List of Scottish clans

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This is the list of Scottish clans with and without chiefs.

The crest badges used by members of Scottish clans are based upon armorial bearings recorded by the Lord Lyon King of Arms in the Public Register of All Arms and Bearings in Scotland. The blazon of the heraldic crest is given, and the heraldic motto with its translation into English. While all the crest badges of the clan names listed are recognised by the Lord Lyon King of Arms, only about one half of these (about 140)[1] have a clan chief who is acknowledged by the Lord Lyon King of Arms as the rightful claimant of the undifferenced arms upon which the crest badges are based.

Scottish crest badges are heraldic badges used by members of Scottish clans to show their allegiance to a specific clan or clan chief. Even though they are commonly used by clan members, the heraldic crest and motto within the crest badge belong only to the clan chief - never the clan member. A Scottish clan member's crest badge is made up of a heraldic crest, encircled by a strap and buckle which contains a heraldic motto. In most cases, both crest and motto are derived from the crest and motto of the chief's coat of arms. Crest badges intended for wear as cap badges are commonly made of silver or some other metal such as pewter.In the case of armigers they wear their own crest within a plain circlet showing their own motto or slogan, not a belt and buckle showing the chief's. Women may wear a crest badge as a brooch to pin a sash of their clan tartan at the right shoulder of their gown or blouse. Female clan chiefs, chieftains, or the wives of clan chiefs normally wear a tartan sash pinned at their left shoulder.

Today, Scottish crest badges are commonly used by members of Scottish clans. However, much like clan tartans, Scottish crest badges do not have a long history, and owe much to Victorian era romanticism, and the dress of the Highland Regiments.[2][3] Scottish crest badges have only been worn by clan members on the bonnet since the 19th century.[2]

  Highland and Island clans
  Lowland and Border clans
Clan name Crest badge Blazon of crest & motto within crest badge; War cry and Clan badge Clan chief;
and Clan seat, or historical seat
Notes
Abercromby Clan member crest badge - Clan Abercromby.svg Crest: A falcon rising belled Proper.[4]

Motto: PETIT ALTA.[5]
[from Latin: "He seeks high deeds"].[4]

Chief: none, armigerous clan.

Seat: Abercrombie, Fife

Abernethy Crest: A raven Sable, beaked and membered Gules

Motto: SALUS PER CHRISTUM [from Latin: Salvation through Christ]

Chief: none, armigerous clan.

Seat: Abernethy, Perth and Kinross

Adair Crest: A man's head couped and bloody.[6]

Motto: LOYAL AU MORT.[6]
[from French: "Loyal unto death"][6]

Chief: none, armigerous clan. The crest and motto are derived from the arms of Adair of Kinhilt.[6]
Adam Crest: A cross crosslet fitchée Gules surmounted by a sword in saltire Proper

Motto: CRUX MIHI GRATA QUIES [from Latin: The cross gives me welcome rest]

Chief: none, armigerous clan.

Seat: Blair Adam, estate in Kinross-shire

Agnew Clan member crest badge - Clan Agnew.svg Crest: An eagle issuant and reguardant Proper.[7]

Motto: CONSILIO NON PETU.[7]
[from Latin: "By wisdom not force"][7]

Chief: Sir Crispin Agnew of Lochnaw, 11th Baronet

Seat: Lochnaw Castle, Dumfries and Galloway

Aikenhead Crest: A demi-savage holding in his dexter hand three laurel slips fructed Proper

Motto: RUPTO RORE NATI Latin: "We are born in a weak condition"]

Chief: none, armigerous clan.

Seat: Aikenhead, Lanarkshire

Ainslie Crest: Issuing out of a cap of maintenance a naked arm embowed grasping a scymitar all Proper

Motto: PRO PATRIA SAEPE PRO REGE SEMPER [from Latin: "For country often, for King always"]

Chief: none, armigerous clan.

Seat: Dolphinstone Castle (ruin), Jedburgh [8]

Aiton Crest: A hand pulling a rose Proper

Motto: DECERPTAE DABUNT ODORUM ["Roses plucked will give sweet smell"]

Chief: none, armigerous clan.

Seat: Ayton, Berwickshire

Allardice Crest: A demi-savage holding in the dexter hand a scimitar all Proper

Motto: IN DEFENCE OF THE DISTRESSED

Chief: none, armigerous clan.

Seat: Allardice Castle, Kincardineshire

Anderson Clan member crest badge - Clan Anderson.svg Crest: An oak tree Proper.{Lyon Court Records 1673/5: Book 1, folio 239 as recorded for James Anderson of Westerairdbreck and also grant by Lord Lyon 20 March 1992 book 73, folio 78: to David Alexander Richard Waterton-Anderson, a descendant of the original grantee}

Motto: STAND SURE as witnessed by armorial stones at Westerton, Banffshire dated 1664 and Botriphnie dated 1671; also by grant of Lord Lyon 20 March 1992 book 73, folio 78 to David Alexander Richard Waterton-Anderson.[9]

Chief: none, armigerous clan. This motto has been used by the leading house of Andersons from at least 1664 and adopted for use as a clan member's crest badge.[9]
Anstruther Clan member crest badge - Clan Anstruther.svg Crest: Two arms in armour holding a pole-axe with both hands gauntleted Proper.[10]

Motto: PERIISSEM NI PERIISSEM.[11]
[from Latin: "I had perished unless i had gone through it"].[12]
[from Latin: "I would have perished had I not persisted"].[10]

Chief: Tobias Anstruther of that Ilk

Seat: Balcaskie House, Fife

In note No. 12 of Waverley, Sir Walter Scott, while discussing canting of arms in heraldry wrote, "The Periissem ni per-iissem of the Anstruthers is liable to a similar objection. One of that ancient race, finding that an antagonist, with whom he had fixed a friendly meeting, was determined to take the opportunity of assassinating him, prevented the hazard by dashing out his brains with a battle-axe. Two sturdy arms, brandishing such a weapon, form the usual crest of the family, with the above motto, Periissem ni per-iissem—I had died, unless I had gone through with it".[12] Note the crest used in the crest badge.
Arbuthnott Clan member crest badge - Clan Arbuthnott.svg Crest: A peacock's head couped at the neck Proper.[13]

Motto: LAUS DEO.[13]
[from Latin: "Praise God"].[13]

Chief: Keith Arbuthnott 17th Viscount of Arbuthnott

Seat: Arbuthnott tHouse, Arbuthnott, Aberdeenshire

Armstrong Clan member crest badge - Clan Armstrong.svg Crest: An arm from the shoulder, armed Proper.[14]

Motto: INVICTUS MANEO.[14]
[from Latin: "I remain unvanquished"].[14]

Chief: none, armigerous clan.

Seat: Gilnockie Tower, Dumfries and Galloway

Arnott Chief: none, armigerous clan.

Seat: Arnott, Portmoak in Kinross-shire

Arthur Clan member crest badge - Clan Arthur.svg Crest: Two laurel branches in orle Proper.[15]

Motto: FIDE ET OPERA.[15]
[from Latin: "By fidelity and labour"].[15]
Badge: Wild Myrtle or Fir Club Moss

Chief: John Alexander MacArthur of that Ilk

Seat: Castle Kennedy House, Castle Kennedy, Wigtownshire

Auchinleck Crest: An ear of rye Proper

Motto: PRETIOSUM QUOD UTILE ["What is useful is valuable"]

Chief: none, armigerous clan. Seat: Auchinleck
Baillie Clan member crest badge - Clan Baillie.svg Crest: A boar's head erased Proper.[16]

Motto: QUID CLARIUS ASTRIS.[17]
[from Latin: "What is brighter than the stars?"].[16]

Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Baird Clan member crest badge - Clan Baird.svg Crest: A gryphon's head erased Proper.[18]

Motto: DOMINUS FECIT.[18]
[from Latin: "The Lord has done this"].[18]

Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Balfour Crest: A dexter arm in armour erect the hand holding a baton in bend Gules tipped Argent

Motto: Fordward ["Forward"]

Chief: none, armigerous clan. Seat: Balfour[disambiguation needed]
Bannatyne Crest: A demi griffin, in his dexter paw a sword erect Proper.[19]

Motto: NEC CITO NEC TARDE.[20]
[from Latin: "Neither fast nor slow"].[19]

Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Bannerman Clan member crest badge - Clan Bannerman.svg Crest: A demi man in armour holding in his right hand a sword Proper.[21]

Motto: PRO PATRIA.[22]
[from Latin: "For my county"][23]

Chief: David Gordon Bannerman of Elsick, 15th Baronet The ancestors of the Bannermans were hereditary banner-bearers to the kings of Scotland.[23]
Barclay Crest: (On a chapeau doubled Ermine) a hand holding a dagger Proper.[24]

Motto: AUT AGERE AUT MORI.[24]
[from Latin: "Either to do or die"].[24]

Chief: Peter Barclay of Towie Barclay and of that Ilk

Seat: Towie Barclay Castle, Aberdeenshire

Baxter Crest: A lion rampant guardant Sable

Motto: VINCIT VERITAS
["Truth prevails"]

Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Bell Crest: Viz. Azure, three bells, the crest, a hand holding a dagger, paleways proper, with the motto, "I beir the bel."

Motto: I BEIR THE BEL.[25]

Chief: in the process, armigerous clan. Seat: Middlebie
Belshes Crest: A greyhound’s head couped Argent collared Azure

Motto: FULGET VIRTUS INTAMINATA
["Virtue shines unstained"]

Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Bethune Clan member crest badge - Clan Bethune.svg Crest: An otter's head erased Argent.[26]

Motto: DE BONNAIRE.[27]
[from French: "Gracious"].[26]

Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Beveridge Crest: Out of a mural crown Or a demi beaver Proper

Motto: PERSEVERANDO ["By persevering"]

Chief: none, armigerous clan.

Seat: Brucefield, estate in Fife

Binning Chief: none, armigerous clan.

Seat: Barony of Binning, in the parish of Uphall, West Lothian

Bisset Crest: The trunk of an oak tree sprouting afresh Proper

Motto: ABSCISSA VIRESCIT
["That torn down re-grows"]

Chief: none, armigerous clan. The chiefly line is thought to be Bisset of Lessendrum.
Blackadder Chief: none, armigerous clan.

Seat: Old Tulliallan Castle, Kincardine, Fife

Blackstock Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Blair Crest: A stag lodged Proper

Motto: AMO PROBOS ["I love the virtuous"]

Chief: none, armigerous clan.

Seat: Blair, Ayrshire

Blane Crest: The sword of Justice paleways Proper

Motto: PAX AUT BELLUM ["Peace or war"]

Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Blyth Chief: none, armigerous clan.

Seat: Lauderdale

Borthwick Clan member crest badge - Clan Borthwick.svg Crest: A moor's head couped Proper wreathed Argent and Sable.[28]

Motto: QUI CONDUCIT.[28]
[from Latin: "He who leads"].[28]

Chief: John Hugh Borthwick of that Ilk, 24th Lord Borthwick

Seat: Borthwick Castle, Lothian

Boswell Crest: A falcon Proper, hooded Gules, jessed and belled Or

Motto: VRAYE FOI ["True faith"]

Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Boyd Clan member crest badge - Clan Boyd.svg Crest: A dexter hand erect and pale having the outer fingers bowed inwards.[29]

Motto: CONFIDO.[29]
[from Latin: "I trust"].[29]

Chief: Robin Jordan Boyd 8th Baron Kilmarnock

Seat: Dean Castle, Ayrshire

Alastair Boyd, 7th Baron Kilmarnock died 19 March, 2009, but references continue to list him as Chief: see Burks, Standing council, and only House of Boyd aka Clan Boyd has updated information regarding their Chief Boyd clan web site
Boyle Clan member crest badge - Clan Boyle.svg Crest: A double headed eagle displayed, parted per pale embattled Gules and Argent.[30]

Motto: DOMINUS PROVIDEBIT.[31]
[from Latin: "The Lord will provide"].[30]

Chief: Patrick Robin Archibald Boyle, 10th Earl of Glasgow

Seat: Kelburn Castle, North Ayrshire

Brisbane Crest: A stork’s head erased holding in her beak a serpent nowed Proper

Motto: DABIT OTIA DEUS
["God will give repose"]

Chief: none, armigerous clan.

Seat: Killincraig, Largs, North Ayrshire

Brodie Clan member crest badge - Clan Brodie.svg Crest: A right hand holding a bunch of arrows all Proper.[32]

Motto: UNITE.[32]
Badge: periwinkle[33]

Chief: Alexander Tristan Duff Brodie of Brodie

Seat: Brodie Castle, Morayshire

Broun Crest: A lion rampant, holding in the dexter paw a fleur de lis Or

Floreat magestas (Let majesty flourish) Motto: FLOREAT MAGESTAS
["Let majesty flourish"]

Chief: Sir Wayne Broun of Coultson, Bt.

