List of emperors of the Yuan dynasty

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The following is a list of Emperors of the Mongol Yuan Dynasty (1206-1388) in China.

List of emperors[edit]

Portrait Temple names Posthumous names Khan Names Given names Period of Reigns Era names and their according range of years
Convention: use first name (e.g. Temüjin) or Khan names for khans before Kublai Khan. Use "Yuan" + temple name or posthumous name after. A mix of the three for Kublai Khan.
Note:
1) The Mongol Great Khans before Khublai were only declared Yuan emperors after the creation of Yuan dynasty in 1271
2) To non-Chinese readers, usually the khan names are the most familiar names.
3) Timur or Temür means the same Mongolian words but Temür will be used for avoiding confusion with Timur the lame, or Tamerlane.
YuanEmperorAlbumGenghisPortrait.jpg Taizu (太祖 Tàizǔ) Emperor Fatian Qiyun Shengwu

(法天啟運聖武皇帝)

Genghis Khan Borjigin Temüjin (孛兒只斤鐵木真 Bóérzhījīn Tiěmùzhēn) 1206–1227 did not exist
Tolui Khan.jpg Ruizong (睿宗 Ruìzōng) not used Tolui Borjigin Tolui (孛兒只斤拖雷 BóérzhījīnTuōléi) 1227–1229 did not exist
YuanEmperorAlbumOgedeiPortrait.jpg Taizong (太宗 Tàizōng) Yingwen (英文皇帝) Ögedei Khan Borjigin Ögedei (孛兒只斤窩闊台 Bóérzhījīn Wōkuòtái) 1229–1241 did not exist
Dingzong (定宗 Dìngzōng) Emperor Jianping (简平皇帝) Güyük Khan Borjigin Güyük (孛兒只斤貴由 Bóérzhījīn Guìyuó) 1246–1248 did not exist
Xianzong (憲宗 Xiànzōng) Emperor Huansu (桓肃皇帝) Möngke Khan Borjigin Möngke (孛兒只斤蒙哥 Bóérzhījīn Ménggē) 1251–1259 did not exist
YuanEmperorAlbumKhubilaiPortrait.jpg Shizu (世祖 Shìzǔ) Emperor Shengde Shengong Wenwu

(聖德神功文武皇帝)

Kublai Khan Borjigin Kublai (孛兒只斤忽必烈 Bóérzhījīn Hūbìliè) 1260–1294 Zhongtong (中統 Zhōngtǒng) 1260–1264

Zhiyuan (至元 Zhìyuán) 1264–1294

YuanEmperorAlbumTemurOljeituPortrait.jpg Chengzong (成宗 Chéngzōng) not used Temür Öljeytü Khân Borjigin Temür (孛兒只斤鐵木耳 Bóérzhījīn Tiěmù'ěr) 1294–1307 Yuanzhen (元貞 Yuánzhēn) 1295–1297

Dade (大德 Dàdé) 1297–1307

YuanEmperorAlbumQaishanKulugPortrait.jpg Wuzong (武宗 Wǔzōng) too tedious; thus, not used when referring to this sovereign Qayisan Külüg Borjigin Qayshan (孛兒只斤海山 Bóérzhījīn Hǎishān) 1307–1311 Zhida (至大 Zhìdà) 1308–1311
YuanEmperorAlbumAyurbarvadaBuyantuPortrait.jpg Renzong (仁宗 Rénzōng) too tedious; thus, not used when referring to this sovereign Ayurparibhadra Borjigin Ayurparibhadra (孛兒只斤愛育黎拔力八達 Bóérzhījīn Àiyùlíbálìbādá) 1311–1320 Huangqing (皇慶 Huángqìng) 1312–1313

Yanyou (延祐 Yányòu) 1314–1320

Yingzong (英宗 Yīngzōng) too tedious; thus, not used when referring to this sovereign Suddhipala Gege'en Borjigin Suddhipala (孛兒只斤碩德八剌 Bóérzhījīn Shuòdébālá) 1320–1323 Zhizhi (至治 Zhìzhì) 1321–1323
Jinzong (晉宗 Jìnzōng) (1) Taiding Di (泰定帝 Tàidìng Dì) (2) Yesün-Temür Borjigin Yesün-Temür (孛兒只斤也孫鐵木兒 Bóérzhījīn Yěsūntiěmùér) 1323–1328 Taiding (泰定 Tàidìng) 1321–1328

