List of districts of Tripura

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The eight districts of Tripura

The Indian state of Tripura borders with Bangladesh and the Indian states of Assam & Mizoram. The third smallest state in India[1] and also a princely state till 1949, It covers an area of 10,491 km2 (4,051 sq mi).The area of modern Tripura was ruled for several centuries by the Tripuri dynasty. It was a princely state during British rule, and joined the newly independent India.Ethnic strife between the indigenous people and Bengali population led to tension and scattered violence since its integration into the country,[2] but the establishment of an autonomous tribal administrative agency and other strategies have led to peace. Tripura was divided into 4 districts but with effect from 21 January 2012 four more new districts was divided making a total of 8 districts in the state.[3]

History[edit]

Dating back to the time of Mahabharatha, the very helm of the Kingdom of Tripura encompassed the greater part of Eastern Bengal stretching from the Bay of Bengal in the South to the Brahmaputra in the North and west and Burma, now Myanmar in the East. The earliest trace of the history of Tripura can be found in the Ashokan pillar inscriptions.[4] The 17th Century is a major watershed in the history of Tripura when the administration of the region passed on the hands of the Mughals with some powers left with the Manikyas. In the Colonial era, the Britishers extended their control over Tripura granting some limited independence to the Manikya kings. The region was under the rule of the Twipra Kingdom for centuries, although when this dates from is not documented. The Rajmala, a chronicle of Tripuri kings which was first written in the 15th century,[5] provides a list of 179 kings, from antiquity up to Krishna Kishore Manikya (1830–1850),[6]:3[7][8] but the reliability of the Rajmala has been doubted.[9] The Royal history of Tripura ended when the princely state acceded to the Indian Union on October 15, 1949. After death of the last king Maharaja Bir Bikram Kishore Manikya on May 17, 1947, a Regency Council was formed headed by Maharani Kanchan Prabha Devi, for aid of the minor Prince, Kirit Bikram Kishore Manikya Bahadur. The regent signed the merger agreement with the Government of India. After merger Tripura became a Part ‘C’ State. On reorganization of the states, effected in November, 1956, Tripura became a Union Territory with an Advisory Committee to aid and advise the Chief Commissioner. Thereafter in place of the Advisory Committee, a Territorial Council was formed through the adult franchise on 15 August 1957. On July 1, 1963, the Tripura Territorial Council was dissolved and the Legislative Assembly with the existing members of the Territorial Council was formed. On January 21, 1972 Tripura became full-fledged State by the Act of Parliament called the North Eastern Areas (Reorganization) Act, 1971.[10]

Former administrative structure[edit]

Code District Headquarters Population (2011)[11] Area (km²) Density (/km²)[11] Official website
DH Dhalai Ambassa 377,988 2,523 157 http://dhalai.gov.in/
NT North Tripura Kailasahar 693,281 2,821 341 http://northtripura.nic.in/
ST South Tripura Belonia 875,144 2,152 286 http://southtripura.nic.in/
WT West Tripura Agartala 1,724,619 2,997 576 http://westtripura.nic.in/
GT Gomati Udaipur 7,67,440 2,966 576 http://gomati.nic.in/

New list of Districts after the reorganization[edit]

For administrative purposes, the state has been divided into 8 districts, 23 subdivisions and 45 development blocks - with effect from 21 January 2012, after a Government of Tripura Decision, out of which the newly created districts are 4, subdivisions 6, development blocks 5. The four new Distrcts are Khowai Unakoti, Sipahijala and Gomati; the six new sub-divisions are Jirania, Mohanpur, Kumarghat, Panisagar, Jampuijala and Karbook; the five new development blocks are Yuvarajnagar, Durga Chawmuhani, Jolaibari, Silachari and Lefunga.

