List of equipment of the Russian Ground Forces

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This is a list of equipment of the Russian Ground Forces currently in service.

Infantry weapons[edit]

Pistols[edit]

Name Type Cartridge Origin Photo Notes
Makarov PMM Semi-automatic pistol 9x18 PMM  Soviet Union Пистолет Макарова.png 8 round magazine (12 on later versions), main service sidearm 1951-1991. Still in service.
MP-443 Grach Semi-automatic pistol 9x19 7N21  Russia MP-443 Grach 02.jpg 17 round magazine, known as the Yarygin PYa in military service. Limited service with special forces.
SR-1 Vector Semi-automatic pistol 9x21 Gyurza  Russia 9mm SR1PM pistol TVM2012 016.jpg Limited service with special forces.

Submachine guns[edit]

Name Type Cartridge Origin Photo Notes
AEK-919K "Kashtan" Submachine gun 9x18 PMM  Russia AEK-919K Kashtan 01.jpg 20 or 30 round magazine capacity. Issued to special forces.[1]
PP-19 "Bison" Submachine gun 9x18 PMM  Soviet Union PP-19 Bizon right view.jpg 64-round magazine. Issued to special forces.
PP-2000 Submachine gun 9x19  Russia PP-2000 with detached magazine.jpg 20 or 44-round detachable box magazine. Issued to special forces.[2]

Automatic Rifles[edit]

Name Type Cartridge Origin Photo Notes
AK-74 Assault rifle 5.45x39  Soviet Union Ak74assault.jpg 30 round magazine. AKS-74U carbine version in use with special forces.
AK-74M Assault rifle 5.45x39  Russia Ak74m 91.jpg 30 round magazine. Main service rifle of Russian Ground Forces. It is an improved AK-74 with a synthetic folding stock.[3] AK-105 carbine version in use with special forces.
AKM Assault rifle 7.62x39  Soviet Union AKM automatkarbin - 7,62x39mm.jpg 30 round magazine, former main service rifle, some usage mainly in urban environments due to the ability to penetrate heavy cover. Mostly kept in reserve stocks. Improved AK-103 in limited use with special operations units.
AN-94 Assault rifle 5.45x39  Russia Izhmash Nikonov AN-94 GP-34.jpg 30 round magazine, new 60 round magazine, 2 round burst mode fired at 1800 RPM, originally designed to replace AK-74M, cancelled from general issue due to cost. Limited usage by special forces units.[4]
AS Val Silenced Automatic rifle 9x39 SP-5 or SP-6  Soviet Union AS Val (541-03).jpg 10 or 20 round magazine, uses an integrated suppressor.[5]
SR-3M Silenced Automatic rifle 9x39 SP-5 or SP-6  Russia SR-3 (540-03).jpg 20 or 30 round magazine.

Sniper Rifles[edit]

Name Type Cartridge Origin Photo Notes
Dragunov SVD Sniper rifle 7.62x54  Soviet Union Svd 1 russian.jpg 10 round magazine, semi auto, main service sniper rifle. SVDK variant is used for dealing with targets behind heavy cover, while SVU variant is used by special forces.
VSS Vintorez Suppressed sniper rifle 9x39 SP-5 or SP-6  Soviet Union 51AirborneRegiment49.jpg 10 or 20 round magazine, semi or full auto, uses an integrated suppressor.
KSVK Anti-material rifle 12.7x108  Russia KSVK1.jpg 5 round magazine, bolt action, limited usage.[6]
OSV-96 Anti-material rifle 12.7x108  Russia OSV-96 MAKS-2009.jpg 5 round magazine, semi auto, can be folded in half, limited usage.[7]

Machine guns[edit]

