List of domesticated animals

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This page is a list of domestic animals,[1] and also includes a list of animals which are or may be undergoing the process of domestication and/or have an extensive relationship with humans beyond simple predation. This includes species which are semi-domesticated, undomesticated but captive-bred on a commercial scale, or commonly wild-caught, at least occasionally captive-bred, and tameable. In order to be considered fully domesticated, most species have undergone significant genetic behavioural and/or morphological changes from their wild ancestors; while others are little-changed from their wild ancestors despite hundreds or thousands of years of potential selective breeding. There is not always a desire to improve a species from its wild form, and a number of factors determine how quickly any changes may occur. The process of domestication is gradual, and there is no precise moment in history when a particular species can be considered to have become fully domesticated.

To correctly sort the tables chronologically by date of domestication, refresh your browser window, as clicking the Date column heading will mix AD and BC dates.

Domestic Animals[edit]

Species and subspecies Wild ancestor Date Location of origin Purpose Image Degree and type of domestication Extent in wild vs captivity Taxon group
Dog (a7a) Gray wolf (Canis lupus) between 30,000 BCE and 15,000 BCE[2][3] Eurasia Pets, hunting, herding, guarding, pest control, transportation, draft, working, show, racing, sport, rescuing, guiding, servicing, fighting, meat, research Pembroke Welsh Corgi 600.jpg tame; significant physical and behavioral changes Very common in captivity, wild relatives are much less common, though not rare. Feral dogs abundant 1c Carnivora
Sheep (Ovis aries) Mouflon (Ovis orientalis) between 11,000 BCE and 9000 BCE[4][5] cos omak(Iran) fibre, meat, milk, leather, pelt, vellum, pets, show, racing, research, guarding, fighting, ornamental Pair of Icelandic Sheep.jpg Some physical changes Common in captivity, threatened in the wild 1b Bovidae
Domestic pig (Sus scrofa domesticus) Wild boar (Sus scrofa) 9000 BCE[6] Near East, China meat, leather, research, show, racing, fighting, truffles, pets Sow with piglet.jpg Some physical changes Common in the wild. Much more common in captivity. Feral animals common in some areas. 1a Artiodactyla except Bovidae
Domestic goat (Capra aegagrus hircus) Wild goat (Capra aegagrus) 8000 BCE[7] Iran milk, meat, fibre, skin, show, racing, fighting, clearing land, pets Capra, Crete 4.jpg Slight physical changes Common in captivity, threatened in wild, feral goats common 1b Bovidae
Cattle (Bos primigenius taurus) Aurochs (Bos primigenius) (extinct) 8000 BCE[8] Europe, Asia and North Africa meat, milk, leather, hides, working, plowing, draft, vellum, blood, transportation, soil fertilization, fighting, show, pets Koe in weiland bij Gorssel.JPG Some physical changes Very common in captivity, wild relatives extinct, feral cattle fairly common 1b Bovidae
Zebu (Bos primigenius indicus) Aurochs (Bos primigenius) (extinct) 8000 BCE India meat, milk, leather, hides, working, plowing, draft, vellum, blood, transportation, soil fertilization, fighting, show, racing Female zebu cattle.JPG Considerable physical changes Wild relatives extinct, rare in captivity 1b Bovidae
Cat (Felis silvestris catus) African wildcat (Felis silvestris lybica) 8000 BCE to 7500 BCE[9][10][11][12] Near East pets, pest control, show, pelt, research Neighbours Siamese.jpg Tame, some physical changes Very abundant in captivity, true wildcats less abundant though not rare. Feral populations very common. 1c Carnivora
Chicken (Gallus gallus domesticus) Red Junglefowl (Gallus gallus) 6000 BCE[13] India and Southeast Asia meat, eggs, feathers, leather, show, racing, ornamental, fighting, pets Poltava chicken breed female.jpg Some physical changes Very common in captivity and the wild 2b Galliformes
Guinea pig (Cavia porcellus) Montane Guinea Pig (Cavia tschudii) 5000 BCE[14] Peru pets, meat, show, racing, research Caviaklein.jpg Tame, slight physical changes Somewhat common in captivity and the wild 1d Rodentia
Donkey (Equus africanus asinus) African wild ass (Equus africanus) 5000 BCE[15][16] Egypt transportation, working, plowing, draft, mount, meat, milk, pets, racing, guarding Donkey 1 arp 750px.jpg Slight physical changes Somewhat common in captivity and as feral animals, wild animals critically endangered, 1a Artiodactyla except Bovidae
