List of districts in South Korea

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District
Hangul
Hanja
Revised Romanization gu
McCune–Reischauer ku

A district or gu (Hangul: ; hanja: ) is an administrative unit in South Korea. There are two kinds of districts in South Korea. One is the autonomous district (자치구, 自治區) of special and metropolitan cities and the other is the non-autonomous district (일반구, 一般區) of municipal cities. Cities with over 500,000 people are allowed to have gu (notable exceptions to this rule are the cities of Gimhae, Hwaseong, and Namyangju).

List of districts in South Korea[edit]

District Korean Hanja City Population
(2012)
Area Founded
(YYYY-MM-DD)
Type
Danwon-gu 단원구 檀園區 Ansan 335,849 91.23 2002-11-01 Non-autonomous
Sangnok-gu 상록구 常綠區 Ansan 380,574 57.83 2002-11-01 Non-autonomous
Dongan-gu 동안구 東安區 Anyang 353,381 21.92 1992-10-01 Non-autonomous
Manan-gu 만안구 萬安區 Anyang 265,462 36.54 1992-10-01 Non-autonomous
Ojeong-gu 오정구 梧亭區 Bucheon 194,941 20.03 1993-02-01 Non-autonomous
Sosa-gu 소사구 素砂區 Bucheon 232,809 12.83 1988-01-01 Non-autonomous
Wonmi-gu 원미구 遠美區 Bucheon 445,468 20.58 1988-01-01 Non-autonomous
Buk District 북구 北區 Busan 309,602 39.44 1978-02-15 Autonomous
Busanjin District 부산진구 釜山鎭區 Busan 394,931 29.69 1957-01-01 Autonomous
Dong District 동구 東區 Busan 101,251 9.78 1957-01-01 Autonomous
Gangseo District 강서구 江西區 Busan 62,963 180.24 1988-01-01 Autonomous
Geumjeong District 금정구 金井區 Busan 255,979 65.17 1988-01-01 Autonomous
Haeundae District 해운대구 海雲臺區 Busan 425,872 51.46 1980-01-01 Autonomous
Jung District 중구 中區 Busan 49,011 2.82 1957-01-01 Autonomous
Nam District 남구 南區 Busan 296,955 26.77 1975-10-01 Autonomous
Saha District 사하구 沙下區 Busan 357,060 40.96 1983-12-15 Autonomous
Sasang District 사상구 沙上區 Busan 256,347 36.06 1995-03-01 Autonomous
Seo District 서구 西區 Busan 124,896 13.88 1957-01-01 Autonomous
Suyeong District 수영구 水營區 Busan 177,575 10.20 1995-03-01 Autonomous
Yeongdo District 영도구 影島區 Busan 144,852 14.13 1957-01-01 Autonomous
Yeonje District 연제구 蓮堤區 Busan 214,056 12.08 1995-03-01 Autonomous
Jinhae-gu 진해구 鎭海區 Changwon 179,015 120.14 2010-07-01 Non-autonomous
Masanhappo-gu 마산합포구 馬山合浦區 Changwon 186,757 240.23 2010-07-01 Non-autonomous
Masanhoewon-gu 마산회원구 馬山會原區 Changwon 223,956 90.58 2010-07-01 Non-autonomous
Seongsan-gu 성산구 城山區 Changwon 250,103 82.09 2010-07-01 Non-autonomous
Uichang-gu 의창구 義昌區 Changwon 250,702 211.22 2010-07-01 Non-autonomous
Heungdeok-gu 흥덕구 興德區 Cheongju 256,681 198.27 1995-01-01 Non-autonomous
Sangdang-gu 상당구 上黨區 Cheongju 179,867 404.44 1995-01-01 Non-autonomous
Cheongwon-gu 청원구 淸原區 Cheongju 162,422 214.99 2014-07-01 Non-autonomous
Seowon-gu 서원구 西原區 Cheongju 228,659 114.88 2014-07-01 Non-autonomous
