List of country subdivisions by population

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This is a list of the most populous first-level administrative country subdivisions in the world, in order of population; most estimates are from 2004, some from 2008. Excluded are regions defined for convenience, that do not have their own single government: e.g. Northeast USA, Kanto region, CALABARZON. Those subdivisions which are the largest in their respective countries are shown in bold. Countries which have a high proportion of their population enumerated in the largest sub-division include the Kingdom of the Netherlands (98.3% in the Netherlands), the United Kingdom (80.3% in England) and Pakistan (53.7% in Punjab).

First Level List[edit]

Subdivision Type Sovereign state Population Area km² Density per km² Ref Comparable Country[1]
India Uttar Pradesh State India 200,581,477 240,928 828  Brazil
India Maharashtra State India 112,372,972 307,713 365  Mexico
China Guangdong Province China 104,303,132 177,900 618 [2]  Philippines
India Bihar State India 103,804,637 94,163 1,102  Philippines
Pakistan Punjab Province Pakistan 101,000,000 205,344 490  Philippines
China Shandong Province China 95,793,065 156,700 598 [2]  Ethiopia
China Henan Province China 94,023,567 167,000 560 [2]  Ethiopia
India West Bengal State India 91,347,736 88,752 1,029  Vietnam
China Sichuan Province China 80,418,200 485,000 181 [2]  Turkey
China Jiangsu Province China 78,659,903 102,600 743 [2]  Iran
India Madhya Pradesh State India 72,597,565 308,245 236  Democratic Republic of the Congo
India Tamil Nadu State India 72,138,958 130,058 555  Democratic Republic of the Congo
China Hebei Province China 71,854,202 187,700 370 [2]  Democratic Republic of the Congo
India Rajasthan State India 68,621,012 342,239 201  Thailand
China Hunan Province China 65,683,722 211,800 323 [2]  France
India Karnataka State India 61,130,704 191,791 319  United Kingdom
India Gujarat State India 60,383,628 196,024 308  Italy
China Anhui Province China 59,500,510 139,400 498 [2]  Italy
China Hubei Province China 57,237,740 185,900 332 [2]  Italy
China Zhejiang Province China 54,426,891 101,800 509 [2]  Burma
United Kingdom England Constituent country United Kingdom 51,446,600 130,395 395  South Korea
India Andhra Pradesh State India 49,665,533 160,205 310  South Korea
Bangladesh Dhaka Division Bangladesh 46,729,000 31,120 1,502 [3]  Spain
China Guangxi Autonomous region China 46,026,629 236,700 211 [2]  Spain
China Yunnan Province China 45,966,239 394,100 107 [2]  Colombia
China Jiangxi Province China 44,567,475 166,900 257 [2]  Ukraine
China Liaoning Province China 43,746,323 145,900 295 [2]  Kenya
Brazil São Paulo State Brazil 43,663,672 248,209 166 [4]  Argentina
Indonesia West Java Province Indonesia 43,021,826 34,816 1,236 [5]  Argentina
India Odisha State India 41,947,358 155,820 269  Argentina
China Heilongjiang Province China 38,312,224 460,000 83 [2]  Poland
Indonesia East Java Province Indonesia 37,476,011 47,922 782 [5]  Algeria
China Shaanxi Province China 37,327,378 205,800 180 [2]  Algeria
United States California State United States 37,253,956 423,970 88 [6]  Algeria
China Fujian Province China 36,894,216 121,400 283 [2]  Algeria
China Shanxi Province China 35,712,111 156,800 214 [2]  Sudan
India Telangana State India 35,193,978 114,840 307  Sudan
Pakistan Sindh Province Pakistan 34,968,800 140,914 248  Sudan
China Guizhou Province China 34,746,468 176,100 214 [2]  Uganda
India Kerala State India 33,387,677 38,863 859  Canada
India Jharkhand State India 32,966,238 74,677 414  Morocco
Indonesia Central Java Province Indonesia 32,380,687 32,548 995 [5]  Morocco
India Assam State India 31,169,272 78,550 397  Iraq
China Chongqing Province-level municipality China 28,846,170 82,300 393 [2]  Malaysia
Bangladesh Chittagong Division Bangladesh 28,079,000 33,771 831 [3]  Venezuela
