabic
(Arabic script)
Liechtenstein Vaduz Liechtenstein Vaduz German
Lithuania Vilnius Lietuva Vilnius Lithuanian
Luxembourg Luxembourg Lëtzebuerg
Luxemburg
Luxembourg
Lëtzebuerg
Luxemburg
Luxembourg
Luxembourgish
German
French

M[edit]

Country (exonym) Capital (exonym) Country (endonym) Capital (endonym) Official or native language(s) (alphabet/script)
Macedonia Skopje Makedonija
Македонија
Skopje
Скопје
Macedonian
(Cyrillic script)
Madagascar Antananarivo Madagasikara
Madagascar
Antananarivo
Antananarivo/Tananarive
Malagasy
French
Malawi Lilongwe English, Chichewa
Malaysia Kuala Lumpur Malaysia Kuala Lumpur Bahasa Malaysia
Maldives Malé Dhivehi Raajje
ދިވެހިރާއްޖެ
Malé
މާލެ
Dhivehi
(Thaana script)
Mali Bamako Mali
Mali
Bamako
Bamakɔ
French
Bambara
Malta Valletta Malta Valletta or Il-Belt Valletta Maltese
Marshall Islands Majuro English, Marshallese
Martinique[9] Fort-de-France French
Mauritania Nouakchott Muritan / Agawec
ⵎⵓⵔⵉⵜⴰⵏ / ⴰⴳⴰⵡⵛ
Mūrītānyā
موريتانيا
Nwakcuṭ / anu ukcuḍ
ⵏⵡⴰⴽⵛⵓⵟ / ⴰⵏⵓ ⵓⴽⵛⵓⴹ
nwakšūṭ
نواكشوط / أنو ؤكشوض
Berber language
(Tifinagh script)
Arabic
(Arabic script)
Mauritius Port Louis Maurice Port Louis English
French
Mayotte[9] Mamoudzou Mayotte Mamoudzou French
Mexico Mexico City México
Mēxihco
Ciudad de México
Āltepētl Mēxihco
Spanish
Nahuatl
Federated States of Micronesia Palikir English
Moldova Chișinău Moldova Chișinău Romanian
Monaco Monaco French
Mongolia Ulaanbaatar Mongol Uls
Монгол Улс
Ulaanbaatar
Улаанбаатар
Mongolian
(Cyrillic script)
Montenegro Podgorica Crna Gora
Црна Гора
Podgorica
Подгорица
Montenegrin
Montserrat[3] Brades Estate[14] English
Morocco Rabat Amerruk / Elmeɣrib
ⴰⵎⵔⵔⵓⴽ / ⵍⵎⵖⵔⵉⴱ
Al-maɣréb
المغرب
Errbaṭ
ⵔⵔⴱⴰⵟ
Ar-ribaaṭ
الرباط
Berber language
(Tifinagh script)
Arabic
(Arabic script)
Mozambique Maputo Moçambique Maputo Portuguese

N[edit]

Country (exonym) Capital (exonym) Country (endonym) Capital (endonym) Official or native language(s) (alphabet/script)
Nagorno-Karabakh
Namibia Windhoek Namibia Windhoek
Windhuk
Windhoek
/Ae-//Gams
Otjomuise
English
German
Afrikaans
Damara/Nama
Herero
Nauru Yaren (de facto)[15] Nauru
Naoero
English
Nauruan
Nepal Kathmandu Nepāla
नेपाल
Kāṭhamāṇḍauṃ
काठमाण्डौं
Kāntipura
कान्तिपुर
Yen Dey
येँ देय्‌
Nepali
Devanagari
English
Netherlands Amsterdam Nederland
Nederlân
Amsterdam
Amsterdam
Dutch
Frisian
New Caledonia[16] Nouméa Nouvelle-Calédonie Nouméa French
New Zealand[17] Wellington New Zealand
Aotearoa
Wellington
Poneke/Te Whanganui-a-Tara
English
Māori
Nicaragua Managua Spanish
Niger Niamey French
Nigeria Abuja English, Hausa, Igbo, Yoruba, Pidgin English, Ibibio, Efik
Niue[7] Alofi Niuē
Niue
Alofi
Alofi
Niuean
English
Norfolk Island[6] Kingston English
North Korea[1] P'yŏngyang Chosŏn as called in NK
조선 / 朝鮮
Buk-han
P'yŏngyang
평양 / 平壌
Korean
(Hangul/Hanja)
Northern Cyprus[1] North Nicosia Kuzey Kıbrıs Kuzey Lefkoşa Turkish
Northern Mariana Islands[2] Saipan English
Norway Oslo Norge
Noreg
Oslo
Oslo
Norwegian Bokmål
Norwegian Nynorsk

