List of video connectors

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This is a list of physical video connectors and related video signal standards. For other video-related standards, please see the main article, video.

By signal standard[edit]

Signal standard name Introduction year Connector Type Max resolution

(X-px × Y-px (i) @ Z-Hz)

Used for Notes
Composite video 1956[1] 1 RCA, BNC, TV Aerial Plug, Mini-VGA, DIN 5-pin[2] Analog 720 × 576i @ 50
720 × 480i @ 59.94
Consumer electronics, including VCR and LaserDisc, 1970-1980s home computers like the Commodore VIC-20, 1980s-1990s video game consoles, some laptops, some single-board computers like the Raspberry Pi Used with PAL, NTSC or SECAM color.
SCART 1977 SCART 21-pin Analog 720 × 576i @ 50
720 × 480i @ 59.94
Consumer electronics, Commodore Amiga and various video games European "unified" A/V interface for bi-directional stereo audio, composite video and s-video, and unidirectional RGBS and data. Composite and s-video can use PAL, NTSC or SECAM color encoding. YPBPR is also available in some non-standard set-ups via the RGB pins.
S-Video (a.k.a. separate video, split video, super-video, and Y/C) 1979 1 Mini-DIN 4-pin, 1 Mini-DIN 7-pin, 1 Mini-VGA, 2 BNC, 2 RCA connectors, 8-pin DIN[2] Analog 720 × 576i @ 50
720 × 480i @ 59.94
S-VHS, some laptop computers, analog broadcast video, 1980-1990s home computers including the Commodore 64, C128 and Atari 8-bit The 4-pin mini-DIN that is most common in consumer products today debuted in JVC's 1987 S-VHS. The 7-pin mini-DIN is commonly used on laptops. Used with PAL, NTSC or SECAM color. Where two connectors are used, they are labeled Chroma and Luma.
CGA 1981 DE-9 Digital 640 × 200 @ 60 IBM PC, PC/XT, PC/AT and compatibles
MDA 1981 DE-9 Digital 720 × 350 @ 50, Text only
HGC 1982 DE-9[3] Digital 720 × 348 @ 50
EGA 1984 DE-9 Digital 640 × 350 @ 60
Amiga video 1985 DB23 Both, GenLock 1280 × 400/512 @ 30/25 Commodore Amiga Similar to SCART, but also includes a digital RGBI signal, Genlock clock, composite sync and +12/+5VDC power [4]
VGA 1987 VGA connector variants include DE-15/HD-15 (canonical), DE-9, RGB or RGBHV on separate BNC connectors, Mini-VGA, DVI/Mini-DVI/Micro-DVI. Analog 2048 × 1536 @ 85[5] Introduced with IBM x86 machines, but became a universal analog display interface. Display Data Channel was later added to allow monitors to identify themselves to graphic cards, and graphic cards to modify monitor settings. Successor analog protocols include SVGA, XGA, etc. DVI is a more modern digital alternative. Where BNC is used, available as 3 connectors with Sync on Green, or 5 connector Red / Green / Blue / Horizontal Sync / Vertical sync.
Mac-II/Quadra 1987 DA15F Analog 1152 × 870 @ 75[6] Macintosh Mac-DA15F and Sun-13W3 were similar in capability to VGA. Some Sun machines used 4 or 5 BNC connectors to transfer video signal.
13W3 1990 DB13W3 Analog 1152 × 900 @ 76 Workstations. Sun, SGI et al.
Gigabit Video Interface (GVIF) 1996 Digital Automotive Sony proprietary
OpenLDI 1998 MDR36 LVDS Digital
YPBPR (a.k.a. component video) 1990s 3 RCA or BNC connectors Analog 1920 × 1080 @ 60[7] Consumer electronics Also referred to as Component video and YUV
Apple-AAUI (D-Terminal) D-Terminal uses voltage levels to signal resolution.
Digital Visual Interface (DVI) 1999 DVI, Mini-DVI, Micro-DVI Both 2560 × 1600 @ 60 3840 × 2400 @ 33 Recent video cards Almost a ubiquitous computer display link. Uncompressed video only. High-bandwidth Digital Content Protection (HDCP) encryption is optional.
2000 Apple Display Connector (ADC) Both 2560 × 1600 @ 60 Apple Inc. Macintoshes and monitors Proprietary connector designed to combine DVI-I, USB, and monitor power
Serial digital interface (SDI) 2003 BNC Digital From 143 Mbit/s to 2.970 Gbit/s, depending on variant. 480i, 576i, 480p, 576p, 720p, 1080i, 1080p. Broadcast video. Variants include SD-SDI, HD-SDI, Dual Link HD-SDI, 3G-SDI.
High-Definition Multimedia Interface (HDMI) 2003 19 pin HDMI
Type A/C
Digital 2560 × 1600 @ 75
4096 × 2160 @ 60 [8]
Many A/V systems and video cards (including motherboards with IGP) High-bandwidth Digital Content Protection (HDCP) encryption is mandatory.
DisplayPort 2007 20-pin (external)
32-pin (internal)
Digital 2560 × 1600 @ 75 8192 × 4320 @ 60 (version 1.3) Apple Inc. Lenovo, HP, and Dell systems and monitors
ATI RV670 based graphics cards and NVIDIA G92 graphics cards (both as OEM optional implementations)
DisplayPort introduced the 128-bit AES to replace HDCP. DisplayPort version 1.1 added support for HDCP.
DiiVA 2008 13-pin Digital 2560 × 1600 @ 75
4096 × 2160 @ 24
A/V systems High-bandwidth Digital Content Protection (HDCP).
HDBaseT 2010 8P8C Digital 4096 × 2160 @ 24 A/V systems, data at 10.2 Gbit/s, power up to 100 watts
CoaXPress 2010 BNC connector, DIN 1.0/2.3 Digital Machine vision and industrial cameras Supports 20.83 Mbit/s uplink channel and power over the same coaxial cable

