List of crude oil products

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Main features of some qualities of crude oil

In the international petroleum industry, crude oil products are traded on various oil bourses based on established chemical profiles, delivery locations, and financial terms. The chemical profiles, or crude oil assays, specify important properties such as the oil's API gravity. The delivery locations are usually sea ports close to the oil fields from which the crude was obtained (and new fields are constantly being explored), and the pricing is usually quoted based on F.O.B. (free on board, without consideration of final delivery costs).

Benchmarks[edit]

Main article: Benchmark (crude oil)

The three most quoted oil products are North America's West Texas Intermediate crude (WTI), North Sea Brent Crude, and the UAE Dubai Crude, and their pricing is used as a barometer for the entire petroleum industry, although, in total, there are 46 key oil exporting countries. Brent Crude is typically priced at about $2 over the WTI Spot price, which is typically priced $5 to $6 above the EIA's Imported Refiner Acquisition Cost (IRAC) and OPEC Basket prices. WTI and Brent are quoted F.O.B specific locations, not F.O.B. the oilfields. For WTI, the delivery point is Cushing, OK; for Brent, it is Sullom Voe, an island north of Scotland.

Although crude oil assays evaluate various chemical properties of the oil, the two most important properties determining a crude's value are its density (measured as API specific gravity) and its sulphur content (measured per mass). Crude oil is considered "heavy" if it has long hydrocarbon chains, or "light" if it has short hydrocarbon chains: an API gravity of 34 or higher is "light", between 31-33 is "medium", and 30 or below is "heavy". Crude is considered "sweet" if it is low in sulphur content (< 0.5%/weight), or "sour" if high (> 1.0%/weight). Generally, the higher the API gravity (the "lighter" it is), the more valuable the crude.

List of crude oil producers[edit]