Domestic duck (Anas platyrhynchos domesticus) Mallard duck (Anas platyrhnchos) 4000 BCE China meat, feathers, eggs, pets, show, racing, ornamental Pekin Ducks cropped.jpg Considerable physical changes Common in captivity, but more abundant in the wild 2a Anseriformes
Water buffalo, including "river buffalo" (Bubalus arnee) and "swamp buffalo" (Bubalus bubalis carabenesis) Wild water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) 4000 BCE India, China working, plowing, draft, mount, fighting, meat, show, racing, milk Water Buffalo, Phayao Lake.jpg Mainly unchanged from wild animal Somewhat rare in captivity, endangered in the wild 1b Bovidae
Horse (Equus ferus caballus) Wild horse (Equus ferus) 4000 BCE[17] Eurasian Steppes transportation, meat, working, guiding, servicing, hunting, execution, plowing, draft, mount, fighting, show, racing, milk, pets Nokota Horses cropped.jpg Tame, some physical changes mainly in coloration Common in captivity, very rare in wild, feral populations common 1a Artiodactyla except Bovidae
Domestic dromedary camel (Camelus dromedarius) Wild dromedary camel (Camelus dromedarius) 4000 BCE Arabia transportation, working, hunting, plowing, draft, mount, show, racing, fighting, milk, meat Camelcalf-feeding.jpg Tame, few physical changes Moderately common in captivity, small feral population in original range, significant feral population in Australia, true wild dromedaries may be extinct 1a Artiodactyla except Bovidae
Domestic silkmoth (Bombyx mori) Wild silkmoth (Bombyx mandarina) 3000 BCE China silk, animal feed, pets, meat Silkworms3000px.jpg Tame/held captive, some physical changes Fairly common in captivity, wild extent unclear 6b Other Insects
Domestic pigeon (Columba livia domestica) Rock pigeon (Columba livia) 3000 BCE Mediterranean Basin show, ornamental, messenger, meat, racing, pets Homing pigeon.jpg Artificially selected into many varieties, including meat breeds, racing/messenger breeds, and fancy plumage breeds Relatively common in captivity, very common in the wild, feral pigeons extremely abundant 2c Columbiformes
Domestic goose (Anser anser domesticus) Greylag goose (Anser anser) and Swan goose (A. cygnoides) 3000 BCE for A. anser, date uncertain for A. cygnoides Egypt (A. anser), China (A. cygnoides) meat, feathers, eggs, show, guarding, pets Neugierige Hausgans.JPG Considerable physical changes Common in captivity and the wild 2a Anseriformes
Yak (Bos grunniens) Wild Yak (Bos mutus) 2500 BCE Tibet, Nepal milk, transportation, working, plowing, mount, racing, fighting, meat, fibre The Yak.jpg Tame, slight physical changes 1b Bovidae
Domestic Bactrian camel (Camelus bactrianus) Wild Bactrian camel (Camelus ferus) 2500 BCE Central Asia milk, transportation, working, hunting, plowing, draft, mount, fighting, show, racing, meat, hair Temee.jpg Tame, few physical changes Moderately common in captivity, critically endangered in the wild 1a Artiodactyla except Bovidae
Llama (Lama glama) Guanaco (Lama guanicoe) 2400 BCE[18] Peru transportation, working, draft, pack, meat, show, racing, pets, guarding Pack llamas posing near Muir Trail.jpg Slight physical changes Fairly common in captivity and the wild 1a Artiodactyla except Bovidae
Alpaca (Vicugna pacos) Vicuña (Vicugna vicugna) 2400 BCE[18] Peru fibre, meat, show, pets Corazon Full.jpg Considerable physical changes Fairly common in captivity and the wild 1a Artiodactyla except Bovidae
Domestic guineafowl (Numida meleagris) Helmeted guineafowl (Numida melegris) 2400 BCE[19] Africa meat, eggs, pest control, show, alarming, pets Guinea Fowl.jpg Mainly unaltered from wild population Somewhat common in captivity and in the wild 2b Galliformes
Ferret (Mustela putorius furo) European polecat (Mustela putorius) 1500 BCE[20] Europe pets, hunting, pest control, show, racing Ferret 2008.png Tame, slight physical changes Common in captivity, somewhat common in the wild. Feral ferrets rare 1c Carnivora
Fancy mouse House mouse (Mus musculus) 1100 BCE China pets, research, racing, animal feed Minimouse.jpg Tame, significant physical changes Common in captivity and in the wild 1d Rodentia
Ringneck dove (Streptopelia risoria) African collared dove (streptopelia roseogrisea) 500 BCE North Africa show, pets Feral Barbary Dove.jpg Slight physical changes Common in captivity and the wild 2c Columbiformes
Bali cattle (Bos javanicus domestica) Banteng (Bos javanicus) Date uncertain Southeast Asia, Java meat, milk, show, racing, working, plowing, draft Banteng Domesticated Bali Bull.PNG Slight physical changes Common in captivity, endangered in the wild 1b Bovidae
