List of current Canadian senators

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The Senate Chamber, located in the Centre Block of Parliament Hill

This is a list of current members of the Senate of Canada (French: Le Sénat du Canada), the upper house of the Canadian Parliament. Unlike the Members of Parliament in the House of Commons, the 105 senators are appointed by the Governor General on the advice of the prime minister.[1] Senators originally held their seats for life; however, under the British North America Act, 1965, members may not sit in the Senate after reaching the age of 75. Prime ministers normally choose members of their own parties to be senators, though they sometimes nominate independents or members of opposing parties.

Seats are allocated on a regional basis, each of the four major regions receives 24 seats, and the remainder of the available seats being assigned to smaller regions. The four major regions are Ontario, Quebec, the Maritime provinces (New Brunswick, Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island), and the Western provinces (Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba and Saskatchewan). The seats for Newfoundland and Labrador, the Northwest Territories, Yukon, and Nunavut are assigned apart from these regional divisions.[2] The province of Quebec has 24 Senate divisions that are constitutionally mandated. In all other provinces, a Senate division is strictly an optional designation of the senator's own choosing, and has no real constitutional or legal standing. A senator who does not choose a special senate division is considered a senator for the province at large.[2] The distribution of seats has been criticized for not being proportional per region. For example, Ontario has 40 percent of Canada's population but only 24 seats, while the smaller Atlantic provinces have a combined 30,[3] and British Columbia, the third most populous province, only has six seats.[4]

Senate reform is a recurring issue in Canadian politics. One of the systems most often proposed is the Triple-E Senate (Triple-E stands for equal, elected, and effective), which would re-align the seats, make senators elected, and give them more powers.[5] Alberta is the only province that holds Senate nominee elections, although Saskatchewan plans to hold their own as well.[6] Prime Minister Stephen Harper is an advocate of an elected Senate, and originally said that he would not appoint any new senators until there is reform.[6] In his first two years as prime minister, he appointed two. One of his appointments was Bert Brown, who was one of Alberta's elected nominees and is the second unofficially elected senator in Canadian history after Stan Waters in 1990.[7]

Currently, there are 94 senators and 11 vacancies. There are 38 women in the Senate.[8] The Conservative Party currently holds 56 seats, a majority. Active senators have been appointed on the advice of five different prime ministers: Harper, Paul Martin, Chrétien, Brian Mulroney and Pierre Trudeau. Anne Cools is the longest-serving current senator; she was appointed on the advice of Pierre Trudeau in 1984.

Current senators[edit]

