List of countries by ratio of GDP to carbon dioxide emissions

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On 6 October 2010, the International Energy Agency released for free download the 2008 numbers for over 140 countries/regions/economies.[1]

The list of countries below is arranged by their ratio of gross domestic product, nominal and by purchasing power parity, to carbon dioxide emissions. GDP data is for the year 2006 produced by the International Monetary Fund. Carbon dioxide emissions data is for 2006, provided by the CDIAC for United Nations (see List of countries by carbon dioxide emissions).

The countries at the top of the list are the most efficient. They produce the most economic output with the least emissions. Countries at the bottom of the list produce the most emissions per unit of economic output.

Country Annual CO
2
emissions (in thousands of metric tons)
GDP (current, in billions of US dollars) GDP per Emissions (in US dollars per ton) GDP (PPP, in billions of current international dollars) PPP GDP per Emissions (in international dollars per ton)
 Chad 396 6.31 15,924 15.40 38,881
 Afghanistan 697 7.72 11,080 17.56 25,187
 Mali 568 6.13 10,789 13.10 23,055
  Switzerland 41,826 388.68 9,293 283.84 6,786
 Norway 40,220 337.09 8,381 232.37 5,778
 Sweden 50,875 393.76 7,740 318.42 6,259
 Iceland 2,215 16.69 7,534 11.40 5,147
 Burkina Faso 788 5.78 7,331 15.57 19,760
 France[1] 383,148 2,271.28 5,928 1,974.39 5,153
 Central African Republic 249 1.48 5,924 2.89 11,618
 Republic of the Congo 1,463 7.74 5,289 13.10 8,954
 Ireland 43,806 222.61 5,082 173.01 3,949
 Denmark[2] 53,944 274.11 5,081 193.54 3,588
 Cameroon 3,645 17.96 4,926 37.14 10,189
 Hong Kong 39,039 189.93 4,865 268.53 6,878
 Burundi 198 0.92 4,641 2.72 13,758
 Gabon 2,057 9.55 4,641 18.63 9,057
 Comoros 88 0.40 4,591 0.71 8,034
 Vanuatu 92 0.42 4,522 0.83 9,065
 Austria 71,834 323.07 4,497 298.57 4,156
 Zambia 2,471 10.89 4,408 14.74 5,965
 United Kingdom 568,520 2,435.70 4,284 2,048.99 3,604
 Angola 10,582 45.17 4,268 73.45 6,941
 Netherlands[3] 168,513 677.96 4,023 609.87 3,619
 Democratic Republic of the Congo 2,200 8.79 3,993 17.43 7,924
 Italy 474,148 1,865.11 3,934 1,720.64 3,629
 Cape Verde 308 1.20 3,906 1.47 4,776
 Niger 935 3.65 3,903 8.56 9,157
 Luxembourg 11,277 42.59 3,777 36.02 3,194
 Belgium 107,199 400.30 3,734 358.02 3,340
 European Union 3,908,662 14,510.82 3,712 13,641.22 3,490
 Kiribati 29 0.11 3,690 0.56 19,448
 Uganda 2,706 9.96 3,680 29.58 10,930
 Germany 805,090 2,914.99 3,621 2,671.45 3,318
 Saint Kitts and Nevis 136 0.49 3,588 0.68 4,963
 Rwanda 796 2.83 3,559 7.93 9,960
 Mozambique 2,039 7.21 3,538 15.60 7,651
 Spain 352,235 1,233.43 3,502 1,269.57 3,604
 New Zealand 30,488 105.97 3,476 106.59 3,496
 Japan 1,293,409 4,363.63 3,374 4,079.14 3,154
 Sudan 10,813 36.40 3,366 71.17 6,581
 Portugal 60,001 195.19 3,253 220.57 3,676
 Bahamas 2,138 6.88 3,216 8.67 4,053
 Finland 66,693 209.71 3,144 172.98 2,594