Product name API gravity Sulphur content (as % of mass) Operating company Location of field Port of sale
Abu Bukhoosh 31.6° 2.0% Abu Dhabi Abu al-Bukhoosh
Agbami 47.2° 0.044% Chevron Nigeria offshore
Aktobe 41.6° 0.73 Kazakhstan Novorossiysk
Al Shaheen 26.51° 2.49% Qatar Al Shaheen Platform
Al-Jurf 30.0° 1.90% Libya Farwah FPSO
Alaska North Slope 31.9° 0.93% United States Alaska Marine Terminal
Alba (Equatorial Guinea) 53.0° 0.02% Equatorial Guinea Punta Europa
Alba (U.K.) 19.4° 1.24% Chevron United Kingdom offshore
Albian Heavy (Athabasca) 19.6° 2.10% Canada
Algerian Condensate 68.7° 0.001 In Amenas Joint Venture: Sonatrach, BP and Statoil Algeria Bejaia
Amenam Blend 38.2° 0.12% Nigeria
Amenam/Mars Blend 33.5° 0.94% Nigeria
Ameriven-Hamaca 26° 1.55% Venezuela Puerto José
Amna 36° 0.17% Libya
Anasuria Shell United Kingdom FPSO Anasuria[1]
Antan Blend 26.4° 0.27% Nigeria Knock Taggart FPSO/Antan Terminal
Arab Extra Light 39.4 1.09% Saudi Arabia
Arab Heavy 27.7 2.87% Saudi Arabia
Arab Light 32.8 1.97% Saudi Arabia
Arab Light / Seg 17 Blend 32.4 2.19% United States
Arab Medium 30.2 2.59% Saudi Arabia
Arab Super Light 50.1 0.09% Saudi Arabia
Arab Super Light Ardjuna
Arun Condensate
Åsgard Blend 50.5° 0.07% Statoil Norway offshore
Attaka Indonesia
Azadegan
Azeri BTC 36.1° 0.14% BP Azerbaijan Ceyhan, Turkey
Azeri Light 34.8° 0.15% BP Azerbaijan Supsa Terminal, Georgia
BCF-17 16.5° 2.53% Venezuela La Salina
Bạch Hổ 33.8° 0.08% Vietnam
Bachaquero 17 17° Venezuela
Bachaquero 24 24° Venezuela
Balder 30.1° 0.48% Norway Balder FPSO
Baobab 23° 0.39-0.46% Ivory Coast Baobab FPSO
Barrow 36.1° 0.05% Santos Australia Barrow Island
Basrah Blend
Basrah Light 30.5° 2.90% Iraq
Basrah Light/Mesa 30 Blend (35/65) 30.5° 1.63% Iraq/USAIraq/USA
Bayou Choctaw Sour 32.2° 1.43% United States
Bayou Choctaw Sweet 36.0° 0.36% United States
Bayu Undan 55.9° 0.07% Australia/East Timor Liberdade FSO
Belanak 47.8° 0.02% Indonesia Belanak FPSO
Belayim Blend 27.5 2.40% Egypt Wadi Feiran
Belida
Benchamas
Beryl 37.5 0.42% United Kingdom Beryl
Bintulu Condensate 69.3 0.03% Malaysia Bintulu
Bonga 29.1 0.26% Nigeria Bonga FPSO
Bonito Sour 35.5° 0.99% United States
Bonny Light 33.4° 0.16% Nigeria
Bontang Condensate
Boscan 10.1° 5.70% Venezuela Bajo Grande
Bouri 26.3° 1.91% Libya Bouri
Bow River 24.7 2.10% Canada
Brass River 0.14% Nigeria
Brega 39.8° 0.20% Libya Brega
Brent Blend 38.3° 0.37% United Kingdom
Brunei Light
CPC Blend 45.3° 0.56% Chevron Kazakhstan Novorossiysk
Cabinda 32.4° 0.13% Angola
Canadian Par 40° Canada
Canadon Seco
Cano Limon 29.2° 0.50% Colombia Covenas
Captain 19.2° 0.70% United Kingdom Captain FPSO
Ceiba 29.9° 0.57% Equatorial Guinea Sendje Ceiba FPSO
Cepu 32° 0.15% Indonesia Cepu FSO
Cerro Negro 16° 3.34% Venezuela Puerto José
Champion 28.7° 0.13% Brunei Seria
Chim Sao 40.1° 0.03% PV Oil Vietnam Chim Sao Marine Terminal
Chinguetti 28.3° 0.49% Mauritania Berge Helene FPSO
Cinta 31.1° 0.09% Indonesia Cinta
Clair 23.7° 0.44% United Kingdom Sullom Voe
Cold Lake 21.2° 3.70% Canada Westridge Marine Terminal
