List of countries by suicide rate

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The following is a list of suicide rates by country according to data from the World Health Organization, in which a country's rank is determined by its total rate deaths officially recorded as suicides in the most recent available year, last updated in 2011. The WHO statistics are based on the official reports from each respective country, and therefore, no more accurate than the record-keeping in the specific country.

Incidence of suicide tends to be under-reported due to both religious and social pressures, and possibly completely unreported in some areas. Since the data might be skewed, comparing suicide rates between nations is statistically unsound. For example attempted suicide is illegal in Nepal and people who attempt suicide when caught are subject to imprisonment, fines or both; therefore, any suicide figures for Nepal will underestimate the incidence.[1] And though Australia overall ranks 50 in the list, its Aboriginal population, in 2014, had 70 suicides per 100,000.[2] making its indigenous suicide rate second on the list behind Greenland, with a similar indigenous population affected by colonization. Male and female suicide rates are out of total male population and total female population, respectively (i.e. total number of male suicides divided by total male population). The total rate of suicides is based on the total number of suicides divided by the total population, rather than merely the average of the male and female suicide rates, because the gender ratio in most countries is not 1:1.

List by the World Health Organization (2012)[edit]

Data as of June 13, 2015.[3]

Suicides per 100,000 people per year
Both sexes
rank
Country Both sexes Male
rank
Male Female
rank
Female
1  Guyana (more info) 44.2 1 70.8 1 22.1
2  South Korea (more info) 28.9 5 41.7 5 18.0
3  Sri Lanka (more info) 28.8 3 46.4 7 12.8
4  Lithuania (more info) 28.2 2 51.0 29 8.4
5  Suriname 27.8 4 44.5 11 11.9
6  Mozambique 27.4 8 34.2 2 21.1
7  Tanzania 24.9 13 31.6 4 18.3
7    Nepal (more info) 24.9 17 30.1 3 20.0
9  Kazakhstan (more info) 23.8 6 40.6 21 9.3
10  Burundi 23.1 9 34.1 9 12.5
11  India (more info) 21.1 22 25.8 6 16.4
12  South Sudan 19.8 19 27.1 7 12.8
13  Turkmenistan 19.6 11 32.5 32 7.5
14  Russia (more info) 19.5 7 35.1 46 6.2
14  Uganda 19.5 20 26.9 10 12.3
16  Hungary 19.1 12 32.4 34 7.4
17  Japan (more info) 18.5 20 26.9 17 10.1
18  Belarus 18.3 10 32.7 44 6.4
19  Zimbabwe 18.1 18 27.2 18 9.7
20  Bhutan (more info) 17.8 32 23.1 13 11.2
21  Sudan 17.2 33 23.0 12 11.5
22  Comoros 16.9 29 24.0 15 10.3
23  Ukraine (more info) 16.8 16 30.3 55 5.3
24  Poland 16.6 15 30.5 98 3.8
24  Guinea 16.6 27 24.1 27 8.6
26  Eritrea 16.3 22 25.8 24 8.7
27  Latvia 16.2 14 30.7 86 4.3
27  Kenya 16.2 26 24.4 29 8.4
29  Malawi 16.0 30 23.9 23 8.9
30  Zambia 15.7 39 20.8 14 10.8
31  Montenegro 15.3 25 24.7 44 6.4
32  Djibouti 15.1 38 20.9 20 9.5
33  Finland 14.8 34 22.2 32 7.5
34  Belgium 14.2 36 21.0 31 7.7
35  Iceland 14.0 36 21.0 40 6.7
36  Angola 13.8 41 20.7 35 7.3
37  Moldova 13.7 27 24.1 73 4.8
38  Estonia 13.6 24 24.9 98 3.8
38  El Salvador 13.6 31 23.5 53 5.7
40  Myanmar 13.1 60 16.5 15 10.3
41  Trinidad and Tobago 13.0 42 20.4 46 6.2
42  Czech Republic 12.5 35 21.5 97 3.9
43  Slovenia 12.4 39 20.8 84 4.4
43  Serbia 12.4 44 19.9 50 5.8
43  Somalia 12.4 54 18.1 39 6.8
43  Papua New Guinea 12.4 66 15.9 22 9.1
47  France (more info) 12.3 47 19.3 49 6.0
48  Chile 12.2 49 19.0 50 5.8
48  Bolivia 12.2 63 16.2 28 8.5
50  Uruguay 12.1 43 20.0 61 5.2
50  United States of America 12.1 46 19.4 61 5.2
52  Rwanda 11.9 57 17.1 36 7.2
53  Croatia 11.6 45 19.8 78 4.5
54  Austria 11.5 53 18.2 54 5.4
54  Ethiopia 11.5 60 16.5 40 6.7
56  Thailand 11.4 48 19.1 78 4.5
56  Cuba 11.4 50 18.5 78 4.5