Seat: Colstoun House, East Lothian

Bruce Clan member crest badge - Clan Bruce.svg Crest: A lion stantan Azure armed and langued Gules.[34]

Motto: FUIMUS.[34]
[from Latin: "We have been"].[34]
Badge: rosemary[33]

Chief: Andrew Douglas Alexander Thomas Bruce, 11th Earl of Elgin

Seat: Broomhall Hall, Dunfermline

Buchan Crest: (upon a chapeau Gules furred Ermine) A sun shining upon a sunflower full blown Proper.[35]

Motto: NON INFERIORA SECUTUS.[35]
[from Latin: "Not having followed mean pursuits"].[35]

Chief: David Buchan of Auchmacoy

Seat: Auchmacoy House, Aberdeenshire

Buchanan Crest: A dexter hand holding up a ducal cap (Proper), tufted on the top with a rose Gules, within two laurel branches in orle (also Proper).[36]

Motto: CLARIOR HINC HONOS.[36]
[from Latin: "Hence the brighter honour"].[36]
Badge: billberry (blaeberry), oak, and birch[33]

Chief: none, armigerous clan. The last chief died in the 1682.[37]
Butter Clan Crest Butter of Gormock.jpg Crest: Two hands issuing from a cloud in dexter, extended to the sinister and drawing an arrow in a bow all Proper

Motto: DIRIGET DEUS ["God directs"]

Chief: none, armigerous clan.

Seat: Fascally, by Pitlochry, Perthshire

Byres Crest: A cock reguardant Proper

Motto: MARTE SUO TUTUS ["Safe by his own exertions"]

Chief: none, armigerous clan.

Seat: Byres Castle (ruin), Haddington, East Lothian

Cairns Chief: none, armigerous clan.

Seat: Mid Calder, West Lothian

Calder Chief: none, armigerous clan.

Seat: Cawdor Castle, Nairnshire

Caldwell Chief: none, armigerous clan.

Seat: Caldwell, East Renfrewshire

Callender Chief: none, armigerous clan.

Seat: Callander, Stirlingshire

Cameron Clan member crest badge - Clan Cameron.svg Crest: A sheaf of five arrows points upwards Proper tied with a band Gules.[38]

Motto: AONAIBH RI CHÉILE.[38]
[from Scottish Gaelic: "Unite"].[38]
Badge: crowberry, or oak[33]

Chief: Donald Angus Cameron of Lochiel

Seat: Achnacarry Castle, Fort William, Highlands

Campbell Clan member crest badge - Clan Campbell.svg Crest: On a boar's head erased fessways erased Or, armed Argent, langued Gules.[39]

Motto: NE OBLIVISCARIS.[39]
[from Latin: "Do not forget"].[39]
Badge: fir club moss, or wild myrtle (bog myrtle)[33]

Chief: Torquhil Ian Campbell, 13th Duke of Argyll

Seat: Inveraray Castle, Argyll and Bute

Though abundant in Argyll, Bog Myrtle drops its leaves in winter.[40]
Campbell of Breadalbane Clan member crest badge - Clan Campbell of Breadalbane.svg Crest: A boar's head erased Proper.[41]

Motto: FOLLOW ME.[42]

Chief: none, armigerous clan. Seat: Breadalbane
Campbell of Cawdor Clan member crest badge - Clan Campbell of Cawdor.svg Crest: A swan, Proper, crowned, Or.[43]

Motto: BE MINDFUL.[44]

Chief: Colin Campbell, 7th Earl Cawdor

Seat: Cawdor Castle, Nairnshire

Campbell of Possil Clan member crest badge - Clan Campbell of Possil.png Crest: A Boar’s head erect, erased Or armed and langued Azure.[45][46][47]

Motto: FAC ET SPERA.[47]
[from Latin: "Do and Hope"][45]

Carmichael Clan member crest badge - Clan Carmichael.svg Crest: A dexter hand and arm in pale armed and holding a broken spear Proper.[48]

Motto: TOUT JOUR PREST.[48]
[from French: "Always ready"].[48]

Chief: Richard Carmichael of Carmichael

Seat: Carmichael, South Lanarkshire

Carnegie Clan member crest badge - Clan Carnegie.svg Crest: A thunderbolt Proper, winged Or.[49]

Motto: DRED GOD.[49]

Chief: James George Alexander Bannerman Carnegie, 3rd Duke of Fife

Seat: Elsick House, Stonehaven, Kincardineshire

Carruthers Crest: A seraphim volant Proper

Motto: PROMPTUS ET FIDELIS
["Ready and faithful"]

Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Cathcart Clan member crest badge - Clan Cathcart.svg Crest: A dexter hand couped above the wrist and erect Proper, grasping a crescent Argent.[50]

Motto: I HOPE TO SPEED.[50]

Chief: Charles Alan Andrew Cathcart, 7th Earl Cathcart

Seat: Gateley Hall

Chalmers Crest: The head and neck of a lion Sable langued Gules

Motto: AVANCE ["Advance"]

Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Charteris Crest: A dexter hand holding up a dagger paleways Proper.[51]

Motto: THIS IS OUR CHARTER.[51]

Chief: James Charteris, 13th Earl of Wemyss and 9th Earl of March

Seat: Gosford House, East Lothian

Chattan Crest: A cat salient Proper.[52]

Motto: TOUCH NOT THE CATT BOT A GLOVE.[52]
Badge: wild whortleberry[33]

Captain: Malcolm K. MacKintosh of Clan Chattan
Cheyne Clan member crest badge - Clan Cheyne.svg Crest: A cross pattée fitchée Argent

Motto: PATIENTIA VINCIT
["Patience conquers"]

Chief: none, armigerous clan.

Seat: Esslemont, Aberdeenshire

Chisholm Clan member crest badge - Clan Chisholm.svg Crest: A dexter hand holding a dagger erect Proper, the point thereof transfixing a boar's head erased Or.[53]

Motto: FEROS FERIO.[53]
[from Latin: "I am fierce with the fierce"].[53] Badge: fern[33]

Chief: Hamish Chisholm of Chisholm
Clelland Crest: A falcon upon a glove sinister Proper

Motto: FOR SPORT

Chief: none, armigerous clan.

Seat: Cleland, North Lanarkshire

See also: 18th century Clevland family of Tapley, North Devon.[54]
Clephane Crest: A hand holding a helmet Proper

Motto: UT SIM PARATIOR ["That I may be the more ready"]

Chief: none, armigerous clan.

Seat: Carslogie, Fife

Cochrane Clan member crest badge - Clan Cochrane.svg Crest: A horse passant Argent[55]

Motto: VIRTUTE ET LABOUR.[55]
["By valour and exertion"].[55]

Chief: Iain Alexander Douglas Blair Cochrane, 15th Earl of Dundonald, 6th Marquess of Maranhão

Seat: Lochnell Castle, Argyllshire

Cockburn Clan member crest badge - Clan Cockburn.svg Crest: A cock crowing Proper.[56]

Motto: ACCENDIT CANTU.[57]
[from Latin: "He rouses us with song"].[56]

Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Colquhoun Clan member crest badge - Clan Colquhoun.svg Crest: A hart's head couped Gules, attired Argent.[58]

Motto: SI JE PUIS.[58]
[from French: "If i can"].[58]
Badge: hazel,[33] or dogberry[59]

Chief: Sir Malcolm Rory Colquhoun of Luss, 9th Baronet

Seat: Rossdhu Mansion, Argyll & Bute

Colville Clan member crest badge - Clan Colville.svg Crest: A hind's head couped at the neck Argent.[60]

Motto: OUBLIER NE PUIS.[60]
[from French: "I cannot forget"].[60]

Chief: John Mark Alexander Colville, 4th Viscount Colville of Culross
Congilton Crest: A bee Proper

Motto: MAGNA IN PARVO ["Much in little"]

Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Craig Crest: A chevalier on horseback in full charge grasping a broken lance in bend Proper.[61]

Motto: VIVE DEO ET VIVES.[62]
[from Latin: "Live for God and you shall have life"].[61]

Chief: none, armigerous clan. The last chief was Thomas Craig of Riccarton who died on 13 March 1823[63] Seat: Riccarton
Cranstoun Clan member crest badge - Clan Cranstoun.svg Crest: A crane Proper dormant holding a stone in her claw.[64]

Motto: THOU SHALT WANT ERE I WANT.[64]

Chief: David Cranston of that Ilk and Corehouse
Crawford Clan member crest badge - Clan Crawford.svg Crest: A stag's head erased Gules, between the attires a cross crosslet fitchée Sable.[65]

Motto: TUTUM TE ROBORE REDDAM.[65]
[from Latin: "I will give you safety though strength"].[65]

Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Crichton Crest: A dragon spouting out fire Proper.[66]

Motto: GOD SEND GRACE.[67]

Chief: David Maitland Makgill Crichton of that Ilk

Seat: Monzie Castle, Crieff

Crosbie Crest: Out of a mount the trunk of a tree sprouting out new branches all Proper

Motto: RESURGAM ["I shall rise again"]

Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Cumming Clan member crest badge - Clan Cumming.svg Crest: A lion rampant Or, in his dexter paw a dagger Proper.[68]

Motto: COURAGE.[68]
Badge: cumin plant[33]

Chief: Sir Alexander Penrose Gordon Cumming of Altyre, 7th Bt.

Seat: Altyre House, Morayshire

Cumin plant is not even native to Britain. The 19th century writer James Logan attributed the clan with this plant. The clan's association with this badge was questioned by at least on other 19th century writer.[69]
Cunningham Clan member crest badge - Clan Cunningham.svg Crest: A unicorn's head couped Argent, armed Or.[70]

Motto: OVER FORK OVER.[70]

Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Dalmahoy Crest: A hand brandishing a sword aloft Proper

Motto: ABSQZ ["absque"], or METU ["Without fear"]

Chief: none, armigerous clan.

Seat: barony of Dalmahoy, Midlothian

Dalrymple Clan member crest badge - Clan Dalrymple.svg Crest: A rock Proper.[71]

Motto: FIRM.[72]

Chief: none, armigerous clan. Seat: Dalrymple
Dalziel Clan member crest badge - Clan Dalziel.svg Crest: A dagger paleways Azure, hilted and pommelled Or.[73]

Motto: I DARE.[74]

Chief: none, armigerous clan. Seat: Dalziel
Darroch Crest: On a chapeau Gules furred miniver a demi-Negro, in his dexter hand a dagger Proper.[75]

Motto: BE WATCHFULL.[76]

Chief: Duncan Darroch of Gourock
Davidson Clan member crest badge - Clan Davidson.svg Crest: A stag's head erased Proper.[77]

Motto: SAPIENTER SI SINCERE.[77]
["Wisely if sincerely"].[77]
Badge: boxwood, or red whortleberry[33]

Chief: Alister Davidson of Davidston
DeMartino Crest: A dexter arm in pale Proper, clothed Gules, (issuing out of the Wreath) and holding an antique shield Sable charged with a mullet Or

Motto: ADVERSA VURTUTE REPELLO ["I repel adversity with fortitude"]

Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Dewar Clan member crest badge - Clan Dewar.svg Crest: Issuant from a crest coronet Or of four (three visible) strawberry leaves, a dexter arm vambraced, brandishing a sword Proper, hilted and pommelled Or.[citation needed]

Motto: QUID NON PRO PATRIA.[78]
[from Latin: "What would one not do for his country"].[79]

Chief: Michael Kenneth Dewar of that Ilk and Vogrie
Donnachaidh aka Clan Robertson Clan member crest badge - Clan Robertson.svg Crest: A dexter hand holding up an imperial crown Proper.[80]

Motto: VIRTUTIS GLORIA MERCES.[80]
[from Latin: "Glory is the reward of valour"].[80]
Badge: bracken,[33] or fern[59]

Chief: Alexander Robertson of Struan. The Celtic Magazine of 1884 states that this badge (fern), compared to fine leaved heath, is the older badge.[59]
Douglas Clan member crest badge - Clan Douglas.svg Crest: On a chapeau Gules furred Ermine, a salamander Vert encircled with flames of fire Proper.[81]

Motto: JAMAIS ARRIÈRE.[81]
[from French: "Never behind"].[81]

Chief: none, armigerous clan. The Douglas-Hamiltons are heirs to the chiefship, however the Lord Lyon requires them to assume the single name Douglas for them to be granted the title of chief.[82]
Drummond Crest: On a crest coronet Or, a goshhawk wings displayed Proper, armed and belled Or, jessed Gules.[83]

Motto: VIRTUTEM CORONAT HONOS.[83]
[from Latin: "Honour crowns virtue"].[83]
Badge: holly,[33] or Wild thyme[59]

Chief: John Eric Drummond, 18th Earl of Perth
Dunbar Clan member crest badge - Clan Dunbar.svg Crest: A horse's head Argent, bridled and reined Gules.[84]

Motto: IN PROMPTU.[84]
["In readiness"].[84]

Chief: Sir James Dunbar of Mochrum, 14th Bt.

Seat: Mochrum Castle, Dumfries and Galloway

Duncan Duncan-crest-badge.jpg Crest: On waves of the sea Argent a lymphad proper under sail Or flagged Gules the sail charged with a clarion Gules.[85]

Motto: SAVOUR THE MOMENT.[85]

Chief: none, armigerous clan. The Clan for present is being led by the head of The Territorial House of Duncan of Sketraw.[85]
Dundas Crest: A lion's head affrontée looking through a bush of oak Proper.[86]

Motto: ESSAYEZ.[86] [from French: "Try"].[86]

Chief: David Dundas of Dundas David Dundas of Dundas has not been heard from in over 30 years. It remains uncertain if he is still alive.[87]
Dunlop Crest: A dexter hand holding a dagger erect all Proper

Motto: MERITO ["Deservedly"]

Chief: none, armigerous clan.