Dongnam-gu 동남구 東南區 Cheonan 250,906 438.52 2008-06-23 Non-autonomous
Seobuk-gu 서북구 西北區 Cheonan 315,577 197.70 2008-06-23 Non-autonomous
Jung District 중구 中區 Daegu 77,095 7.06 1963-01-01 Autonomous
Dong District 동구 東區 Daegu 341,616 182.22 1963-01-01 Autonomous
Seo District 서구 西區 Daegu 223,681 17.48 1963-01-01 Autonomous
Nam District 남구 南區 Daegu 169,765 17.44 1963-01-01 Autonomous
Buk District 북구 北區 Daegu 450,852 94.09 1963-01-01 Autonomous
Suseong District 수성구 壽城區 Daegu 461,473 76.46 1980-04-01 Autonomous
Dalseo District 달서구 達西區 Daegu 606,178 62.34 1988-01-01 Autonomous
Daedeok District 대덕구 大德區 Daejeon 207,312 68.45 1989-01-01 Autonomous
Dong District 동구 東區 Daejeon 248,344 136.61 1977-09-01 Autonomous
Jung District 중구 中區 Daejeon 77,095 7.06 1977-09-01 Autonomous
Seo District 서구 西區 Daejeon 223,681 17.48 1988-01-01 Autonomous
Yuseong District 유성구 儒城區 Daejeon 288,618 177.27 1989-01-01 Autonomous
Deogyang-gu 덕양구 德陽區 Goyang 393,479 165.51 1996-03-01 Non-autonomous
Ilsandong-gu 일산동구 一山東區 Goyang 275,159 59.13 1996-03-01 Non-autonomous
Ilsanseo-gu 일산서구 一山西區 Goyang 289,745 42.77 2005-05-16 Non-autonomous
Buk District 북구 北區 Gwangju 469,045 121.74 1980-04-01 Autonomous
Dong District 동구 東區 Gwangju 101,582 48.86 1973-07-01 Autonomous
Gwangsan District 광산구 光山區 Gwangju 370,527 222.91 1988-01-01 Autonomous
Nam District 남구 南區 Gwangju 217,934 61.02 1995-09-01 Autonomous
Seo District 서구 西區 Gwangju 302,280 46.71 1973-07-01 Autonomous
Bupyeong District 부평구 富平區 Incheon 562,110 31.99 1968-01-01 Autonomous
Dong District 동구 東區 Incheon 79,624 7.19 1968-01-01 Autonomous
Gyeyang District 계양구 桂陽區 Incheon 345,671 45.58 1995-03-01 Autonomous
Jung District 중구 中區 Incheon 93,520 123.09 1968-01-01 Autonomous
Nam District 남구 南區 Incheon 419,683 24.85 1968-01-01 Autonomous
Namdong District 남동구 南洞區 Incheon 491,038 56.99 1988-01-01 Autonomous
Seo District 서구 西區 Incheon 420,939 113.91 1988-01-01 Autonomous
Yeonsu District 연수구 延壽區 Incheon 283,840 42.74 1995-03-01 Autonomous
Deokjin-gu 덕진구 德津區 Jeonju 283,813 110.79 1989-05-01 Non-autonomous
Wansan-gu 완산구 完山區 Jeonju 361,038 95.22 1989-05-01 Non-autonomous
Buk-gu 북구 北區 Pohang 262,581 393.33 1995-01-01 Non-autonomous
Nam-gu 남구 南區 Pohang 253,278 735.48 1995-01-01 Non-autonomous
Bundang-gu 분당구 盆唐區 Seongnam 485,767 69.35 1991-09-17 Non-autonomous
Jungwon-gu 중원구 中原區 Seongnam 256,298 26.38 1989-05-01 Non-autonomous
Sujeong-gu 수정구 壽井區 Seongnam 237,986 45.99 1989-05-01 Non-autonomous
Dobong District 도봉구 道峰區 Seoul 366,879 20.70 1973-07-01 Autonomous
Dongdaemun District 동대문구 東大門區 Seoul 366,633 14.20 1943-06-10 Autonomous
Dongjak District 동작구 銅雀區 Seoul 402,567 16.35 1980-04-01 Autonomous
