List of drowning victims
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- Tiberinus Silvius, ninth Latin king of Rome, drowned in the River Tiber, which was named after him.
- Hippasus of Metapontum, a student of the mathematician Pythagoras, who, by some accounts, was drowned by his fellow Pythagoreans for the imprudence of discovering irrational numbers.
- Qu Yuan of China in 278 BC. Committed ritual suicide as a form of protest against the corruption of the era, a sacrifice still commemorated today during the Duan Wu or Dragon Boat Festival.
- Pharaoh Ptolemy XIII of Egypt, drowned in the Nile in 47 BC.
- Antinous (born circa 111), lover of Roman Emperor Hadrian, drowned in the Nile in 130; the grieving emperor commissioned hundreds of statues of the youth and spread them around the Empire.
- Maxentius, Roman Emperor, drowned in the Tiber River during the chaos of the Battle of the Milvian Bridge on October, 28, 312.
- Yuan Zhao, briefly an emperor of the Northern Wei, thrown together with Empress Dowager Hu into the Yellow River to drown
- Li Bai, Chinese poet, in 762. It is, however, suggested that he died of excessive drinking or mercury poisoning.
- William Adelin (born 1103) and his half sister Matilda FitzEdith, countess of Perches (born circa 1090), children of king Henry I of England, drowned in the Channel on 25 November 1120 in the White Ship wreck.
- Taira no Koremori is believed to have committed suicide in May 10, 1184 after defeated at the Battle of Kurikara.
- Emperor Antoku, Taira no Tokiko, Tomomori, Noritsune and many other members of the Taira clan committed suicide on April 25, 1185 after defeated at the Battle of Dan-no-ura.
- Friedrich I Barbarossa, Duke of Swabia and Holy Roman Emperor, drowned in the Göks River (Cilicia) on 6 June 1190 during the Third Crusade, leaving an unstable alliance between Richard I of England and Philip II of France.
- Henry of Antioch, Henry of Poitiers or Henri de Poitiers, drowned at sea on 18 June/27 June/28 June 1276, son of Bohemund IV of Antioch and first wife Plaisance Embriaco de Giblet
- King Magnus IV of Sweden and Norway (as Magnus VII), 1316 – 1374.
- Saint John of Nepomuk, martyred by drowning in 1393.
- Henry Holland, 3rd Duke of Exeter, Constable of the Tower of London, 1430 – 1475
- George, Duke of Clarence (born 1449), executed for treason against his brother king Edward IV of England on 1478, by drowning in a barrel of Malmsey wine; or so the legend says, because modern assessments favour the traditional decapitation instead
- Bartolomeu Dias, Portuguese explorer who sailed around the Cape of Good Hope. Drowned not far from the Cape of Good Hope in 1500
- King Louis II of Hungary in the Csele Brook, on escape from the catastrophic Battle of Mohács (1526). Heavy cavalry armor impeded his ability to swim.
- Felix Manz, co-founder of the Swiss Anabaptists, was drowned in 1527 in the Limmat River in Zürich by the Zürich Reformed state church
- Francisco Rodrigues Lobo (b. 1580), a Portuguese poet and writer of Sephardi Jewish origin, drowned on 4 November 1621
- John William Friso of Orange-Nassau, stadholder of the Low Countries, in 1711
- Miguel de Bragança (b. 1699), bastard son of King Peter II of Portugal, in the Tagus River on 13 January 1724
- Peter Artedi, a disciple of Linnaeus, considered the father of Ichthyology, fell by accident in a channel of Amsterdam in 1735
- Percy Bysshe Shelley, influential English Romantic poet, in a sudden storm while sailing off Livorno on 8 July 1822.
- Charles Clement Johnston, U.S. Representatives from Virginia, drown in Atlantic near a dock in Alexandria, Virginia in 1832.
- Lucas Barrett, English naturalist and geologist in 1862.
- Constantine W. Buckley, former Speaker of the Texas House of Representatives, drowned in the Brazos River near Columbia, Texas on 19 December 1865.
