List of endangered languages in Nepal

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An endangered language is a language that it is at risk of falling out of use, generally because it has few surviving speakers. If it loses all of its native speakers, it becomes an extinct language. UNESCO distinguishes four levels of endangerment in languages, based on intergeneratinal transfer:[1]

Vulnerable: Most children speak the language, but it may be restricted to certain domains (e.g., home).
Definitely endangered: Children no longer learn the language as mother tongue in the home.
Severely endangered: Language is spoken by grandparents and older generations; while the parent generation may understand it, they do not speak it to children or among themselves.
Critically endangered: The youngest speakers are grandparents and older, and they speak the language partially and infrequently.
Language Countries Speakers Status Comments Ref
Athpahariya language, Athpahariya[1] Nepal   Definitely endangered    
Bahing language, Bahing[1] Nepal   Definitely endangered    
Bantawa language, Bantawa[1] Nepal   Vulnerable    
Barām language, Barām[1] Nepal   Critically endangered    
Chamling language, Chamling[1] Nepal   Definitely endangered    
Chantyal language, Chantyal[1] Nepal   Definitely endangered    
Chepang language[1] Nepal   Vulnerable    
Chintang language, Chintang[1] Nepal   Severely endangered    
Chɨlɨng language, Chɨlɨng[1] Nepal   Definitely endangered    
Danuwar language, Danuwar[1] Nepal   Severely endangered    
Darai language, Darai[1] Nepal   Severely endangered    
Dhimal language, Dhimal[1] Nepal   Severely endangered    
Dol-po language, Dol-po[1] Nepal   Definitely endangered    
Dumi language, Dumi[1] Nepal   Critically endangered    
Dungmali language, Dungmali[1] Nepal   Definitely endangered    
Ghale language, Ghale[1] Nepal   Vulnerable    
Gurung language, Gurung[1] Nepal   Definitely endangered    
Gyasumdo language, Gyasumdo[1] Nepal   Definitely endangered    
Ha-lung Tibetan language, Ha-lung Tibetan[1] Nepal   Definitely endangered    
Hayu language, Hayu[1] Nepal   Critically endangered    
Jero language, Jero[1] Nepal   Vulnerable    
Jirel language, Jirel[1] Nepal   Definitely endangered    
Kāgate language, Kāgate[1] Nepal   Definitely endangered    
Kaike language, Kaike[1] Nepal   Definitely endangered    
Khaccaḍ Bhoṭe language, Khaccaḍ Bhoṭe[1] Nepal   Definitely endangered    
Khaling language, Khaling[1] Nepal   Definitely endangered    
Kham language, Kham[1] Nepal   Definitely endangered    
Kohi language, Kohi[1] Nepal   Vulnerable    
Kulung language, Kulung[1] Nepal   Vulnerable    
Kumāle language, Kumāle[1] Nepal   Severely endangered    
Kurux language (Nepal), Kurux[1] Nepal   Vulnerable    
Kusunda language, Kusunda[1] Nepal   Critically endangered    
Langthang Tibetan language, Langthang Tibetan[1] Nepal   Definitely endangered    
Limirong Tibetan language, Limirong Tibetan[1] Nepal   Definitely endangered    
Lohorung language, Lohorung[1] Nepal   Severely endangered    
Loke Tibetan language, Loke Tibetan[1] Nepal   Definitely endangered    
Magar language, Magar[1] Nepal   Definitely endangered    
Majhi language, Majhi[1] Nepal   Severely endangered    
Mewahang language, Mewahang[1] Nepal   Severely endangered    
Nachiring language, Nachiring[1] Nepal   Severely endangered    
Narpa language, Narpa[1] Nepal   Definitely endangered    
Newar language, Newar[1] Nepal   Definitely endangered    
Nupri language, Nupri[1] Nepal   Definitely endangered    
Nyishangba language, Nyishangba[1] Nepal   Definitely endangered    
Puma language[1] Nepal   Severely endangered    
Raji language, Raji[1] Nepal   Severely endangered    
Raute language, Raute[1] Nepal   Severely endangered    
Sām language, Sām[1] Nepal   Severely endangered    
Sampang language, Sampang[1] Nepal   Vulnerable    
Satār language, Satār[1] Nepal   Vulnerable    
Seke language, Seke[1] Nepal   Vulnerable    
Sunwar language, Sunwar[1] Nepal   Vulnerable    
Surel language, Surel[1] Nepal   Critically endangered    
Thakali language, Thakali[1] Nepal   Vulnerable    
Thangmi language, Thangmi[1] Nepal   Definitely endangered    
Thulung language, Thulung[1] Nepal   Definitely endangered    
Tilung language, Tilung[1] Nepal   Definitely endangered    
Tsum language, Tsum[1] Nepal   Definitely endangered    
Wambule language, Wambule[1] Nepal   Vulnerable    
Yakkha language, Yakkha[1] Nepal   Critically endangered    
Yamphu language, Yamphu[1] Nepal   Definitely endangered    

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj Moseley, Christopher (ed.). 2010. Atlas of the World’s Languages in Danger, 3rd edn. Paris, UNESCO Publishing. Online version: http://www.unesco.org/culture/en/endangeredlanguages/atlas