List of countries by spoken languages

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This list shows countries organised by the languages which are spoken there.

Contents

Indo-European languages[edit]

Albanian[edit]

Armenian[edit]

Baltic[edit]

Latgalian[edit]

Latvian[edit]

Lithuanian[edit]

Celtic[edit]

Map of the Celtic nations

Breton[edit]

Cornish[edit]

Irish[edit]

Manx[edit]

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Welsh[edit]

Germanic[edit]

Afrikaans[edit]

Alsatian[edit]

Danish[edit]

Dutch[edit]

English[edit]

Faroese[edit]

Frisian[edit]

German[edit]

Map of the German-speaking world

Icelandic[edit]

Low German[edit]

  •  Germany (recognized as regional language)
  •  Netherlands (recognized as regional language)

Norwegian[edit]

Scots[edit]

Swedish[edit]

Greek[edit]

Iranian[edit]

Balochi[edit]

Persian[edit]

Tajik[edit]

Kurdish[edit]

  •  Armenia (recognized minority)
  •  Iran (regional)
  •  Iraq (official)
  •  Syria (significant minority)
  •  Turkey (significant minority)

Mazandarani[edit]

Pashto[edit]

Indo-Aryan[edit]

Angika[edit]

  •  Cambodia (minority language)
  •  India (majority in Anga, significant minority in the rest of the country)
  •  Laos (minority language)
  •  Malaysia (minority language)
  •    Nepal (minority language)
  •  Vietnam (minority language)

Assamese[edit]

Awadhi[edit]

Bengali[edit]

Bhili[edit]

Bhojpuri[edit]

Bishnupriya Manipuri[edit]

Chakma[edit]

Chhattisgarhi[edit]

Chittagonian[edit]

Dhivehi[edit]

Dogri[edit]

Domari[edit]

Gujarati[edit]

Hajong[edit]

Halbi[edit]

Kalash[edit]

Kashmiri[edit]

Khandeshi[edit]

Khowar[edit]

Konkani[edit]

Kumaoni[edit]

  •  India (majority in Uttarakhand) (minority in Assam)

Lomavren[edit]

Magadhi[edit]

Maithili[edit]

Mal Paharia[edit]

Marathi[edit]

Marwari[edit]

Nepali[edit]

Oriya[edit]

Punjabi[edit]

Rajasthani[edit]

Rajbanshi[edit]

Rohingya[edit]

Tamil India, Sri Lanka Philippines Malaysia Singapore Réunion, Mauritius, Indonesia Burma South Africa Thailand Guyana, Fiji, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago

Romani[edit]

Sindhi[edit]

Sinhalese[edit]

Sylheti[edit]

Tanchangya[edit]

Urdu[edit]

Italic[edit]

Catalan[edit]

Corsican[edit]

French[edit]

Map of the French-speaking world

Galician[edit]

Italian[edit]

Map of the Italian-speaking world

Jèrriais[edit]

Latin[edit]

Mirandese[edit]

Portuguese[edit]

Map of the Lusophone world

Romanian[edit]

Romansh[edit]

Spanish[edit]

Map of the Hispanophone world

The following is a list of the 21 countries where Spanish is an official language:

Slavic[edit]

Belarusian[edit]

Bosnian[edit]

Bulgarian[edit]

Croatian[edit]

Czech[edit]

Kashubian[edit]

Macedonian[edit]

Polish[edit]

Russian[edit]

Map of the Russian-speaking world

Rusyn[edit]

Serbian[edit]

Slovak[edit]

Slovene[edit]

Sorbian, Lower[edit]

Sorbian, Upper[edit]

Ukrainian[edit]

Mongolic languages[edit]

Mongolian[edit]

Turkic languages[edit]

Azerbaijani[edit]

Uyghur[edit]

Uzbek[edit]

Kazakh[edit]

Kyrgyz[edit]

Turkish[edit]

Turkmen[edit]

Gagauz[edit]

Tatar[edit]

Crimean Tatar[edit]

Afro-Asiatic languages[edit]

Semitic languages[edit]

Arabic[edit]

Distribution of Arabic as sole official language (green) and one of several official languages (blue)

Hebrew[edit]

Maltese[edit]

  •  Malta (official language)

Dravidian languages[edit]

Badaga[edit]

Brahui[edit]

Chenchu[edit]

Duruwa[edit]

Gondi[edit]

Kolami[edit]

Koraga[edit]

Kota[edit]

  •  India (minority, endangered Dravidian language)

Koya[edit]

Kui[edit]

Kumarbhag Paharia[edit]

Kurukh[edit]

Maria[edit]

Nagarchal[edit]

  •  India (minority, endangered Dravidian language)

Pardhan[edit]

Sauria Paharia[edit]

Toda[edit]

  •  India (minority, endangered Dravidian language)

Telugu[edit]

Kannada[edit]

Tamil[edit]

Malayalam[edit]

  •  India (official at state of kerala)
  •  Bahrain (minority)

Tulu[edit]

Kodava[edit]