Gayal (Bos frontalis) Gaur (Bos gaurus) Date uncertain Southeast Asia meat Bos gaurus (Gayal) male.JPG Slight physical changes Somewhat common in captivity, threatened in the wild 1b Bovidae
Domestic turkey (Meleagris gallopavo) Wild turkey (Meleagris gallopavo) 180 CE[18] Mexico, United States meat, feathers, eggs, show, pets White turkeys.jpg Considerable physical changes Common in captivity and wild 2b Galliformes
Goldfish (Carassius auratus auratus) Prussian carp (Carassius gibelio) 300 CE to 400 CE China pets, show, racing, ornamental Gullfiskur.jpg Tame/held captive, significant physical changes Very common and abundant in captivity, wild extent is unclear 5a Cyprinidae
Domestic rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) European rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) 600 CE[21] Europe meat, pelt, fibre, pets, show, racing, research EnglishSpotRabbitChocolate1(cropped).jpg Tame, significant physical changes Common in captivity, rare in native habitat, common in introduced range 1e Other Mammals
Domestic canary (Serinus canaria domestica) Atlantic canary (Serinus canaria) 15th century CE Canary Islands, Europe pets, research, show, mining, fighting Zwei Kanarienvögel.JPG Slight physical changes Common in captivity and wild 2d Passeriformes
Siamese fighting fish (Betta splendens) Uncertain species of the genus Betta 19th century CE Thailand fighting, pets HM Orange M Sarawut.jpg Tame/held captive, very significant physical and slight behavioral changes 5b Other Fish
Fancy rat and Lab rat Brown rat (Rattus norvegicus) 10th century CE United Kingdom pets, research, show Ratte-Vache.jpeg Tame, some physical and psychological changes Common in captivity and in the wild 1d Rodentia
Koi (Cyprinus carpio haematopterus) Common carp (Cyprinus carpio) 1820s CE Japan ornamental, show, pets Six koi.jpg Tame/held captive, considerable physical changes Fairly common in captivity, threatened in the wild 5a Cyprinidae
Domestic silver fox (Vulpes vulpes) Red fox (Vulpes vulpes) 1950s CE Soviet Union, Russia pelt, research, pets Silberfuchs 08.jpg Tame, some physical changes Very small domestic population, wild relatives fairly common 1c Carnivora
Domestic hedgehog (Atelerix albiventris) Four-toed hedgehog (Atelerix albiventris) 1980s CE Central and Eastern Africa pets Baxter flower.jpg Slight physical changes Common in the wild. Rare in captivity 1e Other Mammals
Society finch (Lonchura striata domestica) White-rumped munia (Lonchura striata) unknown, may have been introduced to Japan sometime around the early 18th century [22] Japan pets, research Rbruni.JPG Slight physical changes Fairly common in captivity and the wild 2d Passeriformes
Guppy (Poecilia reticulata some strains)[23] Guppy (Poecilia reticulata) Date uncertain Barbados, Brazil, Guyana pets Guppy coppia gialla.jpg Held/tame in captivity, significant physical changes Common in captivity 5b Other Fish

Semidomesticated, routinely captive-bred, or domestication status unclear[edit]

Due to the somewhat unclear outlines of what, precisely, constitutes domestication, there are some species that may or may not be fully domesticated. There are also species that are extensively used or kept as pets by humans, but are not significantly altered from wild-type animals. Most animals on this second table are at least somewhat altered from wild animals by their extensive interactions with humans. Many could not be released into the wild, or are in some way dependent on humans.

Species and subspecies Wild ancestor Date Location of origin Purpose Image Degree and type of domestication Extent in wild vs captivity Taxon group
Western honey bee (Apis mellifera), including subspecies Italian bee (A. mellifera ligustica), European dark bee (A. mellifera mellifera), and Carniolan honey bee (A. mellifera carnica) Western honey bee (Apis mellifera), and appropriate subspecies 4000 BC (1880s for A.m. lingustica, modern for A.m. mellifera, uncertain for A.m. carnica) Europe, Asia and Africa honey, wax, pollination Bee-apis.jpg Domesticated 6a Hymenoptera
Semi-domesticated reindeer (Rangifer tarandus) Reindeer (Rangifer tarandus) 3000 BC Asian subarctic meat, milk, transportation, working, draft, mount, hides, racing, leather, antlers Caribou using antlers.jpg Semidomesticated 1a Artiodactyla except Bovidae
Addax (Addax nasomaculatus) Addax (Addax nasomaculatus) 2500 BC Egypt meat, horns, leather, skin Addax nasomaculatus closeup.jpg Held/tame in captivity Small captive population, but endangered in the wild 1b Bovidae