Seat: Dunlop, in Cunningham, Ayrshire

Durie Clan member crest badge - Clan Durie.svg Crest: A crescent Or[88]

Motto: CONFIDO.[89]
[From Latin: "I trust"].[88]

Chief: Andrew Durie of Durie
Edmonstone Crest: A camel’s head and neck Proper Chief: none, armigerous clan.

Seat: Edmonstone, Lothian

Eliott Clan member crest badge - Clan Eliott.svg Crest: A hand couped at the wrist in armour holding a cutlass in bend Proper.[90]

Motto: FORTITER ET RECTE.[90]
[from Latin: "Boldly and rightly"].[90]

Chief: Margaret Eliott of Redheugh

Seat: Redheugh, Roxburghshire

Elphinstone Crest: A lady, from the waist upwards, richly habited in red, her arms extended, the right hand supporting a tower and the left holding a branch of laurel, all Proper[91]

Motto: CAUSE CAUSIT.[92]
["Cause caused it"][91]

Chief: The Rt. Hon. Lord Elphinstone
Erskine Erskine crest.jpg Crest: On a chapeau Gules furred Ermine a hand holding up a skene in pale Argent, hilted and pommelled Or.[93]

Motto: JE PENSE PLUS.[93]
[From French: "I think more"].[93]

Chief: James Thorne Erskine, 14th Earl of Mar and 16th Earl of Kellie
Ewing Crest: A demi-lion rampant holding in its dexter paw a star or mullet

Motto: AUDACITER ["Boldly"]

Chief: none, armigerous clan. The Ewing coat of arms appears in the Workman Armorial dated 1566..[94]
Fairlie Crest: A lion’s head couped Or

Motto: PARATUS SUM ["I am prepared"]

Chief: none, armigerous clan.

Seat: Fairley, Ayrshire

Falconer Crest: An angel in a praying posture Or, within an orle of laurel Proper

Motto: VIVE UT VIVAS
["Live that you may have life"]

Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Farquharson Clan member crest badge - Clan Farquharson.svg Crest: On a chapeau Gules furred Ermine, a demi-lion Gules holding in his dexter paw a sword Proper.[95]

Motto: FIDE ET FORTITUDINE.[95]
[from Latin: "By fidelity and fortitude"].[95]
Badge: Scots fir, red whortleberry,[33] or foxglove[96]

Chief: Alwyne Farquharson of Invercauld
Fenton Chief: none, armigerous clan.

Seat: Fenton, Dirleton, East Lothian

Fergusson Clan member crest badge - Clan Fergusson.svg Crest: Upon a chapeau Gules furred Ermine, a bee on a thistle Proper.[97]

Motto: DULCIUS EX ASPERIS.[97]
[From Latin: "Sweeter after difficulties"].[97]
Badge: little sunflower[96]

Chief: Sir Charles Fergusson of Kilkerran, 9th Bt.
Fleming Clan member crest badge - Clan Fleming.svg Crest: A goat’s head erased Argent, armed Or

Motto: LET THE DEED SHAW.[98]

Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Fletcher Crest: A demi bloodhound Azure, langued Gules, gorged with a ducal crown Or

Motto: DIEU POUR NOUS.[99]
["God for us"]

Chief: none, armigerous clan.

Seat: Glenorchie, Argyll

Many clan emigrated to the United States and Canada after clearances by the Earl of Breadalbane. The fourteenth and last chief died in New York in 1911
Forbes Crest: A stag's head attired with ten tines Proper.[100]

Motto: GRACE ME GUIDE.[100]
Badge: broom[33]

Chief: Nigel Ivan Forbes, 23rd Lord Forbes

Seat: Castle Forbes, Aberdeenshire

Forrester Crest: A hound’s head erased Proper collared Gules

Motto: BLAW HUNTER BLAW THY HORN.[101]

Chief: none, armigerous clan.

Seat: Corstorphine Castle (demolished), Corstorphine, Lothian

Forsyth Clan member crest badge - Clan Forsyth.svg Crest: A griffin sergeant Azure, armed and membered Sable, crowned Or.[102]

Motto: INSTAURATOR RUINAE.[102]
[From Latin: "A repairer of ruin"].[102]

Chief: Alister Forsyth of that Ilk
Fotheringham Crest: A) A griffin segreant Proper (Fotheringham)

Motto: A) BE IT FAST
Crest: B) A lion’s paw erased holding a scimitar Proper
Motto: B) DISSIPATE ["Disperse"]

Chief: none, armigerous clan.

Seat: Powrie, Inverarity, Forfarshire

Fraser Crest: On a mount a flourish of strawberries leaved and fructed Proper.[103]

Motto: ALL MY HOPE IS IN GOD[103]
Badge: yew[33]

Chief: Flora Fraser, 21st Lady Saltoun
Fraser of Lovat Clan member crest badge - Clan Fraser of lovat.svg Crest: A buck's head erased Proper.[104]

Motto: JE SUIS PREST.[105]
[From French: "I am ready"].[104]

Chief: Simon Fraser, 18th Lord Lovat
Fullarton Crest: An otter’s head erased Gules

Motto: LUX IN TENEBRIS ["Light in darkness"]

Chief: none, armigerous clan.

Seat: barony of Fullarton, Ayrshire

Galbraith Clan member crest badge - Clan Galbraith.svg Crest: A bear's head couped Argent muzzled Azure.[citation needed]

Motto: AS OBICE SUAVIOR.[106]
[From Latin: "More smooth from an obstacle"].[107]

Chief: none, armigerous clan. The chiefs were The Galbraith of Culcreuch (untraceable since about 1700).[106]
Galloway Crest: A mound, bespread with the rays of the sun Proper embraced between two corn-ears in saltire, and ensigned with a crosslet Or

Motto: HIGHER

Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Gardyne Crest: Two dexter hands conjoined Proper upholding a cross crosslet fitchée Or

Motto: CRUCIATA CRUCE JUNGUNTUR ["Troubles are connected with the cross"]

Chief: none, armigerous clan.[108]

Seat: Gardyne Castle

Gartshore Crest: An eagle displayed Proper

Motto: RENEW MY AGE

Chief: none, armigerous clan.

Seat: Gartshore, Kirkintilloch, Dunbartonshire

Gayre Chief: Reinold Gayre of Gayre and Nigg
Ged Clan member crest badge - Clan Ged.svg Crest: A pike's head Proper.[109]

Motto: DURAT DITAT PLACET.[109]
[from Latin: "It sustains, it enriches, it pleases"].[109]

Chief: none, armigerous clan. The crest, of a pike, is a pun on the clan name Ged. A ged is the heraldic term for a pike.
Gibsone Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Gladstains Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Glas Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Glen Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Glendinning Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Gordon Clan member crest badge - Clan Gordon.svg Crest: Issuant from a crest coronet Or a stag's head (affrontée) Proper attired with ten tines Or.[110]

Motto: BYDAND
["abiding, steadfast", an adjectival use of the Middle Scots present participle of bide[111] or from Latin: "Remaining"[110]].
Badge: ivy[33]

Chief: Granville Charles Gomer Gordon, 13th Marquess of Huntly

Seat: Aboyne Castle, Aberdeenshire

Graham Clan member crest badge - Clan Graham.svg Crest: A falcon Proper, beaked and armed Or, killing a stork Argent, Armed Gules.[112]

Motto: NE OUBLIE.[112]
["Do not forget"].[112]
Badge: spurge laurel[33]

Chief: James Graham, 8th Duke of Montrose

Seat: Buchanan Castle, Stirlingshire

Grant Clan member crest badge - Clan Grant.svg Crest: A burning hill Proper.[113]

Motto: CRAIG ELACHIE.[113]
[from Scottish Gaelic: "The rock of alarm"].[113]
Badge: pine (Scots fir)[33]

Chief: James Patrick Trevor Grant of Grant, 6th Baron Strathspey
Gray Clan member crest badge - Clan Gray.svg Crest: An anchor in pale Or.[114]

Motto: ANCHOR FAST ANCHOR.[115]

Chief: none, armigerous clan. In 1950 the Lord Lyon barred those with double-barrelled names from the chiefship of clans. At the time Lord Gray had been chief of Clan Gray.[115]
Gregor Clan member crest badge - Clan Gregor.svg Crest: A lion's head erased Proper, crowned with an antique crown Or.[116]

'Motto: S RIOGHAL MO DHREAM.[116]
[from Scottish Gaelic: "My race is royal"].[116]
Badge: pine (Scots fir)[33]

Chief: Sir Malcolm Gregor MacGregor of MacGregor, 7th Bart.
Grierson Clan member crest badge - Clan Grierson.svg Crest: A fetterlock Argent.[117]

Motto: HOC SECURIOR.[118]
[from Latin: "More secure by this"].[117]

Chief: Sarah Grierson of Lag
Gunn Clan member crest badge - Clan Gunn.svg Crest: A dexter hand wielding a sword in bend Proper.[119]

Motto: AUT PAX AUT BELLUM.[119]
[from Latin: Either peace or war"].[119]
Badge: juniper,[33] or roseroot[96]

Chief: none, The elements within the crest badge are not derived from the chiefly arms. No undifferenced arms of the name Gunn have ever been recorded.
Guthrie Clan member crest badge - Clan Guthrie.svg Crest: A dexter arm holding a drawn sword Proper.[120]

Motto: STO PRO VERITATE.[121]
[from Latin: "I stand for the truth"].[120]

Chief: Alexander Guthrie of Guthrie
Haig Clan member crest badge - Clan Haig.svg Crest: A rock Proper.[122]

Motto: TYDE WHAT MAY.[122]

Chief: George Alexander Eugene Douglas Haig, 2nd Earl Haig
Haldane Clan member crest badge - Clan Haldane.svg Crest: An eagle's head erased Or[123]

Motto: SUFFER.[124]

Chief: Martin Haldane of Gleneagles

Seat: Gleneagles, Perthshire

Haliburton Crest: A negro’s head couped at the shoulders and armed with a helmet Proper

Motto: WATCH WELL

Chief: none, armigerous clan.

Seat: Haliburton, Berwickshire

Halkerston Crest: A falcon’s head erased Proper

Motto: IN ARDUA NITOR
["I endeavour in difficulties"]

Chief: none, armigerous clan.

Seat: Rathillet, Fife

Halket Crest: A falcon’s head erased Proper

Motto: FIDES SUFFICIT ["Faith is sufficient"]

Chief: none, armigerous clan.

Seat: Pitfirran, Fife

Hall Crest: A Talbot's head

Motto: Vive Ut Vivas ["Live, So That You May Live"] " –

Chief: none, armigerous clan.

Seat: Liddesdale, Roxburghshire

Hamilton Clan member crest badge - Clan Hamilton.svg Crest: In a ducal cornet an oak tree fructed and penetrated transversely in the main stem by a frame saw Proper, the frame Or.[125]

Motto: THROUGH.[125]

Chief: Alexander Douglas-Hamilton, 16th Duke of Hamilton
Hannay Clan member crest badge - Clan Hannay.svg Crest: A cross crosslet fitchée issuing out of a crescent Sable.[126]

Motto: PER ARDUA AD ALTA.[126]
["Through difficulties to higher things"].[126]

Chief: David Hannay of Kirkdale and of that Ilk.
Hay Crest: Issuing out of a crest coronet a falcon volant Proper, armed, jessed and belted Or.[127]

Motto: SERVA JUGUM.[127]
["Keep the yoke"].[127]
Badge: mistletoe[33]

Chief: Merlin Sereld Victor Gilbert Moncreiffe, 24th Earl of Erroll
Henderson Crest: A cubit arm Proper the hand holding an estoile Or surmounted by a crescent Azure.[128]

Motto: SOLA VIRTUS NOBILITAT.[128]
["Virtue alone ennobles"].[128]
Badge: cotton grass[33]

Chief: Alistair Donald Henderson of Fordell
Hepburn Clan member crest badge - Clan Hepburn.svg Crest: A horse's head couped Argent, bridled Gules.[129]

Motto: KEEP TRYST.[130]

Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Heron Crest: A Demi lion Argent holding in his dexter paw a cross crosslet fitchée Gules

Motto: PAR VALEUR ["By bravery"]

Chief: none, armigerous clan.

Seat: Heron, Kirkcudbrightshire

Herries Crest: A stag's head with ten tynes Argent.[131]

Motto: DOMINUS DEDIT.[132]
[from Latin: "The Lord has given"].[131]

Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Hog Crest: An oak tree Proper

Motto: DAT GLORIA VIRES ["A good name gives strength"]

Chief: none, armigerous clan.