Cooper 45.2° 0.03% Santos Australia Port Bonython
Cossack 47.7° 0.05% Australia Cossack Pioneer FPSO
Cusiana 43.1° 0.14% Colombia
DUC 33.6° 0.26% Denmark Fredericia
Dalia 23.6° 0.51% Total S.A. Angola offshore
Daqing 32.2° 0.11% China Dairen (Dalian)
Dar Blend 26.42° 0.12% Sudan Al-Khayr
Djeno 27.0° 0.47% Congo Djeno
Doba 21.1° 0.10% Chad Kome Kribi 1 FSO
Doroud 34° 2.5% Iran Kharg Island
Draugen 39.9° 0.15% Shell Oil Company Norway offshore
Dubai 31° 2.0%
Dukhan 41.1° 1.22% Qatar Umm Said
Dulang 37.6° 0.05% Malaysia Dulang FSO
Duri 20.8° 0.20% Indonesia Dumai
EA Crude 35.1° 0.08% Nigeria
East MS Mix 30.9 2.10% United States
Ekofisk Blend (Norway) 37.2° 0.23% Norway
Ekofisk Blend 37.5° 0.23% ConocoPhillips United Kingdom Teesside
El Sharara 43.1° 0.07% Libya Zawiya terminal
Enfield 21.7° 0.13% Australia Nganhurra FPSO
Erha 31.8° 0.21% Nigeria Erha FPSO
Sidra 37° Waha Oil Company Libya Sidra
Escalante 24.1° 0.19% Argentina Comodoro Rivadavia
Escravos 34.2° 0.17% Nigeria
ESPO blend 34.8° 0.62% Russia Kozmino
Eugene Island 34.3° 1.18% United States
Fateh 30.4° 2.13% Dubai Fateh
Fife United States
Flotta 35.4° 1.22% United Kingdom Flotta
Foinaven 26.6° 0.40% United Kingdom
Forcados (to Europe) 30.8° 0.16% Nigeria
Foroozan Blend 29.7° 2.34% Iran Kharg Island
Forties Blend 40.3° 0.56% BP United Kingdom Hound Point
Fulmar Shell United Kingdom[1]
Furrial 30.0° 1.06% Venezuela
Galeota Mix 37.8° 0.19% Trinidad
Gippsland 42° ExxonMobil Australia Long Island Point
Girassol 29.9° 0.32% Total S.A. Angola offshore
Glitne 32.9° 0.50% Statoil Norway offshore
Grane 18.7° 0.83% Statoil Norway Sture terminal
Gryphon
Gullfaks Blend 37.5° 0.22% Statoil Norway offshore
Handil Mix 43.9° 0.05% Indonesia Senipah
Hanze Veba Oil Netherlands[2]
Harding 20.7° 0.59% United Kingdom Cromarty Firth
Heavy Hardisty 22° Canada
Heavy Louisiana Sweet 32.9° 0.35% United States
Heidrun 25.0° 0.52% Statoil Norway Mongstad terminal
Hibernia 34.4° 0.41% Canada
Hungo Blend 29.1° 0.61% ExxonMobil Angola Kizomba A FPSO offshore
Iran Heavy 30.2° 1.77% Iran Kharg Island
Iran Light 33.1° 1.50% Iran Kharg Island
Isthmus 33.4° 1.25% Mexico Dos Bocas, Salina Cruz
Jasmine
Jotun
Karachaganak Condensate 44.7° 0.81% Kazakhstan Novorossiysk, Odessa
Kashagan 42-48° 0.80% Kazakhstan Ceyhan
Khafji 28.5° 2.85% Saudi Arabian Neutral Zone Ras al-Khafji
Kikeh 34.9° 0.11% Malaysia Kikeh FPSO
Kirkuk (Netback Price at U.S. Gulf) 33.9° 2.26% Iraq
Kissanje Blend 29.8° 0.38% ExxonMobil Angola Kizomba B FPSO offshore
Kitina 36.4° 0.11% Congo
Kittiwake
Kole 32.1° 0.33% Cameroon Kole
Kuito 19.0° 0.68% Angola Kuito FPSO
Kumkol 41.2° 0.11% Kazakhstan Yuzhnaya Ozereevka, Batumi
Kutubu Blend 46.6° 0.04% Oil Search Papua New Guinea Kumul
Kuwait Blend 30.2° 2.72% Kuwait
Labuan 32.0° 0.09% Malaysia Labuan
Laguna 10.9° 5.4% Petróleos de Venezuela S.A. Venezuela Puerto Miranda[2]
Laminaria
LA Mississippi Sweet 40.7° 0.34% United States
Lavan Blend 34.2 1.93% Iran Lavan Island
Light Louisiana Sweet 35.6° 0.37% United States
Lion Crude 39.6° 0.18% Ivory Coast
Liuhua
Liverpool Bay° 45 0.21% United Kingdom Liverpool Bay Platform