Scimitar oryx (Oryx dammah) Scimitar oryx (Oryx dammah) 2320-2150 BC Egypt meat, hides, horns Scimitar oryx1.jpg Held/tame in captivity Small captive population, but nearly extinct in wild 1b Bovidae
Asian elephant (Elephas maximus), including subspecies Indian elephant (Elephas maximus indicus) Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) 2000 BC Indus Valley Civilization working, transportation, hunting, show, racing, fighting IndianElephant.jpg semi-domesticated (Captured from wild and tamed) 1e Other Mammals
Mandarin duck (Aix galericulata) Mandarin duck (Aix galericulata) Pre-modern China (Date uncertain) China meat, ornamental Aix galericulata - Zürich - Hafen Riesbach 2011-01-14 15-58-32.JPG Held/tame in captivity 2a Anseriformes
Egyptian mongoose (Herpestes ichneumon) Egyptian mongoose (Herpestes ichneumon) Ancient Egypt (Date uncertain) Egypt pest control, pets Herpestes ichneumon Египетский мангуст, или фараонова крыса, или ихневмо́н.jpg Held/tame in captivity 1c Carnivora
Asiatic honey bee (Apis cerana), including subspecies Indian honey bee (Apis cerana indica) Asiatic honey bee (Apis cerana), and appropriate subspecies Date uncertain South and Southeast Asia honey, pollination Apis cerana, Asiatic honey bee - Khao Yai National Park.jpg Held/tame in captivity 6a Hymenoptera
Fallow deer (Dama dama) Fallow deer (Dama dama) 1000 BC Mediterranean Basin meat, hides, antlers Fallow deer in field.jpg domesticated 1a Artiodactyla except Bovidae
European medicinal leech (Hirudo medicinalis) European medicinal leech (Hirudo medicinalis) 800 BC Europe, Asia bloodletting, surgery Svømmende blodigle.JPG 7 Other Animals
Muscovy duck (Cairina moschata) Muscovy duck (Cairina moschata) 700–600 BC[18] South America meat, feathers, eggs, show, pets MuscovyDuck.jpg Held/tame in captivity 2a Anseriformes
Cochineal (Dactylopius coccus) Cochineal (Dactylopius coccus) 700–500 BC[18] Chile, Peru, Mexico dye Dactylopius coccus (Barlovento) 04 ies.jpg Held/tame in captivity Very common in the wild 6b Other Insects
Indian peafowl (Pavo cristatus) Indian peafowl (Pavo cristatus) 500 BC India show, feathers, meat, ornamental, pets Indian Peahens I IMG 9647.jpg Held/tame in captivity Fairly common in the wild 2b Galliformes
Common hill myna (Gracula religiosa) Common hill myna (Gracula religiosa) kept in Ancient Greece, date of captive breeding uncertain Greece pets, talking bird Beo-2.jpg Held/tame in captivity 2d Passeriformes
Rose-ringed parakeet (Psittacula krameri) Rose-ringed parakeet (Psittacula krameri) Classical antiquity (Date uncertain) Africa, Asia pets, talking bird Rose-ringed Parakeet I IMG 9797.jpg Held/tame in captivity 2e Psittaciformes
Red deer (Cervus elaphus) Red deer (Cervus elaphus) ~0 AD China, Russia meat, velvet, hides, leather, antlers Deer Stag AdF.jpg Captive bred 1a Artiodactyla except Bovidae
Roman snail (Helix pomatia) Roman snail (Helix pomatia) 100 AD Europe meat Helix pomatia 89a.jpg 7 Other Animals
Stingless bee (Melipona beecheii) Stingless bee (Melipona beecheii) 180 AD Mexico, Amazon Basin honey, pollination Irapuã - REFON.jpg Semidomesticated 6a Hymenoptera
White cockatoo (Cacatua alba) White cockatoo (Cacatua alba) Tang Dynasty (618–907 AD) China, Indonesia pets, show Cacatua alba -pet-8a.jpg Held/tame in captivity 2e Psittaciformes
Japanese and Great cormorants (Phalacrocorax capillatus & P. carbo) Japanese and Great cormorants (Phalacrocorax capillatus & P. carbo) 960 AD Japan, China fishing Phalacrocorax carbo ja01.jpg Held/tame in captivity 2f Other Birds
Mute swan (Cygnus olor) Mute swan (Cygnus olor) 1000-1500 Europe meat, ornamental, feathers CygneVaires.jpg Semidomesticated 2a Anseriformes
House cricket (Acheta domestica) House cricket (Acheta domestica) 12th century Southwestern Asia, China, Japan animal feed, meat, fighting, pets Acheta domestica male.png held in captivity Somewhat common in captivity, very common in wild 6b Other Insects
Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica) Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica) 1100–1900 Japan meat, eggs, pets Japanese Quail.jpg Domesticated in captivity 2b Galliformes
Common carp (Cyprinus carpio) Common carp (Cyprinus carpio) 1200–1500 Europe, Asia meat LakePowellCarp5437.jpg Held/tame in captivity 5a Cyprinidae
Java sparrow (Padda oryzivora) Java sparrow (Padda oryzivora) Ming Dynasty (1368–1644 AD) China pets Buberel Lonchura oryzivora 3.jpg Non-wild coloration pied and fancy colored Javas from long Asian captivity lines are hand tamable Threatened in wild 2d Passeriformes