Key
  Deputy Leader of the Government
(Yonah Martin)
  Deputy Leader of the Opposition (Joan Fraser)
  Government Whip (Elizabeth Marshall)
  Opposition Whip (Jim Munson)
Name Party Province (Division) Date appointed Appointed on
the advice of
Mandatory retirement
  Andreychuk, RaynellRaynell Andreychuk Conservative Saskatchewan March 11, 1993 Mulroney August 14, 2019
  Ataullahjan, SalmaSalma Ataullahjan Conservative Ontario (Toronto) July 9, 2010[9] Harper April 29, 2027
  Baker, GeorgeGeorge Baker Liberal (Senate caucus)‡ Newfoundland and Labrador March 26, 2002[10] Chrétien September 4, 2017
  Batters, DeniseDenise Batters Conservative Saskatchewan January 25, 2013[11] Harper June 18, 2045
  Bellemare, DianeDiane Bellemare Conservative Quebec (Alma) September 6, 2012[12] Harper October 13, 2024
  Beyak, LynnLynn Beyak Conservative Ontario January 25, 2013[11] Harper February 18, 2024
  Black, DougDoug Black Conservative Alberta January 25, 2013[11] Harper May 10, 2027
  Boisvenu, Pierre-HuguesPierre-Hugues Boisvenu Conservative Quebec (La Salle) January 29, 2010[13] Harper February 12, 2024
  Brazeau, PatrickPatrick Brazeau* Independent Quebec (Repentigny) January 8, 2009[14] Harper November 11, 2049
  Buth, JoAnneJoAnne Buth Conservative Manitoba January 6, 2012[15] Harper May 23, 2029
  Callbeck, Catherine S.Catherine S. Callbeck Liberal (Senate caucus)‡ Prince Edward Island September 23, 1997[16] Chrétien July 25, 2014
  Campbell, Larry W.Larry W. Campbell Liberal (Senate caucus)‡ British Columbia August 2, 2005[17] Martin February 28, 2023
  Carignan, ClaudeClaude Carignan Conservative Quebec (Mille Isles) August 27, 2009[18] Harper December 4, 2039
  Champagne, AndréeAndrée Champagne Conservative Quebec (Grandville) August 2, 2005[17] Martin July 17, 2014
  Chaput, MariaMaria Chaput Liberal (Senate caucus)‡ Manitoba December 12, 2002[19] Chrétien May 7, 2017
  Charette-Poulin, MarieMarie Charette-Poulin Liberal (Senate caucus)‡ Ontario (Northern Ontario) September 21, 1995 Chrétien June 21, 2020
  Cools, Anne C.Anne C. Cools Independent Ontario (Toronto Centre-York) January 13, 1984 Trudeau August 12, 2018
  Cordy, Jane MarieJane Marie Cordy Liberal (Senate caucus)‡ Nova Scotia June 9, 2000[20] Chrétien July 2, 2025
  Cowan, JimJim Cowan Liberal (Senate caucus)‡ Nova Scotia March 24, 2005[21] Martin January 22, 2017
  Dagenais, Jean-GuyJean-Guy Dagenais Conservative Quebec (Victoria) January 17, 2012[15] Harper February 2, 2025
  Dawson, DennisDennis Dawson Liberal (Senate caucus)‡ Quebec (Lauzon) August 2, 2005[17] Martin September 28, 2024
  Day, Joseph A.Joseph A. Day Liberal (Senate caucus)‡ New Brunswick (Saint John-Kennebecasis) October 4, 2001[22] Chrétien January 24, 2020
  Demers, JacquesJacques Demers Conservative Quebec (Rigaud) August 27, 2009[18] Harper August 25, 2019
  Downe, Percy E.Percy E. Downe Liberal (Senate caucus)‡ Prince Edward Island (Charlottetown) June 26, 2003[23] Chrétien July 8, 2029
  Doyle, NormanNorman Doyle Conservative Newfoundland and Labrador January 6, 2012[15] Harper November 11, 2020
  Duffy, MichaelMichael Duffy* Independent Prince Edward Island (Cavendish) January 2, 2009[14] Harper May 27, 2021
  Dyck, Lillian EvaLillian Eva Dyck Liberal (Senate caucus)‡ Saskatchewan March 24, 2005[21] Martin August 24, 2020
  Eaton, NicoleNicole Eaton Conservative Ontario (Caledon) January 2, 2009[14] Harper January 21, 2020
  Eggleton, ArtArt Eggleton Liberal (Senate caucus)‡ Ontario March 24, 2005[17] Martin September 29, 2018
  Enverga, Tobias C.Tobias C. Enverga Conservative Ontario September 6, 2012[12] Harper December 2, 2030