 Brazil 352,524 1,089.30 3,090 1,700.57 4,824
 Malawi 1,049 3.15 2,998 9.11 8,685
 Uruguay 6,864 20.00 2,914 34.60 5,041
 El Salvador 6,461 18.65 2,887 38.79 6,004
 Costa Rica 7,854 22.53 2,868 41.86 5,330
 Namibia 2,831 7.98 2,819 11.98 4,230
   Nepal 3,241 9.03 2,787 27.86 8,595
 Greece 96,382 267.71 2,778 303.60 3,150
 Samoa 158 0.43 2,747 0.95 5,987
 Dominica 117 0.32 2,709 0.66 5,632
 Latvia 7,462 19.94 2,672 35.22 4,720
 Tanzania 5,372 14.35 2,671 44.46 8,276
 Haiti 1,811 4.84 2,670 10.52 5,809
 Panama 6,428 17.13 2,666 30.21 4,700
 Swaziland 1,016 2.67 2,629 5.18 5,095
 Guatemala 11,766 30.26 2,572 57.77 4,910
 Slovenia 15,173 38.94 2,566 51.14 3,370
 Colombia 63,422 162.50 2,562 342.77 5,405
 Malta 2,548 6.44 2,528 8.88 3,485
 Ivory Coast 6,882 17.38 2,526 31.22 4,536
 Ethiopia 6,006 15.17 2,525 54.39 9,055
 Saint Lucia 367 0.93 2,520 1.69 4,616
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 198 0.50 2,515 0.96 4,843
 Singapore 56,217 139.18 2,476 208.75 3,713
 Laos 1,426 3.51 2,459 11.41 8,000
 Bhutan 381 0.93 2,444 2.61 6,850
 Chile 60,100 146.76 2,442 214.41 3,568
 Peru 38,643 92.31 2,389 195.99 5,072
 Barbados 1,338 3.19 2,385 4.80 3,590
 Sri Lanka 11,876 28.28 2,381 77.51 6,526
 Botswana 4,770 11.30 2,369 23.51 4,929
 Antigua and Barbuda 425 1.01 2,367 1.41 3,315
 Cyprus 7,788 18.43 2,366 19.99 2,566
 Canada 544,680 1,278.97 2,348 1,203.74 2,210
 Grenada 242 0.56 2,331 1.05 4,331
 Paraguay 3,986 9.28 2,327 24.81 6,224
 United States 5,752,289 13,178.35 2,291 13,178.35 2,291
 Equatorial Guinea 4,356 9.60 2,205 15.76 3,618
 Senegal 4,261 9.37 2,198 19.30 4,529
 Eritrea 554 1.21 2,186 3.48 6,283
 Mexico 436,150 952.34 2,184 1,408.81 3,230
 Guinea 1,360 2.90 2,135 9.29 6,829
 Lithuania 14,190 30.08 2,120 54.04 3,808
 Albania 4,301 9.11 2,119 18.34 4,264
 Croatia 23,683 49.04 2,071 72.63 3,067
 Israel 70,440 143.98 2,044 174.61 2,479
 Australia 372,013 755.21 2,030 713.96 1,919
 South Korea 475,248 952.03 2,003 1,190.70 2,505
 Fiji 1,610 3.17 1,967 3.74 2,320
 Turkey 269,452 529.19 1,964 824.58 3,060
 Hungary 57,644 113.05 1,961 183.84 3,189
 Madagascar 2,834 5.52 1,947 16.84 5,943
 Brunei 5,911 11.47 1,940 18.93 3,203
 Timor-Leste 176 0.33 1,858 1.96 11,153
 Solomon Islands 180 0.33 1,856 0.86 4,789
 Kenya 12,151 22.52 1,853 52.74 4,340
 Togo 1,221 2.22 1,818 4.96 4,066
 Tonga 132 0.24 1,788 0.54 4,076
 Cambodia 4,074 7.26 1,783 23.03 5,653
 Dominican Republic 20,357 35.28 1,733 63.94 3,141
 Philippines 68,328 117.57 1,721 272.25 3,984
 Bolivia 6,973 11.53 1,653 37.37 5,359
 Mauritius 3,850 6.32 1,641 13.09 3,399
 Mauritania 1,665 2.70 1,621 5.74 3,448
 Djibouti 488 0.77 1,576 1.61 3,297
 Bangladesh 41,609 65.20 1,567 190.93 4,589
 Benin 3,109 4.74 1,524 11.29 3,631
 Gambia 334 0.51 1,521 1.92 5,743
 Nigeria 97,262 146.89 1,510 268.21 2,758
 Honduras 7,194 10.84 1,507 28.20 3,920
 Slovakia 37,459 56.00 1,495 96.76 2,583
 Belize 818 1.21 1,483 2.31 2,823
