List of countries by rail transport network size

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Map of countries' rail network
Rail network divided by area of country

Short List[edit]

Country Length (km ) density
0 United Nations World 1,134,429
1  USA 226,427 23.79
2  China 103,144
3  Russia 87,157 5.10
4  India 65,000 19.26
5  Canada 46,688 4.68
6  Germany 41,896 117.35
7  Australia 37,855
8  Brazil 34,660
9  Argentina 31,409
10  France 29,213 53.40
11  Japan 23,506 62.21
12  Poland 22,314 71.36
13  Ukraine 21,655 35.87
14  South Africa 20,872
15  Italy 19,729 65.49
16  Mexico 17,516 8.88
17  United Kingdom 16,454 67.21
18  Spain 15,288 30.74
19  Kazakhstan 13,700
20  Sweden 11,633 25.85
21  Romania 10,788 45.42

Source : CIA World Factbook. Translated from Russian Wikipedia and reformated.

See also the more detailed List of countries by rail transport network size .

Long List[edit]

This list of countries by rail transport network size based on International Union of Railways data ranks countries by length of rail lines worked at end of year. These figures also include urban/suburban mass-transport systems; as well as lines which are not used for passenger services.

Rank Country Railway length
(km)
Date of
information
Notes Electrified length
(km)
Historic peak length
(km)
Area (km2) per km track Population per km track Nationalized or Private
1  United States 224,792 (2011) [1] <1,600[2] 409,177 43.40 1379 Private
2  China (PRC) 103,144 (2013) [3] 55,811[4] 92.78 13222 Nationalized
3  Russia 87,157 (2011) [5][6] 50,000 133.58 1117 Nationalized
4  India 65,000 (2012) [7][8] 23,541[9] 51.19 18846 Nationalized
5  Canada 46,552 (2011) 129 174.51 468 Private
6  Germany 41,981 (2011) [10] 20,497[10] 58,297 9.47 2210 Nationalized
7  Australia 38,445 (2011) 2,715[11] 199.94 572 Nationalized
8  Argentina 36,966 (2011) 136[11] 47,000 77.45 1117 Nationalized
9  France 29,640 (2011) 15,140 21.53 2201 Nationalized
10  Brazil 28,538 (2011) 1,122 285.57 6397 Nationalized
11  South Africa 20,247 (2013) 24,800[12] 49.79 2066 Nationalized
12  Mexico 26,704 (2009) [13] 73.56 4207 Nationalized
13  Italy 24,179 (2007) 16,683[14] 12.46 2507 Nationalized
14  Japan 23,474 (2007) [15] 16,702[16] 16.10 5451 Nationalized
15  Ukraine 22,300 (2010) 9,752 27.07 2048 Nationalized
16  Romania 22,298 (2008) 3,971 10.69 854 Nationalized
17  Poland 19,627 (2008) 17,358 about 24000 before 1989[17] 15.93 1946 Nationalized
18  United Kingdom 16,321 (2008) 5,328[14] 34,000 15.00 3825 Private
19  Kazakhstan 15,372 (2010) [18] 4,000 180.71 1061 Nationalized
20  Spain 15,947 (2012) [19] 9,623 33.55 3062 Nationalized
21  Sweden 12,821 (2010) 7,918 35.12 732
22  Turkey 12,000 (2011) [20] 3,159[21] 71.29 6708
23  Iran 11,106 (2008) [22][23] 146 (additional 2,200 km in construction since February, 2012) 148.41 6816
24  Czech Republic 9,487 (2008) 2,592[24] 8.31 1111
25  Indonesia 8,529 (2008) [15] 550 223.31 27853 Nationalized
26  Hungary 7,942 (2008) 11.71 1257 Nationalized
27  Pakistan 7,791 (2008) 102.18 22759
28  Egypt 6,700 (2010) 149.47 12075
29  Finland 5,919 (2008) 3,067[11] 57.13 911
30  Chile 5,898 (2006) 128.2 2931
31  Austria 5,927 (2008) 3,863[11] 14.57 1460
32  Belarus 5,491 (2008) 874[25] 37.81 1731
33  Sudan 5,478 (2006) 339.81 5640
34  North Korea 5,235 (2006) [15] ~3,500 23.03 4595
35   Switzerland 5,223 (2011) [26] 5,223 7.90 1523
36  Cuba 5,076 (2007) 21.84 2215
37  Turkmenistan 4,980 (2014) 153.44 1585
38  Algeria 4,316 (2012) 283[11] 551.83 8595
39  Uzbekistan 4,280 (2011) 105.77 6488
40  Bulgaria 4,159 (2008) 2,831[11] 26.66 1771
41  New Zealand 4,128 (2006) [15] 64.64 1070
42  Norway 4,114 (2008) 2622 78.71 1209 Nationalized
43  Thailand 4,071 (2012) [27] 29 126.04 16084
44  Democratic Republic of the Congo 4,007 (2008) 585.19 16463
45  Myanmar (Burma) 3,955 (2006) [15] 171.07 12127
46  Serbia 3,809 (2008) 20.34 1918
47  Slovakia 3,658 (2010) 1577 13.4 1486
48  South Korea 3,637 (2011) [28] 2,491 28.17 14057
50  Nigeria 3,528 (2006) 261.84 44904
51  Belgium 3,513 (2008) 2,950[11] 8.69 3108 Nationalized
52  Vietnam 3,147 (2007) 105.25 27765
53  Mozambique 3,116 (2008) 256.54 6604
54  Zimbabwe 3,000 (2010) 313 130.25 4190 Nationalized
55  Uruguay 2,993 (2006) 58.88 1121
56  Croatia 2,974 (2009) 1228 19.03 1443
