List of emirs of Kuwait

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Emir of Kuwait
Coat of arms of Kuwait.svg


Style His Highness
Heir apparent The Crown Prince Nawaf Al-Sabah
First monarch Sabah I bin Jaber
Formation 1716
Coat of arms of Kuwait.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Kuwait

This is a list of the emirs of Kuwait. The Emir (also transliterated as amir, aamir or ameer) is the ruler of Kuwait.

Rules and traditions of succession[edit]

Succession to the throne of Kuwait is limited to the descendants of Mubarak Al-Sabah. The position of Emir is also traditionally alternated between the two main branches of the Al-Sabah family, the Al-Ahmed and Al-Salem branches. The reigning emir must appoint an heir apparent within one year of his accession to the throne; the nominee for consideration as Crown Prince has to be a senior member of the Al-Sabah family. The nomination needs approval by an absolute majority of members of the National Assembly, Kuwait's parliament. If the nominee fails to win approval from the National Assembly, the Emir submits the names of three eligible members of the family to the National Assembly, and the National Assembly selects one to be the crown prince.

The Prime Minister is appointed by the Emir; however the appointment of the prime minister requires approval from the majority of members of the National Assembly.

The National Assembly[edit]

The National Assembly (per article 4 of the Constitution) has the constitutional right to approve and disapprove of an Emir's appointment, therefore the National Assembly has the authority to remove an Emir from his post. The National Assembly effectively removed Saad al-Sabah from his post in 2006 because of Saad's inability to rule due to illness. Kuwait's National Assembly is the most independent parliament in the Arab world,[1] it ranks highly in comparison to other parliaments in the Middle East as a whole.[2]


Timeline of Kuwait's leadership (1716-present)[edit]