Ollari[edit]

Japonic languages[edit]

Japanese[edit]

Ryukyuan[edit]

Language isolate[edit]

Basque[edit]

Korean[edit]

Nihali[edit]

  •  India (minority, endangered language)

South Caucasian languages[edit]

Georgian[edit]

Mingrelian language[edit]

Svan language[edit]

Laz language[edit]

Sino-Tibetan languages[edit]

Chinese or Sinitic languages[edit]

Map of the Sinophone world
Information:
  Countries identified Chinese as a primary, administrative, or native language
  Countries with more than 5,000,000 Chinese speakers w/ or w/o recognition
  Countries with more than 1,000,000 Chinese speakers w/ or w/o recognition
  Countries with more than 500,000 Chinese speakers w/ or w/o recognition
  Countries with more than 100,000 Chinese speakers w/ or w/o recognition
  Major Chinese speaking settlements
The varieties of spoken Chinese in Eastern China and Taiwan.

Yue Chinese[edit]

Cantonese[edit]
Gaoyang[edit]
Taishanese[edit]

Hakka[edit]

Hui[edit]

Jin[edit]

Mandarin[edit]

Jilu Mandarin[edit]
Jiaoliao Mandarin[edit]
Northeastern Mandarin[edit]
Southwestern Mandarin[edit]
Standard Chinese[edit]
Zhongyuan Mandarin[edit]

Min[edit]

Leizhou Min[edit]
Min Bei[edit]
Min Dong[edit]
Min Nan[edit]
Min Zhong[edit]
Puxian Min[edit]
Hainanese[edit]

Pinghua[edit]

Wu[edit]

Xiang[edit]

Malayo-Polynesian languages[edit]

Bornean[edit]

Brunei Malay[edit]

Coastal Kadazan[edit]

Iban[edit]

Malagasy[edit]

Philippines[edit]

Aklanon[edit]

Bikol[edit]

Bolinao[edit]

Cebuano[edit]

Cuyonon[edit]

Filipino[edit]

Hiligaynon[edit]

Ibanag[edit]

Ifugao[edit]

Ilokano[edit]

Ivatan[edit]

Kalinga[edit]

Kamayo[edit]

Kankana-ey[edit]

Kapampangan[edit]

Kinaray-a[edit]

Maguindanao[edit]

Maranao[edit]

Masbatenyo[edit]

Pangasinan[edit]

Romblomanon[edit]

Surigaonon[edit]

Tagalog[edit]

Tao[edit]

Tausug[edit]

Waray-Waray[edit]

Zambal[edit]

Oceanic[edit]

East Fijian[edit]

Fijian[edit]

Micronesian[edit]

Carolinian[edit]
Chuukese[edit]
Gilbertese[edit]
Kosraean[edit]
Marshallese[edit]
Nauruan[edit]
Pohnpeian[edit]
Sosorolese[edit]
Tobian[edit]
Ulithian[edit]
Yapese[edit]

Polynesian[edit]

Cook Islands Māori[edit]
Futunan[edit]
Hawaiian[edit]
Māori[edit]
Niuean[edit]
Rapa Nui[edit]
Samoan[edit]
Tahitan[edit]
Tokelauan[edit]
Tongan[edit]
Tuvaluan[edit]
Wallisian[edit]

Sunda–Sulawesi[edit]

Acehnese[edit]

Balinese[edit]

Banjarese[edit]

Batak Toba[edit]

Buginese[edit]

Chamorro[edit]

Indonesian[edit]

Map of locations speakers of Indonesian

Javanese[edit]

Lampung[edit]

Madurese[edit]

Makassarese[edit]

Malay[edit]

Minangkabau[edit]

Palauan[edit]

Rejang[edit]

Sasak[edit]

Tetum[edit]

Uralic languages[edit]

Estonian[edit]

Finnish[edit]

Hungarian[edit]

Sami[edit]

Na-Dene[edit]

Apachean[edit]

Navajo[edit]

Apache[edit]

Chiricahua[edit]
Jicarilla[edit]
Lipan Apache[edit]
Plains Apache[edit]
Mescalero[edit]
Western Apache[edit]

Austroasiatic[edit]

Khasi[edit]

Khmer[edit]

Mon[edit]

Vietnamese[edit]

Tai–Kadai[edit]

Lao[edit]

Thai[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ "Welsh Government | Census of population". Wales.gov.uk. Retrieved 2013-12-20. 
  2. ^ 1987 Constitution of the Republic of the Philippines. Official website of the Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved 2008-02-20. [dead link] (Article XIV, Section 7)
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j [1] Johnson, Fern L. "Speaking culturally: language diversity in the United States," Table 1.5: "Speakers age 5 years and older of top 25 languages other than English." Sage Publications, Inc., 1999. Page 12. ISBN 978-0-8039-5912-5. Retrieved August 5, 2011
  4. ^ http://www.usefoundation.org/view/981
  5. ^ census.gov 2007 American Community Survey. Accessed 2010-07-13.

External links[edit]