Zhihe (致和 Zhìhé) 1328

did not exist (1) Tianshun Di (天順帝 Tiānshùn Dì) (2) Arigaba Borjigin Arigaba (孛兒只斤阿速吉八 Bóérzhījīn Āsùjíbā) 1328 Tianshun (天順 Tiānshùn) 1328
YuanEmperorAlbumTughTemurPortrait.jpg Wenzong (文宗 Wénzōng) too tedious; thus, not used when referring to this sovereign Jiyaghatu Toq-Temür Borjigin Toq-Temür (孛兒只斤圖鐵木兒 Bóérzhījīn Tútiěmùér) 1328–1329 and 1329–1332 Tianli (天曆 Tiānlì) 1328–1330

Zhishun (至順 Zhìshùn) 1330–1332

Mingzong (明宗 Míngzōng) too tedious; thus, not used when referring to this sovereign Qoshila Qutuqtu Borjigin Qoshila (孛兒只斤和世剌 Bóérzhījīn Héshìlà) 1329 did not exist
YuanEmperorAlbumIrinchinbalPortrait.jpg Ningzong (寧宗 Níngzōng) too tedious; thus, not used when referring to this sovereign Irinchibal Borjigin Irinchibal (孛兒只斤懿璘質班 Bóérzhījīn Yìlínzhìbān) 1332 Zhishun (至順 Zhìshùn) 1332
Huizong (惠宗 Huìzōng) (1) Shundi (順帝 Shùndì) Toghan-Temür Borjigin Toghan-Temür (孛兒只斤妥懽鐵木兒 Bóérzhījīn Tuǒhuān Tiěmùér) 1333–1370 Zhishun (至順 Zhìshùn) 1333

Yuantong (元統 Yuántǒng) 1333–1335
Zhiyuan (至元 Zhìyuán) 1335–1340
Zhizheng (至正 Zhìzhèng) 1341–1368
Zhiyuan (至元 Zhìyuán) 1368–1370

(1) Convention: for these sovereigns only, use "yuan" + posthumous name, i.e. 元泰定帝 Yuán Tài Dìng Dì.

(2) Not actually a posthumous name, but adopted from era name.

Northern Yuan Dynasty (after the overthrow of the Yuan by the Ming in 1368) 1368–1635
Temple Names (Miao Hao 廟號 Miào Hào) Posthumous Names (Shi Hao 諡號) Khan Names Born Names Period of Reigns Era Names (Nian Hao 年號) and their according range of years
Convention: use khan names or born names.
Note: 1) />2) To non-Chinese readers, usually the khan names are the most familiar names. 2) Timur or Temür means the same Mongolian words but Temür will be used for avoiding confusion with the Timur (Timurlane or Tamerlane) who attempted to restore the Mongolian Empire in Central Asia.
Convention: for the following sovereign only, use "yuan" + posthumous name.
Huizong (惠宗 Huìzōng) (same person as the last Yuan emperor in China) Shundi (順帝 Shùndì) Toghan-Temür Borjigin Toghan-Temür (孛兒只斤妥懽鐵木兒 Bóérzhījīn Tuǒhuān Tiěmùér) 1333–1370 Zhishun (至順 Zhìshùn) 1333

Yuantong (元統 Yuántǒng) 1333–1335
Zhiyuan (至元 Zhìyuán) 1335–1340
Zhizheng (至正 Zhìzhèng) 1341–1368
Zhiyuan (至元 Zhìyuán) 1368–1370

Zhaozong (昭宗 Zhāozōng) Hexiao Emperor (和孝皇帝 Hexiao Huangdi) Biligtü Khan Ayushiridara of the Borjigin clan (孛兒只斤愛育識里達臘 Bóérzhījīn Àiyùshílǐdálà) 1370–1378 Xuanguang (宣光 Xuānguāng) 1371–1378
Yizong (益宗) Ningxiao Emperor (宁孝皇帝 Ningxiao Huangdi) Usakhal Khan Tögüs Temür of the Borjigin clan (孛兒只斤脫古思鐵木兒 Bóérzhījīn Tuōgǔsī Tiěmùér) 1378–1388 Tianyuan (天元 Tiānyuán) 1378–1388
(1) Convention: for these souvereigns only, use "yuan" + posthumous name, i.e. 元泰定帝 Yuán Tài Dìng Dì.

For the later Mongol Khans, see List of Mongol Khans

See also[edit]