This is a list of terms, not manifestly pejorative, which are used, or have been used in the past, to designate the residents of specific
U.S. states. The list also contains Washington, D.C., although it is not a state.
(recommended by U.S. GPO) [1 ] Official, unofficial or informal alternates
[2 ] [3 ]
Ice Chipper, Sourdough
Sand Cutter [2 ] [4 ]
Arkie [5 ] [6 ]
[7 ] [8 ]
Nutmegger, Connecticotian, Connecticutensian, [2 ] Connecticutian, Connetian [9 ] [10 ]
Blue Hen's Chicken, Muskrat
District of Columbia Washingtonian
Malihini (newcomer), Kama [2 ] ʻāina (native-born nonethnic Hawaiian), Hawaii Resident, Islander [2 ] [13 ]
Illinoisian, Flatlander, Sand-hiller, Illini, Egyptian
Hoosier (official state designation), Indianian [15 ] (archaic) [2 ]
Louisianais (in French), Louisianian
Down Easter or Downeaster,
Mainiac, [18 ] Pine Tree, Fox [19 ] [, Lumberjack ] citation needed [11 ]
Bay Stater (official term used by state government),
Massachusite (traditional), [20 ] [21 ] Masshole (derogatory) [22 ]
Michigander, Mashugana, Michiganer, Michiganese, Michigine, Wolverine, [2 ] [23 ] Michiganite, [24 ] [25 ] Yooper/ Troll (for residents of the Upper Peninsula and Lower Peninsula, respectively), Flatlander (for residents of the mid and southern portions of the Lower Peninsula) [26 ]
New Hampshire New Hampshirite
New Hampshireman, Granite Stater
New Jersey New Jerseyan
New Mexico New Mexican
New York New Yorker
North Carolina North Carolinian
Tar Heel, North Carolinan [28 ]
North Dakota North Dakotan
Okie, Sooner [30 ] [31 ]
Pennamite, Coal Cracker [32 ]
Rhode Island Rhode Islander
Swamp Yankee [33 ]
South Carolina South Carolinian
Sand Lapper, South Carolinan
South Dakota South Dakotan
Volunteer, Big Bender, Butternut
Texian (Anglo-Texan - historical), [35 ] Tejano (Mexican-Texan), Texican (archaic)
West Virginia West Virginian
Cheesehead, [36 ] Wisconsinian, Wisconsonian, Sconnie, Badger [37 ]
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
^ (PDF). 2000. §5.23. United States Government Printing Office Style Manual
^ a b c d e f g h i j "SHG Resources".
^ Safire, William (June 26, 1994). "On Language: Foam Fell on Alabama". The New York Times. Safire reports that after he used the word "Alabaman" in a column, he received a letter from Vic Gold that said in part, "The natives, I have learned to my sorrow, prefer Alabamian."
^ "The State of Arizona - An Introduction to the Grand Canyon State from". Netstate.Com . Retrieved 2012-07-22.
^ "Arkansawyer definition - Dictionary - MSN Encarta". Archived from the original on 2009-10-31.
^ "Ar•kie". Dictionary.infoplease.com . Retrieved 2012-07-22.
^ . Colorado State University. p. 62, Writers Style Guide . Retrieved January 2, 2009. "The correct name for a person from Colorado is Coloradan (not Coloradoan)."
^ Quillen, Ed (March 18, 2007). "Coloradan or Coloradoan?". . The Denver Post
^ "The State of Connecticut - An Introduction to the Constitution State from". Netstate.Com . Retrieved 2012-07-22.
^ "People of Connecticut, Choose Your Moniker; Martha Stewart’s House and My Company (4 Letters)". nytimes.com . Retrieved 2013-11-09.
^ a b "The State of Delaware - An Introduction to the First State from". Netstate.Com . Retrieved 2012-07-22.
^ "The State of Georgia - An Introduction to the Peach State from". Netstate.Com . Retrieved 2012-07-22.
^ "The State of Hawaii - An Introduction to the Aloha State from". Netstate.Com . Retrieved 2012-07-22.
