List of craters on Ganymede

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Ganymede is the largest moon in the solar system, and thus has many craters covering its hard surface. Here is a list of Ganymedean craters that have been given names. Most are named after figures from Egyptian, Mesopotamian, and other ancient Middle Eastern myths.

List of craters on Ganymede[edit]

Crater Coordinates Diameter Year named Named after
Achelous 61°48′N 11°42′W / 61.8°N 11.7°W / 61.8; -11.7 (Achelous) 40.0 1979 Achelous, Greek river god; father of Callirrhoe, Ganymede's mother.
Adad 57°30′N 358°06′W / 57.5°N 358.1°W / 57.5; -358.1 (Adad) 39.0 1979 Adad, Assyro-Babylonian god of thunder.
Adapa 73°06′N 31°18′W / 73.1°N 31.3°W / 73.1; -31.3 (Adapa) 56.0 1979 Adapa, Assyro-Babylonian; lost immortality when, at Ea's advice, he refused food of life.
Agreus 15°54′N 232°42′W / 15.9°N 232.7°W / 15.9; -232.7 (Agreus) 63.0 1985 Agreus, Hunter god in Tyre.
Agrotes 60°54′N 192°30′W / 60.9°N 192.5°W / 60.9; -192.5 (Agrotes) 74.0 1985 Agrotes, Tyre; greatest god of Gebal; farmer god.
Aleyin 15°06′N 134°06′W / 15.1°N 134.1°W / 15.1; -134.1 (Aleyin) 12.4 1997 Aleyin, Son of Ba'al, spirit of springs.
Ammura 31°42′N 342°24′W / 31.7°N 342.4°W / 31.7; -342.4 (Ammura) 61.5 1979 Ammura, Phoenician; god of the west.
Amon 33°42′N 220°42′W / 33.7°N 220.7°W / 33.7; -220.7 (Amon) 101.8 1985 Amon, Theban king of gods.
Amset 14°24′S 178°48′W / 14.4°S 178.8°W / -14.4; -178.8 (Amset) 10.9 1997 Amset, One of the four gods of the dead, son of Horus.
Anat 4°06′S 127°54′W / 4.1°S 127.9°W / -4.1; -127.9 (Anat) 2.9 1985 Anat, Assyro-Babylonian goddess of dew. Note: Defines 128 degrees longitude on Ganymede.
Andjeti 52°48′S 161°06′W / 52.8°S 161.1°W / -52.8; -161.1 (Andjeti) 52.5 1985 Andjeti, Egyptian; first god of Busirus.
Anhur 32°36′N 192°18′W / 32.6°N 192.3°W / 32.6; -192.3 (Anhur) 25.0 1997 Anhur, Egyptian warrior god.
Antum 5°06′N 218°54′W / 5.1°N 218.9°W / 5.1; -218.9 (Antum) 14.7 1985 Antum, Babylonian; wife of Anu.
Anu 65°12′N 344°18′W / 65.2°N 344.3°W / 65.2; -344.3 (Anu) 55.0 1979 Anu, Sumerian-Akkadian god of power, of heavens.
Anubis 84°12′S 128°54′W / 84.2°S 128.9°W / -84.2; -128.9 (Anubis) 113.8 1988 Anubis, Egyptian jackal-headed god who opened the underworld to the dead.
Anzu 63°30′N 62°30′W / 63.5°N 62.5°W / 63.5; -62.5 (Anzu) 205.0 2000 Anzu, Gigantic lion-headed bird-like figure, the Sumerian Thunderbird.
Apophis 8°00′S 276°00′W / 8.0°S 276.0°W / -8.0; -276.0 (Apophis) 65.0 2000 Apophis, Egyptian gigantic serpent symbolizing chaos or nonexistence.
Ashîma 39°06′S 123°00′W / 39.1°S 123.0°W / -39.1; -123.0 (Ashîma) 84.2 1985 Ashîm, Semitic-Arab god of fate.
Asshur 54°12′N 333°30′W / 54.2°N 333.5°W / 54.2; -333.5 (Asshur) 25.6 1979 Asshur, Assyro-Babylonian warrior god.
Atra-hasis 22°30′N 254°12′W / 22.5°N 254.2°W / 22.5; -254.2 (Atra-hasis) 125.0 2000 Atra-hasis, Exceedingly wise' hero of Akkadian myth, survived the great flood.