58  Sweden 11.1 63 16.2 48 6.1
59  Ireland 11.0 58 16.9 61 5.2
59  Madagascar 11.0 69 15.2 38 6.9
61  Bosnia and Herzegovina 10.8 55 18.0 89 4.1
61  Bulgaria 10.8 59 16.6 55 5.3
63  Australia 10.6 65 16.1 61 5.2
63  Solomon Islands 10.6 76 13.9 36 7.2
65  Romania 10.5 52 18.4 109 2.9
66  Argentina 10.3 56 17.2 89 4.1
67  Slovakia 10.1 50 18.5 121 2.5
67  Congo 10.1 67 15.8 73 4.8
69  Nicaragua 10.0 68 15.4 70 4.9
70  Mongolia 9.8 62 16.3 100 3.7
70  Canada (more info) 9.8 70 14.9 73 4.8
72  Congo 9.6 71 14.7 77 4.6
72  New Zealand 9.6 73 14.4 69 5.0
74  Central African Republic 9.5 75 14.1 55 5.3
75  Cambodia 9.4 86 12.6 43 6.5
76  Pakistan 9.3 106 9.1 19 9.6
77  Germany 9.2 72 14.5 89 4.1
77  Kyrgyzstan 9.2 74 14.2 78 4.5
77   Switzerland 9.2 78 13.6 68 5.1
77  Ecuador 9.2 81 13.2 55 5.3
81  Norway 9.1 84 13.0 61 5.2
82  Denmark 8.8 78 13.6 89 4.1
82  Laos 8.8 91 11.2 42 6.6
84  Guatemala 8.7 77 13.7 86 4.3
84  Luxembourg 8.7 84 13.0 84 4.4
86  Uzbekistan 8.5 81 13.2 89 4.1
87  Portugal 8.2 78 13.6 102 3.5
87  Gabon 8.2 87 12.1 78 4.5
87  Netherlands 8.2 89 11.7 73 4.8
90  Bahrain 8.1 90 11.6 109 2.9
91  Mauritius 8.0 81 13.2 109 2.9
91  Timor-Leste 8.0 99 10.2 50 5.8
93  Turkey 7.9 88 11.8 88 4.2
94  China (more info) 7.8 128 7.1 24 8.7
94  Bangladesh 7.8 131 6.8 24 8.7
96  Sierra Leone 7.7 94 11.0 78 4.5
97  Cote d'Ivoire 7.4 96 10.6 89 4.1
97  Singapore 7.4 101 9.8 55 5.3
99  Fiji 7.3 96 10.6 89 4.1
100  Cameroon 7.0 95 10.9 103 3.4
101  Costa Rica 6.7 91 11.2 129 2.2
102  Nigeria 6.5 98 10.3 109 2.9
103  Maldives 6.4 118 7.8 70 4.9
103  Brunei 6.4 119 7.7 61 5.2
105  United Kingdom (more info) 6.2 101 9.8 119 2.6
105  Swaziland 6.2 111 8.6 89 4.1
107  Lesotho 6.1 105 9.2 103 3.4
107  Paraguay 6.1 106 9.1 105 3.2
109  Malta 6.0 93 11.1 164 0.7
110  Israel 5.9 101 9.8 127 2.3
110  Albania 5.9 134 6.6 61 5.2
112  Brazil 5.8 104 9.4 121 2.5
113  Benin 5.7 110 8.8 107 3.1
113  Afghanistan 5.7 136 6.2 55 5.3
115  Togo 5.5 113 8.5 113 2.8
115  Honduras 5.5 114 8.3 113 2.8
117  Colombia 5.4 106 9.1 137 1.9
117  Senegal 5.4 111 8.6 113 2.8
119  Morocco 5.3 100 9.9 154 1.2
120  Republic of Macedonia 5.2 124 7.3 105 3.2
120  Iran 5.2 133 6.7 101 3.6
122  Spain 5.1 115 8.2 129 2.2
123  Viet Nam 5.0 117 8.0 123 2.4
123  Gambia 5.0 121 7.6 119 2.6
125  Cabo Verde 4.8 106 9.1 143 1.6
125  Burkina Faso 4.8 124 7.3 113 2.8
125  Mali 4.8 126 7.2 118 2.7
128  Panama 4.7 116 8.1 151 1.3
128  Cyprus 4.7 119 7.7 144 1.5
128  Italy 4.7 121 7.6 137 1.9
128  Chad 4.7 123 7.4 127 2.3
128  Guinea-Bissau 4.7 126 7.2 123 2.4
128  Guinea 4.7 128 7.1 123 2.4
134  Qatar 4.6 138 5.7 154 1.2
135  Liberia 4.3 131 6.8 135 2.0
135  Indonesia 4.3 156 3.7 70 4.9
137  Mexico 4.2 128 7.1 141 1.7
137  Tajikistan 4.2 138 5.7 113 2.8
139  Dominican Republic 4.1 137 6.1 132 2.1
140  Greece 3.8 135 6.3 151 1.3
140  Botswana 3.8 138 5.7 135 2.0
142  Yemen 3.7 151 4.3 108 3.0
143  Niger 3.5 143 5.3 137 1.9
144  Georgia 3.2 138 5.7 159 1.0
144  Peru 3.2 149 4.4 132 2.1
144  United Arab Emirates 3.2 155 3.9 141 1.7
147  Ghana 3.1 153 4.2 129 2.2
148  South Africa 3.0 142 5.5 158 1.1
148  Malaysia 3.0 147 4.7 144 1.5
150  Armenia 2.9 144 5.0 162 0.9
150  Philippines 2.9 146 4.8 154 1.2
150  Mauritania 2.9 148 4.5 144 1.5
153  Haiti 2.8 159 3.3 123 2.4
154  Namibia 2.7 149 4.4 148 1.4
155  Belize 2.6 145 4.9 169 0.5
155  Venezuela 2.6 151 4.3 159 1.0
157  Tunisia 2.4 158 3.4 148 1.4
158  Barbados 2.3 154 4.1 166 0.6
158  Bahamas 2.3 157 3.6 151 1.3
160  Jordan 2.0 163 2.2 137 1.9
161  Algeria 1.9 162 2.3 144 1.5
162  Libya 1.8 163 2.2 148 1.4
163  Egypt 1.7 160 2.4 154 1.2
163  Azerbaijan 1.7 160 2.4 159 1.0
163  Iraq 1.7 166 1.2 132 2.1
166  Jamaica 1.2 165 1.8 164 0.7
167  Oman 1.0 166 1.2 166 0.6
168  Lebanon 0.9 166 1.2 166 0.6
168  Kuwait 0.9 169 1.0 163 0.8
170  Syria 0.4 170 0.7 170 0.2
170  Saudi Arabia 0.4 171 0.6 170 0.2