Lloyd Blend 22° Canada
Lower Zakum 39.8 1.02% BP Abu Dhabi Das Island
Loreto 18.1 1.3% Pluspetrol Peru Bayovar - Piura
Lufeng 33.3° 0.06% Statoil China offshore
MacCulloch
Mandji 30° Gabon
Marib Light (Alif) 48.9° 0.07% BP Yemen[3]
Marlim 19.6 0.67% PETROBRAS.SA Brazil Campos Basin - Offshore
Mars Blend 30.3° 1.91% United States
Mars/Mesa Blend (40/60) 30.1° 1.65% Loop
Mars/Urals Blend (50/50) 31.1° 1.57% United States
Masila 31.4° 0.54% Yemen Ash Shihr
Maureen
Maya 21.8° 3.33% Mexico Cayo Arcas, Salina Cruz
Mayna 21.5 0.5% Pluspetrol Peru Bayovar - Piura
Medanito 34.9° 0.48% Argentina Puerto Rosales
Mediterranean Sidi Kerir (Heavy) 30° Iran
Mediterranean Sidi Kerir (Light) 34° Iran
Mesa 30 29.4° 1.12% Venezuela
Minas 35.3° 0.09% Indonesia Dumai
Miri 32.3° 0.08% Malaysia Miri
Mixed Blend Sweet
Mondo 28.8° 0.44% ExxonMobil Angola Mondo FPSO offshore
Murban 40.2° 0.79% BP Abu Dhabi Jebel Dhanna
Mutineer Exeter 43.4° 0.03% Santos Australia Modec Venture 11 FPSO
Naptha Koch 57.8° 0.11% United States
N'kossa 41.0° 0.04% Congo N'Kossa
NFC II 57.95° 0.23% Qatar Ras Laffan
Northwest Shelf Condensate 61.2° 0.01% Australia Withnell Bay
Nang Nuang
Nanhai Light 40.1° 0.06% China Nan Hai Fa Xian FPSO
Napo 19° 2% Ecuador Esmeraldas
Nemba 40.9° 0.18% Angola
New Zafiro Blend 29.5° 0.26% Equatorial Guinea Serpentina FPSO
Nile Blend 33.9° 0.06% Sudan Port Sudan
Njord 46.6° 0.05% Statoil Norway offshore
Norne 30.8° 0.22% Statoil Norway offshore
Nowruz/Soroush 18-19° 3.4-3.5% Iran Kharg Island
Odudu 30.5° 0.15% Nigeria
Oguendjo 27.3 1.50% Gabon
Okono 41.9° 0.06% Nigeria
Olmeca 37.3° 0.84% Mexico
Oman Blend 34° 2.00% Oman
Oriente 24.1° 1.51% Ecuador
Ormen Lange condensate 52.3° 0.007% Statoil Norway Nyhamna
Oseberg Blend 37.8° 0.27% Statoil Norway Sture terminal
Ösgard Blend
Oso Condensate 45.7° 0.06% Nigeria
Palanca/Soyo Blend 37.8° 0.16% Angola
Panyu 28-32° <0.25% China Panyu FPSO
Peng Lai 21.8° 0.29% China Peng Lai FPSO
Pennington 35° 0.08% Nigeria Pennington Terminal
Peregrino 1.8% Brazil
Petrozuata Heavy 19.5° 2.69%[3] PDVSA, Conoco[4] Venezuela
Pierce
Plutonio 32.6º 0.39%[5] BP Angola
Port Hudson 45.0° 0.05% United States
Poseidon Streams 29.6° 1.97% BP United States Houma[6]
Premium Albian 35.5° 0.04% Canada
Qatar Marine 35.8° 1.47% Qatar Halul Island
Qua Iboe 36.3° 0.14% Nigeria
Rabi Light 37.7° 0.15% Gabon
Rang Dong 37.7° 0.05% Vietnam Rang Dong FPSO
Rincon 35.8° 0.39% Argentina San Vincente, Chile
Rio Grande do Norte 29.5° 0.33% PETROBRAS S.A. Brazil
Ross
Saharan Blend 45° 0.09% Algeria
Santa Barbara 39.5° 0.49% Venezuela
Sarir 37.6° 0.16% Libya Marsa El Hariga
Saudi Arabia Heavy 27° Saudi Arabia
Saudi Arabia Light 34° Saudi Arabia
Saudi Arabia Medium 31° Saudi Arabia
Saxi Batuque Blend 32.8° 0.32% ExxonMobil Angola Saxi Batuque FPSO offshore
Schiehallion Blend 25.5° 0.47% BP United Kingdom Sullom Voe
Senipah 51.9° 0.03% Indonesia Senipah
Seria Light 36.2° 0.08% Brunei
Seria Light Export
Shah Deniz Condensate 47° 0.03% Azerbaijan Ceyhan
Shengli 24.2° 0.84% China Qingdao
