List of countries by suicide rate

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The following is a list of suicide rates by country according to data from the World Health Organization, in which a country's rank is determined by its total rate deaths officially recorded as suicides in the most recent available year, last updated in 2011. The WHO statistics are based on the official reports from each respective country, and therefore, no more accurate than the record-keeping in the specific country.

Incidence of suicide tends to be under-reported due to both religious and social pressures, and possibly completely unreported in some areas. Since the data might be skewed, comparing suicide rates between nations is statistically unsound.

Male and female suicide rates are out of total male population and total female population, respectively (i.e. total number of male suicides divided by total male population). The total rate of suicides is based on the total number of suicides divided by the total population, rather than merely the average of the male and female suicide rates, because the gender ratio in most countries is not 1:1. Year refers to the most recent year that data was available for a particular country.

A world map showing countries according to their number of suicides per 100,000 people.

List[edit]

Suicides per 100,000 people per year[1]
Rank Country Male Female Average Year
1  Greenland[2][3] (more info) 116.9 45.0 83.0 2011[4]
2  Lithuania[5] (more info) 54.7 10.8 31.0 2012
3  South Korea[6] (more info) 38.2 18.0 28.1 2012
4  Guyana[7](more info) 39.0 13.4 26.4 2006
5  Kazakhstan[7](more info) 43.0 9.4 25.6 2008
6  Slovenia[8] 34.6 9.4 21.8 2011
7  Hungary[9] 37.4 8.5 21.7 2009
8  Japan (more info)[10] 21.4 2013
9  Sri Lanka (more info) 34.8 9.24 21.3 2011[11]
10  Latvia[citation needed] 20.8 2010[12]
11  Belarus[13][14] 20.5 2012
12  Ukraine[15] (more info) 19.8 2012
13  Croatia[16] 30.2 10.0 19.7 2002
14  Sweden 16.4 5.9 19.2 2012 [17]
15  Russia[18] (more info) 18.9 2014
16  Moldova 17.6 2008
17  Poland 17.5 2013
18  Serbia 24.9 9.0 17.3 2011[19]
19  Belgium[note 1][9][note 2] 17.0 2009[20]
20  Uruguay[21] 16.5 2012
21  Bhutan[22](more info) 16.2 2011
22  Finland[23] 24.6 7.9 16.0 2012
23  South Africa[24] 15.4 2005
24  Austria 23.8 7.1 15.45 2009
25  Taiwan[25] 20.5 9.7 15.1 2011
26  Estonia 27.3 4.5 14.8 2010[12]
27  France (more info) 22.8 7.4 14.7 2010[12]
28  Suriname 23.9 4.8 14.4 2005
29  Bosnia and Herzegovina[26] 13.3 2011
30  Czech Republic 12.8 2010
31  Cuba 19.0 5.5 12.3 2008
32  Bulgaria 18.8 6.2 12.3 2008
33  Hong Kong[27] 10.6 13.8 12.2 2011