List by other sources[edit]

Suicides per 100,000 people per year[4]
Rank Country Male Female Average Year
1  Greenland[5][6][7] (more info) 116.9 45.0 83.0 (0.0830%) 2011
2  Lithuania[8] (more info) 65.1 12.4 36.7 (0.0367%) 2013
3  South Korea[9] (more info) 39.8 17.3 28.5 (0.0285%) 2013
4  Guyana[10](more info) 39.0 13.4 26.4 (0.0264%) 2006
5  Kazakhstan[10](more info) 43.0 9.4 25.6 (0.0256%) 2008
6  Slovenia[11] 34.6 9.4 21.8 (0.0218%) 2011
7  Japan (more info)[12] 28.2 12.3 20.1 (0.0201%) 2014
8  Hungary[13] 21.1 (0.0211%) 2013
10  Poland[14][15] 20.5 (0.0205%) 2012
11  Ukraine[16] (more info) 19.8 (0.0198%) 2012
12  Latvia[17] 19.0 (0.0190%) 2013
13  Russia[18] (more info) 18.2 (0.0182%) 2014
14  Moldova 17.6 (0.0176%) 2008
15  Belarus 17.0 (0.0170%) 2015
16  Sri Lanka[19] (more info) 34.8 9.24 21.3 (0.0213%) 2011
17  Belgium[20][note 1][21][note 2] 17.0 (0.017%) 2009
18  Uruguay[22] 16.5 (0.0165%) 2012
19  Croatia[23] 16.3 (0.0163%) 2013
20  Sweden[24] 24.9 8.0 16.3 (0.0163%) 2013
21  Bhutan[25](more info) 16.2 (0.0162%) 2011
22  South Africa[26] 15.4 (0.0154%) 2005
23  Austria 23.8 7.1 15.45 (0.01545%) 2009
24  Taiwan[27] 20.5 9.7 15.1 (0.0151%) 2011
25  Estonia[28] 27.3 4.5 14.8 (0.0148%) 2010
26  France[28] (more info) 22.8 7.4 14.7 (0.0147%) 2010
27  Suriname 23.9 4.8 14.4 (0.0144%) 2005
28  Bosnia and Herzegovina[29] 13.3 (0.0133%) 2011
29  Czech Republic 12.8 (0.0128%) 2010
30  United States[30] 20.2 5.5 12.6 (0.0126%) 2013
31  Cuba 19.0 5.5 12.3 (0.0123%) 2008
32  Bulgaria 18.8 6.2 12.3 (0.0123%) 2008
33  Hong Kong[31] 16.2 8.8 12.3 (0.0123%) 2011
34  Germany[32] 18.9 6.4 12.5 (0.0125%) 2013
35  Denmark[33] 17.3 6.9 12.0 (0.0120%) 2012
36  Romania 20.8 3.7 11.9 (0.0119%) 2009
37  Norway 14.0 5.0 11.9 (0.0119%) 2012
38  United Kingdom[34] (more info) 18.2 5.1 11.8 (0.0118%) 2011
39  New Zealand[35] 17.0 6.4 11.5 (0.0115%) 2010
40  Canada[36] (more info) 16.9 5.3 11.5 (0.0115%) 2009
41  Finland[37] 16.6 6.2 11.3 (0.0113%) 2010
42  Iceland[38] 18.3 4.6 11.3 (0.0113%) 2009
43  Chile 18.2 4.2 11.2 (0.0112%) 2007
44   Switzerland[39] 17 5.8 11.2 (0.0112%) 2011
45  Netherlands[21] 16.0 6.0 11 (0.0011%) 2014
46  Trinidad and Tobago 17.9 3.8 10.7 (0.0107%) 2006
47  India (more info) 13.0 7.8 10.5 (0.0105%) 2009
48  Ireland[40] 17.4 3.4 10.3 (0.0103%) 2013
49  Singapore[41] 13.3 7.3 10.3 (0.0103%) 2012
50  Australia[42] 15.3 4.8 10.0 (0.01%) 2011
17  Serbia[43] 24.9 9.0 17.3 (0.0173%) 2011
51  Slovakia[21] 17.4 2.8 9.9 (0.0099%) 2011
51  Portugal[21][44] 15.5 4.1 9.6 (0.0096%) 2011
