List of emirs of Kuwait

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Emir of the
State of Kuwait
Coat of Arms of Kuwait-2.svg
Arms of His Highness the Emir of the
State of Kuwait

Sheikh Sabah IV.jpg
His Highness the 15th Ruler and 5th Emir Sheikh Sabah IV

Style His Highness
Heir apparent His Highness, the Crown Prince, Sheikh Nawaf Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah
First monarch His Highness the 1st Ruler Sheikh Sabah I bin Jaber
Formation 1718

Coat of Arms of Kuwait-2.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of

This is a list of the emirs of Kuwait. Emirs (also transliterated as amir, aamir or ameer) are the rulers of Kuwait. The House of Al-Sabah dynasty came to partial power in 1718, before which date the Bani Khalid tribe ruled the region.

List of monarchs of Kuwait (1718–Present)[edit]

Monarch Rulers of Kuwait (1718–1961)[edit]

Name Reign Remarks
From Until
His Highness the 1st Ruler Sheikh Sabah I bin Jaber 1718 1762
His Highness the 2nd Ruler Sheikh Abdullah I Al-Sabah 1762 3 May 1814
His Highness the 3rd Ruler Sheikh Jaber I Al-Sabah 1814 1859
His Highness the 4th Ruler Sheikh Sabah II Al-Sabah 1859 November 1866
His Highness the 5th Ruler Sheikh Abdullah II Al-Sabah November 1866 May 1892 His Highness Sheikh Abdullah was very fund of the House of Khalifa; the ruling family of Bahrain and cousins of the House of Sabah.[1] His Highness Sheikh Abdullah would always be seen supporting the differences of opinion between Sheikh Mohammed and Sheikh Ali regarding the ruling of the Kingdom of Bahrain.[2]His Highness Sheikh Abdullah granted asylum to Prince Abdullah bin Faisal bin Turki Al-Saud of the House of Saud and his followers who took refuge in Kuwait due to a dispute over the rule of the Emirate of Nejd; today's Saudi Arabia; with his brother Prince Saud bin Faisal bin Turki;[3] a dispute that lead to many wars between the two brothers. Prince Abdullah bin Faisal resided in Kuwait and was treated with full esteem, honor and grace.[4]
His Highness the 6th Ruler Sheikh Muhammad I Al-Sabah May 1892 17 May 1896 Assassinated
His Highness the 7th Ruler Sheikh Mubarak Al-Sabah, "the Great" 18 May 1896 28 November 1915
His Highness the 8th Ruler Sheikh Jaber II Al-Sabah 28 November 1915 5 February 1917
His Highness the 9th Ruler Sheikh Salim I Al-Mubarak Al-Sabah 5 February 1917 22 February 1921
His Highness the 10th Ruler Sheikh Ahmad I Al-Jaber Al-Sabah 22 February 1921 29 January 1950
His Highness the 11th Ruler and 1st Emir Sheikh Abdullah III Al-Salim Al-Sabah 29 January 1950 19 June 1961 Designated 1st Emir

Monarch Ruler Emirs of Kuwait (1961–Present)[edit]

Name Image Reign Remarks
From Until
His Highness the 11th Ruler and 1st Emir Abdullah III Al-Salim Al-Sabah Coat of Arms of Kuwait-2.svg 19 June 1961 24 November 1965 Designated as 1st Emir
His Highness the 12th Ruler and 2nd Emir Sabah III Al-Salim Al-Sabah Sabah III Al-Salim Al-Sabah.jpg 24 November 1965 31 December 1977
His Highness the 13th Ruler and 3rd Emir Sheikh Jaber III Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah Jabir al-Ahmad al-Jabir Al Sabah 1998.jpg 31 December 1977 15 January 2006 Lead the Kuwaiti Government in exile from Saudi Arabia during the First Gulf War.[5] Provided financial support to all Kuwaiti families deposed in foreign countries. Al-Sabah and his Government lobbied extensively for military support during the First Gulf War to relieve the people of Kuwait that could not leave, specially women and children. Received support from a United Nations mandated coalition led by the United States.[6]
His Highness the 14th Ruler and 4th Emir Sheikh Saad I Al-Abdullah Al-Salim Al-Sabah Coat of Arms of Kuwait-2.svg 15 January 2006 24 January 2006 Deposed by the National Assembly and abdicated simultaneously due to illness; died on 13 May 2008
His Highness the 15th Ruler and 5th Emir Sheikh Sabah IV Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah Sheikh Sabah IV.jpg 29 January 2006 Present


Succession to the throne of Kuwait is limited to the descendants of Mubarak Al-Sabah. The reigning Emir must appoint an heir apparent within one year of his accession to the throne; the nomination must also be approved by the majority of members of the National Assembly. The Heir Apparent has to be at least thirty years of age on the date of his royal proclamation, of sound mind and the legitimate son of Muslim parents. The position of Emir is also traditionally alternated between the two main branches of the Al-Sabah family, the Al-Ahmad and Al-Salim branches.

The current Emir Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah (of the Al-Ahmad branch) had appointed his half-brother Nawaf Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah Crown Prince and their half-nephew Nasser Al-Mohammed Al-Ahmed Al-Sabah (who both come from the same branch) prime minister, in a move which broke with tradition.

In the meantime the situation has changed because other offsprings have been posted to the most important Ministries leading them to champion the merited leadership of the State of Kuwait.

The elder of the three brothers H.H.Sheikh Abdallah II Sabah II Al-Jaber I Al-Sabah; the 5th monarch Ruler of Kuwait; paralleled descendants who served the Al-Sabah dynasty and Kuwait with high distinction and made the ultimate sacrifice going above and beyond.[7] Among them is martyred monarch shahid Cavalry Commander H.E.Sheikh Jaber Abdullah II Al-Sabah II Al-Sabah (b.1860–d.1920)  and the descendants of his son H.E.Sheikh Abdullah Jaber Al-Abdullah II Al-Sabah (b.1898–d.1996) (WIA); a contemporary of seven Rulers and Ruler Emirs.[7]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ [1], Kuwaiti History,(Section Arabic Read)
  2. ^ [2], Kuwaiti History,(Section Arabic Read)
  3. ^ [3], Kuwaiti History,(Section Arabic Read)
  4. ^ [4], Kuwaiti History,(Section Arabic Read)
  5. ^ [5], Kuwaiti Ministry of Defense,(Section Arabic Read الجيش الكويتي)
  6. ^ [6], Kuwaiti Ministry of Defense,(Section Arabic Read الجيش الكويتي)
  7. ^ a b [7], Kuwaiti Ministry of Defense,(Section Arabic Read الجيش الكويتي)

External links[edit]