List of countries by rail transport network size

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Map of countries' rail network
Rail network divided by area of country

This list of countries by rail transport network size based on International Union of Railways data ranks countries by length of rail lines worked at end of year updated with other reliable sources. These figures also include urban/suburban mass-transport systems; as well as lines which are not used for passenger services.

Rank Country Railway length
(km)
Date of
information
Notes Electrified length
(km)
Historic peak length
(km)
Area (km2) per km track Population per km track Nationalized or Private
1  United States 224,792 (2011) [1] <1,600[2] 409,177 43.40 1379 Private
2  China(PRC) 103,144 (2013) [3] 55,811[3] 93.47 13227 Nationalized
3  Russia 128,000 (2012) [4] 128,000 km is the figure for all railway lines in Russia, including non-common, 85,000 km is the figure that Russian State Statistics Service gives for common usage lines in 2006, while CIA World Factbook gives 87,157 km for the same year. 50,000[5] 133.58 1117 Nationalized
4  India 64,460 (2013) 23,541 45.74 19,133 Nationalized
5  Canada 46,552 (2011) 129 174.51 468 Private
6  Germany 41,981 (2011) [6] 20,497[6] 58,297 9.47 2210 Nationalized
7  Australia 38,445 (2011) 2,715[7] 199.94 572 Nationalized
8  Argentina 36,966 (2011) 136[7] 47,000 77.45 1117 Nationalized
9  France 29,640 (2011) 15,140 21.53 2201 Nationalized
10  Brazil 29,303 (2012) 1,520 285.57 6397 Nationalized
11  Mexico 26,704 (2009) [8] 73.56 4207 Private
12  Italy 24,179 (2007) 16,683[9] 12.46 2507 Nationalized
13  Japan 23,474 (2007) [10] 16,702[11] 16.10 5451 Both
14  Ukraine 22,300 (2010) 9,752 27.07 2048 Nationalized
15  Romania 22,298 (2008) 3,971 10.69 854 Nationalized
16  South Africa 20,247 (2013) 24,800[12] 49.79 2066 Nationalized
17  Poland 19,627 (2008) 17,358 about 24000 before 1989[13] 15.93 1946 Nationalized
18  United Kingdom 17,732 (2008) 5,328[9] 34,000 15.00 3825 Private
19  Spain 15,947 (2012) [14] 9,623 33.55 3062 Nationalized
20  Kazakhstan 15,372 (2010) [15] 4,000 180.71 1061 Nationalized
21  Sweden 12,821 (2010) 7,918 35.12 732
22  Turkey 12,000 (2011) [16] 3,159[16] 71.29 6708
23  Iran 12,998 (2014) [17][18] 146 (additional 2,200 km in construction since February, 2012) 148.41 6816
24  Czech Republic 9,487 (2008) 2,592[19] 8.31 1111
25  Indonesia 8,529 (2008) [10] 550 223.31 27853 Nationalized
26  Hungary 7,942 (2008) 11.71 1257 Nationalized
27  Pakistan 7,791 (2008) 102.18 22759
28  Egypt 6,700 (2010) 149.47 12075
29  Finland 5,919 (2008) 3,067[7] 57.13 911
30  Chile 5,898 (2006) 128.2 2931
31  Austria 5,927 (2008) 3,863[7] 14.57 1460
32  Belarus 5,491 (2008) 874[20] 37.81 1731
33  Sudan 5,478 (2006) 339.81 5640
34  South Korea 5,242 (2009) [21] 2,522 19.08 9348 Nationalized
35  North Korea 5,235 (2006) [10] ~3,500 23.03 4595
36   Switzerland 5,232 (2012) [22] 5,232 ca. 5,232 7.891 1532 Mainly privately operated but thoroughly subsidied (~50%) by taxes and by federal, cantonal, and municipal subsidies.