- William Collinson Sawyer 1st Bishop of Grafton and Armidaledied when the boat he was travelling in sank on the Clarence River.
- Julius Krohn (b. 1835), founder of the scientific study of folklore, and influential journalist, author and translator. Ethnically German but active in Finland. Drowned in a freak sailing accident in 1888.
- Sir W. S. Gilbert (b. 1836), British humorist, librettist of the Gilbert and Sullivan operas, drowned on 29 May 1911 while going to the rescue of two other swimmers in the lake at his home. He may have died from a heart attack rather than by drowning.
- Michel Tamarati (born 1858), a Georgian Catholic priest and historian, died while trying to rescue a drowning man in stormy sea near Santa Marinella, Italy, on September 16, 1911.
- John Jacob Astor IV (born 1864), drowned in the Titanic disaster 1912.
- Benjamin Guggenheim (born 1865), drowned in the Titanic disaster 1912.
- Isidor Straus and wife Ida Straus, drowned in the Titanic disaster.
- Grigori Rasputin (died 1916), Russian mystic and Imperial adviser. The aristocratic faction tried to kill him using several methods, including, after poison, several gunshots; this is believed to be the main cause of his death, but after his body was thrown in the Neva River (and later recovered), many tend to believe that drowning was the final cause of his death. For others, attributing death by drowning means adding to a legend.
- Enrique Granados, drowned after jumping out of a lifeboat to rescue his wife, following the torpedoing of their ship by the German navy during World War I, in 1916.
- William Wilton (born 1865), Scottish football manager (Rangers F.C.), drowned in a boating accident at Gourock, Scotland in 1920.
- Sacadura Cabral, died on 15 November 1924 after his airplane disappeared over the English Channel, along with his co-pilot Mechanical Corporal José Correia. As no bodies were found, it is not known whether they actually drowned.
- J. W. H. T. Douglas, 1882–1930, cricketer, died unsuccessfully trying to rescue his father after a collision at sea.
- Bertie Johnston, Australian politician, drowned at Black Rock, Victoria in 1932.
- Hart Crane, poet; suicide in the Caribbean in April 1932.
- Eugene James (1913–1933), Kentucky Derby-winning American jockey drowned in Lake Michigan while swimming at Chicago's Oak Street Beach.
- Jiro Sato (born 1908), Japanese tennis player, committed suicide in the Strait of Malacca on April 5, 1934.
- James Murray, 1901–1936, actor, found drowned in the Hudson River, possible suicide.
- Virginia Woolf (born 1882), British writer, committed suicide on 28 March 1941.
- Osamu Dazai (born 1909), Japanese writer, committed shinjū in the Tamagawa Aqueduct on June 13, 1948.
- Arky Vaughan (born 1912), baseball Hall of Famer, drowned after falling from his fishing boat on 30 August 1952.
- David Kenyon Webster, of the 101st Airborne (Band of Brothers) was lost at sea, September 6, 1961, while studying sharks. Presumed drowned.
- Johnny Burnette, pop singer known for hits such as You're Sixteen drowned after a boating accident on August 14, 1964.
- Prince Frederick of Prussia (born 1911), died in 1966 at Reinhartshausen, Germany after drowning in the Rhine.
- Eric Fleming, actor best known for his role in the CBS series Rawhide, drowned on 28 September 1966, in a remote river in Peru's back country while filming the made-for-TV movie "Selva Alta" ("High Jungle") for MGM.
- Harold Holt, serving Prime Minister of Australia, presumed drowned on 17 December 1967.
- Brian Jones (born 1942), original guitarist of The Rolling Stones, drowned in Hartfield, Sussex, England, in his own swimming pool on 3 July 1969. Classified as "death by misadventure".
- Mary Jo Kopechne (born 1940), drowned in Edward Kennedy's Oldsmobile Delta 88 in a car accident off of Chappaquiddick Island in mid-July 1969.
- Albert Ayler, jazz musician, suspected suicide November 1970.
