List of dragonflies of Minorca

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Sympetrum fonscolombii the red-veined darter, Algendar gorge, Menorca

Menorca is a small island in the Mediterranean Sea belonging to Spain. Along with Majorca, Ibiza, and Formentera it is part of the Balearic Islands. lt has a population of approximately 88,000. It is located 39°47' to 40°00'N, 3°52' to 4°24'E. It is a 'dry' island without many wetlands or river systems; many of the wetlands in Menorca were drained to provide agricultural land. Despite this dragonflies are abundant on Menorca and in summer any pool of water will be alive with them. The best months to see dragonflies are May to September.

The taxonomy follows that of Dijkstra, K-D.B & Lewington, R. (2006).

Suborder Zygoptera (Damselflies)[edit]

Sympecma fusca, Binixems, Menorca

Family Calopterygidae (Demoiselles)

Family Lestidae (Emerald damselflies or spreadwings)

Family Coenagrionidae (Blue, blue-tailed & red damselflies)

Suborder Anisoptera (Dragonflies)[edit]

Sympetrum fonscolombii the red-veined darter, Algendar gorge, Menorca

Family Aeshnidae (Hawkers and Emperors)

A. affinis and A. mixta are very alike in appearance. Blue aeshna are frequently seen in late summer but there are not many positive identifications of either species on record.

Family Libellulidae (Chasers, Skimmers and Darters)

Most darters seen in Menorca with a very red colouring are S. fonscolombii but some are C. erythraea which occurs in many of the same locations. On close observation these two species can be told apart as they have quite different body shapes. Also S. fonscolombii usually oviposits in tandem whereas female C. erythraea oviposit solo.

See also[edit]


  • Askew, R.R. (2004) The Dragonflies of Europe. (revised ed.) Harley Books. . ISBN 0-946589-75-5
  • d'Aguilar, J., Dommanget, JL., and Prechac, R. (1986) A field guide to the Dragonflies of Britain, Europe and North Africa. Collins. . ISBN 0-00-219436-8
  • Boudot JP., et al. (2009) Atlas of the Odonata of the Mediterranean and North Africa. Libellula Supplement 9:1-256.
  • Dijkstra, K-D.B & Lewington, R. (2006) Field Guide to the Dragonflies of Britain and Europe. British Wildlife Publishing. ISBN 0-9531399-4-8.
  • Ocharan, F.J., (1987) Neuvos datos sobre los odonatos de Menorca (Espana). Bol. R. Soc. Espanola Hist. Nat. (Biol.). 83 (1-4):155-161

External links[edit]