Name Type Cartridge Origin Photo Notes
RPK-74 Light machine gun 5.45x39  Soviet Union Soviet RPK-74.JPEG 30 or 45 round magazine, based on the AK-74. RPK-74M variant is the main service SAW, while the older RPK-74s are kept in stock.
PKM General purpose machine gun 7.62x54  Soviet Union PKM DD-ST-85-01257.JPEG Belt fed with 100 or 200 or 250 round boxes, uses a heavily modified Kalashnikov design, main service general purpose machine gun.
PKP "Pecheneg" General purpose machine gun 7.62x54  Russia PKP Pecheneg Recon Company 4th Separate Tank Brigade.jpg Belt fed with 100 or 200 round boxes. Based on and designed to replace the PKM, limited usage.
NSV Heavy machine gun 12.7x108  Soviet Union NSVT (2).JPG Belt fed with 50 round boxes, main service heavy machine gun.
Kord Heavy machine gun 12.7x108  Russia Kord machine gun Engineering technologies - 2010 01.jpg Belt fed with 50 round boxes, replacing the NSV as the main service heavy machine gun. Limited usage.

Grenades and grenade launchers[edit]

Name Type Diameter Origin Photo Notes
RGO Hand grenade 60mm  Soviet Union RGO defensive grenade Navy.jpg 6 meter kill radius, 3.8 second fuse, will detonate on impact after being armed for 1.8 seconds.
RGN Hand grenade 60mm  Soviet Union RGN offensive hand grenade Navy.jpg 4 meter kill radius, 3.8 second fuse, will detonate on impact after being armed for 1.8 seconds.
GP-25/30/34 Under-barrel grenade launcher 40mm  Soviet Union GP-30 grenade launcher.jpg Can be fitted to AKM, AK-74, AN-94, and AK-10X rifles and their variants.
BS-1 Tishina Under-barrel grenade launcher 30mm  Soviet Union Can be fitted to AKS-74U carbine.
RG-6/6G30 Multi-shot grenade launcher 40mm  Russia RG-6 Interpolitex-2011.jpg 6 round capacity in revolver style cylinders.
GM-94 Multi-shot grenade launcher 43mm  Russia Grenade-launcher-GM-94.jpg 3 round tube magazine, pump action, optimized for close quarters battle using grenades with a small kill radius.
AGS-17 Automatic grenade launcher 30mm  Soviet Union 30-мм автоматический гранатомет АГС-17 Пламя.jpg Belt fed with 29 round drums, high rate of fire.
AGS-30 Automatic grenade launcher 30mm  Russia AGS-30 maks2009.jpg Belt fed with 29 round drums, lightweight modern version of the AGS-17.

Mines[edit]

Name Type Detonation Origin Photo Notes
MON-50 Anti-personnel mine Tripwire/Command  Russia Non armed mon50 anti-personnel clustermine.jpg Propels ~485/540 steel projectiles to a kill radius of 50 meters.
MON-90 Anti-personnel mine Tripwire/Command  Russia Propels ~2000 steel projectiles to a kill radius of 90 meters.
MON-100 Anti-personnel mine Tripwire/Command  Russia MON-100 2 (ORDATA).jpg Propels ~400 steel projectiles to a kill radius of 100 meters.
MON-200 Anti-personnel mine Tripwire/Command  Russia A larger and more powerful version of the MON-100.
OZM Anti-personnel mine Tripwire/Command/Pressure  Russia OZM3.jpg ~500g TNT, fragmentation mine.
POMZ Anti-personnel mine Tripwire/Command/Pressure  Russia POMZ1.JPEG ~75g TNT, fragmentation mine.
PMN Anti-personnel mine Pressure  Russia PMN (rechts) und PMN 2.jpeg ~240g TNT, anti-personnel blast mine.
TM-46 Anti-tank mine Pressure  Russia TM-46 AP-mine.JPEG 5.7 KG TNT.
TM-57 Anti-tank mine Pressure  Russia TM-57 held with tilt fuze.jpg 6.3 kg TNT.
TM-62 Anti-tank mine Pressure  Russia Winz7.jpg 7.5 kg TNT.
TM-83 Anti-tank mine Seismic sensors  Russia ~13 kg TNT.
TM-89 Anti-tank mine Seismic sensors  Russia ~10 kg TNT.