Siberian Light 35.1° 0.57% Russia Tuapse
Sincor 30-32° 0.13% Venezuela Puerto José
Siri 38.1° 0.22% Denmark Siri
Sirri 33.4° 1.81% Iran Sirri Island
Sirtica 42.2° 0.40% Libya Brega
Sleipner Condensate 62.0° 0.02% Statoil Norway Kårstø
Snorre
Snøhvit Condensate 60.1° 0.019% Statoil Norway Melkøya
Sokol (Sakhalin I) 37.9° 0.23% Russia DeKastri
Souedieh 24.1° 3.90% Syria Banias, Tartous
South Arne 37.71° 0.21% Denmark
Southern Green Canyon 30.4° 2.24% United States Port Arthur, Texas and Texas City, Texas
South Louisiana Sweet 35.9° 0.33% United States
Stag 18.5° 0.14% Apache Australia Stag Marine Facility
Statfjord 39.1° 0.22% Statoil Norway offshore
Su Tu Den (Black Lion) 36° 0.04% PV Oil Vietnam Su Tu Den Terminal
Suez Blend 30.8° 1.49% Egypt Ras Shukheir
Syncrude Sweet Blend 30.5-33.6° 0.07-0.13% Canada
Syrian Light 37.7° 0.74% Syria Banias, Tartous
Tapis Blend 45.2° 0.03% Malaysia Tapis
Tempa Rossa
Tengiz 46.4° 0.51% Chevron Kazakhstan Odessa, Batumi, Kulevi, Taman
Terra Nova 33.2 0.48% Canada Whiffen Head
Thamama Condensate 58.4° 0.11% Abu Dhabi Jebel Dhanna
Tia Juana Heavy 11° 2.66% Venezuela Punta Cardon
Tia Juana Light 31.9° 1.18% Venezuela La Salina
Triton 37.5° 0.32% United Kingdom Triton FPSO
Troll Blend 31.1° 0.21% Statoil Norway Mongstad terminal
Turkmen Blend 33.0° 0.15-0.29% Turkmenistan Aladzha, Okarem
Ukpokiti 41.7° 0.08% Nigeria
Umm Shaif 36.5° 1.39 Abu Dhabi Das Island
Upper Zakum 32.9° 1.78% Abu Dhabi Das Island
Urals (to Mediterannean) 31.7° 1.35% Russia / C.I.S.
Urucu 42.1° 0.09% PETROBRAS S.A. Brazil Urucu
Varg 37.9° 0.23% Talisman Norway offshore
Vasconia 24.5° 1.01% Colombia
Vityaz (Sakhalin II) 34.6° 0.22% Russia Molikpaq-Prigorodnoye
Volve 27.9° 1.8% Statoil Norway offshore
Wafra 24.5° 3.80% Saudi Arabian Neutral Zone Mina Saud
West Seno 38° 0.12% Indonesia Santan
West Texas Intermediate 39.6° 0.24% United States Cushing, Oklahoma
West Texas Sour 31.7° 1.28% United States Midland, Texas
Western Canadian Select 20.3° 3.43% Canada Hardisty
White Rose 29.8° 0.32% Canada SeaRose FPSO
Widuri 33.2° 0.07% Indonesia Widuri
Williams Sugarland Blend 40.9° 0.20% United States
Wytch Farm Perenco United Kingdom Hamble
Xikomba 34.7° 0.39% ExxonMobil Angola offshore
Yoho Crude 39.3° 0.08% Nigeria
Zakum 40.2° 1.01% Abu Dhabi[4] Das Island
Zarzaitine 42.8° 0.06% Algeria[5] La Skhirra, Tunisia
Puerto José 32° 0.13% Total S.A. Venezuela[6] Jose terminal
Zuwetina 41.5° 0.31% Libya[7][8] Zuwetina, Libya

Sources[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Anasuria - FPSO Vessel". ship-technology.com. Retrieved 2008-09-11. 
  2. ^ from Genesis Capital Management Group, Ltd. at
  3. ^ "Tariff classification of Petrozuata Heavy synthetic crude oil from Venezuela". United States International Trade Commission Rulings And Harmonized Tariff Schedule. 2005-04-11. Retrieved 2008-09-11. 
  4. ^ "Petrozuata Pipeline and Upgrader Plant, Venezuela". hydrocarbons-technology.com. Retrieved 2008-09-11. 
  5. ^ "Plutonio". bp.com. Retrieved 2008-09-11. 
  6. ^ "Poseidon Streams". bp.com. Retrieved 2008-09-11.