O[edit]

Country (exonym) Capital (exonym) Country (endonym) Capital (endonym) Country (endonym) Official or native language(s) (alphabet/script)
Oman Muscat ‘Umān
عُمان
Masqaṭ
مسقط
Arabic
(Arabic script)

P[edit]

Country (exonym) Capital (exonym) Country (endonym) Capital (endonym) Official or native language(s) (alphabet/script)
Pakistan Islamabad Pākistān (Islamic Republic of Pakistan)
پاکستان
Islāmabād (A Peace of Haven)
اسلام‌اباد
Urdu, English,[Hindco,Punjabi, Pushto, Balochi, Sindhi, Seraiki, Keshmiri, ]
Palau Ngerulmud Belau Ngerulmud English, Palauan
Palestinian National Authority[1] Ramallah and Gaza Filastīn
فلسطين
Rāmallāh, Ġazzah
رام الله, غزة
Arabic
(Arabic script)
Panama Panama City Panamá Panamá Spanish
Papua New Guinea Port Moresby Papua New Guinea
Papua Niugini
Papua Niugini
Port Moresby
Pot Mosbi
Pot Mosbi
English
Tok Pisin
Hiri Motu
Paraguay Asunción Paraguay
Paraguái
Asunción
Paraguay
Spanish
Guaraní
Peru Lima Perú Lima Spanish
Philippines Manila Pilipinas
Philippines
Filipinas
pilipins+
Maynila
Manila
Manila
My+nil
Filipino / Tagalog
English
Spanish
Baybayin
Pitcairn Islands[3] Adamstown English
Poland Warsaw Polska Warszawa Polish
Portugal Lisbon Portugal Lisboa Portuguese
Puerto Rico[2] San Juan Spanish

Q[edit]

Country (exonym) Capital (exonym) Country (endonym) Capital (endonym) Official or native language(s) (alphabet/script)
Qatar Doha Qaṭar
قطر
Ad-Dawḥah
الدوحة
Arabic
(Arabic script)

R[edit]

Country (exonym) Capital (exonym) Country (endonym) Capital (endonym) Official or native language(s) (alphabet/script)
Republic of the Congo Brazzaville République du Congo Brazzaville French
Réunion[9] Saint-Denis Réunion Saint-Denis French
Romania Bucharest România București Romanian
Russia Moscow Rossiya or Rossiâ
Россия1
Moskva
Москва
Russian
(Cyrillic script)
Rwanda Kigali French, Kinyarwanda, English

S[edit]