- Cengaver Katrancı (born 1964), a Turkish boy, who lived in West Berlin. He is one of the youngest victims of the Berlin Wall’s existence. Drowned in the Spree in October 30, 1972.
- István Kertész, orchestral conductor, accident, 16 April 1973.
- Josef Mengele (born 1911), war criminal and leader of the Nazi human experimentation programme, drowned while swimming off the Brazilian coast in 1979.
- Natalie Wood (born 1938), actress, drowned in a yachting accident in 1981; the accident raised several suspicions and murder was considered.
- Joe Delaney (born 1958), Running back for the Kansas City Chiefs, accidentally drowned in 1983 while trying to save three children who were screaming for help.
- Dennis Wilson, one of the members of the Beach Boys, in 1983.
- Jessica Savitch (born 1947), NBC and PBS broadcaster and reporter, drowned when her car went off the road during a heavy rainstorm into a canal. Her car sank upside down in the mud and filled with water on 23 October 1983.
- Fernando Pereira Dutch photographer drowned when French agents sunk the Greenpeace ship Rainbow Warrior, July the 10th, 1985.
- Carol Wayne, American actress who drowned under mysterious circumstances in Manzanillo, Mexico in 1985.
- Jerry Anderson, former NFL football player who drowned while saving a boy who had fallen into a flooded creek in 1989.
- Jim Hodder, (born 1947), American drummer who drowned in his pool in 1990.
- Robert Maxwell, newspaper magnate, disappeared from his yacht under mysterious circumstances in 1991, body later recovered off the coast of Tenerife.
- Kiyoshi Nishimura, Japanese film maker, committed suicide on November 17, 1993
- Tom Mees, longtime sportscaster for ESPN, drowned while trying to rescue his 4 year old daughter in a neighbor's swimming pool, in 1996. The daughter survived.
- David Chan Yuk-cheung (Chinese: 陈毓祥, born 1950), a leader of Baodiao movement in Hong Kong, drowned in the sea during a protest in 1996.
- Jeff Buckley (born 1966), singer-songwriter, drowned in the Wolf River in Memphis, Tennessee in 1997.
- Spalding Gray, monologuist and actor (Swimming to Cambodia), born 1941, in a suspected suicide in New York City's East River in 2004.
- Tom Rogers (born 1918), creator of Charlie the Tuna for StarKist, drowned in his son's swimming pool while swimming alone, in Charlottesville, VA on June 24, 2005. He was 87 years old.
- Édouard Michelin (born 1963), French businessman, drowned while fishing near the island of Sein in northwest France, in 2006.
- Rafael Donato (born 1938), distinguished Filipino educator and university president, accidentally drowned off the coast of Morong, Bataan, in the Philippines in 2006.
- Marquise Hill (born 1982), Defensive End for the New England Patriots, accidentally drowned in Lake Pontchartrain in New Orleans after a jet ski accident on 27 May 2007.
- Kari Blackburn (born 1954), BBC World Service executive, drowned (suicide) at sea at Felixstowe, Suffolk, England in 2007.
- Katoucha Niane (born 1960), French model, drowned in the Seine in 2008.
- Pit Martin (born 1943), Canadian ice hockey player, drowned after his snowmobile fell through thin ice in Quebec in 2008.
- Ophélie Bretnacher, a French student, drowned in the Danube between December 2008 and February 2009.
- Toshiharu Ikeda, Japanese film director and screenwriter, committed suicide in December 2010.
- Marie-France Pisier, French actress, found dead in her swimming pool April 2011.
- Whitney Houston, American singer, found dead in her bathtub following a barbiturate overdose, February 2012.
- Rodney King, American construction worker, victim of police brutality, found dead in his swimming pool with alcohol, marijuana and cocaine in his system, June 2012.
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- Russell, Deb (30 April 2005). "Irrational Pythagoreans Hippasus Expelled!". About.com. Retrieved 12 February 2012.
- "Why Did Qu Yuan Choose to Drown Himself in the River on the Ghost Festival?". Cultural China. Retrieved 12 February 2012.