  Fortin-Duplessis, SuzanneSuzanne Fortin-Duplessis Conservative Quebec (Rougemont) January 14, 2009[14] Harper June 20, 2015
  Fraser, JoanJoan Fraser Liberal (Senate caucus)‡ Quebec (De Lorimier) September 17, 1998[24] Chrétien October 12, 2019
  Frum, LindaLinda Frum Conservative Ontario August 27, 2009[18] Harper January 13, 2038
  Furey, GeorgeGeorge Furey Liberal (Senate caucus)‡ Newfoundland and Labrador August 11, 1999[25] Chrétien May 12, 2023
  Gerstein, IrvingIrving Gerstein Conservative Ontario (Toronto) January 2, 2009[14] Harper February 10, 2016
  Greene, StephenStephen Greene Conservative Nova Scotia (Halifax) January 2, 2009[14] Harper December 8, 2024
  Raine, Nancy GreeneNancy Greene Raine Conservative British Columbia (Sun Peaks) January 2, 2009[14] Harper May 11, 2018
  Hervieux-Payette, CélineCéline Hervieux-Payette Liberal (Senate caucus)‡ Quebec (Bedford) March 21, 1995 Chrétien April 22, 2016
  Housakos, LeoLeo Housakos Conservative Quebec (Wellington) January 8, 2009[14] Harper January 10, 2043
  Hubley, LibbeLibbe Hubley Liberal (Senate caucus)‡ Prince Edward Island March 8, 2001[26] Chrétien September 8, 2017
  Jaffer, Mobina S.B.Mobina S.B. Jaffer Liberal (Senate caucus)‡ British Columbia June 13, 2001[27] Chrétien August 20, 2024
  Johnson, Janis G.Janis G. Johnson Conservative Manitoba (Winnipeg - Interlake) September 27, 1990 Mulroney April 27, 2021
  Joyal, SergeSerge Joyal Liberal (Senate caucus)‡ Quebec (Kennebec) November 26, 1997[28] Chrétien February 1, 2020
  Kenny, ColinColin Kenny Independent Ontario (Rideau) June 29, 1984 Trudeau December 10, 2018
  Kinsella, Noël A.Noël A. Kinsella Conservative New Brunswick (Fredericton-York-Sunbury) September 12, 1990 Mulroney November 28, 2014
  Lang, Hector DanielHector Daniel Lang Conservative Yukon (Whitehorse) January 2, 2009[14] Harper April 3, 2023
  LeBreton, MarjoryMarjory LeBreton Conservative Ontario June 18, 1993 Mulroney July 4, 2015
  Lovelace Nicholas, Sandra M.Sandra M. Lovelace Nicholas Liberal (Senate caucus)‡ New Brunswick September 21, 2005[17] Martin April 15, 2023
  MacDonald, Michael L.Michael L. MacDonald Conservative Nova Scotia (Dartmouth) January 2, 2009[14] Harper May 4, 2030
  Maltais, GhislainGhislain Maltais Conservative Quebec (Shawinigan) January 6, 2012[15] Harper April 22, 2019
  Manning, FabianFabian Manning Conservative Newfoundland and Labrador May 25, 2011[29] Harper May 21, 2039
  Marshall, ElizabethElizabeth Marshall Conservative Newfoundland and Labrador January 29, 2010[13] Harper September 7, 2026
  Martin, YonahYonah Martin Conservative British Columbia (Vancouver) January 2, 2009[14] Harper April 11, 2040
  Massicotte, Paul J.Paul J. Massicotte Liberal (Senate caucus)‡ Quebec (De Lanaudière) June 26, 2003[23] Chrétien September 10, 2026
  McCoy, ElaineElaine McCoy Independent Progressive Conservative Alberta March 24, 2005[21] Martin March 7, 2021
  McInnis, TomTom McInnis Conservative Nova Scotia September 6, 2012[12] Harper April 9, 2020
  McIntyre, PaulPaul McIntyre Conservative New Brunswick September 6, 2012[12] Harper November 2, 2019
  Mercer, Terry M.Terry M. Mercer Liberal (Senate caucus)‡ Nova Scotia (Northend Halifax) November 7, 2003[30] Chrétien May 6, 2022
  Merchant, PanaPana Merchant Liberal (Senate caucus)‡ Saskatchewan December 12, 2002[19] Chrétien April 2, 2018
  Don MeredithDon Meredith Conservative Ontario December 18, 2010[31] Harper July 13, 2039
  Mitchell, GrantGrant Mitchell Liberal (Senate caucus)‡ Alberta March 24, 2005[21] Martin July 19, 2026