Seat: Newliston House, Kirkliston, Lothian

Home Clan member crest badge - Clan Home.svg Crest: On a cap of maintenance Proper, a lion's head erased Argent.[133]

Motto: A HOME. A HOME. A HOME.[133]
Badge: broom[33]

Chief: David Douglas-Home, 15th Earl of Home
Hope Clan member crest badge - Clan Hope.svg Crest: A broken terrestrial globe surmounted by a rainbow issuing out of a cloud at each end all Proper.[134]

Motto: AT SPES INFRACTA.[135]
[from Latin: "But hope is unbroken"].[134]

Chief: Sir John Hope of Craighall, Bt. The motto is a pun on the clan name.
Hopkirk Crest: A dexter hand in armour erect and couped at the elbow the hand Proper pointing to a crescent in dexter chief Argent

Motto: SPERO PROCEDERE ["I hope to prosper"]

Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Horsburgh Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Houston Clan member crest badge - Clan Houston.svg Crest: A sand-glass Proper.[136]

Motto: IN TIME.[137]

Chief: none, armigerous clan. Seat: Houston
Hunter Crest: A greyhound sejant Proper, gorged with an antique crown Or.[138]

Motto: CURSUM PERFICIO.[138]
[from Latin: "I accomplish the hunt"].[138]

Chief: Pauline Hunter of Hunterston Seat: Hunterston
Hutton Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Inglis Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Innes Clan member crest badge - Clan Innes.svg Crest: A boar's head erased Proper.[139]

Motto: BE TRAIST.[139]
Badge: great bulrush[33]

Chief: none, armigerous clan. The Duke of Roxburghe is undoubtedly the Chief of Clan Innes, however he cannot be so recognised as retains the name Innes-Ker.[140]
Irvine Crest: A sheaf of Holly consisting of nine leaves Vert slipped and banded Gules.[141]

Motto: SUB SOLE SUB UMBRA VIRENS.[141]
[From Latin: "Flourishing both in sunshine and in shade"].[141]

Chief: David Charles Irvine of Drum.

Seat: Drum Castle, Aberdeenshire

Jardine Clan member crest badge - Clan Jardine.svg Crest: A spur rowel of six points Proper.[142]

Motto: CAVE ADSUM.[142]
["Beware i am present"].[142]

Chief: Sir William Murray Jardine of Applegirth, 13th Bt.
Johnstone Clan member crest badge - Clan Johnstone.svg Crest: A winged spur Or.[143]

Motto: NUNQUAM NON PARATUS.[143]
[from Latin: "Never unprepared"].[143]
Badge: red hawthorn[33]

Chief: Patrick Andrew Wentworth Johnstone of Annandale and of that Ilk, 11th Earl of Annandale and Hartfell
Keith Crest: Out of a crest coronet Or, a roebuck's head Proper, attired Or.[144]

Motto: VERITAS VINCIT.[144]
[from Latin: "Truth conquers"].[144]

Chief: James William Falconer Keith, 14th Earl of Kintore

Seat: [1] Keith Hall, Aberdeenshire

Kelly Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Kennedy Clan member crest badge - Clan Kennedy.svg Crest: A dolphon naiant Proper.[145]

Motto: AVISE LA FIN.[145]
["Consider the end"].[145]
Badge: oak[33]

Chief: Archibald Angus Charles Kennedy, 8th Marquess of Ailsa
Kerr Clan member crest badge - Clan Kerr.svg Crest: The sun in his spledour Or.[146]

Motto: SERO SED SERIO.[146]
["Late but in earnest"].[146]

Chief: Michael Andrew Foster Jude Kerr, 13th Marquess of Lothian
Kincaid Crest: A triple towered castle Argent, masoned Sable, and issuing from the centre tower a dexter arm from the shoulder embowed, vested in the proper tartan of Kincaid and grasping a drawn sword all Proper.[147]

Motto: THIS I"LL DEFEND.[147]

Chief: Arabella Kincaid of Kincaid
Kinloch Crest: A young eagle perched and looking up to the sun in splendour all Proper

Motto: NON DEGENER ["Not degenerate"]

Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Kinnaird Crest: A crescent arising from a cloud having a star issuing from between its horns, all within two branches of palm disposed in orle Proper.[148]

Motto: ERRANTIA LUMINA FALLUNT.[149]
[from Latin: "Wandering lights deceive"].[148]

Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Kinnear Clan member crest badge - Clan Kinnear.svg Crest: Two anchors in saltire Proper.[150]

Motto: I LIVE IN HOPE.[150]

Chief: The Clan, although not ruled by a Chief, has a senior male in the way of Malcolm MacIntyre Kinnear armigerous clan.
Kinninmont Clan member crest badge - Clan Kinninmont.svg Crest: An oak tree Vert.[151]

Motto: STABO.[151]
["I shall stand"].[151]

Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Kirkcaldy Crest: A man’s head with the face looking upwards Proper

Motto: FORTISSIMA VERITAS
["Truth is the strongest"]

Chief: none, armigerous clan.

Seat: Kirkcaldy, Fife

Kirkpatrick Kirkpatrick crest.png Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Laing Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Lammie Crest: A hand Proper holding a crosier Or

Motto: PER VARIOS CASUS
["By various fortunes"]

Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Lamont Clan member crest badge - Clan Lamont.svg Crest: A dexter hand couped at the wrist Proper.[152]

Motto: NE PARCUS NEC SPERNAS.[152]
["Neither spare nor dispose"].[152]
["Neither spare nor scorn"].[153]
Badge: crab-apple tree,[33] trefoil[59] or dryas[96]

Chief: The Rev. Father Peter Lamont of that Ilk
Langlands Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Learmonth Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Leask Clan member crest badge - Clan Leask.svg Crest: A crescent Argent.[154]

Motto: VIRTUTE CRESCO.[155]
[from Latin: "I grow by virtue"].[154]

Chief: Jonathan Leask of that Ilk.
Lennox Clan member crest badge - Clan Lennox.svg Crest: Two broadswords in saltire behind a swan's head and neck all Proper.[156]

Motto: I'LL DEFEND.[156]

Chief: Edward Lennox of that Ilk
Leslie Clan member crest badge - Clan Leslie.svg Crest: A demi griffin Proper, armed, beaked and winged Or.[157]

Motto: GRIP FAST.[157]

Chief: James Malcolm David Leslie, 22nd Earl of Rothes
Lindsay Clan member crest badge - Clan Lindsay.svg Crest: Issuing from an antique ducal coronet Or, the head, neck and wings of a swan Proper.[158]

Motto: ENDURE FORT.[158]
["Endure boldly"].[158]

Chief: Robert Alexander Lindsay, 29th Earl of Crawford and 12th Earl of Balcarres
Little Clan member crest badge - Clan Little.svg Crest:A demi lion Sable powdered with saltires Argent, armed Gules, in dexter paw a cutlass Proper and in sinister a saltire Argent

Motto:Concedo nulli or Fidei coticula crux

Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Lockhart Clan member crest badge - Clan Lockhart.svg Crest: On a chapeau Gules furred Ermine a boar's head erased Argent, langued Gules.[159]

Motto: CORDA SERRATA PANDO.[160]
[from Latin: "I open locked hearts"].[159]

Chief: Angus Lockhart of The Lee The motto is a pun on the clan name.
Logan Clan member crest badge - Clan Logan.svg Crest: A passion nail piercing a human heart, Proper.[161]

Motto: HOC MAJORUM VIRTUS.[162]
[from Latin: "This is valour of my ancestors"].[163]
Badge: furze[33]

Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Logie Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Lumsden Clan member crest badge - Clan Lumsden.svg Crest: Issuant from a crest coronet Or a naked arm grasping a sword Proper.[164]

Motto: AMOR PATITUR MORAS.[164]
["Love endures delays"].[164]

Chief: Gillem Lumsden of that Ilk
Lundin Crest: A lion Gules, issuant from an antique crown Or, holding in its dexter paw a sword erect and in its sinister a thistle slipped both Proper

Motto: DEI DONO SUM QUOD SUM
["By the grace of God I am what I am"]

Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Lyle Crest: A cock Or, crested and barbed Gules

Motto: AN I MAY

Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Lyon Crest: Within a garland of bay leaves, a lady from the middle richly attired, holding in her dexter hand a thistle all Proper.[165]

Motto: IN TE DOMINE SPERAVI.[166]
[from Latin: "In Thee O Lord have I put my trust"].[165]

Chief: Michael Fergus Bowes-Lyon, 18th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne The crest alludes to the alliance of Sir John Lyon with the daughter of Robert II, Princess Jean.[165]
MacAlister Macalister crest.gif Crest: A dexter arm in armour erect, the hand holding a dagger in pale all Proper.[167]

Motto: FORTITER.[167]
["Boldly"].[167]
Badge: common heath[33]

Chief: William MacAlester of Loup and Kennox
MacAulay Clan member crest badge - Clan MacAulay.svg Crest: A boot couped at the ankle and theron a spur Proper.[168]

Motto: DULCE PERICULUM.[168]
[from Latin: "Danger is sweet"].[168] or "Sweet danger"].[169]
Badge: pine (Scots fir), or cranberry[33]

Chief: none, armigerous clan. No chiefly arms have been recorded in the Lyon Register.
MacBain Clan member crest badge - Clan MacBain.svg Crest: A grey demi-cat-a-mountain salient, on his sinister foreleg a Highland targe Gules.[170]

Motto: TOUCH NOT A CATT BOT A TARGE.[170]
Badge: boxwood, or red whortleberry[33]

Chief: James McBain of McBain
MacBrayne Chief: none, armigerous clan.
MacDonald Macdonald crest.gif Crest: On a crest coronet Or, a hand in armour fessways couped at the elbow Proper holding a cross crosslet fitchée Gules.[171]

Motto: PER MARE PER TERRAS.[171]
["By sea and land"].[171]
Badge: common heath (Scots heather)[33]

Chief: Godfrey James Macdonald of Macdonald, 8th Baron Macdonald of Slate
MacDonald of Clanranald Clanranald crest.jpg Crest: A triple-towered castle Argent masoned Sable, and issuing from the centre tower a dexter arm in armour embowed grasping a sword all Proper.[172]

Motto: MY HOPE IS CONSTANT IN THEE.[172]
Badge: common heath (Scots heather)[33]

Chief: Ranald Alexander MacDonald, Captain of Clanranald
MacDonald of Keppoch Badge: common heath (Scots heather), or white heather[33] Chief: Ranald Macdonald of Keppoch
MacDonald of Sleat Clan member crest badge - Clan Macdonald of Sleat.svg Crest: A hand in armour fesswise holding a cross crosslet fitchée Gules.[173]

Motto: PER MARE PER TERRAS.[173]
["By sea and land"].[173]

Chief: Sir Ian MacDonald of Sleat, Bt.
MacDonell of Glengarry Clan member crest badge - Clan Macdonell of Glengarry.svg Crest: A raven Proper perching on a rock Azure.[174]

Motto: CRAGAN AN FHITHICH.[174]
[from Scottish Gaelic: "The rock of the raven"].[174]
Badge: common heath[33]

Chief: Ranald MacDonnell of Glengarry
MacDougall Clan member crest badge - Clan MacDougall.svg Crest: (On a chapeau Gules furred Ermine) a dexter arm in armour embowed fessways couped Proper, holding a cross crosslet fitchée erect Gules.[175]

Motto: BUAIDH NO BAS.[175]
[from Scottish Gaelic: "To conquer or die"].[175]
Badge: bell heather[33]

Chief: Madame Morag MacDougall of MacDougall
Macdowall Clan member crest badge - Clan Macdowall.svg Crest: (issuant from a crest coronet Or) A lion's paw erased and erected Proper holding a dagger point upwards Proper, hilted and pommelled Or.[176]

Motto: VINCERE VEL MORI.[177]
[from Latin: "To conquer or die"].[176]

Chief: Fergus D. H. McDowall of Garthland
MacDuff Clan member crest badge - Clan Macduff.svg Crest: A demi-lion Gules holding in the dexter paw a broadsword erected in pale Proper, hilted and pommelled Or.[178]

Motto: DEUS JUVAT.[178]
[from Latin: "God assists"].[178]
Badge: boxwood or red whortleberry[33]

Chief: none, armigerous clan.
MacEwen Clan member crest badge - Clan MacEwen.svg Crest: A trunk of an oak tree sprouting Proper.[179]

Motto: REVIRESCO.[179]
["I grow strong again"].[179]

Chief: none, armigerous clan. This motto is not from the chiefly arms, but is derived from the arms of the McEwen baronets.[180]
Macfarlane Crest: A demi-savage brandishing in his dexter hand a broad sword Proper and pointing with his sinister to an Imperial Crown Or standing by him on the Wreath.[181]

Motto: THIS I'LL DEFEND[181]
Badge: cranberry or cloudberry[33]

Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Macfie Clan member crest badge - Clan Macfie.svg Crest: A demi lion rampant Proper.[182]

Motto: PRO REGE.[182] ["For the king"].[182]
Badge: pine (Scots fir), oak or crowberry[33]

Chief: none, armigerous clan. This motto is not from the chiefly arms, but is derived from a coat of arms registered in 1864. The Macfies are one of the clans of Siol Alpin, it has been claimed that the motto was chosen in reference to Alpin father of Cináed mac Ailpín traditional first king of Scots.
Macgillivray Clan member crest badge - Macgillivray.svg Crest: A cat-a-mountain sejuant guardant Proper, his dexter fore-paw on the ground, his sinister in a guardant posture and his tail reflexed under his sinister paw.[183]

Motto: TOUCH NOT THIS CAT[183]

Chief: none, armigerous clan.