Physical connectors[edit]

Image Class or connector name Used for Notes
RF connectors (radio frequency signals). Generally use coaxial cable types such as RG-6 and RG-59 (except for twin-lead).
IEC 169-2.jpg
Belling-Lee/IEC 169-2 connector
TV aerial plug (a.k.a. antenna plug) Television antenna connection for most video devices outside North America. Used by early home computers and game consoles to connect them to TVs because of the lack of any other connector. Generally not used in North America.
BNC connector.jpg BNC (Bayonet Neill-Concelman) Alternative to RCA for professional video electronics.

Protocols:

75 Ω for video signal (SDI and CoaXPress) on, for example, RG59 and RG6.
50 Ω for data link, like Ethernet on RG58.
93 Ω on RG62.
PICT7389 trimmed-C.jpg
50 Ω (white/bottom row) and 75 Ω C connectors (red/top row)
C connector (Concelman connector)
Gr-874-connector.jpg
General Radio 874 connectors
GR connector (General Radio connector)
F Connector Side.jpg F connector Used for most North American TV antenna connections, as well as satellite and cable systems worldwide. Also common in North America for early home computers and game consoles, older VCRs, RF modulators, and even CECBs due to lack of other connectors. Generally not used outside North America for TV antennas (except for satellite reception)
N Connector.jpg N connector (Neill connector)
TNC with BNC.jpg
TNC connector (left), compared with BNC (right)
Threaded Neill-Concelman connector (TNC)
Twinlead.gif Twin-lead Used for older TV antenna installations in the US and various other countries worldwide. Current use generally limited to baluns to adapt 300 Ω twin-lead to/from 75 Ω F connector. Replaced by F connector in North America and Belling-Lee Connector in other countries outside North America.
UHF-Connector.png UHF connector (e.g. PL-259/SO-239)

D-subminiature family[edit]

Vga-cable.jpg
DE-15 male plug.
VGA connector (DE-15 is a common variant.) Became a nearly ubiquitous analog computer display connector after first being introduced with IBM x86 machines. Older VGA connectors were DE-9 (9-pin). The modern DE-15 connector can carry Display Data Channel to allow the monitor to communicate with the graphics card, and optionally vice versa.[9] Being replaced by DVI from 1999 onward.
13W3 Stecker.jpg DB13W3 Analog computer video, color and monochrome. Sun Microsystems, Silicon Graphics, IBM RISC, Intergraph and some Apple Computer computer workstations. Obsolete; replaced by VGA and DVI. Same connector was used by 3Com for a redundant PSU on the 3300 switch family.

DVI-related[edit]

Dvi-cable.jpg
Single-link DVI-D male plug.

DVI-D Connector.jpg
Dual-link DVI-D male plug.

Digital Visual Interface (DVI). Five variants are: DVI-I single link, DVI-I dual link, DVI-D single link, DVI-D dual link, and DVI-A. Almost ubiquitous for modern computer video cards.
Kobushi-mini-dvi.jpg
Male Mini-DVI plug on top of a 12-inch PowerBook G4; female port is second from left.
Mini-DVI VGA, DVI, television. Apple Computer alternative to Mini-VGA. Often now replaced by HDMI.
Apple-MacBook-Air-Ports.jpg
Female Micro-DVI port (rightmost) on MacBook Air
Micro-DVI DVI-D dual link
DMS-59.jpg DMS-59 twin DVI (for two monitors via an adapter cable)
AppleDisplayConnector.jpg Apple Display Connector Combines DVI, USB, and power.
HDMI connector-male 2 sharp PNr°0059.jpg
One of the three HDMI variants, male plug.
High-Definition Multimedia Interface (HDMI) High definition digital video devices (HDMI protocol) Electrically compatible with DVI-D and DVI-I, but not DVI-A, using a simple adapter.
DIN/Mini-DIN
SVideoConnector.jpg Mini-DIN 4-pin S-Video (separate video, split video, super-video, or Y/C)
MiniDIN-8 Diagram.svg

