List of deadliest floods

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See also: List of floods

This is a list consisting of the deadliest floods worldwide with a minimum of 50 deaths.

List[edit]

Rank Death toll Event Location Date
1 2,500,000–3,700,000[1] 1931 China floods China 1931
2 900,000–2,000,000 1887 Yellow River flood China 1887
3 500,000–700,000 1938 Yellow River flood China 1938
4 231,000 Banqiao Dam failure, result of Typhoon Nina. Approximately 86,000 people died from flooding and another 145,000 died from subsequent disease. China 1975
5 145,000 1935 Yangtze river flood China 1935
6 100,000+ St. Felix's Flood, storm surge Netherlands 1530
7 100,000 Hanoi and Red River Delta flood North Vietnam 1971
8 up to 100,000[citation needed] 1911 Yangtze river flood China 1911
9 50,000–80,000 St. Lucia's flood, storm surge Netherlands 1287
10 60,000 North Sea flood, storm surge Netherlands 1212
11 40,000[citation needed] 1949 Eastern Guatemala flood Guatemala 1949
12 36,000 St. Marcellus flood, storm surge Netherlands 1219
13 30,000 1954 Yangtze river flood China 1954
14 28,700 1974 Bangladesh monsoon rain Bangladesh 1974
15 25,000–40,000 St. Marcellus flood / Grote Mandrenke, storm tide Netherlands, Germany, Denmark 1362
16 20,006 1999 Vargas mudslide Venezuela 1999
17 20,000 All Saints' Flood, storm surge Netherlands 1570
18 20,000 1939 Tianjin flood China 1939
19 14,000 Christmas flood, storm surge Netherlands, Germany, Denmark 1717
20 10,000–100,000 St. Elizabeth flood, storm surge Netherlands, Belgium 1421
21 8,000–15,000 Burchardi flood Germany, Denmark 1634
22 10,000 Great Iran Flood Iran 1954
23 10,000 1824 St. Petersburg flood Russia 1824
24 several thousands North Sea flood, storm surge Netherlands 1014
25 several thousands St. Juliana flood, storm surge Netherlands 1164
26 several thousands St. Agatha flood, storm surge Netherlands 1288
27 several thousands St. Clemens flood, storm surge Netherlands 1334
28 several thousands St. Mary Magdalene's flood Central Europe 1342
29 several thousands All Saints flood, storm surge Netherlands 1532
30 several thousands North Sea flood, storm surge Netherlands 1703
31 5,700 [2] 2013 North India floods India 2013
32 6,200 Sichuan, Hubei, Anhui flood China 1980
32 5,000 Cojup valley, Cordillera Blanca mountain range, landslide by massive avalanche Peru 1941
33 5,000–10,000 Rajputana flood India 1943
34 4,892 1968 Rajasthan, Gujarat monsoon rain India 1968
35 4,800 1951 Manchuria flood China 1951
36 3,838 1998 Eastern India, Bangladesh monsoon rain India, Bangladesh 1998
37 3,814 1989 Sichuan flood China 1989
38 3,800 1978 Northern India monsoon rain India 1978
39 3,656 1998 Yangtze river flood China 1998
40 3,500 1948 Fuzhou flood China 1948
41 3,084 1993 South Asian monsoon rain Nepal, India, Bangladesh, Pakistan 1993
42 3,076 2004 Eastern India, Bangladesh monsoon rain India, Bangladesh 2004
43 3,000 1992 Afghanistan flood, mainly, Gulbahar, Kalotak, Shutul, Parwan, flash flood, mudslide Afghanistan 1992
44 2,910 1950 Pakistan flood Pakistan 1950
45 1,828 2011 Southeast Asian floods Asia 2011
46 2,775 1996 China flood, torrential floods, mud-rock flows China 1996
47 2,566 1953 Japan flood, mainly Kitakyushu, Kumamoto, Wakayama, Kizugawa, massive rain, flood, mudslide Japan 1953
48 2,400 North Sea flood, storm surge Netherlands 838
49 2,400 2008 Indian floods by monsoon rain India 2008
50 2,379 1988 Bangladesh monsoon rain Bangladesh 1988
51 2,209 Johnstown Flood United States (Pennsylvania) 1889
52 2,142 North Sea flood of 1953 storm surge Netherlands, United Kingdom, Belgium 1953
53 2,075 1981 Sichuan, Shanxi Flood China 1981
54 2,055 1987 Bangladesh monsoon rain Bangladesh 1987
55 2,000–5,0001 Morvi dam burst India (Morvi, Gujarat) 1979
56 2,000–4,000 Huascaran, Ranrahirca landslide by massive avalanche Peru 1962
57 2,000–3,000 Mostaganem and Oran flood Algeria 1927
58 2,000+ Bristol Channel floods, 1607 England and Wales; possible tsunami 1607
59 1,909 Vajont Dam landslide and flood Italy 1963
60 1,834 1992 Pakistan, Northern India monsoon rain Pakistan, India 1992