Badge: boxwood or red whortleberry[33]

MacInnes Clan member crest badge - Clan MacInnes.svg Crest: A sinister arm from the shoulder bendways, attired in the close sleeve of the proper tartan of Clan Aonghais, cuff flashes yellow with three buttons Or, grasping a bow Vert, stringed Gules.[184]

Motto: GHIFT DHE AGUS AN RIGH
[from Scottish Gaelic: "By the grace of God and king"].[184]
Badge: holly[33]

Chief: none, armigerous clan. This motto is not derived from the chiefly arms, but from a modern coat of arms (from the arms of MacInnes of Malagawatch).[185]
MacIntyre Clan member crest badge - Clan MacIntyre.svg Crest: A dexter hand holding a dagger in pale Proper.[186]

Motto: PER ARDUA.[186]
[from Latin: "Through difficulties"].[186]
Badge: common heath[33] or White Heather

Chief: Donald R. MacIntyre of Glenoe

Seat: Glenoe, Argyll and Bute

MacIver Clan member crest badge - Clan MacIver.svg Crest: A boar's head couped Or.[187]

Motto: NUNQUAM OBLIVISCAR.[187]
[from Latin: "I will never forget"].[187]

Chief: none, armigerous clan. Both crest and motto are very similar to the Campbell crest badge.
Mackall Crest:A banner bearer in seventeenth-century dress bearing a banner Azure, a saltire Argent

Motto: FIDELIS USQUE AD MORTEM.[from Latin: "Faithful even unto death"] Warcry: AD ULITMUM.[from Latin: "To the last"] Badge: Hazel or Heather

Chief: none, armigerous clan.

Commander: none, armigerous clan. Captain: Ray Rolla McCall, Esq.

Mackay Clan member crest badge - Clan Mackay.svg Crest: A dexter arm erect couped at the elbow the hand grasping a dagger also erect all Proper.[188]

Motto: MANU FORTI.[188]
[from Latin: "With a strong hand"].[188]
Badge: great bulrush[33] or broom[96]

Chief: Hugh William Mackay, 14th Lord Reay
Mackenzie Mackenzie crest.gif Crest: A mount in flames Proper.[189]

Motto: LUCEO NON URO.[189]
[from Latin: "I shine not burn"].[189]
Badge: variegated holly or deer's grass (heath club rush)[33]

Chief: John Ruaridh Grant MacKenzie, 5th Earl of Cromartie

Seat: Castle Leod, Ross-shire

The crest and motto within the crest badge are derived from that of the Macleods of Lewis. In the 17th century Mackenzie of Kintail took possession of Lewis, married a daughter of Macleod of Lewis, and added Macleod of Lewis's arms to that of his own. Even today the chiefs of Clan Mackenzie are styled Baron Macleod of Castle Leod.

Innes of Learney claimed that heath club rush ('deer's grass') may be confused with club moss ('staghorn moss'). Club moss has also been attributed to the Macraes, who were the Mackenzie's "shirt of mail". Even if it is a confusion both 'deer's grass' and 'staghorn moss' likely refer to caberfeidh ("deer's antlers") in the Mackenzie chiefly arms.[33]

Mackie Clan member crest badge - Clan Mackie.svg Crest: A raven Proper.[190]

Motto: LABORA.[190]
[from Latin: "Endeavour"].[190]

Chief: none, armigerous clan. Derived from the arms of Mackie of Larg. The Mackies of Larg were the principal branch of the clan.[190]
Mackinnon Crest: A boar's head erased and holding in its mouth the shank of a deer all Proper.[191]

Motto: ADENTES FORTUNA JUVAT.[191]
[from Latin: "Fortune assists the daring"].[191]
Badge: pine (Scots Fir) or St John's wort (St. Columba's flower)[33]

Chief: Madam Anne Mackinnon of Mackinnon.
Mackintosh Clan member crest badge - Clan Mackintosh.svg Crest: A cat-a-mountain salient guardant Proper.[192]

Motto: TOUCH NOT THE CAT BOT A GLOVE.[192]
Badge: red whortleberry, bearberry[33] or boxwood[59]

Chief: John Lachaln Mackintosh of Mackintosh
Maclachlan Clan member crest badge - Clan Maclachlan.svg Crest: (Issuant from a crest coronet of four (three visible) strawberry leaves Or) a castle set upon a rock all Proper.[193]

Motto: FORTIS ET FIDUS.[193]
[from Latin: "Brave and faithful"].[193]
Badge: rowan (mountain ash)[33][194] or lesser periwinkle[194]

Chief: Euan Maclachlan of Maclachlan.
Maclaine of Lochbuie Clan member crest badge - Clan Maclaine of Lochbuie.svg Crest: A branch of laurel and a branch of cypress in saltire surmounted of a battle axe in pale all Proper.[195]

Motto: VINCERE VEL MORI.[195]
[from Latin: "To conquer or die"].[195]
Badge: bilberry (blaeberry), bramble,[33] holly or black berry heath[96]

Chief: Lorne MacLaine of Lochbuie
MacLaren Clan member crest badge - Clan MacLaren.svg Crest: A lion's head erased Sable crowned with an antique crown of six (four visible) points Or, between two branches of laurel issuing from the Wreath at either side of the head both Proper.[196]

Motto: CREAG AN TUIRC.[196]
[from Scottish Gaelic: "The boar's rock"].[196]
Badge: laurel[33]

Chief: Donald MacLaren of MacLaren and Achleskine
MacLea or Livingstone Clan member crest badge - Clan MacLea.svg Crest: A demi-man representing the figure of Saint Moluag Proper, his head ensigned of a circle of glory Or, having about his shoulders a cloak Vert, holding in his dexter hand the great Staff of Saint Moluag Proper and in his sinister hand a cross crosslet fitchée Azure.[197]

Motto: CNOC AINGEIL.[198]
[from Scottish Gaelic: "Hill of Fire"]

Chief: Niall Livingstone of Bachuil A very modern slogan which appears in the arms of the current chief. It refers to a hill on the Isle of Lismore.
Maclean Clan member crest badge - Clan Maclean.svg Crest: A tower embattled Argent.[199]

Motto: VIRTUE MINE HONOUR.[199]
Badge: crowberry[33] or holly[59]

Chief: Major The Hon Sir Lachlan MacLean of Duart and Morvern, Bt.
MacLellan MacLellan crest.png Crest: A naked arm supporting on the point of a sword, a moor's head.[200]

Motto: THINK ON.[201]

Chief: none, armigerous clan. Lord Kirkcudbright's crest alludes to the tradition that a MacLellan killed an Irish bandit which had terrorised the lands around Kirkcudbright. The king offered anyone who brought the bandit in, dead or alive, the barony of Bomby. When the king appeared to forget his promise, MacLellan supposedly exclaimed "Think on!".[201] See Black Morrow for more info.
MacLennan Crest: A demi-piper all Proper, garbed in the proper tartan of the Clan Maclennan.[202]

Motto: DUM SPIRO SPERO.[202]
[from Latin: "While i breathe i hope"].[202]
Badge: furze[33]

Chief: Ruairidh MacLennan of MacLennan
Macleod Clan member crest badge - Clan Macleod.svg Crest: A bull's head cabossed Sable, horned Or, between two flags Gules, staved at the First.[203]

Motto: HOLD FAST.[203]
Badge: juniper[33]

Chief: Hugh Magnus MacLeod of MacLeod

Seat: Dunvegan Castle, Isle of Skye

Macleod of the Lewes Clan member crest badge - Clan Macleod of the Lewes.svg Crest: The sun in splendor, Proper.[citation needed]

Motto: I BIRN QUHIL I SE.[citation needed]
Badge: red whortleberry[33]

Chief: Torquil MacLeod of the Lewes
MacMillan Clan member crest badge - Clan Macmillan.svg Crest: A dexter and a sinister hand issuing from a Wreath grasping and brandishing aloft a two-handed sword Proper.[204]

Motto: MISERIS SUCCURRERE DISCO.[204]
[from Latin: "I learn to succour the unfortunate"].[204]
Badge: holly[33]

Chief: George MacMillan of Macmillan and Knap
Macnab Clan member crest badge - Clan Macnab.svg Crest: The head of a savage affrontée proper.[205]

Motto: TIMOR OMMIS ABESTO.[205]
[from Latin: "Let fear be far from all"].[205]
Badge: stone bramble[33] or common heath[59]

Chief: James Macnab of Macnab
Macnaghten Clan member crest badge - Clan Macnaghten.svg Crest: A tower embattled Gules.[206]

Motto: I HOIP IN GOD.[206]
Badge: trailing azalea[33]

Chief: Sir Patrick Macnaghten of Macnaghten, Bt.
MacNeacail Clan member crest badge - Clan MacNeacail.svg Crest: A hawk's head erased Gules.[207]

Motto: SGORR-A-BHREAC.[207]

Chief: John MacNeacail of MacNeacail and Scorrybreac
MacNeil Clan member crest badge - Clan MacNeil.svg Crest: On a chapeau Gules furred Ermine, a rock Proper.[208]

Motto: BUAIDH NO BAS.[208]
[from Scottish Gaelic: "To conquer or die"].[208]
Badge: dryas[33] or trefoil[59]

Chief: Ian R. MacNeil of Barra The clan badge may actually be attributed to the McNeills of Gigha, a branch of Clan MacNeil. Trefoil has also been atrributed to the Lamonts, another clan in Argyl. The Lamonts and MacNeils/McNeills both claim descent from the same O'Neill who settled in Scotland in the Middle Ages.
Macpherson Clan member crest badge - Clan Macpherson 2.svg Crest: A cat sejant Proper.[209]

Motto: TOUCH NOT THE CAT BUT A GLOVE.[209]
Badge: white heather,[33] boxwood or red whortleberry[59]

Chief: Sir William Macpherson of Cluny
Macquarrie Clan member crest badge - Clan Macquarrie.svg Badge: pine (Scots fir)[33] Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Macqueen Clan member crest badge - Clan Macqueen.svg Crest: An heraldic tyger rampant Ermine holding an arrow, point downwards Argent pheoned Gules.[210]

Motto: CONSTANT AND FAITHFUL.[210]
Badge: boxwood or red whortleberry[33]

Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Macrae Clan member crest badge - Clan Macrae.svg Crest: A cubit arm grasping a sword all Proper.[211]

Motto: FORTITUDINE.[211]
[from Latin: "With fortitude"].[211]
Badge: club moss[33]

Chief: none, armigerous clan. Club moss sometimes referred to as staghorn grass, may refer to the Mackenzie chiefly arms, or at least the Macrae's close association with the Mackenzies.[33]
MacTavish Clan member crest badge - Clan MacTavish.svg Crest: A boar's head erased Or langued Proper.[212]

Motto: NON OBLITUS.[213]
[from Latin: "Not forgetful"].[214]

Chief: Steven MacTavish of Dunardry Both the crest and motto echo those from the chief of Clan Campbell. The MacTavishes had been considered a part of Clan Campbell until 1997 when "Chief of the Clan MacTavish" was recognised by the Lord Lyon. The motto is a response to the Campbell chief's NE OBLIVISCARIS ("Do not forget").[214]
MacThomas Clan member crest badge - Clan MacThomas.svg Crest: A demi-cat-a-mountain rampant guardant Proper, grasping in his dexter paw a serpent Vert, langued Gules, its tail environing the sinister paw.[215]

Motto: DEO JUVANTE INVIDIAM SUPERABO.[215]
[from Latin: "I will overcome envy with God's help"].[215]

Chief: Andrew MacThomas of Finegand
Maitland Clan member crest badge - Clan Maitland.svg Crest: A lion sejant affrontée Gules, ducally crowned Proper, in his dexter paw a sword Proper hilted and pommelled Or, in his sinister a fleur de lis Azure.[216]

Motto: CONSILIO ET ANIMIS.[217]
[from Latin: "By wisdom and courage"].[216]

Chief: Ian Maitland, 18th Earl of Lauderdale
Makgill Clan member crest badge - Clan Makgill.svg Crest: A phoenix in flames Proper.[218]

Motto: SINE FINE.[219]
["Without end"].[218]

Chief: Ian Arthur Alexander Makgill, 14th Viscount of Oxfuird
Malcolm (MacCallum) Clan member crest badge - Clan Malcolm (Maccalum).svg Crest: A tower Argent, window and port Azure.[220]

Motto: IN ARDUA TENDIT.[220]
["He has attempted difficult things"].[220]
Badge: rowan berries[33]

Chief: Robin Malcolm of Poltalloch
Mar Crest: On a chapeau Gules furred Ermine, two wings, each of ten pen feathers, erected and addorsed, both blazoned as in the Arms.[221]

Motto: PANS PLUS.[221]
[from French: "Thinks more"].[221]

Chief: Margaret of Mar, 30th Countess of Mar
Marjoribanks Clan member crest badge - Clan Marjoribanks.svg Crest: A demi-griffin Proper, issuant from a crest coronet Or.[222]

Motto: ET CUSTOS ET PUGNAX.[223]
["Both a preserver and a champion"].[222]

Chief: Andrew George Marjoribanks of that Ilk
Masterton Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Matheson Clan member crest badge - Clan Matheson.svg Crest: Issuant from an antique crown Or, a hand brandishing a scimitar fessways all Proper.[224]

Motto: FAC ET SPERA.[224]
["Do and hope"].[224]
Badge: broom or holly[33]

Chief: Fergus John Matheson of Matheson, 7th Bt.
Maule Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Maxton Clan member crest badge - Clan Maxton.svg Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Maxwell Crest: A stag Proper, attired Argent, couchant before a Holly bush proper.[225]

Motto: REVIRESCO.[225]
["I grow strong again"].[225]

Chief: none, armigerous clan.
McCorquodale Clan member crest badge - Clan McCorquodale.svg Crest: A stag at gaze Proper attired Gules.[226]

Motto: VIVAT REX.[226]
[from Latin: "Long live the king"].[226]

Chief: none, armigerous clan.
McCulloch Crest: A hand throwing a dart Proper

Motto: VI ET ANIMO ["By strength and courage"]