Rocket and missile systems[edit]

Name Type Diameter Origin Photo Notes
RPO-A Shmel Shoulder-launched missile weapon 93mm  Soviet Union RPO-A missile and launcher.jpg Single-shot, disposable rocket launcher. Uses RPO-A thermobaric and RPO-Z incendiary rockets.
RPG-7 Rocket-propelled grenade 40mm (launcher only, warhead diameter varies)  Soviet Union RPG-7 detached.jpg Re-loadable launcher with a variety of anti-personnel and anti-tank munitions available.
RPG-16 Rocket-propelled grenade 58mm  Soviet Union Re-loadable launcher, Higher accuracy and four times the range of the RPG-7.
RPG-26 Rocket-propelled grenade 72.5mm  Soviet Union Grenade launchers RPG-26.jpg Single-shot disposable launcher.
RPG-27 Rocket-propelled grenade 105mm  Soviet Union РПГ-27 «Таволга».jpg Single-shot disposable launcher with tandem-charge warhead in an anti-tank role, and RShG-1 thermobaric warhead for anti-infantry use.
RPG-28 Rocket-propelled grenade 125 mm  Russia Single-shot disposable launcher with tandem charge warhead.
RPG-29 Rocket-propelled grenade 105mm  Soviet Union RPG-29 USGov.JPG Re-loadable launcher. Can use PG-29V tandem-charge munitions in an anti-tank role, or TBG-29 thermobaric munitions in anti-infantry use.
RPG-30 Rocket-propelled grenade 105mm  Russia Single-shot disposable launcher.
RPG-32 Rocket-propelled grenade 105mm  Russia Re-loadable launcher. Can use PG-32V tandem-charge munitions in an anti-tank role, or TBG-32V thermobaric munitions in anti-infantry use.
9M111M Fagot-M Anti-tank guided missile 120mm  Soviet Union POLK 9K111 Fagot.jpg Designated AT-4C "Spigot C" by NATO.
9M113M Konkurs-M Anti-tank guided missile 135mm  Soviet Union Flickr - Israel Defense Forces - Russian-Made Missile Found in Hezbollah Hands.jpg Designated AT-5B "Spandrel B" by NATO.
9K115-2 Metis-M Anti-tank guided missile 130mm  Russia Antitank missile system Metis-M1.jpg Designated AT-13 "Saxhorn-2" by NATO.
9M133 Kornet Anti-tank guided missile 152mm  Russia 9M133 Kornet.JPG Designated AT-14 "Spriggan" by NATO.
9K34 Strela-3 Man-portable air-defense system 75mm  Soviet Union SA-14 missile and launch tube.jpg Designated SA-14 "Gremlin" by NATO.
9K338 Igla-S Man-portable air-defense system 72mm  Soviet Union 9K338 Igla-S (NATO-Code - SA-24 Grinch).jpg Designated SA-24 "Grinch" by NATO.

Vehicles[edit]

Tanks[edit]

Name Type Quantity Origin Photo Notes
T-90 Main battle tank 743[8]  Russia Engineering Technologies - 2012 (1-10).jpg Production halted and funds transferred for T-99 project.
T-80 Main battle tank Active: 0
Reserve: 4,500
 Soviet Union T-80U MBT photo003.jpg All T-80s were withdrawn from active service in December 2013.[9][10]
T-72 Main battle tank Active: ~2,255
Reserve: 8,000
 Soviet Union T-72B3 - TankBiathlon2013-09.jpg 155 upgraded to T-72B2. 300 upgraded to T-72B3. Numerous T-72s brought back into service following withdrawal of Russian T-80s.[11]

Infantry Fighting Vehicles[edit]

Name Type Quantity Origin Photo Notes
BMP-3 Infantry fighting vehicle ~720  Soviet Union Engineering Technologies - 2012 (1-35).jpg Originally intended to replace BMP-2 and BMP-1. Instead likely to complement Unified Combat Platform based BMP or BTR-T (heavy) in smaller numbers from ~2015.[12]
BMP-2 Infantry fighting vehicle Active: ~1,851
Reserve: 6,500 [13]
 Soviet Union BMP-2 (2).jpg
BMP-1 Infantry fighting vehicle Active: ~658
Reserve: 10,000 [14]
 Soviet Union BMP-1 IFV in Russian service.jpg

Personnel Carriers[edit]