Northern bobwhite (Colinus virginianus) Northern bobwhite (Colinus virginianus) date uncertain United States meat, eggs Virginiawachtel 2007-06-16 065.jpg Captive bred Plumage changes 2b Galliformes
European goldfinch (Carduelis carduelis) European goldfinch (Carduelis carduelis) date uncertain Europe pets, singing Carduelis carduelis close up.jpg Captive bred 2d Passeriformes
Pekin robin (Leiothrix lutea) Red-billed leiothrix (Leiothrix lutea) date uncertain China, Japan pets, singing Leiothrix lutea -Chester Zoo, Cheshire, England-8a.jpg Captive bred 2d Passeriformes
Indian gray mongoose (Herpestes edwardsii) Indian gray mongoose (Herpestes edwardsii) date uncertain India fighting, pest control, pets Herpestes edwardsii at Hyderaba.jpg Held/tame in captivity 1c Carnivora
Capybara (Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris) Capybara (Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris) date uncertain South America meat, pelt, pets Capybara Hattiesburg Zoo (70909b-42) 2560x1600.jpg Held/tame in captivity 1d Rodentia
Indian palm squirrel (Funambulus palmarum) Indian palm squirrel (Funambulus palmarum) date uncertain India pets Indian Palm Squirrel Bangalore 2009.jpg Easy to tame 1d Rodentia
Grey francolin (Francolinus pondicerianus) Grey francolin (Francolinus pondicerianus) date uncertain India, Pakistan meat, pets, fighting Grey Francolin RWD2.jpg Held/tame in captivity 2b Galliformes
Golden pheasant (Chrysolophus pictus) Golden pheasant (Chrysolophus pictus) date uncertain China meat, ornamental Male Golden Pheasant DC.jpg Held/tame in captivity 2b Galliformes
Sika deer (Cervus nippon) Sika deer (Cervus nippon) Date uncertain Japan, China meat, antlers Sikahjort.jpg Held/tame in captivity 1a Artiodactyla except Bovidae
Common eland (Taurotragus oryx) Common eland (Taurotragus oryx) Date uncertain Zimbabwe, South Africa, Kenya meat, milk, leather, hides, horns Common eland mara.jpg held/tame in captivity 1b Bovidae
Moose (Alces alces) Moose (Alces alces) Date uncertain Russia, Finland, Sweden research, milk, antlers, mount, draft, transportation, working Milkmaid-and-Moose-Cow-hp4080.jpg Held/tame in captivity 1a Artiodactyla except Bovidae
Ostrich (Struthio camelus) Ostrich (Struthio camelus) 19th century Africa meat, eggs, feathers, leather, oil, mount, racing Ostriches cape point cropped.jpg Semidomesticated 2f Other Birds
Budgerigar (Melopsittacus undulatus) Budgerigar (Melopsittacus undulatus) 1850s Australia pets, show, talking bird Melopsittacus undulatus -Zoo Atlanta-8a.jpg Plumage changes, some breeds are physically larger Fairly common in the wild and in captivity 2e Psittaciformes
Cockatiel (Nymphicus hollandicus) Cockatiel (Nymphicus hollandicus) 1870s Australia pets, show, talking bird Nymphicus hollandicus -garden-8.jpg Held/tame in captivity Common in the wild and in captivity 2e Psittaciformes
Elk (Cervus canadensis) Elk (Cervus canadensis) late 1800s North America meat, velvet, hides, leather, antlers Rocky Mountain Bull Elk.jpg Captive bred 1a Artiodactyla except Bovidae
European mink (Mustela lutreola) European mink (Mustela lutreola) 1800s Europe fur Mink1.jpg Held/tame in captivity 1c Carnivora
American mink (Neovison vison) American mink (Neovison vison) 19th century North America fur, pets, ratting American mink geograph.co.uk 2083077.jpg Held/tame in captivity 1c Carnivora
Coypu (Myocastor coypus) Coypu (Myocastor coypus) late 19th to early 20th century Argentina fur, meat, aquatic weed control Ratao do banhado 1 REFON.jpg Captive bred 1d Rodentia
Common fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster) Common fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster) 1910s Australia, South Africa research, animal feed Drosophila melanogaster - side (aka).jpg 6b Other Insects
Chinese Hamster (Cricetulus griseus) Chinese Hamster (Cricetulus griseus) 1920s China research, biotechnology, pets Chinesedsaffa.jpg Held/tame in captivity 1d Rodentia
Rosy-faced, Yellow-collared, and Fischer's lovebirds (Agapornis roseicollis, A. personatus & A. fischeri) Rosy-faced, Yellow-collared and Fischer's lovebirds (Agapornis roseicollis, A. personatus & A. fischeri) 1920s Africa pets Agapornis fischeri -Ueno Zoo, Japan -three-8a-4c.jpg Held/tame in captivity 2e Psittaciformes
Crimsonspotted rainbowfish (Melanotaenia duboulayi) Crimsonspotted rainbowfish (Melanotaenia duboulayi) 1920s Eastern Australia pets, pest control M duboulayi.jpg Held/tame in captivity 5b Other Fish