Aya 68°18′N 322°12′W / 68.3°N 322.2°W / 68.3; -322.2 (Aya) 38.0 1979 Aya, Assyro-Babylonian; wife of Shamash.
Ba'al 24°54′N 329°54′W / 24.9°N 329.9°W / 24.9; -329.9 (Ba'al) 43.2 1979 Ba'al, Phoenician; Canaanite god.
Bau 23°00′N 48°42′W / 23.0°N 48.7°W / 23.0; -48.7 (Bau) 80.2 1988 Bau, Goddess who breathed into men the breath of life; daughter of Anu and patroness of Lagash.
Bes 25°30′S 180°54′W / 25.5°S 180.9°W / -25.5; -180.9 (Bes) 61.0 1985 Bes, Egyptian god of marriage.
Chrysor 15°18′N 134°18′W / 15.3°N 134.3°W / 15.3; -134.3 (Chrysor) 6.9 1997 Chrysor, Phoenician god; inventor of bait, fishing hooks and line, first to sail.
Cisti 31°42′S 64°12′W / 31.7°S 64.2°W / -31.7; -64.2 (Cisti) 69.6 1997 Cisti, Iranian healing god.
Damkina 30°00′S 5°00′W / 30.0°S 5.0°W / -30.0; -5.0 (Damkina) 180.0 2006 Damkina, Babylonian sky and health deity, queen of the gods, and mother of Marduk in some accounts.
Danel 4°18′S 21°18′W / 4.3°S 21.3°W / -4.3; -21.3 (Danel) 55.2 1979 Danel, Phoenician; mythical hero versed in art of divination.
Dendera 1°12′S 255°24′W / 1.2°S 255.4°W / -1.2; -255.4 (Dendera) 82.2 2000 Dendera, Town where Hathor was chief goddess. (Name changed from Dendera Facula.)
Diment 23°06′N 351°48′W / 23.1°N 351.8°W / 23.1; -351.8 (Diment) 40.4 1979 Diment, Egyptian goddess of the dwelling place of the dead.
Ea 17°42′N 148°42′W / 17.7°N 148.7°W / 17.7; -148.7 (Ea) 19.1 1997 Ea, Assyro-Babylonian god of water, wisdom, and the earth.
El 1°00′N 151°24′W / 1.0°N 151.4°W / 1.0; -151.4 (El) 54.3 1997 El, "Father of Men", existed before the birth of gods.
Enkidu 11°36′N 168°24′W / 11.6°N 168.4°W / 11.6; -168.4 (Enkidu) 5.0 1997 Enkidu, Friend of Gilgamesh.
Enlil 26°36′S 325°12′W / 26.6°S 325.2°W / -26.6; -325.2 (Enlil) 121.1 1982 Enlil, Assyro-Babylonian; nature god of the air, hurricanes, and nature.
En-zu 55°18′N 312°12′W / 55.3°N 312.2°W / 55.3; -312.2 (En-zu) 34.4 1979 Enzu, Babylonian moon god.
Epigeus 23°24′N 180°36′W / 23.4°N 180.6°W / 23.4; -180.6 (Epigeus) 343.0 1997 Epigeus, Phoenician god.
Erichthonius 15°18′S 175°18′W / 15.3°S 175.3°W / -15.3; -175.3 (Erichthonius) 30.5 1997 Erichthonius, Possible father of Ganymede.
Eshmun 17°24′S 192°06′W / 17.4°S 192.1°W / -17.4; -192.1 (Eshmun) 96.5 1979 Eshmun, Phoenician; divinity of Sidon.
Etana 74°42′N 340°30′W / 74.7°N 340.5°W / 74.7; -340.5 (Etana) 44.5 1979 Etana, Assyro-Babylonian; asked the eagle for an herb to give him an heir.
Gad 13°36′S 137°36′W / 13.6°S 137.6°W / -13.6; -137.6 (Gad) 72.1 1985 Gad, Semitic god of fate or good fortune.
Geb 56°18′N 182°36′W / 56.3°N 182.6°W / 56.3; -182.6 (Geb) 60.0 1985 Geb, Heliopolis Earth god.
