List of dukedoms in the peerages of Britain and Ireland

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Peerages and baronetages of Britain and Ireland
Extant All
Dukes Dukedoms
Marquesses Marquessates
Earls Earldoms
Viscounts Viscountcies
Barons Baronies
Baronets Baronetcies

This page lists all dukedoms, extant, extinct, dormant, abeyant, or forfeit, in the peerages of England, Scotland, Great Britain, Ireland and the United Kingdom.

Introduction of Dukedoms into England[edit]

Edward III of England created the first three dukedoms of England (Cornwall, Lancaster and Clarence). His eldest son Edward, the Black Prince, was created Duke of Cornwall, the first English Duke, in 1337. Two weeks after the Prince's death the dukedom was recreated for his 9 year old son Richard of Bordeaux, who would eventually succeed his grandfather as Richard II. The Dukes of Cornwall are not numbered as part of their style.

The second dukedom was originally given to Henry of Grosmont, 1st Duke of Lancaster, but upon his death was re-created for the 3rd son of Edward III, John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster. On that same day Edward III also created a dukedom for his second son, Lionel of Antwerp, 1st Duke of Clarence. When Richard II reached majority, he created dukedoms for his last two uncles on the same day: Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York, and Thomas of Woodstock, 1st Duke of Gloucester.

By the end of the Middle Ages, traditionally marked by the Battle of Bosworth Field on 22 August 1485, a total of 31 dukedoms (with 16 distinct titles) had been created; yet only those of Cornwall and Lancaster remained. The duchy of Cornwall was permanently associated with the heir apparent, and the duchy of Lancaster became crown property.

The first Duke of Norfolk had died in the battle of Bosworth Field in 1485. Three decades later the Dukedom of Norfolk was restored to his son by Henry VIII. Thus when Elizabeth I came to power the only living duke was Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk. Elizabeth did not create any dukes, and she beheaded Thomas Howard at the age of 36 for plotting to wed Mary, Queen of Scots and overthrow her. There were no Dukes for the last 30 years of her reign. The extant Dukedoms in the Peerage of England were all created (or restored, in the cases of Norfolk and Somerset) in the Stuart period.

Dukedoms in the Peerage of England, 1337–1707[edit]

