List of earthquakes in China

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This is a list of earthquakes in China:

Date Article Epicenter Magnitude Deaths Description
September 27, 1290 1290 Chihli earthquake[1] 41°30′N 119°18′E / 41.5°N 119.3°E / 41.5; 119.3 Ningcheng County, Inner Mongolia 6.8 Ms ~100,000
September 25, 1303 1303 Shanxi earthquake[2] No data
Shanxi
8.0 ML 200,000+ Taiyuan and Pingyang were leveled.
January 23, 1556 1556 Shaanxi earthquake 34°30′N 109°18′E / 34.50°N 109.30°E / 34.50; 109.30
Shaanxi
8.0 MW 800,000+ Deadliest of all time.
July 25, 1668 1668 TanCheng earthquake 34°18′N 118°36′E / 34.30°N 118.60°E / 34.30; 118.60
Tancheng County, Shandong
8.0 MW 50,000+ More than 50,000 people died during this earthquake..
June 1, 1786 1786 Kangding-Luding earthquake[3][4] No data
Sichuan
7.75 ML 100,000+ The earthquake triggered a landslide that formed an artificial mud dam which blocked the Dadu River. Ten days later, this dam was breached resulting in a catastrophic mudslide flooding estimated to have taken the lives of over 100,000 people.
July 1, 1879 1879 Gansu earthquake 33°12′N 104°42′E / 33.2°N 104.7°E / 33.2; 104.7
Gansu
8.0 Ms 22,000
December 16, 1920 1920 Haiyuan earthquake 36°30′N 105°42′E / 36.50°N 105.70°E / 36.50; 105.70
Haiyuan County, Ningxia
7.8 ML 234,117 4th deadliest earthquake of all time.
March 16, 1925 1925 Dali earthquake 25°42′N 100°24′E / 25.7°N 100.4°E / 25.7; 100.4
Dali, Yunnan
7.0 Ms 5,000
May 22, 1927 1927 Gulang earthquake 37°23′N 102°19′E / 37.39°N 102.31°E / 37.39; 102.31 Gulang County, Gansu 7.6 Mw 40,900
August 10, 1931 1931 Fuyun earthquake[5] 47°06′N 89°48′E / 47.1°N 89.8°E / 47.1; 89.8 Fuyun County, Xinjiang 8.0 Mw Unknown
December 25, 1932 1932 Changma earthquake 39°42′N 96°42′E / 39.7°N 96.7°E / 39.7; 96.7 7.6 Ms 275
August 25, 1933 1933 Diexi earthquake 32°00′N 103°42′E / 32.0°N 103.7°E / 32.0; 103.7
Mao County, Sichuan
7.5 MS 9,000
August 15, 1950 1950 Assam – Tibet earthquake[6] Rima, Zayü County, Tibet 8.6 1,526
No data 1955 Kangding earthquake No data No data
September 23, 1955 1955 Yuzha earthquake 6.8 MS 728
March 8, 1966 1966 Xingtai earthquake[7] 37°04′N 114°29′E / 37.067°N 114.483°E / 37.067; 114.483 Xingtai, Hebei 7.2 8,064
January 4, 1970 1970 Tonghai earthquake No data
Tonghai County, Yunnan
7.3 MS 15,621
February 6, 1973 1973 Luhuo earthquake 7.5 MS [8] 2,175
May 10, 1974 1974 Zhaotong earthquake 28°12′N 104°00′E / 28.2°N 104.0°E / 28.2; 104.0
Zhaotong, Yunnan
6.8 20,000[9]
February 4, 1975 1975 Haicheng earthquake No data
Haicheng, Liaoning
7.3 MS 1,328 Many lives were saved as a result of evacuations ordered by seismologists who predicted the quake the day before.
July 28, 1976 1976 Tangshan earthquake No data
Tangshan, Hebei
7.5 MW 242,419 3rd deadliest earthquake of all time.
August 16, 1976 1976 Songpan-Pingwu earthquake No data
Sichuan
7.2 MS 41
February 14, 1980 1980 Yecheng, Xinjiang earthquake 36°24′N 76°54′E / 36.4°N 76.9°E / 36.4; 76.9 6.0 MB unknown
January 23, 1981 1981 Dawu earthquake 30°56′N 101°06′E / 30.93°N 101.10°E / 30.93; 101.10 6.8 ML 150+
February 3, 1996 1996 Lijiang earthquake No data
Lijiang, Yunnan
7.0 MS 200
November 14, 2001 2001 Kunlun earthquake 36°07′N 90°32′E / 36.12°N 90.54°E / 36.12; 90.54
Qinghai
7.8 MW None
February 24, 2003 2003 Bachu earthquake 39°37′N 77°14′E / 39.61°N 77.24°E / 39.61; 77.24
Maralbexi (Bachu) County, Xinjiang
6.3 MW 261
November 26, 2005 2005 Ruichang earthquake 29°39′25″N 115°43′01″E / 29.657°N 115.717°E / 29.657; 115.717
Ruichang, Jiangxi
5.2 to 5.7 MS 14
July 22, 2006 2006 Yanjin earthquake 27°59′31″N 104°12′54″E / 27.992°N 104.215°E / 27.992; 104.215
Yunnan
5.2 MW 19 Damaged local railroad tracks including Neijiang-Kunming line.
May 12, 2008 2008 Sichuan earthquake 31°01′16″N 103°22′01″E / 31.021°N 103.367°E / 31.021; 103.367
Wenchuan County, Sichuan
7.9 MW 68,712 The deadliest earthquake in China since the 1976 Tangshan earthquake and the strongest since the 1950 Chayu earthquake. The prefecture-level divisions of Mianyang, Ngawa, Deyang, Guangyuan, and Chengdu suffered the most loss of lives. Most of the buildings that collapsed were in rural areas and did not adhere to building codes. At least 4.8 million people were rendered homeless. All highways into Wenchuan, the epicentre, were damaged by the quake, delaying the arrival of relief troops.
August 30, 2008 2008 Panzhihua earthquake 26°12′N 101°54′E / 26.2°N 101.9°E / 26.2; 101.9
Sichuan
5.7 MW 41
August 19 to September 3, 2008 2008 Yingjiang earthquakes 24°54′N 97°48′E / 24.9°N 97.8°E / 24.9; 97.8
Yunnan
4.1 to 5.9 MS 5
January 25, 2009 2009 Xinjiang earthquake 43°18′N 80°54′E / 43.3°N 80.9°E / 43.3; 80.9
Xinjiang
5.0 MW None
April 14, 2010 2010 Yushu earthquake 33°18′N 96°42′E / 33.3°N 96.7°E / 33.3; 96.7
Yushu, Qinghai
6.9 MW 2,698
March 10, 2011 2011 Yunnan earthquake 24°42′36″N 97°59′38″E / 24.710°N 97.994°E / 24.710; 97.994
Yingjiang County, Yunnan
5.4 MW 26
May 28, 2012 2012 Tangshan earthquake No data
Hebei
4.8.Mw 0?
June 30, 2012 2012 Xinjiang earthquake 43°34′N 84°45′E / 43.56°N 84.75°E / 43.56; 84.75
Xinjiang
6.3 Mw 0?
September 7, 2012 2012 Yunnan earthquakes 27°34′55″N 103°59′24″E / 27.582°N 103.990°E / 27.582; 103.990
Yiliang County, Zhaotong, Yunnan
5.6 Mw 81+
March 3, 2013 2013 Yunnan earthquakes 25°55′08″N 99°43′30″E / 25.919°N 99.725°E / 25.919; 99.725
Dali, Yunnan
5.5 Mw 0 There were 30 injuries, out of which three people were severely injured. 2500 houses were damaged and 700 houses collapsed.
April 20, 2013 2013 Ya'an earthquake 30°17′02″N 102°57′22″E / 30.284°N 102.956°E / 30.284; 102.956
Lushan County, Sichuan
6.9 261[10]
August 31, 2013 2013 Yunnan earthquake 28°13′12″N 99°20′35″E / 28.220°N 99.343°E / 28.220; 99.343
Deqen, Yunnan
5.8 Mw 5 According to the China Earthquake Information Center five people died and 17 were injured in Shangri-La and Deqen counties. The quake destroyed 600 and damaged 55500 residential units, more than 9000 residents were forced to relocate.
May 24, 2014 2014 Yingjiang earthquake 25°00′N 97°48′E / 25.0°N 97.8°E / 25.0; 97.8
Yingjiang County, Yunnan Province
5.6 Mw 0 9,412 homes were destroyed and more than 8,000 people were evacuated.[11]
August 3, 2014 2014 Ludian earthquake 27°14′42″N 103°25′37″E / 27.245°N 103.427°E / 27.245; 103.427
Ludian County, Yunnan Province
6.1 Mw 367 A further 1881 people were injured.[12]


