List of endangered species in North America

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As of November 1, 2009, the United States Fish and Wildlife Service listed approximately 1,200 animals and 750 plants as endangered or threatened in North America.

Below is a partial list:

Animals[edit]

Mammals [1][edit]

Bison bison (American bison)
Canis lupus baileyi (Mexican wolf)
Canis lupus rufus (Red wolf)
Dipodomys casks (Stephen's kangaroo rat)
Dipodomys heermanni morroensis (Morro Bay kangaroo rat)
Dipodomys ingens (Giant kangaroo rat)
Dipodomys merriami parvus (San Bernardino Merriam's kangaroo rat)
Dipodomys nitratoides (Kangaroo rat) (vulnerable)
Dipodomys stephensi (Stephen's kangaroo rat)
Eumetopias jubatus (Steller Sea Lion)
Lasiurus cinereus semotus (Hawaiian Hoary bat)
Leptonycteris curasoae yerbabuenae (Lesser long-nosed bat)
Leptonycteris nivalis (Mexican long-nosed bat)
Microtus californicus scirpensis (Amargosa vole)
Microtus mexicanus hualpaiensis (Mexican Hualapai vole)
Mustela nigripes (Black-footed ferret)
Myotis grisescens (Gray bat)
Myotis sodalis (Indiana bat)
Neotoma fuscipes riparia (Riparian woodrat)
Odocoileus hemionus cerrosensis (Cedros Island mule deer)
Oryzomys palustris natator (Rice rat)
Ovis canadensis californiana (California bighorn sheep)
Perognathus longimembris pacificus (Pacific pocket mouse)
Peromyscus gossypinus allapaticola (Key Largo cotton mouse)
Puma concolor couguar (North American Cougar)
Puma yagouaroundi cacomitli (Gulf Coast Jaguarundi)
Puma yagouaroundi tolteca (Sinaloan Jaguarundi)
Rangifer tarandus caribou (Woodland caribou)
Reithrodontomys raviventris (Salt Marsh harvest mouse) (vulnerable)
Sciurus niger cinereus (Delmarva Peninsula fox)
Sorex ornatus relictus (Buena Vista Lake ornate shrew)
Tamiasciurus hudsonicus grahamensis (Mount Graham red squirrel)
Trichechus manatus (West Indian manatee)
Urocyon littoralis (Island fox)
Ursus arctos horribilis (Grizzly bear)
Vulpes macrotis mutica (San Joaquin kit fox)
Marmota vancouverensis (Vancouver Island Marmot)
Puma concolor (Florida Panther)

Birds[edit]

Agelaius xanthomus (Yellow-shouldered blackbird)
Grus americana (Whooping crane)
Gymnogyps californianus (California condor)
Setophaga kirtlandii (Kirtland's Warbler)
Campephilus principalis (Ivory-billed Woodpecker)

Reptiles[edit]

Ameiva polops (St. Croix ground lizard)
Anolis roosevelti (Culebra Island giant anole)
Caretta caretta (loggerhead sea turtle)
Chelonia mydas (Green sea turtle)
Clemmys guttata (Spotted Turtle)
Clemmys muhlenbergii (Bog turtle)
Crocodylus acutus (American crocodile)
Crocodylus moreletii (Morelet's crocodile)
Crotalus willardi obscurus (New Mexican ridge-nosed rattlesnake)
Cyclura cornuta stejnegeri (Mona ground iguana)
Dermochelys coriacea (Leatherback sea turtle)
Dermatemys mawii (Central American river turtle)
Drymarchon couperi (Eastern indigo snake)
Eretmochelys imbricata (Hawksbill sea turtle)
Gambelia silus (blunt-nose leopard lizard)
Glyptemys insculpta (Wood Turtle)
Gopherus agassizii (Desert tortoise)
Graptemys flavimaculata (Yellow-blotched map turtle)
Gopherus flavomarginatus (Bolson tortoise)
Gopherus polyphemus (Gopher tortoise)
Graptemys oculifera (Ringed map turtle)
Heloderma suspectum (Gila monster)
Lepidochelys kempii (Kemp's ridley sea turtle)
Lepidochelys olivacea (Olive ridley sea turtle)
Macrochelys temminckii (Alligator Snapping Turtle)
Masticophis lateralis euryxanthus (Alameda whipsnake)
Neoseps reynoldsi (Sand skink)
Pseudemys alabamensis (Alabama red-belly turtle)
Sauromalus varius (San Esteban Island chuckwalla)
Sphaerodactylus micropithecus (Monito gecko)
Sternotherus depressus (Flattened musk turtle)
Terrapene coahuila (Aquatic box turtle)
Thamnophis gigas (Giant garter snake)
Thamnophis sirtalis tetrataenia (San Francisco garter snake)
Uma inornata (Coachella Valley fringe-toed lizard)
Xantusia riversiana (Island night lizard)

Amphibians[edit]

Ambystoma californiense (California tiger salamander)
Bufo houstonensis (Houston toad)
Eurycea sosorum (Barton springs salamander)
Plethodon shenandoah (Shenandoah salamander)
Rana muscosa (Mountain yellow-legged frog)
Typhlomolge rathbuni (Texas blind salamander)

Insects and arachnids[edit]