Country (exonym) Capital (exonym) Country (endonym) Capital (endonym) Official or native language(s) (alphabet/script)
Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic El Aaiún
Saint Barthélemy[10] Gustavia Saint-Barthélemy Gustavia French
Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha[3] Jamestown English
Saint Kitts and Nevis Basseterre English
Saint Martin[10] Marigot Saint-Martin Marigot French
Saint Lucia Castries English
Saint Pierre and Miquelon[10] Saint-Pierre Saint-Pierre et Miquelon Saint-Pierre French
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Kingstown English
Samoa Apia English
Samoan
San Marino San Marino Italian
São Tomé and Príncipe São Tomé São Tomé e Príncipe São Tomé Portuguese
Saudi Arabia Riyadh Al-Mamlaka Al-‘Arabiyyah as Sa‘ūdiyyah
المملكة العربية السعودية
Ar-Riyāḍ
الرياض
Arabic
(Arabic script)
Senegal Dakar Sénégal Dakar French
Serbia Belgrade Srbija
Србија
Beograd
Београд
Serbian
(Cyrillic script)
Seychelles Victoria Sesel
Seychelles
Seychelles
Victoria or Port Victoria Seychellois Creole
French
English
Sierra Leone Freetown English
Singapore Singapore City Singapura
Singapore
Xīnjiāpō
新加坡
Singapur
சிங்கப்பூர்
Malay
English
Mandarin Chinese
(Simplified Chinese characters)
Tamil
(Tamil script)
Sint Maarten[4] Philipsburg Sint Maarten
Sint Maarten
Philipsburg
Philipsburg
Dutch
English
Slovakia Bratislava Slovensko Bratislava Slovak
Slovenia Ljubljana Slovenija Ljubljana Slovene
Solomon Islands Honiara Solomon Islands
Solomon Aelan
Honiara
Honiala
English
Neo-Solomonic
Somalia Mogadishu Soomaaliya
aş-Şūmāl
الصومال
Muqdisho
Maqadīshū
مقديشو
Somali
Arabic
(Arabic script)
Somaliland Hargeisa
South Africa Pretoria (administrative capital), Cape Town (legislative capital), Bloemfontein, (judicial capital) South Africa
Suid-Afrika
iNingizimu Afrika
uMzantsi Afrika
Afrika-Borwa
Afrika Borwa
Aforika Borwa
Afurika Tshipembe
Afrika Dzonga
iNingizimu Afrika
iSewula Afrika
Pretoria, Cape Town
Pretoria, Kaapstad
iPitoli, iKapa
iPitoli, iKapa
Pretoria
Pretoria
Pretoria
Pretoria
Pitori
iPitoli
iPitori
English
Afrikaans
isiZulu
isiXhosa
Pedi
Sotho
Tswana
Venda
Tsonga
Swazi
Ndebele
South Korea Seoul Hanguk as called in SK
한국 / 韓國
Nam-josŏn
Seoul
서울
Korean
(Hangul/Hanja)
South Sudan Juba English
South Ossetia[1] Tskhinval Khussar Iryston
Хуссар Ирыстон
Samkhret Oseti
სამხრეთი ოსეთი
Южная Осетия
Yuzhnaya Osetiya
Chreba
Чъреба
Tskhinvali
ცხინვალი
Tskhinval
Цхинвал
Ossetic
Georgian
Russian
Spain Madrid España
Espanya
Espainia
Espanha
Madrid
Madrid
Madril
Madrid
Spanish/Galician
Catalan
Basque
Aranese
Sri Lanka Sri Jayawardenapura Kotte Sri Lankā
ශ්‍රී ලංකාව
இலங்கை
Sri Jayawardenapura Kotte
ශ්‍රී ජයවර්ධනපුර කෝට්ටේ
ஶ்ரீ ஜெயவர்த்தனபுரம் கோட்டை
Sinhala
Tamil
Sudan Khartoum As-Sudan
السودان
Al-Khartûm
الخرطوم
Arabic
(Arabic script)
Suriname Paramaribo Dutch
Svalbard[18] Longyearbyen Svalbard Longyearbyen Norwegian
Swaziland Mbabane English
Sweden Stockholm Sverige Stockholm Swedish
Switzerland Bern Schweiz
Suisse
Svizzera
Svizra
Bern
Berne
Berna
Berna
German
French
Italian
Romansh
Syria Damascus Suriyah
سورية
Dimashq / Ash-Sham
الشام / دمشق
Arabic
(Arabic script)

T[edit]

