List of dates for Easter

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Dates for Easter
1994 - 2034
In Gregorian dates
Year Western Eastern
1994 April 3 May 1
1995 April 16 April 23
1996 April 7 April 14
1997 March 30 April 27
1998 April 12 April 19
1999 April 4 April 11
2000 April 23 April 30
2001 April 15
2002 March 31 May 5
2003 April 20 April 27
2004 April 11
2005 March 27 May 1
2006 April 16 April 23
2007 April 8
2008 March 23 April 27
2009 April 12 April 19
2010 April 4
2011 April 24
2012 April 8 April 15
2013 March 31 May 5
2014 April 20
2015 April 5 April 12
2016 March 27 May 1
2017 April 16
2018 April 1 April 8
2019 April 21 April 28
2020 April 12 April 19
2021 April 4 May 2
2022 April 17 April 24
2023 April 9 April 16
2024 March 31 May 5
2025 April 20
2026 April 5 April 12
2027 March 28 May 2
2028 April 16
2029 April 1 April 8
2030 April 21 April 28
2031 April 13
2032 March 28 May 2
2033 April 17 April 24
2034 April 9

The date of Easter varies in a manner too complicated to summarize in a simple formula, and in most years differs between the usage of Western and Eastern Christianity (and the usages of the countries where they are respectively more influential).

Following the Council of Nicaea, the date for Easter was completely divorced from the Jewish calendar and its computations for Passover. Thereafter, in principle, Easter fell on the Sunday following the full moon that follows the Northern spring equinox (the so-called Paschal Full Moon). However, the vernal equinox and the full moon were not determined by astronomical observation. Instead, the Spring Equinox was fixed to fall on the 21st day of March, while the full moon (known as the ecclesiastical full moon) was fixed at 14 days after the beginning of the ecclesiastical lunar month (known as the ecclesiastical new moon). Easter thus falls on the Sunday after the ecclesiastical full moon. The computus is the procedure of determining the first Sunday after the first ecclesiastical full moon falling on or after 21 March and the difficulty arose from doing this over the span of centuries without accurate means of measuring the precise solar or lunar years.

The model that was worked out assumes that 19 tropical years have the same duration as 235 synodic months (modern value: 234.997).[1]

Since the 16th century, there have been differences in the calculation of Easter between the Western and Eastern Churches. The Roman Catholic Church since 1583 has been using 21 March under the Gregorian calendar to calculate the date of Easter, while the Eastern Orthodox continued and continue to use 21 March under the Julian Calendar. The Catholic and Protestant denominations thus use an ecclesiastical full moon that occurs four to five days earlier than the eastern one.

Earliest Easter[edit]

Western/Gregorian

In 1818 the Paschal Full Moon fell on Saturday March 21 (the equinox). Therefore the following day, March 22, was Easter. It will not fall as early again until 2285 - a span of 467 years.

Orthodox/ Julian

The earliest dates for Orthodox Easter between 1875 and 2099 are, 22 March 1915 and 22 March 2010. Both dates are equivalent to April 4 in the Gregorian Calendar.

Latest Easter[edit]

Western/Gregorian

In 1943 an ecclesiastical Full Moon fell on Saturday March 20. As this was just before the equinox it was the next Full Moon (the Paschal Full Moon) on Sunday, April 18 which determined the date of Easter - April 25. It will not fall as late again until 2038 - a span of 95 years.

Orthodox/Julian

The latest dates for Orthodox Easter between 1875 and 2099 are, 25 April 1983 and 25 April 2078. Both dates are equivalent to May 8 in the Gregorian Calendar.

Western and Orthodox Easter on the same date[edit]

Despite using calendars that are apart by 13 days, Easter 2014 will fall on the same date. According to the Western (Gregorian) calendar, the first Paschal Full Moon after the Spring Equinox (March 21) falls on Monday, April 14, 2014. The following Sunday, April 20th, is therefore Easter Day.

According to the Orthodox (Julian) calendar (which is 13 days behind the Gregorian calendar) the Spring Equinox also falls on March 21. However, in the Gregorian Calendar this is April 3. The first Orthodox Full Moon after the Equinox falls on (Julian) Wednesday April 2, 2014 (Gregorian April 15). The following Sunday, (Julian) April 7th, is therefore Easter Day (Gregorian April 20).

Range of dates for Western and Orthodox Easter[edit]

Both calendars (Gregorian and Julian) calculate Easter as falling on dates between March 22nd and April 25th.However, because of the 13 day difference, any member of an Orthodox church would observe that the Western Easter falls between March 9th and April 12th on the Julian calendar. Conversely, any member of a Western church would observe that Orthodox Easter falls between April 4th and May 8th on the Gregorian calendar.

After 2099 the difference between both calendars will increase to 14 days.



The accompanying table provides both sets of dates, for recent decades and forthcoming years - see the Computus article for more details on the calculation.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Assuming a mean tropical year of 365.2421897 days as of 2000 and a long-term average synodal month of 29.530589 days. See tropical year and synodal month for details.