Chief: none, armigerous clan.
McKerrell Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Meldrum Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Melville Crest: A ratch hound's head erased Proper, collared Gules.[227]

Motto: DENIQUE COELUM.[228]
[from Latin: "Heaven at last"].[227]

Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Menzies Clan member crest badge - Clan Menzies.svg Crest: A savage head erased Proper.[229]

Motto: VIL GOD I SAL.[229]
Badge: menzie's heath[33]

Chief: David R.S. Menzies of Menzies
Mercer Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Middleton Clan member crest badge - Clan Middleton.svg Crest: Issuing out of a tower Sable, a lion rampant Gules, armed and langued Azure.[230]

Motto: FORTIS IN ARDUS.[231]
[from Latin: "Brave in difficulty"].[230]

Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Moffat Clan member crest badge - Clan Moffat.svg Crest: A crest coronet and issuing therefrom a cross crosslet fitchée Sable surmounted of a saltire Argent.[232]

Motto: SPERO MELIORA.[233]
[from Latin: "I hope for better things"].[232]

Chief: Jean Moffat of that Ilk
Moncreiffe Clan member crest badge - Clan Moncreiffe.svg Crest: Issuing from a crest coronet Or, a demi-lion rampant Gules, armed and langued Azure.[234]

Motto: SUR ESPERANCE.[234]
["Upon hope"].[234]
Badge: oak[235]

Chief: Peregrine Moncreiffe of that Ilk Oak-leaves appear on a stone carving of the 12th laird's heraldic mantling of 1634.[235]
Moncur Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Monteith Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Montgomery Clan member crest badge - Clan Montgomery.svg Crest: A lady dressed in ancient apparel Azure holding in her dexter hand an anchor and in her sinister hand the head of a savage couped suspended by the hair all Proper.[236]

Motto: GARDE BIEN.[236]
[from French: "Watch well"].[236]

Chief: Archibald George Montgomerie, 18th Earl of Eglinton and 6th Earl of Winton
Monypenny Crest: A figure representing Neptune, namely a naked man, bearded Proper, crowned with an antique crown Vert, bestriding a dolphin naiant Or, finned Gules, in waves of the sea Argent and Azure, holding in his sinister hand, bridling the dolphin Gules, and in his dexter hand

a trident Azure. Motto: IMPERAT AEQUOR ["He rules the sea"]

Chief: none, armigerous clan.

Seat: Pitmilly, Fife

Morrison Crest: Issuant from waves of the sea Azure crested Argent, a mount Vert, thereon a battlemented wall Azure masoned Argent, and issuing therefrom a cubit arm naked Proper, the hand grasping a dagger hilted Or.[237]

Motto: TEAGHLACH PHABBAY.[237]
[from Scottish Gaelic: "Pabbay family"].[237]
Badge: driftwood[33]

Chief: Dr. Iain Morrison of Ruchdi This motto refers to the chief's descent from the Morrison's of North Uist and Harris, rather than from the Morrisons of Lewis. The Morrisons of North Uist and Harris are not traditionally thought to be related to the Morrisons of Lewis.
Mouat Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Moubray Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Mow Clan member crest badge - Clan Mow.svg Crest: A phoenix rising out of the flames Proper.[238]

Motto: POST FUNERA FAENUS.[239]
[from Latin: "An interest after death"].[238]

Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Muir Clan member crest badge - Clan Muir.svg

Motto: DURUM PATIENTIA FRANGO.[240]

Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Muirhead Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Munro Clan member crest badge - Clan Munro.svg Crest: An eagle perching Proper.[241]

Motto: DREAD GOD.[241]
Badge: common club moss[33]

Chief: Hector W. Munro of Foulis

Seat: Foulis Castle, Ross-shire

Murray Murray Clan Badge.png Crest: On a Wreath Or and Sable a demi-savage Proper wreathed about the temples and waist with laurel, his arms extended and holding in the right hand a dagger, in the left a key all Proper.[242]

Motto: FURTH FORTUNE AND FILL THE FETTERS.[242]
Badge: butcher's broom or juniper[33]

Chief: Bruce Murray, 12th Duke of Atholl
Murray of Atholl Motto: TOUT PREST.[243]
Nairn Crest: A celestial globe on a stand Proper

Motto: PLUS ULTRA ["More beyond this"]

Chief: none, armigerous clan.

Seat: Nairn, Nairnshire

Napier Clan member crest badge - Clan Napier.svg Crest: A dexter arm erect couped below the elbow Proper, grasping a crescent Argent.[244]

Motto: SANS TACHE.[244]
["Without stain"].[244]

Chief: Francis Nigel Napier, 14th Lord Napier
Nesbitt Clan member crest badge - Clan Nesbitt.svg Crest: A boar passant Sable, armed Argent and langued Gules.[245]

Motto: I BYD IT.[246]

Chief: Mark Nesbitt of that Ilk
Nevoy Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Newlands Motto: HONOUR THE SPUR.[247] Chief: none, armigerous clan. The crest badge is not derived from the chiefly arms, but from a recently granted coat of arms.
Newton Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Nicolson Clan member crest badge - Clan Nicolson.svg Crest: A lion issuant Or armed and langued Gules.[248]

Motto: GENEROSITATE.[248]
["By generosity"].[248]
Badge: juniper[33]

Chief: Vacant[249]
Norvel Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Ochterlony Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Ogilvy Crest: A lady affrontée from the middle upward Proper in Azure vestments richly attired holding a portcullis Gules.[250]

Motto: A FIN.[250]
["To the end"].[250]
Badge: whitethorn,[33] hawthorn[96] or evergreen alkanet[59]

Chief: David George Patrick Coke Ogilvy, 8th Earl of Airlie
Oliphant Clan member crest badge - Clan Oliphant.svg Crest: A unicorn's head couped Argent armed and manned Or.[251]

Motto: TOUT POURVOIR.[251]
[from French: "Provide for all"].[251]
Badge: bull rush[59]

Chief: Richard Oliphant of that Ilk
Orrock Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Paisley Crest: A dexter arm from the shoulder in armour grasping a dagger all Proper

Motto: BE SURE

Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Paterson Crest: A dexter hand issuing out of a cloud holding a branch of laurel, all Proper

Motto: HUC TENDIMUS OMNES
["We all strive for this"]

Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Patullo Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Pennycook Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Pentland Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Peter Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Pitblado Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Pitcairn Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Pollock Clan member crest badge - Clan Pollock.svg Crest: A boar passant shot through with a dart Proper.[252]

Motto: AUDACTER ET STRENUE.[253]
[from Latin: "Boldly and readily"].[252]
[from Latin: "Boldly and strongly"].[254]

Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Polwarth Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Porterfield Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Preston Crest: An angel Proper

Motto: PRAESTO UT PRAESTEM
["I undertake what I may perform"]

Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Primrose Clan member crest badge - Clan Primrose.svg Crest: A demi-lion rampant Gules holding in his dexter paw a primrose Or.[255]

Motto: FIDE ET FIDUCIA.[256]
[from Latin: "By faith and trust"].[255]
[from Latin: "By faith and confidence"].[257]

Chief: Neil Primrose, 7th Earl of Rosebery
Pringle Clan member crest badge - Clan Pringle.svg Crest: An escallop Or.[258]

Motto: AMICITIA REDDIT HONORES.[259]

Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Purves Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Rait Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Ralston Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Ramsay Clan member crest badge - Clan Ramsay.svg Crest: A unicorn's head couped Argent armed Or.[260]

Motto: ORA ET LABORA[260]
[from Latin: "Pray and labour"].[261]
Badge: blue harebell[262]

Chief: James Hubert Ramsay, 17th Earl of Dalhousie
Rattray Clan member crest badge - Clan Rattray.svg Crest: Issuant from a crest coronet Or, a star Or and thereon a flaming heart Proper.[263]

Motto: SUPER SIDERA VOTUM.[264]
[from Latin: "My wishes are above the stars"].[263]

Chief: Lachlan Rattray
Renton Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Riddell Clan member crest badge - Clan Riddell.svg Crest: A demi greyhound Proper.[265]

Motto: I HOPE TO SHARE.[266]

Chief: Sir John Riddell of that Ilk, Bt.
Robertson Chief: Gilbert Robertson of Struan
Rollo Clan member crest badge - Clan Rollo.svg Crest: A stag's head couped Proper.[267]

Motto: LA FORTUNE PASSE PARTOUT.[268]
[from French: "Fortune passes over everywhere"].[267]

Chief: David Eric Howard Rollo, 14th Lord Rollo
Rose Clan member crest badge - Clan Rose.svg Crest: On a chapeau Gules furred Ermine, a harp Azure.[269]

Motto: CONSTANT AND TRUE.[269]
Badge: wild rosemary[33]

Chief: Anna Elizabeth Guillemard Rose of Kilravock
Ross Clan member crest badge - Clan Ross.svg A hand holding a garland of juniper Proper.[270]

Motto: SPEM SUCCESSUS ALIT.[270]
["Success nourishes hope"].[270]
Badge: juniper or bearberry[33]

Chief: David Campbell Ross of Ross and Balnagowan The 19th century historian W. F. Skene listed this clan's badge as uva ursi, which is sometimes known as bearberry.[271]
Rossie Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Russell Crest of Clan Russell.jpg Crest: A dexter hand holding a skene dubh and on the point thereof a pair of balances, all Proper.[272]

Motto: VIRTUS SINE MACULA.[272]
["Virtue without stain"].[272]

Chief: none, armigerous clan.[citation needed]

Aden in Aberdeenshire.[citation needed]

Rutherford Motto: NEC SORTE NEC FATO.
["Neither by strategy nor by chance"].
Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Ruthven Clan member crest badge - Clan Ruthven.svg Crest: A ram's head couped Sable armed Or.[273]

Motto: DEID SCHAW.[274]

Chief: Alexander Patrick Greysteil Ruthven, 2nd Earl of Gowrie
Sandilands Motto: SPERO MELIORA.[275]
["I hope for better things"].[276]
Chief: The Rt. Hon. the Lord Torphichen
Schaw Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Scott Clan member crest badge - Clan Scott.svg Crest: A stag trippant Proper, attired and unguled Or.[277]

Motto: AMO.[277]
["I love"].[277]

Chief: Richard Walter John Montagu-Douglas-Scott, 10th Duke of Buccleuch 12th Duke of Queensberry
Scrymgeour Crest: A lion's paw erased in bend Or holding a crooked sword or scymitar Argent.[278]

Motto: DISSIPATE.[279]
[from Latin: "Disperse"].[278]

Chief: Alexander Henry Scrymgeour of Dundee, 12th Earl of Dundee
Sempill Crest: A stag's head Argent attired with ten tynes Azure and collared with a prince's crown Or.[280]

Motto: KEEP TRVST.[281]

Chief: James William Stuart Whitmore Sempill, 21st Lord Sempill
Seton Crest: On a ducal coronet, a dragon Vert, spouting fire Proper, with wings elevated and charged with a star Argent

Motto: HAZARD YET FORWARD ON Badge: yew[33]

Chief: none, armigerous clan.

Seat: Seton Palace, East Lothian

The chiefs of Seton were the Lords Seton and Earls of Winton (first creation), whose titles and estates were confiscated due to their support of the Jacobite cause.
Shaw of Tordarroch Crest: A dexter cubit arm couped and holding a dagger erect and all Proper.[282]

Motto: FIDE ET FORTITUDINE.[282]
[from Latin: "By faith and fortitude"].[282]

Chief: John Shaw of Tordarroch
Sinclair Clan member crest badge - Clan Sinclair.svg Crest: A cock Proper, armed and beaked Or.[283]

Motto: COMMIT THY WORK TO GOD.[283]
Badge: furze (whin) or white clover[33]

Chief: Malcolm Ian Sinclair, 20th Earl of Caithness
Skene Crest: A dexter arm issuing from the shoulder out of a cloud, holding forth in the hand a triumphal crown, Proper.[284]

Motto: VIRTUTIS REGIA MERCES.[284]
[from Latin: "A palace the reward of bravery"].[284]

Chief: Danus Skene of Skene
Skirving Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Somerville Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Spalding Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Spens Clan member crest badge - Clan Spens.svg Crest: A hart's head erased Proper.[285]

Motto: SI DEUS QUIS CONTRA.[286]
[from Latin: "If God is for us, who is against us"].[285]

Chief: Patrick Spens, 4th Baron Spens The Spens heir has not yet contacted the Lord Lyon or the Standing Council of Scottish Chiefs[249]
Spottiswood Crest: An eagle rising Proper looking at the sun in his splendour Or

Motto: PATIOR UT POTIAR ["I suffer that I may obtain"]

Chief: none, armigerous clan.

