List of diamonds
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
A number of large or extraordinary diamonds have gained fame, both as exquisite examples of the beautiful nature of diamonds and because of the famous people who wore, bought, and sold them. A partial list of famous diamonds in history follows.
|Color||Country/region of origin||Description||Image|
|Akbar Shah||116, later 71.7||colorless||
||An Indian diamond which became famous during the days of the Mughal Empire. A diamond with a roughly pear-shaped outline and random faceting, including two Persian inscriptions, the first reading "Shah Akbar, the Grand King, 1028 A.H." (the letters mean Anno Hegirae). The second inscription read "To the Lord of Two Worlds, 1039 A.H. Shah Jehan". The diamond was reportedly part of the original Peacock Throne. Purchased in 1886 in Istanbul by London merchant George Blogg, who re-cut it from 116 carats (23.2 g) to a pear-shape of 71.70 carats (14.340 g), thus destroying the historic inscriptions. Blogg was the last known owner and the stone's whereabouts are presently unknown.||
||A 101.29-carat (20.258 g) antique cushion-shaped brilliant fancy vivid yellow diamond which is believed to be found in the Premier mine in South African Republic. He got the name Allnatt after one of its owners, Major Alfred Ernest Allnatt. The diamond was sold for a little more than $3 million at Christie’s auction in Geneva in May 1996.||
||The largest diamond found by a park visitor in the Crater of Diamonds State Park in Arkansas since 1972, when it was established as a state park. It was found by W. W. Johnson of Amarillo, Texas in 1975 and was a 16.37 carats (3.27 g) white diamond, but it has since been cut into a 7.54 carats (1,510 mg) marquise shape.||
||A 33.74 carat (6.748 g) pear-shaped black diamond which sold for $352,000 in 2001.||
||Historical cushion-shaped, D colour, internally flawless Golconda diamond, sold on 13 November 2012 by Christies to an anonymous buyer for US$21.4M.||
|Argyle Pink Jubilee||12.76||8.01||pink||
||Argyle Pink Jubilee is the largest pink diamond ever found in Australia weighing 12.76 carats. The diamond was found in Western Australia in Argyle Mine who is the largest producer of pink diamonds in the world.||
||102.48 carats (20.496 g)||
|Aurora Butterfly of Peace||A display of 240 fancy-colored diamonds.|
|Aurora Pyramid of Hope||A display of 296 diamonds of natural colors.|
||A 34.98-carat (6.996 g) pear-shaped diamond, which sold for US $10 million in 2012. Not to be confused with the Sancy.|
||a 67.50-carat (13.500 g) cushion-cut black diamond, also called the Eye of Brahma Diamond.||
|Blue Heart Diamond||103||30.82||blue||
||30.82-carat (6.164 g) heart brilliant. Part of the Smithsonian collection.||
|Briolette of India||90.38||colorless||
||90.38 carats (18.076 g) - Cut by Cartier around 1910.||
||273.85 carats (54.770 g), modified heart-shaped brilliant, the world's largest colorless (grade D), flawless diamond.||
||Currently owned by Essex Global Trading, Inc. a New York based Diamond and Jewelry company. Largest round brilliant-cut diamond ever put on auction. Sold on 14 November 2007 at Sotheby's in Geneva to Georges Marciano of the Guess clothing line for $16.2 million, the second-highest price ever paid for a diamond on auction. Took 2 years to cut.||
|Cora Sun-Drop Diamond||110.03||yellow||
||Largest known pear-shape fancy vivid yellow diamond, found in South-Africa||
|Cross of Asia||200||142||yellow||