 Lebanon 15,330 22.44 1,464 40.46 2,639
 Armenia 4,371 6.38 1,461 14.68 3,357
 Morocco 45,316 65.64 1,448 120.32 2,655
 Burma 10,025 14.50 1,447 55.55 5,541
 Sierra Leone 994 1.42 1,433 3.62 3,644
 Georgia 5,518 7.77 1,408 17.77 3,221
 Ghana 9,240 12.73 1,378 28.72 3,108
 Tunisia 23,126 31.11 1,345 70.57 3,052
 Ecuador 31,328 41.40 1,322 94.48 3,016
 Seychelles 744 0.97 1,301 1.61 2,157
 Romania 98,490 122.70 1,246 226.51 2,300
 Qatar 46,193 56.92 1,232 66.90 1,448
 Argentina 173,536 212.71 1,226 469.75 2,707
 Czech Republic 116,991 142.31 1,216 228.48 1,953
 Nicaragua 4,334 5.26 1,215 14.93 3,444
 São Tomé and Príncipe 103 0.13 1,214 0.24 2,311
 Papua New Guinea 4,620 5.61 1,213 10.91 2,361
 United Arab Emirates 139,553 164.17 1,176 154.35 1,106
 Kuwait 86,599 101.56 1,173 119.96 1,385
 Guinea-Bissau 279 0.32 1,136 0.76 2,724
 Indonesia 333,483 364.35 1,093 767.92 2,303
 Venezuela 171,593 184.25 1,074 300.80 1,753
 Poland 318,219 341.67 1,074 567.94 1,785
 Maldives 869 0.92 1,053 1.44 1,654
 Libya 55,495 55.08 992 75.47 1,360
 Jamaica 12,151 11.45 942 19.93 1,640
 Estonia 17,523 16.45 939 25.31 1,444
 Saudi Arabia 381,564 356.63 935 522.12 1,368
 Yemen 21,201 19.06 899 49.21 2,321
 Pakistan 142,659 127.49 894 372.96 2,614
 Algeria 132,715 116.83 880 209.40 1,578
 Suriname 2,438 2.14 878 3.76 1,543
 Oman 41,378 35.73 863 56.44 1,364
 Malaysia 187,865 156.86 835 328.97 1,751
 Liberia 785 0.61 780 1.19 1,520
 Thailand 272,521 206.99 760 483.56 1,774
 Bahrain 21,292 15.85 744 22.41 1,053
 Jordan 20,724 14.84 716 26.25 1,266
 Bulgaria 48,085 31.69 659 79.24 1,648
 Egypt 166,800 107.38 644 367.64 2,204
 Russia 1,564,669 989.43 632 1,887.61 1,206
 South Africa 414,649 257.89 622 433.51 1,045
 Serbia and Montenegro 53,266 32.30 606 72.93 1,369
 Guyana 1,507 0.91 606 2.70 1,792
 Azerbaijan 35,050 21.03 600 51.71 1,475
 Macedonia 10,875 6.38 587 16.14 1,484
 India 1,510,351 874.77 579 2,672.66 1,770
 Trinidad and Tobago 33,601 19.38 577 23.62 703
 Vietnam 106,132 60.93 574 198.94 1,874
 Belarus 68,849 36.96 537 94.80 1,377
 Iraq 92,572 49.27 532 90.51 978
 Kyrgyzstan 5,566 2.84 510 9.45 1,698
 Zimbabwe 11,081 5.60 505 2.29 207
 Syria 68,460 33.51 489 82.09 1,199
 Turkmenistan 44,103 21.40 485 23.40 531
 Iran 466,976 222.13 476 693.32 1,485
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 27,438 12.28 447 25.70 937
 Tajikistan 6,391 2.81 440 10.69 1,672
 Moldova 7,821 3.41 436 9.19 1,175
 China[4] 6,103,493 2,657.84 435 6,122.24 1,003
 Kazakhstan 193,508 81.00 419 150.56 778
 Ukraine 319,158 108.00 338 291.30 913
 Mongolia 9,442 3.16 334 7.47 791
 Uzbekistan 115,672 17.03 147 57.09 494

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.iea.org/co2highlights

Gross Domestic Product

International Monetary Fund, World Economic Outlook Database, April 2007, World Economic Outlook Database

Carbon Dioxide Emissions

United Nations Millennium Development Goals Indicators, last updated - August 1, 2009[citation needed]