Country (exonym) Capital (exonym) Country (endonym) Capital (endonym) Official or native language(s) (alphabet/script)
Taiwan (Republic of China)
[1]
Taipei Zhōnghuá Mínguó or Táiwan
中華民國 or 臺灣/台灣
Táiběi
臺北/台北
Chinese
(Traditional Chinese characters)
Tajikistan Dushanbe Tojikistan
Тоҷикистон
Dushanbe
Душанбе
Tajiki-Persian
(Cyrilic)
Tanzania Dodoma English
Thailand Bangkok Mueang Thai, Prathet Thai, Ratcha-anachak Thai
เมืองไทย, ประเทศไทย, ราชอาณาจักรไทย
Krung Thep Maha Nakhon
กรุงเทพฯ, กรุงเทพมหานคร
Thai
Togo Lomé French
Tokelau[19] English
Tonga Nukuʻalofa Tonga Nukuʻalofa Tongan
Transnistria Tiraspol
Trinidad and Tobago Port of Spain English
Tunisia Tunis Tunes
ⵜⵓⵏⵙ
Tūns
تونس
Tunes
ⵜⵓⵏⵙ
Tūns
تونس
Berber language
(Tifinagh script)
Arabic
(Arabic script)
Turkey Ankara Türkiye Ankara Turkish
Turkmenistan Ashgabat Türkmenistan Aşgabat Turkmen
Turks and Caicos Islands[3] Cockburn Town English
Tuvalu Fongafale (in Funafuti) English

U[edit]

Country (exonym) Capital (exonym) Country (endonym) Capital (endonym) Official or native language(s) (alphabet/script)
Uganda Kampala English
Ukraine Kyiv Ukraїna
Україна
Kyїv
Київ
Ukrainian
(Cyrillic script)
United Arab Emirates Abu Dhabi Al-’Imārat Al-‘Arabiyyah Al-Muttaḥidah
الإمارات العربيّة المتّحدة
‘Abū ẓabī
أبوظبي
Arabic
(Arabic script)
United Kingdom London United Kingdom
Y Deyrnas Unedig
Unitit Kinrick
Rìoghachd Aonaichte
Ríocht Aontaithe
An Rywvaneth Unys
London
Llundain
Lunnon
Lunnainn
Londain
Loundres
English
Welsh
Scottish
Scots Gaelic
Irish
Cornish
United States Washington, D.C. United States
États-Unis
Amelika-hui-pu-'ia
Washington D.C.
Washington, D.C.
Wakinekona or Wasinetona
English
Cajun French
Indigenous
Hawaiian
United States Virgin Islands[2] Charlotte Amalie English
Uruguay Montevideo República Oriental del Uruguay Montevideo Spanish
Uzbekistan Tashkent O‘zbekiston
Ўзбекистон
Toshkent
Тошкент
Uzbek
(Cyrillic script)

V[edit]

Country (exonym) Capital (exonym) Country (endonym) Capital (endonym) Official or native language(s) (alphabet/script)
Vanuatu Port Vila Vanuatu Port-Vila French
Vatican City Città del Vaticano Italian
Venezuela Caracas Spanish
Vietnam Hanoi Việt Nam Hà Nội Vietnamese

W, Y, Z[edit]

Country (exonym) Capital (exonym) Country (endonym) Capital (endonym) Official or native language(s) (alphabet/script)
Wallis and Futuna[10] Matâ'Utu Wallis-et-Futuna Matâ'Utu French
Yemen Sana'a Al-Yaman
اليمن
Ṣan‘ā’
‫ﺻﻨﻌﺎﺀ
Arabic
(Arabic script)
Zambia Lusaka English
Zimbabwe Harare Shona

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Not universally recognised.
  2. ^ a b c d e Insular area of the United States.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j British Overseas Territory.
  4. ^ a b c Constituent country within the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
  5. ^ Bulgarian and Russian can be transliterated in various ways, therefore the two most generally used transliterations are given here.
  6. ^ a b c External territory of Australia.
  7. ^ a b In free association with New Zealand.
  8. ^ a b Constituent country within the Kingdom of Denmark.
  9. ^ a b c d e Overseas department of France.
  10. ^ a b c d e Overseas collectivity of France.
  11. ^ a b c British Crown Dependency.
  12. ^ Special administrative region of China.
  13. ^ Bairiki Village is the former capital of Kiribati and is still the seat of the Presidency, but the official capital is now South Tarawa.
  14. ^ Brades Estate has been the de facto capital since a volcanic eruption in 1995 covered the official capital of Plymouth, leaving it uninhabitable.
  15. ^ Nauru is the only country in the world without an official capital.
  16. ^ Sui generis collectivity of France.
  17. ^ The country has a third official language in New Zealand Sign Language.
  18. ^ Integral part of Norway.
  19. ^ Dependency of New Zealand