||Discovered in 1902 in South Africa as a 280-carat (56 g) crystal. At first diamond was cut to 142 carats (28.4 g), and next the cut was three times changed to 112 carats (22.4 g), a cushion-cut of 109.28 carats (the weight Lawrence Copeland's "Diamonds - Famous, Notable and Unique" lists it at) measuring 1⅛ × ⅞ × ⅝ inches, and finally into a radiant-cut gem of 79.12 carats (15.824 g) to eliminate all flaws. It is Fancy Yellow and Internally Flawless.||
||the largest rough gem-quality diamond ever found at 3106.75 carats (621.35 g). It was cut into 105 diamonds including the Cullinan I or the Great Star of Africa, 530.2 carats (106.04 g), and the Cullinan II or the Lesser Star of Africa, 317.4 carats (63.48 g), both of which are now part of the British Crown Jewels.|
||The largest stone obtained from Cullinan diamond. Cullinan I or Great Star of Africa with weight of 530.4 carats it is the second largest cut diamond in the world. Currently located in the head of the Sceptre of the British Crown JewelsBritish Royal family.||
||The second largest stone obtained from Cullinan diamond. Cullinan II or Lesser Star of Africa with weight of 317.4 carats is also one of the largest cut diamonds in the world. As Cullinan I, it is also in the British crown jewels located in the Imperial State CrownBritish Royal family.||
||The largest pink diamond in the world, approximately 182 carats (36.4 g), originally from India but now part of Iranian Crown Jewels. Its exact weight is not known; 182 carats (36.4 g) is an estimate.|
||Widely considered to be the largest artificially irradiated diamond in the world, at 104.52 carats (20.904 g).||
|DeYoung Red Diamond||5.03||brownish-red||
||Weighing 5.03 carats (1.006 g), the fourth-largest known red diamond GIA graded as the FANCY DARK REDDISH BROWN, was bought in a flea market on a hatpin by Sidney deYoung a prominent Boston estate jewelry merchant. It was donated by him to the Smithsonian Institution National Museum of Natural History.||
|Dresden Green Diamond||41||green||
||41-carat (8.2 g) antique pear-shaped brilliant - its color is the result of natural irradiation||
Glass copy of the Dresden Green
|Dresden White Diamond||47||colorless||
||47-carat (9.4 g) antique oval brilliant, near-colorless||
|Dresden Yellow Diamond||38||yellow||
||38-carat (7.6 g) antique round cut||
||A modified pear shaped diamond and GIA graded as the FANCY RED-BROWN is the largest known Red diamond in the world. Currently owned by a diamond company in Hong Kong.||
|Earth Star Diamond||111.59||brown||
||a 111.59-carat (22.318 g) pear-shaped diamond with a strong coffee-like brown color.||
||the first diamond found in South Africa, a yellow-brown 21.25-carat (4.250 g) stone (before cutting) resulting in a finished diamond 10.73 carats (2.146 g)||
|Empress Eugénie (diamond)||52||
||52-carat (10.4 g) antique pear-shaped brilliant with an odd, random facet pattern||
||The largest known diamond in the world prior to the Cullinan at 970 carats (194 g), it was later cut into 10 pieces of various sizes (13–68 carats)||
||A lost diamond, light yellow with a weight of 137.27 carats (27.45 g).||
|For the Love of God||A sculpture by artist Damien Hirst produced in 2007, consisting of a platinum cast of an 18th-century human skull encrusted with 8,601 flawless diamonds, including a pear-shaped pink diamond located in the forehead that is known as the Skull Star Diamond.|
|French Blue (or Tavernier Blue before its cut)||≈112||69||blue||
||(Lost during French Revolution) Largest blue diamond allegedly discovered up to this date before its cut, it was faceted by Jean Pittan to be the main French Crown Jewel. Lost, and then almost certainly cut into the Hope Diamond.||
|Golden Eye Diamond||43.51||yellow||
||A large, radiant-cut fancy intense yellow diamond (43.5 carats).||
|Golden Jubilee Diamond||755.5||545.67||yellow-brown||