Geinos 18°36′N 219°24′W / 18.6°N 219.4°W / 18.6; -219.4 (Geinos) 58.0 1985 Geinos, Tyre; god of brick making.
Gilgamesh 62°48′S 125°00′W / 62.8°S 125.0°W / -62.8; -125.0 (Gilgamesh) 153.0 1979 Gilgamesh, Assyro-Babylonian; sought immortality after Enkidu died.
Gir 34°00′N 145°42′W / 34.0°N 145.7°W / 34.0; -145.7 (Gir) 73.2 1985 Gir, Sumerian god of summer heat.
Gula 64°06′N 12°18′W / 64.1°N 12.3°W / 64.1; -12.3 (Gula) 38.0 1979 Gula, Assyro-Babylonian; health god.
Halieus 34°18′N 167°06′W / 34.3°N 167.1°W / 34.3; -167.1 (Halieus) 91.6 1985 Halieus, Tyre; fisherman god.
Hapi 30°36′S 212°36′W / 30.6°S 212.6°W / -30.6; -212.6 (Hapi) 98.5 1988 Hapi, Egyptian god of the Nile.
Harakhtes 35°54′N 100°12′W / 35.9°N 100.2°W / 35.9; -100.2 (Harakhtes) 108.0 2000 Harakhtes, "Horus of the Two Horizons", form of Egyptian god Horus who represents the path of the sun.
Haroeris 28°30′N 296°48′W / 28.5°N 296.8°W / 28.5; -296.8 (Haroeris) 70.0 2000 Haroeris, Egyptian sky god whose eyes are the sun and the moon, a form of Horus.
Hathor 66°54′S 268°36′W / 66.9°S 268.6°W / -66.9; -268.6 (Hathor) 173.0 1979 Hathor, Egyptian goddess of joy and love.
Hay-tau 14°30′N 133°06′W / 14.5°N 133.1°W / 14.5; -133.1 (Hay-tau) 26.9 1997 Hay-tau, Nega god, spirit of forest vegetation.
Hedetet 33°00′S 251°06′W / 33.0°S 251.1°W / -33.0; -251.1 (Hedetet) 102.3 2000 Hedetet, Egyptian scorpion goddess.
Hershef 47°18′N 269°30′W / 47.3°N 269.5°W / 47.3; -269.5 (Hershef) 117.9 2000 Hershef, Egyptian ram-headed god.
Humbaba 55°12′S 67°18′W / 55.2°S 67.3°W / -55.2; -67.3 (Humbaba) 35.0 2000 Humbaba, Babylonian terrifying guardian of the cedar forests.
Ilah 21°54′N 160°36′W / 21.9°N 160.6°W / 21.9; -160.6 (Ilah) 79.6 1985 Ilah, First Sumerian sky god.
Ilus 13°24′S 110°18′W / 13.4°S 110.3°W / -13.4; -110.3 (Ilus) 90.0 1985 Ilus, Ganymede's brother.
Irkalla 32°36′S 114°42′W / 32.6°S 114.7°W / -32.6; -114.7 (Irkalla) 116.2 1985 Irkalla, Sumerian goddess of underworld, seen by Enkidu in a dream.
Ishkur 0°18′N 8°24′W / 0.3°N 8.4°W / 0.3; -8.4 (Ishkur) 67.6 1985 Ishkur, Sumerian god of rain.
Isimu 8°24′N 2°00′W / 8.4°N 2°W / 8.4; -2 (Isimu) 89.5 1985 Isimu, Sumerian god of vegetation.
Isis 67°18′S 201°06′W / 67.3°S 201.1°W / -67.3; -201.1 (Isis) 75.3 1979 Isis, Egyptian goddess; wife of Osiris.
Kadi 47°42′N 178°30′W / 47.7°N 178.5°W / 47.7; -178.5 (Kadi) 86.7 1985 Kadi, Babylonian goddess of justice.
Keret 16°00′N 35°12′W / 16.0°N 35.2°W / 16.0; -35.2 (Keret) 36.0 1979 Keret, Phoenician hero. Name dropped because feature not found on imagery.
Khensu 1°00′N 152°54′W / 1.0°N 152.9°W / 1.0; -152.9 (Khensu) 14.2 1997 Khensu, Egyptian moon god.
