List of dams and reservoirs in Pakistan

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Location of major Dams in Pakistan

According to the International Commission on Large Dams, total dams and reservoirs in Pakistan over the height of 15 m (49 ft) are 150.[1] Tarbela Dam is the largest earth filled dam in the world and is second largest by the structural volume.[2][3] Mirani Dam is the largest dam in the world in terms of volume for flood protection with a floodstock of 588,690 cubic hectometer [4] while Sabakzai Dam is 7th largest in the world with a floodstock of 23,638 cubic hectometer.[4]

Operation Large dams[edit]

According to ICOLD, dams with height above the foundation greater than 15 metres (49 ft) are known as large dams.[5][6] The complete list of large dams in Pakistan is provided below.[7]

Bold: major dams, height > 100 metres (330 ft)
NA: data unavailable

Azad Kashmir[edit]

Name Location/
nearest city
Impounds Height Storage capacity Year of completion
Kakra Dam Mirpur District, Kakra Saddle dam 42 metres (138 ft) n/a 1967
Mangla Dam Mirpur District Jhelum River 138 metres (453 ft) 7,251,811,000 m3 (5,879,139 acre·ft) 1967
Sukhian Dam Mirpur District Saddle dam 44 metres (144 ft) n/a 1967
Jari Kas Dam Mirpur District Saddle dam 84 metres (276 ft) n/a 1967
Jari Rim Works Mirpur District Saddle dam 42 metres (138 ft) n/a 1967

Balochistan[edit]

Name Location/
nearest city
Impounds Height Storage capacity Year of completion
Akra Kaur Dam Gwadar Akra Kaur River 21 metres (69 ft) 21,000,000 m3 (17,025 acre·ft) 1995
Amach Dam Mastung Amach River 15.2 metres (50 ft) 1,675,000 m3 (1,358 acre·ft) 1987
Baghak Dam
Band-e-Chaman Dam Turbat Band-e-Chaman River 15 metres (49 ft) 2,467,000 m3 (2,000 acre·ft) 1994
Bisialla Dam
Bostan Darra Dam Quetta Darra Manda River 20 metres (66 ft) 210,000 m3 (170 acre·ft) 1987
Brewary Dam
Kuchnai Dara Dam
Duz Durg Dam Mastung Duz Dur River 15.2 metres (50 ft) 49,000 m3 (40 acre·ft) 1984
Galangoor Dam
Ganj Dara Dam
Ghargi Dam Pishin n/a 15.2 metres (50 ft) 123,000 m3 (100 acre·ft) 1986
Ghat Amoon Dam
Ghunza Dam Pishin n/a 15.2 metres (50 ft) 220,000 m3 (178 acre·ft) 1984
Ghuti Shela Dam
Giwari Dam
Gogi Dam Ziarat Gogi River 16.5 metres (54 ft) 493,000 m3 (400 acre·ft) 1981
Gokar Dam
Gur Dam Kalat n/a 15.2 metres (50 ft) 498,000 m3 (404 acre·ft) 1982
Haero Dam
Hingi Dam Quetta Hingi 15 metres (49 ft) 201,000 m3 (163 acre·ft) 1995–96
Hub Dam Malir Hub River 48 metres (157 ft) 1,057,000,000 m3 (856,924 acre·ft) 1979
Khad Koocha Dam Mastung Kad Koocha River 15.2 metres (50 ft) 117,000 m3 (95 acre·ft) 1984
Khajeer Dam Qila Saifullah Khajeer River 15 metres (49 ft) 308,000 m3 (250 acre·ft) 1991
Khori Dam
Kohar Dam
Nari Kach Dam
Kullan Dam
Lalai Dam
Machka Manda Dam
Mana Storage Dam Ziarat Mana River 19.8 metres (65 ft) 1,825,000 m3 (1,480 acre·ft) 1961
Mangi Dam Ziarat Boin Viala River 18 metres (59 ft) 130,000 m3 (105 acre·ft) 1982
Mirani Dam Makran Dasht River 39 metres (128 ft) 373,000,000 m3 (302,396 acre·ft) 2007
Morinko Dam
Murghai Check Dam
Murghai Kotal Dam
Nali Mirdadzai Storage Dam
Nishpa Dam Mastung Nishpa River 15 metres (49 ft) 115,000 m3 (93 acre·ft) 1994
Nousahr Dam
Nundra Kapper Dam
Palian Dam
Pinakai Dam Qila Saifullah Pinakai River 15.2 metres (50 ft) 48,000 m3 (39 acre·ft) 1994
Rindak Storage Dam
Sabakzai Dam Zhob Zhob River 34.75 metres (114.0 ft) 32,700 acre·ft (40,334,856 m3) 2016
Sasnak Mana Storage Dam Ziarat Sasnak River 19 metres (62 ft) 271,000 m3 (220 acre·ft) 1993
Sassi Punnu Dam
Shadak Dam Pishin Shadak River 15.2 metres (50 ft) 86,000 m3 (70 acre·ft) 1983
Shadi Kaur Storage Dam
Shagai Dam Quetta n/a 15.2 metres (50 ft) 381,000 m3 (309 acre·ft) 1993
Sherran Manda Dam
Shiker Dam Pishin Shiker River 19 metres (62 ft) 61,000 m3 (49 acre·ft) 1988
Spin Dam
Spinkarez Dam Quetta Nar River and Murdar River 29 metres (95 ft) 6,800,000 m3 (5,513 acre·ft) 1945
Tabai Dam Quetta Tabai River 15 metres (49 ft) 175,000 m3 (142 acre·ft) 1994
Takhtani Dam
Tang Storage Dam
Tanga Dam
Tangi Dababri Dam
Tangi Dam Qila Saifullah Tangi River 15.2 metres (50 ft) 75,000 m3 (61 acre·ft) 1997
Thamarak Dam Pishin n/a 15.2 metres (50 ft) 241,000 m3 (195 acre·ft) 1986
Tooth Dam Kalat Tooth River 16 metres (52 ft) 490,000 m3 (397 acre·ft) 1991
Torkehezi Dam
Trikh Tangi Dam
Under Base Dam Qila Saifullah Under Base River 15.2 metres (50 ft) 86,000 m3 (70 acre·ft) 1985
Walitangi Dam Quetta Walitangi River 24 metres (79 ft) 510,000 m3 (413 acre·ft) 1961