Seat: Spottiswood, Gordon, Berwickshire

Stewart Clan member crest badge - Clan Stewart.svg Crest: A pelican Argent, winged Or, in her nest feeding her young, Proper.[287]

Motto: VIRECIT VULNERE VIRTUS.[287]
[from Latin: "Courage grows strong at a wound"].[287]
Badge: oak[33] or Thistle[citation needed]

Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Stewart of Appin Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Stirling Clan member crest badge - Clan Stirling.svg Crest: Issuing out of an antique coronet Or a hart's head couped Azure.[288]

Motto: GANG FORWARD.[289]

Chief: Francis John Stirling of Cadder
Strachan Crest: A demi stag springing Or holding a thistle in his mouth Proper.[290]

Motto: NON TIMEO SED CAVEO.[291]
[from Latin: "I do not fear but am careful"].[290]

Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Straiton Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Strange Chief: Timothy Strange of Balcaskie
Stuart of Bute Clan member crest badge - Clan Stuart of Bute.svg Crest: A demi-lion rampant Gules, armed and langued Azure.[292]

Motto: NOBILIS EST IRA LEONIS.[293]
[from Latin "The lion's anger is noble"].[292]

Chief: The Most Hon. the Marquess of Bute
Sutherland Clan member crest badge - Clan Sutherland.svg Crest: A cat-a-mountain sejant rampant Proper.[294]

Motto: SANS PEUR.[294]
["Without fear"].[294]
Badge: cotton sedge[33]

Chief: Elizabeth Millicent Sutherland, 24th Countess of Sutherland
Swinton Clan member crest badge - Clan Swinton.svg Crest: A boar chained to a tree Proper.[295]

Motto: J'ESPERE.[296]
[from French "I hope"].[295]

Chief: John Walter Swinton of that Ilk
Sydserf Crest: An eagle’s head couped Gules

Motto: VIRTUTE PROMOREO
["By virtue I prevail"]

Chief: none, armigerous clan.

Seat: Ruchlaw estate (see Stenton), East Lothian

Symmers Chief: none, armigerous clan.

Seat: Baljordie, Angus

Tailyour Crest: A hand holding a passion cross Gules

Motto: IN CRUCE SALUS
["Salvation from the cross"]

Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Tait Chief: none, armigerous clan.

Seat: Pirn, Tweeddale

Tennant Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Trotter Crest: A knight in armour Proper, holding his courser Argent caparisoned Gules.[297]

Motto: IN PROMPTU.[298]
[from Latin "In readiness"].[297]

Chief: Alexander Trotter of Mortonhall
Troup Crest: A hind’s head erased Proper

Motto: VERITAS VINCIT
["Truth conquers"]

Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Turnbull Crest: A bull's head.[299][unreliable source?]

Motto: I SAVED THE KING.[unreliable source?]

Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Tweedie Clan member crest badge - Clan Tweedie.svg Crest: A bull's head.[300]

Motto: THOL AND THINK.[300]

Chief: none, armigerous clan. This crest badge is derived from the arms of Tweedie of Drumelzier.[300]
Udny Crest: A fleur de lis Gules

Motto: ALL MY HOPE IS IN GOD

Chief: none, armigerous clan.

Seat: Udny Castle, Aberdeenshire

Urquhart Crest: Issuant from a crest coronet Or, a naked woman from the waist upwards Proper, brandishing in her desxter hand a sword Azure, hilted and pommelled Gules, and holding in her sinister hand a palm sapling Vert.[301]

Motto: MEANE WEIL SPEAK WEIL AND DOE WEIL.[301]
Badge: wallflower,[33] or gillyflower[96]

Chief: Wilkins Fisk Urquhart of Urquhart
Vans Crest: On a chapeau Azure furred Ermine a lion rampant Proper holding in his paws a balance Gules

Motto: BE FAITHFUL

Chief: none, armigerous clan.

Seat: Dirleton Castle, East Lothian

The Chiefly line was originally "de Vaus of Dirleton", but changed to "Vans of Barnbarroch" after the loss of Dirleton
Walkinshaw Clan member crest badge - Clan Walkinshaw.svg Crest: A martlet.[302]

Motto: IN SEASON.[302]

Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Wallace Clan member crest badge - Clan Wallace.svg Crest: Issuant from a crest coronet of four (three visible) strawberry leaves Or, a dexter arm vambraced, the hand brandishing a sword all Proper.[303]

Motto: PRO LIBERTATE.[303]
[from Latin: "For liberty"].[303]

Chief: Ian Francis Wallace of that Ilk
Wardlaw Crest: A celestial star Or

Motto: FAMILIAS FIRMAT PIETAS ["Religion strengthens families"]

Chief: none, armigerous clan.

Seat: Torry, Fife

Watson Crest: Two hands holding the trunk of an oak tree sprouting the hands issuing out of clouds

Motto: INSPERATA FLORUIT ["It has flourished beyond expectation"]

Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Wauchope Crest: A garb Proper

Motto: INDUSTRIA DITAT ["Industry enriches"]

Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Wedderburn Clan member crest badge - Clan Wedderburn.svg Crest: An eagle's head erased Proper.[304]

Motto: NON DEGENER.[305]
[From Latin: "Not degenerate"].[304]
[from Latin: "Not unworthy"].[306]

Chief: Henry David Wedderburn of that Ilk, Lord Scrymgeour, Master of Dundee
Weir Crest: Upon a chapeau Gules furred Ermine a boar statant Azure armed Or.[307]

Motto: VERO NIHIL VERIUS.[307]
[from Latin: "Nothing truer than truth"].[307]

Chief: none, armigerous clan. Crest badge derived from the arms of Weir of Blackwood.[307]
Wemyss Clan member crest badge - Clan Wemyss.svg Crest: A swan Proper.[308]

Motto: JE PENSE.[308]
[from French: "I think"].[308]

Chief: David Wemyss of that Ilk
Whitefoord Crest: A garb Or standing upright and thereon a dove Proper

Motto: TOUT EST D’EN HAUT ["All is from above"]

Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Whitelaw Clan member crest badge - Clan Whitelaw.svg Crest: A crescent.[309]

Motto: GRADATIM PLENA.[309]

Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Wishart Crest: A demi eagle with wings expanded Proper

Motto: MERCY IS MY DESIRE

Chief: none, armigerous clan.
Wood Clan member crest badge - Clan Wood.svg Crest: A ship under sail Proper.

Motto: TUTUS IN UNDIS
[from Latin: "safe on the waves"]

Chief: Timothy Michael Herbert Fawcett Wood of Largo. .[310] The Arms are those of Sir Andrew Wood of Largo, who is considered the founder of the present chiefly line.[311]
Young Crest: A demi lion issuant Gules, holding a sword Proper

Motto: ROBORE PRUDENTIA PRÆSTAT

Chief: none, armigerous clan.