Golden Hamster (Mesocricetus auratus) Golden Hamster (Mesocricetus auratus) 1930s Syria, Turkey pets, research Golden hamster front 1.jpg Domesticated 1d Rodentia
Long-tailed chinchilla (Chinchilla lanigera) Long-tailed chinchilla (Chinchilla lanigera) 1930s Andes pets, fur, research Chinchilla lanigera1.jpg held/tame in captivity 1d Rodentia
Short-tailed chinchilla (Chinchilla chinchilla) Short-tailed chinchilla (Chinchilla chinchilla) 1930s Andes fur Chinchilla brevicaudata.jpg Raised in Captivity Critically endangered in the wild 1d Rodentia
Water flea (Daphnia magna) Water flea (Daphnia magna) 1930s North America, Eurasia, Africa research, animal feed Daphnia magna-female adult.jpg Held/tame in captivity 6c Other Arthropods
African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis) African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis) 1950s South Africa pets, research Xenopus laevis 1.jpg 4a Anura
Sea-Monkey (Artemia nyos) Brine shrimp (Artemia spp., esp. A. salina) 1950s Lake Urmia, Iran pets SeaMonkiesInAquarium.JPG Domesticated 6c Other Arthropods
Ball python (Python regius) Ball python (Python regius) 1960s Africa pets Ball python lucy.JPG Captive bred 3a Serpentes
Dwarf hamsters (Phodopus spp.) Campbell's dwarf, Djungarian and Roborovski hamsters (Phodopus campbelli, P. sungorus and P. roborovskii) 1960s Europe pets, research Phodopus roborovskii side.jpg Held/tame in captivity 1d Rodentia
Zebra finch (Taeniopygia guttata) Zebra finch (Taeniopygia guttata) 20th century Australia pets, show Zebra finch arp.jpg Plumage changes, some breeds are physically larger 2d Passeriformes
Axolotl (Ambystoma mexicanum) Axolotl 20th century Mexico research, pets Ambystoma mexicanum at Vancouver Aquarium.jpg Slight physical changes Critically endangered in the wild 4b Other Amphibians
Leopard gecko (Eublepharis macularius) Leopard gecko (Eublepharis macularius) 20th century Pakistan pets Male Leopard Gecko.JPG Slight physical modification Somewhat common in captivity 3b Lacertilia
American bison (Bison bison) American bison (Bison bison) 20th century North America meat, leather, hides Tatanka.jpg Semidomesticated 1b Bovidae
Companion parrot (Order Psittaciformes) Many species (Order Psittaciformes) 1980s and 1990s Australia, Europe, Africa, Asia, North America, South America pets, companion, talking bird, ornamental Congo African Grey pet on a perch.JPG Held/tame in captivity 2e Psittaciformes
Turquoise parrot (Neophema pulchella) Turquoise parrot (Neophema pulchella) 20th century Australia pets, show Neophema pulchella -Rainbow Jungle -Australia-8a.jpg Held/tame in captivity 2e Psittaciformes
Green and black poison dart frog (Dendrobates auratus) Green and black poison dart frog (Dendrobates auratus) Mid-to-late 20th century Nicaragua; Costa Rica; Panama; Colombia pets Dendrobates auratus (Antwerp Zoo).jpg Slight physical changes; loss of toxicity 4a Anura
Diamond dove (Geopelia cuneata) Diamond dove (Geopelia cuneata) Date uncertain Australia pets Geopelia cuneata03.jpg held/tame in captivity 2c Columbiformes
Grey-banded kingsnake (Lampropeltis alterna) Grey-banded kingsnake (Lampropeltis alterna) date uncertain Texas, New Mexico, Chihuahua pets Lampropeltis alterna.jpg Held/tame in captivity 3a Serpentes
Corn snake (Pantherophis gutttatus) Corn snake (Pantherophis guttatus) 1960s United States pets Kornnatter.jpg Slight physical changes Somewhat common in captivity, common in the wild 3a Serpentes
Muskox (Ovibos moschatus) Muskox (Ovibos moschatus) 1960s United States wool, meat, milk Ovibos moschatus qtl3.jpg Held/tame in captivity 1b Bovidae
Central bearded dragon (Pogona vitticeps) Central bearded dragon (Pogona vitticeps) 1970s Australia pets Bartagame fcm.jpg slight physical changes 3b Lacertilia
Eclectus parrot (Eclectus roratus) Eclectus parrot (Eclectus roratus) 1980s Australia, Indonesia, New Guinea, Solomon Islands pets Eclectus roratus-20030511.jpg Held/tame in captivity 2e Psittaciformes
Salmon-crested cockatoo (Cacatua moluccensis) Salmon-crested cockatoo (Cacatua moluccensis) 1980s Maluku Islands pets, show, talking bird Cacatua moluccensis - closeup of head.jpg Held/tame in captivity 2e Psittaciformes
Sugar glider (Petaurus breviceps) Sugar glider (Petaurus breviceps) 1980s Australia pets Petaurus breviceps 1.jpg Domesticated 1e Other Mammals
Lawson's dragon (Pogona henrylawsoni) Lawson's dragon (Pogona henrylawsoni) 1980s Australia pets Pogona henrylawsoni.jpg Held/tame in captivity 3b Lacertilia
Buff-tailed bumblebee (Bombus terrestris) Buff-tailed bumblebee (Bombus terrestris) 1980s Europe wax, pollination Bumblebee October 2007-3a.jpg Held/tame in captivity 6a Hymenoptera