Title Date of creation Surname Current status Notes
Duke of Cornwall 9 February 1337 Plantagenet (originally) extant held by the eldest son of the monarch who is also heir-apparent to the throne; title currently held by Charles, Prince of Wales. Also includes the Duchy of Cornwall.
Duke of Lancaster 6 March 1351 Plantagenet extinct 13 March 1361  
Duke of Clarence 13 November 1362 Plantagenet extinct 17 October 1368  
Duke of Lancaster 13 November 1362 Plantagenet merged in crown 30 September 1399 the Sovereign is occasionally styled as Duke of Lancaster, regardless of gender. See also Duchy of Lancaster.
Duke of Cornwall 20 November 1376 Plantagenet merged in crown 22 June 1377 distinct from the 1337 creation, as the holder was not the eldest son of the monarch
Duke of York 6 August 1385 Plantagenet merged in crown 4 March 1461 forfeit 1415-1425; November 1459–7 October 1460[citation needed]
Duke of Gloucester 6 August 1385 Plantagenet forfeit 8 September 1397  
Duke of Ireland 13 October 1386 Vere forfeit 3 February 1388 creation for life only.
Duke of Hereford 29 September 1397 Plantagenet merged in crown 30 September 1399  
Duke of Aumale 29 September 1397 Plantagenet deprived of title 3 November 1399 also Earl of Rutland from 1390 and Duke of York from 1402
Duke of Exeter 29 September 1397 Holland deprived of title 1399  
Duke of Surrey 29 September 1397 Holland forfeit 1399  
Duke of Norfolk 29 September 1397 Mowbray extinct 17 January 1476 title not in use 1399 to 1425
Duchess of Norfolk 29 September 1397 Plantagenet extinct 24 March 1400 for life only
Duke of Lancaster 10 November 1399 Plantagenet merged in crown 20 March 1413 also Duke of Cornwall
Duke of Clarence 2 July 1412 Plantagenet extinct 22 March 1421  
Duke of Bedford 16 May 1414 Plantagenet extinct 14 September 1435  
Duke of Gloucester 16 May 1414 Plantagenet extinct 28 February 1447  
Duke of Exeter 18 November 1416 Beaufort extinct 30 December 1426  
Duke of Exeter 6 January 1443 Holland forfeit 4 November 1461  
Duke of Somerset 28 August 1443 Beaufort extinct 27 May 1444  
Duke of Buckingham 14 September 1444 Stafford forfeit 17 May 1521 also forfeit 2 November 1483–November 1485
Duke of Warwick 5 April 1445 Beauchamp extinct 11 June 1446  
Duke of Somerset 31 March 1448 Beaufort forfeit 3 April 1464 also forfeit 1461–1463
Duke of Suffolk 2 July 1448 de la Pole surrendered 26 February 1493 forfeit 1450-1463
Duke of Clarence June 1461 Plantagenet forfeit 18 February 1478  
Duke of Gloucester 1461 Plantagenet merged in crown 22 June 1483  
Duke of Bedford 5 January 1470 Nevill deprived of title 1478  
Duke of York 28 May 1474 Plantagenet extinct 1483 also Duke of Norfolk from 1477
Duke of Norfolk 12 June 1477 Plantagenet extinct 1483 also Duke of York
Duke of Norfolk 28 June 1483 Howard, Fitzalan-Howard extant title forfeit 22 August 1485–1 February 1514,
27 January 1547–October 1553,
2 June 1572–September 1660
Duke of Bedford 27 October 1485 Tudor extinct 21 December 1495  
Duke of York 31 October 1494 Tudor merged in crown 21 April 1509 also Duke of Cornwall from 1502
Duke of Somerset 24 February 1499 Tudor extinct 19 June 1500  
Duke of Suffolk 1 February 1514 Brandon extinct 14 July 1551  
Duke of Richmond and Somerset 18 June 1525 Fitzroy extinct 22 July 1536  
Duke of Somerset 16 February 1547 Seymour extant forfeit 22 January 1552–13 September 1660
Duke of Northumberland 11 October 1551 Dudley forfeit 22 August 1553  
Duke of Suffolk 11 October 1551 Grey forfeit 23 February 1554  
Duke of York 6 January 1605 Stewart merged in crown 27 March 1625 also Duke of Albany in Scotland and Duke of Cornwall from 1612
Duke of Richmond 17 May 1623 Stuart extinct 16 February 1624  
Duke of Buckingham 18 May 1623 Villiers extinct 16 April 1687  
Duke of Richmond 8 August 1641 Stuart extinct 12 December 1672  
Duke of Cumberland 24 January 1644 none (royal prince) extinct 29 November 1682  
Duke of York 27 January 1644 Stewart merged in crown 6 February 1685  
Duke of Gloucester 13 May 1659 Stewart extinct 13 September 1660  
Duke of Albemarle 7 July 1660 Monck extinct 6 October 1688  
Duke of Monmouth 14 February 1663 Scott forfeit 15 July 1685  
Duke of Cambridge 23 August 1664 Stewart extinct 20 June 1667  
Duke of Newcastle upon Tyne 16 March 1665 Cavendish extinct 26 July 1691  
Duke of Kendal 1666 Stuart extinct 22 May 1667  
Duke of Cambridge 7 October 1667 Stewart extinct 8 June 1671  
Duke of Cleveland 3 August 1670 Villiers, Fitzroy extinct 18 May 1774 also Duke of Southampton from 1709
Duchess of Portsmouth 19 August 1673 Penancoët de Kérouaille extinct 14 November 1734  
Duke of Richmond 9 August 1675 Lennox extant also Duke of Gordon in the United Kingdom from 1876 and Duke of Lennox in Scotland
Duke of Southampton 10 September 1675 Fitzroy extinct 18 May 1774 also Duke of Cleveland from 1709
Duke of Grafton 11 September 1675 Fitzroy extant  
Duke of Ormonde 9 November 1682 Butler forfeit 20 August 1715 also Duke of Ormonde in Ireland
Duke of Beaufort 2 December 1682 Somerset extant  
Duke of Northumberland 6 April 1683 Fitzroy extinct 3 July 1716  
Duke of St Albans 10 January 1684 Beauclerk extant  
Duke of Berwick-upon-Tweed 19 March 1687 Fitzjames unclear it was long thought that the title was forfeit sometime around 1695, but there is no evidence of an attainder. If there was not one, the title is extant
Duke of Cumberland 9 April 1689 none (royal prince) extinct 28 October 1708  
Duke of Bolton 9 April 1689 Paulet extinct 25 December 1794  
Duke of Schomberg 10 April 1689 Schomberg extinct 5 July 1719 also Duke of Leinster in Ireland from 1691
Duke of Shrewsbury 30 April 1694 Talbot extinct 1 February 1718  
Duke of Leeds 4 May 1694 Osborne extinct 20 March 1964  
Duke of Bedford 11 May 1694 Russell extant  
Duke of Devonshire 12 May 1694 Cavendish extant  
Duke of Newcastle upon Tyne 14 May 1694 Holles extinct 15 July 1711  
Duke of Marlborough 14 December 1702 Churchill, Spencer, Spencer-Churchill extant  
Duke of Buckingham and Normanby 23 March 1703 Sheffield extinct 30 October 1735  
Duke of Rutland 29 March 1703 Manners extant  
Duke of Montagu 14 April 1705 Montagu extinct 16 July 1749  
Duke of Cambridge 9 November 1706 none (royal prince) merged in crown 11 June 1727 also Duke of Cornwall from 1714