  Mockler, PercyPercy Mockler Conservative New Brunswick (Saint-Léonard) January 2, 2009[14] Harper April 14, 2024
  Moore, Wilfred P.Wilfred P. Moore Liberal (Senate caucus)‡ Nova Scotia (Stanhope St./South Shore) September 26, 1996[32] Chrétien January 14, 2017
  Munson, JimJim Munson Liberal (Senate caucus)‡ Ontario (Ottawa/Rideau Canal) December 10, 2003[30] Chrétien July 24, 2021
  Nancy Ruth Conservative Ontario (Cluny) March 24, 2005[21] Martin January 6, 2017
  Neufeld, RichardRichard Neufeld Conservative British Columbia (Charlie Lake) January 2, 2009[14] Harper November 6, 2019
  Ngo, Thanh HaiThanh Hai Ngo Conservative Ontario September 6, 2012[12] Harper January 3, 2022
   Nolin, Pierre ClaudePierre Claude Nolin Conservative Quebec (De Salaberry) June 18, 1993 Mulroney October 30, 2025
  Ogilvie, KelvinKelvin Ogilvie Conservative Nova Scotia August 27, 2009[18] Harper November 6, 2017
  Oh, VictorVictor Oh Conservative Ontario January 25, 2013[11] Harper June 10, 2024
  Patterson, DennisDennis Patterson Conservative Nunavut August 27, 2009[18] Harper December 30, 2023
  Plett, DonDon Plett Conservative Manitoba August 27, 2009[18] Harper May 14, 2025
  Poirier, Rose-MayRose-May Poirier Conservative New Brunswick February 28, 2010[13] Harper March 2, 2029
  Ringuette, PierrettePierrette Ringuette Liberal (Senate caucus)‡ New Brunswick December 12, 2002[19] Chrétien December 31, 2030
  Rivard, MichelMichel Rivard Conservative Quebec (The Laurentides) January 2, 2009[14] Harper August 7, 2016
  Rivest, Jean-ClaudeJean-Claude Rivest Independent Quebec (Stadacona) March 11, 1993 Mulroney January 27, 2018
  Robichaud, FernandFernand Robichaud Liberal (Senate caucus)‡ New Brunswick September 23, 1997[16] Chrétien December 2, 2014
  Runciman, BobBob Runciman Conservative Ontario January 29, 2010[13] Harper August 10, 2017
  Seidman, JudithJudith Seidman Conservative Quebec (De la Durantaye) August 27, 2009[18] Harper September 1, 2025
  Seth, AshaAsha Seth Conservative Ontario January 6, 2012[15] Harper December 15, 2014
  Sibbeston, Nick G.Nick G. Sibbeston Liberal (Senate caucus)‡ Northwest Territories September 2, 1999[25] Chrétien November 21, 2018
  Smith, David P.David P. Smith Liberal (Senate caucus)‡ Ontario (Cobourg) June 25, 2002[33] Chrétien May 16, 2016
  Smith, LarryLarry Smith Conservative Quebec (Saurel) May 25, 2011[34] Harper April 28, 2026
  Stewart-Olsen, CarolynCarolyn Stewart-Olsen Conservative New Brunswick August 27, 2009[18] Harper July 27, 2021
  Tannas, ScottScott Tannas Conservative Alberta March 25, 2013[35] Harper February 25, 2037
  Tardif, ClaudetteClaudette Tardif Liberal (Senate caucus)‡ Alberta March 24, 2005[21] Martin July 27, 2023
   Tkachuk, DavidDavid Tkachuk Conservative Saskatchewan June 8, 1993 Mulroney February 18, 2020
  Unger, BettyBetty Unger Conservative Alberta January 6, 2012[15] Harper August 8, 2018
  Verner, JoséeJosée Verner Conservative Quebec (Montarville) June 13, 2011[36] Harper December 30, 2034
  Wallace, John D.John D. Wallace Conservative New Brunswick (Rothesay) January 2, 2009[14] Harper March 26, 2024
  Wallin, PamelaPamela Wallin* Independent Saskatchewan (Kuroki Beach) January 2, 2009[14] Harper April 10, 2028
  Watt, CharlieCharlie Watt Liberal (Senate caucus)‡ Quebec (Inkerman) January 16, 1984 Trudeau June 29, 2019
  Wells, DavidDavid Wells Conservative Newfoundland and Labrador January 25, 2013[11] Harper February 28, 2037
  White, VernonVernon White Conservative Ontario February 20, 2012[37] Harper February 21, 2034