FATA[edit]

Name Location/
nearest city
Impounds Height Storage capacity Year of completion
Dandy Dam Miranshah 25 m (82 ft) 5,945,000 m3 (4,820 acre·ft) 2011[8]
Dargai Pal Dam Wana 30 m (98 ft) 5,896,000 m3 (4,780 acre·ft) 2008[9]
Gomal Zam Dam Wana 133 m (436 ft) 1,400,000,000 m3 (1,134,998 acre·ft) 2012[10]

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa[edit]

Name Location/
nearest city
Impounds Height Storage capacity Year of completion
Allai Khwar[11] Battagram Allai Khwar River 51 metres (167 ft) 2012[12]
Auxiliary Kandar Dam Kohat Dargai Algad River 23 metres (75 ft) 2004
Aza Khel Dam Peshawar n/a 23 metres (75 ft) 2004
Baran Dam Bannu Baran River 24 metres (79 ft) 1962
Chaatri Dam Haripur Nain Sukh River 26 metres (85 ft) 1971
Chanda Fateh Khan Dam Kohat n/a 25 metres (82 ft) 2004
Changhoz Dam Karak Changhoz River 43 metres (141 ft) 2007
Darwazai Dam Kohat Sodal Algada River 15 metres (49 ft) 1976
Gandially Dam Kohat Taru Algada River 22 metres (72 ft) 2002
Kahal Dam Hazara Kahal River 22 metres (72 ft) 1971
Kandar Dam Kohat Dargai Algada River 27 metres (89 ft) 1970
Khal Dam Haripur Khal Kass River 23 metres (75 ft) 1971
Khan Khwar Besham, Shangla Khan Khwar River 46 metres (151 ft) 2012[12]
Khanpur Dam Haripur Haro River 51 metres (167 ft) 1985
Mang Dam Haripur Haro River 16 metres (52 ft) 1970
Naryab Dam Hangu Naryab River 32 metres (105 ft) 2006
Warsak Dam Peshawar Kabul River 67 metres (220 ft) 76,492,000 m3 (62,013 acre·ft) 1960
Zaibi Dam Karak Zaibi Algad River 25 metres (82 ft) 1997
Tanda Dam Kohat Kohat River 35 metres (115 ft) 1967
Tarbela Auxiliary-1 Dam Ghazi Indus River 105 metres (344 ft) 1974
Tarbela Auxiliary-2 Dam Ghazi Indus River 67 metres (220 ft) 1974
Tarbela Dam Haripur Indus River 143.26 metres (470.0 ft) 13,690,000,000 m3 (11,098,664 acre·ft) 1974
Sharki Dam Karak Tem River 40 metres (130 ft) 2006
Duber Khwar Pattan, Kohistan Khan Khwar River 97.57 metres (320.1 ft) 2013[12]

Punjab[edit]

Name Location/
nearest city
Impounds Height Storage capacity Year of completion
Ghazi Barotha Dam Indus River
Gurab Dam
Haji Shah Dam Attock, Punjab Sil river 22 metres (72 ft) 1,800,000 m3 (1,459 acre·ft) 2013-14
Jabbi Dam
Jamal Dam
Jammargal Dam
Jawa Dam
Jurash Dam
Kahuta Dam
Kanjoor Dam
Khasala Dam
Lehri Dam
Mailsi Dam
Mirwal Dam
Misriot Dam
Namal Dam Mianwali District
Nirali Dam
Qibla Bandi Dam
Rati Kassi Dam
Rawal Dam Islamabad Capital Territory Korang River
Salial Dam
Shahpur Dam
Shakardara Dam
Tain Pura Dam
Simly Dam Islamabad Capital Territory Soan River
Dhok Sandy Mar Dam
Dhok Tahlian Dam
Dungi Dam
Bhugtal Dam
Channi Bor Dam
Chbla Bano Dam
Chichali Dam