^ "The State of Illinois - An Introduction to the Prairie State from". Netstate.Com . Retrieved 2012-07-22.
^ The term Hoosier is the official state designation for a state resident, but not used by the US GPO. The term was once considered derogatory, but is now a point of pride for Hoosiers. See the Indiana Historical Bureau article entitled What is a Hoosier? for the origin of the term.
^ "The State of Kansas - An Introduction to the Sunflower State from". Netstate.Com . Retrieved 2012-07-22.
^ The World Almanac and Book of Facts 2007. New York: World Almanac Books. 2006. ISBN 978-0-88687-995-2.
^ "Mainiac". Time. June 20, 1938. (term used in reference to Maine author Kenneth Roberts)
^ "Massachusetts General Laws, Chapter 2, Section 35: Designation of citizens of commonwealth". The Commonwealth of Massachusetts . Retrieved 2008-02-29. : "Bay Staters shall be the official designation of citizens of the commonwealth."
^ . Boston: Collections Massachusetts Historical Society. 1877. p. 435.
^ Jones, Thomas (1879). DeLancey, Edward Floyd, ed. . New York: History of New York During the Revolutionary War New York Historical Society. p. 465.
^ Marckwardt, Albert H. (1952). "Wolverine and Michigander". Michigan Alumnus Quarterly Review. LVIII: 203–8.
^ Sperber, Hans (February 1954). "Words and Phrases in American Politics: Michigander". American Speech 29 (1): 21–7.
^ "The State of Michigan - An Introduction to the Great Lakes State from". Netstate.Com . Retrieved 2012-07-22.
^ "MDE - Michigan Glossary". Michigan.gov. 2008-01-30 . Retrieved 2012-07-22.
^ "The State of New Hampshire - An Introduction to the Granite State from". Netstate.Com. 2009-04-13 . Retrieved 2012-07-22.
^ Powell, William S. (March 1982). "What's in a Name?: Why We're All Called Tar Heels". Tar Heel (Tar Heel Magazine, Inc.). OCLC 005457348 . Retrieved 2009-07-17.
^ "The State of Ohio - An Introduction to the Buckeye State from". Netstate.Com . Retrieved 2012-07-22.
^ Stewart, Roy P. (December 20, 1968). "Postal Card Proves Sooners Were 'Okies' Way Back In 1907". The Daily Oklahoman. p. 9, col. 2. "Now comes Mrs. Agness Hooks of Thomas with a postal card mailed at Newcastle, Ind. in 1907, address to a Miss Agness Kirkbridge, with the salutation: 'Hello Okie — Will see you next Monday night.' Signed: Myrtle M. Pence. Mrs. Hooks says Agness Kirkbridge was an aunt of hers. The Kirkbridge family came to Oklahoma Territory in 1904 and settled south of Custer City."
^ "The State of Oklahoma - An Introduction to the Sooner State from". Netstate.Com . Retrieved 2012-07-22.
^ "History of". Luzerne County . Retrieved 2012-07-22.
^ "The Providence Journal | Rhode Island breaking news, sports, politics, business, entertainment, weather and traffic - providencejournal.com - Providence Journal". Projo.com. 2012-07-17 . Retrieved 2012-07-22.
^ "The State of Tennessee - An Introduction to the Volunteer State from". Netstate.Com . Retrieved 2012-07-22.
^ de la Teja, Jesus F. (1997). "The Colonization and Independence of Texas: A Tejano Perspective". In Rodriguez O., Jaime E.; Vincent, Kathryn. Myths, Misdeeds, and Misunderstandings: The Roots of Conflict in U.S.–Mexican Relations. Wilmington, DE: Scholarly Resources Inc. p. 79. ISBN 0-8420-2662-2.
^ Kapler, Joseph, Jr. (Spring 2002). . On Wisconsin Icons: When You Say 'Wisconsin', What Do You Say? Wisconsin Historical Society. pp. 18–31 . Retrieved 2009-04-29.
^ . Foamation Foamation: About Us . Retrieved 2009-04-29.
External links [ edit ]