Name Type Quantity Origin Photo Notes
BTR-90 Armoured personnel carrier ~80[15]  Russia BTR-90 (1).jpg Further orders cancelled in 2011 due to not meeting new army requirements. Development of a new BTR in progress as the Bumerang.
BTR-80/82A Armoured personnel carrier ~1,281[16]  Soviet Union/ Russia Engineering Technologies - 2012 (3-14).jpg
BTR-60 Armoured personnel carrier Active: ~17
Reserve: Unknown [17]
 Soviet Union BTR-60PB DA-ST-89-06597.jpg
MT-LB Armoured personnel carrier Active: ~1,493
Reserve: 5,000 [18]
 Soviet Union Medic MT-LB - TankBiathlon2013-36.jpg

Air Defence Vehicles[edit]

Name Type Quantity Origin Photo Notes
9K33 Osa Short Range SAM ~270[19]  Soviet Union 9K33 Osa of the Russian Army.jpg Designated SA-8 "Gecko" by NATO.
9K35M3 Strela-10M3 Short range SAM ~358[20]  Soviet Union Strela 10.jpg Designated SA-13 "Gopher" by NATO.
9K331M Tor-M1 Short range SAM ~172[21]  Soviet Union VDay Parade Rehearsal Moscow04.jpg Designated SA-15 "Gauntlet" by NATO.
9K37M1 Buk Medium range SAM ~342[22]  Soviet Union VDayParadeRehearsal2009-01.JPG Designated SA-11 "Gadfly" by NATO.
9K22 Tunguska SPAAG ~204[23]  Soviet Union VDay Parade Rehearsal Moscow03.jpg Designated SA-19 "Grison" by NATO.
S-300V Antey-300 Long-range SAM ~185[24]  Soviet Union 9K81 S-300V launcher.jpg Designated SA-12 "Giant" by NATO.

Mortars[edit]

Name Type Quantity Origin Photo Notes
2S12 Sani 120mm Heavy mortar Active: ~636
Reserve: 1,000 [25]
 Soviet Union 2S12 Sani (heavy mortar system).jpg
2B14 Podnos 82mm Infantry mortar Active: ~276
Reserve: 3,000 [26]
 Soviet Union 2B14 Podnos at "Engineering Technologies 2010" forum.jpg

Field artillery[edit]

Name Type Quantity Origin Photo Notes
2A18 D-30 122mm Howitzer Active: ~564
Reserve: 1,300 [27]
 Soviet Union 122- мм гаубица Д-30 (1).jpg
2A36 Giatsint-B 152mm Howitzer Active: ~131
Reserve: 1,000 [28]
 Soviet Union 152-мм пушка Гиацинт-Б (5).jpg
2A65 Msta-B 152mm Howitzer Active: ~396
Reserve: 600 [29]
 Soviet Union 2A65 Msta-B.JPG
M-46 130mm Field Gun ~55[30]  Soviet Union 130-мм пушка М-46 образца 1953 года (1).jpg
Nona-K 120mm Howitzer ~18[31]  Soviet Union 2B16 gun-howitzer-mortar 3.jpg
MT-12 Rapira 100mm Anti-Tank Gun ~468[32]  Soviet Union 100-мм противотанковая пушка Т-12 Рапира (1).jpg Modernized T-12.

Self-propelled artillery[edit]

Name Type Quantity Origin Photo Notes
2S1 Gvozdika 122mm Self-Propelled Howitzer Active: ~546
Reserve: 1,400 [33]
 Soviet Union 6742 - Moscow - Poklonnaya Hill - Tank.JPG
2S3 Akatsiya 152mm Self-Propelled Howitzer Active: ~859
Reserve: 1,600 [34]
 Soviet Union 2C3 Uraltransmash.jpg
2S4 Tyulpan 240mm Self-Propelled Gun-Mortar Active: ~8
Reserve: 120 [35]
 Soviet Union 2S4 Tyulpan.jpg
2S5 Giatsint-S 152mm Self-Propelled Howitzer Active: ~203
Reserve: 500 [36]
 Soviet Union Self-propelled gun 2S5 "Giatsint-S" with 152-mm gun 2A37..JPG
2S7 Pion 203mm Self-Propelled Howitzer ~12[37]  Soviet Union 2s7 pion.jpg
2S19 Msta-S 152mm Self-Propelled Howitzer Active: ~468
Reserve: Unknown [38]
 Soviet Union Engineering Technologies - 2012 (1-21).jpg More in production.
2S31 Vena 120mm Self-Propelled Gun-Mortar  Russia 2S31 Vena Sideview.jpg
2S34 Chosta 120mm Self-Propelled Howitzer ~30 [39]  Russia 2S34 Chosta.JPG