See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ NGDC. "Comments for the Significant Earthquake". Retrieved October 29, 2010. 
  2. ^ Ruins of Earthquakes Virtual Museum
  3. ^ Schuster, R.L. and G. F. Wieczorek, "Landslide triggers and types" in Landslides: Proceedings of the First European Conference on Landslides 2002 A.A. Balkema Publishers. p.66 [1]
  4. ^ "The 1786 earthquake-triggered landslide dam and subsequent dam-break flood on the Dadu River, southwestern China". Retrieved October 9, 2009. 
  5. ^ Magnitude 8 and Greater Earthquakes Since 1900 by USGS.gov. Retrieved June 7, 2013.
  6. ^ "10 Greatest Earthquakes in China in 20th Century". Ningxia Daily website (in Chinese). May 15, 2008. Retrieved June 2, 2008. 
  7. ^ Major earthquakes on Chinese mainland since 1966. Website of the Consulate General of the People's Republic of China in Houston, USA
  8. ^ Zhou, H.; Allen, C. R.; Kanamori, H. (1983). "Rupture complexity of the 1970 Tonghai and 1973 Luhuo earthquakes, China, from P-wave inversion, and relationship to surface faulting". Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America (Seismological Society of America) 73 (4): 1585–1597. 
  9. ^ http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/world/world_deaths.php
  10. ^ "Quake kills at least 157, injures more than 5,700 in China". NBC News. Retrieved 20 April 2013. 
  11. ^ "12 injured in SW China quake". Shanghai Daily. Retrieved 24 May 2014. 
  12. ^ "Magnitude-6.1 earthquake hits China’s Yunnan province, at least 367 dead". news.com.au. 4 August 2014. Retrieved 4 August 2014.