India Punjab State India 27,704,236 50,362 550  Venezuela
China Jilin Province China 27,462,297 187,400 146 [2]  Venezuela
Ethiopia Oromia Region Ethiopia 27,158,471 353,632 77  Venezuela
China Gansu Province China 25,575,254 454,000 58 [2]  Yemen
India Chhattisgarh State India 25,540,196 135,194 189  Yemen
India Haryana State India 25,353,081 44,212 573  Yemen
United States Texas State United States 25,145,561 696,241 36 [6]  Ghana
China Inner Mongolia Autonomous region China 24,706,321 1,183,000 21 [2]  North Korea
Ethiopia Amhara Region Ethiopia 24,000,200 156,960 153  Mozambique
China Shanghai Province-level municipality China 23,019,148 7,037 2,730 [2]  Taiwan
China Xinjiang Autonomous region China 21,813,334 1,660,001 13 [2]  Romania
Brazil Minas Gerais State Brazil 20,593,366 586,528 33 [4]  Cameroon
Pakistan Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province Pakistan 20,468,700 34,084 601  Cameroon
China Beijing Province-level municipality China 19,612,368 16,801 1,309 [2]  Cameroon
United States New York State United States 19,378,102 141,299 137 [6]  Angola
United States Florida State United States 18,801,310 170,304 110 [6]  Angola
Bangladesh Rajshahi Division Bangladesh 18,329,000 18,197 1,007 [3]  Burkina Faso
Germany North Rhine-Westphalia State Germany 17,872,863 34,084 524  Burkina Faso
Nigeria Lagos State Nigeria 17,552,942 3,475 2,994 [7]  Kazakhstan
India Delhi National Capital Region India 16,753,235 1,483 11,297  Kingdom of the Netherlands
Netherlands Netherlands Constituent country Kingdom of the Netherlands 16,748,205 41,854 396  Kingdom of the Netherlands
Brazil Rio de Janeiro State Brazil 16,369,178 43,696 366 [4]  Mali
Bangladesh Rangpur Division Bangladesh 15,665,000 16,317 960 [3]  Ecuador
Argentina Buenos Aires Province Argentina 15,594,428 307,571 51 [8]  Ecuador
Bangladesh Khulna Division Bangladesh 15,563,000 22,272 699 [3]  Ecuador
Mexico México State Mexico 15,174,272 21,355 711 [9]  Cambodia
Brazil Bahia State Brazil 15,044,127 564,692 25 [4]  Zambia
Ethiopia SNNPR Region Ethiopia 15,042,531 112,343 134  Cambodia
Iran Tehran Province Iran 14,795,116 18,814 786  Cambodia
Nigeria Kano State Nigeria 13,381,682 20,131 665  Senegal
Canada Ontario Province Canada 13,210,600 1,076,395 12  Zimbabwe
Japan Tokyo Prefecture Japan 13,010,279 2,187 5,949  Zimbabwe
Indonesia North Sumatra Province Indonesia 12,985,075 71,680 181 [5]  Zimbabwe
China Tianjin Province-level municipality China 12,938,224 11,760 1,044 [2]  Zimbabwe
Turkey Istanbul Province Turkey 12,915,158 5,196 2,486  Zimbabwe
United States Illinois State United States 12,830,632 140,998 91 [6]  Zimbabwe
United States Pennsylvania State United States 12,702,379 119,283 106 [6]  Zimbabwe
India Jammu and Kashmir State India 12,548,926 222,236 56  Rwanda
Germany Bavaria State Germany 12,510,331 70,549 177  Rwanda
South Africa Gauteng Province South Africa 12,728,400 16,548 632 [10][11]  Bolivia
France Île-de-France Region France 11,694,000 12,012 974  Chad
South Korea Gyeonggi Province South Korea 11,571,684 10,131 1,142  Chad
Philippines Metro Manila Province Philippines 11,553,427 639 18,641.5  Chad
United States Ohio State United States 11,536,504 116,096 99 [6]  Chad
Russia Moscow Federal city Russia 11,503,501 1,081 9,772  Chad
Brazil Rio Grande do Sul State Brazil 11,164,050 281,748 38 [4]  Belgium
Brazil Paraná State Brazil 10,997,462 199,315 52 [4]  Belgium
Germany Baden-Württemberg State Germany 10,747,479 35,752 301  Greece
Indonesia Banten Province Indonesia 10,644,030 9,161 1,162 [5]  Greece
South Africa KwaZulu-Natal Province South Africa 10,456,900 94,361 109 [10][11]  Somalia
South Korea Seoul Special city South Korea 10,208,302 605 16,873  Dominican Republic
Indonesia Jakarta Special Capital Territory Indonesia 10,187,595 740.28 15,342  Czech Republic
