List of deaths through alcohol

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Franklin Pierce
John Barrymore
Ira Hayes
Joseph McCarthy
Truman Capote
O. Henry
Modest Mussorgsky
Amy Winehouse

This is a list of notable people who died either from the effects of excessive alcohol consumption or alcohol poisoning. The Journal of the American Medical Association defines alcoholism as "a primary, chronic disease characterized by impaired control over drinking, preoccupation with the drug alcohol, use of alcohol despite adverse consequences, and distortions in thinking, most notably denial."[1] The majority of people in this list died from causes brought on by alcoholism. In some cases, they died of multiple causes, with alcoholism being a major factor. Exceptions to this are those who died from accidental death, such as alcohol poisoning caused by binge drinking. In these cases, misuse of drugs sometimes contributed to the person dying. Deaths caused indirectly by alcohol, such as in a car accident are not listed here. The table below lists people who died as a direct result of alcohol misuse. Dates of death are listed instead of dates of birth.

List of deaths (incomplete)[edit]

Name Death date Location Cause Age Occupation
John Barrymore 29 May 1942 Hollywood, United States Various 60 Actor[2]
Brendan Behan 20 March 1964 Dublin, Ireland Alcoholism 41 Writer[3]
Bix Beiderbecke 6 August 1931 New York, United States Pneumonia 28 Musician[4]
George Best 25 November 2005 London, United Kingdom Alcoholism 59 Football player[5]
John Bonham 25 September 1980 Windsor, United Kingdom Asphyxiation 32 Drummer for Led Zeppelin, Musician[6]
Julia Bruns 24 December 1927 New York City, United States Alcohol poisoning 32 Actress, model[7]
Rob Buck 19 December 2000 Pittsburgh, United States Liver failure 42 Musician[8]
Richard Burton 5 August 1984 Geneva, Switzerland Cerebral haemorrhage 58 Actor[9]
David Byron 28 February 1985 Reading, United Kingdom Alcoholism 38 Musician[10]
Truman Capote 25 August 1984 Los Angeles, United States Liver disease 59 Writer[11]
Torsten Carleman 25 January 1949 Stockholm, Sweden Alcoholism[12] 57 Mathematician[13]
Leonard Chadwick 18 May 1940 Boston, United States Asphyxiation 61 War hero[14]
Raymond Chandler 26 March 1959 La Jolla, United States Pneumonia 70 Writer[15]
Michael Clarke 18 December 1993 Treasure Island, United States Alcoholism 47 Musician[16]
Miika Tenkula 19 February 2009 Muhos, Finland Alcoholism 34 guitarist[17]
Brian Connolly 9 February 1997 Slough, United Kingdom Renal failure 52 Singer[18]
Peter Cook 9 January 1995 London, United Kingdom Gastro-intestinal haemorrhage 57 Comedian[19]
Michael Elphick 7 September 2002 London, United Kingdom Alcoholism 55 Actor[20]
W. C. Fields 25 December 1946 Pasadena, United States Alcoholism 66 Actor[21]
F. Scott Fitzgerald 21 December 1940 Hollywood, United States Heart attack 44 Writer[22]
Errol Flynn 14 October 1959 Vancouver, Canada Heart attack 50 Actor[23]
Garrincha 20 Jan 1983 Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Alcoholism 49 Footballer[24]
Alexander Godunov 18 May 1995 Hollywood, United States Alcoholism 45 Dancer/actor[25]
Patrick Hamilton 23 September 1962 Sheringham, United Kingdom Cirrhosis 58 Writer[26]
William Rowan Hamilton 2 September 1865 Ireland Gout 60 Mathematician[27]
Jeff Hanneman May 2, 2013 Inland Empire, California alcohol-related liver cirrhosis 49 Musician[28]
Lorenz Hart 22 November 1943 New York City, United States Alcoholism 48 Lyricist[29]
Ira Hayes 23 January 1955 Arizona, United States Exposure 32 War hero[30]
Ian Hendry 24 December 1984 London, United Kingdom Stomach haemorrhage 53 Actor
O. Henry 5 June 1910 New York, United States Cirrhosis 47 Writer[31]
Christopher Hitchens 15 December 2011 Houston, Texas Esophageal cancer 62 Writer[32]
William Holden 12 November 1981 Santa Monica, United States Alcoholism 63 Actor
Billie Holiday 17 July 1959 New York City, United States Alcoholism 44 Singer[33]
Naftali Herz Imber 8 October 1909 New York, United States Alcoholism 53 Poet[34]
Yootha Joyce 24 August 1980 London, England Alcoholism 53 Actress[35]