52  Kyrgyzstan 14.1 3.6 8.8 (0.0088%) 2009
54  Turkmenistan 13.8 3.5 8.6 (0.0086%) 1998
55  Republic of Macedonia[21] 12.6 3.9 8.0 (0.008%) 2009
56  El Salvador 12.9 3.6 8.0 (0.008%) 2008
57 China China[45](more info) 9.8 (0.0098%) 2014
58  Zimbabwe 10.6 5.2 7.9 (0.0079%) 1990
59  Luxembourg[21] 13.2 2.9 7.8 (0.0078%) 2008
60  Argentina 12.6 3.0 7.7 (0.0077%) 2008
61  Spain[46] 12.7 4.1 8.3 (0.0083%) 2013
62  Ecuador 10.5 3.6 7.1 (0.0071%) 2009
63  Mauritius 11.8 1.9 6.8 (0.0068%) 2008
64  Italy 10.0 2.8 6.3 (0.0063%) 2007
65  Costa Rica 10.2 1.9 6.1 (0.0061%) 2009
66  Thailand[47] 9.7 2.58 6.03 (0.0613%) 2013
67  Mongolia 8.6 3.1 5.85 (0.0058%) 2011
68  Israel[48] 9.9 2.1 5.8 (0.0058%) 2007
69  Nicaragua 9.0 2.6 5.8 (0.0058%) 2006
70  Panama 9.0 1.9 5.5 (0.0055%) 2008
71  Colombia 7.9 2.0 4.9 (0.0049%) 2007
72  Brazil 7.7 2.0 4.8 (0.0048%) 2008
73  Iran[49][50] 3.9 2.1 04.8 (0.0048%) 2013
74  Uzbekistan 7.0 2.3 4.7 (0.0047%) 2005
75  Cambodia 4.6 (0.0046%) 2008
76  Georgia 7.1 1.7 4.3 (0.0043%) 2009
77  Turkey[51] 4.19 (0.00419%) 2013
78  Albania[52] 4.7 3.3 4.0 (0.004%) 2003
79  Mexico 6.8 1.3 4.0 (0.004%) 2008
80  Honduras[53] 3.84 (0.00384%) 2011
81  Bahrain 4.0 3.5 3.8 (0.0038%) 2006
82  Belize 6.6 0.7 3.7 (0.0037%) 2008
83  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 5.4 1.9 3.7 (0.0037%) 2008
84  Paraguay 5.1 2.0 3.6 (0.0036%) 2008
85  Cyprus[21] 5.9 1.3 3.6 (0.0036%) 2009
86  Guatemala 5.6 1.7 3.6 (0.0036%) 2008
87  Barbados 7.3 0.0 3.5 (0.0035%) 2006
88  Greece 6.1 1.0 3.5 (0.0035%) 2009
89  Malta 5.9 1.0 3.4 (0.0034%) 2008
90  Venezuela 5.3 1.2 3.2 (0.0032%) 2007
91  Philippines[54] 4.5 1.0 2.75 (0.00275%) 2005
92  Tajikistan 2.9 2.3 2.6 (0.0026%) 2001
93  Saint Lucia 4.9 0.0 2.4 (0.0024%) 2005
94  Dominican Republic 3.9 0.7 2.3 (0.0023%) 2005
95  Armenia 2.8 1.1 1.9 (0.0019%) 2008
96  Kuwait 1.9 1.7 1.8 (0.0018%) 2009
97  The Bahamas 1.9 0.6 1.2 (0.0012%) 2005
98  Pakistan[55] 1.45 0.71 1.10 (0.0011%) 2012
99  Peru 1.1 0.6 0.9 (0.0009%) 2000
100  São Tomé and Príncipe 0.0 1.8 0.9 (0.0009%) 1987
101  Azerbaijan 1.0 0.3 0.6 (0.0006%) 2007
102  Maldives 0.7 0.0 0.3 (0.0003%) 2005
103  Jamaica 0.3 0.0 0.1 (0.0001%) 1990
104  Syria 0.2 0.0 0.1 (0.0001%) 1985
105  Jordan[56] 0.2 0.0 0.1 (0.0001%) 2008
106  Egypt 0.1 0.0 0.1 (0.0001%) 2009
107  Grenada 0.0 0.0 0.0 (0%) 2008
108  Saint Kitts and Nevis 0.0 0.0 0.0 (0%) 1995
109  Antigua and Barbuda 0.0 0.0 0.0 (0%) 1995
110  Haiti 0.0 0.0 0.0 (0%) 2003
111    Nepal 0.0 0.0 0.0 (0%) 2003