India Uttarakhand State India 10,116,752 53,483 189  Czech Republic
Kenya Rift Valley Province Kenya 10,006,805 182,413 55  Hungary
Italy Lombardy Region Italy 10,006,710 23,861 414  Hungary
United States Michigan State United States 9,883,640 253,793 39 [6]  Haiti
Bangladesh Sylhet Division Bangladesh 9,807,000 12,596 779 [3]  Benin
United States Georgia State United States 9,687,653 153,909 65.4 [6]  Belarus
Nepal Central Development Regions Nepal 9,656,985 27,410 76.5  Azerbaijan
United States North Carolina State United States 9,535,483 139,390 76.5  Azerbaijan
Iraq Baghdad Governorates Iraq 9,656,985 1,759 76.5  Sweden
Brazil Pernambuco State Brazil 9,208,511 98,311.616 89  Sweden
Democratic Republic of the Congo Kinshasa Province-level municipality Democratic Republic of the Congo 9,046,000 9,965 910  Sweden
Japan Kanagawa Prefecture Japan 9,029,996 2,415.84 3,740  Sweden
Japan Osaka Prefecture Japan 8,864,228 1,899.28 4,700  Sweden
Mexico Mexico City Federal district Mexico 8,859,244 1,485 6,000  Honduras
United States New Jersey State United States 8,791,894 22,608 459  Honduras
Brazil Ceará State Brazil 8.778.575 146,348.3 58  Honduras
China Hainan Province China 8,671,518 33,920 254.7  Honduras
Spain Andalusia Autonomous community Spain 8,424,102 87,268 97  Honduras
Democratic Republic of the Congo Orientale Province Democratic Republic of the Congo 8,197,975 503,239 16  Austria
Bangladesh Barisal District Bangladesh 8,147,000 13,644.85 600  Austria
Democratic Republic of the Congo Bandundu Province Democratic Republic of the Congo 8,062,463 295,658 27  Austria
United States Virginia State United States 8,001,024 110,785.67 79  Austria
Indonesia South Sulawesi Province Indonesia 8,032,551 46,717.48 170  Austria
Brazil Pará State Brazil 7.969.655 1,247,689.5 6.1  Israel
Pakistan Balochistan Province Pakistan 7,914,000 347,190 22.8  Tajikistan
Germany Lower Saxony State Germany 7,913,502 47,624.22 170  Tajikistan
Canada Quebec Province Canada 7,903,001 1,542,056 5.79  Tajikistan
Egypt Cairo Governorate Egypt 7,786,640 453 17,000  Israel
Mexico Veracruz State Mexico 7,643,194 71,820 99.2  Israel
Burma Mandalay Region Burma (Myanmar) 7,627,000 37,021.29 210  Israel
Peru Lima Province Peru 7,605,742 2,672.28 2,800  Israel
Indonesia Lampung Province Indonesia 7,596,115 34,623.80 220  Israel
Colombia Bogotá Capital district Colombia 7,571,345 1,775.98 4,146  Israel
Spain Catalonia Autonomous community Spain 7,565,603 32,114 240  Israel
Democratic Republic of the Congo Équateur Province Democratic Republic of the Congo 7,501,902 403,292 19  Israel
Indonesia South Sumatra Province Indonesia 7,446,401 91,592.43 81  Israel
Japan Aichi Prefecture Japan 7,408,640 5,153.81 1,437.51  Israel
Vietnam Ho Chi Minh Province-level municipality Vietnam 7,396,446 2,095 3,531  Serbia
Mexico Jalisco State Mexico 7,350,682 80,386 84  Serbia
Australia New South Wales State Australia 7,303,700 809,444 9.12  Serbia
Japan Saitama Prefecture Japan 7,190,817 3,797 1,893.82  Papua New Guinea
China Hong Kong Special administrative region China 7,182,724 1,104 6,480  Papua New Guinea
Russia Moscow Oblast Russia 7,095,120 1,081 9,772  Papua New Guinea
Egypt Giza Governorate Egypt 6,979,000 85,153 82  Papua New Guinea
Saudi Arabia Makkah Regions Saudi Arabia 6,915,006 153,128 37  Papua New Guinea
United States Washington State United States 6,897,012 71,362 103  Papua New Guinea
India Himachal Pradesh State India 6,856,509 55,673 123  Papua New Guinea
Brazil Maranhão State Brazil 6,794,298 331,983 20  Paraguay
Saudi Arabia Riyadh Regions Saudi Arabia 6,777,146 404,240 17  Paraguay
Chile Santiago Regions Chile 6,685,685 15,403.2 430  Jordan
United States Massachusetts State United States 6,646,144 10,555 840  Jordan
Brazil Santa Catarina State Brazil 6,634,250 95,346 70  Jordan
South Africa Eastern Cape Province South Africa 6,620,100 168,966 39  Jordan

