List of endangered languages in Asia

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An endangered language is a language that it is at risk of falling out of use, generally because it has few surviving speakers. If it loses all of its speakers, it becomes an extinct language.

Asia is the world's largest and most populous continent.

Afghanistan[edit]

Afghanistan
Language Comments Speakers Source
Askunu language  
Kalasha-ala language  
Mogholi language Red Book
Rushani language Red Book
Tirahi language 100 Possibly 5,000.
Tregami language  
Vasi-vari language 100 Possibly 5,000.

Bangladesh[edit]

Bhutan[edit]

Bhutan
Language Comments Speakers Source
'Ole language or "Black Mountain Monpa" Status: Definitely endangered    UNESCO
Brokkat language Status: Definitely endangered    UNESCO
Brokpa language Status: Definitely endangered    UNESCO
Bumthang language Status: Vulnerable    UNESCO
Chali language Status: Definitely endangered    UNESCO
Chocangaca language Status: Definitely endangered    UNESCO
Tawang language or "Cuona Menba" Also found in China and India. Status: Vulnerable    UNESCO
Dakpa language Also found in India. Status: Definitely endangered    UNESCO
Dzala language Status: Vulnerable    UNESCO
Dzongkha language Status: Vulnerable    UNESCO
Gongduk language Status: Vulnerable    UNESCO
Kheng language Status: Vulnerable    UNESCO
Kurtöp language Status: Vulnerable    UNESCO
Lakha language Status: Definitely endangered    UNESCO
Lepcha language Also found in India and Nepal. Status: Definitely endangered    UNESCO
Lhokpu language Status: Definitely endangered    UNESCO
Nupbikha language Status: Vulnerable    UNESCO
Nyenkha language Status: Vulnerable    UNESCO
Tshangla language Also found in China and India". Status: Vulnerable    UNESCO

Cambodia[edit]

Cambodia
Language Comments Speakers Source
Chong language Also found in Thailand 5,500 Red Book
Suoy language Central Cambodia, NW of Phnom Penh 930 (2004)
Samre language Just north of Siem Reap, nearly extinct 50 (2000)

Caucasus[edit]

Caucasus
Language Comments Speakers Source
Archi language Red Book
Bats language Red Book
Budukh language Red Book
Ghodoberi language Red Book
Hinukh language Red Book
Hunzib language Red Book
Khinalug language Red Book
Khwarshi language 3,000 (2006) Red Book
Kryts language Red Book
Svan language Red Book
Tindi language Red Book
Udi language Red Book

China[edit]

China
Language Comments Speakers Source
Ejnu language Red Book
Macanese language Macau 50 Red Book
Manchu language 60 Red Book
Sarikoli language Red Book

India[edit]

India
Language Comments Speakers Source
Aka-Jeru creole 24 (2000 Verma).
Khamyang language 50 (2003).
Parenga language 767 (2002).
Ruga language
Shompen language(s)

Indonesia[edit]

Kalimantan[edit]

Indonesia (Kalimantan)
Language Comments Speakers Source
Lengilu language 3 to 4 (2000 Wurm).

Maluku[edit]

Indonesia (Maluku)
Language Comments Speakers Source
Amahai language 50 (1987 SIL).
Hoti language 10 (1987 SIL).
Hukumina language 1 (1989 SIL).
Hulung language 10 (1991 SIL).
Ibu language 35 (1987 Voorhoeve and Visser) 50 to 200 in the ethnic group (1984).
Kamarian language 10 (1987 SIL) 6,000 in the village (1987 SIL).
Kayeli language 3 (1995)Not used for 3 decades by the speakers (1989 C Grimes SIL) 800 (1995).
Loun language 20.
Naka'ela language 5 (1985 SIL).
Nusa Laut language 10 2,226 (1989 SIL).
Paulohi language 50 (1982).
Piru language 10 (1985 Y Taguchi SIL).

Papua[edit]

Indonesia (Papua)
Language Comments Speakers Source
Bonerif language 4 (1994 SIL).
Burumakok language 40 (1994 Kroneman).
Duriankere language 30 (2000 Wurm).
Dusner language 20 (2000).
Bädi Kanum language 10 (1996 Mark Donohue).
Kapori language 30 to 40 (2000 Wurm).
Kehu language 25 (2002 SIL).
Kembra language 20 (2000 Wurm).
Kwerisa language 15 to 50 (2000 Wurm).
Mander language 20 (1991 SIL).
Mapia language 1.
Maremgi language 40 (2000 Wurm).
Massep language 25 (2000 Wurm).
Mor language 20 to 30 (2000 Wurm).
Saponi language 4 to 5 (2000 Wurm).
Tandia language 2 (1991 SIL).
Usku language 20 (2000 Wurm).
Woria language 5 to 6 (2000 Wurm).

Sumatra[edit]

Indonesia (Sumatra)
Language Comments Speakers Source
Lom language 2 to 10 (2000 Wurm).

Iran[edit]

Iran
Language Comments Speakers Source
Abduyi dialect    
Davani dialect    
Luri Language    
Baygi Language    

Israel[edit]

State of Israel
Language Comments Speakers Source
Barzani Jewish Neo-Aramaic language 20 (2004 Mutzafi).
Yevanic language 35 in Israel There were a few semispeakers left in 1987 and may be none now Population total all countries: 50.