57  Azerbaijan 2,918 (2009) 1,278[11] 29.68 3207
58  Netherlands 2,896 (2008) 14.34 5767 Nationalized
59  Bolivia 2,866 (2007) 383.32 3638
60  Bangladesh 2,835 (2008) 50.79 53392
61  Portugal 2,794 (2013) 1,629[29] 33.0 3594 Nationalized
62  Kenya 2,778 (2010) 208.92 13899
63  Angola 2,761 (2006) [15] 2,764 451.54 6911
64  Tanzania 2,722 (2006) 348.02 15866
65  Denmark 2,667 (2008) 640 16.16 2086
66  Greece 2,552 (2012) 51.73 4229
67  Namibia 2,382 (2006) [15] 346.05 877
68  Latvia 2,269 (2007) 28.47 978
69  Tunisia 2,218 (2007) 73.76 4756
70  Syria 2,139 (2008) 86.57 11078
71  Iraq 2,032 (2006) 215.71 15587
72  Peru 2,020 (2008) 636.25 14585
73  Morocco 1,989 (2008) 224.51 16227
74  Republic of Ireland 1,919 (2007) 36.62 2387 Nationalized
75  Malaysia 1,849 (2010) [30] 207 178.40 15324
76  Mongolia 1,810 (2008) 864.15 1560
77  Lithuania 1,766 (2007) 36.98 1824
78  Taiwan 1,703 (2012) [31] 1,300 5,000 21.25 13638
79  Colombia 1,663 (2007) 648.85 27770
80  Georgia 1,513 (2007) 46.07 2932
81  Sri Lanka 1,508 (2010) 43.51 13696
82  Saudi Arabia 1,412 (2007) 1522.44 19219
83  Zambia 1,237 (2006) 608.42 10547
84  Israel 1,200 (2013) 17.31 6709 Nationalized
85  Slovenia 1,228 (2007) 16.51 1672
86  Moldova 1,156 (2008) 29.28 3083
87  Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,103 (2007) 392[11] 46.42 3484
88  Cameroon 974 (2007) 488.13 19924
89  Ecuador 966 (2006) [15] 293.54 14810
90  Ghana 953 (2006) 250.30 25429
91  Senegal 906 (2004) 217.13 13724
92  Botswana 888 (2007) 655.10 2027
93  Guatemala 885 (2004) 123.04 16228
94  Madagascar 854 (2007) 687.40 24255
95  Armenia 869 (2012) 818[11] 35.20 3863
96  Guinea 837 (2006) [15] 293.74 11926
97  Estonia 816 (2008) 55.43 1642
98  Gabon 810 (2007) 330.45 1858
99  Malawi 797 (2007) 148.66 18696
100  Republic of the Congo 795 (2006) 430.19 5086
101  Djibouti 781 (2005) 29.71 1138
102  Benin 758 (2006) 148.58 11581
103  Mali 733 (2002) 1691.94 19805
104  Mauritania 728 (2008) 1415.80 4753
105  Honduras 699 (2006) [15] 160.36 11753
106  Macedonia 699 (2007) 36.79 2943
107  Ethiopia 699 (2006) [15] 1579.83 117456
108  Cambodia 650 (2003) 278.52 20609
109  Côte d'Ivoire 639 (2007) 504.64 30889
110  Burkina Faso 622 (2006) 440.84 25291
111  Tajikistan 616 (2007) 232.31 11167
112  Fiji 597 (2006) [15] 30.61 1442
113  Togo 568 (2006) [15] 99.97 10613
114  El Salvador 562 (2007) 37.44 10221
115  Dominican Republic 517 (2006) [15] 94.14 18141
116  Liberia 490 (2006) [15] 227.28 8151
117  Philippines 479 (2008) as of March 2013 only 80km used (43km for Tututban -Sta.Rosa and 37km for Sipocot-Naga City) 626.30 196270
118  Albania 423 (2007) 67.96 7553
119  Kyrgyzstan 417 (2007) 479.50 12860
120  Lebanon 401 (2006) [15] 25.94 10544
121  Panama 355 (2006) [15] 212.45 9594
122  Venezuela 336 (2006) 2714.43 87458
123  Eritrea 306 (2006) [15] 384.31 17170
124  Swaziland 301 (2008) 57.69 3940
125  Costa Rica 278 (2007) [15] 183.81 16416
126  Luxembourg 275 (2007) 9.40 1826 Nationalized
127  Jamaica 272 (2003) [15] 40.41 9948
128  Uganda 259 (2002) 930.65 122780
129  Jordan 251 (2007) 355.94 24649
130  Montenegro 249 (2008) 55.47 2511
131  Hong Kong 210 (2008) [32] 5.26 33798
132  Singapore 199.4 (2012) [33] 3.94 28682
133  Guyana 187 (2001 est.) [15] 1149.57 4197
134  Suriname 166 (2001) [15] 986.87 3163
135  Puerto Rico (US) 96 (2006) [15] 143.65 38810
136  Sierra Leone 84 (2001) [15] 854.05 69857
137  Antigua and Barbuda 77 (2001 est.) [15] 5.75 1156
138  Afghanistan 75 (2011) [34] 8696.40 418827
139    Nepal 59 (2006) [15] 2494.59 484491
140  United Arab Emirates 52 (2009) [15] 1607.69 158924
141  Saint Kitts and Nevis 50 (2006) [15] 5.22 1040
142  Haiti 40 (2001 est.) [15] 693.75 252130
143  Paraguay 36 (2006) [15] 11298.67 173056
144  Brunei 13 (2001 est.) [15] 443.46 30692
145  Liechtenstein 9 (2006) [15] 17.78 4017
146  Nicaragua 6 (2006) [15] 21728.33 964667
147  Nauru 5 (2001) [15] 4.20 2000
148 Western Sahara 5 (2008) see Mauritania Railway 53200.00 106200
149  Laos 4 (2005) see Friendship Bridge 59200.00 1557550
150  Lesotho 3 (1995) [15] 10118.33 723667
151  Monaco 1.7 (2012) [15] 1.7 1.18 20588
152   Vatican City 0.862 (2001 est.) 0 0.52 969
World 1,370,782 (2006) [15]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Primary source: UIC data

