List of countries by rail transport network size

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This list of countries by rail transport network size based on International Union of Railways data ranks countries by length of rail lines worked at end of year updated with other reliable sources. These figures also include urban/suburban mass-transport systems; as well as lines which are not used for passenger services.

List[edit]

Rank Country Railway length
(km)
Date of
information
Notes Electrified length
(km)
Historic peak length
(km)
Area (km2) per km track Population per km track Nationalized or Private
1  United States 224,792 2007 [1] <1,600[2] 409,177 43.71 1,373 Private
2  China 112,000 2014 [3][a] (55,811)
not verified
85.69 12,119 Nationalized
3  India 108,706 2013 [4] "Route Kilometers: 63,028" 16,001 52.16 19,201 Nationalized
4  Russia 86,000 2013 [5] "Commercial operational length" (50,000)
not verified
198.82 1,669 Nationalized
5  Canada 46,552 2008 [1] 129 214.48 716 Private
6  Australia 38,445 2008 [1] 2,715 199.94 572 Nationalized
7  Germany 37,877 2010 [6] 20,589 58,297 9.43 2,158 Nationalized
8  Argentina 36,966 2008 [1] 136 47,000 77.45 1117 Nationalized
9  South Africa 31,000 2014 ([7]) not verified 24,800 39.39 1,742 Nationalized
10  France 29,640 2008 [1] 15,140 21.53 2201 Nationalized
11  Brazil 29,303 (2012) 1,520 285.57 6397 Private
12  Japan 27,182 2009 [1] 16,702[8] 16.10 5451 Both
13  Italy 24,179 (2007) 16,683[9] 12.46 2507 Nationalized
14  Ukraine 22,300 (2010) 9,752 27.07 2048 Nationalized
15  Romania 22,298 (2008) 3,971 10.69 854 Nationalized
16  Poland 19,627 (2008) 17,358 about 24000 before 1989[10] 15.93 1946 Nationalized
17  United Kingdom 17,732 (2008) 5,328[9] 34,000 15.00 3825 Both[b]
18  Mexico 17,166 2008 [1] 22 114.43 6,697 Private
19  Spain 15,947 (2012) [11] 9,623 33.55 3062 Nationalized
20  Kazakhstan 15,372 (2010) [1] 4,000 180.71 1,171 Nationalized
21  Sweden 12,821 (2010) 7,918 35.12 732
22  Turkey 12,000 (2011) [12] 3,159[12] 71.29 6708
23  Iran 12,998 (2014) [13][14] 146 (additional 2,200 km in construction since February, 2012) 148.41 6816
24  Czech Republic 9,487 (2008) 2,592[15] 8.31 1111 Nationalized
25  Indonesia 8,529 (2008) [1] 550 223.31 27853 Nationalized
26  Hungary 7,942 (2008) 11.71 1257 Nationalized
27  Pakistan 7,791 (2008) 286 (currently inactive) 102.18 22759 Nationalized
28  Egypt 6,700 (2010) 149.47 12075
29  Finland 5,919 (2008) [1] 3,067 57.13 911
30  Chile 5,898 (2006) 128.2 2931
31  Austria 5,927 (2008) [1] 3,863 14.57 1460
32  Belarus 5,537 2008 [1] 874 37.81 1731
33  Sudan 5,478 (2006) 339.81 5640
34  South Korea 5,242 (2009) [1] 2,522 19.08 9348 Nationalized
35  North Korea 5,235 (2006) [1] ~3,500 23.03 4595
36   Switzerland 5,232 2012 [16] 5,232 ca. 5,232 7.89 1,532 Mainly privately operated but thoroughly subsidied (~25%) by taxes and by federal, cantonal, and municipal subsidies.
37  Cuba 5,076 (2007) 21.84 2215
38  Turkmenistan 4,980 (2014) 153.44 1585
39  Algeria 4,316 (2012) [1] 283 551.83 8595
40  Uzbekistan 4,280 (2011) 105.77 6488
41  Bulgaria 4,159 (2008) [1] 2,831 26.66 1771
42  New Zealand 4,128 (2006) [1] 64.64 1070
43  Norway 4,114 (2008) 2622 78.71 1209 Nationalized
44  Thailand 4,071 (2012) [1] 29 126.04 16084
45  Democratic Republic of the Congo 4,007 (2008) 585.19 16463
46  Myanmar (Burma) 3,955 (2006) [1] 171.07 12127
47  Serbia 3,809 (2008) 20.34 1918 Nationalized
48  Slovakia 3,658 (2010) 1577 13.4 1486
49  Nigeria 3,528 (2006) 261.84 44904
50  Belgium 3,513 (2008) [1] 2,950 8.69 3108 Nationalized
51  Vietnam 3,147 (2007) 105.25 27765
52  Mozambique 3,116 (2008) 256.54 6604
53  Zimbabwe 3,000 (2010) 313 130.25 4190 Nationalized
54  Uruguay 2,993 (2006) 58.88 1121
55  Croatia 2,974 (2009) 1228 19.03 1443
56  Azerbaijan 2,918 (2009) [1] 1,278 29.68 3207
57  Netherlands 2,896 (2008) 14.34 5767 Nationalized
58  Bolivia 2,866 (2007) 383.32 3638
59  Bangladesh 2,835 (2008) 50.79 53392
60  Portugal 2,794 (2013) 1,629[17] 33.0 3594 Nationalized
62  Kenya 2,778 (2010) 208.92 13899
63  Angola 2,761 (2006) [1] 2,764 451.54 6911
64  Tanzania 2,722 (2006) 348.02 15866
65  Denmark 2,667 (2008) 640 16.16 2086
66  Greece 2,552 (2012) 51.73 4229