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Recently released figures by official Belgian authorities suggest a considerably higher rate of 17.0 persons (total) per 100,000 people per annum in 2009 (5,712 cases in a population of 10,749,000 (=10,666,866 as of 1 January 2008 increasing by 0,77% per annum.) as of 1 January 2009)."Toenemend aantal zelfdodingen in Belgie". 2011. 
  2. ^ The number of death in Belgium in 2008 due to suicide "zichzelf schade toebrengen" was reported at 2000 out of a total of 103.760 death. These death comprise 1453 men and 547 women. This puts the suicide rate at about 19 per 100.000. See statbel: http://statbel.fgov.be/nl/binaries/NL%20-%20Tableau%201%2E3_T_2008_tcm325-168456.pdf
  • The updated figure of suicide rates in Belgium for 2011 is 2,084 on a total population of 10,933,607, equivalent to 18.96 per 100,000 inhabitants (source: Het Nieuwsblad, 10 April 2014).

References[edit]

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  41. ^ Samaritians of Singapore. "Suicide Statistics in Singapore" (PDF). 
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  47. ^ "Suicide Rates: Thailand". 
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  49. ^ "Iranian Legal Medicine Organization". 2013.  www.lmo.ir
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  55. ^ Based on a population of 180.4 million in 2012 (Population Reference Bureau), a sex ratio of 1.06 males/female (CIA World Factbook, 2013) and figures from 'State of Human Rights in 2012' by the Human Rights Commission of Pakistan: 1,976 persons committed suicide in 2012 across the country of which 626 were women.
  56. ^ http://www.who.int/mental_health/media/jord.pdf

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