Rocket Artillery[edit]

Name Type Quantity Origin Photo Notes
BM-21 Grad 122mm Multiple Rocket Launcher Active: ~947
Reserve: 2,200 [40]
 Soviet Union BM-21.JPG
BM-27 Uragan 220mm Multiple Rocket Launcher Active: ~286
Reserve: 90 [41]
 Soviet Union 9K57 Uragan 2.jpg
BM-30 Smerch 300mm Multiple Rocket Launcher Active: ~30
Reserve: 100[42]
 Soviet Union 9К58 Смерч 3.jpg More in production.
TOS-1 220mm Thermobaric Rocket Launcher ~15[43]  Soviet Union TZM-T of the TOS-1A system (1).jpg
9A52-4 Tornado 122mm, 220mm, 300mm Multiple Rocket Launcher ~24[44]  Russia Tornado-G MLRS.jpg Built to replace BM-21 Grad, BM-27 Uragan and BM-30 Smerch. More in production.

Tactical Ballistic Missile Systems[edit]

Name Type Quantity Origin Photo Notes
OTR-21 Tochka-U / SS-21 Tactical ballistic missile ~78[45]  Soviet Union Точка-У.jpg 482 kg conventional warhead, 100 kt nuclear, maximum 120 km missile range.
9K720 Iskander-M / SS-26 Tactical ballistic missile ~48[46]  Russia 2013 Moscow Victory Day Parade (47).jpg 480 kg conventional warhead, maximum 400 km missile range.

Logistics and utility vehicles[edit]

Name Type Quantity Origin Photo Notes
UAZ-469 Light Utility Vehicle  Soviet Union УАЗ-3151 на параде фото1.JPG
GAZ-2975 Tigr Reconnaissance vehicle ~120[47]  Russia Engineering Technologies - 2012 (3-10).jpg Tigr-M variant will enter service in the first half of 2013.[48]
Iveco LMV Reconnaissance vehicle ~418  Italy Iveco LMV Lynx photo004.jpg Production halted.[49]
GAZ-33097 Light cargo truck  Russia 27th Independent Sevastopol Guards Motor Rifle Brigade (182-3).jpg
Ural-4320 Medium cargo truck  Soviet Union Урал-4320.JPG
Ural-5323 Medium cargo truck  Soviet Union Ural-5323.jpg
KamAZ 43501 Medium cargo truck  Russia Kamaz P9190209.JPG
KamAZ-5350 Heavy cargo truck  Russia Interpolitex 2011 (402-25).jpg
KamAZ-6350 Mustang Heavy cargo truck  Russia KamAZ-6350 truck, 2011.jpg
KamAZ-65225 Tractor unit  Russia KamAZ military tank transporter.jpg
KamAZ 63968 Typhoon Mine-Resistant Ambush-Protected truck ~60[50]  Russia KAMAZ-63968 Typhoon armored vehicle.jpg Used chiefly by Spetsnaz units.
DT30 Vityaz articulated tracked transport vehicle  Soviet Union DT-30P1 Vityaz 1.jpg

Future equipment[edit]