Japan[edit]

Japan
Language Comments Speakers Source
Ainu language 15 in Russia (1996 Alexander Vovin) ~100s in Japan.
Amami language
Hachijo language
Kunigami language
Miyako language
Okinawa language
Yaeyama language
Yonaguni language

Laos[edit]

Laos
Language Comments Speakers Source
Arem language 20 in Laos 500 (1995).

Malaysia[edit]

Peninsular Malaysia[edit]

Malaysia (Peninsular)
Language Comments Speakers Source
Mintil language 40 (1975 SIL).
Orang Kanaq language 34 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).
Malaysia
Language Comments Speakers Source
Papia-kristang language Red Book

Sarawak[edit]

Malaysia (Sarawak)
Language Comments Speakers Source
Punan Batu 1 language 30 (2000 Wurm).

Nepal[edit]

Nepal
Language Comments Speakers Source
Chintang language  
Chukwa language 100 (1991 W Winter).
Dumi language 3 (2000 Van Driem) 1,000 to 2,000 (1991 W Winter).
Lingkhim language 1 (1991 W Winter).
Saam language 23 (2001 census).

Oman[edit]

Oman
Language Comments Speakers Source
Harsusi language  

Philippines[edit]

Philippines
Language Comments Speakers Source
Alabat Island Agta language see Bikol languages 30 (2000 Wurm).
Isarog Agta language see Bikol languages 5 to 6 (2000 Wurm) 1,000 (1984 SIL).
Northern Alta language Red Book
Arta language 15 (2000 Wurm)Population includes 12 in Villa Santiago, 1 in Villa Gracia, 3 or 4 in Nagtipunan (1992 L Reid).
Ata language 2 to 5 (2000 Wurm).
Atta-faire language Red Book
Ayta-bataan language Red Book
Sorsogon Ayta language 15 to 20 (2000 Wurm).
Ratagnon language 2 to 3 (2000 Wurm) 2,000 (1997 SIL).

Russia (Asia)[edit]

Russia (Asia)
Language Comments Speakers Source
Ainu language
Medny Aleut language see Aleut language 10 (1995 M Krauss).
Chukchi language  
Chulym language  
Forest Enets language see Enets language 40 (1995 M Krauss) 209 with Tundra Enets (1989 census).
Tundra Enets language see Enets language 30 (1995 M Krauss) 209 together with Forest Enets (1990 census).
Karagas language 25 to 30 (2001) 730 (1989 census).
Kerek language 2 (1997 M Krauss)There were 200 to 400 speakers in 1900 400.
Ket language The last Ieniseian language 550 to 990 (1995 M. Krauss).
Orok language see Orok people 30 to 82 in Russia (1995 M Krauss)Population total all countries: 33 to 85 250 to 300 (1995 M Krauss).
Udihe language 100 (1991 Kibrik) 1,600 (1991 Kibrik).
Ulch language Siberia  
Yugh language 2 or 3 (1991 G K Verner in Kibrik)Nonfluent speakers 10 to 15 (1991 G K Verner in Kibrik).
Northern Yukaghir language see Yukaghir languages 30 to 150 (1995 M Krauss, 1989 census) 230 to 1,100 (1995 M Krauss, 1989 census).
Southern Yukaghir language see Yukaghir languages 10 to 50 (1995 M Krauss, 1989 census) 130 (1995 M Krauss, 1989 census).

South Korea[edit]

South Korea
Language Comments Speakers Source
Jeju language Jeju island 5-10,000 UNESCO

Sri Lanka[edit]

Sri Lanka
Language Comments Speakers Source
Veddah Language 300 1993 SIL
Sri Lanka Malay 50,000 1986 Hussainmiya, Prentice 1994:411

Taiwan[edit]

Taiwan
Language Comments Speakers Source
Nataoran Amis language Commonly considered a dialect of Amis. 5 (2000 Wurm).
Babuza language 3 to 4 (2000 S Wurm).
Kanakanabu language 6 to 8 (2000 Wurm) 250 (UNESCO).
Kavalan language 24 (2000 Li).
Kulon-Pazeh language 0
Saaroa language 5 to 6 (2000 Wurm) 300 (2000 UNESCO Red Book).
Saisiyat language Red Book
Thao language 5 to 6 (2000 Wurm) 248 (1989).

Tajikistan[edit]

Tajikistan
Language Comments Speakers Source
Bartangi language Red Book
Ishkashimi language Red Book
Oroshani language see Pamir languages
see Shughni language
Red Book
Yaghnobi language Red Book
Yazgulami language Red Book

Thailand[edit]

Thailand
Language Comments Speakers Source
Mok language 7 (1981 Wurm and Hattori).

Uzbekistan[edit]

Uzbekistan
Language Comments Speakers Source
Judeo-Crimean Tatar language

Vietnam[edit]

Vietnam
Language Comments Speakers Source
Arem language see Chut people 20 in Viet Nam (1996 Ferlus) Population total all countries: 40 100 in Viet Nam (1996 Ferlus)
Red Gelao language see Gelao language (distinct ISO 639-3 code) 20
White Gelao language see Gelao language (distinct ISO 639-3 code) 20 (2002 Edmondson).

Yemen[edit]

Yemen
Language Comments Speakers Source
Bathari language Also in Oman