67  Namibia 2,382 (2006) [1] 346.05 877
68  Latvia 2,269 (2007) 28.47 978
69  Tunisia 2,218 (2007) 73.76 4756
70  Syria 2,139 (2008) 86.57 11078
71  Iraq 2,032 (2006) 215.71 15587
72  Peru 2,020 (2008) 636.25 14585
73  Morocco 1,989 (2008) 224.51 16227
74  Republic of Ireland 1,919 (2007) 36.62 2387 Nationalized
75  Malaysia 1,849 (2010) [1] 207 178.40 15324
76  Mongolia 1,810 (2008) 864.15 1560
77  Lithuania 1,766 (2007) 36.98 1824
78  Taiwan 1,703 (2012) [18] 1,300 5,000 21.25 13638
79  Colombia 1,663 (2007) 648.85 27770
80  Georgia 1,513 (2007) 46.07 2932
81  Sri Lanka 1,508 (2010) 43.51 13696
82  Saudi Arabia 1,412 (2007) 1522.44 19219
83  Zambia 1,237 (2006) 608.42 10547
84  Israel 1,200 (2013) 0 17.31 6709 Nationalized
85  Slovenia 1,228 (2007) 16.51 1672
86  Moldova 1,156 (2008) 29.28 3083
87  Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,103 (2007) [1] 392 46.42 3484
88  Cameroon 974 (2007) 488.13 19924
89  Ecuador 966 (2006) [1] 293.54 14810
90  Ghana 953 (2006) 250.30 25429
91  Senegal 906 (2004) 217.13 13724
92  Botswana 888 (2007) 655.10 2027
93  Guatemala 885 (2004) 123.04 16228
94  Madagascar 854 (2007) 687.40 24255
95  Armenia 869 (2012) [1] 818 35.20 3863
96  Guinea 837 (2006) [1] 293.74 11926
97  Estonia 816 (2008) 55.43 1642
98  Gabon 810 (2007) 330.45 1858
99  Malawi 797 (2007) 148.66 18696
100  Republic of the Congo 795 (2006) 430.19 5086
101  Djibouti 781 (2005) 29.71 1138
102  Benin 758 (2006) 148.58 11581
103  Mali 733 (2002) 1691.94 19805
104  Mauritania 728 (2008) 1415.80 4753
105  Honduras 699 (2006) [1] 160.36 11753
106  Macedonia 699 (2007) 36.79 2943
107  Ethiopia 699 (2006) [1] 1579.83 117456
108  Cambodia 650 (2003) 278.52 20609
109  Côte d'Ivoire 639 (2007) 504.64 30889
110  Burkina Faso 622 (2006) 440.84 25291
111  Tajikistan 616 (2007) 232.31 11167
112  Fiji 597 (2006) [1] 30.61 1442
113  Togo 568 (2006) [1] 99.97 10613
114  El Salvador 562 (2007) 37.44 10221
115  Dominican Republic 517 (2006) [1] 94.14 18141
116  Liberia 490 (2006) [1] 227.28 8151
117  Philippines 479 (2008) as of March 2013 only 80 km used (43 km for Tututban -Sta.Rosa and 37 km for Sipocot-Naga City) 626.30 196270
118  Albania 423 (2007) 67.96 7553
119  Kyrgyzstan 417 (2007) 479.50 12860
120  Lebanon 401 (2006) [1] 25.94 10544
121  Panama 355 (2006) [1] 212.45 9594
122  Venezuela 336 (2006) 2714.43 87458
123  Eritrea 306 (2006) [1] 384.31 17170
124  Swaziland 301 (2008) 57.69 3940
130  Costa Rica 278 (2007) [1] 183.81 16416
131  Luxembourg 274 (2007) 9.40 1826 Nationalized
132  Jamaica 65 (2003) [1] 40.41 9948
133  Uganda 1,244 (2002) 930.65 122780
134  Jordan 507 (2007) 355.94 24649
135  Montenegro 250 (2008) 55.47
136  Hong Kong (PRC) 210 [19]
137  Singapore 160.6 (2012) [20] 3.94 28682
138  Guyana 127.2 (2001 est.) [1] 1149.57 4197
139  Suriname 166 (2001) [1] 986.87 3163
140  Puerto Rico (US) 17.2 (2006) [1] 143.65 38810
141  Sierra Leone 84 (2001) [1] 854.05 69857
142  Afghanistan 75 (2011) [21] 8696.40 418827
143    Nepal 59 (2006) [1] 2494.59 484491
144  Saint Kitts and Nevis 58 (2006) [1] 5.22 1040
145  Paraguay 38 (2006) [1] 11298.67 173056
146  Brunei 13 (2001 est.) [1] 443.46 30692
147  Liechtenstein 9.5 (2006) [1] 17.78 4017
148  Nauru 3.9 (2001) [1] 4.20 2000
149 Western Sahara 5 (2008) see Mauritania Railway 53200.00 106200
150  Laos 3.5 (2005) see Friendship Bridge 59200.00 1557550
151  Monaco 1.7 (2012) [1] 1.7 1.18 20588
152  Lesotho 1.6 (1995) [1] 10118.33 723667
153   Vatican City 1.27 (2001 est.) 0 0.52 969
World 1,370,782 (2006) [1]
  1. ^ "By the end of 2014, 112,000 km mileage of railways in commercial operation, among of which the central and western railway operating mileage is 70,000 km, or 62.3% of the total mileage of railways in operation"
  2. ^ In 2014, Network Rail, which owns the railway infrastructure in Great Britain, was reclassified as a "public sector body" and its financial liabilities are now formally included as part of the national debt.[22] Much debate continues if this constitutes as the "nationalisation" of Network Rail.[citation needed] Private firms continue to operate the majority of train services under government franchises or concessions.