Phil Katz 14 April 2000 Wisconsin, United States Alcoholism 37 Computer programmer[36]
Jack Kerouac 21 October 1969 Tampa Bay, United States Alcoholism 47 Writer[37]
Veronica Lake 7 July 1973 Vermont, United States Acute hepatitis 50 Actress[38]
Kevin Lloyd 2 May 1998 Staffordshire, United Kingdom Alcoholism 49 Actor[39]
Mickey Mantle 13 August 1995 Dallas, United States Liver cancer 63 New York Yankees center fielder[40]
Joseph McCarthy 2 May 1957 Maryland, United States Acute hepatitis 48 Politician[41]
Ron "Pigpen" McKernan 8 March 1973 Corte Madera, United States Gastrointestinal haemorrhage 27 Musician[42]
Clyde McPhatter 13 June 1972 The Bronx, United States Heart attack 39 R&B singer[43]
Grace Metalious 25 February 1964 Boston, United States Cirrhosis 39 Writer[44]
Gary Moore 6 February 2011 Estepona, Spain Heart attack 58 Musician
Jim Morrison 3 July 1971 Paris, France Alcoholism 27 Musician, Poet
Modest Mussorgsky 28 March 1881 Saint Petersburg, Russia Alcoholism 42 Composer[45]
Barbara Payton 8 May 1967 San Diego, United States Liver failure 39 Actress[46]
Franklin Pierce 8 October 1869 Concord, United States Edema or cirrhosis (death certification) 64 U.S. President[47]
Oliver Reed 2 May 1999 Malta Alcoholism 61 Actor[48]
Ramses Shaffy 1 December 2009 Dr. Sarphatihouse, Amsterdam, the Netherlands Esophageal Cancer 76 Singer, Actor
Jean Stafford 26 March 1979 White Plains, United States Cardiac arrest 63 Writer[49]
Dylan Thomas 9 November 1953 New York, United States Alcoholism 39 Writer[50]
James Thurber 2 November 1961 New York, United States Stroke 66 Cartoonist and writer[51]
Amy Winehouse 23 July 2011 London, United Kingdom Alcohol poisoning 27 singer/songwriter[52]
Keith Whitley 9 May 1989 Nashville, United States Alcohol poisoning 33 Country music singer[53]
Hank Williams 1 January 1953 Oak Hill, United States Acute ventricular dilation 29 Musician[54]
David Woodley 4 May 2003 Shreveport, United States Liver disease 44 NFL quarterback[55]
Lester Young 15 March 1959 New York, United States Heart failure 49 Musician[56]
Townes Van Zandt 1 January 1997 Texas, United States Heart attack 52 Musician[57]
Jani Lane 10 August 2011 Los Angeles, California, United States Alcohol poisoning 47 Musician[58]
Vladimir Vysotsky 25 July 1980 Moscow, Soviet Union Heart attack 42 Singer, songwriter, poet, and actor [59]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "JAMA -- Abstract: The definition of alcoholism. The Joint Committee of the National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence and the American Society of Addiction Medicine to Study the Definition and Criteria for the Diagnosis of Alcoholism, August 26, 1992, Morse and Flavin 268 (8): 1012". Retrieved 2008-05-21. 
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  3. ^ "Brendan Behan". kirjasto.sci.fi. Retrieved 2008-05-04. 
  4. ^ Spencer, Frederick J. (2002). Jazz and Death: Medical Profiles of Jazz Greats. University Press of Mississippi. p. 99. ISBN 1-57806-453-8. 
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  6. ^ Davis, Stephen (1985-07-04). "Power, Mystery And The Hammer Of The Gods". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2008-05-14. 
  7. ^ "Liquor Kills Ex-Actress". New York Times. 1927-12-25. 
  8. ^ Basham, David. "10,000 Maniacs Guitarist Rob Buck Dies Of Liver Failure". MTV. Retrieved 2008-05-15. 
  9. ^ "Richard Burton - Films as actor:, Film as director:". filmreference.com. Retrieved 2008-05-15. 
  10. ^ "Sleaze Roxx: David Byron". Sleaze Roxx. Retrieved 2008-05-04. 
  11. ^ Krebs, Albin (1984-08-26). "Truman Capote is Dead at 59; Novelist of Style and Clarity". New York Times. Retrieved 2008-05-04. 
  12. ^ "He died of drink.... During meetings he was often a bit drunk, and afterwards in Paris I saw him come to Mandelbrojt's apartment for an advance on the travel money due him, red-eyed, with a three-day beard."

    Wiener, Norbert (1956). I am a mathematician: The later life of a prodigy (later republished by MIT Press ed.). Garden City, N. Y.: Doubleday and Co. pp. 317–318. MR 77455. 