Operational Small[edit]

Punjab[edit]

Attock District[edit]

  • Basal Dam
  • Thatti Syedan Dam
  • Sawal Dam
  • Talikna Dam
  • Jabba Dam
  • Jalwal Dam

Chakwal District[edit]

There are 12 small dams in Chakwal district having storage capacity of 26,411 in acres feet irrigating 11,089 acres of area.[13]

  • Khokher Zer Dam
  • Surlah Dam
  • Dhoke Talian Dam
  • Kot Raja Dam
  • Dhoke Qutab Din Dam
  • Nikka Dam
  • Walana Dam
  • Khai Gurabh Dam
  • Pira Fatehal Dam
  • Bhagtal Dam
  • Dhurnal Dam
  • Mial Dam

Jhelum District[edit]

  • Tain Pura Dam[14]
  • Jammergal Dam
  • Garat Dam
  • Salial Dam
  • Domeli Dam
  • Shah Habib Dam
  • Gurha Utam Singh Dam
  • Fatehpur Dam
  • Lehri Dam

Sindh[edit]

Name Location/
nearest city
Impounds Height Storage capacity Year of completion
Karoonjhar Dam
Chotiari Dam

Proposed and under construction[edit]

Balochistan[edit]

  • Garuk Dam – proposed dam located on Garuk River, 47 km south east of Kharan District, Balochistan. The earth core rock-filled dam will have a height of 184 feet and a reservoir capacity of 50,695 acre feet. The reservoir when completed will irrigate a command area of 12,500 acres and will have hydro-power capacity of 300 KW.[15]
  • Pelar Dam – proposed dam located across Nai River in Awaran District, Balochistan. The concrete gravity dam will be 60 feet high and will have a gross storage capacity of 99,175 acre feet. It will irrigate a command area of 25,650 acres. Installed capacity of the power station will be 300 KW.[16] Due to financial constraints, funding for the project was stopped in 2011.[17]
  • Winder Dam – proposed dam on Winder River, Balochistan about 125 km from Lasbela city. The earth core rockfill dam will be 102 feet high with a gross storage capacity of 36,484 acre-feet and a command area of 10,000 acres. It will have an hydro-power generation capacity of 300 KW.[18]
  • Hingol Dam – proposed
  • Sukleji Dam – under construction
  • Naulong Dam – under construction
  • Darawat Dam - construction completed in 2014.

Gilgit Baltistan[edit]

Federally Administered Tribal Areas[edit]

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa[edit]

Punjab[edit]

Sindh[edit]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Number of Dams by Country Members". General Synthesis. International Commission on Large Dams (ICOLD). Retrieved 9 July 2012. 
  2. ^ Asianics Agro-Dev. International (Pvt) Ltd. (2000) (PDF). Tarbela Dam and related aspects of the Indus River Basin, Pakistan (Report). Cape Town: World Commission on Dams. http://www.dams.org/docs/kbase/studies/cspkmain.pdf. Retrieved 2010-10-28.
  3. ^ Earth Sciences Web Team. "Tarbela Dam, Pakistan". Earth Observatory. National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Retrieved 2010-10-28. 
  4. ^ a b "Classification By Volume For Flood Protection". General Synthesis. International Commission on Large Dams (ICOLD). Retrieved 9 July 2012. 
  5. ^ "General Synthesis". Register Of Dams. International Commission on Large Dams (ICOLD). Retrieved 9 July 2012. 
  6. ^ "Questions and Answers About Large Dams". International Rivers. Retrieved 9 July 2012. 
  7. ^ "Province-wise List of Completed Dams in Pakistan". Water Statistics of Pakistan. Ministry of Water and Power, Govt. of Pakistan. Retrieved 9 August 2012. 
  8. ^ "Dandy Dam". FATA Development Authority. Retrieved 23 February 2013. 
  9. ^ "Dargai Pal Dam". FATA Development Authority. Retrieved 23 February 2013. 
  10. ^ "Hydroelectric Power Plants in Pakistan". IndustCards. Retrieved 23 February 2013. 
  11. ^ "ALLAI KHWAR HYDROPOWER PROJECT". WAPDA. Retrieved 12 January 2013. 
  12. ^ a b c "Allai Khwar hydropower project to start generation by month-end". The News International. 17 October 2012. Retrieved 12 January 2013. 
  13. ^ http://punjab.gov.pk/chakwal_small_dams
  14. ^ http://www.jhelum.gop.pk/small-dams
  15. ^ "GARUK DAM PROJECT". WAPDA, Govt of Pakistan. Retrieved 5 July 2012. 
  16. ^ "PELAR DAM PROJECT". WAPDA, Govt. of Pakistan. Retrieved 6 July 2012. 
  17. ^ "Funds for dozens of power projects, dams stopped". Dawn News. Retrieved 6 July 2012. 
  18. ^ "WINDER DAM PROJECT". WAPDA, Govt of Pakistan. Retrieved 6 July 2012.