||The Unnamed Brown as originally named, the Golden Jubilee is the largest faceted diamond ever cut at 545.67 carats (109.13 g), outweighing Cullinan I by 15.27 carats||
|Graff Blue Diamond||blue||
||24.78-carat (4.956 g) A 24.78-carat Fancy Intense Pink diamond and the most expensive jewel ever sold at auction, previously owned by Harry Winston and an unnamed private collector, and bought by Laurence Graff (November 2010).||
|Great Chrysanthemum Diamond||104.15||orange-brown||
||104.15 carats (20.830 g)||
|Great Mogul Diamond||≈780||280||
||Fabled 280-carat (56 g) mogul-cut diamond, now lost, although presumed by historians to have been re-cut as the Orlov.||
||A heart-shaped black diamond, weighing 115.34 carats (23.068 g).||
|Heart of Eternity Diamond||27.64||blue||
||Perhaps the largest fancy vivid blue, weighing 27.64 carats (5.528 g).||
||45.52 carats (9.104 g), is a Fancy Dark Grayish-Blue diamond and supposedly cursed. Almost certainly cut from the French Blue Diamond.|
||Peach (slightly orangey pink) color, formerly part of the French Crown Jewels. Displayed in the Louvre.||
|Idol's Eye||70.21||light blue||
||A brownish-yellow diamond of 407.48 carats (81.496 g) cut from an 890 carat (178 g) rough diamond of the same name - it appeared on eBay in 2002. Internally Flawless clarity. Several other smaller diamonds were also cut from the crystal.||
||Cushion cut weighing 184.5 carats (36.90 g) also known as Imperial Diamond & Victoria Diamond.||
||Weighing 34.48 carats (6.896 g), found in West Virginia by the Jones family.||
||Originally known as the Reitz Diamond; perhaps the sixth-largest in the world at 245.35 carats (49.070 g).||
|Kazanjian Red Diamond||35||5.05||brownish-red||
||A 5.05-carat (1.010 g) Emerald-cut red diamond formerly known simply as "Red Diamond". This is the third largest known Red diamond. It was cut from a 35-carat (7.0 g) piece of boart discovered near Lichtenburg, South Africa. It reappeared in 2007 after a 37-year absence from sight, and was purchased by Kazanjian Brothers Inc.||
||55.09 carats, Fancy Yellow||
||A 105.6 carat (21.6 g) white of Indian origin, with a long and turbulent history and a good deal of legend surrounding it. After belonging to various Mughal and Persian rulers, it was gifted away by the Maharaja Duleep Singh of Lahore to Queen Victoria during the British Raj, and is now part of the Crown of Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother.|
|Koi Diamond||32+||white, orange and various||
||The colors of this sole and unique 32+ carat diamond evokes the well-known Koi fish legend and sacred symbolism cherished by East Asians. The graduations of color of white, orange, light yellow, darkblue and black colors in this diamond are reminiscent of ancient Chinese brush painting. The Koi Diamond has been certified by the GIA (Gemological Institute Of America).|
|Lesotho Brown||601||various||pale brown||
||Was a stone originally 601 carats (120.2 g) with the largest stone 71.73 carats (14.346 g) after cutting.||
||Is the 15th-largest diamond, the tenth-largest white diamond, and the largest diamond to be found in 13 years. The original stone was 603 carats (120.6 g), although the largest diamond after the cutting was 75 carats (15.0 g).||
|Manhattan Lycos White||221.47||-||
||A Large white makeable diamond Mined by Manhattan Diamonds in South Africa. One of the 40 largest diamonds ever mined.|
|Manhattan Leopard Pink||86.58||-||
||The "'Manhattan Leopard Pink'", A spectacular and rare vivid pink diamond mined by Manhattan Diamonds at its Northern cape diamond operations in South Africa in 2011. One of the largest vivid pink diamonds ever unearthed.||