Dukedoms in the Peerage of Scotland, 1398–1707[edit]

Title Date of Creation Surname Current Status Notes
Duke of Rothesay 28 April 1398 Stewart extant held by eldest son of the monarch who is also heir-apparent; thus also Duke of Cornwall since 1603
Duke of Albany 28 April 1398 Stewart forfeit 24 May 1425  
Duke of Albany abt 1457 Stewart extinct 2 June 1536 forfeit 1479-1482, 1483–1514
Duke of Ross 29 January 1488 Stewart extinct 17 January 1504  
Duke of Montrose 18 May 1488 Lindsay extinct December 1495 deprived of title 1488-1489, title for life from 1489
Duke of Ross 1514 Stewart extinct 18 December 1515  
Duke of Albany 1541 Stewart extinct 1541  
Duke of Albany 20 July 1565 Stewart merged in crown 24 July 1567  
Duke of Orkney 12 May 1567 Hepburn forfeit 29 December 1567  
Duke of Lennox 5 August 1581 Stuart extinct 12 December 1672 also Duke of Richmond in England from 1623 until 1624 and from 1641; sat in the English House of Lords as Earl of Richmond 1613-1623 and as Earl of March 1624-1641
Duke of Albany 23 December 1600 Stewart merged in crown 27 March 1625 also Duke of York in England from 1605 and Duke of Rothesay from 1612
Duke of Kintyre and Lorne 1602 Stewart extinct 1602  
Duke of Hamilton 12 April 1643 Hamilton, Douglas-Hamilton extant also Duke of Brandon in Great Britain from 1711; sat in the English House of Lords as Earl of Cambridge in the Peerage of England 1643-1651 and in the British House of Lords as Duke of Brandon in the Peerage of Great Britain 1782-1963
Duke of Hamilton 20 September 1660 Douglas (Hamilton) extinct 18 April 1694 for life only; husband of the suo jure Duchess of Hamilton
Duke of Albany 31 December 1660 Stewart merged in crown 6 February 1685 also Duke of York in England
Duke of Buccleuch 20 April 1663 Scott forfeit 15 July 1685 also Duke of Monmouth in England
Duke of Buccleuch 20 April 1663 Scott, Montagu-Douglas-Scott extant also Duke of Queensberry from 1810; sat in the House of Lords as Earl of Doncaster in the Peerage of England 1743-1963
Duke of Lauderdale 1 May 1672 Maitland extinct 24 August 1682  
Duke of Lennox 9 September 1675 Lennox extant also Duke of Gordon in the United Kingdom from 1876 and Duke of Richmond in England
Duke of Rothes 29 May 1680 Leslie extinct 27 July 1681  
Duke of Gordon 3 November 1684 Gordon extinct 28 May 1836 sat in the House of Lords as Earl of Norwich in the Peerage of Great Britain 1784-1836
Duke of Queensberry 3 November 1684 Douglas, Montagu-Douglas Scott extant also Duke of Dover in Great Britain from 1708 until 1778 and Duke of Buccleuch from 1810
Duke of Argyll 23 June 1701 Campbell extant also Duke of Greenwich in Great Britain from 1718 until 1743 and Duke of Argyll in the United Kingdom from 1892; sat in the House of Lords as Earl of Greenwich 1705-1743, and as Baron Sundridge 1782-1892
Duke of Douglas 10 April 1703 Douglas extinct 21 July 1761 created for the Marquess of Douglas
Duke of Atholl 30 June 1703 Murray extant sat in the House of Lords as Earl Strange 1786-1957
Duke of Montrose 24 April 1707 Graham extant sat in the House of Lords as Earl Graham 1782-1963
Duke of Roxburghe 25 April 1707 Ker extant dormant 22 October 1805–11 May 1812; Sat in the House of Lords as Earl Ker 1782-1804 and as Earl Innes 1837-1963