- "Ptolemy XIII Theos Philopator". virtualreligion.net. Retrieved 12 February 2012.
- Birley, A.R (2000). "Hadrian to the Antonines". In Alan K. Bowman, Peter Garnsey, Dominic Rathbone. The Cambridge ancient history: The High Empire, A.D. 70-192. Cambridge University Press. p. 144.
- "Coins of Maxentius". Retrieved 12 February 2012.
- "Li Bai and Chinese Poetry". Retrieved 2008-01-22.
- William of Malmesbury, from Marion Meade, Eleanor of Aquitaine
- Schmadel, Lutz (May 2003). Dictionary of minor planet names. International Astronomical Union. p. 376. ISBN 978-3-540-00238-3.
- Comyn, Robert (1851). History of the Western Empire, from its Restoration by Charlemagne to the Accession of Charles V, Vol. I. p. 267.
- "Magnus VII". findagrave.com. Retrieved 12 February 2012.
- "List of Unusual Deaths". Digital Karma.org. Retrieved 12 February 2012.
- "The Sinking of the Don Juan" by Donald Prell, Keats-Shelley journal, Vol. LVI, 2007, pp 136–154
- "Charles Clement Johnson". findagrave.com.
- "Barrett, Lucas 1837-1862 – geologist and naturalist". Retrieved 18 February 2012.
- * Constantine W. Buckley from the Handbook of Texas Online
- Illustrated London News, 1868
- Siikala, Anna-Leena. "Kaarle Krohn’s Way". Folklore Fellows.
- Ford, Tom. "G&S: the Lennon/McCartney of the 19th century". Limelight Magazine, Haymarket Media Ltd., 8 June 2011
- Commemorating Mikheil Tamarashvili. The Messenger Online. October 25, 2011. Accessed April 16, 2012.
- "John Jacob Astor IV". titanic-passengers.com. Retrieved 16 February 2012.
- "Benjamin Guggenheim". biography.com. Retrieved 16 February 2012.
- Encyclopedia Titanica article on Isidor Straus.
- Joseph L. Gardner (ed.), "The Unholy Monk", Reader's Digest Great Mysteries of the Past, 1991, p. 161.
- "Enrique Granados (1867 - 1916)". Piano Society. Retrieved 16 February 2012.
- "William Wilton". bighun. Retrieved 16 February 2012.
- Sodré, João. "Sacadura Cabral Pioneer Airman". Vidas Lusophonus. Retrieved 16 February 2012.
- "Johnny Douglas". cricket365.com.
- "Rainy Weather Expected to Hang On Tonight". Del Rio News Herald. February 12, 1975. Retrieved 14 August 2013.
- Hamill, Janet. "The Lonesome Death of Hart Crane". About.com. Retrieved 16 February 2012.
- Mooney, Bill (May 14, 2005). "Kentucky Derby-winning jockey has short career, mysterious death". Thoroughbred Times. Retrieved 16 February 2012.
- Cottrell, John (30 August 1971). "Death En Route To Wimbledon". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved 18 February 2012.
- Roberts, Sam (May 15, 2005). "CITY LORE; A Pair of Dreamers". The New York Times. Retrieved 1 June 2009.
- Panken, Shirley (1987). ""Oh that our human pain could here have ending" – Between the Acts". Virginia Woolf and the "Lust of Creation": a Psychoanalytic Exploration. SUNY Press. pp. 260–262. ISBN 978-0-88706-200-1. Retrieved 13 August 2009.
- Curtin, Sean. "Madman in the Courtyard". Japan Society of the UK. Retrieved 16 February 2012.
- McCurdie, Jim (August 31, 1985). "ARKY : Life of Vaughan Recalled on 33rd Anniversary of Death of Baseball Hall of Famer". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 11 November 2011.
- "PFC David Kenyon "Web" Webster". findagrave.com. Retrieved 16 February 2012.
- "Dead Rock Stars". classicbands.com. Retrieved 12 February 2012.
- "Friedrich Georg Wilhelm Christoph Prinz von Preußen". The Peerage. 15 November 2012. Retrieved 24 January 2014.
