List of coups d'état and coup attempts

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General Napoleon during the coup d'état of 18 Brumaire in Saint-Cloud, detail of painting by François Bouchot, 1840

This is a chronological list of coups d'état and coup attempts, from ancient times to the present.

BC[edit]

1–999 AD[edit]

Nero was the target of many plots. Here a plaster bust conserved at the Pushkin Museum, Moscow.
As-Saffah is proclaimed the caliph, from Balami's Tarikhnama.

1000–1699[edit]

General Yi Seong-gye, later crowned Taejo of Joseon.

1700–1799[edit]

1800–1899[edit]

Benito Juárez, after whom Benito Mussolini was named, took part himself in a coup.

1900–1909[edit]

1903[edit]

1908[edit]

1909[edit]

1910–1919[edit]

1910[edit]

1913[edit]

Citizens throng around The Citadel (La ciudadela) building during La decena tragica in 1913.

1916[edit]

  • While touring the city of Harar, Lij Iyasu V was deposed by a cabal of aristocrats in favor of his aunt Zewditu I. Forces loyal to him are defeated at Segale, and Lij Iyasu wanders northwestern Ethiopia with a small band of loyal followers until captured five years later.

1917[edit]

  • In Costa Rica, President Alfredo González Flores was overthrown in a coup d'état led by General José Federico Alberto de Jesús Tinoco Granados and established a repressive military dictatorship.
  • In Russia, August 1917, the Russian Commander-in-Chief General Kornilov attempted a Putsch, which was rapidly defeated.

1919[edit]

1920–1929[edit]

Defendants in the Beer Hall Putsch trial. Ludendorff is fifth from the left, with Hitler to the right. Ernst Röhm is to the right and in front of Hitler. Note that only two of the defendants, Hitler and Frick, were dressed in civilian clothing.

1920[edit]

1921[edit]

1922[edit]

Benito Mussolini and Fascist Blackshirts during the March on Rome in 1922. Mussolini stayed out of most of the march.

1923[edit]

1924[edit]

1925[edit]

1926[edit]

Józef Piłsudski and other leaders of the May Coup (1926) on Poniatowski Bridge in Warsaw.

1928[edit]

1929[edit]

1930–1939[edit]

1930[edit]

1932[edit]

March in support of the proclamation of the Socialist Republic of Chile, in front of La Moneda Palace (June 12, 1932).

1933[edit]

1934[edit]

1935[edit]

1936[edit]

1st Lt. Niu Yoshitada and his rebel troops in the February 26th Incident of 1936.

1937[edit]

  • Brazilian president Getúlio Vargas, governing democratically since 1934, launches a self-coup and becomes the Dictator of Brazilian Estado Novo ("New State").

1938[edit]

  • Vargas forces detected the attempted Integralista coup in Brazil. Vargas and guards shoot it out with insurgents at the Guanabara Palace.

1939[edit]

1940–1949[edit]

1940[edit]

1941[edit]

1942[edit]

  • French resistance coup in Algiers, by which 400 Civil French patriots neutralized Vichyst XIXth Army Corps in Algiers during 15 hours, arrested vichyst generals (Juin, Darlan, etc.), and so allowed the immediate success of Operation Torch.

1943[edit]

1944[edit]

The conference room where Hitler survived the 20 July plot of 1944 after the explosion.

1945[edit]

1947[edit]

1948[edit]

1949[edit]

1950–1959[edit]

1951[edit]

1952[edit]

1953[edit]

1954[edit]

1955[edit]

1956[edit]

1957[edit]

1958[edit]

1959[edit]

  • Air Force military hijack a civil airplane and attempt a coup against Juscelino Kubitschek, in Brazil.

1960–1969[edit]

1960[edit]

1961[edit]

1962[edit]

1963[edit]

1964[edit]

1965[edit]

1966[edit]

1967[edit]

1968[edit]

1969[edit]

1970–1979[edit]

1970[edit]

1971[edit]

1972[edit]

1973[edit]

1974[edit]

1975[edit]

1976[edit]

1977[edit]

  • Military coup in Pakistan. Army Chief Gen. Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq overthrows the civilian government and hangs Prime Minister Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto in 1979 after a sham trial.
  • 21 Failed coup is occurred during the time of General Ziaur Rahman in Bangladesh. General Ziaur Rahman killed 2500 soldiers and officer (Army, Air Force, Navy) for these failed coups.