||The "'Manhattan Gold", A large, unique fancy gold diamond mined by Manhattan Diamonds in South Africa.||
|Manhattan Triple Star||159.474||-||
||The "'Manhattan Triple Star", A large, unique three-in-one stone diamond mined by Manhattan Diamonds in South Africa.||
||The "'Manhattan Star", A large, "Golconda" Type II A Diamond mined by Manhattan Diamonds in South Africa. A true Super "D" colourless diamond.||
||The "'Manhattan Sun", A large dodacahedron vivid yellow octahedron diamond mined by Manhattan Diamonds in South Africa.||
|Manhattan Canary Diamond||118.672||-||
||The "'Manhattan Canary Diamond", A large vivid yellow octahedron diamond mined by Manhattan Diamonds in South Africa.||
|Manhattan Octo White Diamond||117.85||-||
||A large white makeable diamond mined by Manhattan Diamonds in South Africa||
|Manhattan Simus White Diamond||115.7||37||
||A large white makeable diamond mined by Manhattan Diamonds in South Africa. Cut and polished into 6 different diamonds, the largest being a 33,7 carat diamond, ranging between D, E, F and G colours. Sold at a Sotheby's Auction in Geneva, May 2010.|
|Manhattan Crystal White Diamond||74.229||39||
||A Type II A "Golconda" D Internally Flawless diamond mined by Manhattan Diamonds in South Africa. Cut and polished into a 37 carat D Internally Flawless diamond graded by GIA as a XXX stone|
||Named by American jeweler Ronald Winston in 1976. Sold by auction in May 2012 for US $17 million, "the largest round fancy intense pink diamond to ever go under the hammer", according to Christie's.||
||at 203.04 carats (40.608 g) is the second-largest colorless (grade D), flawless diamond.||
|Moon of Baroda||24.04||yellow||
||Moon of Baroda is pear-shape 24.04 carats (4.808 g) diamond and it was discovered in Vadodara (Baroda) in India.||
|Moussaieff Red Diamond||13||5.11||red||
||the second largest known Red diamond, at 5.11 carats (1.022 g).||
||112.53 carats (22.506 g), Fancy Intense Yellow cushion-shaped brilliant.||
||An emerald-cut of 43.38 carats (8.676 g), previously a triangular brilliant of about 80 carats.||
||79.41 carats (15.882 g), fine quality antique pear-shaped brilliant, sold by Harry Winston to private collector in 1961. Thought to have originated from the Golconda Mines.||
||Reportedly 340 carats (68 g). Possibly a large colorless topaz. Whereabouts unknown.||
||Around 60 carats (12 g) originally from India but now part of the Iranian crown jewels.|
|Ocean Dream Diamond||5.51||blue-green||
||The only known natural Fancy Deep Blue-Green, and weighs 5.51 carats (1.102 g).||
||One of the largest gem-quality uncut diamonds in the world, at 253.7 carats (50.74 g).|
||An Indian mogul cut rumored to have served as the eye of a Hindu statue, and currently is part of the Kremlin diamond fund, weighing approximately 190 carats (38 g).|
||A kite-shaped diamond of 137.82 carats.||
||Modified oval brilliant cut (step cut crown, brilliant pavilion), largest known fancy vivid pink, at 59.60 carats (11.920 g). Formerly known as the Steinmetz Pink, and the Pink Star.||
|Polar Star Diamond||41.28||colorless||
||A colorless cushion-shaped stellar brilliant diamond weighing 41.28 carats (8.256 g).||
|Porter Rhodes Diamond||54||colorless||
||A colorless 54-carat (10.8 g) Asscher-cut stone.||
|Portuguese Diamond||127.01||pale yellow||
||127-carat (25.4 g) antique emerald cut with a pale yellow body color and very strong blue fluorescence. Part of the Smithsonian's collection.|
|Premier Rose Diamond||137.0||colorless||
||137.02-carat (27.4 g) stone cut from a 353.9-carat (70.8 g) rough gem of the same name.||