Dukedoms in the Peerage of Great Britain, 1707–1801[edit]

Title Date of Creation Grantee Surname Current Status Notes
Duke of Dover 26 May 1708 James Douglas, Duke of Queensberry Douglas extinct 22 October 1778 also Duke of Queensberry in Scotland
Duke of Kent 28 April 1710 Henry Grey, Marquess of Kent Grey extinct 5 June 1740  
Duke of Brandon 10 September 1711 James Hamilton, Duke of Hamilton Douglas-Hamilton extant also Duke of Hamilton in Scotland
Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven 26 July 1715 Robert Bertie, Marquess of Lindsey Bertie extinct 8 February 1809  
Duke of Kingston-upon-Hull 10 August 1715 Evelyn Pierrepont, Marquess of Dorchester Pierrepont extinct 23 September 1773  
Duke of Newcastle upon Tyne 11 August 1715 Thomas Pelham-Holles, Earl of Clare Pelham-Holles extinct 17 November 1768 also Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyne from 1757
Duke of York and Albany 5 July 1716 Ernest Augustus, Prince-Bishop of Osnabrück none (royal prince) extinct 14 August 1728  
Duke of Portland 6 July 1716 Henry Bentinck, Earl of Portland Bentinck extinct 30 July 1990  
Duke of Wharton 28 January 1718 Philip Wharton, Marquess of Wharton Wharton extinct 31 May 1731  
Duchess of Kendal 19 March 1719 Ehrenbard Melusine von der Schulenburg, Duchess of Munster Schulenburg extinct 10 May 1743 also Duchess of Munster in Ireland, peerage for life only
Duke of Greenwich 27 April 1719 John Campbell, Duke of Argyll Campbell extinct 4 October 1743 also Duke of Argyll in Scotland
Duke of Manchester 28 April 1719 Charles Montagu, Earl of Manchester Montagu extant  
Duke of Chandos 29 April 1719 James Brydges, Earl of Carnarvon Brydges extinct 29 September 1789  
Duke of Dorset[1] 17 June 1720 Lionel Cranfield Sackville, Earl of Dorset Sackville extinct 29 July 1843  
Duke of Bridgewater[1] 18 June 1720 Scroop Egerton, Earl of Bridgewater Egerton extinct 8 March 1803  
Duke of Edinburgh[2] 26 July 1726 Prince Frederick Louis none (royal prince) merged in crown 25 October 1760 also Duke of Cornwall from 1727 to 1751
Duke of Cumberland[2] 27 July 1726 Prince Ernest Augustus none (royal prince) extinct 31 October 1765  
Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyne[3] 17 November 1756 Thomas Pelham-Holles, Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne Pelham-Holles, Pelham-Clinton extinct 25 December 1988 also Duke of Newcastle upon Tyne until 1768
Duke of York and Albany[4] 1 April 1760 Prince Edward Augustus none (royal prince) extinct 17 September 1767  
Duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh[5] 19 November 1764 Prince William Henry none (royal prince) extinct 30 November 1834  
Duke of Northumberland 22 October 1766 Hugh Percy, Earl of Northumberland Percy extant  
Duke of Cumberland and Strathearn 22 October 1766 Prince Henry Frederick none (royal prince) extinct 18 September 1790  
Duke of Montagu 5 November 1766 George Montagu, Earl of Cardigan Montagu extinct 23 May 1790  
Duke of York and Albany[6] 29 November 1784 Prince Frederick Augustus, Prince-Bishop of Osnabrück none (royal prince) extinct 5 January 1827  
Duke of Clarence and St Andrews[7] 20 May 1789 Prince William Henry none (royal prince) merged in crown 26 June 1830  
Duke of Kent and Strathearn[8] 24 April 1799 Prince Edward Augustus none (royal prince) extinct 23 January 1820  
Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale[8] 24 April 1799 Prince Ernest Augustus none (royal prince) suspended 28 March 1919  

