List of district municipalities in British Columbia

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A district municipality is a classification of municipalities used in the Canadian Province of British Columbia. British Columbia's Lieutenant Governor in Council may incorporate a community as a district municipality by letters patent, under the recommendation of the Minister of Communities, Sport and Cultural Development, if the area is greater than 800 ha (2,000 acres) and has a population density of less than 5 people per hectare, and the outcome of a vote involving affected residents was that greater than 50% voted in favour of the proposed incorporation.[1]

British Columbia has 51 district municipalities[2][3] that had a cumulative population of 777,017 and an average population of 15,236 in the 2011 Census.[4] British Columbia's largest and smallest district municipalities are Saanich and Wells with populations of 109,752 and 245 respectively.[4]

Of British Columbia's current 51 district municipalities, the first to incorporate as a district municipality was North Cowichan on June 18, 1873, while the most recent community to incorporate as a district municipality was the Northern Rockies Regional Municipality (NRRM) on February 6, 2009.[2][3] Although portrayed as a regional municipality in its official name, the NRRM is actually classified as a district municipality.[3]

List[edit]

District
municipality
Corporate
name[2]
Regional
district
[2]
Incorporation
date[2]
Population
(2011)[4]
Population
(2006)[4]
Change
(%)[4]
Area
(km²)[4]
Population
density[4]
100 Mile House 100 Mile House, District of Cariboo July 27, 1965 1,886 1,885 0.1 53.29 35.4
Barriere Barriere, District of Thompson-Nicola December 4, 2007 1,773 1,432 23.8 10.77 164.7
Central Saanich Central Saanich, The Corporation of the District of Capital December 12, 1950 15,936 15,745 1.2 41.33 385.6
Chetwynd Chetwynd, District of Peace River September 25, 1962 2,635 2,633 0.1 63.04 41.8
Clearwater Clearwater, District of Thompson-Nicola December 3, 2007 2,331 2,225 4.8 55.68 41.9
Coldstream Coldstream, The Corporation of the District of North Okanagan December 21, 1906 10,314 9,471 8.9 66.28 155.6
Delta Delta, The Corporation of Greater Vancouver November 10, 1879 99,863 96,635 3.3 180.11 554.4
Elkford Elkford, District of East Kootenay July 16, 1971 2,523 2,463 2.4 108.42 23.3
Esquimalt Esquimalt, Corporation of the Township of Capital September 1, 1912 16,209 16,840 −3.7 7.08 2,290.1
Fort St. James Fort St. James, District of Bulkley-Nechako December 19, 1952 1,691 1,350 25.3 23.47 72.0
Highlands Highlands, District of Capital December 7, 1993 2,120 1,903 11.4 38.05 55.7
Hope Hope, District of Fraser Valley April 6, 1929 5,969 6,185 −3.5 41.14 145.1
Houston Houston, District of Bulkley-Nechako March 4, 1957 3,147 3,163 −0.5 72.94 43.1
Hudson's Hope Hudson's Hope, District of Peace River November 16, 1965 970 1,012 −4.2 827.36 1.2
Invermere Invermere, District of East Kootenay May 22, 1951 2,955 3,002 −1.6 10.73 275.3
Kent Kent, The Corporation of the District of Fraser Valley January 1, 1895 5,664 4,738 19.5 168.39 33.6
Kitimat Kitimat, District of Kitimat-Stikine March 31, 1953 8,335 8,987 −7.3 240.01 34.7
Lake Country Lake Country, District of Central Okanagan May 2, 1995 11,708 9,606 21.9 122.19 95.8
Langley Langley, The Corporation of the Township of Greater Vancouver April 26, 1873 104,177 93,726 11.2 308.03 338.2
Lantzville Lantzville, District of Nanaimo June 25, 2003 3,601 3,661 −1.6 27.66 130.2
Lillooet Lillooet, District of Squamish-Lillooet December 31, 1946 2,321[5] 2,324 −0.1 27.51 84.4
Logan Lake Logan Lake, District of Thompson-Nicola November 10, 1970 2,073 2,162 −4.1 325.33 6.4
Mackenzie Mackenzie, District of Fraser-Fort George May 19, 1966 3,507 4,539 −22.7 155.41 22.6
Metchosin Metchosin, District of Capital December 3, 1984 4,803 4,795 0.2 71.09 67.6
Mission Mission, District of Fraser Valley June 2, 1892 36,426 34,505 5.6 225.70 161.4
New Hazelton New Hazelton, District of Kitimat-Stikine December 15, 1980 666 627 6.2 24.36 27.3
North Cowichan North Cowichan, The Corporation of the District of Cowichan Valley June 18, 1873 28,807 27,557 4.5 195.54 147.3
North Saanich North Saanich, District of Capital August 19, 1965 11,089 10,823 2.5 37.25 297.7
North Vancouver North Vancouver, The Corporation of the District of Greater Vancouver May 13, 1907 84,412 82,562 2.2 160.76 525.1
Northern Rockies[3] Northern Rockies Regional Municipality Northern Rockies February 6, 2009 5,290[5] 5,702 −7.2 85,014.52 0.1
Oak Bay Oak Bay, The Corporation of the District of Capital July 2, 1906 18,015 17,908 0.6 10.53 1,710.3
Peachland Peachland, The Corporation of the District of Central Okanagan January 1, 1909 5,200 4,883 6.5 15.75 330.2
Port Edward Port Edward, District of Skeena-Queen Charlotte June 29, 1966 544 577 −5.7 168.01 3.2
Port Hardy Port Hardy, District of Mount Waddington May 5, 1966 4,008 3,822 4.9 38.73 103.5
Saanich Saanich, The Corporation of the District of Capital March 1, 1906 109,752 108,265 1.4 103.78 1,057.6
Sechelt Sechelt, District of Sunshine Coast February 15, 1956 9,291 8,454 9.9 39.01 238.2
Sicamous Sicamous, District of Columbia Shuswap December 4, 1989 2,441 2,676 −8.8 12.71 192.0
Sooke Sooke, District of Capital December 7, 1999 11,435 9,699 17.9 56.72 201.6
Spallumcheen Spallumcheen, The Corporation of the Township of North Okanagan July 21, 1892 5,055 4,960 1.9 255.77 19.8
Sparwood Sparwood, District of East Kootenay October 6, 1964 3,667 3,618 1.4 191.01 19.2
Squamish Squamish, District of Squamish-Lillooet May 18, 1948 17,158 14,949 14.8 104.88 163.6
Stewart Stewart, District of Kitimat-Stikine May 16, 1930 494 496 −0.4 552.08 0.9
Summerland Summerland, The Corporation of the District of Okanagan-Similkameen December 21, 1906 11,280 10,828 4.2 74.06 152.3
Taylor Taylor, District of Peace River August 23, 1958 1,373 1,384 −0.8 17.09 80.4
Tofino Tofino, District of Alberni-Clayoquot February 5, 1932 1,876 1,655 13.4 10.53 178.2
Tumbler Ridge[a] Tumbler Ridge, District of Peace River April 9, 1981 2,710 2,454 10.4 1,558.97 1.7
Ucluelet Ucluelet, District of Alberni-Clayoquot February 26, 1952 1,627 1,487 9.4 6.81 238.9
Vanderhoof Vanderhoof, District of Bulkley-Nechako January 22, 1926 4,480 4,064 10.2 54.83 81.7
Wells[b] Wells, District of Cariboo June 29, 1998 245 236 3.8 158.28 1.5
West Kelowna West Kelowna, District of Central Okanagan December 6, 2007 30,892 27,214 13.5 123.51 250.1
West Vancouver West Vancouver, The Corporation of the District of Greater Vancouver March 15, 1912 42,694 42,131 1.3 87.26 489.3
Total district
municipalities
777,017 743,030 4.6 92,425.88 8.4

