List of countries by population in 1900

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World 1910.jpg

This is a list of countries by population in 1900. Estimate numbers are from the beginning of the year and exact population figures are for countries that were having a census in the year 1900 which were on various dates in the 1900s.

Rank Country/Territory Population c. 1900 estimate[1]
-   World 1,700,000,000
- United Kingdom France Entente cordiale 462,577,384
1  Qing Empire 415,001,488
-  British Empire 383,811,684
2  Indian Empire[a] (UK) 271,306,000
-  Russian Empire Includes Finland and Poland 136,305,900
- German Empire Austria-Hungary German and Austrian Alliance 118,595,465
- United States United States and Possessions 86,830,167
- France French Colonial Empire 78,765,700
3  United States[b] 75,994,575
4  Russia (Russia Proper only) 67,500,000
- German Empire German colonial empire 67,239,000
5  Germany 56,000,000
6  Austria-Hungary 51,356,465
- Netherlands Dutch Empire 51,246,000
7  Dutch East Indies[c] (Netherlands) 45,500,000
8  Empire of Japan 42,000,000
9  United Kingdom |Including Ireland 38,000,000
10 France France 38,000,000
- Kingdom of Italy Italian Empire 32,620,000
11  Italy 32,000,000
12  Ottoman Empire[d] 30,860,000
13 Spain Spain 20,750,000
14  Brazil 17,000,000
- Portugal Portuguese Empire 12,434,000
15  Mexico 12,050,000
16  Korean Empire 12,000,000
17 British India Burma (UK/Indian Empire) 9,606,000
18 United Kingdom Northern Nigeria (UK) 8,500,000
19  Egypt (UK) 8,000,000
19  Morocco 8,000,000[2][3]
20 United States Philippines (United States) 8,000,000
21 United Kingdom Southern Nigeria (UK) 7,500,000
22 Thailand Siam 7,200,000
23 Persia 7,000,000
24  Romania 6,630,000
25  Belgium 6,136,000
26 French Indochina Annam (France) 6,000,000
27 France Tongking (France) 6,000,000
28  Argentina 5,800,000
29 Portugal Portugal 5,758,000
30  Netherlands 5,616,000
31  Canada 5,500,000
32  Sweden 5,140,000
33  Afghanistan 5,000,000
34 Egypt Anglo-Egyptian Sudan (UK/Egypt) 4,800,000
35    Nepal 4,789,000
36  Colombia 4,604,000
37 Arabia [e] 4,218,000
38  Tibet 4,200,000
40  Abyssinia 4,000,000
41 France Algeria (France) 4,000,000
42  Australia (UK) 4,000,000
43 Ceylon (UK) 3,700,000
44  Peru 3,700,000
45   Switzerland 3,525,300
46 German Empire Cameroon (Germany) 3,500,000
47 German Empire German East Africa (Germany) 3,500,000
48 Ireland Ireland (UK) 3,220,000
49 France Cochin-China (France) 3,200,000
50 Bulgaria Bulgaria 3,154,000
51  Chile 2,867,000
52 Greece Greece 2,800,000
53 France Sudan (France) 2,800,000
54  Gold Coast (UK) 2,800,000
55  Venezuela 2,741,000
56 France Madagascar (France) 2,706,700
57 German Empire Ruanda-Urundi (Germany) 2,700,000
58 Russian Empire Finland (Russia) 2,655,900
59  Serbia 2,650,000
60 Portugal Portuguese East Africa (Portugal) 2,600,000
61 Cape Colony (UK) 2,500,000
62 Portugal Portuguese West Africa (Portugal) 2,400,000
63 France Upper Volta (France) 2,375,000
64  Norway[f] 2,240,000
65  Denmark 2,182,000
66 Tunisia Tunis (France) 1,890,000
67  Uganda (UK) 1,800,000
68  Kenya (UK) 1,700,000
69 France French Guinea (France) 1,600,000
70 France Niger (France) 1,570,000
71  Cambodia (France) 1,500,000
72 United States Cuba (United States) 1,500,000
73  Bolivia 1,500,000
74  South African Republic 1,400,000
75  Ecuador 1,271,000