61 1,723 1991 China flood, mainly, Sichuan, Guizhou, Hubei, torrential floods, mud-rock flows China 1991
62 1,700 1955 Northern India flood India 1955
63 1,624 Fujian, Anhui, Zhejiang flood China 2005
64 1,605–3,363 spring flooding Haiti, Dominican Republic 2004
65 1600–2,000 Pakistan floods, monsoon flooding[3][4][5][6] Pakistan 2010
66 1,558 St. Martin flood, storm surge Netherlands 1686
67 1,532 2002 China flood, torrential floods, mud-rock flows China 2002
68 1,503 Mumbai and the surrounding state Maharashtra, Karnataka, monsoon rain India 2005
69 1,437 1995 China flood, mainly, Hunan, Jiangxi, Liaoning, Sichuan, Fujian, torrential rain, devastating floods, mud-rock flows China 1995
70 1,348 2007 China flood, mountain torrents, mud-rock flows China 2007
71 1,268 Floods were caused by Tropical Storm Washing[7] Philippines 2011
72 1,144 2006 Southern Leyte mudslide Philippines 2006
73 1,072+ 2010 China floods, landslides China, North Korea 2010
74 1,029 2004 China flood, mountain torrents, mud-rock flows, landslide China 2004
75 1,000 1961 Bihar flood India 1961
76 992 Isahaya, massive rain and mudslide Japan 1957
77 941 Inuyama Iruka pond success Japan 1868
78 933 1938 Massive rain of Japan, mainly Tokyo, Kobe, massive rain and landslide Japan 1938
79 915 Barcelona, flash flood Spain 1962
80 894 January 2011 Rio de Janeiro floods and mudslides Brazil 2011
81 848 1977 Karachi flood Pakistan 1977
82 844 2006 North Korea flooding North Korea 2006
83 827 Algiers, Bab El Oued, devastating flood, mudslide Algeria 2001
84 800 North Sea flood, storm surge Netherlands 1825
85 800 2000 Mozambique flood Mozambique 2000
86 705 2006 Ethiopia flood, mainly Omo River Delta, Dire Dawa, Tena, Gode, flash flood, heavyrain Ethiopia 2006
87 702 1999 Vietnam flood, mainly occurred at Thua Thien Hue Vietnam 1999
88 677 2009 August 8 flood, due to Typhoon Morakot, An entire village of Shiaolin was buried at the southern county of Kaohsiung Taiwan 2009
89 672 1972 Seoul, Kyonggi flood South Korea 1972
90 653 1972 Luzon flood Philippines 1972
91 640 1987 Villatina landslide disaster Colombia 1987
92 610 2007 North Korea flooding North Korea 2007
93 540 1969 Tunisia flooding Tunisia 1969
94 532 Cuzco, Huallaga, torrential rain, flooding, landslide Peru 1982
95 517 1967 Massive rain of Japan, mainly, Kobe, Kure, Agano River, massive rain and landslide Japan 1967
96 506 KwaZulu-Natal South Africa 1987
97 500 Malawi, flash flood and landslide Malawi 1991
98 500 Gauldal, landslide Norway 1345
99 464 Lisbon flash flood Portugal 1967
100 445 Western Japan, massive rains and landslides Japan 1972
101 437 1967 Brazil flood, mainly Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo, flood and landslide Brazil 1967
102 429 2002 Nepal flood, mainly occurred at Makwanpur, monssnal rain, flood, landslide Nepal 2002
103 425 October 1999 Mexico floods, mainly occurred at Tabasco, Puebla, Chiapas, flood and mudslide as a result from Tropical Depression Eleven Mexico 1999
104 421 Malpasset Dam failure France 1959
105 420 St. Aarons Flood Amsterdam 1420
106 408 1969 South Korea flood, mainly, Gyeongsangbuk-do, Gyeongsangnam-do, Gangwon-do, torrential rain, landslide South Korea 1969
107 407 1993 Iran flood, mainly occurred at Isfahan, Bandar Abass, flash flood and landslide Iran 1993
108 405 1998 South Korea flood, heavy massive rain, landslide South Korea 1998
109 400 1955 Lebanon Tripoli flood Lebanon 1955
110 400 St. Francis Dam failure United States (Texas) 1928
111 386 Thailand, Malaysia, mainly, Nakhon, Songkhla, Kelantan, torrential rain Thailand, Malaysia, 1988
112 385 Ohio River flood of 1937 United States (Pennsylvania, Ohio, West Virginia, Kentucky, Indiana, Illinois) 1937
113 373 1966 Rio de Janeiro flood, flood and landslide Brazil 1966
114 364 Piura, Tumbes, torrential rain, flooding, landslide Peru 1983
115 360+ Great Dayton Flood United States 1913
116 360 1958 Buenos Aires flood Argentina 1958
117 353 2007 African Nations flood mainly Sudan, Nigeria, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Kenya, and many African country 2007