Notes:

  1. ^ Incorporated in 1981, Tumbler Ridge was developed as a company town by Denison Mines, Teck Corporation and the Japanese Steel Industry in cooperation with the Government of British Columbia.[6]
  2. ^ Wells was originally founded as a company town for the Cariboo Gold Quartz Mine.[7]

Former district municipalities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Local Government Act: Part 2 — Incorporation of Municipalities". Government of British Columbia Queen's Printer. November 12, 2012. Retrieved December 8, 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c d e "British Columbia Regional Districts, Municipalities, Corporate Name, Date of Incorporation and Postal Address" (XLS). British Columbia Ministry of Communities, Sport and Cultural Development. Retrieved December 8, 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Order of the Lieutenant Governor in Council (Order in Council No. 033)" (PDF). Province of British Columbia. January 29, 2009. p. 3. Retrieved September 20, 2014. "The class of the municipality is a district municipality." 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2011 and 2006 censuses (British Columbia)". Statistics Canada. May 28, 2012. Retrieved December 8, 2012. 
  5. ^ a b "Corrections and updates: Population and dwelling count amendments, 2011 Census". Statistics Canada. February 14, 2013. Retrieved February 15, 2013. 
  6. ^ "History, in a nutshell". District of Tumbler Ridge. Retrieved July 5, 2013. 
  7. ^ "Wells". District of Wells. Retrieved July 5, 2013.