37  Cuba 5,076 (2007) 21.84 2215
38  Turkmenistan 4,980 (2014) 153.44 1585
39  Algeria 4,316 (2012) 283[7] 551.83 8595
40  Uzbekistan 4,280 (2011) 105.77 6488
41  Bulgaria 4,159 (2008) 2,831[7] 26.66 1771
42  New Zealand 4,128 (2006) [10] 64.64 1070
43  Norway 4,114 (2008) 2622 78.71 1209 Nationalized
44  Thailand 4,071 (2012) [23] 29 126.04 16084
45  Democratic Republic of the Congo 4,007 (2008) 585.19 16463
46  Myanmar (Burma) 3,955 (2006) [10] 171.07 12127
47  Serbia 3,809 (2008) 20.34 1918
48  Slovakia 3,658 (2010) 1577 13.4 1486
49  Nigeria 3,528 (2006) 261.84 44904
50  Belgium 3,513 (2008) 2,950[7] 8.69 3108 Nationalized
51  Vietnam 3,147 (2007) 105.25 27765
52  Mozambique 3,116 (2008) 256.54 6604
53  Zimbabwe 3,000 (2010) 313 130.25 4190 Nationalized
54  Uruguay 2,993 (2006) 58.88 1121
55  Croatia 2,974 (2009) 1228 19.03 1443
56  Azerbaijan 2,918 (2009) 1,278[7] 29.68 3207
57  Netherlands 2,896 (2008) 14.34 5767 Nationalized
58  Bolivia 2,866 (2007) 383.32 3638
59  Bangladesh 2,835 (2008) 50.79 53392
60  Portugal 2,794 (2013) 1,629[24] 33.0 3594 Nationalized
62  Kenya 2,778 (2010) 208.92 13899
63  Angola 2,761 (2006) [10] 2,764 451.54 6911
64  Tanzania 2,722 (2006) 348.02 15866
65  Denmark 2,667 (2008) 640 16.16 2086
66  Greece 2,552 (2012) 51.73 4229
67  Namibia 2,382 (2006) [10] 346.05 877
68  Latvia 2,269 (2007) 28.47 978
69  Tunisia 2,218 (2007) 73.76 4756
70  Syria 2,139 (2008) 86.57 11078
71  Iraq 2,032 (2006) 215.71 15587
72  Peru 2,020 (2008) 636.25 14585
73  Morocco 1,989 (2008) 224.51 16227
74  Republic of Ireland 1,919 (2007) 36.62 2387 Nationalized
75  Malaysia 1,849 (2010) [25] 207 178.40 15324
76  Mongolia 1,810 (2008) 864.15 1560
77  Lithuania 1,766 (2007) 36.98 1824
78  Taiwan 1,703 (2012) [26] 1,300 5,000 21.25 13638
79  Colombia 1,663 (2007) 648.85 27770
80  Georgia 1,513 (2007) 46.07 2932
81  Sri Lanka 1,508 (2010) 43.51 13696
82  Saudi Arabia 1,412 (2007) 1522.44 19219
83  Zambia 1,237 (2006) 608.42 10547
84  Israel 1,200 (2013) 0 17.31 6709 Nationalized
85  Slovenia 1,228 (2007) 16.51 1672
86  Moldova 1,156 (2008) 29.28 3083
87  Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,103 (2007) 392[7] 46.42 3484
88  Cameroon 974 (2007) 488.13 19924
89  Ecuador 966 (2006) [10] 293.54 14810
90  Ghana 953 (2006) 250.30 25429
91  Senegal 906 (2004) 217.13 13724
92  Botswana 888 (2007) 655.10 2027
93  Guatemala 885 (2004) 123.04 16228
94  Madagascar 854 (2007) 687.40 24255
95  Armenia 869 (2012) 818[7] 35.20 3863
96  Guinea 837 (2006) [10] 293.74 11926
97  Estonia 816 (2008) 55.43 1642
98  Gabon 810 (2007) 330.45 1858
99  Malawi 797 (2007) 148.66 18696
100  Republic of the Congo 795 (2006) 430.19 5086
101  Djibouti 781 (2005) 29.71 1138
102  Benin 758 (2006) 148.58 11581
103  Mali 733 (2002) 1691.94 19805
104  Mauritania 728 (2008) 1415.80 4753
105  Honduras 699 (2006) [10] 160.36 11753
106  Macedonia 699 (2007) 36.79 2943
107  Ethiopia 699 (2006) [10] 1579.83 117456
108  Cambodia 650 (2003) 278.52 20609
109  Côte d'Ivoire 639 (2007) 504.64 30889
110  Burkina Faso 622 (2006) 440.84 25291
111  Tajikistan 616 (2007) 232.31 11167
112  Fiji 597 (2006) [10] 30.61 1442
113  Togo 568 (2006) [10] 99.97 10613
114  El Salvador 562 (2007) 37.44 10221
115  Dominican Republic 517 (2006) [10] 94.14 18141
116  Liberia 490 (2006) [10] 227.28 8151
117  Philippines 479 (2008) as of March 2013 only 80 km used (43 km for Tututban -Sta.Rosa and 37 km for Sipocot-Naga City) 626.30 196270
118  Albania 423 (2007) 67.96 7553
119  Kyrgyzstan 417 (2007) 479.50 12860
120  Lebanon 401 (2006) [10] 25.94 10544
121  Panama 355 (2006) [10] 212.45 9594
122  Venezuela 336 (2006) 2714.43 87458
123  Eritrea 306 (2006) [10] 384.31 17170
124  Swaziland 301 (2008) 57.69 3940