76 Russia Bukhara (Russia) 1,250,000
77 France Senegal (France) 1,230,000
78 United Kingdom Natal (UK) 1,200,000
79  El Salvador 1,116,300
80 United States Porto Rico (United States) 1,100,000
81  Guatemala 1,046,000
82  Uruguay 1,026,000
83 United Kingdom Sierra Leone (UK) 1,000,000
84  New Zealand (UK) 967,000
85 France Ivory Coast (France) 950,000
86 German Empire Togoland (Germany) 920,000
87 United Kingdom Malaya (UK) 900,000
88 Nyasaland (UK) 850,000
89  Jamaica (UK) 820,000
90 France Chad (France) 810,000
91  Northern Rhodesia (UK) 770,000
92  Southern Rhodesia (UK) 734,000
93  Paraguay 715,000
94  Liberia 664,000
95 France Oubangui-Chari (France) 630,000
96  Dominican Republic 610,000
97 France Dahomey (France) 570,000
98  Straits Settlements (UK) 550,000
99 France Laos (France) 550,000
100 France Mauretania (France) 540,000
101  Nicaragua 515,000
102 Honduras Spanish Honduras 505,000
103 Muscat and Oman 500,000
104 Sarawak (UK) 500,000
105 Portugal Portuguese India (Portugal) 475,000
106 Italy Italian Somaliland (Italy) 400,000
107 Russia Khiva (Russia) 400,000
108 Orange Free State 400,000
109 United Kingdom Territory of Papua (UK, de facto Australia) 400,000
110 United Kingdom Basutoland (UK) 383,000
111 United Kingdom Mauritius (UK) 375,000
113  Costa Rica 341,600
114  Hong Kong (UK) 325,000
115 Montenegro 320,000
116 United Kingdom Trinidad and Tobago (UK) 320,000
117 Crete (Ottoman Empire) 310,000
118  North Borneo (UK) 300,000
119  British Guiana (UK) 300,000
120 British Somaliland (UK) 300,000
121 Portugal Portuguese Timor (Portugal) 300,000
122  Bhutan (UK/Indian Empire) 280,000
123 France French India (France) 280,000
124 France French Congo (France) 280,000
125 Portugal Azores (Portugal) 260,000
126  Luxembourg 252,000
127 United Kingdom Zanzibar (UK) 250,000
128 United Kingdom Cyprus (UK) 240,000
129 France Gabon (France) 240,000
130  Newfoundland (UK) 230,000
131 Italy Eritrea (Italy) 220,000
132 German Empire German South-West Africa (Germany) 210,000
133 Portugal Guinea (Portugal) 200,000
134  Malta (UK) 195,000
135 France Guadeloupe (France) 190,000
136 German Empire German New Guinea (Germany) 188,000
137 France Kwang-Chou-Wan (France) 185,000
138 France Martinique (France) 185,000
139  Barbados (UK) 182,000
- Spain Equatorial Guinea (or Rio Muni) plus the islands (Spain) 178,000
140 France Réunion (France) 178,000
141 United Kingdom Gambia (UK) 165,000
142 Portugal Madeira (Portugal) 160,000
143  Hawaii (United States) 154,000
144 Spain Spanish Guinea (or Rio Muni) (Spain) 150,000
145 Portugal Cape Verde (Portugal) 140,000
146 United Kingdom British Solomon Islands (UK) 135,000
147  Fiji (UK) 125,000
148 France Comoros (France) 112,000
149 United Kingdom Bechuanaland (UK) 90,000
150 United Kingdom Swaziland (UK) 90,000
151 Netherlands Surinam (Netherlands) 86,000
152  Iceland (Denmark) 82,000
153 Portugal Macau (Portugal) 80,000
154 United Kingdom Bahrain (UK) 70,000
155 United Kingdom Grenada (UK) 70,000
156 United Kingdom Trucial Oman (UK) 70,000
157 United States Alaska (United States) 63,592
158 Portugal São Tomé and Príncipe (Portugal) 61,000
159 German Empire Kiaochow (Germany) 60,000
160 India Sikkim (UK/Indian Empire) 60,000
161  Isle of Man (UK) 57,000
162 United Kingdom Maldives (UK) 56,000
163 United Kingdom Bahamas (UK) 55,000
164  Jersey (UK) 54,000
165 France New Caledonia (France) 54,000