^Quebec is the only province with Senate divisions that are constitutionally mandated. In all other provinces, a Senate division is strictly an optional designation of the senator's own choosing, and has no real constitutional or legal standing. A senator who does not choose a special senate division is considered a senator for the province at large.[2]

^ * These 3 Senators have been suspended. They remain Senators but are unpaid and unable to debate or vote on issues before the Senate.

^ ‡ On January 29, 2014, Liberal Party leader Justin Trudeau announced all Liberal Senators were removed from the Liberal parliamentary caucus, and asked to sit as independents,[38] however the Senators retained their party membership, and still refer to themselves as Liberals.[39]

Standings[edit]

The distribution of senators by party and by province is as follows:[40]

Seating plan of the Canadian Senate
Province or Territory Senators
Con. Lib. Ind. Vacant Total
Alberta 3 2 1 0 6
British Columbia 3 2 0 1 6
Manitoba 3 1 0 2 6
New Brunswick 6 4 0 0 10
Newfoundland and Labrador 4 2 0 0 6
Northwest Territories 0 1 0 0 1
Nova Scotia 4 4 0 2 10
Nunavut 1 0 0 0 1
Ontario 14 4 2 4 24
Prince Edward Island 0 3 1 0 4
Quebec 14 6 2 2 24
Saskatchewan 3 2 1 0 6
Yukon 1 0 0 0 1
Total 56 31 7 11 105

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Makarenko, Jay (June 1, 2007). "The Canadian Senate: Role, Powers & Operation". MapleLeafWeb. Retrieved November 24, 2008. 
  2. ^ a b c "A Legislative and Historical Overview of the Senate of Canada". Parliament of Canada. May 2001. Retrieved November 24, 2008. 
  3. ^ "Western premiers urge further Senate reform". The Globe and Mail. May 30, 2006. Retrieved November 24, 2008. 
  4. ^ Knox, Jack (November 27, 2008). "Barack hasn't called, so I'm aiming for Canadian Senate seat". Times-Colonist. Retrieved November 27, 2008. 
  5. ^ Makarenko, Jay (October 1, 2006). "Senate Reform in Canada". MapleLeafWeb. Retrieved November 24, 2008. 
  6. ^ a b Curry, Bill; Brian Laghli (May 19, 2008). "Saskatchewan plans to elect senators". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved November 24, 2008. 
  7. ^ Yaffe, Barbara (June 22, 2008). "Move for an elected Senate will take time and patience". The Montreal Gazette (Canwest News Service). Retrieved November 28, 2008. 
  8. ^ "Women in the Senate". Parliament of Canada. Retrieved June 21, 2012. 
  9. ^ Journals of the Senate, July 12, 2010.
  10. ^ Journals of the Senate, April 16, 2002.
  11. ^ a b c d e Journals of the Senate, February 5, 2013.
  12. ^ a b c d e Journals of the Senate, September 25, 2012.
  13. ^ a b c d Journals of the Senate, March 3, 2010.
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Journals of the Senate, January 26, 2009.
  15. ^ a b c d e f Senators in Alphabetical Order, Senate of Canada.
  16. ^ a b Journals of the Senate, September 23, 1997.
  17. ^ a b c d e Journals of the Senate, September 28, 2005.
  18. ^ a b c d e f g h Journals of the Senate, September 15, 2009.
  19. ^ a b c Journals of the Senate, February 4, 2003.
  20. ^ Journals of the Senate, June 13, 2000.
  21. ^ a b c d e f Journals of the Senate, April 12, 2005.
  22. ^ Journals of the Senate, October 16, 2001.
  23. ^ a b Journals of the Senate, September 16, 2003.
  24. ^ Journals of the Senate, September 22, 1998.
  25. ^ a b Journals of the Senate, September 7, 1999.
  26. ^ Journals of the Senate, March 13, 2001.
  27. ^ Journals of the Senate, September 18, 2001.
  28. ^ Journals of the Senate, December 2, 1997.
  29. ^ Journals of the Senate, June 7, 2011.
  30. ^ a b Journals of the Senate, February 2, 2004.
  31. ^ Journals of the Senate, February 1, 2011.
  32. ^ Journals of the Senate, September 22, 1996.
  33. ^ Journals of the Senate, September 30, 2002.
  34. ^ Journals of the Senate, June 2, 2011.
  35. ^ Journals of the Senate, April 16, 2013.
  36. ^ Journals of the Senate, June 14, 2011.
  37. ^ Journals of the Senate, February 28, 2012.
  38. ^ http://www.cbc.ca/news/politics/justin-trudeau-removes-senators-from-liberal-caucus-1.2515273
  39. ^ "Trudeau’s expulsion catches Liberal senators by surprise". Globe and Mail. January 29, 2014. Retrieved January 29, 2014. 
  40. ^ . The Senate of Canada http://sen.parl.gc.ca/portal/canada-senators-e.htm. Retrieved February 9, 2014.  Missing or empty |title= (help)