Other Countries[edit]

Maps[edit]

Map of countries' rail network
Rail network divided by area of country

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

Primary source: UIC data

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az "The World Factbook". USA: Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). Retrieved 2015-05-08. 
  2. ^ http://www.21stcenturysciencetech.com/Articles%202005/SuperiorRail.pdf
  3. ^ "2014年我国铁路营业里程突破11.2万公里" [2014 China's railway operating mileage of 112,000 kilometers breakthrough] (in Chinese). 深圳市前瞻商业资讯有限公司 (Shenzhen Prospect Business Information Ltd). 1 February 2015. Retrieved 2015-05-08. 
  4. ^ "About Indian Railways". Indian Railways. 5 August 2014. Retrieved 2015-05-08. 
  5. ^ "18.6. LENGTH OF TRANSPORT LINES". Federal State Statistics Service (FSSS), Russian Federation. Retrieved 2015-05-08. 
  6. ^ "Verkehrsmittelbestand: Schieneninfrastruktur, Streckenlänge nach Bundesländern" (in German). Statistisches Bundesamt (Destatis). 31 December 2010. Retrieved 2015-05-08. 
  7. ^ "South Africa: Railways and roads". Encyclopedia Britannica. 18 February 2015. Retrieved 2015-05-08. 
  8. ^ "The World Factbook". Cia.gov. Retrieved 2014-05-17. 
  9. ^ a b 23 Jul 2009 (2009-07-23). "Electrified rail network: the benefits". Telegraph. Retrieved 2014-05-17. 
  10. ^ "Zamkną 2 tys. km torów w Polsce" (in Polish). February 15, 2013. Retrieved February 12, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Infraestructuras_baja.pdf" (PDF). Retrieved 2014-05-17. 
  12. ^ a b http://www.tcdd.gov.tr/Upload/Files/ContentFiles/2010/istatistik/20072011yillik.pdf
  13. ^ "Islamic Republic Of Iran Railways :: راه آهن جمهوري اسلامي ايران". Rai.ir. Retrieved 2014-05-17. 
  14. ^ The figure includes passenger, commercial and industrial railroads; More information can be found at Islamic Republic of Iran Railways
  15. ^ Radek Rychnovský. "Czech railway map". Mapa.rychnovsky.cz. Retrieved 2014-05-17. 
  16. ^ "LITRA Verkehrszahlen 2014" (PDF) (publication) (in German and French). Bern, Switzerland: LITRA – Informationsdienst für den öffentlichen Verkehr. August 2014. Retrieved 2014-10-16. 
  17. ^ http://www.refer.pt/LinkClick.aspx?fileticket=ekfqizNEv4Y%3d&tabid=130
  18. ^ "Statistical Abstract of Transportation & Communications - Mileage of Railways in Taiwan Area" (PDF). MOTC, ROC(Taiwan). Retrieved 2013-09-21. 
  19. ^ http://www.thb.gov.hk/eng/psp/publications/transport/publications/railway_network_dec2014.pdf
  20. ^ "Ministry of Transport, Singapore – Gain new perspectives on land, sea and air transport issues in Singapore". Retrieved 4 November 2014. 
  21. ^ "Afghanistan opens first ever train route". Telegraph.co.uk. 21 December 2011. Retrieved 4 November 2014. 
  22. ^ Budget (19 March 2014). "Budget 2014: fears of more austerity in spite of growth". Telegraph. Retrieved 20 May 2014.