Dukedoms in the Peerage of Ireland, 1661–1868[edit]

Title Date of Creation Grantee Surname Current Status Notes
Duke of Ormonde 30 March 1661 James Butler, Marquess of Ormonde Butler extinct 17 December 1758 also Duke of Ormonde in England until 1715; the title was generally considered forfeit after 1715, and the third duke, brother of the attainted second duke, who held the title after 1745, did not use it.
Duke of Leinster 3 March 1691 Lord Meinhardt Schomberg Schomberg extinct 16 July 1719 also Duke of Schomberg in England from 1693
Duchess of Munster 18 July 1716 Ehrengard Melusine von der Schulenburg Schulenberg extinct 10 May 1743 also Duchess of Kendal in Great Britain from 1719
Duke of Leinster[9] 26 November 1766 James FitzGerald, Marquess of Kildare FitzGerald extant sat in the British House of Lords as Viscount Leinster 1747-1999
Duke of Abercorn 10 August 1868 James Hamilton, Marquess of Abercorn Hamilton extant sat in the House of Lords as Marquess of Abercorn 1868-1999

Dukedoms in the Peerage of the United Kingdom, 1801 to present[edit]

Title Date of Creation Grantee Surname Current Status Notes
Duke of Sussex[10] 27 November 1801 The Prince Augustus Frederick none (royal prince) extinct 21 April 1843  
Duke of Cambridge[10] 27 November 1801 The Prince Adolphus none (royal prince) extinct 17 March 1904  
Duke of Wellington[11] 11 May 1814 Arthur Wellesley, Marquess of Wellington Wellesley extant  
Duke of Buckingham and Chandos[12] 4 February 1822 Richard Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville, Marquess of Buckingham Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville extinct 26 March 1889  
Duke of Sutherland[13] 28 January 1833 George Leveson-Gower, Marquess of Stafford Leveson-Gower; Sutherland-Leveson-Gower; Egerton extant  
Duke of Cleveland[13] 29 January 1833 William Vane, Marquess of Cleveland Vane; Powlett extinct 21 August 1891  
Duchess of Inverness[14] 10 April 1840 Cecilia Underwood Underwood extinct 1 August 1873  
Duke of Edinburgh[15] 24 May 1866 The Prince Alfred none (royal prince) extinct 30 July 1900  
Duke of Westminster[16] 27 February 1874 Hugh Grosvenor, Marquess of Westminster Grosvenor extant  
Duke of Connaught and Strathearn[17] 24 May 1874 The Prince Arthur none (royal prince) extinct 26 April 1943  
Duke of Gordon[18] 13 January 1876 Charles Gordon-Lennox, Duke of Richmond Gordon-Lennox extant also Duke of Richmond in England and Duke of Lennox in Scotland
Duke of Albany[19] 24 May 1881 The Prince Leopold none (royal prince) suspended 28 March 1919  
Duke of Fife[20] 29 July 1889 Alexander Duff, Earl of Fife Duff extinct 29 January 1912 Letters Patent contained the standard remainder "heirs male of his body". A re-creation in 1900 allowed the first Duke's daughter to inherit (see below)
Duke of Clarence and Avondale[21] 24 May 1890 Prince Albert Victor of Wales none (royal prince) extinct 14 January 1892  
Duke of Argyll[22] 7 April 1892 George Campbell, Duke of Argyll Campbell extant also Duke of Argyll in Scotland
Duke of York[23] 24 May 1892 Prince George of Wales none (royal prince) merged in crown 6 May 1910 also Duke of Cornwall from 1901
Duke of Fife[24] 24 April 1900 Alexander Duff, Duke of Fife Duff; Carnegie extant  
Duke of York[25] 5 June 1920 The Prince Albert none (royal prince) merged in crown 11 December 1936  
Duke of Gloucester[26] 31 March 1928 The Prince Henry none (royal prince) extant  
Duke of Kent[27] 12 October 1934 The Prince George none (royal prince) extant  
Duke of Windsor[28] 8 March 1937 The Prince Edward none (royal prince) extinct 28 May 1972  
Duke of Edinburgh[29] 20 November 1947 Philip Mountbatten Mountbatten extant  
Duke of York[30] 23 July 1986 The Prince Andrew none (royal prince) extant  
Duke of Cambridge[31] 29 April 2011 Prince William of Wales none (royal prince) extant  