||Antique cushion-cut, fancy intense pink, natural color, VS2 clarity, type IIa, displays bright orangey-red fluorescence when exposed to ultraviolet light (G.I.A.'s lab data); discovered 300 years ago in the Golconda mines|
||Perhaps the largest fancy vivid orange diamond (5.54 carats), modified cushion-shaped brilliant.||
||Trilliant cut black diamond purchased in 2011. The Raven is currently in a private collection in upstate NY.|
|Red Cross Diamond||205.07||yellow||
||205.07 carats (41.014 g), yellow, cushion-shaped stellar brilliant cut.||
|Regent Diamond||410||140.64||white with pale blue||
||Weights 140.64 carats (28.128 g), is cushion-shaped stellar brilliant cut, formerly belonging to Louis XV, Louis XVI, and Napoleon Bonaparte, it now resides in the Louvre.|
||A shield-shaped pale yellow diamond currently in the Louvre, weighing 55.23 carats (11.046 g).|
||Largest carbonado and largest rough diamond ever found. Found in 1895.||
|Shah Diamond||88.7||pale yellow||
||Very old pale yellow diamond (found approximately in 1450 in India) currently housed in the Diamond Fund in Kremlin, weighing 88.7 carats (17.74 g).||
|Skull Star Diamond||Pear-shaped pink diamond set in the forehead of Damien Hirst's For the Love of God sculpture.||
|Spirit of de Grisogono Diamond||312||black||
||Mogul cut, 312 carats (62.4 g), the world's largest cut black diamond.||
||Circa 86-carat (17 g) diamond housed in Topkapı Palace in Istanbul. Also known as Kaşıkçı Elması|
|Star of the East||95||colorless||
||A 95-carat (19 g) stone once owned by Evalyn Walsh McLean of Washington DC, who also owned the Hope Diamond. It was also owned by King Farouk of Egypt, although he never settled the bill.||
|Star of Sierra Leone||968.9||various||colorless||
||cut into smaller pieces, the largest of which is 53.96 carats (10.792 g).|
|Star of South Africa||83.5||47.69||colorless||
||also known as the Dudley Diamond. This must not be confused with the Star of Africa. The Star of South Africa was the initial name given to this diamond, when it was purchased as an 83.5-carat (16.70 g) rough diamond. The diamond is a D-color, pear-shaped stellar brilliant cut stone, weighing 47.69 carats (9.538 g).||
|Star of the Season||100.10||colorless||
||a 100.10-carat (20.020 g) pear-shaped D-color, Internally Flawless stone. At $16,548,750 US it held the world record for the highest price paid for a diamond at auction until the sale of the Wittelsbach-Graff diamond in 2008.||
|Star of the South||128.48||light pinkish-brown||
||Found in Brazil in 1853. Cartier is the last known owners of the diamond (mid-2000s).||
||A diamond which received a "perfect" 0/0/0 rating from the American Gem Society, weighing 3.03 carats (0.606 g) rough and 1.09 carats (0.218 g) cut. On exhibit at Crater of Diamonds State Park in Arkansas, where it was found in 1990.|
||Purchased by Richard Burton for his wife Elizabeth Taylor, weighing 68 carats (13.6 g).||
||42-carat (8.4 g) antique pear brilliant cut.||
|Tiffany Yellow Diamond||280||128.54||yellow||
||Antique modified cushion-shaped stellar brilliant cut, on display at Tiffany & Co.'s New York City store. It weighs 128.54 carats (25.708 g).|
||The largest discovered in the US, emerald-cut, M color (pale brown), VVS2 clarity.||
||Cut into 29 smaller diamonds.||
|Williamson pink diamond||23.6||pink||
||Given to Queen Elizabeth II on her wedding in 1947 and later set in a brooch. "The most famous pink diamond in the world" according to the BBC.||
||35.56 carats (7.112 g), Fancy Deep Grayish Blue, antique oval stellar brilliant cut - was recut! Sold at Christie's, London, 10 December 2008 for $23.4 million to Lawrence Graff, currently the 4th highest price ever paid for a diamond at auction.|
- "Allnatt diamond". diamondsinstyle.com. Retrieved 20 May 2013.