- TV Actor Eric Fleming Is Drowned, St. Petersburg Times. October 1, 1966
- "Harold Holt: GNT History, ABC, 22/9/2003". Abc.net.au. Retrieved 25 April 2010.
- Wyman, Bill, with Ray Coleman (1997). Stone Alone: The Story of a Rock 'n' Roll Band. New York: DaCapo Press. ISBN 0-306-80783-1, pp. 329
- Russell, Jenna (February 17, 2009). "Chapter 3: Chappaquiddick: Conflicted ambitions, then, Chappaquiddick". The Boston Globe.
- ""Albert Ayler" by Jeff Schwarz, Chapter 6". Archived from the original on 2009-10-25.
- "Berlin Wall Memorial – Cengaver Katranci". Berliner Mauer Gedenkstätte. Retrieved 2013-09-28.
- Obituary for István Kertész, The Musical Times, 114(1564), 632 (1973).
- Blumenthal, Ralph (July 22, 1985). "Scientists Decide Brazil Skeleton Is Josef Mengele.". New York Times. Retrieved March 21, 2008. "American, Brazilian and West German scientists announced jointly today that a skeleton recently[when?] exhumed from a graveyard near here was unquestionably that of Dr. Josef Mengele. A separate report by American experts concluded that the bones were those of the long-sought Nazi death-camp doctor 'within a reasonable scientific certainty.' ..."
- Winton, Richard (January 10, 2012). "Detectives find no evidence of foul play in Natalie Wood's death". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved January 15, 2012.
- Riley, Rick (July 2, 2003). "No Ordinary Joe". Retrieved 12 February 2012.
- "The Close of an Endless Summer". Cinetropic.com. Retrieved 12 February 2012.
- Blair, Gwenda (1989). Almost Golden: Jessica Savitch and the Selling of Television News. Avon Books.
- "Death of a Rainbow Warrior". Greenpeace. Retrieved 12 February 2012.
- Austin, John (1991). More of Hollywood's Unsolved Mysteries. SP Books. p. 98. ISBN 0-944007-73-2.
- Jerry Anderson's story on Rescue 911 Part 1
- "Maxwell's body found in sea", Ben Laurance, John Hooper, David Sharrock, and Georgina Henry, The Guardian, 6 November 1991
- "Mees's Death Is Ruled to Be an Accidental Drowning". The Washington Post. 2007-05-20. Retrieved 12 February 2012.
- Wigney, James (2007-05-20). "Real Buckley lives on". News.com.au. Retrieved 12 February 2012.
- Snead, Robin (August 2007). "What It Feels Like to Find Spalding Gray's Body". Esquire. p. 91. Retrieved 12 February 2012.
- "Tom Rogers, 87". Chicago Tribune. 2008-05-16. Retrieved 12 February 2012.
- "Édouard Michelin, 42, Tire Executive, Is Dead". The New York Times. 2006-05-27. Retrieved 12 February 2012.
- "DLSU-Araneta president dies in drowning incident". 4 November 2012. Retrieved 12 February 2012.
- Simpson, April and Michael Levenson (2007-05-29). "Patriot Hill is found dead". The Boston Globe. Retrieved 12 February 2012.
- "BBC editor's death 'was suicide'". BBC News. 2008-05-16. Retrieved 2008-05-26.
- Adam Sage (2008-02-11). "Supermodel Campaigner Missing After Party". Times Online (London). Retrieved 12 February 2012.
- "Pit Martin pronounced dead after snowmobile accident". TSN. 2008-12-01. Retrieved 12 February 2012.
- (English) "Ophélie Bretnacher mystery nears end as body recovered". Retrieved February 12, 2012., Caboodle.hu february 13th, 2009
- ""Mermaid Legend" director Toshiharu Ikeda dies at 59". Tokyograph. Retrieved 2011-11-12.
- Grimes, William (26 April 2011). "Marie-France Pisier, New Wave Darling, Dies at 66". The New York Times. Retrieved 12 February 2012.