118 347 1996 Yemen flood Yemen 1996
119 345 1987 South Korea flood, mainly, Chungchongnam-do, Jeollanam-do, Kangwon, torrential rain, landslide South Korea 1987
120 342 2006 East African Flood Kenya, Ethiopia, Somalia 2006
121 315 North Sea flood of 1962 storm tide Germany 1962
122 313 2003 Sumatra flood, mainly Jambi, Batanghari, Tondano, torrential rain, flash flood, landslide Indonesia 2003
123 300–400 Flood in Miskolc, 1878 Miskolc, Hungary 1878
124 300 Quebrada Blanca canyon, landslide Colombia 1974
125 300-400 Kashmir, J&K India 2014
126 300 Pampayacta avalanche Peru 1963
127 299 Nagasaki, massive rain and landslide Japan 1982
128 290 Rio de Janeiro and Fluminense flood Brazil 1988
129 272 1973 Granada, Almeria, Murcia flood Spain 1973
130 270 Great Sheffield flood dam disaster United Kingdom 1864
131 268 Val di Stava dam disaster Italy 1985
132 261 Gormec, avalanche Turkey 1992
133 259 1966 Maian flood Jordan 1966
134 255 1998 Tajikistan flood Tajikistan 1998
135 250 Josefina[disambiguation needed] dam failure Ecuador 1993
136 246+ April 2010 Rio de Janeiro floods and mudslides Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 2010
137 246 Great Mississippi Flood of 1927 United States (Arkansas, Illinois, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, Tennessee, Texas, Oklahoma, Kansas) 1927
138 238 Black Hills flood United States 1972
139 235–244 2009 Philippine Floods[8] Philippines 2009
140 230 Marrakesh flash flood Morocco 1995
141 228 2007 Balochistan flood by Cyclone Yemyin Pakistan 2007
142 223 2012 North Korean floods North Korea 2012
143 200–600 Chungar landslide, flood, avalanche Peru 1971
144 200+ 2008 South China floods South China 2008
145 200 Pamir Mountain area, mud and rock slides, torrential rain Tajikistan 1992
146 199 Santa Catarina, Tubarão, torrential heavy rain Brazil 1974
147 199 2009 El Salvador floods and mudslides El Salvador 2009
148 190 Huigra, landslide Ecuador 1931
149 172+ 2010 Salang avalanches Salang tunnel, Afghanistan 2010
150 172 1970 Recife and Pernambuco flood Brazil 1970
150 172 2012 Russian floods Krymsk 2012
151 165 2004 Brazil flood, mainly São Paulo, Pemambuco, torrential rain, mudslide Brazil 2004
152 159 Sarno flood and landslide Italy 1998
152 154 KwaZulu-Natal South Africa 1995
153 144 Aberfan disaster United Kingdom (Wales) 1966
154 141+ 2010–2011 Southern Africa floods Africa 2011
155 138 2010 Colombia floods Colombia 2010
156 135 Ozengeli, avalanche Turkey 1993
157 128 Izumo, massive rain and mudslide Japan 1964
158 125+ 2010 Leh floods Jammu and Kashmir, Pakistan/India 2010
159 123 2009 Jeddah Torrential rain, floods Saudi Arabia 2009
160 120 1991 Antofagasta Flood, mud swept Chile 1991
161 119 2007 Central and East Java torrential monsson rain, landslide, flood Indonesia 2007
162 117 Masuda, massive rain and landslide Japan 1983
163 116 Verdal, landslide Norway 1893
164 115 Los Angeles Flood of 1938 United States 1938
165 114 Seoul, Inchon, heavy rain South Korea 1990
166 110 Southern Federal District, heavy rain, landslide[9] Russia 2002
167 104 1981 Laingsburg flood South Africa 1981
168 98 Flood of the millennium Poland, Czech Republic 1997
169 94 The Mameyes disaster Puerto Rico (Ponce) 1985
170 90+ Columbus, Ohio flood on March 25, 1913 United States 1913
171 85+ January 2010 Rio de Janeiro floods and mudslides Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 2010
172 81+ Valencia flood Valencia, Spain 1957
173 81 Holmfirth Flood—Bilberry Reservoir dam failure United Kingdom 1852
174 80+ 2014 Southeast Europe floods Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia 2014
175 80 Failure of Laurel Run Dam and flash flooding, Johnstown, Pennsylvania United States 1977
176 78 Austin Dam failure United States 1911
177 75+ 2013 Argentina floods Greater La Plata, Argentina 2013
178 73 Kagoshima, mudslide and debris flow Japan 1993
179 72+ Nigeria floods Nigeria 2012
180 72 Gudbrandsdalen flood and landslides Norway 1789
181 69 2005 levee failures in Greater New Orleans United States 2005
182 51+ 2010 northeastern Brazil floods Alagoas and Pernambuco, Brazil 2010