166 France French Somaliland (France) 50,000
167 German Empire German Solomon Islands (Germany) 50,000
168 United Kingdom France New Hebrides (UK and France) 50,000
169 United Kingdom Saint Lucia (UK) 50,000
170 United Kingdom Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (UK) 49,000
171 Colony of Aden Aden Protectorate (UK) 45,000
172  British Honduras (UK) 45,000
173 United Kingdom Saint Kitts (with Nevis) (UK) 45,000
174 Netherlands Netherlands Antilles (Netherlands) 44,000
175  Guernsey (UK) 42,000
176 United Kingdom Kuwait (UK) 40,000
177 Spain Rio de Oro (Spain) 40,000
178 German Empire German Samoa (Germany) 37,000
179 German Empire Caroline Islands (Germany) 36,000
180 United Kingdom Antigua (with Barbuda and Redonda) (UK) 35,000
181 United Kingdom Dominica (UK) 32,000
182 United Kingdom Gilbert Islands (UK) 30,000
183 France French Polynesia (France) 30,000
184 United Kingdom Gibraltar (UK) 29,000
185 Denmark Danish Virgin Islands (Denmark) 28,000
186 Spain Fernando Po (Spain) 25,000
187 France French Guiana (France) 24,000
188 United Kingdom Brunei (UK) 22,000
189 Spain Spanish Morocco [g] (Spain) 22,000
190 United Kingdom Seychelles (UK) 22,000
191  Tonga 21,000
192 United Kingdom Bermuda (UK) 20,000
193  Monaco 19,000
194 Denmark Faroe Islands (Denmark) 17,000
195 German Empire Micronesia (Germany) 15,000
196 United Kingdom Witu (UK) 15,000
197 German Empire Marshall Islands (Germany) 15,000
198 Denmark Greenland (Denmark) 13,000
199 United States Guam (United States) 12,000
200 United Kingdom Montserrat (UK) 12,000
201 United Kingdom Qatar (UK) 11,000
202  San Marino 11,000
203  Liechtenstein 10,000
204  Andorra 6,000
205 New Zealand Cook Islands (UK) 6,000
206 United States American Samoa (United States) 6,000
207 France Wallis and Futuna (France) 6,000
208  Turks and Caicos Islands (UK) 5,500
209 United Kingdom British Virgin Islands (UK) 5,000
210  Cayman Islands (UK) 5,000
211 France Saint Pierre and Miquelon (France) 5,000
212 United Kingdom Anguilla (UK) 4,500
213  Saint Helena (UK) 4,500
214 German Empire Palau (Germany) 4,000
215  Niue (UK) 4,000
216 Spain Elobey, Annobón and Corisco (Spain) 3,000
217 Neutral Moresnet 3,000
218 German Empire Mariana Islands (Germany) 2,500
219 United Kingdom Ellice Islands (UK) 2,400
220  Falkland Islands (UK) 2,300
221 German Empire Nauru (Germany) 1,500
222 Straits Settlements Christmas Island (UK) 900
223 Straits Settlements Cocos Islands (UK) 650
224 United Kingdom Tokelau Islands (UK) 500
225 Pitcairn Islands Pitcairn Islands (UK) 170
226 United Kingdom Ascension Island (UK) 100
227 United Kingdom Tristan da Cunha (UK) 95
228 United Kingdom Phoenix Islands (UK) 69

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Officially the "Indian Empire". Comprises modern-day India, Pakistan and Bangladesh, but excludes Burma.
  2. ^ excludes External Territories
  3. ^ Modern-day Indonesia
  4. ^ Highly centralized. Certain subdivisions, such as the Cretan State, were listed separately.
  5. ^ Mostly Tihamah, Hejaz, Nejd, Hadramaut, Yemen
  6. ^ In personal union with Sweden.
  7. ^ Mainly Ceuta and Melilla.

References[edit]

  • Kurt Witthauer. Bevölkerung der Erde (1958)
  • Calendario atlante de Agostini, anno 99 (2003)
  • The Columbia gazetteer of the world (1998)
  • Britannica book of the year : world data (1997)