List of creation myths

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A creation myth (or creation story) is a cultural, traditional or religious myth which describes the earliest beginnings of the present world. Creation myths are the most common form of myth, usually developing first in oral traditions, and are found throughout human culture. A creation myth is usually regarded by those who subscribe to it as conveying profound truths, although not necessarily in a historical or literal sense. They are commonly, although not always, considered cosmogonical myths—that is they describe the ordering of the cosmos from a state of chaos or amorphousness.

The following are common categories used to catalog or compare the various creation myths found throughout the world:

Basic type[edit]

Creation from chaos[edit]

Earth diver[edit]

Emergence[edit]

Ex nihilo (out of nothing)[edit]

World Parent[edit]

Regional[edit]

African[edit]

American[edit]

Arctic American[edit]

Mesoamerican[edit]

Mid North American[edit]

South American[edit]

Asian[edit]

Central Asian[edit]

East Asian[edit]

South Asian[edit]

Southeast Asian[edit]

European[edit]

Middle Eastern[edit]

Pacific Islander/Oceanic[edit]

References[edit]

  • Leeming, David Adams; Leeming, Margaret Adams (1994). Encyclopedia of Creation Myths (2nd ed.). ABC-CLIO. ISBN 978-0-87436-739-3. 
  • Leeming, David Adams; Leeming, Margaret Adams (2009). A Dictionary of Creation Myths (Oxford Reference Online ed.). Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-510275-4.