130  Costa Rica 278 (2007) [10] 183.81 16416
131  Luxembourg 274 (2007) 9.40 1826 Nationalized
132  Jamaica 65 (2003) [10] 40.41 9948
133  Uganda 1,244 (2002) 930.65 122780
134  Jordan 507 (2007) 355.94 24649
135  Montenegro 250 (2008) 55.47
136  Singapore 160.6 (2012) [27] 3.94 28682
137  Guyana 127.2 (2001 est.) [10] 1149.57 4197
138  Suriname 166 (2001) [10] 986.87 3163
139  Puerto Rico (US) 17.2 (2006) [10] 143.65 38810
140  Sierra Leone 84 (2001) [10] 854.05 69857
141  Afghanistan 75 (2011) [28] 8696.40 418827
142    Nepal 59 (2006) [10] 2494.59 484491
143  Saint Kitts and Nevis 58 (2006) [10] 5.22 1040
144  Paraguay 38 (2006) [10] 11298.67 173056
145  Brunei 13 (2001 est.) [10] 443.46 30692
146  Liechtenstein 9.5 (2006) [10] 17.78 4017
147  Nauru 3.9 (2001) [10] 4.20 2000
148 Western Sahara 5 (2008) see Mauritania Railway 53200.00 106200
149  Laos 3.5 (2005) see Friendship Bridge 59200.00 1557550
150  Lesotho 1.6 (1995) [10] 10118.33 723667
151  Monaco 1.7 (2012) [10] 1.7 1.18 20588
152   Vatican City 1.27 (2001 est.) 0 0.52 969
World 1,370,782 (2006) [10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Primary source: UIC data

  1. ^ "The World Factbook". Cia.gov. Retrieved 2014-05-17. 
  2. ^ http://www.21stcenturysciencetech.com/Articles%202005/SuperiorRail.pdf
  3. ^ a b "国家铁路局". Nra.gov.cn. 2014-04-10. Retrieved 2014-05-17. 
  4. ^ Russian State Statistics Service (Russian)
  5. ^ http://ehitavada.com/News_Paper_Images/2013/04/07/news_images/news_213499.jpg
  6. ^ a b "Wirtschaftsbereiche - Unternehmen, Infrastruktur, Fahrzeugbestand - Verkehrsmittelbestand und Infrastruktur - Statistisches Bundesamt (Destatis)" (in German). Destatis.de. Retrieved 2014-05-17. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/fields/print_2121.html
  8. ^ [1][dead link]
  9. ^ a b 23 Jul 2009 (2009-07-23). "Electrified rail network: the benefits". Telegraph. Retrieved 2014-05-17. 
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag CIA data, last updated on 15 April 2010
  11. ^ "The World Factbook". Cia.gov. Retrieved 2014-05-17. 
  12. ^ "South Africa :: Services - Encyclopedia Britannica". Britannica.com. Retrieved 2014-05-17. 
  13. ^ "Zamkną 2 tys. km torów w Polsce". February 15, 2013. Retrieved February 12, 2014.  (Polish)
  14. ^ "Infraestructuras_baja.pdf" (PDF). Retrieved 2014-05-17. 
  15. ^ "The World Factbook". Cia.gov. Retrieved 2014-05-17. 
  16. ^ a b http://www.tcdd.gov.tr/Upload/Files/ContentFiles/2010/istatistik/20072011yillik.pdf
  17. ^ "Islamic Republic Of Iran Railways :: راه آهن جمهوري اسلامي ايران". Rai.ir. Retrieved 2014-05-17. 
  18. ^ The figure includes passenger, commercial and industrial railroads; More information can be found at Islamic Republic of Iran Railways
  19. ^ Radek Rychnovský. "Czech railway map". Mapa.rychnovsky.cz. Retrieved 2014-05-17. 
  20. ^ [2][dead link]
  21. ^ https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/rankorder/2121rank.html
  22. ^ "LITRA Verkehrszahlen 2014" (PDF) (publication) (in German, French). Bern, Switzerland: LITRA – Informationsdienst für den öffentlichen Verkehr. August 2014. Retrieved 2014-10-16. 
  23. ^ "The World Factbook". Cia.gov. Retrieved 2014-05-17. 
  24. ^ http://www.refer.pt/LinkClick.aspx?fileticket=ekfqizNEv4Y%3d&tabid=130
  25. ^ "Malaysia". Cia.gov. Retrieved 2010-10-26. 
  26. ^ "Statistical Abstract of Transportation & Communications - Mileage of Railways in Taiwan Area". MOTC, ROC(Taiwan). Retrieved 2013-09-21. 
  27. ^ http://app.mot.gov.sg/Land_Transport/Making_Public_Transport_a_Choice_Mode/Rail.aspx
  28. ^ http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/afghanistan/8970647/Afghanistan-opens-first-ever-train-route.html