Greater rhea (Rhea americana) Greater rhea (Rhea americana) 1990s South America meat, eggs, feathers, leather, oil Rhea side profile.jpg Semidomesticated 2f Other Birds
Emu (Dromaius novaehollandiae) Emu (Dromaius novaehollandiae) 1990s Australia meat, eggs, feathers, leather, oil Emu-wild.jpg Semidomesticated 2f Other Birds
Degu (Octodon degus) Degu (Octodon degus) 1990s Chilean Andes pets, research Octodon degus -Heidelberg Zoo, Germany-8a.jpg 1d Rodentia
Mongolian gerbil (Meriones unguiculatus) et al. Mongolian gerbil (Meriones unguiculatus) and others of the genus 1990s Mongolia pets, research Golden Agouti Male 4-1-05.jpg Held/tame in captivity 1d Rodentia
Green iguana (Iguana iguana) Green iguana (Iguana iguana) 1990s South America pets, meat, leather St Thomas Marriott Iguana 9 cropped.jpg Captive bred 3b Lacertilia
Green tree python (Morelia viridis) Green tree python (Morelia viridis) mid-1990s New Guinea, Indonesia, Australia pets Morelia-viridis.jpg Captive bred 3a Serpentes
Red-tailed black cockatoo (Calyptorhynchus banksii) Red-tailed black cockatoo (Calyptorhynchus banksii) late 1990s Australia pets Red tailed Black Cockatoo in flight.jpg Held/tame in captivity 2e Psittaciformes
Gouldian finch (Erythrura gouldiae) Gouldian finch (Erythrura gouldiae) late 1990s Australia pets, show Male adult Gouldian Finch.jpg Held/tame in captivity 2d Passeriformes
Australian green tree frog (Litoria caerulea) Australian green tree frog late 20th century Australia pets Caerulea3 crop.jpg 4a Anura
Argentine and Cranwell's horned frogs (Ceratophrys ornata & C. cranwelli) Argentine and Cranwell's horned frogs (Ceratophrys ornata & C. cranwelli) late 20th century Argentina pets Argentine Horned Frog (Ceratophrys ornata)1.JPG 4a Anura
Crucian carp (Carassius carassius) Crucian carp (Carassius carassius) 2000s England, Russia meat, pets Carassius carassius Prague Vltava 2.jpg Domesticated 5a Cyprinidae
King quail (Coturnix chinensis) King quail (Coturnix chinensis) date uncertain Asia, Australia pets Excalfactoria chinensis (aka).jpg Held/tame in captivity 2b Galliformes
Lowland paca (Cuniculus paca) Lowland paca (Cuniculus paca) Date uncertain Mexico, Argentina meat, pets Cuniculus paca.jpg Held/tame in captivity 1d Rodentia
Steppe lemming (Lagurus lagurus) Steppe lemming (Lagurus lagururs) Date uncertain Eurasian Steppe pets Lagurus lagurus.jpg 1d Rodentia
Pale and Lesser gerbils (Gerbillus perpallidus, G. gerbillus) Pale and Lesser gerbils (Gerbillus perpallidus, G. gerbillus) Date uncertain Egypt pets Perpallidus.jpg 1d Rodentia
Black spiny-tailed iguana (Ctenosaura similis) Black spiny-tailed iguana (Ctenosaura similis) date uncertain Central America pets, meat CtenosauraSimilis.jpg Captive bred 3b Lacertilia
Crimson, Eastern and Western rosellas (Platycercus elegans, P. eximius & P. icterotis) Crimson, Eastern and Western rosellas (Platycercus elegans, P. eximius & P. icterotis) Date uncertain Australia pets Platycercus eximius diemenensis male.jpg Semidomesticated 2e Psittaciformes
Red-eared slider (Trachemys scripta elegans) Red-eared slider (Trachemys scripta elegans) date uncertain United States pets, meat Sheldonbasking.JPG Easy to domesticate Fairly common in captivity, common in the wild 3c Other Reptiles
Rusty-spotted cat (Prionailurus rubiginosus) Rusty-spotted cat (Prionailurus rubiginosus) date uncertain India, Sri Lanka pets Rostkatze Zoo Berlin.JPG Easy to domesticate 1c Carnivora
Star finch (Neochmia ruficauda) Star finch (Neochmia ruficauda) date uncertain Australia pets, show Neochmia ruficauda (aka).jpg Held/tame in captivity 2d Passeriformes
Tarantula (Brachypelma spp. et al) Mexican redknee tarantula (Brachypelma smithi) and others Date uncertain Mexico pets, research Brachypelma smithi 2009 G09.jpg Common in captivity, getting rare in the wild. 6c Other Arthropods
Crested gecko (Rhacodactylus ciliatus) Crested gecko (Rhacodactylus ciliatus) Date uncertain New Caledonia pets Gekkoninae Rhacodactylus ciliatus tete.png Captive bred Somewhat common in captivity, nearly extinct in wild 3b Lacertilia
Common kusimanse (Crossarchus obscurus) Common kusimanse (Crossarchus obscurus) Date uncertain West Africa pets Cusimanse.jpg Captive bred 1c Carnivora
Kissing gourami (Helostoma temminckii) Kissing gourami (Helostoma temminckii) Date uncertain Thailand, Indonesia meat, pets Kissfish.jpg Domesticated 5b Other Fish