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "What is a clan?". Lyon Court (lyon-court.com). Retrieved 2008-06-09. 
  2. ^ a b Campbell of Airds (2000), pp. 289–290.
  3. ^ Adam, Frank; Innes of Learney (1970), p. 136.
  4. ^ a b "Abercromby". myclan.com. Archived from the original on 2007-03-19. Retrieved 2008-09-01. 
  5. ^ "Clan Abercromby". Standing Council of Scottish Chiefs (clanchiefs.org). Retrieved 2008-04-14. 
  6. ^ a b c d "Adair". myclan.com. Archived from the original on 2007-05-28. Retrieved 2008-08-15. 
  7. ^ a b c Way of Plean; Squire (2000), p. 40.
  8. ^ "Site Record for Dolphiston Castle Details Details". Canmore.rcahms.gov.uk. Retrieved 2012-11-07. 
  9. ^ a b "Clan Anderson". Standing Council of Scottish Chiefs (clanchiefs.org). Retrieved 2008-04-14. 
  10. ^ a b "Anstruther". myclan.com. Archived from the original on 2007-05-28. Retrieved 2008-08-08. 
  11. ^ "Clan Anstruther". Standing Council of Scottish Chiefs (clanchiefs.org). Retrieved 2008-06-07. 
  12. ^ a b Pine (1983), p. 173.
  13. ^ a b c Way of Plean; Squire (2000), p. 42.
  14. ^ a b c Way of Plean; Squire (2000), p. 44.
  15. ^ a b c Way of Plean; Squire (2000), p. 162.
  16. ^ a b "Baillie". myclan.com. Archived from the original on 2007-03-19. Retrieved 2008-09-01. 
  17. ^ "Clan Baillie". Standing Council of Scottish Chiefs (clanchiefs.org). Retrieved 2008-09-01. 
  18. ^ a b c Way of Plean; Squire (2000), p. 46.
  19. ^ a b "Bannatyne". myclan.com. Archived from the original on 2007-03-19. Retrieved 2008-08-08. 
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  21. ^ "Bannerman". myclan.com. Archived from the original on 2007-03-19. Retrieved 2008-08-08. 
  22. ^ "Clan Bannerman". Standing Council of Scottish Chiefs (clanchiefs.org). Retrieved 2008-06-07. 
  23. ^ a b Pine (1983), p. 182.
  24. ^ a b c Way of Plean; Squire (2000), p. 48.
  25. ^ "Clan Bell North America". Clanbell.org. Retrieved 2013-12-27. 
  26. ^ a b "Bethune". myclan.com. Archived from the original on 2007-03-19. Retrieved 2008-09-01. 
  27. ^ "Clan Bethune". Standing Council of Scottish Chiefs (clanchiefs.org). Retrieved 2008-06-09. 
  28. ^ a b c Way of Plean; Squire (2000), p. 50.
  29. ^ a b c Way of Plean; Squire (2000), p. 52.
  30. ^ a b "Boyle". myclan.com. Archived from the original on 2007-03-19. Retrieved 2008-08-08. 
  31. ^ "Clan Boyle". Standing Council of Scottish Chiefs (clanchiefs.org). Retrieved 2008-05-03. 
  32. ^ a b Way of Plean; Squire (2000), p. 54.
  33. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz Adam; Innes of Learney (1970), pp. 541–543.
  34. ^ a b c Way of Plean; Squire (2000), p. 56.
  35. ^ a b c "Buchan". myclan.com. Archived from the original on 2007-03-19. Retrieved 2008-08-08. 
  36. ^ a b c Way of Plean; Squire (2000), p. 58.
  37. ^ "Clan Buchanan". Standing Council of Scottish Chiefs (clanchiefs.org). Retrieved 2008-05-02. 
  38. ^ a b c Way of Plean; Squire (2000), p. 62.
  39. ^ a b c Way of Plean; Squire (2000), p. 64.
  40. ^ Campbell of Airds (2002), pp. 289–290.
  41. ^ "Campbell of Breadalbane". (celticstudio.com). Retrieved 2008-08-22. 
  42. ^ "Clan Campbell of Breadalbane". Standing Council of Scottish Chiefs (clanchiefs.org). Retrieved 2008-05-03. 
  43. ^ "Campbell of Calder". (celticstudio.com). Retrieved 2008-08-22. 
  44. ^ "Clan Campbell of Cawdor". Standing Council of Scottish Chiefs (clanchiefs.org). Retrieved 2008-05-03. 
  45. ^ a b Campbell of Airds, Alastair (2005). A History of Clan Campbell; Volume 3,From the Restoration to the present day. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. ISBN 0-7486-1790-6. 
  46. ^ John Peter Elven. The book of family crests. pp. 82,. 
  47. ^ a b Bernard Burke (2007). The general armory of England, Scotland, Ireland, and Wales. Heritage Books. p. 340. ISBN 0-7884-0558-6. 
  48. ^ a b c Way of Plean; Squire (2000), p. 66.
  49. ^ a b Way of Plean; Squire (2000), p. 68.
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  51. ^ a b "Charteris". myclan.com. Archived from the original on 2006-05-22. Retrieved 2008-08-08. 
  52. ^ a b Way of Plean; Squire (2000), p. 70.
  53. ^ a b c Way of Plean; Squire (2000), p. 72.
  54. ^ Descended from Lanarkshire family. Arms similar, but hare salient is or not argent, collar is gules, bugle horn is sable, not vert. Crest is: A dexter cubit arm holding a sword point to sinister, as can be seen on several monuments in Westleigh Church, Devon
  55. ^ a b c Way of Plean; Squire (2000), p. 74.
  56. ^ a b "Cockburn". myclan.com. Archived from the original on 2006-05-22. Retrieved 2008-08-08. 
  57. ^ "Clan Cockburn". Standing Council of Scottish Chiefs (clanchiefs.org). Retrieved 2008-09-01. 
  58. ^ a b c Way of Plean; Squire (2000), p. 76.
  59. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Mackenzie (1884), p. 536.
  60. ^ a b c "Colville". myclan.com. Archived from the original on 2007-03-19. Retrieved 2008-08-08. 
  61. ^ a b "Craig". myclan.com. Archived from the original on 2007-03-19. Retrieved 2008-09-01. 
  62. ^ "Clan Craig". Standing Council of Scottish Chiefs (clanchiefs.org). Retrieved 2008-06-09. 
  63. ^ electricscotland.com
  64. ^ a b Way of Plean; Squire (2000), p. 78.
  65. ^ a b c Way of Plean; Squire (2000), p. 80.
  66. ^ "Crichton". myclan.com. Archived from the original on 2006-05-22. Retrieved 2008-08-08. 
  67. ^ "Clan Crichton". Standing Council of Scottish Chiefs (clanchiefs.org). Retrieved 2008-06-09. 
  68. ^ a b Way of Plean; Squire (2000), p. 82.
  69. ^ Anderson (1862), p. 739. "The assumption of the badge of the cumin plant for the supposed clan, a plant that is only found in the region of Egypt, but which happens to be named in the Old Testament, is scarcely correct. It is rather the common sallow, a species of willow, that the Cummings have adopted as their clan badge, although Logan calls it the cumin plant."
  70. ^ a b Way of Plean; Squire (2000), p. 84.
  71. ^ "Dalrymple". myclan.com. Archived from the original on 2007-03-19. Retrieved 2008-09-01. 
  72. ^ "Clan Dalrymple". Standing Council of Scottish Chiefs (clanchiefs.org). Retrieved 2008-06-09. 
  73. ^ "Dennistoun". myclan.com. Archived from the original on 2007-03-19. Retrieved 2008-09-01. 
  74. ^ "Clan Dalziel". Standing Council of Scottish Chiefs (clanchiefs.org). Retrieved 2008-06-09. 
  75. ^ "Darroch". myclan.com. Archived from the original on 2007-03-14. Retrieved 2008-08-08. 
  76. ^ "Clan Darroch". Standing Council of Scottish Chiefs (clanchiefs.org). Retrieved 2008-06-09. 
  77. ^ a b c Way of Plean; Squire (2000), p. 86.
  78. ^ "Clan Dewar". Standing Council of Scottish Chiefs (clanchiefs.org). Retrieved 2008-06-09. 
  79. ^ Pine (1983), p. 191.
  80. ^ a b c Way of Plean; Squire (2000), p. 262.
  81. ^ a b c Way of Plean; Squire (2000), p. 88.
  82. ^ "Clan Douglas". Standing Council of Scottish Chiefs (clanchiefs.org). Retrieved 2008-04-21. 
  83. ^ a b c Way of Plean; Squire (2000), p. 90.
  84. ^ a b c Way of Plean; Squire (2000), p. 92.
  85. ^ a b c "Clan Duncan". Clan Duncan Society, Scotland (clan-duncan.co.uk). Retrieved 2009-08-13. 
  86. ^ a b c Way of Plean; Squire (2000), p. 94.
  87. ^ The Highlander, the Magazine of Scottish heritage; April 2009; 2009 Directory; Published by Angus J. Ray Associates, Inc.; ISSN 0161-5378, USPS 579200)
  88. ^ a b "Durie". myclan.com. Archived from the original on 2006-12-03. Retrieved 2008-08-08. 
  89. ^ "Clan Durie". Standing Council of Scottish Chiefs (clanchiefs.org). Retrieved 2008-06-09. 
  90. ^ a b c Way of Plean; Squire (2000), p. 96.
  91. ^ a b "Elphinstone". myclan.com. Archived from the original on 2007-03-14. Retrieved 2008-08-08. 
  92. ^ "Clan Elphinstone". Standing Council of Scottish Chiefs (clanchiefs.org). Retrieved 2008-06-11. 
  93. ^ a b c Way of Plean; Squire (2000), p. 98.
  94. ^ Stodart, Robert R. 1881, Scottish Arms, Edinburgh, William Paterson.
  95. ^ a b c Way of Plean; Squire (2000), p. 100.
  96. ^ a b c d e f g h The Scottish Clans And Their Tartans: With Notes, p. 9.
  97. ^ a b c Way of Plean; Squire (2000), p. 102.
  98. ^ "Clan Fleming". Standing Council of Scottish Chiefs (clanchiefs.org). Retrieved 2008-06-09. 
  99. ^ "Clan Fletcher". Standing Council of Scottish Chiefs (clanchiefs.org). Retrieved 2008-06-09. 
  100. ^ a b Way of Plean; Squire (2000), p. 104.
  101. ^ "Clan Forrester". Standing Council of Scottish Chiefs (clanchiefs.org). Retrieved 2008-06-09. 
  102. ^ a b c Way of Plean; Squire (2000), p. 106.
  103. ^ a b Way of Plean; Squire (2000), p. 108.
  104. ^ a b "Fraser of Lovat". myclan.com. Archived from the original on 2007-03-19. Retrieved 2008-08-08. 
  105. ^ "Clan Fraser of Lovat". Standing Council of Scottish Chiefs (clanchiefs.org). Retrieved 2008-06-09. 
  106. ^ a b "Clan Galbraith". Standing Council of Scottish Chiefs (clanchiefs.org). Retrieved 2008-06-09. 
  107. ^ "Galbraith". (celticstudio.com). Retrieved 2008-08-22. 
  108. ^ myclan.com/clans/Garden
  109. ^ a b c "Ged". myclan.com. Archived from the original on 2007-03-19. Retrieved 2008-09-06. 
  110. ^ a b Way of Plean; Squire (2000), p. 110.
  111. ^ SND: Bydand
  112. ^ a b c Way of Plean; Squire (2000), p. 112.
  113. ^ a b c Way of Plean; Squire (2000), p. 114.
  114. ^ "Gray". myclan.com. Archived from the original on 2006-05-21. Retrieved 2008-11-04. 
  115. ^ a b "Clan Gray". Standing Council of Scottish Chiefs (clanchiefs.org). Retrieved 2008-06-09. 
  116. ^ a b c Way of Plean; Squire (2000), p. 190.
  117. ^ a b "Grierson". myclan.com. Archived from the original on 2006-05-21. Retrieved 2008-08-08. 
  118. ^ "Clan Grierson". Standing Council of Scottish Chiefs (clanchiefs.org). Retrieved 2008-06-09. 
  119. ^ a b c Way of Plean; Squire (2000), p. 116.
  120. ^ a b "Guthrie". myclan.com. Archived from the original on 2007-03-19. Retrieved 2008-08-08. 
  121. ^ "Clan Guthrie". Standing Council of Scottish Chiefs (clanchiefs.org). Retrieved 2008-06-09. 
  122. ^ a b Way of Plean; Squire (2000), p. 118.
  123. ^ "Haldane". myclan.com. Archived from the original on 2007-03-14. Retrieved 2008-08-08. 
  124. ^ "Clan Haldane". Standing Council of Scottish Chiefs (clanchiefs.org). Retrieved 2008-06-09. 
  125. ^ a b Way of Plean; Squire (2000), p. 120.
  126. ^ a b c Way of Plean; Squire (2000), p. 122.
  127. ^ a b c Way of Plean; Squire (2000), p. 124.
  128. ^ a b c Way of Plean; Squire (2000), p. 126.
  129. ^ "Hepburn". myclan.com. Archived from the original on 2007-03-19. Retrieved 2008-09-01. 
  130. ^ "Clan Hepburn". Standing Council of Scottish Chiefs (clanchiefs.org). Retrieved 2008-06-09. 
  131. ^ a b "Herries". myclan.com. Archived from the original on 2007-03-19. Retrieved 2008-09-01. 
  132. ^ "Clan Herries". Standing Council of Scottish Chiefs (clanchiefs.org). Retrieved 2008-09-01. 
  133. ^ a b Way of Plean; Squire (2000), p. 128.
  134. ^ a b "Hope". myclan.com. Archived from the original on 2006-05-22. Retrieved 2008-08-08. 
  135. ^ "Clan Hope". Standing Council of Scottish Chiefs (clanchiefs.org). Retrieved 2008-06-09. 
  136. ^ "Houston". myclan.com. Archived from the original on 2007-03-22. Retrieved 2008-09-01. 
  137. ^ "Clan Houston". Standing Council of Scottish Chiefs (clanchiefs.org). Retrieved 2008-06-09. 
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  139. ^ a b Way of Plean; Squire (2000), p. 132.
  140. ^ The Standing Council of Scottish Chiefs Requirements for Recognition
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  143. ^ a b c Way of Plean; Squire (2000), p. 138.
  144. ^ a b c Way of Plean; Squire (2000), p. 140.
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  153. ^ Stone (2005), p. 183.
  154. ^ a b "Leask". myclan.com. Archived from the original on 2006-05-22. Retrieved 2008-08-08. 
  155. ^ "Clan Leask". Standing Council of Scottish Chiefs (clanchiefs.org). Retrieved 2008-06-11. 
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  157. ^ a b Way of Plean; Squire (2000), p. 152.
  158. ^ a b c Way of Plean; Squire (2000), p. 154.
  159. ^ a b "Lockhart". myclan.com. Archived from the original on 2007-03-19. Retrieved 2008-08-08. 
  160. ^ "Clan Lockhart". Standing Council of Scottish Chiefs (clanchiefs.org). Retrieved 2008-06-11. 
  161. ^ Bain (1983), pp. 138–139.
  162. ^ "Clan Logan". Standing Council of Scottish Chiefs (clanchiefs.org). Retrieved 2008-06-10. 
  163. ^ Stone (2005), p. 166.
  164. ^ a b c Way of Plean; Squire (2000), p. 158.
  165. ^ a b c "Lyon". myclan.com. Archived from the original on 2007-03-19. Retrieved 2008-08-08. 
  166. ^ "Clan Lyon". Standing Council of Scottish Chiefs (clanchiefs.org). Retrieved 2008-06-11. 
  167. ^ a b c Way of Plean; Squire (2000), p. 160.
  168. ^ a b c Way of Plean; Squire (2000), p. 164.
  169. ^ Stone (2005), p. 153.
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  171. ^ a b c Way of Plean; Squire (2000), p. 170.
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  174. ^ a b c Way of Plean; Squire (2000), p. 176.
  175. ^ a b c Way of Plean; Squire (2000), p. 178.
  176. ^ a b "MacDowall". myclan.com. Archived from the original on 2006-05-22. Retrieved 2008-08-08. 
  177. ^ "Clan Macdowall". Standing Council of Scottish Chiefs (clanchiefs.org). Retrieved 2008-06-09. 
  178. ^ a b c Way of Plean; Squire (2000), p. 180.
  179. ^ a b c Way of Plean; Squire (2000), p. 182.
  180. ^ Moncreiffe (1967), pp. 99–100.
  181. ^ a b Way of Plean; Squire (2000), p. 184.
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  183. ^ a b Way of Plean; Squire (2000), p. 188.
  184. ^ a b Way of Plean; Squire (2000), p. 192.
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  188. ^ a b c Way of Plean; Squire (2000), p. 198.
  189. ^ a b c Way of Plean; Squire (2000), p. 200.
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  192. ^ a b Way of Plean; Squire (2000), p. 204.
  193. ^ a b c Way of Plean; Squire (2000), p. 206.
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  195. ^ a b c Way of Plean; Squire (2000), p. 208.
  196. ^ a b c Way of Plean; Squire (2000), p. 210.
  197. ^ "Clan Crest". Clan Livingstone Society (clanmclea.co.uk). Retrieved 2008-06-09. 
  198. ^ "Clan MacLea". Standing Council of Scottish Chiefs (clanchiefs.org). Retrieved 2008-06-09. 
  199. ^ a b Way of Plean; Squire (2000), p. 212.
  200. ^ "Mac Lellan". (celticstudio.com). Retrieved 2008-08-22. 
  201. ^ a b "Clan MacLellan". Standing Council of Scottish Chiefs (clanchiefs.org). Retrieved 2008-04-21. 
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  203. ^ a b Way of Plean; Squire (2000), p. 216.
  204. ^ a b c Way of Plean; Squire (2000), p. 218.
  205. ^ a b c Way of Plean; Squire (2000), p. 220.
  206. ^ a b Way of Plean; Squire (2000), p. 222.
  207. ^ a b Way of Plean; Squire (2000), p. 226.
  208. ^ a b c Way of Plean; Squire (2000), p. 224.
  209. ^ a b Way of Plean; Squire (2000), p. 228.
  210. ^ a b "MacQueen". myclan.com. Archived from the original on 2007-03-19. Retrieved 2008-09-06. 
  211. ^ a b c Way of Plean; Squire (2000), p. 230.
  212. ^ "Clan MacTavish Press Release, New Arms For MacTavish Chief". electricscotland.com. Retrieved 2009-01-17. 
  213. ^ "Clan MacTavish". Standing Council of Scottish Chiefs (clanchiefs.org). Retrieved 2008-06-09. 
  214. ^ a b Campbell of Airds (2000), pp. 246–247.
  215. ^ a b c Way of Plean; Squire (2000), p. 232.
  216. ^ a b "Maitland". myclan.com. Archived from the original on 2007-03-19. Retrieved 2008-08-08. 
  217. ^ "Clan Maitland". Standing Council of Scottish Chiefs (clanchiefs.org). Retrieved 2008-06-09. 
  218. ^ a b "Makgill". myclan.com. Archived from the original on 2007-03-19. Retrieved 2008-08-08. 
  219. ^ "Clan Makgill". Standing Council of Scottish Chiefs (clanchiefs.org). Retrieved 2008-06-09. 
  220. ^ a b c Way of Plean; Squire (2000), p. 168.
  221. ^ a b c Way of Plean; Squire (2000), p. 234.
  222. ^ a b "Marjoribanks". myclan.com. Archived from the original on 2007-03-19. Retrieved 2008-08-08. 
  223. ^ "Clan Marjoribanks". Standing Council of Scottish Chiefs (clanchiefs.org). Retrieved 2008-06-11. 
  224. ^ a b c Way of Plean; Squire (2000), p. 236.
  225. ^ a b c Way of Plean; Squire (2000), p. 238.
  226. ^ a b c "McCorquodale". myclan.com. Archived from the original on 2007-03-19. Retrieved 2008-09-06. 
  227. ^ a b "Melville". myclan.com. Archived from the original on 2007-03-19. Retrieved 2008-09-01. 
  228. ^ "Clan Melville". Standing Council of Scottish Chiefs (clanchiefs.org). Retrieved 2008-06-09. 
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Bibliography[edit]

  • Adam, Frank; Innes of Learney, Thomas (1970). The Clans, Septs & Regiments of the Scottish Highlands (8th edition ed.). Edinburgh: Johnston and Bacon. 

Sir Thomas Innes of Learney, Lord Lyon, Scots Heraldry(second edition), Oliver and Boyd, London,1956