Duke of Schleswig

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The following list is a list of jarls and dukes, who ruled over Schleswig respectively Southern Jutland (Sønderjylland).

First jarls/dukes[edit]

Picture Reign Name
Oluf hunger.jpg
1080–1095 Olaf I, jarl (earl) of Jutland, since 1086 king of Denmark
Coat of arms of South Jutland.svg
1095–1120 vacant
Knut Lavard.jpg
1120–1131 Canute Lavard (Knud Lavard), titled dux Daciae[1] (i.e. Duke of Denmark)
Magnus1Vreta1.jpg
1131–1134 Magnus
Coat of arms of South Jutland.svg
1134-ca. 1152 vacant
Valdemar 1. den Store.jpg
ca. 1152–1154 Valdemar I the Great (Valdemar 1.), titled dux Daciae[1] (i.e. Duke of Denmark), also king of Denmark
Coat of arms of South Jutland.svg
ca. 1152–1170 vacant
Coat of arms of South Jutland.svg
ca. 1170–1173 Christopher of Jutland (illegitimate son of the precedent), titled dux Iuciae[1] (i.e. Duke of Jutland)
Coat of arms of South Jutland.svg
1173–1183 vacant
Valdemar sejr.jpg
1183–1216 Valdemar II (Valdemar 2.), titled dux slesvicensis[1] (i.e. Sleswickian duke), represented by the regent Bishop Valdemar Knudsen (1182–1193), Valdemar II became Danish king in 1202
Valdemar den Unge 1209-1231.jpg
1209–1216 Valdemar the Young, son of the precedent, minor co-duke, also Danish co-king (1218–1231, d. 1231)
Erik plovpenning cropped.jpg
1216–1232 Eric Valdemarsøn, minor duke, also Danish king as Eric IV (1241–1250)

Years as given here according to Esben Albrectsen.[2]

Abelslægten (1232–1326)[edit]

Portrait Reign Name
Kong abel cropped.jpg
1232–1252 Abel, king of Denmark (1250–52)
Coat of arms of South Jutland.svg
1254–1257 Valdemar III
Erikabelsenssegl.jpg
1260–1272 Eric I
Coat of arms of South Jutland.svg
1272–1283 vacant
Coat of arms of South Jutland.svg
1283–1312 Valdemar IV (Valdemar 4. af Sønderjylland)
Coat of arms of South Jutland.svg
1312–1325 Eric II
Valdemar 3 kongesegl.jpg
1325–1326 Valdemar V, as Valdemar III Danish king

House of Schauenburg (1326–1330)[edit]

Portrait Reign Name
Grevgerhardssegl.jpg
1326–1330 Gerhard I the Great (Gerhard den kullede greve), as Gerhard III, Count of Holstein-Rendsborg

Abelslægten (1330–1375)[edit]

Portrait Reign Name
Valdemar 3 kongesegl.jpg
1330–1364 Valdemar V., as Valdemar III. king of Denmark
Coat of arms of South Jutland.svg
1364–1375 Henry

House of Schauenburg (1375–1459)[edit]

Portrait Reign Name
Seal Heinrich II. (Holstein-Rendsburg) 01.jpg
1375–1381/1384 Henry the Iron (Danish: Henrik Jern) and his brother Nicholas (Danish: Klaus, joint rule)
Seal Nikolaus (Holstein-Rendsburg) 01.jpg
1375–1386 Nicholas and Henry II the Iron in joint rule till 1381/1384
Seal Gerhard VI. (Holstein-Rendsburg) 01.jpg
1386–1404 Gerhard II, Duke of Southern Jutland (Sønderjylland), as Gerhard VI, Count of Holstein-Rendsborg
Coat of arms of South Jutland.svg
1404–1427 Henry III, Count of Holstein-Rendsburg as Henry IV also, as duke under tutelage of the Danish crown until 1414, then the crown disputed his claim to dukedom, he was killed in action warring for his claim
Seal Adolf VIII. (Holstein) 01.jpg
1427/40-1459 Adolf I, also Count of Holstein-Rendsburg as Adolf VIII, younger brother of Henry, Denmark denied his claim to dukedom until 1440
Seal Gerhard VII. (Holstein) 01.jpg
1427–1433 Gerhard III, co-ruler, also Count of Holstein-Rendsburg as Gerhard VII, younger brother of Adolf VIII, during his lifetime, the claim to dukedom remained disputed by the Danish crown

House of Oldenburg (1460–1544)[edit]

Further information: House of Oldenburg
Portrait Reign Name
Christian-I-DenmarkNorwaySweden.JPG
1460–1481 Christian I (Christian 1.)
1455 Johann.JPG
1481–1513 John (Hans), with Frederick I since 1482
ChristianII of denmark.jpg
1513–1523 Christian II (Christian 2.), deposed, died 1559; with Frederick I
Frederik 1-detail.jpg
1490–1533 Frederick I (Frederik 1.), as administrator 1482–1490, thereafter co-ruling
Christian III of Denmark.jpg
1523–1544 Christian III (Christian 3.), with his father till 1533

Co-ruling dukes of the Houses of Oldenburg, Gottorp and Haderslev[edit]

House of Oldenburg (1544–1580)[edit]

Further information: House of Oldenburg

Portrait Reign Name
Christian III of Denmark.jpg
1523–1559 Christian III – with his brothers Adolf and John II
Frederik 2.jpg
1559–1588 Frederick II (Frederik 2.)