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b The London Gazette: no. 5859. p. 4. 11 June 1720.
  2. ^ a b The London Gazette: no. 6494. p. 1. 12 July 1726.
  3. ^ The London Gazette: no. 9634. p. 2. 9 November 1756.
  4. ^ The London Gazette: no. 9987. p. 1. 29 March 1760.
  5. ^ The London Gazette: no. 10470. p. 1. 13 November 1764.
  6. ^ The London Gazette: no. 12598. p. 2. 23 November 1784.
  7. ^ The London Gazette: no. 13097. p. 377. 16 May 1789.
  8. ^ a b The London Gazette: no. 15126. p. 372. 20 April 1799.
  9. ^ The London Gazette: no. 10676. p. 2. 11 November 1766.
  10. ^ a b The London Gazette: no. 15429. p. 1403. 21 November 1801.
  11. ^ The London Gazette: no. 16894. p. 936. 31 May 1814.
  12. ^ The London Gazette: no. 17781. p. 59. 12 January 1822.
  13. ^ a b The London Gazette: no. 19013. p. 97. 15 January 1833.
  14. ^ The London Gazette: no. 19842. p. 858. 31 March 1840.
  15. ^ The London Gazette: no. 23119. p. 3127. 25 May 1866.
  16. ^ The London Gazette: no. 24068. p. 827. 24 February 1874.
  17. ^ The London Gazette: no. 24098. p. 2779. 26 May 1874.
  18. ^ The London Gazette: no. 24283. p. 99. 11 January 1876.
  19. ^ The London Gazette: no. 24977. p. 2677. 24 May 1881.
  20. ^ The London Gazette: no. 25958. p. 4077. 27 July 1889.
  21. ^ The London Gazette: no. 26055. p. 3019. 24 May 1890.
  22. ^ The London Gazette: no. 26276. p. 2082. 8 April 1892.
  23. ^ The London Gazette: no. 26291. p. 3137. 25 May 1892.
  24. ^ The London Gazette: no. 27186. p. 2605. 24 April 1900.
  25. ^ The London Gazette: no. 31931. p. 6313. 4 June 1920.
  26. ^ The London Gazette: no. 33371. p. 2321. 30 March 1928.
  27. ^ The London Gazette: no. 34094. p. 6365. 9 October 1934.
  28. ^ The London Gazette: no. 34349. p. 8111. 12 December 1936.
  29. ^ The London Gazette: no. 38128. p. 5496. 21 November 1947.
  30. ^ The London Gazette: no. 50606. p. 1. 23 July 1986.
  31. ^ The London Gazette: no. 59798. p. 10297. 1 June 2011.