    The mathematician Szolem Mandelbrojt was an uncle of Benoit Mandelbrot.

  13. ^ Siegmund-Schultze, R. (2009). "Alternative (non-American) host countries". Mathematicians fleeing from Nazi Germany: Individual fates and global impact. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press. p. 135. MR 252285. 

    William Feller wrote to Richard Courant: "Carleman is of the touching [rührend] opinion that one should execute [an die Wand stellen] all Jews and immigrants (which, however, he only tells his assistant after consuming a nonnegative [nichtnegativ] amount of alcohol)".

  14. ^ "Delaware's Medal of Honor Winners". delaware.gov. Retrieved 2008-05-21. 
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  17. ^ "BLABBERMOUTH.NET: Former SENTENCED Guitarist MIIKA TENKULA Dead At 34". BLABBERMOUTH. Retrieved 2009-06-26. 
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  23. ^ Parish, James Robert (2004). The Hollywood Book of Scandals. McGraw-Hill Professional. p. 92. ISBN 0-07-142189-0. 
  24. ^ "GARRINCHA - International Football Hall of Fame". ifhof.com. Retrieved 2008-06-13. 
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  26. ^ "Patrick Hamilton Biography and Bibliography at LitWeb.net". Archived from the original on 2008-05-04. Retrieved 2008-05-08. 
  27. ^ Reville, William (2004-02-26). "Ireland's Greatest Mathematician". The Irish Times. Retrieved 2008-05-08. 
  28. ^ "Slayer Guitarist Jeff Hanneman Died of Alcohol-Related Cirrhosis". Retrieved 2013-05-10. 
  29. ^ Jasen, David A. (2003). tin pan alley: An Encyclopedia of the Golden Age of American Song. Taylor & Francis. pp. 184–5. ISBN 0-415-93877-5. 
  30. ^ Massey, Peter; Wilson, Jeanne (2006). Backcountry Adventures Arizona. Adler Publishing. pp. 78–9. ISBN 1-930193-28-9. 
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  32. ^ "Mortality, by Christopher Hitchens". www.independent.co.uk. Retrieved 2014-03-10. 
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  34. ^ "Drinking Problem? What Drinking Problem?: Published Works of Aaron Howard". Retrieved 2008-05-02. 
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  38. ^ Lenburg, Jeff (2001). Peekaboo: The Story of Veronica Lake. iUniverse. p. 241. ISBN 0-595-19239-4. 
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  41. ^ Rovere, Richard H. (1996). Senator Joe McCarthy. University of California Press. pp. 246–7. ISBN 0-520-20472-7. 
  42. ^ Vengadesan, Martin (2007-02-04). "The poisoned chalice". thestar online. Retrieved 2008-05-19. 
  43. ^ "Clyde McPhatter". Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. Retrieved 2008-05-14. 
  44. ^ Belman, Felice; Pride, Mike (2001). Concord Monitor Profiles of One Hundred People Who Shaped The New Hampshire Century. UPNE. p. 215. ISBN 1-58465-087-7. 
  45. ^ Boyden, Matthew; Kimberley, Nick; Staines, Joe (2002). The Rough Guide to Opera. Rough Guides. pp. 331–2. ISBN 1-85828-749-9. 
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  47. ^ Evensen Lazo, Caroline (2007). Franklin Pierce. Twenty-First Century Books. p. 101. ISBN 0-8225-1492-3. 
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  49. ^ "Jean Stafford". Internet Accuracy Project. Retrieved 2008-05-21. 
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  52. ^ "Coroner: Amy Winehouse died from too much alcohol". Associated Press. Retrieved 2011-10-28. 
  53. ^ Bogdanov, Vladimir; Woodstra, Chris; Erlewine, Stephen Thomas (2003). All Music Guide to Country: The Definitive Guide to Country Music. Backbeat Books. p. 818. ISBN 0-87930-760-9. 
  54. ^ Koon, Bill (2002). Hank Williams, So Lonesome. University Press of Mississippi. pp. 78–9. ISBN 1-57806-283-7. 
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  56. ^ Porter, Lewis (2005). Lester Young. University of Michigan Press. p. 30. ISBN 0-472-08922-6. 
  57. ^ Strauss, Neil (1997-01-03). "Townes Van Zandt, Singer And Influential Songwriter, 52". New York Times. Retrieved 2008-05-21. 
  58. ^ Lane, Jani (2011-08-10). "Jani Lane died of alcohol poisoning". CBS. Retrieved 2011-10-06. 
  59. ^ "Vladimir Vysotsky The Biography". Mariya Shkolnikova. Retrieved 2013-04-26.