1978[edit]

1979[edit]

1980–1989[edit]

1980[edit]

1981[edit]

1982[edit]

1983[edit]

1984[edit]

1985[edit]

1986[edit]

1987[edit]

1988[edit]

1989[edit]

1990–1999[edit]

1990[edit]

1991[edit]

1992[edit]

1993[edit]

1994[edit]

1995[edit]

1996[edit]

1997[edit]

  • Military-backed indirect coup in Turkey. It was named a "postmodern coup" by one of the top-ranking generals. Although the parliament was not dissolved, the military pressure resulted in the Prime Minister's resignation.

1998[edit]

  • In Albania, the funeral of Azem Hajdari turns violent as the Prime Minister's Office is attacked, obliging Fatos Nano to hastily flee and step down shortly after. His party remains in power.

1999[edit]

2000–2009[edit]

2000[edit]

2002[edit]

2003[edit]

2004[edit]

2005[edit]

2006[edit]

Tanks in Bangkok's street in 2006

2007[edit]

2008[edit]

2009[edit]

2010–present[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Birth of the Roman Republic". UNRV History. Retrieved 2008-10-02. 
  2. ^ "100-50 BC". History Central. Retrieved 2008-10-02. 
  3. ^ "50-0 BC". History Central. Retrieved 2008-10-02. 
  4. ^ Bingham, Woodbridge (1950). "Li Shih-min's coup in A. D. 626. I: The climax of princely rivalry". Journal of the American Oriental Society 70 (2). 
  5. ^ "History of the Plot". The Gunpowder Plot Society. Retrieved 2008-10-02. 
  6. ^ New York Times Special Report: Secret History of the CIA in Iran, http://www.nytimes.com/library/world/mideast/041600iran-cia-index.html
  7. ^ Cullather, Nick (1999). Secret History: The CIA's classified account of its operations in Guatemala, 1952–1954. Stanford University Press. ISBN 0-8047-3311-2. 
  8. ^ DePalma, Anthony (2008-03-06). "Ramón Barquín, Cuban Colonel, Dies at 93". New York Times. Retrieved 2008-03-31. 
  9. ^ Sullivan, Patricia (2008-03-06). "Ramón M. Barquín, 93; Led Failed '56 Coup in Cuba". Washington Post. Retrieved 2008-03-31. 
  10. ^ Szulc, pg. 78
  11. ^ Szulc, pg. 81
  12. ^ Szulc, pgs. 80-81
  13. ^ The Middle East and North Africa, 2004. Regional surveys of the world (50th ed.). London: Europa. 2004. ISBN 1-85743-184-7. 
  14. ^ Szulc, pg. 75
  15. ^ Szulc, pgs. 82-83
  16. ^ Falcoff, Mark, Kissinger and Chile, Commentary, 2003.
  17. ^ Nina J. Fitzgerald, Somalia: issues, history, and bibliography, (Nova Publishers: 2002), p.25.
  18. ^ http://educ.ar/educar/site/educar/Alzamientos%20militares%20despu%E9s%20de%201983.html?uri=urn:kbee:38e173e0-0ae9-11dd-888e-00163e000043&page-uri=urn:kbee:ff9221c0-13a9-11dc-b8c4-0013d43e5fae
  19. ^ Association of Former Intelligence Officers (19 May 2003), US Coup Plotting in Iraq, Weekly Intelligence Notes 19-03 
  20. ^ "Second South Pacific Coup". The Guardian. 2 June 2000. Retrieved 23 March 2012. 
  21. ^ "Coup In Honduras: Army Expels President". CBS/AP. June 29, 2009. Retrieved Oct 7, 2010. 
  22. ^ "General Assembly condemns coup in Honduras". UN News. 30 June 2009. Retrieved 7 Oct 2010. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Szulc, Tad (1965). "Latin America", The New York Times Company, Library of Congress 65-27528