List of endangered languages in Bangladesh

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An endangered language is a language that it is at risk of falling out of use, generally because it has few surviving speakers. If it loses all of its native speakers, it becomes an extinct language. UNESCO distinguishes four levels of endangerment in languages, based on intergeneratinal transfer:[1]

Vulnerable: Most children speak the language, but it may be restricted to certain domains (e.g., home).
Definitely endangered: Children no longer learn the language as mother tongue in the home.
Severely endangered: Language is spoken by grandparents and older generations; while the parent generation may understand it, they do not speak it to children or among themselves.
Critically endangered: The youngest speakers are grandparents and older, and they speak the language partially and infrequently.
Language Countries Speakers Status Comments Ref
Bishnupriya Manipuri Creole[1] [2] India, Bangladesh 115,000 Vulnerable    
Bawm[1] Bangladesh 14,000 Definitely endangered    
Chak[2] Bangladesh 5,500 Definitely endangered    
Asho Chin[2] Myanmar, Bangladesh 2,340 Definitely endangered    
Chin, Falam[2] Myanmar, Bangladesh 120,000 Vulnerable    
Chin, Haka[2] Myanmar, Bangladesh 446,264 Vulnerable    
Hajong[2] Bangladesh, India 68,000 Vulnerable    
Khasi[2] India, Bangladesh 865,000 Definitely endangered    
Koda[2] Bangladesh, India 1,600 Severely endangered    
Kok Borok[1][2] Bangladesh, India 695,000 Vulnerable    
Kurux[1] Bangladesh 14,000 Definitely endangered    
Marma[2] Bangladesh 166,500 Vulnerable    
Megam[2] Bangladesh 6,870 Severely endangered    
Mru[2] Bangladesh 51,230 Definitely endangered    
Pangkhua[2] Bangladesh 2,730 Severely endangered    
Pnar[2] India, Bangladesh 88,000 Definitely endangered    
Sadri, Oraon[2] Bangladesh 166,000 Vulnerable    
Sauria Paharia[2] India, Bangladesh 117,000 Definitely endangered    

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Moseley, Christopher (ed.). 2010. Atlas of the World’s Languages in Danger, 3rd edn. Paris, UNESCO Publishing. Online version: http://www.unesco.org/culture/en/endangeredlanguages/atlas
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Endangered Language Alliance. "Bangladesh: Some endangered languages". Endangered Language Alliance. Retrieved 6 October 2012.