List of proposed missions to the Moon

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There are several future lunar missions scheduled or proposed by various nations or organisations.

Under development[edit]

Country Name Launch due
(Private) GLXP Barcelona Moon Team June 2015[1]
(Private) GLXP Penn State Lunar Lion Team July 2015[2]
(Private) GLXP Moon Express 2015[3]
(Private) GLXP Astrobotic Technology 2015[4]
 China Chang'e 4 2015
 Russia Luna-Glob 1 2016[5][6]
 India Chandrayaan-2 2017[7][8]
 China Chang'e 5 2017[9]
 Russia Luna-Glob 2 (Luna-Resurs) 2018[10][11]
 USA ILN Node 1 2018[12]
 China Chang'e 6 2020

Proposed[edit]

Space probe missions[edit]

The following robotic space probe missions have been proposed:

Country Name Launch due
(Private) Google Lunar X Prize Some missions in 2015
 Japan SELENE-2[13] 2017[14]
 USA International Lunar Network[12] 2018+
 Russia Luna-Grunt 2020 and 2021
 South Korea Moon orbiter and lander[15][16] 2020+
 North Korea Moon mission[17] Unknown
(Private) OpenLuna 2020+
 UK Lunar Mission One[18] 2024

Manned missions[edit]

Country Name Proposed
launch date
Nature of proposed mission
(Private) DSE-Alpha 2017 Mission to transport the first space tourists to fly around the Moon using Soyuz; proposed by Space Adventures (2005).[19][20]
 USA EM-2 2019-21 Manned test of Orion spacecraft in Lunar orbit
(Private) 2019 Manned moon landing and operation of lunar surface mineral extraction equipment proposed by Shackleton Energy Company (2012).
 India 2020 Manned moon landing; proposed by ISRO (2009).[21]
 Japan 2020 Manned moon landing; proposed by JAXA (2006).[22]
(Private) 2020+ Manned moon landing proposed by Golden Spike Company (2012).[23]
(Private) OpenLuna 2020+
 Europe Aurora programme[24] 2024 Manned moon landing; proposed by ESA.[25]
 Iran 2025 Manned moon landing; proposed by ISA (2010).[26]
 China CLEP 2025+ Manned moon landing; proposed by CNSA.[27][28]
 Russia 2025+ Manned moon landing; proposed by RFSA (2007).[29]

NB. Launch dates are aspirational and may change drastically as the planning and preparation progresses.

Cancelled or indefinitely postponed[edit]

Country Name Launch due
 Japan Lunar-A 2004 Integrated into Russia's Luna-Glob 1 mission[30]
 Germany LEO 2012 Mission postponed indefinitely due to budgetary constraints[31]
 UK MoonLITE[32][33] 2014
 USA Constellation program 2020 Mission cancelled by Congress[34]
 Europe Lunar Lander[35][36] 2018 Cancelled in 2012
 USA MoonRise[37] 2018 Not funded by NASA in 2011 funding competition