Khepri 20°24′N 147°36′W / 20.4°N 147.6°W / 20.4; -147.6 (Khepri) 47.1 1997 Khepri, God of transformations for the Heliopitans.
Khnum 17°48′S 85°12′W / 17.8°S 85.2°W / -17.8; -85.2 (Khnum) 45.0 Khnum, Egyptian ram-headed creation god. Note: Provisional name Khnum changed to Nah-Hunte because of duplication with Khnum Catena.
Khonsu 37°30′S 190°48′W / 37.5°S 190.8°W / -37.5; -190.8 (Khonsu) 80.0 1988 Khonsu, Egyptian moon god.
Khumbam 24°06′S 335°24′W / 24.1°S 335.4°W / -24.1; -335.4 (Khumbam) 56.9 1979 Khumbam, Assyro-Babylonian; Elamite creator god.
Kingu 34°48′S 227°06′W / 34.8°S 227.1°W / -34.8; -227.1 (Kingu) 78.0 1988 Kingu, Assyro-Babylonian; conquered leader of Tiamat's forces whose blood was used to create man.
Kishar 72°36′N 349°42′W / 72.6°N 349.7°W / 72.6; -349.7 (Kishar) 79.0 1979 Kishar, Assyro-Babylonian; terrestrial progenitor goddess.
Kittu 0°24′N 334°36′W / 0.4°N 334.6°W / 0.4; -334.6 (Kittu) 15.0 1985 Kittu, Assyro-Babylonian god of justice.
Kulla 33°18′N 113°48′W / 33.3°N 113.8°W / 33.3; -113.8 (Kulla) 92.4 1985 Kulla, Sumerian god of brick making.
Lagamal 64°24′N 244°48′W / 64.4°N 244.8°W / 64.4; -244.8 (Lagamal) 131.0 2000 Lagamal, Son of Babylonian god Ea.
Latpon 58°48′N 171°12′W / 58.8°N 171.2°W / 58.8; -171.2 (Latpon) 42.0 1997 Latpon, One of the sons of El.
Lugalmeslam 23°48′N 193°48′W / 23.8°N 193.8°W / 23.8; -193.8 (Lugalmeslam) 65.1 1997 Lugalmeslam, Sumerian god of the underworld.
Lumha 36°00′N 154°18′W / 36.0°N 154.3°W / 36.0; -154.3 (Lumha) 57.8 1985 Lumha, Title of Enki as patron of singers; also Babylonian priest.
Maa 1°18′N 203°36′W / 1.3°N 203.6°W / 1.3; -203.6 (Maa) 31.7 1997 Maa, Egyptian god of the sense of sight.
Mehit 29°00′N 164°24′W / 29.0°N 164.4°W / 29.0; -164.4 (Mehit) 47.2 1985 Mehit, Egyptian lion-headed goddess; Anhur's wife.
Melkart 9°54′S 186°12′W / 9.9°S 186.2°W / -9.9; -186.2 (Melkart) 105.0 1979 Melkart, Phoenician; divinity of Tyre.
Menhit 36°30′S 140°30′W / 36.5°S 140.5°W / -36.5; -140.5 (Menhit) 140.0 2006 Menhit, Egyptian lion and war goddess.
Min 29°12′N 1°12′W / 29.2°N 1.2°W / 29.2; -1.2 (Min) 33.1 1988 Min, Egyptian fertility god.
Mir 3°18′S 230°18′W / 3.3°S 230.3°W / -3.3; -230.3 (Mir) 8.0 1985 Mir, West Semitic god of wind.
Misharu 4°24′S 335°54′W / 4.4°S 335.9°W / -4.4; -335.9 (Misharu) 88.0 1985 Misharu, Assyro-Babylonian god of law.
Mont 44°36′N 311°54′W / 44.6°N 311.9°W / 44.6; -311.9 (Mont) 15.0 1997 Mont, Theban war god.
Mor 30°30′N 327°24′W / 30.5°N 327.4°W / 30.5; -327.4 (Mor) 41.3 1979 Mor, Phoenician; spirit of the harvest.
Mot 9°54′N 165°54′W / 9.9°N 165.9°W / 9.9; -165.9 (Mot) 23.3 1997 Mot, Spirit of the harvest, one of the sons of El.