34  United States[28] (more info) 19.2 5.5 12.0 2009
35  Romania 20.8 3.7 11.9 2009
36  Norway 14.0 5.0 11.9 2012
37  United Kingdom (more info) 18.2 5.1 11.8 2011[29]
38  New Zealand[30] 17.0 6.4 11.5 2010
39  Portugal[9] 11.5 2011[31]
40  Canada (more info) 17.9 5.3 11.5 2009[32]
41  Denmark 16.6 6.2 11.3 2010[33]
42  Iceland[34] 18.3 4.6 11.3 2009
43  Chile 18.2 4.2 11.2 2007
44   Switzerland 16.5 6.2 11.1 2009
45  Trinidad and Tobago 17.9 3.8 10.7 2006
46  India (more info) 13.0 7.8 10.5 2009
47  Ireland 17.4 3.4 10.3 2013[35]
48  Singapore 13.3 7.3 10.3 2012[36]
49  Australia[37] 15.3 4.8 10.0 2011
50  Slovakia[9] 17.4 2.8 9.9 2011
51  Germany[9] 15.6 4.7 9.9 2010
52  Kyrgyzstan 14.1 3.6 8.8 2009
53  Netherlands[9] 12.0 5.0 8.8 2010
54  Turkmenistan 13.8 3.5 8.6 1998
55  Republic of Macedonia[9] 12.6 3.9 8.0 2009
56  El Salvador 12.9 3.6 8.0 2008
57 China China[38] [39] 8.3 7.6 7.9 2006
58  Zimbabwe 10.6 5.2 7.9 1990
59  Luxembourg[9] 13.2 2.9 7.8 2008
60  Argentina 12.6 3.0 7.7 2008
61  Spain 11.8 3.4 7.6 2012[40]
62  Ecuador 10.5 3.6 7.1 2009
63  Mauritius 11.8 1.9 6.8 2008
64  Italy 10.0 2.8 6.3 2007
65  Costa Rica 10.2 1.9 6.1 2009
66  Thailand 9.5 2.7 6.1 2011[41]
67  Israel[42] 9.9 2.1 5.8 2007
68  Nicaragua 9.0 2.6 5.8 2006
69  Panama 9.0 1.9 5.5 2008
70  Colombia 7.9 2.0 4.9 2007
71  Brazil 7.7 2.0 4.8 2008
72  Iran[43][44] 3.9 2.1 4.8 2013
73  Uzbekistan 7.0 2.3 4.7 2005
74  Cambodia 4.6 2008
75  Georgia 7.1 1.7 4.3 2009
76  Albania[45] 4.7 3.3 4.0 2003
77  Mexico 6.8 1.3 4.0 2008
78  Honduras[46] 3.84 2011
79  Bahrain 4.0 3.5 3.8 2006
80  Belize 6.6 0.7 3.7 2008
81  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 5.4 1.9 3.7 2008
82  Turkey[47] 3.62 2011
83  Paraguay 5.1 2.0 3.6 2008
84  Cyprus[9] 5.9 1.3 3.6 2009
85  Guatemala 5.6 1.7 3.6 2008
86  Barbados 7.3 0.0 3.5 2006
87  Greece 6.1 1.0 3.5 2009
88  Malta 5.9 1.0 3.4 2008
89  Venezuela 5.3 1.2 3.2 2007
90  Philippines 4.5 1.0 2.75 2005[48]
91  Tajikistan 2.9 2.3 2.6 2001
92  Saint Lucia 4.9 0.0 2.4 2005
93  Dominican Republic 3.9 0.7 2.3 2005
94  Armenia 2.8 1.1 1.9 2008
95  Kuwait 1.9 1.7 1.8 2009
96  The Bahamas 1.9 0.6 1.2 2005
97  Jordan 0.0 0.0 1.1 2009
98  Pakistan [49] 1.45 0.71 1.10 2012
99  Peru 1.1 0.6 0.9 2000
100  São Tomé and Príncipe 0.0 1.8 0.9 1987
101  Azerbaijan 1.0 0.3 0.6 2007
102  Maldives 0.7 0.0 0.3 2005
103  Jamaica 0.3 0.0 0.1 1990
104  Syria 0.2 0.0 0.1 1985
105  Egypt 0.1 0.0 0.1 2009
106  Grenada 0.0 0.0 0.0 2008
107  Saint Kitts and Nevis 0.0 0.0 0.0 1995
108  Antigua and Barbuda 0.0 0.0 0.0 1995
109  Haiti 0.0 0.0 0.0 2003
110    Nepal 0.0 0.0 0.0 2003