  1. ^ https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/us.html
  2. ^ http://www.21stcenturysciencetech.com/Articles%202005/SuperiorRail.pdf
  3. ^ http://www.nra.gov.cn/fwyd/zlzx/hytj/201404/t20140410_5830.htm
  4. ^ http://www.nra.gov.cn/fwyd/zlzx/hytj/201404/t20140410_5830.htm
  5. ^ Russian State Statistics Service (Russian)
  6. ^ 128,000 km is the figure for all railway lines in Russia, including non-common, 85,000 km is the figure that Russian State Statistics Service gives for common usage lines in 2006, while CIA World Factbook gives 87,157 km for the same year.
  7. ^ http://www.indianrailways.gov.in/railwayboard/uploads/directorate/stat_econ/Stat_0910/Year%20Book%202009-10-Sml_size_English.pdf
  8. ^ http://www.indianrailways.gov.in/railwayboard/view_section.jsp?lang=0&id=0,1: Website of Indian Railways
  9. ^ http://ehitavada.com/News_Paper_Images/2013/04/07/news_images/news_213499.jpg
  10. ^ a b https://www.destatis.de/DE/ZahlenFakten/Wirtschaftsbereiche/TransportVerkehr/UnternehmenInfrastrukturFahrzeugbestand/Tabellen/Schieneninfrastruktur.html
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/fields/print_2121.html
  12. ^ http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/555568/South-Africa/260130/Services
  13. ^ http://www.sct.gob.mx/uploads/media/3erIL_SCT.pdf
  14. ^ a b http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/uknews/road-and-rail-transport/5892821/Electrified-rail-network-the-benefits.html
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak CIA data, last updated on 15 April 2010
  16. ^ https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ja.html
  17. ^ "Zamkną 2 tys. km torów w Polsce". February 15, 2013. Retrieved February 12, 2014.  (Polish)
  18. ^ https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/kz.html
  19. ^ http://www.vialibre-ffe.com/pdf/1-Anuario2012_Infraestructuras.pdf
  20. ^ [1]
  21. ^ http://www.tcdd.gov.tr/Upload/Files/ContentFiles/2010/istatistik/20072011yillik.pdf
  22. ^ http://www.rai.ir/Site.aspx?ParTree=A01011
  23. ^ The figure includes passenger, commercial and industrial railroads; More information can be found at Islamic Republic of Iran Railways
  24. ^ http://mapa.rychnovsky.cz/indexe.htm
  25. ^ http://canada.mfa.gov.by/eng/rb/parliament/
  26. ^ http://www.litra.ch/dcs/users/2/Litra_Verkehrszahlen_2013.pdf
  27. ^ https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/th.html
  28. ^ http://www.uic.org/spip.php?article1352
  29. ^ http://www.refer.pt/LinkClick.aspx?fileticket=ekfqizNEv4Y%3d&tabid=130
  30. ^ "Malaysia". Cia.gov. Retrieved 2010-10-26. 
  31. ^ "Statistical Abstract of Transportation & Communications - Mileage of Railways in Taiwan Area". MOTC, ROC(Taiwan). Retrieved 2013-09-21. 
  32. ^ http://www.thb.gov.hk/eng/psp/publications/transport/publications/hk_highway.htm
  33. ^ http://app.mot.gov.sg/Land_Transport/Making_Public_Transport_a_Choice_Mode/Rail.aspx
  34. ^ http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/afghanistan/8970647/Afghanistan-opens-first-ever-train-route.html