List of emirs of Kuwait
|Emir of the
State of Kuwait
|Heir apparent||The Crown Prince Nawaf Al-Sabah|
|First monarch||1st Ruler Sabah I bin Jaber|
|This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
List of Kuwait's rulers
|Sabah I bin Jaber||1716||1762|
|Abdullah I Al-Sabah||1762||3 May 1814|
|Jaber I Al-Sabah||1814||1859|
|Sabah II Al-Sabah||1859||November 1866|
|Abdullah II Al-Sabah||November 1866||May 1892|
|Muhammad I Al-Sabah||May 1892||17 May 1896||Assassinated|
|Mubarak Al-Sabah, "the Great"||18 May 1896||28 November 1915|
|Jaber II Al-Sabah||28 November 1915||5 February 1917|
|Salim I Al-Mubarak Al-Sabah||5 February 1917||22 February 1921|
|Ahmad I Al-Jaber Al-Sabah||22 February 1921||29 January 1950|
|1st Emir Abdullah Al-Salim Al-Sabah||19 June 1961||24 November 1965||Designated as 1st Emir|
|2nd Emir Sabah Al-Salim Al-Sabah||24 November 1965||31 December 1977|
|3rd Emir Jaber Al-Ahmad Al-Sabah||31 December 1977||15 January 2006|
|4th Emir Saad Al-Salim Al-Sabah||15 January 2006||24 January 2006||Deposed by the National Assembly and abdicated simultaneously due to illness; died on 13 May 2008|
|5th Emir Sabah Al-Sabah||29 January 2006||Present|
Succession to the throne of Kuwait is limited to the descendants of Mubarak Al-Sabah. The reigning emir must appoint an heir apparent within one year of his accession to the throne; the nomination needs approval by the majority of members of the National Assembly parliament. If the new crown prince fails to win approval from the National Assembly, the Emir submits the names of three eligible members of the family to the National Assembly, and the National Assembly selects one to be the crown prince.
The Crown Prince has to be a senior member of the Al-Sabah family. The position of Emir is also traditionally alternated between the two main branches of the Al-Sabah family, the Al-Ahmed and Al-Salem branches. The Prime Minister is appointed by the Emir, the appointment of the prime minister requires approval from the majority of members of the National Assembly parliament.
The elder of the three brothers, Abdullah II Al-Sabah, paralleled descendants that served the Al-Sabah dynasty and the will of the Emir of Kuwait. The martyr Sheikh Jaber Abdullah II Al-Sabah (b.1860–d.1920) was killed in the Battle of Jahra. Sheikh Abdullah Jaber Al-Abdullah II Al-Sabah (b.1898–d.1996) is considered a pioneer in the establishment of Kuwait, was the first Minister of Education of Kuwait and outlived seven Emirs. Sheikh Ali Khalifa Al-Abdullah II Al-Sabah was the first director of the Kuwait Public Security Force.
The National Assembly
The National Assembly (per article 4 of the Constitution) has the constitutional right to approve and disapprove of an Emir's appointment, therefore the National Assembly has the authority to remove an Emir from his post. The National Assembly effectively removed Saad al-Sabah from his post in 2006 because of Saad's inability to rule due to illness. Kuwait's National Assembly is the most independent parliament in the Arab world, it ranks highly in comparison to other parliaments in the Middle East as a whole.
The appointment of a crown prince requires approval by an absolute majority of the members of the National Assembly parliament. If the new crown prince fails to win approval from the National Assembly, the Emir submits the names of three eligible members of the family to the National Assembly, and the National Assembly selects one to be the crown prince.
-  Sheikh Abdullah Jaber Al-Abdullah II Al-Sabah (b.1898-d.1996)
- , Official Documented Biography & Accomplishments of Sheikh Abdullah Jaber Al-Abdullah II Al-Sabah
- , Knights of the Kuwait Armed Forces,(Section Arabic Read)
- Nathan J. Brown. "Mechanisms of accountability in Arab governance: The present and future of judiciaries and parliaments in the Arab world". p. 16-18.
- Eran Segal. "Kuwait Parliamentary Elections: Women Making History". Tel Aviv Notes. p. 1.