Name Type Origin Photo Notes
AF1 Strike One Semi-automatic pistol  Russia 9x19 Strizh-Strike One Moscow International Exhibition ARMS & Hunting 2013 01.jpg 18 round magazine. Intended to replace both the Makarov PMM and MP-443 Grach.[51]
VS-121 Sniper Rifle  Russia Bullpup design, improved SVU, currently undergoing testing.[52]
Universal Combat Platform T-99 "Armata" Main battle tank  Russia Planned to replace the T-72, T-80 and T-90, which will all go into reserve storage. Several versions will be developed.[53] To enter service in 2016.[54]
BMPT Heavy Infantry fighting vehicle  Russia Bmpt REA 2009.jpg Current version will not enter service in significant numbers. New version based on Universal Combat Platform T-99 will be developed and 2,500 will enter service by 2020.[citation needed]
BTR-T Heavy Armoured personnel carrier  Russia BTRTHeavyAPC2.jpg Current version will not enter service. New version based on Universal Combat Platform T-99 platform will be developed. It is estimated that 5,000 will enter service by 2023.[citation needed]
Kurganets-25 Infantry fighting vehicle  Russia Based on T-99 chasis, to enter service in 2016.[54] Planned to replace the BMP series, BMD series, and 2S25 Sprut-SD, which will all go into reserve storage.[citation needed]
Bumerang Armoured personnel carrier  Russia Planned to replace the BTR series.[55][56][57]
VPK-3927 Volk Light Armoured Vehicle  Russia VPK -3927 Volk 01.jpg Full drive high-mobility multipurpose military armored vehicle.[58]
Morfey Surface-to-air missile  Russia To enter service in 2015. The Russian MoD plants to have 500 in operation by 2020.[citation needed]
S-350E Vityaz Surface-to-air missile  Russia S-350E Vityaz - MAKS2013firstpix01.jpg Planned to replace S-300. To enter service in 2016.[59]

Aircraft[edit]

All army aviation aircraft have been transferred to Air Force command.