Eunpyeong District 은평구 恩平區 Seoul 491,741 29.71 1979-10-01 Autonomous
Gangbuk District 강북구 江北區 Seoul 345,502 23.61 1995-03-01 Autonomous
Gangdong District 강동구 江東區 Seoul 496,364 24.58 1979-10-01 Autonomous
Gangnam District 강남구 江南區 Seoul 570,392 39.54 1975-10-01 Autonomous
Gangseo District 강서구 江西區 Seoul 571,526 41.42 1977-09-01 Autonomous
Geumcheon District 금천구 衿川區 Seoul 243,280 13.01 1995-03-01 Autonomous
Guro District 구로구 九老區 Seoul 422,322 20.12 1980-04-01 Autonomous
Gwanak District 관악구 冠岳區 Seoul 529,195 29.57 1973-07-01 Autonomous
Gwangjin District 광진구 廣津區 Seoul 373,608 17.05 1995-03-01 Autonomous
Jongno District 종로구 鍾路區 Seoul 169,217 23.91 1943-06-10 Autonomous
Jung District 중구 中區 Seoul 132,224 9.96 1943-06-10 Autonomous
Jungnang District 중랑구 中浪區 Seoul 425,668 18.51 1988-01-01 Autonomous
Mapo District 마포구 麻浦區 Seoul 392,635 23.87 1944-11-01 Autonomous
Nowon District 노원구 蘆原區 Seoul 605,756 35.44 1988-01-01 Autonomous
Seocho District 서초구 瑞草區 Seoul 432,934 47.00 1988-01-01 Autonomous
Seodaemun District 서대문구 西大門區 Seoul 318,467 17.60 1943-06-10 Autonomous
Seongbuk District 성북구 城北區 Seoul 488,036 24.57 1949-08-13 Autonomous
Seongdong District 성동구 城東區 Seoul 127,748 16.85 1943-06-10 Autonomous
Songpa District 송파구 松坡區 Seoul 684,028 33.88 1988-01-01 Autonomous
Yangcheon District 양천구 陽川區 Seoul 498,819 17.40 1988-01-01 Autonomous
Yeongdeungpo District 영등포구 永登浦區 Seoul 403,062 24.56 1943-06-10 Autonomous
Yongsan District 용산구 龍山區 Seoul 247,206 21.87 1943-06-10 Autonomous
Gwonseon-gu 권선구 勸善區 Suwon 307,410 47.30 1988-07-01 Non-autonomous
Jangan-gu 장안구 長安區 Suwon 293,485 33.17 1988-07-01 Non-autonomous
Paldal-gu 팔달구 八達區 Suwon 214,653 13.08 1993-02-01 Non-autonomous
Yeongtong-gu 영통구 靈通區 Suwon 261,008 27.46 2003-11-24 Non-autonomous
Buk District 북구 北區 Ulsan 181,611 157.35 1997-07-15 Autonomous
Dong District 동구 東區 Ulsan 170,639 36.01 1988-01-01 Autonomous
Jung District 중구 中區 Ulsan 232,421 36.99 1985-07-15 Autonomous
Nam District 남구 南區 Ulsan 343,487 72.55 1985-07-15 Autonomous
Cheoin-gu 처인구 處仁區 Yongin 209,893 467.57 2005-10-31 Non-autonomous
Giheung-gu 기흥구 器興區 Yongin 365,632 81.68 2005-10-31 Non-autonomous
Suji-gu 수지구 水枝區 Yongin 314,757 42.10 2005-10-31 Non-autonomous

Renamed districts[edit]

  • Ilsan-gu → Ilsandong-gu, Goyang (16 May 2005)
  • Buk District → Bupyeong District, Incheon (1 March 1995)
  • Jung-gu → Wonmi-gu, Bucheon (1 February 1993)
  • Nam-gu → Sosa-gu, Bucheon (1 February 1993)

Defunct districts[edit]

  • Happo-gu (합포구; 合浦區), Masan (1 July 1990 – 1 January 2001)
  • Hoewon-gu (회원구; 會原區), Masan (1 July 1990 – 1 January 2001)
  • Ulju-gu (울주구; 蔚州區), Ulsan (1 January 1995 – 15 July 1997)

See also[edit]

References[edit]