Count by decade[edit]

From (year)2010 To (year)2014




Number of floods
2010 2014 46
2000 2009 31
1990 1999 28
1980 1989 17
1970 1979 17
1960 1966 16
1950 1959 15
1800 1949 51

Notes[edit]

1.^ Some reports list as many as 12,000 dead.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Worst Natural Disasters In History
  2. ^ http://www.dnaindia.com/india/1851970/report-uttarakhand-floods-5000-feared-killed-kedarnath-cleared-19000-still-stranded Uttarakhand floods: 5,000 feared killed; Kedarnath cleared; 19,000 still stranded
  3. ^ Guerin, Orla (7 August 2010). "Pakistan issues flooding 'red alert' for Sindh province". British Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 7 August 2010. 
  4. ^ Associated Press, DallasNews (August 5, 2010). "Death toll hits 1,500 in Pakistan flooding". The Dallas Morning Herald. Retrieved 6 August 2010. 
  5. ^ "Death toll from floods rises to 1,100". Dawn (newspaper). 1 August 2010. Retrieved 1 August 2010. 
  6. ^ "Pakistan rescuers struggle in flood aftermath". BBC News. 2 August 2010. Retrieved 2 August 2010. 
  7. ^ Final Report of Tropical Storm Sending
  8. ^ Newsinfo.inquirer.net
  9. ^ News.liga.net

Global Active Archive of Large Flood Events, Dartmouth Flood Observatory