Gallery[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ http://world.guns.ru/smg/rus/aek-919k-kashtan-e.html
  2. ^ http://vpk.name/news/25737_pistoletpulemet_pp2000_budet_prinyat_na_vooruzhenie_rossiiskoi_armii.html
  3. ^ http://world.guns.ru/assault/rus/ak-74-e.html
  4. ^ http://world.guns.ru/assault/rus/an-94-abakan-e.html
  5. ^ http://world.guns.ru/assault/rus/as-val-e.html
  6. ^ http://world.guns.ru/sniper/large-caliber-sniper-rifles/rus/ksvk-e.html
  7. ^ http://world.guns.ru/sniper/large-caliber-sniper-rifles/rus/osv-96-e.html
  8. ^ http://www.militaryfactory.com/armor/detail.asp?armor_id=161
  9. ^ Eugene Yanko, Copyright 1997 - info@warfare.ru. "T-80 MBT; Russian Arms, Military Technology, Analysis of Russia's Military Forces". Warfare.ru. Retrieved 2013-12-27. 
  10. ^ http://www.military-informant.com/index.php/army/3585-1.html (Russian)
  11. ^ Eugene Yanko, Copyright 1997 - info@warfare.ru. "T-72 MBT; Russian Arms, Military Technology, Analysis of Russia's Military Forces". Warfare.ru. Retrieved 2013-12-27. 
  12. ^ Eugene Yanko, Copyright 1997 - info@warfare.ru. "BMP-3; Russian Arms, Military Technology, Analysis of Russia's Military Forces". Warfare.ru. Retrieved 2012-11-26. 
  13. ^ Eugene Yanko, Copyright 1997 - info@warfare.ru. "BMP-2; Russian Arms, Military Technology, Analysis of Russia's Military Forces". Warfare.ru. Retrieved 2012-11-26. 
  14. ^ Eugene Yanko, Copyright 1997 - info@warfare.ru. "BMP-1; Russian Arms, Military Technology, Analysis of Russia's Military Forces". Warfare.ru. Retrieved 2012-11-26. 
  15. ^ Eugene Yanko, Copyright 1997 - info@warfare.ru. "BTR-90; Russian Arms, Military Technology, Analysis of Russia's Military Forces". Warfare.ru. Retrieved 2012-11-26. 
  16. ^ Eugene Yanko, Copyright 1997 - info@warfare.ru. "BTR-80/82A; Russian Arms, Military Technology, Analysis of Russia's Military Forces". Warfare.ru. Retrieved 2013-12-27. 
  17. ^ Eugene Yanko, Copyright 1997 - info@warfare.ru. "BTR-60 Armored Personnel Carrier; Russian Arms, Military Technology, Analysis of Russia's Military Forces". Warfare.ru. Retrieved 2012-11-26. 
  18. ^ Eugene Yanko, Copyright 1997 - info@warfare.ru. "MT-LB; Russian Arms, Military Technology, Analysis of Russia's Military Forces". Warfare.ru. Retrieved 2012-11-26. 
  19. ^ Eugene Yanko, Copyright 1997 - info@warfare.ru. "SA-8 /* SAN-4 Gekko / 9K33* Osa | Russian Arms, Military Technology, Analysis of Russia's Military Forces". Warfare.ru. Retrieved 2013-12-12. 
  20. ^ Eugene Yanko, Copyright 1997 - info@warfare.ru. "SA-13 GOPHER / 9K35 Strela-10 | Russian Arms, Military Technology, Analysis of Russia's Military Forces". Warfare.ru. Retrieved 2010-09-23. 
  21. ^ Eugene Yanko, Copyright 1997 - info@warfare.ru. "SA-15 Gauntlet / Tor | Russian Arms, Military Technology, Analysis of Russia's Military Forces". Warfare.ru. Retrieved 2013-12-12. 
  22. ^ Eugene Yanko, Copyright 1997 - info@warfare.ru. "SA-11 Gadfly / 9K37M1 Buk | Russian Arms, Military Technology, Analysis of Russia's Military Forces". Warfare.ru. Retrieved 2013-12-12. 
  23. ^ Eugene Yanko, Copyright 1997 - info@warfare.ru. "SA-19 Grison / Tunguska | Russian Arms, Military Technology, Analysis of Russia's Military Forces". Warfare.ru. Retrieved 2010-09-23. 
  24. ^ Eugene Yanko, Copyright 1997 - info@warfare.ru. "SA-12 Giant S-300V | Russian Arms, Military Technology, Analysis of Russia's Military Forces". Warfare.ru. Retrieved 2010-09-23. 
  25. ^ Eugene Yanko, Copyright 1997 - info@warfare.ru. "2S12 Sani 120mm Towed Mortar; Russian Arms, Military Technology, Analysis of Russia's Military Forces". Warfare.ru. Retrieved 2014-2-2. 
  26. ^ Eugene Yanko, Copyright 1997 - info@warfare.ru. "2B14 Podnos-1 82mm Mortar; Russian Arms, Military Technology, Analysis of Russia's Military Forces". Warfare.ru. Retrieved 2014-2-2. 
  27. ^ Eugene Yanko, Copyright 1997 - info@warfare.ru. "2A18M D-30 | Russian Arms, Military Technology, Analysis of Russia's Military Forces". Warfare.ru. Retrieved 2010-09-23. 
  28. ^ Eugene Yanko, Copyright 1997 - info@warfare.ru. "2a36 Giatsint-B | Russian Arms, Military Technology, Analysis of Russia's Military Forces". Warfare.ru. Retrieved 2010-09-23. 