Apodemia mormo langei (Lange's metalmark butterfly)
Boloria acrocnema (Uncompahgre fritillary butterfly)
Brychius hungerfordi (Hungerford's crawling water beetle)
Cicindela nevadica lincolniana (Salt Creek tiger beetle)
Cicindela ohlone (Ohlone tiger beetle)
Euphilotes battoides allyni (El Segundo blue butterfly)
Euphilotes enoptes smithi (Smith's blue butterfly)
Euphydryas editha quino (Quino checkerspot butterfly)
Icaricia icarioides (Boisduval's blue butterfly)
Lycaeides melissa samuelis (Karner blue butterfly)
Microhexura montivaga (Spruce-fir moss spider)
Neonympha mitchellii (Mitchell's satyr butterfly)
Nicrophorus americanus (American burying beetle)
praying mantis (maryland) Pyrgus ruralis lagunae (Laguna mountains skipper)
Speyeria callippe callippe (Callippe silverspot butterfly)
Texamaurops reddelli (Kretschmarr Cave mold beetle)
Texella reddelli (Bee Creek cave harvestman)

Trimerotropis infantilis (Zayante band-winged grasshopper)

Fish[edit]

Acipenser brevirostrum (Shortnose sturgeon)
Acipenser oxyrinchus desotoi (gulf sturgeon)
Amblyopsis rosae (Ozark cavefish)
Catostomus microps (Modoc sucker)
Catostomus santaanae (Santa Ana sucker)
Catostomus warnerensis (Warner sucker)
Carcharodon carcharias (Great White shark)
Chasmistes brevirostris (Shortnose sucker)
Chasmistes cujus (Cui-ui)
Chasmistes liorus (June sucker)
Crenichthys baileyi baileyi (White River springfish)
Crenichthys baileyi grandis (Hiko White River springfish)
Crenichthys nevadae (Railroad Valley springfish)
Cyprinella caerulea (Blue shiner)
Cyprinella formosa (beautiful shiner)
Cyprinodon bovinus (Leon Springs pupfish)
Cyprinodon diabolis (Devils Hole pupfish)
Cyprinodon elegans (Comanche Springs pupfish)
Cyprinodon macularius (Desert pupfish)
Cyprinodon radiosus (Owens pupfish)
Deltistes luxatus (Lost River sucker)
Dionda diaboli (Devils River minnow)
Eremichthys acros (desert dace)
Erimystax cahni (Slender chub)
Etheostoma boschungi (slackwater darter)
Etheostoma nuchale (watercress darter)
Etheostoma okaloosae (Okaloosa darter)
Etheostoma wapiti (boulder darter)
Eucyclogobius newberryi (Tidewater goby)
Gambusia gaigei (Big Bend gambusia)
Gambusia heterochir (Clear Creek gambusia)
Gambusia nobilis (Pecos Gambusia)
Gila bicolor mohavensis (Mohave tui chub)
Gila boraxobius (Borax Lake chub)
Gila cypha (humpback chub)
Gila ditaenia (Sonara chub)
Gila elegans (bonytail chub)
Gila intermedia (Gila chub)
Gila nigrescens (Chihuahua chub)
Gila purpurea (Yaqui chub)
Gila seminuda (Virgin River chub)
Hybognathus amarus (Rio Grande silvery minnow)
Hypomesus transpacificus (delta smelt)
Ictalurus pricei (Yaqui catfish)
Lepidomeda albivallis (White River spinedace)
Lepidomeda vittata (Little Colorado spinedace)
Meda fulgida (spikedace)
Moapa coriacea (Moapa dace)
Notropis cahabae (Cahaba shiner)
Notropis mekistocholas (Cape Fear shiner)
Noturus flavipinnis (yellowfin madtom)
Noturus stanauli (Pygmy madtom)
Noturus trautmani (Scioto madtom)
Oncorhynchus apache (Apache trout)
Oncorhynchus clarki henshawi (Lahontan cutthroat trout)
Oncorhynchus clarki seleniris (Paiute cutthroat trout)
Oncorhynchus clarki stomias (Greenback cutthroat trout)
Oncorhynchus gilae (Gila trout)
Oncorhynchus keta (chum salmon)
Oregonichthys crameri (Oregon chub)
Percina antesella (amber darter)
Percina aurolineata (Goldline darter)
Percina jenkinsi (Conasauga logperch)
Percina pantherina (Leopard darter)
Percina rex (Roanoke logperch)
Percina tanasi (Snail darter)
Phoxinus cumberlandensis (Blackside dace)
Plagopterus argentissimus (Woundfin)
Poeciliopsis occidentalis (Gila toppminnow)
Pristis pectinata (smalltooth sawfish)
Ptychocheilus lucius (Colorado pikeminnow)
Salvelinus confluentus (Bull trout)
Scaphirhynchus albus (Pallid sturgeon)
Scaphirhynchus suttkusi (Alabama sturgeon)
Speoplatyrhinus poulsoni (Alabama cavefish)
Tiaroga cobitis (loach minnow)
Xyrauchen texanus (Razorback sucker)

Clams, crustaceans, and snails[edit]

"Haliotis cracherodii" (Black Abalone)
"Haliotis sorenseni" (White Abalone)
Orconectes shoupi (Nashville Crayfish)
Achatinella sp. (Oahu Tree Snails)

Plants and lichens[edit]

see List of endangered plants in North America

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Mammals". Threatened & Endangered Species System. United States Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 2008-01-01. 

External links[edit]