House of Schleswig-Holstein-Haderslev[edit]

Further information: Schleswig-Holstein-Haderslev
Portrait Reign Name
Hans den Eldre.JPG
1544–1580 John II the Elder – with his brothers Adolf and Christian, and then the latter's son Frederick.


In 1580 Frederick II and Adolf divided John's share among each other.

House of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorp (1544–1580)[edit]

Further information: House of Holstein-Gottorp

Portrait Reign Name
Adolf I. von Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorf.jpg
1544–1586 Adolf – with his brothers John II and Christian and then the latter's son Danish Frederick II




Co-ruling dukes of the Houses of Oldenburg and of Holstein-Gottorp[edit]

House of Oldenburg (1580–1713)[edit]

Further information: House of Oldenburg
Portrait Reign Name
Frederik 2.jpg


1559–1588


Frederick II (Frederik 2.)





Christian 4 som gammel.jpg

1588–1648

Christian IV (Christian 4.)






Frederik 3 by window.jpg
1648–1670 Frederick III (Frederik 3.)
Christian V of Denmark.jpg
1670–1699 Christian V (Christian 5.)
Frederik den 4.jpg


1699–1730


Frederick IV (Frederik 4.)






In 1713 Frederick IV united all of Schleswig/Sønderjylland in one hand.

House of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorp (after 1580)[edit]

Further information: House of Holstein-Gottorp
Portrait Reign Name
Adolf I. von Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorf.jpg
1544–1586 Adolf
1586–1587 Frederick II
1587–1590 Philip
Johann Adolf von Holstein Gottorp.jpg
1590–1616 John Adolf
Friedrich III Herzog von Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorf.jpg
1616–1659 Frederick III
Christian Albrecht.jpg
1659–1694 Christian Albert
Friedrich IV. Gottorf.jpg
1694–1702 Frederick IV
1700 Karl Friedrich.JPG
1702–1713 Charles Frederick
In 1713 Frederick IV, being as King of Denmark also the liege lord of Schleswig, deposed Charles Frederick as co-ruling Duke of Schleswig. Frederick IV of Denmark and Norway continued as the sole Duke of Schleswig.

House of Oldenburg (1713–1863)[edit]

Further information: House of Oldenburg
Portrait Reign Name
Frederik den 4.jpg
1699–1730 Frederick IV (Frederik 4.)
Christian 6.jpg
1730–1746 Christian VI (Christian 6.)
1723 Frederik.JPG
1746–1766 Frederick V (Frederik 5.)
1749 Christian VII.JPG
1766–1808 Christian VII (Christian 7.)
Fiedrichvidenmark.jpg
1808–1839 Frederick VI (Frederik 6.)
1786 Christian VIII.jpg
1839–1848 Christian VIII (Christian 8.)
Frederik VII af August Schiøtt.jpg
1848–1863 Frederick VII (Frederik 7.)

House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg (1863–1865)[edit]

Portrait Reign Name
1818 Christian-05.jpg
1863–1864/65 Christian IX of Denmark
rivalled by duke Frederick VIII, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein
In 1864, following the Second Schleswig War, the Duchy of Schleswig became an occupied territory of the German Confederation and two years later, following the Austro-Prussian War, part of the new Prussian Province of Schleswig-Holstein.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Esben Albrectsen, "Das Abel-Geschlecht und die Schauenburger als Herzöge von Schleswig", Marion Hartwig and Frauke Witte (trls.), in: Die Fürsten des Landes: Herzöge und Grafen von Schleswig, Holstein und Lauenburg [De slevigske hertuger; German], Carsten Porskrog Rasmussen (ed.) on behalf of the Gesellschaft für Schleswig-Holsteinische Geschichte, Neumünster: Wachholtz, 2008, pp. 52–71, here p. 52. ISBN 978-3-529-02606-5
  2. ^ Esben Albrectsen, "Das Abel-Geschlecht und die Schauenburger als Herzöge von Schleswig", Marion Hartwig and Frauke Witte (trls.), in: Die Fürsten des Landes: Herzöge und Grafen von Schleswig, Holstein und Lauenburg [De slevigske hertuger; German], Carsten Porskrog Rasmussen (ed.) on behalf of the Gesellschaft für Schleswig-Holsteinische Geschichte, Neumünster: Wachholtz, 2008, pp. 52–71, here p. 71. ISBN 978-3-529-02606-5