  29. ^ Eugene Yanko, Copyright 1997 - info@warfare.ru. "2a65b Msta-B | Russian Arms, Military Technology, Analysis of Russia's Military Forces". Warfare.ru. Retrieved 2010-09-23. 
  30. ^ Eugene Yanko, Copyright 1997 - info@warfare.ru. "M-46 130-mm Towed Gun | Russian Arms, Military Technology, Analysis of Russia's Military Forces". Warfare.ru. Retrieved 2010-09-23. 
  31. ^ Eugene Yanko, Copyright 1997 - info@warfare.ru (2006-01-25). "Nona-K | Russian Arms, Military Technology, Analysis of Russia's Military Forces". Warfare.ru. Retrieved 2010-09-23. 
  32. ^ Eugene Yanko, Copyright 1997 - info@warfare.ru. "Rapira 100-mm anti-tank gun | Russian Arms, Military Technology, Analysis of Russia's Military Forces". Warfare.ru. Retrieved 2010-09-23. 
  33. ^ Eugene Yanko, Copyright 1997 - info@warfare.ru. "2s1 Gvozdika Self-Propelled Howitzer | Russian Arms, Military Technology, Analysis of Russia's Military Forces". Warfare.ru. Retrieved 2011-08-18. 
  34. ^ Eugene Yanko, Copyright 1997 - info@warfare.ru. "2s3 Akatsia Self-Propelled Howitzer | Russian Arms, Military Technology, Analysis of Russia's Military Forces". Warfare.ru. Retrieved 2010-09-23. 
  35. ^ Eugene Yanko, Copyright 1997 - info@warfare.ru. "2s4 Tulpan self-propelled mortar | Russian Arms, Military Technology, Analysis of Russia's Military Forces". Warfare.ru. Retrieved 2010-09-23. 
  36. ^ Eugene Yanko, Copyright 1997 - info@warfare.ru. "2s5 Giatsint | Russian Arms, Military Technology, Analysis of Russia's Military Forces". Warfare.ru. Retrieved 2010-09-23. 
  37. ^ Eugene Yanko, Copyright 1997 - info@warfare.ru. "2s7m Pion Self-Propelled Gun | Russian Arms, Military Technology, Analysis of Russia's Military Forces". Warfare.ru. Retrieved 2010-09-23. 
  38. ^ Eugene Yanko, Copyright 1997 - info@warfare.ru (2005-12-27). "2s19 Msta-S 152 mm self-propelled howitzer | Russian Arms, Military Technology, Analysis of Russia's Military Forces". Warfare.ru. Retrieved 2010-09-23. 
  39. ^ Eugene Yanko, Copyright 1997 - info@warfare.ru. "2s34 Hosta Self-Propelled Howitzer | Russian Arms, Military Technology, Analysis of Russia's Military Forces". Warfare.ru. Retrieved 2014-01-29. 
  40. ^ Eugene Yanko, Copyright 1997 - info@warfare.ru. "9m22u Grad MLRS | Russian Arms, Military Technology, Analysis of Russia's Military Forces". Warfare.ru. Retrieved 2012-07-22. 
  41. ^ Eugene Yanko, Copyright 1997 - info@warfare.ru. "9P140 Uragan (Hurricane) 220 mm MLRS | Russian Arms, Military Technology, Analysis of Russia's Military Forces". Warfare.ru. Retrieved 2010-09-23. 
  42. ^ Eugene Yanko, Copyright 1997 - info@warfare.ru. "9k58 Smerch MLRS | Russian Arms, Military Technology, Analysis of Russia's Military Forces". Warfare.ru. Retrieved 2012-07-22. 
  43. ^ Eugene Yanko, Copyright 1997 - info@warfare.ru. "TOS-1 Buratino Flamethrower | Russian Arms, Military Technology, Analysis of Russia's Military Forces". Warfare.ru. Retrieved 2012-07-22. 
  44. ^ Eugene Yanko, Copyright 1997 - info@warfare.ru. "9K51 Tornado MLRS | Russian Arms, Military Technology, Analysis of Russia's Military Forces". Warfare.ru. Retrieved 2012-07-22. 
  45. ^ Eugene Yanko, Copyright 1997 - info@warfare.ru. "OTR-21 Tochka-U | Russian Arms, Military Technology, Analysis of Russia's Military Forces". Warfare.ru. Retrieved 2013-12-27. 
  46. ^ Eugene Yanko, Copyright 1997 - info@warfare.ru. "Iskander | Russian Arms, Military Technology, Analysis of Russia's Military Forces". Warfare.ru. Retrieved 2013-12-27. 
  47. ^ Eugene Yanko, Copyright 1997 - info@warfare.ru. "GAZ-2975 Tigr ("Tiger") HMV; Russian Arms, Military Technology, Analysis of Russia's Military Forces". Warfare.ru. Retrieved 2012-11-26. 
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  55. ^ http://www.deagel.com/Wheeled-Armored-Fighting-Vehicles/Boomerang_a002754001.aspx
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  57. ^ http://en.rian.ru/military_news/20120221/171439032.html
  58. ^ RIA Novosti — VPK-3927 Volk
  59. ^ Almaz-Antey plans to start delivery of S-350E Vityaz air defense system to Russian army in 2016 - Armyrecognition.com, 12 September 2013

References[edit]