Districts Headquarters District Magistrat Police Super Subdivisions Development Blocks Municipals Population
[tentative, as per Census 2011(P), as released by the Govt of Tripura]
Area (in km2)
Dhalai Ambassa Abhishek Singh, IAS Lal Minga Darlong 1. Kamalpur
2. Ambassa
3. Longtarai Valley
4. Gandachera
1.a) Salema
1.b) Durga Chawmuhani
2.a) Ambassa
3.a) Manu
3.b)Chawmanu
4.a)Dumburnagar 4. b) Raishyabari
1.a) Kamalpur Nagar Panchayet
2.a) Ambassa Nagar Panchayet
377,988 NA
Sipahijala Bishramganj J K Sinha, IAS Smiti Ranjan Das 1. Bishalgarh
2. Jampuijala
3. Sonamura
1.a) Bishalgarh
2.a) Jampuijala
3.a) Melaghar
3.b) Kathalia
3.c) Boxanagar
1.a) Bishalgarh Nagar Panchayet, 3.a) Sonamura Nagar Panchayet 484,233 NA
Khowai Khowai Tanusree Debbarma, IAS Pradip Paul 1. Khowai
2. Teliamura
1.a) Khowai
1.b) Tulashikhar
1.c) Padmabil 2.a) Teliamura
2.b) Kalyanpur
2.c) Mungiakami
1.a) Khowai Nagar Panchayet, 2.a) Teliamura Nagar Panchayet 327,391 NA
Gomati Udaipur Manik Lal De, IAS Thirughana Sambardhan S 1. Udaipur
2. Amarpur
3. Karbook
1.a) Matabari
1.b) Kakraban
1.c) Killa 2.a)Amarpur
2.b)Ompi
3.a) Karbook
3.b) Silachari
1.a) Udaipur Nagar Panchayet, 2.a) Amarpur Nagar Panchayet 436,868 NA
Unakoti Kailashahar Abhishek Chandra, IAS Princi Rani 1. Kumarghat
2. Kailashahar
1.a) Kumarghat
1.b) Pecharthal
2.a) Gournagar
1.a) Kumarghat Nagar Panchayet, 2.a) Kailashahar Nagar Panchayet 277,335 NA
North Tripura Dharmanagar Prashant Kumar Goyal, IAS Bijoy Kumar Nag 1. Dharmanagar
2. Kanchanpur
3. Panisagar
1.a) Kadamtala
1.b)Yuvarajnagar
2.a) Dasda
2.b) Jampuihill
2.c)Laljuri
3.a) Panisagar
3.b) Damchara
1.a) Dharmanagar Nagar Panchayet 415,946 NA
South Tripura Belonia Soumitra Bondhopadhaya, IAS Sankar Debnath 1. Santirbazar
2. Belonia
3. Sabroom
1.a)Bakafa
1.b)Jolaibari
2.a)Hrishyamukh
2.b)Rajnagar 2.c) Bharat Chandra Nagar 3.a)Satchand
3.b)Rupaichari 3. c) Poangbari
1.a) Santirbazar Nagar Panchayet, 2.a) Belonia Nagar Panchayet, 3.a) Sabroom Nagar Panchayet 433,737 NA
West Tripura Agartala Kiran Gitte, IAS R G K Rao 1. Sadar
2. Mohanpur
3. Jirania
1.a) Dukli
2.a) Mohanpur
2.b) Hezamara
2.c) Lefunga
3.a) Jirania
3.b) Mandai
1.a) Agartala Municipal Council
3.a) Ranirbazar Nagar Panchayet
917,534 NA

Demographics[edit]

The following is a list of the basic demographic data for the districts of Tripura based on the size of the district's area, arranged in descending order[12][12]

District Area in km2. Population Growth Rate Sex Ratio Literacy Density/KM
Dhalai 2400 3,77,988 12.57 945 86.82 157
South Tripura 1534.2 4,33,737 14.15 956 85.09 283
Gomati 1522.8 4,36,868 14.15 959 86.19 287
North Tripura 1444.5 4,15,946 17.44 968 88.77 288
Sepahijala 1044.78 4,84,233 14.15 952 84.14 463
Khowai 1005.67 3,27,391 14.15 961 88.37 326
West Tripura 942.55 9,17,534 12.57 972 91.69 973
Unakoti 591.93 2,77,335 10.85 966 87.58 469

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tripura the 3rd smallest state in India
  2. ^ en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mandai_massacre
  3. ^ new districts of tipura
  4. ^ ashok pillar mahabharata
  5. ^ "Hill Tippera – history" (GIF). The Imperial Gazetteer of India 13: 118. 1909. Retrieved 27 October 2011. 
  6. ^ Bera, Gautam Kumar (2010). The land of fourteen gods: ethno-cultural profile of Tripura. Mittal Publications. ISBN 978-81-8324-333-9. 
  7. ^ Sen, Kali Prasanna, ed. (2003). Sri rajmala volume – IV (in Bengali). Tribal Research Institute, Government of Tripura. Retrieved 10 May 2103. 
  8. ^ Bhattacharyya, Apurba Chandra (1930). Progressive Tripura. Inter-India Publications. p. 179. OCLC 16845189. 
  9. ^ Sircar, D.C. (1979). Some epigraphical records of the mediaeval period from eastern India. Abhinav Publications. p. 89. ISBN 978-81-7017-096-9. 
  10. ^ end of king era of tripura
  11. ^ a b "Distribution of Population, Decadal growth rate, Sex ratio and Population density for State and District" (XLS). The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India, New Delhi-110011. 2010–2011. Retrieved 2011-09-18. 
  12. ^ a b http://www.census2011.co.in/census/state/districtlist/tripura.html

Newly added four district and 6 sub division. DHARMANAGAR is one of four newly added district http://ibnlive.in.com/generalnewsfeed/news/four-new-districts-six-subdivisions-for-tripura/876579.html

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External links[edit]