Historic First Level Subdivisions[edit]

Some large former first level subdivisions with former populations (split off areas):

Second Level List[edit]

Second level divisions are those under first level (states and provinces), typically they are counties or districts but the names vary by country.

Subdivision Type Sovereign state First Order Population Area km² Density per km² Ref Comparable Country[1]
China Chengdu Prefecture-level city China Sichuan 14,047,625 12,390 1,133  Zimbabwe
China Guangzhou Prefecture-level city China Guangdong 12,700,800 7,434 1,708  South Sudan
Bangladesh Dhaka District District Bangladesh Dhaka Division 12,043,977 1,193 10,095 [14]  South Sudan
Brazil São Paulo Municipality Brazil São Paulo 11,316,149 1,522 7,216  Belgium
China Baoding Prefecture-level city China Hebei 11,194,379 22,190 504  Belgium
India Thane District District India Maharashtra 11,054,131 9,558 1,157 [15]  Belgium
China Harbin Prefecture-level city China Heilongjiang 10,635,971 53,068 200  Rwanda
China Suzhou Prefecture-level city China Jiangsu 10,465,994 8,488 1,233  Portugal
China Shenzhen Prefecture-level city China Guangdong 10,357,938 2,050 5,052  Bolivia
China Nanyang Prefecture-level city China Henan 10,263,006 26,600 385  Bolivia
China Shijiazhuang Prefecture-level city China Hebei 10,163,788 15,848 641  Bolivia
India North 24 Parganas district District India West Bengal 10,082,852 4,094 2,500 [16]  Bolivia
China Linyi Prefecture-level city China Shandong 10,039,400 17,251 581  Bolivia
United States Los Angeles County County United States California 10,017,068 12,310 813  Bolivia

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "CIA World Factbook 2010". 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa Communiqué of the National Bureau of Statistics of People's Republic of China on Major Figures of the 2010 Population Census.
  3. ^ a b c d e f "2011 Population & Housing Census: Preliminary Results". Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 12 January 2012. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f Instituto Brasileiro de Estaística e Geografia (IBGE), 2010 Brazilian revised census results.
  5. ^ a b c d e 2010 Official 2010 Indonesia census results.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i United States Census Bureau, 2010 census results by state.
  7. ^ "Lagos State Social Security Exercise and Population Figure 2006.". Retrieved 5 October 2014. 
  8. ^ Instituto Nacional de Estadísticas y Censos (INDEC), provisional 2010 Argentinian census results.
  9. ^ Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática (INEGI), 2010 Mexican census results.
  10. ^ a b "Community Survey 2007 basic results". Statistics South Africa. Retrieved 14 January 2011. 
  11. ^ a b Stats in brief, 2007. Pretoria: Statistics South Africa. 2007. p. 3. ISBN 978-0-621-37258-8. Retrieved 14 January 2011. 
  12. ^ "National Statistics Agency Tables:4-3 Total Population and Birth Rate, Death Rate and Natural Growth Rate by Region (1997)". Retrieved 5 October 2014. 
  13. ^ "Citypopulation.de:Indonesia". Retrieved 5 October 2014. 
  14. ^ "Dhaka (District (Zila), Bangladesh) - population statistics, map and location". Retrieved 5 October 2014. 
  15. ^ "Maharashtra (India): Districts, Cities, Towns and Outgrowth Wards - population statistics and maps". Retrieved 5 October 2014. 
  16. ^ "West Bengal (India): Districts, Cities, Towns and Outgrowth Wards - population statistics and maps". Retrieved 5 October 2014. 

External links[edit]