- "'Perfect' Archduke Joseph diamond sells for $21m". BBC News. 13 November 2012. Retrieved 21 February 2013.
- "Argyle Pink Jubilee - The largest pink diamond ever found in Australia". diamondsinstyle.com. Retrieved 21 May 2013.
- Adamson, Thomas (23 April 2012). "Sotheby’s to auction 400-yr-old diamond". Retrieved 21 February 2013.
- "One of world's oldest diamonds sells for $10m". BBC News. 16 May 2012. Retrieved 21 February 2013.
- "110,3-Carat ’Cora Sun-Drop’ Diamond on Show in London!". brillanten.com. Retrieved 21 February 2013.
- "Rare ‘Sun-Drop’ Diamond to Sell for Up to $15 Million". Voice of America. 9 November 2011. Retrieved 21 February 2013.
- Archiwum Mineralogiczne - 1994 Abstracts, discussing the Cross of Asia[dead link]
- "Cullinan - The world’s largest diamond". diamondsinstyle.com. Retrieved 20 May 2013.
- "10 largest diamonds in the world". diamondsinstyle.com. Retrieved 15 May 2013.
- "The Golden Jubilee Diamond". diamondsinstyle.com. Retrieved 21 May 2013.
- "Rare pink diamond sells for record-breaking £29m". BBC News. 16 November 2010. Retrieved 21 February 2013.
- "The Idol's Eye Diamond". famousdiamonds.tripod.com. Retrieved 21 February 2013.
- "The Kimberly Diamond". famousdiamonds.tripod.com. Retrieved 21 February 2013.
- "Rare Martian Pink diamond sold for $17.4m in Hong Kong". BBC News. 29 May 2012. Retrieved 21 February 2013.
- Seales, Rebecca (25 April 2012). "Biggest pink diamond ever auctioned set to raise over $8million". Mail Online (London). Retrieved 21 February 2013.
- Parsons, Chris (29 May 2012). "Biggest pink diamond ever to go under hammer sells for over TWICE its estimate after fetching $17m at auction". Mail Online (London). Retrieved 21 February 2013.
- "Famous yellow diamonds". diamondsinstyle.com. Retrieved 27 May 2013.
- "The Mouna Diamond". famousdiamonds.tripod.com. Retrieved 21 February 2013.
- "The Nepal Diamond". famousdiamonds.tripod.com. Retrieved 21 February 2013.
- "The Paragon Diamond". famousdiamonds.tripod.com. Retrieved 21 February 2013.
- "Diamond was sold by Sotheby's at a record price of $83m. The diamond is the most expensive diamond ever sold at auction.". BBC News. 25 September 2013. Retrieved 25 September 2013.
- "The Porter Rhodes Diamond". famousdiamonds.tripod.com. Retrieved 21 February 2013.
- "Princie Diamond: Rare Indian gem sells for $39m". BBC News. 17 April 2013.
- "The Red Cross Diamond". famousdiamonds.tripod.com. Retrieved 21 February 2013.
- "Carbonado - A possible relic from Uranus or Neptune". meteoritestudies.com. Retrieved 15 February 2013.
- 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica Article "Carbonado" on Wikisource
- Giant Black Diamonds Of Mysterious Origin May Hail From Space
- "The Wittelsbach Diamond". famousdiamonds.tripod.com. Retrieved 21 February 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Diamonds.|
- Famous Diamonds Overview Site – Ryan Thompson's overview site with many stories and photos. Non Commercial.
- Farlang Famous Diamonds – Several full text books and article of many famous diamonds. Non Commercial.
- World's largest diamonds – Article on famous diamonds with their rare pictures
- 51 Famous and Historic Diamonds - Article with pictures and descriptions
- Top 10 Biggest and Most Famous Diamonds Ever - Infographic showing the 10 biggest diamonds and how they compare in size, etc.