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Recently released figures by official Belgian authorities suggest a considerably higher rate of 17.0 persons (total) per 100,000 people per annum in 2009 (5,712 cases in a population of 10,749,000 (=10,666,866 as of 1 January 2008 increasing by 0,77% per annum.) as of 1 January 2009)."Toenemend aantal zelfdodingen in Belgie". 2011. 
  2. ^ The number of death in Belgium in 2008 due to suicide "zichzelf schade toebrengen" was reported at 2000 out of a total of 103.760 death. These death comprise 1453 men and 547 women. This puts the suicide rate at about 19 per 100.000. See statbel: http://statbel.fgov.be/nl/binaries/NL%20-%20Tableau%201%2E3_T_2008_tcm325-168456.pdf
  • The updated figure of suicide rates in Belgium for 2011 is 2,084 on a total population of 10,933,607, equivalent to 18.96 per 100,000 inhabitants (source: Het Nieuwsblad, 10 April 2014).

References[edit]

  1. ^ Unless otherwise stated all statistics are from WHO: "Suicide rates per 100,000 by country, year and sex (Table)". World Health Organization. 2011. Retrieved 2012-01-26. 
  2. ^ "The Suicide Capital of the World". Retrieved 13 March 2013. 
  3. ^ "Rising suicide rate baffles Greenland". Retrieved 13 March 2013. 
  4. ^ "Statistics Greenland". 
  5. ^ "Savižudybių statistika;". Valstybinis psichikos sveikatos centras. Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  6. ^ "Causes of Death Statistics in 2012" (PDF). Statistics Korea. 2012. Retrieved 2013-09-25. 
  7. ^ a b Värnik, P. (2012). "Suicide in the World". International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 9 (12): 760. doi:10.3390/ijerph9030760.  edit
  8. ^ Unless otherwise stated all statistics are from WHO: "Suicide rates per 100,000 by country, year and sex (Table)". Statistični urad Republike Slovenije. 2011. Retrieved 2012-01-26. 
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Death Due To Suicide". Eurostat. European Commission. 2009. Retrieved 2010-01-10. 
  10. ^ "JapanToday; LEAD: No. of suicides in 2013 falls below 30,000 for 2nd straight year: white paper". JapanToday. 2014-06-04. Retrieved 2014-07-09. 
  11. ^ "Sri Lanka Journal of Psychiatry Vol 3(2) December 2012". 
  12. ^ a b c http://www.stat.ee/57205
  13. ^ "National Statistical Committee of the Republic of Belarus (for 2012);". Belstat. Retrieved 2012-12-03. 
  14. ^ "The Demographic situation;". National Statistical Committee of the Republic of Belarus. 2012. Retrieved 2013-12-03. 
  15. ^ Хаустова О. О. Самогубства та побутова смертність в Україні: підсумки 2012 року // Український вісник психоневрології. — 2013. — В. 4 (77). — Т. 21. — С. 12-18.
  16. ^ Hrvatski zavod za zdravstvo. "MENTALNE BOLESTI I POREME ĆAJI U REPUBLICI HRVATSKOJ". Statistika HZZJ. Zagreb. Retrieved 4 December 2012. 
  17. ^ http://ki.se/nasp/sjalvmord-i-sverige.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  18. ^ "Rosstat". Rosstat. 2014-01-30. Retrieved 2014-02-01. 
  19. ^ "Report of Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia". Retrieved 2013-05-27. 
  20. ^ Eurostat
  21. ^ http://www.lr21.com.uy/comunidad/1117598-grave-preocupacion-por-tasa-en-alza-de-165-suicidios-cada-100-000-habitantes.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  22. ^ "World Suicide Death Rate Rankings (WHO)" (PDF). 2011-12-16. 
  23. ^ "Causes of death 2012, Statistics Finland". 2013-12-30. 
  24. ^ This data is for urban areas only. Burrows, Stephanie; Lucie Laflamme (February 2006). "Suicide Mortality in South Africa". Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology.  http://www.springerlink.com/content/px7v1186u51k738w The data available for the whole of South Africa in 2007 are: men 1.4, women 0.4, total 0.9 (source: WHO)
  25. ^ "Causes of death, Department of Health, Taiwan" (XLS). Retrieved 2013-05-20. 
  26. ^ SRNA (2012-04-16). "BiH: Prošle godine ubilo se 507 lica, od čega 16 maloletnika". SRNA. Retrieved 4 December 2012. 
  27. ^ Statistics. Centre for Suicide Research and Prevention. 2013.
  28. ^ http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm6128a8.htm.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  29. ^ "UK suicide rate rises 'significantly' in 2011". BBC News. 22 January 2013. 
  30. ^ "Suicide Facts: Deaths and intentional self-harm hospitalisations 2010" (PDF). Retrieved 2013-06-06. 
  31. ^ "Crise aumenta número de suicídios em Portugal" (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2013-02-10. 
  32. ^ "Suicides and suicide rate, by sex and by age group, Canada". 
  33. ^ "Center for Selvmordsforskning, statistikbank". 
  34. ^ "36 died from own hand". Hagstofa Íslands/Statistical Bureau of Iceland. Morgunblaðið. 2010. Retrieved 2010-09-21. 
  35. ^ Central Statistics Office. "Vital Statistics - Fourth Quarter and Yearly Summary - 2013". 
  36. ^ Samaritians of Singapore. "Suicide Statistics in Singapore". 
  37. ^ Overview of suicide in Australia. Mindframe. 2013.
  38. ^ 中国自杀率下降趋势的社会学分析
  39. ^ [ http://www.economist.com/node/21605942/ A dramatic decline in suicides: Back from the edge]
  40. ^ "Suicides and suicide rate, by sex and by age group, Spain". 
  41. ^ "Suicide Rates: Thailand". 
  42. ^ "Adobe Acrobat - loss_2011.pdf" (PDF). Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  43. ^ "Iranian Legal Medicine Organization". 2013.  www.lmo.ir
  44. ^ "Tehran has the highest rate of suicide in Iran.". 2013.  Bahar Newspaper
  45. ^ "WHO | Suicide rates per 100,000 by country, year and sex (Table)". Who.int. 2009-12-07. Retrieved 2010-09-30. 
  46. ^ "Mortalidad y otros (Mortality and others)". IUDPAS. 2011-03-01. Retrieved 2013-01-22. 
  47. ^ "TÜİK İntihar İstatistikleri". http://www.tuik.gov.tr. 
  48. ^ http://gulfnews.com/news/world/philippines/suicide-rate-has-steadily-risen-in-philippines-for-21-years-report-1.1049675
  49. ^ Based on a population of 180.4 million in 2012 (Population Reference Bureau), a sex ratio of 1.06 males/female (CIA World Factbook, 2013) and figures from 'State of Human Rights in 2012' by the Human Rights Commission of Pakistan: 1,976 persons committed suicide in 2012 across the country of which 626 were women.

External links[edit]