List of emperors of the Liao dynasty

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The Liao Dynasty, also known as the Khitan Empire, was an empire in East Asia that at its height ruled over what is now Shanxi, Hebei, Liaoning, Jilin, Heilongjiang, and Inner Mongolia provinces in China, as well as portions of the Korean peninsula, portions of the Russian Far East, and much of the country of Mongolia.[1][2]

There were nine emperors of the Liao Dynasty, which at its height ruled over an area composing modern day Mongolia and northern China for over two hundred years. The emperors of the Liao Dynasty were Khitans from Yelü clan.

Liao Dynasty 907-1125
Temple Names (Miao Hao 廟號 miàohào) Posthumous Names (Shi Hao 諡號 shìhào) Birth Names Period of Reigns Era Names (Nian Hao 年號 niánhào) and their according range of years
Convention: "Liao" + temple name except Liao Tianzuodi who is referred using "Liao" + posthumous name
Taizu (太祖 Tàizǔ) Shen Tian Huangdi Yelü Abaoji (耶律阿保機 Yēlǜ Ābǎojī) 907-926 Shence (神冊 Shéncè) 916-922[3]
Tianzan (天贊 Tiānzàn) 922-926[4]
Taizong (太宗 Tàizōng) Xiao Wu Huangdi Yelü Deguang (耶律德光 Yēlǜ Déguāng) 926-947 Tianxian (天顯 Tiānxiǎn) 926-937[5]
Huitong (會同 Huìtóng) 937-947[6]
Datong (大同 Dàtóng) 947[7]
Shizong (世宗 Shìzōng) Tian Shou Huangdi Yelü Ruan (耶律阮 Yēlǜ Ruǎn) 947-951 Tianlu (天祿 Tiānlù) 947-951[8]
Muzong (穆宗 Mùzōng) Yelü Jing (耶律璟 Yēlǜ Jǐng) 951-969 Yingli (應曆 Yìnglì) 951-969[9]
Jingzong (景宗 Jǐngzōng) Yelü Xian (耶律賢 Yēlǜ Xián) 969-982 Baoning (保寧 Bǎoníng) 969-979[10]
Qianheng (乾亨 Qiánhēng) 979-982[11]
Shengzong (聖宗 Shèngzōng) Wen Wu Da Xiao Xuan Huangdi Yelü Longxu (耶律隆緒 Yēlǜ Lóngxù) 982-1031 Qianheng (乾亨 Qiánhēng) 982[11]
Tonghe (統和 Tǒnghé) 983-1012[12]
Kaitai (開泰 Kāitài) 1012-1021[13]
Taiping (太平 Tàipíng) 1021-1031[14]
Xingzong (興宗 Xīngzōng) Xiao Zheng Huangdi Yelü Zongzhen (耶律宗真 Yēlǜ Zōngzhēn) 1031–1055 Jingfu (景福 Jǐngfú) 1031-1032[15]
Chongxi (重熙 Chóngxī) 1032-1055[16]
Daozong (道宗 Dàozōng) Yelü Hongji (耶律洪基 Yēlǜ Hóngjī) 1055–1101 Qingning (清寧 Qīngníng) 1055-1064[17]
Xianyong (咸雍 Xiányōng) 1065-1074[18]
Taikang (太康 Tàikāng) or Dakang (大康 Dàkāng) 1075-1084[19]
Da'an (大安 Dà'ān) 1085-1094[20]
Shouchang (壽昌 Shòuchāng) or Shoulong (壽隆 Shòulóng) 1095-1101[21]
Tianzuodi (天祚帝 Tiānzuòdì) Yelü Yanxi (耶律延禧 Yēlǜ Yánxǐ) 1101–1125 Qiantong (乾統 Qiántǒng) 1101-1110[22]
Tianqing (天慶 Tiānqìng) 1111-1120[23]
Baoda (保大 Bǎodà) 1121-1125[24]

Family tree[edit]

 
 
Emperor Taizu
1st emperor
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Yelü Bei
(耶律倍)
 
Emperor Taizong
2nd emperor
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Emperor Shizong
3rd emperor
 
Emperor Muzong
4th emperor
 
 
 
Emperor Jingzong
5th emperor
 
 
 
Emperor Shengzong
6th emperor
 
 
 
Emperor Xingzong
7th emperor
 
 
 
Emperor Daozong
8th emperor
 
 
 
Yelü Jun
(耶律濬)
 
 
 
Emperor Tianzuo
9th emperor

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Steinhardt (1994), 5.
  2. ^ Mote (1999), 58.
  3. ^ Bo (1977) 842-845.
  4. ^ Bo (1977), pp. 845-849.
  5. ^ Bo (1977), pp. 849-856.
  6. ^ Bo (1977), pp. 856-863.
  7. ^ Bo (1977), p. 863.
  8. ^ Bo (1977), pp. 863-867.
  9. ^ Bo (1977), pp. 867-879.
  10. ^ Bo (1977), pp. 879-882.
  11. ^ a b Bo (1977), pp. 882-883.
  12. ^ Bo (1977), pp. 883-893.
  13. ^ Bo (1977), pp. 893-895.
  14. ^ Bo (1977), pp. 895-896.
  15. ^ Bo (1977), p. 896.
  16. ^ Bo (1977), pp. 896-905.
  17. ^ Bo (1977), pp. 905-908.
  18. ^ Bo (1977), pp. 908-913.
  19. ^ Bo (1977), pp. 913-917.
  20. ^ Bo (1977), pp. 918-921.
  21. ^ Bo (1977), pp. 922-927.
  22. ^ Bo (1977), pp. 927-929.
  23. ^ Bo (1977), pp. 929-932.
  24. ^ Bo (1977), pp. 933-935.

References[edit]