Piranha (Pygocentrus nattereri et al.) Red-bellied piranha (Pygocentrus nattereri) and others Date uncertain South America meat, pets, research, fighting Gregory Moine - Red bellied Piranha (by).jpg Semidomesticated Fairly common in captivity, common in the wild 5b Other Fish
Dubia roach (Blaptica dubia) Dubia roach (Blaptica dubia) Date uncertain Central and South America animal feed, pets Dubia-cockroach-female-near-ruler.jpg 6b Other Insects
Mealworm and Superworm (Tenebrio molitor and Zophobas morio) Larvae of Darkling beetles (Tenebrio molitor and Zophobas morio) Date uncertain Europe animal feed, meat Zophobas morio larva - top (aka).jpg Captive bred 6b Other Insects
Red flour beetle (Tribolium castaneum) Red flour beetle (Tribolium castaneum) Date uncertain United States research Tribolium castaneum.jpg Captive bred 6b Other Insects
Waxworm (Achroia grisella and Galleria mellonella) Larvae of Lesser and Greater wax moths (Achroia grisella and Galleria mellonella) Date uncertain Europe ? animal feed, bait, research Achroia grisella caterpillars kleine wasmot rupsen (1).jpg Captive bred 6b Other Insects

Taxonomical Groupings[edit]

The categories used in Taxon Group column are: 1a Artiodactyla except Bovidae, 1b Bovidae, 1c Carnivora, 1d Rodentia, 1e Other Mammals, 2a Anseriformes, 2b Galliformes, 2c Columbiformes, 2d Passeriformes, 2e Psittaciformes, 2f Other Birds, 3a Serpentes, 3b Lacertilia, 3c Other Reptiles, 4a Anura, 4b Other Amphibians, 5a Cyprinidae, 5b Other Fish, 6a Hymenoptera, 6b Other Insects, 6c Other Arthropods, 7 Other Animals

References[edit]

  1. ^ Animal Domestication - Table of Dates and Places of Animal Domestication
  2. ^ http://dienekes.blogspot.com/2008/10/dog-domestication-in-aurignacian
  3. ^ name="Worldfirst">MSNBC : World's first dog lived 31,700 years ago, ate big
  4. ^ Krebs, Robert E. & Carolyn A. (2003). Groundbreaking Scientific Experiments, Inventions & Discoveries of the Ancient World. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press. ISBN 0-313-31342-3. 
  5. ^ Simmons, Paula; Carol Ekarius (2001). Storey's Guide to Raising Sheep. North Adams, MA: Storey Publishing LLC. ISBN 978-1-58017-262-2. 
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  7. ^ Melinda A. Zeder, Goat busters track domestication (Physiologic changes and evolution of goats into a domesticated animal), April 2000.
  8. ^ Source : Laboratoire de Préhistoire et Protohistoire de l'Ouest de la France [1], (French).
  9. ^ Driscoll, C. A.; Menotti-Raymond, M.; Roca, A. L.; Hupe, K.; Johnson, W. E.; Geffen, E.; Harley, E. H.; Delibes, M.; Pontier, D.; Kitchener, A. C.; Yamaguchi, N.; O'Brien, S. J.; Macdonald, D. W. (2007), The Near Eastern Origin of Cat Domestication, Science 317: 519–523, doi:10.1126/science.1139518, PMID 17600185 .
  10. ^ "Oldest Known Pet Cat? 9,500-Year-Old Burial Found on Cyprus". National Geographic News. 2004-04-08. Retrieved 2007-03-06. 
  11. ^ Muir, Hazel (2004-04-08). "Oldest Known Pet Cat? 9,500-Year-Old Burial Found on Cyprus". New Scientist. Retrieved 2007-11-23. 
  12. ^ Walton, Marsha (April 9, 2004). "Ancient burial looks like human and pet cat". CNN. Retrieved 2007-11-23. 
  13. ^ West B., Zhou B-X. (1989). "Did chickens go north? New evidence for domestication" (PDF). World’s Poultry Science Journal 45 (3): 205–18. doi:10.1079/WPS19890012. 
  14. ^ History of the Guinea Pig (Cavia porcellus) in South America, a summary of the current state of knowledge
  15. ^ Beja-Pereira, Albano, et al. (18 June 2004). "African Origins of the Domestic Donkey". Science 304 (1781). doi:10.1126/science.1096008. PMID 15205528. [New Scientist Lay summary]. 
  16. ^ Roger Blench, The history and spread of donkeys in Africa PDF (235 KB)
  17. ^ The Domestication of the Horse; see also Domestication of the horse
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  19. ^ Guinea Fowl
  20. ^ Glover, James. "The Ancestry Of The Domestic Ferret". PetPeoplesPlace.com. Retrieved 2006-09-12. 
  21. ^ Interesting Rabbit Domestication History
  22. ^ http://www.academia.edu/5002588/Towards_a_cultural_history_of_the_Bengalese_Finch_Lonchura_domestica
  23. ^ name="Guideon, et. al." Guideon, Khoo; Kok Fang Lim, Damien K. Y., Fan Chen, Woon Kiong Chan, Tit Meng Lim, Violet P. E. Fang (2002). [https:/gd/springerlink3.metapress.com/content/cg01hmdybtb8kmjl/resource-secured/?target=fulltext.pdf&sid=4mp2w541s41s4gkiqhs1dq0x&sh=www.springerlink.com "Genetic Diversity within and Among Feral Populations and Domesticated Strains of the Guppy (Poecilia reticulata) in Singapore"]. Marine Biotechnology 4 (4): 367–378. doi:10.1007/s10126-002-0007-z. Retrieved 3 October 2012.