MiniDIN-9 Diagram.svg Pseudo miniDIN-7 Diagram.png Pseudo miniDIN-8 Diagram.png Pseudo miniDIN-8b Diagram.png Pseudo miniDIN-9 Diagram.png Pseudo miniDIN-9b Diagram.png Pseudo miniDIN-10 Diagram.png Pseudo miniDIN-10b Diagram.png

Various Mini-DIN configurations Various systems and protocols - see Mini-DIN for details
Others
Composite-cables.jpg
Three RCA connectors - yellow for composite video, and white and red for stereo audio
RCA connector Widely used in consumer electronics for audio and video. A single connector must be used for each signal.
SCART 20050724 002.jpg SCART Consumer electronics, mostly in Europe. Carries stereophonic sound (analog), along with composite video and/or RGB video. Some devices also support S-Video, which shares the same pins as composite video and RGB. YPBPR is also sometimes supported as a non-standard extension via the RGB pins.
D4 video connector.jpg
D4 video connector
D-Terminal Popular in Japan for analog high definition video. Available sizes are D1 through D5.
Mini-VGA.jpg
Male Mini-VGA plug on top of an Apple laptop, female port is second from right.
Mini-VGA (used for laptops) Used for laptops, especially from Apple Computer and some from Sony.
AV multi picture.jpg
AV Multi (gold-plated male plugs)
AV Multi Sony proprietary. Combines composite video, S-Video, RGsB/YPBPR (both use same pins) and stereophonic sound (two analog channels). Used for all analog audio and video out on the PlayStation line of home video game consoles (with the exception of a few early original PlayStation models which featured RCA-outs for composite video and stereo analog audio in addition to the AV Multi connector); not used on handheld PlayStation consoles.
M1-PlugAndDisplay.jpg 35-pin MicroCross Molex connector VESA Enhanced Video Connector and VESA Plug and Display (a.k.a. M1-DA) both used this connector with slightly different pin assignments. These schemes combined VGA or digital video, audio, FireWire, and USB signals into a single connector. Defunct, obsoleted by DFP and later DVI
HDI-45 Apple proprietary. Combines Analog VGA out, stereo analog audio out, analog microphone in, S-video capture in, Apple desktop bus interface. Proprietary connector used on Apple Macintosh Centris computers, and the Apple AudioVision 14 Display. An attempt by Apple to deal with cable clutter, by combining five separate cables from computer to monitor.
DFP graphic card cutted.jpg
Female port (20-pin)
Digital Flat Panel (DFP) Used with the PanelLink digital video protocol. Obsoleted by DVI

3D model of a UDI connector
Unified Display Interface Proposed to replace both DVI and HDMI. Deprecated by Intel in favor of DisplayPort.
3.5mm.jpg
3.5 mm TRRS connector (male)
3.5 mm (18 in) TRRS and TRS connector Analog camcorders commonly use a 3.5 mm four-contact TRRS connector to carry composite video and stereo audio. Jack appears identical to more common three-contact stereo audio-only (Walkman) 3.5 mm TRS connector.
DisplayPort-rid.jpg DisplayPort DisplayPort is also the name of the protocol, which is proposed to replace DVI for computer monitors, and consumer electronics (such as home theater systems).
Mini DisplayPort on Apple Mini DisplayPort to VGA Adapter.jpg
Male Mini DisplayPort plug
Mini DisplayPort Proposed alternative to HDMI, used with computer displays: (VGA, DVI) Apple Inc.'s successor to their own Mini-DVI. The same connector is used for Intel's Thunderbolt connector, developed in cooperation with Apple.
Ethernet RJ45 connector p1160054.jpg HDBaseT (8P8C modular connector) Used for transmission of uncompressed high-definition video, audio, 100BaseT Ethernet, high-power over cable and various controls, via a 100 m Cat5e/Cat6 cable with 8P8C modular connectors of the type commonly known for telephone and Ethernet LAN connections.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "What is CVBS video format - aus.tv.pay". Google-grupper.  070824 groups.google.se
  2. ^ a b settorezero.com - Cavo di collegamento video Commodore 64 / S-Video / Scart, 2008-01-29
  3. ^ "The PC video acronyms".  070820 philipstorr.id.au
  4. ^ "Amiga video pinout".  pinouts.ru
  5. ^ 2560 × 1600 @ 60 Hz in theory, although few existing WQXGA device offers analog inputs (certain Barco projectors do)
  6. ^ Capable of higher on later Macintosh models if used with the right equipment, i.e. a DA15F to VGA converter coupled with a sufficiently capable analog display
  7. ^ Although YPBPR connections are theoretically capable of higher resolutions, resolutions above 1080p (1920 × 1080 @ 60p) are uncommon. Additionally, many devices limit YPBPR connections to 1080i (1920 × 1080 @ 60i) due to lack of encryption, allowing higher resolutions only via encrypted digital connections.
  8. ^ http://www.hdmi.org/press/press_release.aspx?prid=133
  9. ^ VGA pinout and signals @ pinouts.ru

External links[edit]