Name Image Birth-Death Title Reign Note
Sabah I Al-Jaber Al-Sabah 1652-1764 His Highness the 1st Monarch Ruler of Kuwait 1716-1762 Was a lead Cavalry Commander amongst the tribes of Arabia in the Arabian Peninsula prior to the discovery of oil.
Abdullah I Sabah I Al-Sabah 1740-1814 His Highness the 2nd Monarch Ruler of Kuwait 1763-1813 Was a lead Cavalry Commander amongst the tribes of Arabia in the Arabian Peninsula prior to the discovery of oil.
Jaber II Al-Abdullah II Al-Sabah 1770-1859 His Highness the 3rd Monarch Ruler of Kuwait 1813-1859 Was a lead Cavalry Commander amongst the tribes of Arabia in the Arabian Peninsula prior to the discovery of oil.
Sabah II Al-Jaber II Al-Sabah 1784/1810(disputed)-1866 His Highness the 4th Monarch Ruler of Kuwait 1859-1866 Was a lead Cavalry Commander amongst the tribes of Arabia in the Arabian Peninsula prior to the discovery of oil and fathered three rulers.
Abdullah II Al-Sabah II Al-Sabah 1814-1893 His Highness the 5th Monarch Ruler of Kuwait 1866-1893 Was a lead Cavalry Commander amongst the tribes of Arabia in the Military of Kuwait prior to the discovery of oil in the Arabian Peninsula.
Muhammed Al-Sabah II Al-Sabah 1838-1896 His Highness the 6th Monarch Ruler of Kuwait 1893-1896 Was lead Cavalry Commmander amongst the tribes of Arabia in the Military of Kuwait prior to the discovery of oil in the Arabian Peninsula
Mubarak Al-Sabah II Al-Sabah Mubarak Al-Sabah of Kuwait.jpg 1839-1915 His Highness the 7th Monarch Ruler of Kuwait 1896-1915 Known as "The Great"
Was a lead Cavalry Commander in the Military of Kuwait prior to the discovery of oil.
Jaber II Al-Mubarak Al-Sabah 1860-1917 His Highness the 8th Monarch Ruler of Kuwait 1915-1917 Was a lead Cavalry Commander amongst the tribes of Arabia in the Arabian Peninsula prior to the discovery of oil.
Salem Al-Mubarak Al-Sabah 1864-1921 His Highness the 9th Monarch Ruler of Kuwait 1917-1921 Was a lead Cavalry Commander in the Military of Kuwait prior to the discovery of oil and led the cavalry and infantry during the Battle of Hamdh.
Led the infantry and cavalry from within and outside the Kuwait Red Fort during the Battle of Jahra.
Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah أحمد الجابر الصباح.jpg 1885-1950 His Highness the 10th Monarch Ruler of Kuwait 1921-1950 Was a lead Cavalry Commander in the Military of Kuwait prior the discovery of oil.
Led the cavalry and infantry during the Battle of Hamdh and the Battle of Jahra; and was the leader during the Battle of Al-Regeai. Founder of the Kuwait Public Security Force and early stages of the Military of Kuwait.[3]
Abdullah Salem Al-Mubarak Al-Sabah 1895-1965 His Highness the 11th Ruler, 1st Emir of Kuwait and Commander-in-chief of the Military of Kuwait 1950-1965 Political leader during Operation Vantage, invoked Section 4 of the independence agreement to request British military intervention. Introduced the Constitution of Kuwait in 1962. Introduced the parliament in 1963.
Sabah Salem Al-Mubarak Al-Sabah Sabah III Al-Salim Al-Sabah.jpg 1913-1977 His Highness the 12th Ruler, 2nd Emir of Kuwait and Commander-in-chief of the Military of Kuwait 1965-1977 1st Minister of Foreign Affairs and political leader during the Six Day War (1967), the War of Attrition (1967-1970), the Kuwait–Iraq 1973 Sanita border skirmish and the October War (1973)
Jaber Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah Jabir al-Ahmad al-Jabir Al Sabah 1998.jpg 1926-2006 His Highness the 13th Ruler, 3rd Emir of Kuwait and Commander-in-chief of the Military of Kuwait 1977-2006 1st Prime Minister of Kuwait and political leader during the Iran-Iraq War, the Invasion of Kuwait and the Gulf War.
Saad Abdullah Al-Salem Al-Sabah 1930-2008 His Highness the 14th Ruler, 4th Emir of Kuwait and Commander-in-chief of the Military of Kuwait 15-24 January 2006 1st Minister of Interior and 2nd Minister of Defense. Defense leader during the Six Day War (1967), the War of Attrition (1967-1970), the Kuwait–Iraq 1973 Sanita border skirmish, the October War and the Iran-Iraq War.[4]
Military governor and second political leader during the Invasion of Kuwait and Gulf War. Deposed by the National Assembly and abdicated simultaneously due to illness; died on 13 May 2008
Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah[5][6] Sheikh Sabah IV.jpg 1929– His Highness the 15th Ruler, 5th Emir of Kuwait and Commander-in-chief of the Military of Kuwait 2006- 2nd Minister of Foreign Affairs (1963-2003) and 2nd Minister of Interior (1963-1978).
Prime Minister (2003-2006)[7]
Honored and decorated by the United Nations for his leading and exemplary humanitarian work with respect to Syrian and Iraqi refugees on September 9, 2014 [8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nathan J. Brown. "Mechanisms of accountability in Arab governance: The present and future of judiciaries and parliaments in the Arab world". pp. 16–18. 
  2. ^ Eran Segal. "Kuwait Parliamentary Elections: Women Making History". Tel Aviv Notes. p. 1. 
  3. ^ [1] Kuwait National Guard Archives, Award Medal Ceremony in presence of British Officials on February 1944 for His Highness Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah from the British Raj (British Government of India) near the Kuwait Public Security Force Directorate
  4. ^ بالصور والفيديو.. ماذا قدم العرب لمصر في حرب أكتوبر (in Arabic). Retrieved 15 January 2015. 
  5. ^ [2], Honoring Kuwait 2014, Kuwait News Agency (KUNA), Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah...A Humanitarian Leader; Section on " His Highness the Amir...His Biography & His Journey", Page 42-43; Retrieved December 17th, 2014
  6. ^ "United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon's Statements". un.org. Archived from the original on 16 September 2014. Retrieved 16 September 2014. 
  7. ^ [3], Honoring Kuwait 2014, Kuwait News Agency (KUNA), Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah...A Humanitarian Leader; Section on " His Highness the Amir...His Biography & His Journey", Page 42-43; Retrieved December 17th, 2014
  8. ^ "Secretary-General's remarks at ceremony recognizing the humanitarian leadership of His Highness Sheikh Sabah Al Ahmad Al Jaber Al Sabah, Amir of Kuwait". un.org. Archived from the original on 16 September 2014. Retrieved 16 September 2014. 

External links[edit]