Mush 15°06′S 114°48′W / 15.1°S 114.8°W / -15.1; -114.8 (Mush) 99.3 1985 Mush, Sumerian male deity; upper parts are human, lower parts a serpent.
Nabu 45°24′S 1°12′W / 45.4°S 1.2°W / -45.4; -1.2 (Nabu) 40.0 1979 Nabu, Sumerian god of intellectual activity.
Nah-Hunte 17°48′S 85°12′W / 17.8°S 85.2°W / -17.8; -85.2 (Nah-Hunte) 49.4 2000 Nah-Hunte, Elamite god of light and justice.
Namtar 58°18′S 340°48′W / 58.3°S 340.8°W / -58.3; -340.8 (Namtar) 49.2 1979 Namtar, Assyro-Babylonian plague demon.
Nanna 17°36′S 241°54′W / 17.6°S 241.9°W / -17.6; -241.9 (Nanna) 56.0 1985 Nanna, Sumerian moon god; god of wisdom.
Nefertum 44°18′N 321°06′W / 44.3°N 321.1°W / 44.3; -321.1 (Nefertum) 28.7 1997 Nefertum, Original divine son of the Memphis triad, son of Ptah.
Neheh 72°06′N 62°30′W / 72.1°N 62.5°W / 72.1; -62.5 (Neheh) 54.0 1985 Neheh, Egyptian god of eternity.
Neith 29°24′N 7°00′W / 29.4°N 7.0°W / 29.4; -7.0 (Neith) 87.6 1988 Neith, Egyptian warrior goddess; goddess of domestic arts.
Nergal 38°36′N 200°18′W / 38.6°N 200.3°W / 38.6; -200.3 (Nergal) 9.6 1997 Nergal, Assyro-Babylonian king of the underworld.
Nidaba 17°42′N 123°12′W / 17.7°N 123.2°W / 17.7; -123.2 (Nidaba) 199.4 1985 Nidaba, Sumerian grain goddess.
Nigirsu 58°12′S 320°30′W / 58.2°S 320.5°W / -58.2; -320.5 (Nigirsu) 53.3 1979 Nigirsu, Assyro-Babylonian; god of the fields, war god.
Ningishzida 14°06′N 189°48′W / 14.1°N 189.8°W / 14.1; -189.8 (Ningishzida) 32.0 1997 Ningishzida, Sumerian vegetation god.
Ninkasi 59°12′N 48°42′W / 59.2°N 48.7°W / 59.2; -48.7 (Ninkasi) 81.0 1988 Ninkasi, Sumerian goddess of brewing.
Ninki 8°12′S 120°30′W / 8.2°S 120.5°W / -8.2; -120.5 (Ninki) 194.2 1985 Ninki, Consort to Ea, Babylonian god of water.
Ninlil 6°12′N 118°18′W / 6.2°N 118.3°W / 6.2; -118.3 (Ninlil) 90.8 1985 Ninlil, Chief Assyrian goddess; Asshur's consort.
Ninsum 14°30′S 140°36′W / 14.5°S 140.6°W / -14.5; -140.6 (Ninsum) 88.2 1985 Ninsum, Minor Babylonian goddess of wisdom; Gilgamesh's mother.
Nut 54°18′S 269°18′W / 54.3°S 269.3°W / -54.3; -269.3 (Nut) 93.0 1979 Nut, Egyptian goddess of the sky.
Osiris 38°06′S 166°24′W / 38.1°S 166.4°W / -38.1; -166.4 (Osiris) 107.7 1979 Osiris, Egyptian god of the dead.
Ptah 65°54′S 217°00′W / 65.9°S 217.0°W / -65.9; -217.0 (Ptah) 30.2 1988 Ptah, Sovereign god of Memphis; patron of artisans.
Punt 24°54′S 239°54′W / 24.9°S 239.9°W / -24.9; -239.9 (Punt) 135.0 1997 Punt, Land east of Egypt where Bes originated. Changed from Punt Facula.
Ruti 13°12′N 308°36′W / 13.2°N 308.6°W / 13.2; -308.6 (Ruti) 16.0 1979 Ruti, Phoenician; Byblos god.
Saltu 14°12′S 352°42′W / 14.2°S 352.7°W / -14.2; -352.7 (Saltu) 40.0 2006 Saltu, Babylonian goddess of discord and hostility.