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Barcelona Moon Team shifts launch date for the lunar mission to June 2015 – Press Release.". barcelonamoonteam.com. 2013-09-12. Retrieved 2013-11-14. 
  2. ^ Nick Azer (2013-11-27). "Moon Roundup: Launch News & Plants on the Moon". googlelunarxprize.org. Retrieved 2013-12-03. 
  3. ^ Hennigan, W.J. (2011-04-08). "MoonEx aims to scour moon for rare materials". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2011-04-10. MoonEx's machines are designed to look for materials that are scarce on Earth but found in everything from a Toyota Prius car battery to guidance systems on cruise missiles. ... The company is among several teams hoping to someday win the Google Lunar X Prize competition, a $30-million race to the moon in which a privately-funded team must successfully place a robot on the moon's surface and have it explore at least 1/3 of a mile. It also must transmit high definition video and images back to Earth before 2016. ... should be ready to land on the lunar surface by 2013 
  4. ^ "Lander & Rover Payload User’s Guide Version 2.1". Mission manifest (pdf). Astrobotic Technology. Mission Launch Date Vehicle(s) Landing Site Payload Moon Cruiser December 2013 Falcon 9 / Lander / Rover An Apollo Site 110 kg Polar Excavator July 2015 Falcon 9 / Lander / Rover South Pole 110 kg Customer Driven Q3 2016 Falcon 9 / Lander / [Rover] Customer Driven 210 [110] kg ... Actual launch dates and destinations are determined by customer demands; additional targets include lava tubes, circumnavigations, etc. Missions landing without a rover can deliver 210 kg of payload. 
  5. ^ "Should Russia participate in the new Moon race" (in Russian). Independent Gazette. 23 January 2008. Retrieved 2008-11-11. 
  6. ^ Craig Covault (4 June 2006). "Russia Plans Ambitious Robotic Lunar Mission". Aviation Week. Retrieved 2008-11-11. 
  7. ^ "Chandrayaan II may be delayed, says ISRO Chief". Space Travel. Sep 12, 2012. Retrieved 2012-10-29. 
  8. ^ "Rogozin presses Russian lunar base, Chandrayaan-2 delayed by Proton and Phobos-Grunt investigations". Lunar Networks. September 13, 2012. Retrieved 2012-10-29. 
  9. ^ "China plans to launch Chang'e 5 in 2017". XinHua News. Dec 16, 2013. 
  10. ^ "Centre approves Chandrayaan II". Deccan Herald. 19 September 2008. Retrieved 2008-11-09. [dead link]
  11. ^ http://www.russianspaceweb.com/luna_resurs.html
  12. ^ a b "ILN". NASA. Retrieved 2008-11-11. 
  13. ^ Paul Kallender (19 May 2003). "Japan Proposes Cheaper Alternative To Stalled Moon Lander". Space.com. Retrieved 2008-11-11. [dead link]
  14. ^ "月着陸・探査ミッション(SELENE-2) の現状について" (PDF) (in Japanese). 2011-02-09. Retrieved 2011-04-13. 
  15. ^ Kim, Jack (20 November 2007). "South Korea eyes moon orbiter in 2020, landing 2025". Reuters. Retrieved 2008-11-09. 
  16. ^ Pak, Han-pyol (1 July 2013). "핵전지 실은 한국형 로버 … 지구서 우주인터넷 통해 조종". 중앙일보. Retrieved 2013-07-19. 
  17. ^ Lele, Ajey (2013). Asian Space Race: Rhetoric Or Reality. Springer. pp. 70–72. ISBN 978-81-322-0732-0. 
  18. ^ "UK 'to lead moon landing' funded by public contributions". BBC News. 19 November 2014. 
  19. ^ Whittington, Mark (29 January 2011). "Space Adventures Closer to Private 'Round the Moon Voyage". Yahoo! News. Retrieved 29 March 2011. 
  20. ^ "Lunar Mission Details". Space Adventures. Retrieved 29 March 2011. 
  21. ^ "India's manned moon mission by 2025: ISRO". The Hindu. 12 January 2009. Retrieved 24 May 2010. 
  22. ^ "Japan Plans Moon Base By 2030". Moon Daily (SpaceDaily.com). 3 August 2006. Retrieved 24 May 2010. 
  23. ^ "Golden Spike Company Unveils Plans to Fly Commercial Crews to the Moon", Wired Magazine, 6 Dec 2012, accessed 7 Dec 2012.
  24. ^ "The European Space Exploration Programme Aurora". European Space Agency. Retrieved 24 May 2010. 
  25. ^ "The Race to Mars". Discover Magazine. 22 November 2005. Retrieved 24 May 2010. 
  26. ^ Guy Martin. "Iran sends rocket into space; improves its missile capabilities". 
  27. ^ "Moon may light man's future". China Daily. 15 August 2009. 
  28. ^ "China has no timetable for manned moon landing: chief scientist". Xin Hua News. 19 Sep 2012. 
  29. ^ "Russia to send manned mission to the Moon by 2025 - space agency". Russian News and Information Agency. 31 August 2007. Retrieved 24 May 2010. 
  30. ^ "Japan's Moon mission in jeopardy". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. 15 January 2007. Retrieved 2008-11-09. "Luna-Glob". Gunter's Space Page. 6 November 2008. Retrieved 2008-11-11. 
  31. ^ "Just watch. Don't Touch. Moon Mission busted." (in German). n-tv. 12 July 2008. Retrieved 2008-11-09. 
  32. ^ Craig Brown (11 January 2007). "British scientists shoot for the moon". Edinburgh: The Scotsman. Retrieved 2007-11-24. 
  33. ^ Pallab Ghosh (10 January 2007). "Britain plans first Moon mission". BBC. Retrieved 2008-11-09. 
  34. ^ NASA's 2011 Budget Should Allow Flexibility Despite Cuts, Space.com, 15 Apr 2011.
  35. ^ Bérengère Houdou; James Carpenter (2008-10-30). "The MoonNEXT Mission". LEAG - ILEWG - SRR. ESA/ESTEC, The Netherlands. Retrieved 2011-03-17. 
  36. ^ "Fly us to the Moon…south pole to be precise". ESA news. 2010-03-31. Retrieved 2011-03-17. 
  37. ^ "ILN". NASA. Retrieved 2008-11-11.