List of defunct law enforcement agencies in the United Kingdom

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Law enforcement
in the United Kingdom
Topics
Equipment
Types of agency
Types of agent
Concepts
Acts
Statutory Instruments

Due to various Parliamentary Acts the numbers of law enforcement agencies in the United Kingdom has varied drastically since the Metropolitan Police Act of 1829 set up the first modern police force in London.

There are currently over 60 law enforcement agencies operating in the United Kingdom. See List of law enforcement agencies in the United Kingdom for these.

See also: Category:Defunct police forces of the United Kingdom. For former (non-police) law enforcement agencies, see Category:Defunct law enforcement agencies of the United Kingdom.

England and Wales police forces[edit]

Abolished before 1889[edit]

The County Police Act 1840 allowed for borough police forces to voluntarily amalgamate with county constabularies.

Abolished under the Local Government Act 1888[edit]

The Act, which came into force in 1889 passed control of county constabularies to standing joint committees of county councillors and magistrates, and merged smaller borough police forces (where the town had a population of less than 10,000) with the county police.

Abolished 1890–1942[edit]

Abolished under the Defence (Amalgamation of Police Forces) Regulations 1942[edit]

Abolished under the Police Act 1946[edit]

Borough of Newcastle-under-Lyme Police hat badge, in the collection of the Staffordshire County Museum and displayed at the Shire Hall, Stafford
Non-county borough forces
County borough forces
County forces

Abolished under the Police Act 1964[edit]

Borough forces
County/combined forces


Abolished by the Local Government Act 1972[edit]

All territorial police forces in England and Wales (except the Metropolitan Police and City of London Police) were abolished and reconstituted at midnight on 31 March 1974/1 April 1974. This list shows the ones that existed then and their fate (ignoring minor transfers).

Irish police forces[edit]

The partition of Ireland under the terms of the Government of Ireland Act 1920 and the subsequent independence of the Irish Free State in 1922 led to the replacement of the Royal Irish Constabulary with the Garda Síochána (in the Free State, later Éire or Republic of Ireland) and by the Royal Ulster Constabulary (in Northern Ireland). Defunct police forces in Ireland:

Scottish police forces[edit]

Each police burgh had a police force originally, although many merged in the 19th century. The gradual process of amalgamation culminated with the creation of a single Police Service of Scotland in 2013.

Abolished 1930

The Local Government (Scotland) Act 1929 merged two pairs of county constabularies.

Abolished 1931–1946
Abolished under the Police (Scotland) Act 1946
Abolished 1950s
Abolished 1960s
Abolished 1975

The Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973 created new police forces based on the new regions and island areas from 16 May 1975.

Abolished 2013

An Act of the Scottish Parliament, the Police and Fire Reform (Scotland) Act 2012, created a single Police Service of Scotland - better known as Police Scotland - and a single Scottish Fire and Rescue Service with effect from 1 April 2013. (The functions of the British Transport Police, the Civil Nuclear Constabulary and the Ministry of Defence Police within Scotland were not affected).

Railway police forces[edit]

From the archives of the British Transport Police:

Docks and port police forces[edit]

Canal/river police forces[edit]

Airport police forces[edit]

Other police forces[edit]

Churches[edit]

Departmental constabularies[edit]

Merged to form the Ministry of Defence Police in 1974.

Markets[edit]

Miscellaneous[edit]

National[edit]

Parks[edit]

London[edit]

Non-London[edit]

Non-police law enforcement agencies[edit]

References[edit]