Sapas 57°24′N 33°54′W / 57.4°N 33.9°W / 57.4; -33.9 (Sapas) 56.0 1979 Shapash, Assyro-Babylonian; torch of the gods.
Sati 30°54′N 12°48′W / 30.9°N 12.8°W / 30.9; -12.8 (Sati) 94.7 1988 Sati, Wife of Khnum, Egyptian god of the Cataracts.
Sebek 61°12′N 356°54′W / 61.2°N 356.9°W / 61.2; -356.9 (Sebek) 65.0 1979 Sebek, Egyptian crocodile god.
Seima 17°06′N 215°54′W / 17.1°N 215.9°W / 17.1; -215.9 (Seima) 38.0 1985 Seima, Mother goddess of the Arameans.
Seker 39°12′S 345°30′W / 39.2°S 345.5°W / -39.2; -345.5 (Seker) 103.4 1988 Seker, Egyptian god of the dead at Memphis.
Selket 15°00′N 105°48′W / 15.0°N 105.8°W / 15.0; -105.8 (Selket) 172.3 1985 Selket, Tutelary goddess who guarded intestines of the dead.
Serapis 12°30′S 44°06′W / 12.5°S 44.1°W / -12.5; -44.1 (Serapis) 169.3 1997 Serapis, Egyptian healing god.
Shu 43°12′N 356°48′W / 43.2°N 356.8°W / 43.2; -356.8 (Shu) 44.1 1988 Shu, Egyptian god of air.
Sin 52°54′N 357°30′W / 52.9°N 357.5°W / 52.9; -357.5 (Sin) 19.0 1979 Sin, Babylonian moon god.
Tammuz 13°24′N 230°36′W / 13.4°N 230.6°W / 13.4; -230.6 (Tammuz) 51.0 1985 Tammuz, Egyptian childbirth goddess.
Tanit 57°30′N 36°36′W / 57.5°N 36.6°W / 57.5; -36.6 (Tanit) 26.0 1979 Tanit, Akkadian youthful god of vegetation; Ishtar's son.
Tashmetum 39°42′S 264°30′W / 39.7°S 264.5°W / -39.7; -264.5 (Tashmetum) 135.0 2000 Tashmetum, Assyro-Babylonian; Carthaginian goddess.
Ta-urt 27°36′N 304°06′W / 27.6°N 304.1°W / 27.6; -304.1 (Ta-urt) 94.4 1988 Taurt, Assyro-Babylonian goddess who invented writing with her husband Nabu.
Teshub 68°30′S 279°36′W / 68.5°S 279.6°W / -68.5; -279.6 (Teshub) 188.0 1994 Teshub, Elamite god of the tempest.
Thoth 43°18′S 147°12′W / 43.3°S 147.2°W / -43.3; -147.2 (Thoth) 102.5 1985 Thoth, Egyptian moon god; invented all arts and sciences.
Tros 11°06′N 27°18′W / 11.1°N 27.3°W / 11.1; -27.3 (Tros) 93.9 1979 Tros, Greek; father of Ganymede.
Upuant 46°24′N 319°30′W / 46.4°N 319.5°W / 46.4; -319.5 (Upuant) 16.5 1997 Upuant, Jackal-headed warrior god, god of the dead.
Wadjet 53°48′S 268°54′W / 53.8°S 268.9°W / -53.8; -268.9 (Wadjet) 100.0 2000 Wadjet, Egyptian cobra goddess. Same crater as Nut.
We-ila 12°24′S 290°18′W / 12.4°S 290.3°W / -12.4; -290.3 (We-ila) 36.3 2000 We-ila, Akkadian god from whom the hero Atra-hasis was created.
Wepwawet 69°54′S 59°48′W / 69.9°S 59.8°W / -69.9; -59.8 (Wepwawet) 87.0 2000 Wepwawet, Ancient Egyptian jackal deity.
Zakar 31°12′N 333°42′W / 31.2°N 333.7°W / 31.2; -333.7 (Zakar) 170.0 1997 Zakar, Assyrian supreme deity.
Zaqar 58°12′N 37°18′W / 58.2°N 37.3°W / 58.2; -37.3 (Zaqar) 33.0 1979 Zaqar, Assyro-Babylonian; Sin's messenger who brought dreams to men.

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