Canada is a country that occupies most of northern North America, extending from the Atlantic Ocean in the east to the Pacific Ocean in the west and northward into the Arctic Ocean. A federation that comprises ten provinces and three territories, Canada is a parliamentary democracy, with a Prime Minister as its head of government; and a constitutional monarchy, with Queen Elizabeth II as its head of state. Each of the country's provinces and territories has a head of government, called the Premier by English speakers, to avoid confusion with the federal Prime Minister. [1 ]
Of the thirteen Premiers, currently two are women. The longest-serving Premier is
Robert Ghiz of Prince Edward Island, who has held the position since June 12, 2007; the newest Premier is Philippe Couillard of Quebec, who assumed office on April 23, 2014. The oldest premier, Tom Marshall of Newfoundland and Labrador, was born in 1946 or 1947; The youngest Premier, Robert Ghiz of Prince Edward Island, was born in 1974. There are thirteen incumbent Premiers, of which five are from a Liberal Party, three are from a Progressive Conservative Party, one is from a New Democratic Party, one is from the Saskatchewan Party, one is from the Yukon Party, and two are non-partisan.
Current Canadian first ministers [ edit ]
Canadian order of precedence dictates persons' roles in ceremonial protocol. The highest is the Queen, Elizabeth II, then the Governor General, followed by the Prime Minister, the Premiers of the provinces in the order their province joined confederation and by population at joining, and the Premiers of the territories. Incumbency is current as of July 13, 2014.
First mandate began
Current mandate began
Harper, Stephen Stephen Harper Canada
8 years, 157 days
Wynne, Kathleen Kathleen Wynne
1 year, 152 days
Couillard, Philippe Philippe Couillard
0 years, 81 days
McNeil, Stephen Stephen McNeil
0 years, 264 days
Alward, David David Alward
3 years, 274 days
Selinger, Greg Greg Selinger
4 years, 267 days
Clark, Christy Christy Clark
3 years, 121 days
Ghiz, Robert Robert Ghiz
Prince Edward Island
7 years, 31 days
Wall, Brad Brad Wall
6 years, 234 days
Hancock, Dave Dave Hancock
0 years, 112 days
Marshall, Tom Tom Marshall
Newfoundland and Labrador
0 years, 170 days
McLeod, Bob Bob McLeod
2 years, 260 days
Pasloski, Darrell Darrell Pasloski
3 years, 32 days
Taptuna, Peter Peter Taptuna
0 years, 240 days
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
^ "Glossary". Library and Archives Canada. May 10, 2001 . Retrieved November 20, 2008.
^ "Prime Minister of Canada". Government of Canada . Retrieved February 11, 2013.
^ "Office of the Premier". Government of Ontario . Retrieved February 11, 2013.
^ "Biography of the Premier". Government of Quebec . Retrieved April 23, 2014.
^ "Honourable Stephen McNeil". Government of Nova Scotia . Retrieved October 22, 2013.
^ "MLA Bios − 57th Legislature". Government of New Brunswick . Retrieved February 11, 2013.
^ "Office of the Premier". Government of Manitoba . Retrieved February 11, 2013.
^ "Office of the Premier". Government of British Columbia . Retrieved February 11, 2013.
^ "Office of the Premier of Prince Edward Island". Government of Prince Edward Island . Retrieved February 11, 2013.
^ "Premier Brad Wall". Government of Saskatchewan . Retrieved February 11, 2013.
^ "Premier". Government of Alberta . Retrieved April 8, 2014.
^ "Office of the Premier". Government of Newfoundland and Labrador . Retrieved January 25, 2014.
^ "Premier Bob McLeod – Biography". Government of the Northwest Territories . Retrieved February 11, 2013.
^ "Office of the Premier". Government of Yukon . Retrieved February 11, 2013.
External links [ edit ]